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WILMINGTON _ rfUl * Q. _£ Served by Leesed Wire of the -sr - on Hormm j$tar ___ ^ ^ W f v V f State and National News yOL^-NO. 266___ _ WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1940 " ' “T 7 ESTABLISHED 1867 NAZI PEACE FEELERS PREDICTED; BRITISH EXTEND NEUTRAL DIPL OMA TS BELIEVE PEACE MOVE WILL MEET FAILURE FORM NO-MAN’S LAND* Public Ousted From Entire East Coast, Larger Part Of Southern Area HUNT FRENCH VESSELS Final Bitter Dissolution Of Old Allied Partnership Appears Under Way LONDON, July 5—(S’)—In a vast extension of Britain’s "defense area” —her last ramparts against German invasion — the government excluded the public today from the entire Eng lish east coast and substantially all of the southern coast, a 12,000-square mile region. While the creation of this big no man’s land signaled the intensity of preparations for the supreme test. British men-of-war searched the seas for the last fugitive units of the French fleet—and a final bitter dis solution of the old Allied partnership appeared under way because of what already has been done by the British to the bulk of that fleet. Protest Presented In an apparent preliminary to a formal break-off of all diplomatic relations between Britain and France the French charge d’affaires here presented, on orders, a "drastic and stern” protest against the British ac tion against the French fleet in the Mediterranean. The London News-Chronicle’s diplomatic correspondent said it was confirmed officially at Vichy, France, seat of the Marshal Petain govern ment, that France had broken off diplomats relations with Britain. However, no notification of such severance had reached the British foreign office late tonight. This action destroyed or put out of action a 22,000-ton battleship, a 26, 000-ton battle cruiser, a 10,000-ton seaplane carrier and two destroyers. Along with seizure of other ships at Alexandria and in British ports, it made an end to the old French navy as an effective force and destroyed the plan of France to turn it over to Hitler as France had promised to do. Disposition Of Fleet Just how many French war ships remained at large was not discussed officially, but an authoritative source said that at the beginning of this (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5) EARLY EFFORT FAILS Acceleration Of Warfare To Be Followed By Armis tice Hints Is Forecast BRITISH COURT REDS — * English Also Expected To Grant Further Conces sions To The Japanese LONDON, July 6.— <■£>> —(Satur day)—A neutral diplomatic source who has good contacts with both principal . belligerents predicted early today that new German feel ers will be made within three or four weeks. However, he said most neutral diplomats were convinced by “the new British aggressiveness" that any such move would be a failure. He explained that a trial balloon which had been sent aloft by a member of the Spanish cabinet had been exploded by the British seiz ure of most of the French fleet and by Prime Minister Churchill s fighting talk in commons yester day. Hints Forecast Nevertheless, he predicted accel eration of warfare on the diplo matic front as well as in the sea and air—to be followed by peace hints when the British are feeling the strain most. There still are many, he said, who believe that “peace and ap peasement possibilities” never will be definitely ruled out so long as the faction of former prime min ister Chamberlain is as strong in the government as at present. Evidence that the British are strengthening the diplomatic of fensive was seen in Prime Minis ter Churchill’s reception last night of Ivan Maisky, the Russian am bassador—Churchill’s first invita tion to the Soviet envoy since tak ing office. It was understood they talked over the European situation in friendly fashion. Britain, while wooing the Rus (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) GERMANY ASSERTS BLOCKADE SUCCESS Claims Subs, Other Craft Have Sunk Ships Total ing 106,543 Tons BERLIN, July 5—UP)—The Ger man high command reported in creasing success of its counter blockade against Great Britain to day with submarines doing the deadliest work. British merchantmen totaling 106,543 tons have been sunk ‘re cently,” a communique declared. Submarines were credited with 86,000 tons of the total. Dive bombers and torpedo speed boats accounted for the balance. While Germany heralded its suc cesses against British shipping an authoritative source charged that (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) Builders, Repair Men, Attention! If you do good work, and you can handle a tew addi" tional