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Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-New* At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Department* DIAL 3311 Entered a* Second Class Matter at Wilming ton. N. C„ Postoffiee Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879__ Subscription Rates bt Carries Payable Weekly or In Advance^ Btar Netct tion 1 Week «w...1^0 i y "::::::::‘iU ™<> iA Newt rates entiUe subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-Newt_ ”Bt 11 aii Payable Strictty in Adranee Combmo Btar Netct Mon , .J .75 * .50 2 -90 l 2.00 1.50 2.75 fi Months .400 8-00 660 1 Year^18. g,00 6.00 10.00 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News__ (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month.J .50 6 Months .*3.00 3 Months. UP 1 Year . (Sunday Only) 1 Month.* .20 6 Months .»l-25 3 Months.65 12 Months . 2-60 The Associate® Pbess is entitled to the exclusive use of all news Itories appearing in The Wilmington Star SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1940 Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from WrightsviUe Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits. 35-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained-yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one, county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. TOP O’ THE MORNING Thou must be true thyself. If thou the truth wouldst teach! Thy soul must overflow, if thou Another's soul wouldst reach; It needs the overflow of heart To give the lips full speech —BONAR. THE DEMOCRATIC NOMINATION As the day for opening the democratic na tional convention at Chicago draws near specu lation grows on the question of candidates. Washington just now is ago over a rumor that President Roosevelt has decided to he a can didate and has named Secretary of State Hull as his running mate. Many party members will immediately ac cept the rumor as an established fact, and democrats, with few exceptions, will agree that such a slate would not only be acceptable to the convention but to the vast majority of Ameri can voters as well. But it must be remem bered that President Roosevelt has given the rumor no support. He still maintains his studied silence on the nomination or, when compelled to answer direct questions on the subject, skillfully avoids a direct answer. The matter is as mucn up m ine air now as wnen first broached. Only when he decides the pro per time has arrived for a declaration will Mr. Roosevelt let his views and wishes be known. There is, however, one point on which we may base a conclusion. It is that the demo cratic convention will nominate the ticket, and only the ticket, which Mr. Roosevelt approves. His position is unique in American politics. Never before has the question of the third term been so prominent Never in our long national history has the question of national defense been on a similar basis. Never have Americans been confronted with the problem of continuing in office a president whose re election would set aside a cherished tradition because his retirement might handicap rearma ment at a crucial time in our national exist ence. Because the situation Is what it is, the present dominant party needs to employ all its power and judgment at the forthcoming convention. It has, with few exceptions, com plete confidence in the President. With few exceptions, it believes him the one man in the country fitted to carry on the vast prepared ness program which must be pressed to a suc cessful conclusion. It may be sure, whether his decision is to run again or to propose a luccessor, that Mr. Roosevelt will be guided by what he believes will best meet the needs of the people and the government in the troubled years ahea<t J ANGLO-FRENCH BREAK 'T'HERE can be no further doubt that a defi "*■ nite and complete break between Great Britain and the French government headed by Marshal Petaiit is at hand, and may already have come as a result of the naval engage ment between French and British warcraft off Africa. France is broken. It survives at all only with consent of its conqueror. Naturally the French, so terribly beaten in the battles which preceded capitulation, is anxious to avoid fur ther penalties, heavier burdens, and is doing— or its appeasement government is doing—all that it can to save the little that is left of its once great empire. On the other hand, Britain is still free, still hopeful of victory, still put ting up a stiff fight as it awaits the hour of German onslaught in force. The London attitude is that as long as any part of the French navy is afloat it should