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famous french .
fort is seized .Gibraltar Of The fihone’ Fal|s And Flag Is Replaced AVith Nazi Banner BERN. SWITZERLAND, July 4 ^France's "Gibraltar of the "" „.-> _ The last French foi l tjhone to be flying the tricolor, - Id by a well-armed and well .anned garrison— fell yesterdav. e,wPP disclosed tonight. ' The French flag was hauled , n from the captured bastion. 00r, Be L’Ecluse, atop a 1,000-foot ■°.g 0ver the Rhone river gorges 'ear Bellegarde. and a Nazi Swas !L was hoisted. The German banner was brought . aaain at noon, however, when vazi forces abandoned the fort Several French units, cut off , m communication with their government, fought on for several Lys after the armistice. Tiie day before the cease-fire nrljer was given, strong German forces attacked but were driven beck with a loss of several tanks. Since then, the Germans sent neutral emissaries to the fort from Bellegarde almost daily demand ing that the French garrison of 300 surrender. The garrison, cut off from com plications for 10 days.refused. finitely. Yesterday the Germans sent an other warning that they would at tack, and moved 1.000 men, tanks and filed guns into position. The garrison then surrendered without a fight and left the fort carrying the French flag. The sol diers marched into Bellegarde sing ing. They carried no arms. 2 Mrs. Flynn, Of Currie, Dies In Hospital Here Mrs. F, P. Flynn, of Currie, died in a local hospital yesterday after noon afte'- a short illness . Funeral services will be held from pie heme of her brothel-, J. A. Dew, ,f r'H|Ti» with whom she made her home. Saturday afternoon at 4 unlock. Interment will follow in the Flynn cemetery. i-lie is survived by one son. B. S. Flynn■ iliree daughters. Mrs. Pearl linos. Mrs. \Y. L. Squires, of Currie, and Mrs. YV. A. Simon, of Wilming i n: one brother, .1. A. Dew, and one .inter. Miss Pinkie Dew. of Currie. Interpreting The War (Continued From Cage One) ^nyon terms that Churchill and i' thCal!me deemed a knife thrust m the back of its British ally. That part of France is now also ornrartuWlt^ England under the order the Petain ministry issued ° i1.t.s ufleet to fight its way through British naval forces to French home ports for internment. A hand ful of French fighting ships made their escape in an action that Churchill himself said demonstrat ed French valor. Yet the net result of what Bri tain s war leader called the most I gnm and somber” decision of' nis career—the order that turned British guns on resisting French naval units—is clear even if de tails of the tragic battles are in complete. There remains no French fleet. The bulk of what was yesterday the second fleet in Europe, the fourth in strength among world navies, is now a part of Britain's navy; as it is destroyed or crip pled. It is no longer a potential factor that under German and Italian con trol could be used to deal Britain a mortal blow. Whatever the fight-, ing value of the French naval, units that are under British con trol—and that value is definitely limited—they must now be rated as an asset for Britain in the hour of her extremity. supplement Fower They supplement the power of the royal navy upon which rest Britain’s hopes of escaping the fate of France, of beating off German-Italian attack despite the terrific odds against her. That was the immediate purpose oL the British war leadership. But Ihere was clearly another reason for the stern British action. It was designed to sound the knell of vag rant peace rumors that have tan talized (the world. Nor can there be much question (that there was a definite purpose in British timing of the stroke to synchronize with American cele bration of the fourth of July. Chur chill’s words specifically made it clear that it was to American pub lic opinion he was appealing to judge British action in the light of broken French commitments and , the terrible added danger in which England was placed by the dubious status of the French fleet. He coupled with that, however, the reiterated assurance to this country and the world that Britain intends to fight on, and that there is no disagreement within the 3ritish tvar cabinet on that course. “The lies and rumors that we have some intention of entering into negotiation with the Italian and German governments should be completely swept out of exis tence by the very grievous, drastic action we have felt ourselves com pelled to take,” he said. ‘There is no talk of peace here.’ There is also implicit in British action against the French fleet and in Churchill’s- repudiation of back - stage peace whispering in England, another matter of sign ificance for American ears. Brit ain’s war leader has virtually pledged his government to fight on against Germany even if England itself falls. That was the course London vainly besought France to follow. It obviously means a retreat of the British government and fleet German-Ltalian siege or invasion. That would bring Europe's war into this hemisphere. It would make imperative an American decision as to whether American resources and facilities are to be placed at the disposal of Britain’s fleet to insure its continued domination oi the North Atlantic while this coun try arms against any eventuality. 