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Count five words to line The Associate® Press Is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star MONDAY, JULY 8, 1940 _ ”» Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government tinder Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from Wrlghtsville Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits 55-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained-yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one, county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. Ak- -- TOP, O’ THE MORNING God has dipped deep thy cup into His spring, Which drippeth over, it is so welt filled, Lend it to some parched life, and let it bring Laughter and song to voices drought has stilled. EARNEST WORKER. THE OUTLOOK BRIGHTENS In considering England’s expressed determ ination to fight on until she conquers Hitleb’s armies, or is conquered by them, it is well to remember that the Dutch commander and King Leopold of Belgium made a similar declaration when their lands were invaded and that France said she would never, under any circumstances, make a separate peace. All of these did what they said they would not do. The fact is cited only to indicate that it is impossible to know what any person or nation will do when the pressure becomes unbearable. Many say they will not submit to an operation, but call the surgeon when opiates fail to kill their pain. Grpat Britain’s case hinges upon her ability to resist German and Italian pressure. If she accomplishes this, she will not consider any peace overture until the issues in the war of Europe are decided. And, again in considering her firm resolve to carry on, it will be well to note that her chances of victory are immeas urably impioved by seizing many of France’s warships and putting others out or commission. Further, It is to be noted that Russia’s moves In the Balkans' and the prospect of widespread hunger in Germany through crop failures and British blockade effectiveness, place Hitleb in the difficult position of having either to pla cate or subdue Stalin while undertaking his attack on England. Altogether, England’s pledge to fight it out holds definite chances of fulfillment. Unless Hitleb Is able to establish an unbreakable blockade, England, with the aid of the French •hips she has taken over and the others she has prevented Hitleb from acquiring, will carry the war into a long-term conflict, for which she Is geared. If, at the same time, her diplomatic negotiations at Moscow bring Russia into agree ment with her plans and Russia’s food supplies for Germany are halted, or Stalin extends his activities into additional Balkan areas rich in supplies upon which Hitleb is more or less depending for his armies and his home folks, the fuehrer will face a winter campaign from which he cannot be sure of emerging victor ious. --- , *. fc r HULL TELLS ’EM SECRETARY of State Cordell Hull finds it quite useless to continue discussions of na tional aspirations or policies as affected by the Monroe Doctrine, or its European substitutes, with the German reich, but makes It quite plain, both in his former communications to Berlin and in a statement released to the American press, that the position of the United States on alien activities in the Western Hemi sphere which are in conflict with the Monroe Doctrine'and the foreign policy this country has carefully and successfully maintained for many years is unchanged. He tells the reich, in effect, that any encroachment by a foreign power in the New World will be dealt with as the government of the United States deems best fitted to the occasion, and, by implica tion, warns Germany that any effort by that nation to gain a foothold therein will meet | - We have heard of late considerable discus sion of the spirit of defeatism, which led to France’s downfall and weakened other Europ ean nations throughout the years of Germany’s rearming, taking hold in this country. It has been said, even in high places and to willing audiences, that America is unable to compete with the new order in Europe and had best, in its own interests, compose any differences it may have with the molders of new idealogies, the thought apparently being that the Monroe Doctrine and all the cherished institutions of our American democracy are outmoded, and to insist on their perpetuation would be to invite disaster. This is the mental attitude Hitleb wants most to have cultivated in still free countries. It is, in fact, the “new weapon” the Germans announced at the outbreak of hos tilities. The fact that its seeds have taken root In this land and promise a harvest unless de stroyed, gives to Secretary Huix’s pronounce ments added importance. His note to Berlin and his statement for the press are well cal culated to convince all red-blooded Americans that the government of the United States is still on the job to maintain the dignity, inte grity and independence of the New World, and to put a little starch in the backbones of all others