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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, June 26, 1940, Image 1

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Dedicated To The Progress 01 A aM* A Served by Leased Wire °f lbe
ilmington Hunting ssSa” :
yoL^3—NO- 257____ WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 26, 1940_+ * ESTABLISHED 1867
Hoover Urges
Abolishment
Of New Deal
Also Calls For Scrupulous
Avoidance Of War In
Talk At G. 0. P. Meet
DEMONSTRATION HELD
Pew Is Reported Prepared
To Throw 50 Pennsyl
vania Ballots To Taft
Bv RICHARD L. TURNER
CONTENTION HALL,, PHILA
DELPHIA, June 25.— (AP) —Herbert
Hoover demanded the abolishment
of the New Deal and a scrupulous
•joithnee of war tonight before an
excited republican national conven
tion which shouted back its approv
jl and burst finally into the noisi
est demonstration of this two-day
old party meeting.
Outbursts of applause, brief and
occasional, yet of a roaring lusti
ness, punctuated every section of
the address. But the last sentence,
which was also a question, brought
tie climax. Referring to the party
little that lies ahead, Mr. Hoover,
Sis voice rising, demanded:
Prepared
Republicans are you prepared to
pinto this fight?”
Des,” came the answer, “Yes . . .
res.. . yes ...” until ear-splitting
:r:iam drowned out the responses.
■miration was in the making.
: cries, whistles, and applause,
£ reinforced by the scarcely dis
engmshable blaring of the band.
Californians, hustled into the
tries with a big banner and crush
through the crowded center aisle.
Sinnesota, West Virginia, Oklaho
a Nebraska, Tennessee, Texas,
irkansas and South Carolina ban
ters were in action.
After six and one-half minutes,
'Arman Joseph Martin of Massa
Ausetts attempted to still the tu
mult with heavy gavel banging, but
it was two more minutes before he
succeeded.
Whether the procession of stand
ris meant that a few individual
members of delegations had seized
tie state insignia without the ap
proval of their colleagues could not,
(Continued on Page Five Col. 5)
G.O.P. COMMITTEE I
OKEHS PLATFORM
___ \
Pledges An ‘Anti-War’
Stand And Raps New
Deal’s Defense Record
PHILADELPHIA, June 25.—W—
The republican platform for 1940,
including a foreign policy plank at
tacking the Roosevelt administra
tion's defense record, pledging an
anti-war” stand and calling for aid
t° “oppressed peoples,” was approv
ed tonight by the party’s resolutions
committee.
Chairman Herbert Hyde of the
committee announced that approval
*as unanimous. The planks were
turned over to drafting experts for
final polishing and were to be sub
mitted to the full convention to
morrow. Full details were not avail
able tonight.
Alf ivf. Landon, the 1936 standard
bearer and chairman of a sub-com
mittee which drafted the foreign
Micy plank, said the language of
fbe plank would not' foreclose fu
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 7)
,WEATHER 1
. FORECAST
p^orth Carolina and South 9amuina"
generally fair Wednesday and Thurs
aJ'; rising temperature.
(Meteorological data for the 24 hours
n(llng 7:30 p. m. yesterday).
. Temperature
a. m. 79; 7:30 a. m. 80; 1:30 P
7:30 p. m. 79; maximum 82:
69; mean 76; normal 78.
i 9A Humidity
a. m. 84; 7:30 a. m. 77; 1:30 p.
7:30 p. m. 97.
q, Precipitation
»on .■ f°r 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m..
iJncbes; total since first of the
4.97 inches.
Tides For Today
. High How
llmmgton _ 2:09a 9:32a
MasnnK 2:38P 10:00P
as°nboro Inlet__ 6:17a
glln. 12:27p 6:34p
5:02a; sunset 7:27p; moon
"' 11:*^p; moonset 11:23a.
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 4)
Cardinal Dougherty Delivers Invocation
—___
Dennis Cardinal Dougherty, archbishop of Philadelphia, who recently celebrated his golden jubilee
as a priest, delivers invocation to the delegates an d public at large to open the first night session of <
the 1940 republican convention in Philadelphia. Im mediately behind Cardinal Dougherty is Republican ,
National Chairman John D. M. Hamilton._.
