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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 04, 1940, Image 1

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Dedicated To The Progress Oi ~ , . .T~
mii Served by Leased Wire of the
WILnlniTUI .nn .....
. . c , „ .. ASSOCIATED PRESS
And Southeastern North „ .
CaroUn. , “ Complel. Covei.ge oi
Stale and National New*
V£hi.2~NO. .2_6f___ * * ESTABLISHED 1867
Carol Seeks
len To Meet
Twin Threats
Rumania Opens Its Prison
Doors In Search For All
Available Men
NAZIS WILL NOT AID
King And His Advisers Dis
cuss Hungary’s Demands
For Transylvania
By ROBERT ST. JOHN
BUCHAREST, July 3—IS*)—:Ru
mania, almost despairing of the
help she had expected from Ger
many, opened her prison doors to
night in a desperate search for
every available man to meet threats
from within and without her bor
ders.
It was announced that prisoners
whose sentences would have been
finished between now and Nov. 15,
and those serving sentences of not
more than six months for minor
offenses, would he turned loose.
On guard against violent anti
Jewisli demonstrations which al
ready had weakened the country
internally, in her hour of grave
outer peril, police in armored cars
followed by truckloads of gendarmes
paraded the main boulevards of
Bucharest tonight.
Dark News
The news from Berlin^ that Ger
many had backed away from the
idea of giving formal assurances
of help against any further attacks
on Rumanian frontiers fell heavily
upon officials who had hoped for
a close tieup* with the Reich after
renunciation of Franco-British ties.
It came just as King Carol was
ei’ing audience to three pro-Ger
man politicians who are Transyl
vanians—natives of the area which
Hungary wants to regain from
Rumania.
I To Carol's palace went General
Ion Antonescu, former war minister
in the Goga (pro-Nazi) cabinet;
George Bratianu, a dissident liberal
leader, and Dr. Alexander Vaida
Voevod, a former premier who in
1934 prophesied that the Nazi iron
guard would some day lead Ru
mania.
Thus it appeared that the king,
despite Berlin’s disclaimer of as
surances of aid for Rumania, still
"'as seeking urgently to come to
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
GRIST IS NAMED
THEATRES CHIEF
Appointed City Manager;
Bertram Goes To Royal;
Autrey Stays At Bijou
A new managerial setup for Wil
hhngton Theatres, Inc., taking ef
Mt following the death of George
■Bailey, and “conforming to the
Poucies set up by Mr. Bailey be
tre his death,” was announced
yesterday.
A. S. Grist, coming to Wilming
on from Wilson, will be city man
ger as well as manager of the
Melina theatre. V. R. Bertram,
°rmer manager of the Carolina,
"it be moved to the RoyaL The
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 5)
LWEATHER
X0 i. „ FORECAST
tts A h olina: Mostly cloudy, show
7liursfin,, scattered thundershowers
riSin™ tay im<1 m east portion Friday,
"“ftioanSaT Fri3ay and in wegt
f'linct7r"!10gjca1' a far the 24 hours
* P- m. yesterday).
I-an „ Temperature
to. Js.% 74; 7:30 a. m. 72; 1:30 p.
toiaimin,Ti.p- m• 75; maximum 81;
um 71; mean 76; norma! 79.
I an „ „ Humidity
to, 7". l-.jn- 90; 7:30 a. m. 91; 1:30 p.
'■ 7 30 p. m. 93.
Total , Precipitation
0.26 inr, 24 ho"rs ending 7:30 p. m„
toonthow’ • to,tal since first of the
t ’ v‘^o inches.
Tides For Today
^''toington - SBJ£
l:,'0riboro Inlet_6:33a VZ
iiaTfe, 5:05s; sunset V:27p; moon1?
■^a; moonset 6:39p. *
Continued on Page Two; Col. 8)
\
-—
Spe»' l’V’^ -oft'
1-r: -
Associate Justice A. A. F. Seawel! is shown speaking at the dedica
tion ceremonies at the New Brooklyn Homes, negro low-rent housing
project, here yesterday morning. In the left background is C. 8.
Kornegay, a member of the Wilmington Housing authority, while on
the right are J. E. L. Wade, city commissioner, and R. K. Creighton
executive secretary of the Raleigh authority.
Movement Of Ships Here
Put Under C. G. Control
- ★
All CRAFT INCLUDED
Set-Up Less Drastic Than
That At Ports Of Phila
delphia, Baltimore
The Port of Wilmington, along
with other ports in the nation, is
now under the control of the resi
dent coast guard ship as regards
movement of ships, both American
and foreign, in an dout of the har
bor, it was learned last night.
The ports of Philadelphia and
Baltimore have been placed under
absolute military control for the
first time since the World war. The
setup in Wilmington, however, is
somewhat less drastic.