with little faith. It gives u^ proof that the attitude of appeasement, which paved the way for war in Europe, is not the official at titude in America, nor likely ever to become our attitude. IT HAS ADVANTAGES Another reason to believe that a defense stamp would be a good way to pay in large measure for the nation’s rearmament is that the postal department is already functioning and that collection of defense taxes through the sale of special stamps would involve the creation of no new collection agency or the large expansion of any now existing. A person with a hundred letters to mail would buy a hundred regular postage stamps and a hundred additional special defense stamps. The postoffice making the sale would have only to segregate the money received for each and the postal department disburse the two totals to the authorized branches of the treasury, one for meeting the department’s obligations and the other to the national de fense account. There may be obstacles in the way of utiliz ing the postal department in the defense pro gram which the layman cannot grasp. But so far as smoothness, ease and centralization are concerned, the plan appears to have it both ways from the ace over the present set-up which requires collection of defense taxes on some 40 items dispensed by retail stores or added to the cost of amusement tickets, public documents, club dues, etc., a system which of fers opportunity foir private gain, for increases in retail prices, and for so-called “equaliza i tion” of the tax by doubling it on one article and omitting it from another. POLICEMEN’S PAY The police personnel contemplates an appeal to the city commission for restoration of a pay cut made when city finances were at low tide. Endorsing the plan, Harry R. Gardner, who Is on the streets at all hours in discharge of his business duties, wrote to the Star recently cit ing the fact that Wilmington has one of the most poorly paid police departments in the state, in proportion to population, and is at the same time receiving as efficient police protec tion as any city regardless of size. It is an unfortunate and unfair reflection on American custom that despite the load they carry and the dangers they must encounter in their daily woirk, the police of the country are treated like unwelcome stepchildren when pay rolls are being written. We expect the police to give their best in service and give them in return our worst, in compensation. Like teach ers, who must subsist on pittances, the police are universally underpaid. Wilmington’s city fathers should do what they can, and something could be done, to give our police force the raise it will ask for. It should not be necessary for a delegation to ap pear before the commission to present the case. But if they must go, the commission will fail in its obligation to the force if it refuses to comply with the request. Editorial Comments From Other Angles YTWO SETS OF GERMANS Charlotte Observer When one surveys the conduct of some of the first Nazi prisoners of war to be evacuat ed from Great Britain on the voyage over to Canada one instinctively feels no surprise that they justly earned the comment of the British ship’s crew as being “skullking, swaggering louts.” When the British guards tried to deal with them courteously, they taunted them with ji bes as to British weakness and decadence of character and, according to The New York Herald Tribune, “indulged in boasts, threats and insults.” But this is not the whole of the story as to the behaviour of the German prisoners on the way over. The “skulking, swaggering louts” were not representative of the entire delegation. In the complement of prisoners were other Germans who were former civilian sailors, captains of some of Germany’s fine passenger liners captured off Norway, and press reports relate that their conduct was quite in contrast to that of the others. These took their fate calmly and philosophi cally, appeared to be chagrinned and embar rassed at the rude behaviour of the other Ger man prisoners and, when the vessel docked, they made the rounds of the ship’s officers to thank them for the courtesies which had, been extended and otherwise to show evidences of gentlemanliness and decency and sportsman ship. The incident is worth mentioning for more than merely to recite the attitude of the first named set of prisoners as exhibiting the whole of the~‘Shodern German spirit and descent of character, or to use the episode in order to multiply epithets of wrath against their de cadence into a complete and without-exception class of “louts.” The gang that behaved like apes of the jun gle typify the new German, the Hitlerized Prussian, completely obsessed with the satanic convictions of the supreme Lout of them all, the Furore. But the other type demonstrates the con tinued existence of a German who is trying to remain civilized and obedient to the elemental amenities of humanity, and, for all we know, here, then, is revealed a basic differentiation between the German people of today, upon which