rally to Britain’s defense. When sections of that navy refused this assistance and sought to comply with the terms of the armistice Hitleb laid down, the British warships in the eastern Mediterranean fired upon them and disabled or sunk most of them. This has so incensed the fuehrer that he has consented that French commanders scuttle their craft, if that is the only means of keeping them out of British hands. Whatever semblances of diplomatic relations existed between the Petain and the Chubchili. governments have been ended and the two countries which entered the war together are now to all intents and purposes enemies. If it is possible to draw any conclusion from these circumstances, it is that however the Battle of France ends, France will remain a vassal state under German domination for many years to come. Even if England should win and force Germany into an unwelcome peace it is not probable, in light of recent events, that she will make the restoration of French independence a part of her peace terms. For her own protection and security she is likely to require Hitleb to return channel and Atlantic ports to France or to a protectorate she herself will set up there, but this is about all that she can be expected to do for her for mer ally. And of course if Hitleb conquers England France will be reduced to complete serfdom. This seems to be the ultimate outcome of the naval engagement in the Mediterranean. It gives that battle deeper significance than the mere sinking of some ships involves. \ THE BALKAN SITUATION The situation in Rumania, and all the Bal kans for that matter, grows more obscure as the days pass. What will transpire there is beyond anyone’s power to guess accurately. We may assume only that the old Rumania and to a large extent the old Balkan area will be forc ed into new allegiances by new masters before peace returns to the world. But whether the major spoils will go to Germany or Russia is a matter of speculation. Italy’s part in the drama just unfolding there is too inconspicuous to dwell upon. Mussolini will get only what the other two dictators give him, and that probably will be the dog’s share of bones after the feast is finished. That Rumania is desperate in face of Rus sian encroachments is manifest in the political moves made at their capital. A new ministry of Nazi type has been set up, in the hope that with its support the German overlord, who seeks to be the lord of all creation, will heed its plea and do something to stop Stalin. Si multaneously, the Moscow government sends new Red forces into Bessarabia—forces far in excess of any need to defend the area Stalin has seized. In the circumstances, it would appear that while Hitleb debates within himself whether to come to Rumania’s aid and possibly weaken his attack on England thereby, Stalin en trenches himself firmly for further incursions, or, if this is not his purpose, then to be pre pared to meet any later efforts by the Germans to drive him back and even to take him on in a separate war. Hitleb, thus far in his career, has succeeded in outsmarting every govern ment that opposed him. That he can also out smart Stalin is still to be proved. BUNDSMEN NABBED Arrest of the German-Amerlcan bund leader and two associates by New Jersey sheriff’s deputies as a bund picnic was getting under way was made on the authority of a state law which bans meetings which promote hatred Bundsmen and other alien sympathizers will claim that the right of free speech has been denied their leaders and it is to be expected that they will make a hard fight to prove this point when the arrested men are brought to trial. In answr to this, the state of New Jersey may well contend that the bund and its spokes men are chiefly interested in breeding con tempt for Ameroian democratic institutions, and that sedition in any form is unlawful. The burden of the prosecution will be to prove that it was the Intention of the men under arrest to promote hatred of these American institu tions at the picnic which deputies unceremo niously interrupted and not to defend the state’s law which is founded on common sense and good judgment. All too frequently alien organizations are able to wriggle out of tight corners on techni calities and in consequence enjoy unwarranted liberty to spread their harmful doctrines. Be cause of American guarantees of free speech they managed to violate the spirit if not the letter of our statutes. The constitution, nor the common law, gives the open seditionist no immunity. If the bund leaders are proved to have overstepped the bounds of propriety, de cency and the respect due the government, they should be given the punishment prescribed for their offense, and no technical defense should be permitted to stand in the way. WASHINGTON DAYBOOK WASHINGTON, July 5.