2 FAR EAST ISSUE BEFORE AMERICA * (Continued From Cage One) leaders watched with growing con cern Japan’s moves to squeeze foreign interests out of the Orient. They remained silent on a Jap anese naval spokesman’s assertion today that abandonment by the United States of “unwarrantable interference with and obstruction of” Japan’s policies on the far eastern continent was needed to relieve concern there over Ameri can-Japanese relations. The American stand was inter preted in a different light in in formed quarters here and then* was no apparent disposition to meet, at this time, any of the con ditions Japan demanded. Despite fears about the safety of the western hemisphere. United States policy toward the Far East remained unaltered by any official declarations or even indications. That policy, as enunciated in a note to Japan two and a half years ago under world conditions much less critical than today was: A refusal to recognize Japan’s right "to prescribe what shall be the terms and conditions of a 'new order’ in areas not under its sov ereignty and to constitute itself the repository of authority ai.d the agent of destiny in regard thereto.” But how long it can be main tained under new conditions de pended on many factors, chief of which was the ability of Britan to repel invasion and keep its power ful fleet. With that fleet in German Italian hands, withdrawal of the United States fleet from the Pacific might become necessary, giving Japan a free hand to force control over east Asia. Thus Japan appeared to be wait ing. like the United States, on Eu ropean developments before going “all out” on .enforcement of the new “Asiatic' ivfonroe Doctrine” but meanwhile moving step by step toward the day when perhaps it could be done without serious risks. 1 BUND LEADER AND OTHERS ARRESTED (Continued From Fage One) the men permitted “an unlawful assemblage of three or more persons and did permit utter ance of speeches, sale of litera ture, display of emblems and of uniforms which counselled, pro moted or advocated hatred, vio lence or hostility against any group or groups of persons re siding in the state, because of race, religion or creed.” The men were taken to the county courthouse at Newton for the hearing and hundreds of camp visitors packed into the chamber. Some of the men 'yore brown bund shirts. Later most of them returned to Camp Nordland for picnic luncheons. But the scheduled speeches, which were to have featured the opening of the camp for the summer sehson, were called off. On a camp hill there had been erected for the day a huge full length picture of George Wash ington, draped with Ameriean flags. The law under which the men were arrested carries maximum penalties of three years in pris on of $5,000 fine or both. CAROL FORMS NEW REGIME IN BID FOR GERMAN AID (Continued From Fage D||p) eminent, including Gigurtii, the government which was dismissed by King Carol after less than two months in office in 1938. 2. Carol, included the German Minister Fabricius in his confer ences with political leaders today. 3. Hans Otto Roth, leader of the Transylvanian Germans, is in th new cabinet as minister of minor ities. He is known as anti-Hun garian, and foreign diplomats here surmise he was picked to strength en Carol’s bid for German support against Hungarian claims on Transylvania. 4. British oil men, deemed likely to destroy British-owned Rumanian wells rather than see the oil go to Germany, were ordered to leave the country within 24 hours, but to night it was learned that this order had been temporarily suspended after intervention by the Britisn legation. The legation argued that the men should have more time to arrange for their families and property. Increasingly violent anti-semttic disorders and vigorous government measures against Jews were re garded as imminent. There were reports that Jews were already fleeing lightly-policed provinces, where anti-semitie riots continued with numerous deaths mil injuries. WEATHER) (Continued From Fagc One) YORU, July 4.—(A5)—Weather conditions and low and high tempera lures in 2« United States cities todnv were: Albany, clear _ 59 o« Baltimore, rain _ 5S 75 Boston, partly cloudy_ 59 9/ r’i - 81°* partly cloudy _ 47 72 Chicago. ch‘ar_ 49 xi Cincinnati, clear _ 50 si Cleveland, clear_ 49 7* Dallas, clear _ 95 X* Denver, cloudy _ 59 <■* Detroit, clear _ 50 71 Indianapolis, clear_ 52 SC Jacksonville, cloudy _ 72 S' Kansas City, pastly cloudy __ 5« Hr Miami, cloudv _ 71 9( Milwaukee, clear _“11 51 7' Xew Orleans, clear _ Xew York City, partly clomlv 57 7’ Phoenix, elear_J. 71 115 Pittsburgh, clear _ 52 74 Portland. Me., clear __ 50 or St. Louis, clear _ 52 S‘‘ San Francisco, clear _ 50 77 Tampa, cloudy_ 74 S7 Washington, rain __ 5‘- 7.c RAIN PUTS DAMPER ON HOLIDAY HERE (Continued From Cage One) club braved the elements to hold its