the hope of civilization may yet in part reside—namely, in the German who remains un-Hitlerized and, therefore, holding to some at least of the latent virtues of decency and manhood. The Herald-rriDune puis 11 sunmcuj impressively: “Ascendant for the present is the ruth less barbarian, the synthetic Goth, con temptuous of every Christian instinct. But throughout his country, suppressed but sur viving, is an antithetical element, perhaps numerically superior, steeped traditionally in them and tenacious of the amenities of civilization. Despite current evidence of German unity under the Nazis this cleav age is unmistakable and may yet prove to be the fatal joint in Hitler’s armor.” WORK MEANS PRODUCTION The Fayetteville Observer It is generally agreed that for the next seven years the United States tax bill for na tional defense is going to be in excess of three billion dollars per year. That is a staggering sum today and it will reduce the American standard of living sharp ly unless the Washington government develops some means for the American citizens to pay for it with a few more hours of work per week. In the last analysis taxes are nothing but money and money is nothing but a symbol for work. There are today approximately 17,000,000 per sons engaged in mining, manufacturing, con struction, transportation and the public utili ties of the United States. By working one hour a day more they would add five billion, 304 million man hours to the production ability of the United States of Amer ica, a mass of energy which is valued at fifty cents an hour (a low average for the nation) equals $2,646,000,000, a sum in striking distance of the annual tax bill for national defense. And this does not include the additional la bor which could be made available for na tional defense production if there was one hour’s extra work per day from the seven and one-half million Americans engaged in trade distribution and finance or the amost ten mil lions engaged in the service industries. And it is not even attempting to take into considera tion the twelve millions engaged in agriculture because they already work more than their share of the hours. Upon the intelligence of the Government in devising a means whereby extra work may be substituted for extra taxes will depend the standard of living of the American people for the next seven years. Possibly upon it will depend the independent existence of the American people. France put its faith in short hours and high taxes and couldn’t produce planes or ammuni tion as fast as they were used up in the battle. If France had put its faith in work instead of in artificial symbols which stand for work, she might still be holding the Germans at bay and still be keeping her honor bright. ADD: SAFETY FIRST Greensboro Daily News From Wilson county comes word of mules who have committed “unintentionable suicide” by licking their legs after a day’s pulling of a cultivator in cotton sprayed for boll weevil. One of the county commissioners calls atten tion to the situation, and the farm demonstra tion agent corroborates. Evidence is needed. Mules of our acquaint ance have done a power of foolish things; but never before have we heard it suggested that mules gave themselves a going-over at night in the manner of cats. Most of the quadrupeds and bipeds we have ever met were too tired after a day in the cotton field in whatever cap acity to attend to their grooming between suns. But the treatment proposed by the farm agent is simple and inexpensive. All that is necessary to be done is to wash off the mules’ legs. Not having heard from the mules on the sub ject we can’t say how they’ll like it in the be ginning; but since they do not themselves have to do the washing, we imagine that in a week or so they’ll be accepting it as their due. QUOTATIONS | The choice of war or peace will always be with the dictator nations.—Governor Lehman of New York. * • • . The gold standard has for us only historical interests.— Deutsch Bergwerkszeitung, Ger man mining journal. * * * Why worry about possible disasters in the future, for they may never come.—Dr. James Gilvey at Riverside Church, New York. • • • The American republics can minimize the possibility of ultimate military attack if they unify their economic power.— Secretary of Agriculture Wallace. * • • We must not alienate the alien who wants to be loyal, for by doing so we drive him in to the camp of the “fifth column.”