—Being appointed to high office by executives of the Democratic party is nothing new to Republican Henry Lewis Stimson. , He has been honored by every President from Roosevelt to Roosevelt. Only in Presi dent Harding’s administration did he not hold high office and even then he was mentioned for cabinet and legal posts. The appointment of Stimson as Secretary oi War isn’t even the first time that F. D. R. has recognized the talents of the man who had nothing to do with politics until he was 4( years old. In 1938, Roosevelt named him tc the Hague Court and, on another occasion, ask ed him to be one of two men on an importani treaty mission to South America. So certain must Stimson have.been that h< would come back to Washington some day, tha‘ he never relinquished ownership of historic Woodley, a lovely old house on a 16-acre estate at 300 Cathedral Avenue. The rambling ole mansion of pre-Civil war construction wa: bought by Stimson when he was Secretary o: State under President Hoover. It used to be the summer White House of President Cleve land. * * * He Rode Into Politics It’s only a stone’s throw from the spot ir Rock Creek park where Stimson actually gal loped into politics. Elihu Root and Presideni Teddy Roosevelt were out for an early morn ing horseback ride. Root saw Stimson riding across the creek and remarked to the Presi dent that he probably would be a good man fo; the post of district attorney in New York The President said, “Call him over.” Roo hailed Stimson and the latter, disregarding the steep bank, dashed into the creek a breakneck pace, caught up his horse as he stumbled in midstream and brought him lath ering and rearing up the near bank. T. R. cried, “Magnificent horsemanship! Magnificent!” and without further ceremonj asked him to take the New York federal pro secuting job. Stimson probably is the only Secretary oi War (he also held the post under Taft) grad uated from the Army War College. Before that, however, in the World War, as colonel, he was appointed to the judge ad vocates’ division. Then, although over 50, he was assigned to command in the 31st field ar tillery where he served for the duration and got decorations from both Britain and France. After he returned he checked in at the war college and completed the super-super army courses that are the last word in military tac tics. ft ft ft His Parret And Goat When things calm down, I’m going to take a run out to Woodley and find out whatever became of “Old Soak” and “William Hamil ton Bones.” Probably no man ever had twc pets who were better known than “Old Soak,” the parrot who spoke Chinese, English and an Irish brougue and could swear like a marine in all three languages; and “Billy Bones,” the goat who would butt a mile for a package of any kind of cigarettes. Stimson brought them back with him from the Philippines in 1929. “Old Soak” came through with feathers unruffled, but “Billj Bones” ran into trouble with immigration au thorities and it took practically an act of Con gress to get him through the customs. “Old Soak” got along all right in the Unitec States, too, picking up his Irish brogue from a caretaker on the Stimson’s Long Island es tate. It was only in the presence of ladies that “Old Soak” cut up in a fashion to embar rass his master, interspersing his Chinese anc Irish with oaths that he never could have learned at Woodley. “Billy Bones” didn’t fare so well. His inor dinate fondness for cigarettes got him down He fell into the habit of chasing everyone who carried a package and if he caught them he ate right through the pocket. At l#st re port, he had been exiled to a Maryland farm That was nearly ten years ago and nothin; has been heard here of parrot or goat since I’m going to find out about them. Folks like “Old Soak” and “Billy Bones” shouldn’t be allowed to drop out of the news like that. Editorial Comments From Other Angles CONTROL OR SUICIDE (Raleigh News And Observer) The News and Observer has always recog nized the validity of objections to compulsor; crop control as a permanent policy. At thi same time it has been apparent for a numbe: of years that the amount of land suitable fo: the production of flue cured tobacco is capa ble of producing a crop so far in excess of thi demand that the size of the crop must be con trolled in some manner if farmers are to re ceive a fair price. That control can be ei fected through only three methods, voluntar; reductions, compulsion or starvation