annual invitational regatta in Banks’ channel, but few lined the shores of the sound to watch the spectacle. Fewer still went swim ming in the surf. The state highway patrol made preparations to handle a traffic jam on the highways leading to the beaches that did not material ize. A smaller than average line of autos was seen along the roads. Late last night there had been no accidents, drownings. or any other violence reported. The usual minor accidents caused by fire works were also missing. The prac tice of shooting firecrackers on the “glorious Fourth,’’ still holding sway in the north sections of the nation has been practically aban doned here, according to police. Nearly the entire city took a holiday. All city! county, state and federal government offices were closed as well as all stores in the city. The postoffice suspended its window and carrier mail services. All in all, the Fourth, was just another quiet holiday. 1 STATE CELEBRATES RALEIGH, July 4—Iff)—Despite sub-normal temporalures and mir ky skies, North Carolinians trekked to the seashore and mountains to day, celebrating the Fourth of July in traditional holiday fashion. Reports here indicated that the number of accidents was far be low normal. The highway patrol station in Raleigh said it had re ceived only a few calls, and that they were for minor automobile wrecks. Oratory urging preparedness and drawing comparisons between American independence and Euro pean dictatorships sounded at a score or more patriotic celebra tions. Vacationists who headed for the beaches and mountains did so more for the outing than to es cape a heat wave. Actually, the weather was on the cool side— more like a damp fall day than summer. Tweeds and felt hats were seen more often than linens and panamas. H. E. Kichline, head of the Ral eigh weather bureau, said the mean temperature here was 66 de grees. 13 below normal. The high was 71 degrees and the low 61. A mean temperature of 65 degrees was recorded on the Fourth of July here seven years ago, he add ed, but the maximum that day was 76. In general, all business offices and stores were closed, but the Charlotte army recruiting station remained open to enlist young men who might want to recruit on In dependence day. A warning against fifth column ists who might seek to overthrow America’s independence was sounded by Thad Eure, secretary of state, in a speech at a conven tion of superior court clerks in Elizabeth City. Eure urged the clerks to regis ter all aliens in the state and to determine “who did not ipake a lawful entrance here and are re maining unlawfully, never seeking naturalization.’’ 1 NATION NOTES DAY (By the Associated Press) With oratory, picnics and the traditional popping of fire crack ers, America yesterday celebrated the adoption of the document which made it a nation—the Decla ration of Indepence. At Hyde Park, President Roose velt formally donated to the coun try a library to house the collected papers of his forty years in and out of public life. The Roosevelt program then called ,ior a family picnic, with hot dogs as the princi pal item of the menu. Previously, Mr. Roosevelt had dispatched to the council against intolerance in America, a letter appealing for a "declaration of na tional unity.” "I wish there might be formu lated in the heart of every Ameri can on Independence day this year,” he wrote, "a firm determin ation that we should forever ban ish from our minds and thoughts every vestige of racial hatred and religious bigotry.” The national house of represen tatives observed the Fourth with a reading of the declaration of in dependence by Rep. Lewis (D Colo), who observed that those who signed it were "doomed to a felon's death,” if-their cause failed. OFFERS PERSONNEL LONDON, July 4 —M— Canada has offered to supply any addition al personnel required to officer units of the French fleet now in British -hands, the colonial office said tonif’*1* 2 FRANCE IS GIVEN PERMISSION TO SINK ITS SHIPS (Continued From Fage One) off Oran and nearby Mers El is ebir. The British force included an iircraft carrier, three cruisers and i flotilla of smaller vessels, ac cording to the German account. A British bombardment started ‘ires aboard the Dunkerque (or Strasbourg and the Province and the flotilla leader Mogador, DNB reported. The British apparently counted upon plane-laid magnetic mines to help them keep the French bottled up, it was said, but the battleship Strasbourg (or Dunker que) and five flotilla leaders, as well as a number of lesser craft, succeeded in fighting their way through the minefileds and raking gunfire. Apparently these units headed for France. 2 r •. v v< TRADE PROPOSED SANTIAGO. Chile. July 4—f.PI— Au authoritative source said today that Japanese interests had offeree the Chilean government $35,000,00( north of railway equipment—pre sumably German-made — In ex change for Chilean copper and nitrates. The rudder of the British linei Queen Mary weighs 140 tons. HOTKl. COMMOHOKK - Washington, I). 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