—Attorney : General Robert H. Jackson __; & ■ /I Man About Manhattan^ '-By George Tucker NEW York, July 7—George K. Arthur, who used to be half of the once famous Dane and Arthur com edy team (remember "Rookies”?) is a familiar . figure along the Broadwr;- ops, though he is longer identified with the theater. Y<--! see Mm almost every day going aiio and coming out of office doors, wearing < hat, a leather brief case clasped under his arm, selling insurance. I ran into him t’; morning in front of the AP building, reading the war bulletins, an aura of ineffable ejection on his face. The bulletins told of bombing rfid, on England, where he -as born and lived as a kid be fore the -.tes made and then eclip sed him as a star. • * * Our neck of the suburban woods, where wo hang our hat at night, is quite center of activities for the Scouts. There is a troop on al’- every street, and one oi the things they have to learn in their woodcraft lessons is how to cook an adequate meal. For years the courts of honor have questioned each newcomer + the scouts on how, and what, they have prepar ed. This is purely a matter of rou tine, for no scout in our neighbor hood ha - ;r been mown to cook anything but a steak. Scout after scout, at 1'iese courts, steps for ward and says “Steak.” But there was an innovation to this procedure recently. The young Negro youths of the town have a Sne Scout troop, boasting attend ance for the year of 100 per cent, rhey too came before the court to explain t' eir pm-mess in cooking in the woods. And without excep tion 32 husky young Negro scouts solemnly cried, “Pork Chops.” * • * Louis Bromfield, between super vising the new house he is building on his Ohio farm, and hurrying off to Los Angeles to confer with stu dio officials concerning the filming of one of his stories, found time to give away all the money (and it is a considerable amount) that is to hi- credit in French banks, rhis sum has been donated t o French relief. Another author who donates immense shares of his roy alties to needy institutions is Rob :rt Sherwood, v'bose latest play, ‘There Shall Be No K.ght,” is the jutstanding attraction of the drama season on Broadway. Every cent of his royalties is being turned over to the relief of the distressed oivilians of the invaded countries. It take;, a lot of elation to look is ,..eas d as C Driver 10876 loes t.iese lays, but Frank (that s his name) has what it takes. Dver his license is plastered a sign vhich says “Honorable Award” md it is signed by Louis Valentine, New York Police Commissioner. “A dame left a package in my :ab,” he explains, “and it turned out to - $75,000 worth of jewelry. Boy, was she glad to get it back.” 4 BANKERS PARLEY WILL OPEN TODAY Discussions Will Deal With Insurance, Farm Loans And Other Matters CHAPEL HILL, July 7—UP)—The fourth annual North Carolina bank ars conference, a five-day study of banking and financial problems, will begin its session here tomor row. Daily discussion will be concern ed with insurance, investments, farm loans, mortgage loans, per sonal loans, bank operations, cus tomer relations, economics and credits. Each evening a guest speaker will address a dinner session. E.A. Wayne, chief bank examiner for South Carolina, will be the speak er Monday night. Other speakers include Dr. Harold G. Mounton, president of Brookings institute, on ruesday night; Merle Thorpe, edi tor of Nation’s business on Wed nesday night; and Dr. Paul F. Cad man, economist of the American Bankers association, on Thursday night. Robert Hanes of Winston, Salem, president of the American Bankers association, will speak informally rhursday. 3 Schools In Lolnmbus Will Open August 29 « " WHITEVILLE, July 7—Schools of Columbus county will open the 1940-41 term on Thursday, August 29, the county board of education lias decided after submitting a questionnaire and note to each of ;he local school committees of the bounty. By an overwhelming vote, ;he local committee approved the schedule which called for the open ng on the 29th of August, Thanks giving Holidays to include Novem ber 28 and 29, and Christmas Holi lays to begin December 21 and :nd December 31. Under the pro visions of the schedule adopted, the schools will cose on April 22, 1941. - 3 MINERS KILLED BERLIN, July 7— OP) —Fifty-one niners were killed in a fire dump ixplosion July 4 in the Hansa Coal nine at Dortmund-Huckarde, accord ng to the newspaper Westfaelische Landeszeitung. Relics of a prehistoric cult dat ng back more than 4,000 years lave been found near Norwich, England. _ "JAPANESE SCREEN” Hollywood Sights And Sounds Li. 1 ■ , jBy Robbin Coons ■u HOLLYWOOD, July 7—TOTBAL. Savvy Oh, well, I had a hard time myself. Just at first, I mean. Let’s begin at the end. That means There Ought to Be a Law. It is in the new language of GWU-TWUW, or the code of ATAHT. If that is Greek to you, it merely is Warner Bros, to me— but you, too, can play the piano in one easy lesson. Once upon a time there was a peculiar thing called the English language. In its clumsy fashion it used whole words, and sometimes it even used whole sentences, and people spelled out every word of every sentence. That was in the PS era—or as the antiquarians would put it, in the Pre-Selznick days. S was a gent who made the longest picture, longest in long green results. The picture was GWTW, or GWU - TWUW. So along came Warner Bros, with their ATAHT, meaning something like the whole present with the prospect of paradise also. So mer rily we guess along. Just like “Our Town” folks worrying about the village drunk, I don’t know where it’ll end. * * * Maybe at the U. The U could do