prices so low as to make the production of tobacci unattractive. North Carolina growers have learned abou all three methods through experience. Th voluntary method, vastly preferable in theor; to the other two, was last tried in 1939. De spite the advantage of government subsidie in the form of soil conservation payments, el forts to limit the crop to reasonable propoi tions through that method resulted in disma failure. The crop was by far the largest o: record and a surplus which had been held t reasonable proportions in previous year through compulsory control was increased t an unmanageable size in a single year. On the other hand, control has produce satisfactory, although not perfect results i each year in which it has been in operation. It seems clear that under normal condition compulsory control for flue cured tobacc would be desirable so long as cotton an other cash crops adaptable to the same lan sell at low prices—unless or until North Care lina farmers are educated to a general a< ceptance of the practice of balanced farminj But North Carolina tobacco growers are nc now faced by normal conditions. In additio tu tue uuge auiyius uedicu uy 1 their own acts, they have, through war conditions, been deprived of 1 a large share of the usual demand ' for flue cured tobacco. In 1939, ’ disaster for flue cured tobacco ‘ growers was averted by the ac 5 tion of the Federal government in financing the crop at reasonable " prices. That aid was extended in 1 consideration of a vote by the 1 growers to apply compulsory con 5 trol methods in 1940. 3 On July 20, growers will again 5 vote on control. This time the question of control for the next 1 three years will be presented. 1 Further extension of Federal aid hinges upon the result of that 5 vote. Even without the loss of ^ European markets, control would i be desirable for the next three 1 years because of other considera J tions. i- In the face of world conditions :. tobacco growers will be confront t ed on July 20 by a simple choice, i That choice is control or suicide. Man About Manhattan By G«orge Tucker NEW YORK, July 5.—The little man with the wistful face and the baggy pants has not always had his share of luck from those who control the destinies of the chil dren of Broadway. Trooping into stage doors glowing with hope and trooping out again with blasted dreams is not a novel experience for Jimmy Savo. No one can re member when the critics have nol written well of him, but somehow his luck has been to be assigned to plays that have seldom "wowed ’em” at the box office. For this reason one of the greatest, if not the greatest, pantomime artists in the whole length and breadth of the American theater is little known away from Broadway. \ But maybe 1940, with its car nage and wars, its horrors and famines and political upheavals, will come through with a new coin of luck for Jimmy Savo. He is in Maine now trying out a new musi cal comedy show that he owns himself—and he will bring it to Broadway this summer. Inquire after this show and he will tell you “It’s a one-man revue, full length, and its title is “H/Tnm’s the Word.” * * * A suggestive title, this. The Savo ; style is pantomime, not sound. | Charlie Chaplin calls him the , “greatest pantomimist in the world,” and perhaps he is. His ap peal is pathos. Other comedians make you laugh. Just as often Savo makes you want to weep. Ben Hecht and Charles MacAr thur once wrote a scenario and then filmed a picture with Savo as the star. It was the story of a little Russian hero hobo who wan ■ dered through France, finding ■ trouble wherever he turned, and the final fadeout had him trudging ; down a country road in his baggy ; pants and his over-flowing shirt, ; hurt but not down, a wisp of cheer i shining through eyes that in any one else would be dimmed in dis illusionment. As a finished product it was not a good picture. There were obvi ous theatrical flaws. But moments in it rank, in this observer’s opin ion, with the best patho-comedy ever put on film. You must not imagine, from the foregoing, that Jimmy has not made money, and that he is not able to get jobs, or that he is on relief. You don’t own Broadway revues when you are broke. But only occasionally, since the days when he was worrying his mother half to death as a kid praticing ledgerdemain on her, juggling soup spoons, or attempting to bal ance the kitchen stove on his chin, has he come into the rewaXs he deserves. In Broadway restaurants Savo is as shy, as Paul Kunasz says, as a Disney deer. He seems uneasy in crowds. This isn’t true at all times. It is only that the gift of panto mime, which alwhys