Must Get Permit
It provides that any ship, regard
less of nationality, must get per
mission from a Washington ship
ping bureau — through the com
munication facilities of the cutter
Modoc—before it can move in or
out of the harbor.
Similar arrangements either have
been or will be made in ports
throughout the country.
This arrangement is an- out
growth of a system set up by the
President of the United States
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 8)
CITY TO OBSERVE
INDEPENDENCE DAY
AH Public Offices Will Be
Closed; Big Crowds Are
Expected At Beaches
Today—164 years after the adop
tion of the Declaration of Inde
pendence—Wilmington will observe
the Fourth of July with little fan
fare.
No speaking exercises, parades,
band concerts or nay of those
affairs usually associated with the
holiday will be held, as far as
could be learned last night.
All city, county, state and federal
offices will take a full holiday,
as will practically all stores and
private offices.
The weathr man has added
something of a damper to the fes
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 5)
Hungarian Reservists
Are Called To Duty
BUDAPEST, July 3.— (/P> —A
stream of Hungarian military ~
reservists poured into concen
tration points along the Ruman
ian frontier today for the third
successive day.
In the cities and towns of
this country, which is demand
ing the return of Transylvania
from Rumania, air raid precau
tions went forward. Anti-aircraft
guns were set up in the railway
yards of Budapest, vital key to
the country’s communications.
The mobilization of thousands
upon thousands of men—some 50
jears old — jammed every high
way and railway line in the east
ern section of the country^
DETAILS OF WEED
SET-UP DEMANDED
Wallace Asked To Reveal
Program Before Opening
Of Markets On Aug. 8
WASHINGTON, July 3— (3>) —
Senator George (D-Ga) urged
Secretary Wallace today to an
nounce details of the new tobacco
program before the Georgia and
[Florida markets open August S.
The senator said he pointed out
J to the secretary that growers would
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 2)
¥
NegroHousing
Project Here
Is Dedicated
- ■ ■■ ■
Associate Justice Seawell
Principal Speaker At
New Brooklyn Homes
PRAISES UNDERTAKING
Says It Is Monument To
Aroused Consciousness
Qf Public Social Duty
Associate Justice A. A. F. Seawell,
of the North Carolina supreme court,
speaking yesterday morning at the
dedication of New Brooklyn Homes,
negro low rent housing project, told
his audience the project was a monu
ment to “an aroused consciousness
of public social duty ... a monu
ment to a new conception of the re
lation of government to the social
life and needs of the people for
whom government exists.”
Justice Seawell was the principal
speaker on a program held to ob
serve the completion of Wilmington’s
first step toward caring for its ill
housed citizens.
Accomplishes ureat ueai
”The speaker declared the supreme
court has recognized the fact that
the slum clearance work is accom»
plishing a great deal in the direction
of establishing a relationship be
tween ignorance and crime and is
endeavoring to remove the conditions
leading to this relationship.
"Simplicity of living under condi
tions which are favorable to the
moral and peaceful existence and
development of society call for sim
plicity of government. It is quite
true that those who are least gov
erned are the most fortunate. But
when we are confronted with con
gested conditions of living, more par
ticularly in very poplous towns, we
begin to realize that there are so
cial complications and social evils
that are far beyond the power of
private agencies and institutions to
remedy, and which legal processes
are ineffectual to control.
"Government certainly should keep
pace with these conditions,” he said.
••It should not be confined merely
to the dry cogs of its operative ma
chinery. The people, I think, have a
right to look for something better:
That government itself may be call
ed on to aid, as far as it may, the
efforts of men and women every
where under its broad aegis to live
in security, dignity and decency.
"If this interpretation cannot be
given to the constitution,” he said,
“then it is time to amend it by
those deliberate processes which
have been provided; to go down into
its vital parts, its articles, and its
sections and its clauses, and to
write there, plainly and unmistaka
bly, those provisions which will make
it more adjustable to human prog
ress, which shall give to the indi
vidual a new security for life, lib
erty and the pursuit of happiness,
and which shall invest that boasted
declaration with a significance it
never had before.
“A Sad Thing”
"In dealing with the increasing
complex social problems,” he added,
“it would be a sad thing if govern
ment never went to school. Govern
ment, if it fulfills its duty to the
people, cannot be bound up in a
hazy net of abstractions. It must be
mfire than a Declaration of Inde
pendence wrapped up in a Star
Spangled Banner. There must be an
approach to reality. Administration
is not a matter of stratosphere. It
must make contact with the things
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
FRENCH WARSHIPS OPPOSE
BRITISH EFFORTS TO KEEP
FLEET OUT OF NAZI HANDS
ENGINEER IS KILLED
24-Hour Total Of Air Raid
Casualties Raised To 20
Killed, 197 Hurt
NAZI PLANES DOWNED
Raiders Range All Over
England, From Scotland
To Southern Coast
LONDON, July 4.—(Thursday)—
(S’)—The first German bombing of a
moving train in Great Britain killed
the engineer with bomb fragments
in the climax of prolonged raids un
leashed by the Nazi air force yester
day and last night against the Brit
ish Isles.