jobs, don’t keep this fact a secret! For as little as 24c a day (SO day contract) you can have a sales message, about your bus iness, distributed to the 50,000 readers of the Star and News. List your qualifications daily in the "Service” Classifications of the Star-News Want Ads, where hundreds of people can get better acquainted with you. Dial 3311 To Start Your Want Ad yi ---—J City, County Approve Plans For Hospital Jo Continue Annual Allot ment Of $30,000 Jo James Walker EXTRA $10,000 VOTED budget Adopted For Asso ciated Charities At Meet Of Commissioners After lengthy arguments pro and con, the city and county commis sioners, in a joint budget meeting yesterday afternoon, finally decided to continue James Walker Memo rial hospital’s annual allotment oi §30,000 for operating expenses plus §10,000 for use in constructing a new wing. The board of managers of the institution had requested that $30, 000 be given for operation and $20, 000 for capital outlay. But on the motion of J. E. L. Wade, city com missioner of public works, the fig ure was reduced, for this year at least, because of the cramped con dition of the budget. t’tt. uucr a X. • upusai Harry Gardner moved that the boards continue their $30,000 allot ment and allot an additional $20, 000 for the building with the pro viso that the hospital’s manage ment be required to take over the operation of the X-ray department and place it in a modem condition. His motion was seconded by L. J. Coleman, new member of the coun ty board. James M. Hall, however, made a substitute motion to the effect that the boards should “have faith in the board of managers” and al low it to operate the X-ray depart ment as it sees fit. Gardner stated he was not in fa vor of “renting out a public insti tution for profit making.” Coleman voiced the same sentiments. George Trask and Hall were op posed to Gardner’s motion. Mayor Thomas E. Cooper pre sided. The discussion was finally ended when Wade made the motion that (Continued on Page Three; Col. 1) EARLIER TOBACCO MART DATE ASKED Robeson County Pomona Grange Wants Sales Start ed Aug. 8, Not Aug. 20 LUMBERTON, July 5.—Aresolu tion petitioning Secretary of Agri culture Wallace to intercede in the interest of an earlier tobacco mar opening date was adopted to djy by the Robeson county Pomo Ea Grange. Tta county farm fraternal or Mation, acting through its execu ;'ve committee, protested against tte late opening date—August 20, *et f°r outh Carolina and Border fjelt markets by the United States obacco Association. Gie Grange predicted that farm rs would suffer “great damage” 'Gontiued on Page Three; Col. 8) JVEATHER v„rf. „ FORECAST 'lishti Carolina: Partly cloudy and Iiart!y domi™^ Saturday* Sunday cr,rl'i nJ-e "-r. ol-Pg 1 ca 1 data for the 24 hours s 7-30 P- m. yesterday). 1 la Temperature it SO.% “a 68; 7:30 a. m. 69; 1:30 p. minim’ ‘ P- m- 75; maximum 82; um bb; mean 74; normal 79. . Humidity a. 57. y.,™- 91; 7:30 a. m. 83; 1:30 p. 01 • 7 ;30 p. m. 72. Total f „ Precipitation 0.02 tLl0J 24i hours ending 7:30 p. m. month „hes, total since first of the ut" °-14 inches. t ./rides For Today *. CmS ^oee?a^les Published by P. st and Geodetic Survey). Wilmington-10lf ^asonboro Inlet_S^S Sunrise a.8:33P 2:22p f:24a- m 3-06a; sunset 7:27p; moonrise a' moonset 8:18p. 'Continued on page Three; Col. 2) ---* Shades Of The Horse Marines! *** “The Horse Marines” was onee Just a gag to Uncle Sam’s sea going soldiers, but now they’ll really be the “Iron Horse Marines.” Pictured in recent demonstration at Indianapolis, Ind., is one of the new five-ton tanks being built for the U. S. Marine Corps. The midget tanks can run around on the deck of a battleship and are designed to accompany landing parties. Rumania’s New Cabinet Suppresses Two Papers REDS BOOST TROOPS Decrees Excluding Jews From Journalism^ Army Are Being Prepared BUCHAREST, July 5—(J>—Ru mania’s new pro-German govern ment suppressed permanently to night, “in the interest of public order,” two democratic Bucharest newspapers, Semnalul and Jurna lul. It likewise was reported that de crees excluding Jews from journ alism and the army were being prepared. Aside from this, the government devoted itself to keeping the na tion tranquil and at work despite reports in other Balkan capitals denied here that Russia was plac ing additional troops in Bessar bia. Seeks Normal Conditions . .The immediate concern of the new cabinet was restoration of more normal conditions after many days of deep unrest. Besides the reports of further Russian encroachments, the Hun garian press continued to charge that troubled conditions prevail in Transylvania, where a