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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, June 30, 1940, Image 2

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WPA Projects In North Carolina
Have Vast Defense^ Possibilities
BY FRED J. COHN
Most of the world has forgotten
what happened on Sinai some 5,000
odd years ago. It has forgotten
what happened in Bethlehem some
1940 years ago. How well it re
nembrs what happened at Kill
jevil Hill, North Carolina, some
37 years ago — with accent on
■ that part of the nomenclature,
“kill”.
That sounds like a sermon’s be
ginning. It is not. We are just
mindful that the Marquis ol
Queensbory rules and all other
rules have been abrogated in the
present roaring, raging holocaust.
Hitting below the belt, failing to
go to a neutral corner when the
adversary is prostrate upon blood
soaked canvas, are hailed by some
as being quite noble deeds these
days.
Seems as if this story is to be
an indictment of some sort or
another. It isn’t. The scene we
want to depict for you is almost
pastoral — a simple, fundamental
relief. The brush’s first strokes
took from the palette tones almost
azure blue with salmon flaked
coulds passing away — a brighter
horizon was clearly in view. All
of that has changed now, swiftly,
horribly. The basic picture remains
the same. The background is now
the reflection of a gory inferno
far beyond the nightmarish, ghast
ly imaginings of — it might be
quite itting to say Dante’.
What WPA has done in North
• Carolina—a cross-section of Natio
nal tissue — to aid in preventing
the conflagration from consuming
our homes, our ideals and our
civilization is our picture.
Airports
Fifty thousand air warships each
year chlls for a swarm of Amer
ican Eagles—through which vul
tures could not fly. That American
Eagle is a courageous, intelligent,
never-say-die fighter. Before he
can defend his aerie he must de
velop and learn how to use his
wings.
To advance from a fledgling to
a mighty bird, he must have
properly prepared ground from
which to learn how to use his new
wings. WPA in North Carolina has
completed or approaching comple
tion eleven airports, including the
most modern United States Coast
Guard Air base at Elizabeth City.
Thse airports comprise more thaji
3,000 improved acres with run
ways totalling 19,405 feet in length.
In the nation, 519 landing fields
and 579 airports, have been built
or reconstructed. Over( 80 per cent
of all airport work m the past
five years has been with WPA
cooperation.
Think what it would mean had
we to start now almost from the
scratch of five years ago to de
velop these airports. No doubt with
in the forthcoming few months
those fields of especial military
importance will receive intensified
aid from WPA.
Highways and Roads
When Germany started to pre
pare for the present onslaught,
about 5,000 miles of roads were
constructed. The ease of transport
ing men, material, mechanized
forces from one indicated point to
another is of prime military import
ance. WPA has 8,591 miles of high
ways, roads and streets to its cred
u m iNonn uarouna. seven Hun
dred and sixty-five miles of this has
been milets of rual roads play their
essential roles, too—carrying pro
duce and supplies from remote
regions to the main arteries of
traffic thence to centers where
needed is vital. New roads must
have new bridges. The score card
shows 213 new bridges. The count
for the entire country is 457,734
miles of highways, roads and
streets with 27,979 miles of high
type surfaces. Bridging rivers,
streams and lowlands are 56,000
new structures. No doubt, im
mediately, roads needed specifi
cally for military strategy will re
ceive particular additional atten
tion. Of course, this does not take
Into account the primary roads by
the thousands of miles construct
ed through aid of other depart
ments of the Federal Works Agen
cy. The United States Government
has not overlooked the importance
of having its frontiers connected
by road systems. True the primary
purpose has been to conserve
otherwise wasted man power and
LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN HOTEL
. A Vacation Paradise
Located on highest point of Lookout
Mountain, overlooking Chattanooga
and seven mountain ranges. Cool
nights—pleasant days. Ail sports,
including outdoor swimming pool,
golf, riding, tennis. Rate^ moderate.
Address
S. JOHN LITTLEGREEN,
Manager, Lookout Mountain Hotel
Chattanooga, Tennessee
for commercial use—Yet the re
sult is the same. Defense measures
are equally well served. Those
same roads can bear tanks, motor
ized units, supply traffic just as
well as commercial trucks, auto
mobiles and tourists.