has reflected a wistful sort of pathos, makes him appear that way. In “Mum’s the Word,” Savo will sing one song—a special number written for him by the great mu sical comedy song writing team of Rogers and Hart. Otherwise he will be in pantomime—first as a Swedish maiden, then, in this or der, as a hospital orderly, a lonely hunchback, a character from Mo liere, a spirited Pocohontas in a war dance, a Chinese concert sing er, a sentimental laundress, and last, as Eve. I don’t know how long this show will last, or what Broadway will think of it, but if there is only one person I would like^to see get all the breaks that anybody can get on a break-queer street like Broad way, it is this same shy little Italian - American in the baggy pants. 1 Hoey Expected To Resume Law Practice At Shelby RALEIGH, July 5—W—Governor Hoey probably will return to his home-town of Shelby to resume his law practice after his term expires in January, 1941. For the last three and a half years, the governor had been shunting aside questions as to his plans as a private citizen by an - swering: , “That’s something I’m not go ing to think about until the last : six months of my term as gov : ernor.” : His term now has six months tg . run, and Governor Hoey said to x day he had “started thinking about that.” He added that his ' tentative plans were to return to - Shelby, and to practice there and . in neighboring cities of Asheville, r Charlotte and Gastonia. 1 “HELP!” NLA Service, lot Hollywood Sights And Sounds 1 ■ '1 jj By Robbim Coons m< — HOLLYWOOD, July 5.—“All This, and Heaven Too.” Screenplay by Casey Robinson from- novel by Rachel Field. Directed by Anatole Litvak. Principals: Bette Davis, Charles Boyer, Jeffrey Lynn, Barbara O’Neil, Virginia Weid ler, Helen Westley, Walter Hampden, Henry Daniell, Har ry Davenport, George Coulour is, Montagu Love, Janet Beech er, June Lockhart, Ann Todd, Richard Nichols, Fritz Leiber, Ian Keith. Miss Field’s best-seller had so many readers that comment on the story is needless. The film ver sion deals in the main with her heroine’s life in France and mere ly suggests the latter portion of the book dealing with her interest ing but undramatic days in Ameri ca. This life in France—in 1849 dur ing the reign of Louis Philippe— gives Miss Davis as the quiet gov erness Henrietta Deluzy Desportes opportunity for a dramatic per formance totally lacking in the “tricks” so objectionable to those outside the Davis cult of worship pers. Miss Davis seizes the oppor tunity to deliver her best and in every way most impressive work. Although the settings beautifully recreate the feel of the period, “All This, and Heaven Too’’ al ways is a story of human conflict. From the moment the governess obtains her position in the house hold of the Due de Praslin (Boyer) she is entangled in the ultimate tragedy incipient there. The jeal ous, neurotic wife (O’Neil), the lonely husband, the bright children to whom Henrietta brings under standing and kindness, form a powerful milieu for drama. Out oi the situation, the denouement—one of France’s most sensational mur ders—works logically, inevitably, climax piling upon climax for a tense and deeply moving film. Script, direction and perform ance go hand in hand in tasteful and delicate projection of plot and character. Delicacy is especially notable in the treatment of the deep, always platonic love that grows between Henriette and the Due. Boyer makes the Due a con vincing character, but second only to Miss Davis is Barbara O’Neil, playing another unbalanced wife to Boyer (her first was in “When Tomorrow Comes”). The children are a remarkable quartette, with Richard Nichols as Raynald the most delightful moppet in years. * * * “The Mortal Storm.” Mar garet Sullavan, James Stew art, Robert Young, Frank Mor gan, Robert Stack, Bonita Granville, Irene Rich, William T. Orr, Maria Ouspenskaya. Here is a beautifully done, un embittered picture of what Hitler ism can do to human relations. The family in question has a “non Aryan” father wed to an "Aryan” mother with two children by a previous marriage, two (Sullavan and Gene Reynolds) by the second. They live in Germany. Under the impact of Nazi ideology, the fam ily is wrecked — heartbreakingly, poignantly, inevitably. Heavy fare for these days, but heartily rec ommended for its sheer power, for its splendid performances notably by Young, Morgan, Sullavan. Frank Borzage directed. * * * “The New Moon.” Jeanette MacDonald - Nelson Fddy. Di rected by Robert Z. Leonard. Just what the doctor ordered for relaxation and escape. The tuneful old operetta keeps all its tunes (“Lover, Come Back to Me,” “One Kiss,” “Marianne,” etc.) and much of its old, stage-y story about the French aristocrat posing as a bondsman in the service of the lovely heroine down New Or leans way. Slow at times but on the whole beguiling. 