LocalDefenseCommittee
Will Be Appointed Soon
. --- M __ -
APPROVED BY BOARDS
Appointment Of Group
Was Requested Recently
By Engineers’ Club
Mayor Thomas E. Cooper and
Addison H. Hewlett, chairman of
the county commission, will meet
at 6ome time this week to appoint
a local defense committee as au
thorized by the action of the two
boards, they said yesterday.
The appointment of the commit
tee was requested in a resolution
passed by the board of directors
of the local Engineers’ club and
presented to the city and county
boards. Both approved the resolu
tion, offered their cooperation, and
designated Cooper and Hewlett to
make the appointments.
The members of the committee
appointed by the board of directors
of the Engineers’ club are: Lt.
Col. George Gillette, George G.
Thomas and E. W. Mange.
The resolution asked that the de
fense committee be composed of
representatives from the follow
ing: U. S. army, U. S. army,
engineers, national guard, Ameri
can Legion, the Customs service,
the U. S. district attorney’s office,
the city, county and state law en
forcement agencies, the Dow
Chemical company, the Tide Wat
er Power company, the state high
way department, the Atlantic
Coast Line, the local oil terminals,
the communication companies, the
county medical society and the
local press.
The purpose of the committee,
as set up by the proponents of the
plan, would be ‘o coordinate the
defensive factors in Wilmington in
order to protect the city from
sabotage and other similar dan
gers. 3
Japanese May Issue
*Monroe Doctrine*
TOKYO, June 26.—(Wednes
day)—(AP)—The newspaper Asa
hi reported today that Japan
shortly would issue a sweeping
pronouncement amounting to
an Oriental Monroe Doctrine
warning all powers against in
terference of any kind in all
territories in East Asia.
. The newspaper said Japan now
is prepared to establish and
guarantee autonomy in East
Asia.
The proposed pronouncement,
it said, would apply to Italy,
Germany and Great Britain as
well as neutrals in the European
conflict.
The newspaper reported the
new policy would oppose the
transfer of territories or altera
tion of the status quo in East
Asia either through cession or
actual force.
LEGWIN TO HEAD
JUNIOR CHAMBER
Other Officers Are Elected
And Will Assume Duties
Early In July
Li. C. LeGwin, Jr., was elected
president of the Junior Chamber of
Commerce at a meeting last night
in the Xide Water Power company
assembly hall.
Other officers chosen were: John
Schiller, first vice-president; Robert
Dannenbaum, second vice-president;
Louis Harrison, secretary; Burnell
Curtis, treasurer; Herbert Harrell,
Jimmie Moore, Leo Sykes, John An
derson, Ernest Beale, Lansing
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 2)
HALL IS ELECTED I
N. C. LEGION HEAD
.
—: ■;-'■■■—.v
Mrs. Walter G. Craven
Named Auxiliary Presi
dent At High Point Meet
HIGH POINT, June 25 —(/P)—R.
Dave Hall, of Belmont, was elect
ed commander of the North Caro
lina department .of the American
Legion, and Mrs. Walter G. Cra
ven, of Charlotte, was named
president of the auxiliary at the
closing sessions of the 22nd annual
convention of the legion here today.
New Bern was selected for the 1941
convention.
Hall succeeds June H. Rose, of
Greenville, and Mrs. Craven suc
ceeds Mrs. Weaver Mann, of New
ton.
The convention closed tonight
with the commanders ball at the
National Guard armory.
“We must be prepared to speak
in a language that dictators can
understand — and that is the lan
guage of unmatched power’, Gov
ernor Clyde R. Hoey told the con
vention.
Governor Heoy’s address was
one of the highlights of the closing
session.
Hoey termed Hitler “the biggest
liar in all history” and declared
that “Hitler shall never lay foot
upon American soil and he shall
never conquer this great land of
yours and mine.”
Other officers elected by the
legion were: J. O. Thomas, Leakes
ville; Harry E. Keller, Badin; and
commanders: J. H. Howell,
Waynesville, Judge Advocate;
George K. Snow, Mt. Airy, histor
ian and Rev. David E. Foust, Salis
bury, chaplain.