substantial Magyar population remains a con stant source of Hungarian concern. With Rumania generally con sidered completely allied now with the Rome-Berlin axis, British cit izens were reported liquidating their interests in anticipation of governmental measures against them. Extension Asked American authorities formally requested the Rumanian govern ment today to grant an extension of stay for three of 30 British oil men ordered to leave the country within 24 hours. Two large American corporations would be directly affected by ex pulsion of the three British citi zens, the Rumanian government was informed. The men are William R. Young and Albert A. Luce of the National Supply corporation of New York, one of the largest firms dealing in oil machinery in the Balkans, and Harry Wist of Refoil, incorporated, an oil company. A government communique to (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) Rumanian Fleet Units Take Up Patrol Duty BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, Ju ly 5.—OR—Diplomatic circles learned here tonight that sev eral units of the Rumanian fleet had left Constanta on pa trol duty. This was associated with re ports that the Soviet navy was planning a surprise action along the Dobrujan coast against the Bosporus. These same circles also were informed that banks in Con stanta had moved all cash to Bucharest. Some officials of the maritime bureau and their families also have gone to Bucharest. (The Rumanian Black Sea fleet consists of four destroy ers and a number of smaller boats.) DETECTIVES PROBE N. Y. FAIR BLAST Seek To Connect Theft Of 39 Sticks Of Dynamite With Large Bomb NEW YORK, July 5— <£>) —Grim, tired-eyed detectives, in relentless mood, tonight sought to connect the theft of 39 sticks of dynamite with a bomb which blasted two of their comrades to death yesterday soon after it had been hustled from its hiding place in the New York World's Pair British pavilion. The dynamite was stolen May 29 at gun’s point from a magazine guarded by a watchman for a syna gogue excavation. Investigators said the weight and size of the dynamite sticks approxi mated the weight—20 pounds—of the bomb explosive. Police Commissioner Lewis J. Val entine described the bomb as a “dynamite shrapnel” type which was powerful enough to have blown asunder a wall of the pavilion. Meanwhile, as police continued their roundup of all known radicals in an unprecedented effort to track (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) ■-* Annual Arms Bill Of Three Billion Seen Senator Clark Announces His Opposition To Frank Knox And Stimson MAINTENANCE COSTLY Solons Expect It To Sur pass That Figure For Next Seven Years WASHINGTON, July 5—(A5— Whether war or peace lies ahead, congressional sources estimated today, the country’s national de fense bill will run to more than $3,000,000,000 annually from now on and a good deal more than that for the next seven years. In the period just ahead, the projected two-ocean navy with its $4,000,000,000 expansion of the fleet, is to be under construction and the army is to be buying planes, tanks, guns and other equipment in huge quantities, as well as increasing its personnel to a total strength of 375,000 men. / High Maintenance Cost With the army and navy fully equipped, it was said, there will be a maintenance cost of as much' as $1,800,000,000 annually for the navy and $850,000,000 for the army. On top of these outlays, a third set of locks for the Panama canal has been authorized and such pro posals as a second canal through Nicaragua and compuslory mili tary training are pending. In hearings before the senate military committee today, senator Johnson (D-Colo) estimated the cost of compulsory military train ing at $1,200,000,000 a year, on a basis of 2,000,000 trainees annually at a cost of $600 each. While the capital speculated on these figures, other developments related to the defense situation arose. Senator Clark (D-Ida) announced his opposition to confirming Frank Knox as secretary of the navy and Henry L. Stimson as secretary of war. It was “travesty” he said, to place “two aging, wealthy, politi cian interventionists in these posi tions.” The senate, meanwhile, met briefly and adjourned until Monday when the question of confirmation is scheduled for consideration.' Confirmation Predicted Majority Leader. Barkley said the two republicans named to the cabinet would be confirmed by easy majorities, but that the senate would have to listen to some speeches before acting. The defense commission an nounced that Dr. Will W. Alex ander, until recently head of the farm security administration, would become one