1 FRENCH FLEET LONDON, July 5— UP) —The portion of the French fleet in Alexandria harbor is compar atively small, a usually relia ble source said today. The disposition of the French fleet at the beginning of the week was reported approxi mately this: One third in British ports. One third at Oran. One sixth at Casablanca. One sixth at Alexandria. Two units of the French navy now are in Scottish waters, it was said. Other authoriiative circles in London said that some French vessels under construction in northern France were towed to Britain with skilled work men aboard. 1 Rev. Eubank Returns To Sunset Park Home The Rev. W. Hampton Eubank, of Wilmington, evangelist for the Presbyterian Synod of North Caro lina, has returned from Angier, where he conducted a 10-day evan gelistic meeting. He will be at his home, 16 Wash ington street, in Sunset Park, for the next few days. Britain Orders Many War Materials In U. S. NEW YORK, July 5—UP)—A spokesman for the British purchas ing commission said today the British government had placed orders for $100,000,000 of war ma terials in the United States in the last week. The new buying, he said, brought the total placed here by the Brit is-, and the French previous to their surrender, to $1,800,000,000. Of that amount, it was stated, 60 per cent represented airplanes "with ordnance next volume.” Plumbing Contractors Will Meet At Beach North Carolina plumbing contrac tors will meet at Wrightsville Beach July 26-27 for the annual conven tion of the North Carolina Asso ciation of Plumbing and Heating Contractors, Inc. ARMISTICE TERM BERLIN, July 5—(#)—DNB, the official German news agency, stated tonight that in accordance with the armistice terms the French government had an nounced trat no French subject may enlist in armed forces against Germany. The penalty is life im prisonment or death 1 TERMS OF OFFICE ARE NOT FIXED Food Stamp Workers Here Are To Hold Office Indefinitely The positions of members of the board which will administer tlia FS'CC food stamp plan of distribut ing surplus commodities, concerning which there was some discussion when Reuben B. Roebuck was ap pointed issuing officer at a joint meeting of the city and county, be came somewhat more secure yes terday morning as the city and county boards met to sign the con tract with the FSCC. At the meeting the question of bonds was raised and John A. Or rell, county auditor, said a term of office should be set for the three employes so the bonds could be written for that period. J. E. Li. Wade, city commissioner of public works, who seconded the nomination of Roebuck at the time he was appointed, moved that the bonds be secured for a one-year period but that there be no term of office set. The men appointed, he said, should not have to be re-appointed each year. Dr. J. M. Hall, county commissioner who nominated Roe buck, said he felt the office should be for an indefinite period "to keep politics out of it. I don’t think a man should be made to secure re election every year,” he said. The contract between the FSCC. the city and the county runs for a period of one year and is subject to cancellation on ten days notice from either party. The bonds are to be $10,000 for Roebuck, the issuing officer; $5,000 for H. TT. Jeter, cashier, and $5,Out) for R. C. Platt, Sr., statistician. They are to be payable half to the city and half to the county. Placement Of Refugee Children Is Planned The United States Committee for the Care of European Children, -15 North Fourth street, New York City, is planning a program for placement of refugee children, Mrs. Ida B. Speiden, executive secretary, Wil mington chapter of the American Red Cross, was advised yesterday. Any residents of Wilmington and vicinity desiring to secure further information on the placement of ref ugee children are urged to write the committee at the New York address or communicate with Mrs. Speidpn, Red Cross office, in the custom house. Freddy MacMillan Dies Of Power House Burns Freddy MacMillan, colored, em ploye of the Tide Water Power com pany, died at James Walker Me morial hospital yesterday afternoon at 1:15 o’clock of burns received at the power house Tuesday morn ing. MacMillan was fatally burned when ashes he was shovelling fro"' a boiler at the power house caved in on him. The United States has 11,000. 000 homes with telephones, 22.000, 000 with radios and 21,000,000 vviU> electric lights.