Other auxiliary offiecrs were:
Mesdames N. Y. Chambliss, Rocky
Mount, Floyd Chadwick, Morehead
City, Victor R. Johnson, Pittsboro,
W. M. Pickens, Lincolnton, and
Frank B. White, Lenoir, vice presi
dents; Mrs. N. L. Alcocke, Rocky
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 5)
U. S. To Train
5,000 Naval
Officers Soon
F. D. R. Announces Ar
rangements To Prepare
Young Volunteers
SILENT ABOUT SHIPS
Says He Has Heard Nothing
About Forming South
American Squadron
WASHINGTON, June 25—UB—
President Roosevelt, invoking a
plan of world war days to provide
additional officers for the expand
ing fleet, announced today that
5,000 young volunteers would be
trained annually for commissions
in the naval reserve.
He disclosed at a press confer
ence that unmarried American
born men between 10 and 26 years
of age, who have had two years
or more of college work, could
begin applying for the training
next Friday. Applications will be
received at headquarters of the
naval district or at the naval re
serve unit or navy recruiting sta
tion nearest their homes.
Intensive Training
*The en'hryo officers wi’VJve
given intensive training in gun
nery, . navigation, engineering
communications and watch
standing at sea,” said a formal
statement given out at the press
conference.
‘‘Regular officers and petty of
ficers of the fleet will pound home
the art of fighting and maneuver
ing a modern man-o’-war and will
inculcate these young men with
the elements of discipline, team
work, loyalty, endurance and tech
nical skill which are the founda
tions of the naval excellence oi
the fleet.”
At the same time Mr. Roose
velt maintained silence about re
ports that warships of the United
States fleet/which left Hawaii yes
erday and last night in the direc
ion of the west coast, were bound
for the Panama canal and the At
lantic.
wo news
There was no news coming from
the White House on that score,
the President declared. Further,
he said he had heard nothing oi
the possibility of forming a South
American squadron of the navy.
This possibility had been men
tioned in view of the fact that the
United States cruiser Quincy was
visiting Montevideo, Uruguay,
where widespread Nazi activities
have been under investigation;
that the cruiser Wichita had beer
ordered there also and that the
destroyer O’Brien was in South
American waters.
Mr. Roosevelt, asked whether he
thought it was advisable to pass
legislation authorizing a draft o:
manpower, said there was nothing
he could say about that except tha1
the whole problem was in the
study stage.
The chief executive was ques
tioned also as to whether he
thought it would be desirable tc
repeal a 1911? statute interpreter
by Attorney General Robert Jack
son as forbidding sale to the Brit
ish of 20 high-speed “mosquito”
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
THREE NAZI BOMBERS
SHOT DOWN IN RAIDS;
FLEET ISSUE SETTLED
■, ... — ■■ -- m _,_4r ~*
OTHER ACTION TAKEN
Heavy Artillery Rushed To
Atlantic Side Of Zone;
Defenses Boosted
‘SPECIAL REHEARSAL’
[uJ. |
NEW YORK, June 25.—UP)—'The
Daily News, in a copyrighted article
tonight said that the United States
had mined both entrances to the
Panama Canal, had rushed heaviest
railroad artillery to the Atlantic side
of the zone and had placed the zone’s
defense forces on virtually a war
footing.
The article, written by Lowell
Limpus under a Panama dateline,
said that with 30,000 men under
arms, military authorities called the
maneuvers an “emergency rehears
al.”
“But with intense activity still
continuing,” the article said, “quali
fied observers believed the army was
getting ready for real trouble on
short i\tice."
Fleet Moves Out
“The mine laying fleet moved out
on both sides of the isthmus yester
day after the big Italian liner, Conte
Biancamano, was shifted from a posi
tion from which its passengers and
crew could have watched the pro
ceedings,” the article continued.
“The army’s new mine planter,
Niles, accompanied by a number of
tugs and smaller craft which have
been transformed into temporary
mine layers, went into action on the
Pacific side before the Biancamano
had entered the canal proper, while
the mine layer Graham and accom
panying craft finished most of the
job on the Atlantic side before the
liner made its appearance and an
chored there this afternoon.
Craft Restricted
Meanwhile, guard ships took sta
tions outside the mine fields evi
dently to warn approaching vessels.
Rigid restrictions were suddenly
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 2)
SECRECY COVERS
FLEET MOVEMENT
Families Of Men Uncertain
As To Destination Of
Pacific Battlecraft
HONOLULU, June 25.—(£>)—Per
plexity mingled with anxiety today
as this mid-Pacific fortress awaited
word of the destination of major
units of the United States fleet
which put to sea unexpectedly un
der sealed orders.