of its aides, in charge of planning a youth train ing program to meet defense re quirements. He is to have the task of coordinating the work of the C. C. C., the National Youth ad ministration, the Office of Educa ion and other youth training agen cies. Officials noted a sharp upturn in trade with South America—at a time when a $1,000,000,000 system of controlling western hemisphere exports and imports is under con sideration as a means of combat ting totalitarian economic penetra tion. State Department S erves Notice It Will Uphold Monroe Doctrine WASHINGTON, July 15—W) —Confronted with a challeng ing note from Germany call ing the United States govern ment’s interpretation of the Monroe doctrine “untenable,” the state department today served notice anew that it would uphold the doctrine and, in addition, virtually threaten ed to oust any German diplo mats in this country who pub licly discussed American pol icy. The latter action was evoked by the fact that Baron Edgar von Spiegel, the German con sul general at New Orleans, had been quoted in the press as saying that Germany would not forget the aid given her enemies by this country. A state department an nouncement said it appeared the consul general thought he was not speaking for publica tion and that it was “perhaps due to a misunderstanding” that publication resulted. “The matter has been taken up with the German embassy here,” said the announcement, and it has been pointed out that public discussion of ques tions relating to this country’s policies and attitudes does not properly come within the prov* i -■w ince of foreign government of ficials in the United States.” Then the department added pointedly that permission granted to foreign government officials to remain in this country is dependent upon ob servance of this rule. The exchange concerning the Monroe doctrine grew out of the United States’ action in in forming the reich on June IS that it would not ‘recognize” nor "acquiesce” in any trans fer of western hemisphere ter ritory from one non-American power to another. This amount Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) ■— --—-_* Advertising Outlook *Highly Optimistic* For Remainder Of *40 NEW YORK, July 5.—UP)— A “highly optimistic’’ outlook for advertising during the rest of the year was reported to night by Editor & Publisher after interviewing a score of prominent advertising agency executives. The magazine said several agencies reported their clients to be increasing advertising appropriations while all of them stated their clients “gen erally were maintaining sched ules.” The huge defense program of the government, said Editor & Publisher, “is the basic factor creating business optimism. Advertisers expect it to in crease payrolls, thus creating great buying power. “One agent stated, ‘all of our clients have increased their ap propriations in the last 60 days.’ another said, ‘our volume is ahead of any year in our 17 years in business’.” GERMANS CONTINUE RAIDS ON ENGLAND Two Craft Reported To Have Dropped Bombs On Northeastern Section LONDON, July 6—(Saturday)— (3>i—Keeping up their nightly for ays, German warplanes attacked Great Britain again last night and early today. First reports told of no damage. The air ministry in a brief com munique said enemy aircraft cross ed the coast during the night and anti-aircraft defenses went into ac tion. Two German bombers were heard over northeast England early to day. They were reported to have dropped bombs but it was believed all bombs fell in open country. Other reports said German raid ers dropped incendiary bombs on southeast England. German bombers raided some coastal sections of southwest Eng land, Yorkshire and the Kent coast yesterday, but were declar ed by the air ministry to have done only slight damage. The ministry said ‘‘a few per sons” were slightly injured in the southwest, and mads no mention of any fatality. It was reported unofficially, however, that a bomb splinter killed a British soldier who had gone unhurt through the Norwe gian campaign. BOMBERS ATTACK GIBRALTAR FORT ... - Several Bombs Fall But Ma jority Drop Into Sea; No Casualties Reported GIBRALTAR, July 5.