Seven persons were reported killed
and 77 wounded in the day's aerial
attacks, putting the 24-hour total of
air raid casualties at 20 dead and
197 wounded .
British anti-aircraft guns and
fighter planes brought down six and
damaged four of the German bomb
ers that roared solo and in waves
in the day-long raids yesterday and
last night.
Passengers Escape
The only passengers on the bomb
ed train were two womarfi and two
children.
"It was a miracle that we escaped
and I put it down to our presence
of mind in crouching near the floor,”
said one of the women, Mrs. P. Stew
ard.
The toe of her right shoe was
blown off. The train was filled with
fragments of flying glass.
Mrs. Steward said she heard two
explosions, then saw a plane swoop
down. A number of bombs were
dropped along the tracks.
The sixth Nazi plane to fall was
shot down in the evening by a Brit
ish fighter over southeast England,
the air ministry announced.
The raiders ranged all over Eng
land, from Scotland to the southern
coast in an accelerated prelude to
the expected invasion. The casual
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 6)
RED UNION ASKED
BY LITHUANIANS
10,000 Soldiers Reported
To Have Urged Formal
Union With Russia
STOCKHOLM, July 3. — (iP) —
Nearly 10,600 Lithuanian soldiers
were reported tonight to have march
ed from the Kaunas garrison and
demanded formal union of their
country with Soviet Russia.
The correspondent of the Stock
holm newspaper Tidningen reported
from Kaunas that the soldiers con
gregated in Kaunas’ sports palace
and cheered Russian military speak
ers. The men were said to have car
ried huge portraits of Lenin and
Stalin, Premier-Foreign Commissar
Vyacheslaff Molotoff and Klementi
E. Voroshiloff, chairman of a Rus
sian committee of defense and for
mer war commissar.
Officers attempted briefly to inter
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 8)
-J
Safe In The Land Of The Free |
Happy are these four British refugee youngsters as they excitedly
“man” the rail of their ship, gliding up the Hudson river. They were
among 233 passengers recently landed in New York from the Holland
America liner Volendam, which arrived unexpectedly, flying the British
flag._
1,000 Killed When Nazi
Sub Sinks Prison Liner
_,_
ARE ITALIANS, NAZIS
Arandora Star Torpedoed
Off Irish Coast While
En Route To Canada
LONDON, July 3— (-£>>—One thou
sand persons, most of them Italian
and German prisoners of war, were
reported tonight to have drowned
when German submarine torpedo
sank the British liner Arandora Star
off Ireland as it was taking 1,500
enemy aliens and others to Canada
for internment.
The luxury liner, stripped of her
finery for prison-ship service, car
ried about 1,500 internes and 500
guards. This presumably was the
second consignment of prisoners for
Canada, where the first contingent
arrived last week.
No Warning
It was attacked just after day
light (presumably yesterday) with
out any warning, and some of the
1,000 survivors who reached Scotland
tonight said many prisoners were
killed in a mad fight for places in
the lifeboats. One estimate put the
number of prisoners killed at 968.
The water was filled with bodies
and debris, the witnesses related.
Hundreds were asleep when the tor
pedo struck and were unable to cope
with the stampede for lifeboats.
A German communique had an
nounced the sinking of the 15,501-ton
liner a few hours before the
bedraggled survivors reached a safe
harbor in a Canadian rescue vessel.
The Canadian vessel, first to an
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 4)
French Liner Sunk
By Mine In Atlantic
BERLIN, July 3. — </P) — The
German press reported tonight
that the 28,124-ton French liner
Champlain sank several days ago
when it struck a mine in the
Atlantic enroute to America
with many passengers. The re
ports published here said all the
passengers were saved but that
a few crew members drowned.
The Berlin papers which pub
lished the story quoted French
newspaper sources as saying
that the loss of the liner was an
nounced by the General Trans
Atlantic line.
WOMAN IS KILLED
BY YOUNG BANDITS
Nightwatchman Also Injur
ed During Reign Of Ter
ror At Kingsville, Tex.
KINGSVILLE, Tex., July 3-lB
A 48-hour reign of terror in which
a woman hostage was killed and
an aged nightwatchman wounded
critically ended on a lonely border
of the Great King ranch todaj
for two youthful desperadoes whc
tried vainly to shoot it out wit!
officers.
Indentities of the slain gunmer
were not known. Their fingerprints
were sent to Austin.