Families of officers and enlisted
men alike, left behind after hasty
farewells yesterday, were uncertain
as to the destination of husbands
and fathers.
What indications there were, with
official naval circles here and in
Washington maintaining strict sec
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 2)
Calls On France 1
To Continue War
I_i
Great Britain ivas reported pledg
ing support to a French national
committee headed by Gen. Charles
de Gaulle, under secretary of war
in the defunct Reynaud cabinet.
Exiled Gen. de Gaulle, broadcast
ing from London, recently called
upon French to continue resisting
Germans. For this, the Petain gov
ernment stripped him of military
rank, marked him for “earliest
court-martial.”
ITALY GAINS SLIM
SECTION IN ALPS
France Also Forced To
Give Full Rights To Rail
Outlet At Jibuti
ROME, June 25 —(A*)— Italy gain
ed military occupation of only a
slim border belt in the Alps, de
militarization of French colonial
outposts in North Africa and full
rights over Jibuti, only rail out
let to Italian East Africa, under
terms of the French-Italian armis
tice announced here tonight.
The armistice also forces France
to demilitarize her naval bases in
the Mediterranean while the war
with Britain is in progress.
No mention was made of Nice,
Savoy and Corsica, French-ruled
territory for which the Italians
long have been clamoring.
In addition to full rights over Ji
buti, Italy got control of the
French section of the railway rurF
ning from that Gulf of Aden port
to Addis Ababa, capital of Italian
conquered Ethiopia.
Demilitarize^' mes will be es
tablished in France, Tunis, and
French Somaliland, ranging from
to 30 to 120 miles in width. French
troops must be withdrawn in 10
days.
j.ne zone oi military occupation
in France proper includes a nar
row Alpine border area taken by
Premier Mussolini’s forces in their
14 days of war against France.
It extends a short distance into
France from the Swiss frontier to
he Mediterranean, including Bri
ancon in the north and Menton,
Mediterranean port. Briancon i s
about five miles from the frontier,
Menton about a mile.
For the duration of hostilities
between Italy and Britain, and for
the duration of the armistice, the
French Somaliland coast in North
Africa is to be demilitarized entire
ly.
Like the German-French armis
tice, the agreement Stvppnmogl
tbat the French fleet be surrender
ed, and that hostilities cease in
the colonies fs well as Europe. The
Italians joined the Germans in as
surances that the French warships
would not be used during the con
flict with England 4
MANY BOMBS DROPPED
Churchill Accuses Petain
Of Violating Assurances
In Giving Up Fleet
SHIPS AT ALEXANDRIA
EPROPE
(By The Associated Press)
German bombers slashed at Brit
ain anew and with greater vigor
early today in widespread raids
overthe English midlands and Scot
land.
At least three of the Nazi were
sent crashing to earth by a spec
tacular swarm of British fighter
planes aided by hot anti-aircraft
fire.
Many incendiary and high-ex
plosive bombs were dropped and
fires were started, the British ack
nowledged, though they did n o t
disclose the full extent of damage.
Surrenders Fleet
The raids, which are getting to
be a regular midnight-to-dawn diet
for the British, followed confirma
tion that the Frency navy and air
force are to pass into German and
Italian control under the French
armistice terms.
The all-important question ol
what is to become of the French
fleet, second largest in Europe,
was answered by the official armi
stice stipulations, made public
simultaneously, and by French
Premier-Marshal Petain himself.
Prime Minister Churchill, accus
ing Petain of violating “solemn as
surances” in handing over the fleet
earler n the day had declared
that Brtain’s safety “will be pow
erfully though not decisively affect
ed by what happens to the French
navy.” He held out a faint hope
that England still might salvage
something of the French fleet
through the empire outposts.
Just how much of the French
sea and air power the Germans
and Italians actually could get
their hands on remained un
answered.
Ships at Alexandria
Units of the French navy still
were with the British fleet at Alex
andria, Egypt, yesterday a n d
swarms of French planes winged
their way southward over the Me
diterranean during the armistice
negotiations, ostensibly to carry on
the fight from outposts there.
Germany promised solemnly
however, under her armistice not
to use French warships against
Britain.
