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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 08, 1940, Image 1

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Dedicated To T|*® P*°®r®5S ® Served by Leased Wire of the
And S°“n With Complete Coverage of
.__ State and National News
V0LJ2=-Na 267--—___ WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, JULY 8, 1940 * * ESTABLISHED 1867
100 Killed D afesg Mexican Election
Citizens Hurt
As Riots Rage
Thousands Injured As
Rival Political Factions
| Match Bitter Gunfire
Both General Camacho And
fis Rival, General Alma
zan, Claim Victory
ico counted 100 or more slain and
thousands injured, including two
seriously wounded United States
citizens, as rival political factions
matched gunfire with each other
and with soldiers and police today
in the blazing, riotous climax to
a bitter presidential campaign.
While the casualties mounted,
with the greatest number in Mex
ico City itself, the count of ballots
will not be made until next Thurs
day, It then remains for the gov
ernment to decide whether results
will be announced before the offi
cial figures are presented to the
congress that meets Sept. 1.
Both Claim Victory
Both General Avilj Camacho, the
irndidate backed by the present
administration, and his rival, Gen
eral Juan Andreu Almazan, claim
ed certain victory while their fol
lowers did bloody battle around
the polling places.
The estimate of more than 100
dead came from General Almazan.
Mexico City police said a score
cf persons died and 100 were in
jured in this capital alone, and the
toll was expected to go higher.
Sl.ooiings were reported from var
ious other cities, although in the
north, near the United States bor
der. the election was comparative
ly quiet.
The wounded Americans were
Edward J. Mallen, Jr., of Daven
port, Iowa, shot through the stom
ach and believed near death and
Leonard Durso, 18, a Georgetown
nniversity student of Union City,
N. J., who suffered a rifle bullet
in the left side. Both were shot in
riots in the heart of the capital.
Rifles, pistols, machine guns,
hand grenades and tear gas bombs
were used freely in the fighting in
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 2)
Radio Message From U. S.
Destroyer elling Of At- !
tack Proves False
Washington, July 7—w>—a
Mysterious S.O.S. reporting th a t
, S. Destroyer Barry had been
struck by a German submarine
an“ "’as sinking caused the gov
ernment an anxious two hours to
ay’ before it determined that the
essage was strictly phoney,
fucked up in the first place by
Mackay radio, the S.O.S. said
Sinking slowly, hit by German
Amarine; water in hold; can
•Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
xorth,, forecast
trs \t™jroIina: Mostly cloudy, show
fsraiim! • a,ld Tuesday, rising tem
Tuesrtn,, "est and central portions
and in the mountains Monday.
ffe'iSioal data for the 24 hours
6 -30 p. m. yesterday).
1:20 a „ Temperature
to SO-8’- —A ,l8: 7:30 a. m. 09; 1:30 p.
toininilim «- O’ m- "31 maximum 81;
m 8a; mean 73; normal 79.
1:3(1 , - Humidity
to. 65-l6; 7:30 a- m- 77; 1:30 p.
’ 1 -30 p. m. 74
Total f„r precipitation
•'ll. . -4. hours ending 7:30 p. m.,
llH inehep Slnr'° first of the month,
Tides For Today
"ilmingie,. High Low
feloa- 7:00a
*ls°nboro inlet 12:02p 7:07p
0 In!,?t - 9:55a 3:50a
..Sunrise a.ftc„ 10:llp 4:02r
“ nmonsetU9nf4e4p.7:26P: “°°“
'^'Oie.^S fee” ’“*** Fay'
<C0Mmued on Page Three; Col. 2)
■ ^5^° str Fatal Fair Bombing
New York’s entire police force was mobilized and all known Fascists were ordered rounded up
following explosion of bomb, found in British Pavilion at New York World’s Fair. The blast killed two
detectives, critically injured two others. Above, victim is rushed to ambulance, while body of one dead
detective lies under sheet in foreground. ...
Hitler And Ciano Agree
On Continuation Of War
German And Italian Lead
ers Discuss Construction
Of A ‘New Europe* ~*
ROME, July 7—W)—In a tele
phone message from Berlin, the
diplomatic correspondent of
Stefani, official Italian news agen
cy, reported tonight:
“High representatives of the two
Axis powers have reached com
plete agreement” regarding con
tinuation and deve opment of the
war and in relation to construction
of a “new Europe.”
The authoritative Fascist editor
Virginio Gayda, commenting on
the visit, said:
“It is natural that in this new
moment of European history Ger
many and Italy should come to
gehter again to perfect and har
monize plans for initiatives and
“Their rule is that of going to
gether—in combat as in political
solutions. Their political wartime
comradeship now nears the con
clusive task of construction
through new trials of blood where
in both are resolutely throwing
their wi Is and all their inexorable
“No indiscretion today may be
made regarding the new Italian
German meeting in Berlin. Europe
may only know that it has sub
stantial reasons. It will mean, as
proceeding meetings have meant,
a new stretch on the combative,
constructive road of new associated
nations and their great chiefs.