Armories
Twenty-five armories have been
completed for North Carolina
National Guard units. These are
not only used as quarters but they
have already served and will con
tinue to be utilized as training
centers and equipment storage
places.
The War Memorial at State Col
lege stands as a magnificent re
minder that not alone was work
well done by WPA employees but
that there is a duty imposed upon
us in return for the economic se
curity and physicial security main
tained for all of us by our state
and Federal governments.
At Fort Bragg
The largest U. S. Army Artillery
post is located at Fort Bragg,
North Carolina. WPA has expended
$383,384, exclusive of sponsor’s
contribution, for he improvement
of that important military facility.
This was work needed for the
post’s function. It is work which
will not have to be done now
during the defense expansion
pci IUU.
Forty miles of electric power
lines, one power plant and 57 utility
plants, new or improved, result
from WPA labors.
These are WPA’s direct physical
aids towards National Defense. W
PA’s basic contributions are deeply
rooted and important.
Economic necessity is a hard
task - master. There is no more
fertile field in which to culture
unrest, discord and warped per
spectives than in the stomachs of
hungry men. During over four and
one-half years 125,000 North Caro
linians have earned sustenance for
themselves and their families
through WPA employment. In the
Nation, at various time, seven and
one-half million different persons
have been so employed: Figuring
an average of only four people to
the family. 30.000.000 people have
been affected. Those people, for
whom no other jobs were available,
know that they live under a system
of government where the welfare
of the individual counts. Those men
and women have been freed form
the particular kind of fear which
arises from economic insecurity.
Instead of discontent there has
been instilled a love and respect
for our country. They have been
taught the philosophy of WPA.
which in its essence is the philoso
phy of democracy. 2
WPA work has kept these tens
of thousands physically and
mentally fit. Their employability
has not been wasted away in idle
ness—nor have their morale and
self respect lpeen destroyed. Full
fledged workers they still remain.
It is fair to observe that by work
millions of our people have been
prevented from—even though it
would have been against their con
scious will— becoming changed in
to National Defense termites. Not
solely, from the point of their physi
cal well-being but also from pre
venting that section of our citizenry
from being a ripe field into which
5th column panceas might have
ben sown for large harvests. f
This thing called morale is mul
tiplied as an essential for defense
planning. Discipline, how to take
and give orders, the ability to
understand and carry out instruc
tions are elemental factors.
Throughout the life of WPA,
training courses have been held.
Without any thought of defense,
about six months ago intensified
training courses were instituted in
many fields. Notable among these
is foremanship instruction. When
the period is completed, 1800 will
have had this invaluable training
in minor leadership. Thousands
raised a notch or two. The list
is long—just two more brief ci
tations: Seven hundred and fifty
five women have been trained as
iiuuocacc^ci o aiuco. At oyiuiua ur
nocuous enough to narrate that
these women serve in needy
homes where illness strikes and
there is no money. Yet, the fact
remains that these women have
had training in practical nursing.
The second item is that 103 sewing
rooms by turning out over 6 pillion
garments and articles shows that
if decentralized production units
are needed, they are “on tap”.
The WPA has been the largest
mass contribution towards the wel
fare of its people by any govern
ment in history’s annals. The WPA
had always been the first line of
defense in the economic war in
our country, it is now and has
been the second line Nation De
fense. It has proven that our de
mocracy can act quickly, effec
tively, organize well in a field
which covers almost every city
and hamlet. WPA is so organized
that in any given place it can
expand or contract rapidly, ef
ficiently.
“Colonel F. C. Harrington, Work
Projects Commissioner,” explain
ed State WPA Administrator C. C.
I McGinnis, “has announced that
I WPA will give perference to pro
jects which contribute to National
Defense. I intended to follow that
\ policy in North Carolina. WPA can
do much to promote preparedness
j and the well being of our people.
Heavy duty roads and airports and
many other items can be improv
ed or created by WPA.” 2
BANKERS’ MEET
AT UNC JULY 8
Several Wilminglonians To
Attend Conference At
Chapel Hill
Several bankers from Wilming
ton and nearby towns are expected
to attend the fourth annual North
Carolina Bankers’ conference at
the University of North Carolina.