—<J>)—Thc first air raids of the war were made today on the great British fortress of Gibraltar, the western key to the Mediterranean. Several bombs fell, but most of them dropped into the sea, and there were no casualties. (A Madrid radio broadcast heard in London asserted that it had been “established” that the raiding planes were French. British sources would not comment. (Across the bay from Gibraltar, in Algeciras, Spain, it was report ed that three British cruisers, dam aged off Oran in Wednesday’s Brit ish attack on the French Medi terranean fleet, had landed the bodies of 30 British seamen killed in the action. (It was also reported in Alge ciras that a French armed vessel escaped from Gibraltar today de spite the presence there of the most powerful of all warships, the mighty British battle cruiser Hood.) Norwegians Are Seeking To Organize New Regime STOCKHOLM, July 6—(Saturday) — (JO —The newspaper Dagens Nyheter reported today from Oslo that leading Norwegians are en deavoring to form some sort of permanent government to operate in conjunction with German authorities. The government presumably would assume the functions of the adminis tration of King aakon, who is now in England, _¥ British Blockade Of French Isle In West Indies Is Reported WASHINGTON, July 5.—(/P) Secretary of State Hull declin ed comment today on unoffi cial reports that Britain was establishing a virtual blockade around the French island of Martinique, in the West In dies, to prevent movement of any French naval units or planes from there. Hull said his information on the situation was incomplete but indicated it was being stud ied, and, meanwhile, withheld any opinion as to its possible implications for American neu trality. It was reported in diplomatic quarters that British destroy ers, carrying out the British attempt to seize the French fleet and keep it out of Ger many’s hands, had moved into the vicinity of Martinique to I pounce upon any ships emerg ing from there. BRITISH WATCHING FRENCH WARSHIPS Navy Makes Pledge To See That None Leave Alex andria To Surrender ALEXANDRIA, Egypt, July 5.— UP)—The British pledged them selves tonight to see that “no French ships shall ever leave Alexandria to surrender to the enemy.” With one French battleship, four cruisers and a number of smaller craft swinging at anchor in mel ancholy bondage off this British naval base, the situation was tense. British naval authorities ac-' knowledged they did not know what the French warship comman ders would decide to do; they said the French vsjere “deeply affected” by the fate of the French warships and men which were sunk or pounded to wreckage by the Brit ish Wednesday off Algeria when they tried to escape to sea. But, the British added, the sit uation is “well in hand.” The French commanders have been advised formally by the Brit (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) F.D.R.SaysDisarmament Only Way To Real Peace BY DOUGLAS B. CORNELL HYDE PARK, N. Y., July 5—(* —President Roosevelt suggested to day that world powers, now pour ing billions into war machines, must dump their armaments onto the scrap heap if a lasting peace is to be secured, and contrasted the American way of government with that of the totalitarian powers. The first essential for a perman ent peace listed by Mr. Roosevelt was freedom from fear, for, he said, people must not live in fear of being bombed from the air or attacked by another nation. He conceded that what he term ed a corporate state, like Ger many or Italy or Russia, coul3 operate more efficiently than a democracy, and added that he was sorry to say some Americans seem to favor such a state because of this. Mr. Roosevalt started this dis cussion himself in a press confer ence and said he wanted to remind those who apparently favored such a government that the system has scrapped two safeguards to de mocracy—the legislature and the judiciary. On the subject of fear, the presi dent said the United States was (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) Interpreting The War BY KIRKE L. SIMPSON A formal break in relations be tween the Petain government ol France and Britain would be ar anti-climax gesture which Londor might well ignore or attribute toe orders of France’s master, Hitler It could have no bearing on Bri tain’s fate in her war with Ger many and Italy unless it was im plemented by a fantastic alliance in arms between defeated France and her Nazi conquerors. Whatever Germany’s hopes ol ultimately drawing Continental France wholly into the Nazi-Fas ist ideological and military orbit, it is improbable that she would dare now to permit France to re arm. Generations of French hatred and fear of Germany have been fanned into fresh life by defeat and the gruesome French casualty lists of this war. Rather than arming France, Germany must be on guard against that smouldering menace. There can be no question, even in Nazi minds, that a turn of the battle odds against Germany would stir rumblings of revolt everywhere in the vast territory she has seized (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) l V t