“The war is not finished. Great
Britain remains in the struggle
with her uselessly menacing ru
mors and her imperial resources.
(Continued on Page Ten, Col. 7)
Representatives Of Local
Groups Plan To Organize
Coordinating Council
Representatives of local military,
business, professional and civic or
ganizations will meet in special ses
sion at the council chambers of the
city hall tonight at 8:30 o’clock for
the purpose of organizing a Local
Defense Coordinating council.
Persons representing the various
organizations have been named by
Mayor Thomas E. Cooper and Addi
son Hewlett, chairman of the county
board of commissioners, and have
been requested to be at the meeting
The action follows a recent recom
mendation of the Wilmington Engi
neers clum that persons from the
various organizations of the city
meet for the purpose of forming a de
fense council.
The list of persons announced
Sunday will be supplemented from
time to time, it was reported. »
Three Raiding Planes
Shot Down At Malta
VALLETTA, Malta, July 7.—
</P)—Three raiding aircraft were
brought down within 12 hours
over the weekend, a summing up
of hostilyities showed tonight.
In Saturday night’s raid two
planes of a total of four were
sent into the sea after bombs
were dropped and machine-gun
fire split the air with little ef
On Sunday two formations of
five enemy aircraft each dropped
several bombs. There was no
damage to military objectives
but some civilians were killed
and wounded and several houses
were destroyed.
CAIRO, EGYPT, July 7 -(*
Successful demobilization of t h e
French east Mediterranean fleet
and unceasing aerial pounding of
Italian land, sea and air bases in
the Mediterranean and North Afri
ca were reported today by the
The operations over the week
end were aimed at the Goal Prime
Minister Churchill set up for the
roayl navy and air force when he
promised commons: “We shall
take the necessary steps to main
tain command of the Mediterran
Since last Friday, the British
middle east command reported, the
royal air force has engaged i n
these activities:
Over Land scored direct bomb
hits on two hangard arid .aj; her
buildings at Catania, Sicily, start
ing fires that could be seen 20
miles; smashed two grounded
planes and ignited two oil tanks
at Zula, on the Red Sea coast of
Eritrea; bombed and mahine gun
ned troops at Bardia, Italian East
Africa. _
A new $1,000,000,000 annual in
crease in taxes may be pro
posed, it was reported today,
as companion legislation to the
projected $5,000,000,000 boost in
national defense outlays.
President Roosevelt is ex
pected to send a special mess
age to congress by the middle
of the week asking for $4,000,
000,000 in appropriations and
contract authorizations for the
army and $1,000,000,000 for the
Senator George (D - Ga.), a
member of the senate finance
committee, said it was his un
derstanding that this huge new
defense request would be link
ed with a tax increase of $1,
000,000,000, although it was un
certain whether the President
would allude in his message
to the financing of the new pro
George said he thought a
maximum of $350,000,000 addi
tional could be raised by ex
cess profits taxes on corpora
tions, which the President al
ready has suggested to Con
gress. The remaining $650,000,
000, he predicted, would have
to be obtained from indivi
duals and through miscellane
ous so
“In my judgment,” the
Georgia senator told reporters,
"we are going to have to start
right away on the skeleton of
a tax bill. It will have to be
based on a thorough-going re
vision of the tax system and
it probably will take months
to do the job right.”''
George’s prediction was in
line with the contentions of
many members of congress
that the special $1,000,000,000
defense tax bill rushed through
congress last month was only
a "makeshift” and that an
overhauling of the tax system
would have to he undertaken
| by congress to provide proper |
financing for the enlarged de
fense program.
Although this will be a short
work week—the plan is to re
cess Thursday until after next
weeks’ democratic convention
congressional leaders hope to
complete action on two cabinet
appointments, the $4,000,000,000
naval expansion bill and the
Hatch political practices mea
The senate will take up to
morrow the nominations of
Henry L. Stimson to be secre
tary of war and Col. Frank
Knox to be secretary of the
(Continued On Page Three; Col. 3) i
One Destroyer: In Bay Ap
parently Struck During
Raid On Fortress
LALINEA,' SPAIN, July 7 -4®—
Planes believed to have been
French heavily bombed Gibraltar
again Sunday morning' and appar
ently struck one destroyer in the
Destroyers constantly patrolled
the waters around the fortified rock
to protect naval units against sub
marine attack.
Persons arriving here reported
the fortress occupants are living
in a state of constant alarm, with
residents spending many hours in
air raid shelters.