July 8-12.
Officials said the conference
would be addressed by 15 leaders
in the national field of banking
and finance. The theme of the con
ference will be “Meeting Today’s
Challenge in Banking,” and dis
cussions will center around bank
ing procedure as related to the
present world situation, and the
possible demands upon the bank
ing system created by the defense
movement in the United States.
There will also be discussions re
lated to banking investment, cre
dit and operating procedures.
Speakers on the program will be
Ur. Paul f . Cadman, economist of
the American Bankers’ association,
William A. Irwin, expert in eco
nomics and national educational
director of the American Institute
of Banking, Merle Thorpe, editor
of “Nation’s Business,” Dr. Harold
Moulton, president, Brookings In
stitution, Washington, D. C.. E. A.
Wayne, chief bank examiner of
the State of South Carolina, Ernest
M. Fisher, former advisor to the
Federal Housing Administration
at Washington, D. C., A. G. Brown,
former president of the Federal
Land Bank of Louisville, and now
head of the agricultural credit de
partment of the A. B. A., and
others.
Warren S. Johnson, president of
the Peoples Bank and Trust com
pany, is a member of the confe
rence committee. The conference
is sponsored jointly by the North
Carolina Bankers’ association, the
state banking commission, and the
University.
Among those who have register
ed to attend the conference are:
W. L. Bozeman, cashier, Wil
mington Savings and Trust com
pany, Warren S. Johnson, presi
dent, Peoples Savings Bank and
Trust company, J. Henry Gerdes,
vice-president, Peoples Savings
Bank and Trust company, Wilming
ton, C. L. Tate, Chadbourn, R. S.
Lennon, Rowland, J. N. Coburn,
Whiteville.
BIRD COMMUTERS
HOUSTON, Tex. —UP— C. E,
Buehner, businessman who bands
birds as a hobby, says many oi
his feathered friends are pretty
regular commuters. "I have rec
ords of birds that were bandec
one year and then set loose,” he
says. “The next two years they
came back within several days ol
the previous dates.”
' Thurlow Is Re-Elected
By Advent Christians
The Rev. S. E. Thurlow, of Wil
mington. was re-elected southern
regional superintendent at the bi
annual Advent Christian church
general conference of America
held at Alton Bay, New Hamp
shire, from June 21 to 15.
The Rev. Mr. Thurlow, who is
pastor of the Fourth Street Advent
Christian church, was also elected
chairman of the credentials com
mittee and to membership of the
resolutions committee during the
conference.
In the capacity of southern reg
ional superintendent, the Rev. Mr.
Thurlow has direct charge of sup
ervising all activities of the Advent
Christian denomination ir; the
states of North and South Carolina,
Georgia, Alabama, Florida, and
Mississippi.
In addition to the Rev. Mr. Thur
low, other delegates to the general
conference from the Wilmington
section included: Mrs. Thurlow,
Miss Isabel Thurlow, the Rev.
Hugh Shepard, of Middle Sound,
and J. Q. Baker, of Four Oaks. 2
Sunday School Session
At 6th Street Church
The Sixth Street Advent Chris
tain church is entertaining the Sun
day School Convention of the
Eastern North Carolina Conference
today. Sunday Schools from all
over the eastern section of the
state will be represented, and short
programs will be presented by
each school, the Rev. James R.
Lee, pastor of the church, said.
The public is invited to attend
the services beginning at the Boys
Bridade at 10 o’clock. Lunch will
be served all delegates at the
Brigade at noon. j
“The Sixth Street church is the
mother church in the conference
and from it most qf the many
churches in Eastern North Caro
lina got their start. The Sixth
Street church has produced and
prepared ministers who have at
one time and another served in
most of the churches in the conver
ence. It is, therefore, great
pleasure for the mother to have a
home coming of her many
children, some of whom have never
before visited her,” Mr. Lee said.
The Rev. J. P. King who recent
ly celebrated his 92nd birthday,
and who was for more than 60
years the church’s pastor, 'Jill at
tend. His son, the Rev. S. J. King,
of Jacksonville, Fla., will also take
part in the services. 2
Echoes have been known to re
neat as many as 20 syllables.
$1.00
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