Mrs. V. E. Davis, 35, of Kings
ville, was shot through the heac
as the bandits, who had orderec
her to drive them to Corpu:
Christi, ran into officers block
ading a highway.
Earlier, 77-year-old P. L. Barn
hill was shot through the stomacl
after encountering the pair in ar
alley here.
Deptuy Sheriff E. E. Vickers o:
Edinburg related this sequence o
events which ended in the killings:
The gunmen reached the Ri<
Grande valley. Monday morning de
liberately crashing their heavy se
dan into a highway patrol ca:
four miles north of Edinburg ant
escaping into the roadside brush
The patrolmen had been tipped t<
watch for two men wanted for «
Nagogodches robbery.
Last ni^nt Barnhill ran into th«
men. One fired at him, grabbec
(Continued on Pace Fiv ^: CoL 1)

BATTLE OFF AFRICA
British Admit Moves To
Jake Former Ally’s Ships
Meets Resistance
CASUALTIES REPORTED
French Admiral At Oran,
Algeria, Declines To Ac
cept British Terms
LONDON, July 4 (Thursday).—(TP)
—French and British warships are
fighting each other off the north
coast of Africa, the British ministry
of information reported today, as a
result of Great Britain’s renewed ef
forts to keep the navy of her con
quered ally, by force or agreement,
from falling into the hands of Ger
many and Italy.
The British reported that a sud
den move to place all French war
ships in British ports under control
of the royal, navy was completed
successfully with ‘‘only two casual
ties.”
At the same time, the ministry of
information said, French vessels in
North African ports were offered
conditions ‘‘designed solely for the
purpose of keeping them out of Ger
man hands.” In the vicinity of
Oran, Algeria, action had to be tkaen
against French vessels because the
French admiral would not accept
these conditions, it said.
Seek Control
The ministry sadi steps were be
gun yesterday to put the French
warships under British control ‘‘to
ensure that the French fleet should
not be used against them by the
common enemy.”
The operations of bringing the
scattered sections of the French war
fleet under British control still are
proceeding, the ministry said.
The ministry statement follows:
‘‘It will be recalled that the
French government, relying upon
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 1)
BRITAIN REFUSES
JAPAN'S DEMANDS
Standing Firm Against Re
quest To Close Chinese
Military Supply Road
TOKYO, July 3 —Iff)— Britain
was reported authoritatively to
night to be standing firm against
Japanese damands for closing of
the motor road from Rangoon,
British burma, to Chungking,
China—“The road to Mandalay
—over which military supplies
have been passing to the Chinese
armies of Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-Shek.
Defeated France already has
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 4)
Sell What You Don’F
Need-Buy What
You Need
—Through Star-News
WANT ADS
It’s really quite a simple mat
ter to sell anything of value by
running a low cost Want Ad
in the Star and News. (Want
Ad appears In both Star and
News for single Insertion price).
Hundreds of prospective buyers
1 shop daily in the Want Ads,
and will pay you cash for tnose
used thing which are now
worthless to you.
Look over today’s Star and
News Want Ad section; you
1 will find it highly interesting
and probably profitable, too.
DIAL 3311
Star-News Classified
ANOTHER $5,000,000,000 DEFENSE PLAN
WILL BE SENT TO CONGRESS NEXT WEEK
BY RICHARD L. TURNER
WASHINGTON, July 3—UR—
Another $5,000,000,000 defense
program—to finance the first
great stride toward a 50,000
plane air force and to buy
tanks and guns in mass pro
duction quantities — is to be
laid before congress next week.
. . .The plan was approved to
day by President Roosevelt
and his immediate lieutenants
of the defense organization. It
approved by congress, It will
run the session’s-total defense
authorizations and appropria
tions above $10,000,000,000.
Mr. Roosevelt talked the pro
gram over with his advisors,
while the senate naval com
mittee was voting 9 to 5 to
approve the nomination of Col.
Frank Knox as his secretary
of the navy, the second of two
republican cabinet appointees
to receive committee endorse
ment in as many days.
On behalf of the commit'ee
majority, a statement was is
SHr^ i«at the group would
have withheld its approval if
it had found Knox to be an
“interventionist.” Question
ing had revealed him to be in
favor of "moral and econom
ic” aid to the Allies by Ameri
can citizens and not by the
American government, the
statement said. It added that
he was opposed to any action
whieh would involve this coun
try in the war.
On the senate floor, Senator
Barkley (D-Ky) announced
i that the Knox nomination, and
. I
that of Henry L. Stimson as
secretary of war — approved
of the galleries, Senator Con
mittee—would be brought up
next Monday. To the applause
of the galleries, Sena or Con
nally (D-Tex) objected to the
delay, asserting “the senators
were elected to do business.”
After approving the Knox
nomination, the committee
considered and approved a
house bill ac homing the ex
(Continued on Page Five; CoL 2)
' i .
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