The Aircraft Carrier Ark Royal,
whose planes joined in the attack
on the French battleship Dunker
que last week, arriving with sever
al other vessels. It was reported
here the Ark Royal lost two planes
• xi_it_xi- a __x;_
1A1 U1V iivi liU A UVVIVill
Squadrons Re-armed
(fl)—Two French air squardons, dis
armed by the armistice, have been
re-armed and have joined German
Italian aquadrons in attacks on
British Gibraltar, the French navy
ministry disclosed today.
Its communique, published in Le
Petit Dauphinois, said the French
squadrons and Axis planes had
bombed British warships in Gib
raltar harbor, including some that
attacked the French fleet at Mers
Elkebir July 3.
“At least one large British war
ship” was hit, it said,
dispatch declaring that French
The same newspaper published a
losses in the Mers El-Kebir action,
taken by the British to prevent
delivery of France’s surrendered
fleet to Germany and Italy, were
believed to total 1,000 dead, miss
ing and wounded.
There were only 200 survivors
from the battleship Bretagne, and
200 were killed or missing and 150
were wounded aboard the battle
ships Dunkerque and Provence and
the Flotilla leader Mogador, the
same dispatch said.
(The Bretagne was blown up and
the Dunkerque, Provence and Mo
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4)
Germans Push
Plane Raids
Upon England
Series Of Attacks Last
^Through Sunday Until
Early This Morning
At Least Four Of Invading
Planes Shot Down By
British Fighters
LONDON, July 8.—(Monday)—
(S’)—Thousands of Englishmen who
sought peace and quiet on week
end jaunts to the countryside
found instead that they were un
bidden witnesses to a deadly phase
of the battle for England—a day
long series of German bombing
raids that lasted through Sunday
until early today.
Fascinated spectators felt the
earth shake with the blasts of
high-explosive and delayed-fuse
bombs which the Germans shower
ed down on widespread areas. They
cheered to the echo as British
fighter planes and anti-aircraft
guns shot down at least four of
the enemy in flames off the south
east coast.
Five Persons Killed
At least five persons, including
a policeman, were killed by the
German bombs, and a number suf
fered Injuries. Homes were splinter
§d«-and ..tbe delayed-action missiles
added a new peril.
The German planes penetrated
the English coastal defenses in
small groups, then split up into
still smaller unite of three or four
and engaged in spectacular dog
fights with British pilots.
The sky was starry with vivid
flashes of gunfire. The noise of
bombs and anti-aircraft cannon
provided a steady undertone for
the shriller crack of machine guns
and the high whine of racing mo
tors and screaming struts.
The air ministry said one Brit
ish plane was lost.
“A German plane of the fighter
type was moving in an easterly
direction,” one witness said. “We
saw another plane high above it
go into a dive and plunge like a
stone for several thousand feet.
Then there was the stutter of ma
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 5)
Vessels In Convoy Are At
tacked By Submarine Off
Coast Of Norway
LONDON, July 7.—'(5>)—The Brit
ish submarine Snapper torpedoed
five German ships in convoy off
the coast of Norway, the admiral
ty reported today.
The communique:
Our submarines continue to ha
rass and inflict serious losses upon
German sea communications with
H. M. submarine Snapper (Lieu
tenant W. D. A. King, D. S. O.,
R. N.) sighted a convoy of supply
ships escorted by an armed traw
ler and aircraft.
The Snapper attacked and hit
two ships with torpedoes. The rest
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 6)
Discuss Campaign Plans
Friends Of Senator Do Not
Expect Him To Make
Vigorous Campaign
Wendell L. Willkie, coming to
Washington tomorrow to talk cam
paign plans with , his running-mate
Senator McNary and others, is
likely to find the senator ready to
give unlimited advice, based on a
long career in politics, but reluc
tant to undertake any extensive
campaigning •himself.
Friends of the senator say he
would prefer to confine his own
campaign activities to a few radio
speeches, by contrast with the vig
orous electioneering, which Willkie
said several days ago he hoped
McNary would assume.
Move On Chicago
Meanwhile, the headquarters
staff of the democratic national
committee moved on to Chicago to
^Qir o Hrro rtno nf tVia /I nm nnro tlb
national convention convening
there July 15.
Later in the week, Senator Wag
ner (D-NY) will go to Chicago
with a rough draft of the party
It is his expectation, after his
arrival at the convention city, to
hold an almost continuous series
of informal conferences with
groups interested in various plat
form statements.
As with the republicans, a row
is expected to arise over the party
declaration on foreign affairs. But
with pro-Roosevelt forces in con
trol, it is considered a certainty
that this will end in a complete
affirmation of what the adminis
tration has \id and done.