The official German armistice
terms, following closely those
made public in London Sunday,
(Continued on Page Three, Col. 4)
JAPSFASTENGRIP
UPON INDO-CHINA
Warships Are Sent To
Haiphong To ‘Observe
Movements’ Of Vessels
TOKYO, June 26-(Wednesday)— .
(It)— Japan fastened a watchful mi
litary and naval grip today on
France’s rich holding in tne Orient
— Indo-China.
A cryptic announcement disclos
ed that crack Japanese troops,
nine days ago, acted “by force”
to cut the supply route from Indo
China to the central Chinese gov
ernment at Chungking.
It was not disclosed whether
these troops actually entered Indo
China territory, which lies along
side Japanese-occupied territory in
Kwangsi province of South China.
An undisclosed number of Japan
ese warships have gone to the Indo
China port of Haiphong to ‘‘ob
serve the movements” of vessels
which might slip out with contra
band for Japan’s Chinese enemy,
Chiang Kai-Shek.
Today, moreover, Maj. Gen. Is
saku Nishihara, chafrman of an
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 4)
\
AUTOMOBILE CRASH
TAKES TWO LIVES
Mrs. A. H. Davis, Of Bur
gaw, And Negro Killed In
Wreck Near Goldsboro
BURGAW, June 25—Mrs. A. H.
Davis, of Burgaw, was killed about
noon today when the car in which
she was riding collided with anoth
er automobile at Woodland Lake,
about six miles south of Golds
boro. ,
An unidentified negro was also
fatally injured and three other
persons were seriously hurt in the
crash. _ _
Miss 'Mary Cox, 22, of Burgaw,
of the Pender county welfare agen
cy who was driving the car oc
cupied by Mrs. Davis, was in the
Community hospital at Goldsboro
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 2)
ROOSEVELT SIGNS TAX BILL TO RAISE
$4,692,500,000 FOR DEFENSE PROGRAM
WASHINGTON, June 25—OP)
The nation shouldered its heav
iest federal tax load since the
World war today.
President Roosevelt’s signa
ture made law of a bill esti
mated to raise an additional
$4,692,500,000 in the next five
years by adding 2,200,000 citi
zens to the list of income tax
payers and by raising the rates
on income, profits, excise, gift
and inheritance taxes. The
money will be used to help
finance the defense program
authorized by congress.
The treasury calculated that
the law would increase antici
pated federal revenue in the
1941 fiscal year, which begins
Monday from $5,652,300,000
(not counting social security
funds, which are now outside
the budget) to $6,367,600,000.
An extra $994,300,000 was ex
pected to be raised in each of
the following four years.
Next year’s revenue, if rea
lized, will be the largest since
1920, .when .peak .collections
were made on World war tax
es, and the 1942 fiscal year
may set a new income record
of approximately $7,000,000,000.
Officials estimated that 2,
200,000 persons would pay fed
eral income taxes for the first
time because of reduction of
personal exemptions for heads
of families from $2,500 to $2,
000 and for single persons
from $1,000 to $800. This low
ering of exemptions also will
result in increasing the pay
ments of those now taxed.
To facilitate the defense pro
gram, the act authorized the
treasury to borrow immediate
ly against the five-year pro
ceeds of the measure. Sale of
$4,000,000,000 of “national de
fense notes’’ way authorized
and the national debt limit
was increased from $45,000,
000,000 to $49,000,000,000. While
the federal debt now is $42,
918,209,181, regular federal ex
penditures had been expected
to exhaust the old debt limit
within the next year, without
provision for the extraordinary
defense expenditures.
Effective dates of the tax
increases vary. The income
tax provisions apply to in
comes earned during the 1940
calendar year, and will be pay
able March 15, 1941.
An extra 10 per cent added
P
<
to the estate and gift taxes
became effective at 11:45 a.m.
eastern standard time, today,
the time the President signed
the bill.
Increased excise taxes, snch
as those on liquor and ciga
rets, will become effective at
12:10 a. m., Monday, July 1.
The heaviest of the new tax
bills will fall upon income tax
payers. They are expected to
pay $319,000,000 in the next
fiscal year and $580,000,000 in
the following four years in ad
dition to their payments un
der former income tax rates.
The new law requires a re
turn — a report on income—
from everyone earning more
than $2,000, whether subject to
I tax or not. 4

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