To offset McNary’s conceded ap
peal in the agricultural areas—
he was a cc-author of the famous
McNary-Haugen farm relief bill,
which was vetoed twice by repub
lican administrations—some party
leaders were suggesting Secretary
Wallace or Chester C. Davis for
the democratic vice presidential
Wallace has headed the agricul
ture department throughout the
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4)
Forty German Planes
Downed In Fortnight
-. i? .ti-j... I,.
LONDON, July 8.—(Monday)
UP)—The Times today said the
air ministry reckoned that “40
German airplanes have been
brought down in the past fort
night and that some 2,500 in
all have been destroyed by
British forces alone since the
war began.”
“It was calculated on Friday
that 74 Italian airplanes had
been destroyed, mostly in air
fights, since Italy entered the
war. In addition 30 had been
heavily damaged and probably
out of commission.”
Regiment Will Move On To
Fort Moultrie Today To
Begin Training
MYRTLE BEACH, S. C., July 7.—
<iP) — The National Guard units o£
the 252nd regiment, coast artillery,
encamped here today enroute to Fort
Moultrie for three weeks’ training.
The some 1,000 troops are under
command of Col. Royce S. McLellan
of Wilmington, N. C. The units
comprise batteries A of Wilmington,
B of Lumberton, N. C., C and D
of Greensboro, N. C., E of High
Point, N. C., and also a combat unit
from High Point, Service battery of
Whiteville and a medical detachment.
The soldiers will move on to Ft.
Moultrie tomorrow.
Three local units of the 252nd
coast artillery left yesterday morning
at 7 o’clock for their annual three
weeks encampment at Fort Moultrie,
S. C.
The units stayed overnight at
State Park, near Myrtle Beach and
will arrive at Fort Moultrie at noon
today. They will return to Wilming
:on on July 27.
The units and their commanders
ire: Headquarters Battery, Captain
Tames E. Holton, Jr.; Battery A,
Captain C. D. Cunningham; and the
land section, Lieutenant William F.
Col. R. S. McLelland and his staff
iccompanied the units.
Germany And Greece
Sign New Trade Pact
LONDON, July 6.—(jP)—Reuters,
3ritish news agency, reported from
Athens today the signing of a new
sconomio agreement between Ger
nany and C .'eece, under which im
>ort and export quotas will be in
ireased. _
Farley Will Not Reveal
When President Is Point
Jo Make Announcement
More Than Two-Thirds Of
Convention delegates
Pledged To Third Term
HYDE PARK, N. Y„ July 7—(#>—
President Roosevelt has made his
historic decision on the third term
He disclosed it today to James
A. Farley, National democratic
chairman. Bvu Farley would not
say whether Mr. Roosevelt had
determined to attempt to shatter
the third term precedent or leave
the Wb'te House next January.
The chief executive made h i s
decision ki own to the man who
has beer for years one of his
ablest political aides, but Farley
merely told reporters:
“Full Knowledge’*
'I had a very satisfactory talk
vith the President a 1 I have full
knowledge of his thoughts and
what he has in mind. But I will
not discuss it with any individual.”
Nor would l.e give any hint when
M- Rc 'sevelt might reveal to the
nation what he was going to do
abo a third term.
He said 5. was up to the Presi
dent to make any announcement
r' the ti: <* his choosing.
Farley fended off every effort
by reporters to learn whether the
third term announcement would
come before the democratic con
vention, opening in Chicago a week
from tomorrow, or whether the
delegates would know the Pi In
dent's views in advance of the
nominating speeches.
Three times the democratic na
tional chairman repeated that ne
had had a satisfactory talk with
the chief executive, both from his
own, and, he thought, the Presi
dent’s point of view. He said they
had gone into every phase of the
“present day political situation and
the future of the party,” but that
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 3)
Pour Additional Armed Di
visions Into Rumania’s
Lost Territories
BUCHAREST, July 7— (Passed
by censor)—(#)—Soviet Russia
poured additional armed divisions
into Rumania’s lost northern terri
tories tonight to strengthen motor
ized troops which completed the
occupation of Bessarabia and
northern Bucovina July 3.
Reports from the new frontiers
said Soviet soldiers and equipment
still were arriving.
Officially it was declared that
“all is quiet’’ along the border,
with Rumanian troops not involved
(Contiued on Page Three; Col. 8)
Thousands of Dollars
Profii Offers CASH
PROOF of Star-News
Want Ad Results
, . . Almost any family and
firm in Wilmington can make
additional money by using Star
News Want Ads.
. . . Thrifty homemakers can
easily sell for cash several
things around the house which
are no longer of the slightest
. . . Aggressive merchants,
rental agents, service firms,
etc., can secure additional in
come by contacting the thous
ands who shop the Daily Want
DIAL 3311
Star-News Classified

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