it. The U could turn out some tongue-twisters (with the titles they’ve been having) to send GWU TWUW and ATAHT scurrying back where they belong. For the U gave us MHMEAM (which is, for benefit of beginners in the course, “Ma He’s Making Eyes at Me”). The U gave us OJHYCL, which Bonnie Baker can explain to those who just came in. From the U came 1CGYABLB (or Love s the Only Thing I’ve Plenty Of, Ba-bee!). Any day now the U may pop out with IWGBTMLGSIKH, which they’ll translate as I-wanna-go back to my little grass shack in Kala - something - Hawaii, thus rounding out their song cycle with the utmost pain for all. The U, besides, is the home of PAS TERNAK, which looks like a mov ie title written in GWU-TWUW but is really Joe. Meanwhile, never pass idly by an ETAOIN SHRDLU. It may be that movie you’ve been waiting to see. * * * Better practice up. Here are the GWU-TWUW translations of titles of some of the new ones—and no fair peeking at the bottom for the answers. (1) SUTB. (2) 3 G’s and a G. (3) BY. (4) HOV. (5) LVH. 6) TMG. (10) TBSD. (11) WTDR. (12) BFS. (13) FC. (14) MS. 15) SOPP. (16, SH). Well, how’d you do Are you up on GWU-TWUW? Here they are: (1) Strike Up the Band. (2) Three Gobs and a Girl (the next Harold Lloyd pro duction). (3) Brigham Young. (4) Howards of Virginia. (5) Long Voyage Home. (6) I Married a Nazi. (7) Life of John Doe. (8) Return of Frank James. (9) Too Many Girls. (10) Tom Brown’s School Days. (11) When the Dal tons Rode. (12) Boys from Syra cuse. (13) Foreigh Correspondent. (14) Mortal Storm. (15) South of Pago Pago. (16) Sea Hawk. Silly Well, that’s GWU-TWUW for you. 4 Goa Is Subject Of Weekly Lesson-Sermon “God” was the subject of the lesson-sermon in all Christian Sci ence churches and societies, yes terday. The Golden Test was from Re velations 7:-12. “Blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thanksgiv ing, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen.” Among the citations which com prised the lesson-sermon was the following from the Bible: “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.” (John 4:24). The lesson-sermon also included the following passages from the Christian Science textbook, Science & Health with Key to the Scrip tures, by Mary Baker Eddy. “That God is a corporeal being, nobody can truly affirm. The Bible repre ents Him as saying: "Thou canst not see My face; for there shall no man see Me, and live.” Not materially but spiritually we know Him as divine Mind, as Life, Truth, 1 and Love. We shall obey and adore in proportion as we apprehend the divine nature and love Him under- i standingly, warring no more over the corporeality, but rejoicing in , the affluence of our God We wor- ' ship spiritually, only as we cease ; to worship materialy. Spiritual de- 1 voutness is the soul of Christianity. : Worshipping through the medium of matter is paganism. -’The true ( worshippers shall worship the , Father in spirit and in trust.’ ’’ , (Page 140) 3 j -— 1 The wishbone is the "Merry 1 thought" of a birrC ■; Board Of Conservation Will Open Meet Today MOREHEAD CITY, July 7—iJPl— , Members of the board of conserva tion and development will open their semi-annual meeting here to mori'ow. The first day’s sesssion will be devoted to hearing delegations of commercial fishermen. An address by Robert A. Nexbit of the U. S. bureau of fisheries will follow the rearing. ' Delegations of sportsmen will be reard Tuesday morning. The re- . mainder of the three-day session will be devoted to hearing heads ] rf various divisions of the depart- , nent present their reports and re- j :ommendations. 3 Britain Orders Young Actors To Return Home ; HOLLYWOOD, July 7-W-A ' 3ritish call for film actors between ^ he ages of 18 and 31 to return ;oon to England affects apparently £ jut one important Hollywood fig- ( ire, dark-haired, dimpled Richard i Jreene. All other major British actors, I mch as Cary Grant, Ray Milland, t 3rian Ahearne and David Niven, s ire past the age f 31. Niven has >een in England for several nonths, however. Grant and Milland have taken 1 tut first citizenship papers, Grant < ixplaining recently that he was i leferring further action “because i don’t want people in England to t hink I’m deserting at a time like his, yet I still want to become an Vmerican citizan.” _1. 4 t ALEX scon, 55, FATALLY INJURED Onslow County Farmer Struck By Automobile Driven By Prentiss Kennedy JACKSONVILLE, July 7—Alex Scott, 55-year-old farmer of t h e Northeast section of Onslow county, was fatally Injured when struck by an automobile driven by Prentiss Kennedy, of Deep Run, a former member of the state high way patrol, on highway 17. H> miles north of Jacksonville, about 2 o’clock this morning. Rushed to James Walker Memo rial hospital in Wilmington by am bulance, Scott died ten minutes aft er arriving at the hospital. A coroner’s jury, mipaneled by Coroner Timmons Jones, today rul ed that the accident was “unavoid able." Evidence was brought out at the inquest that Scott either stumbled or walked in front of the automobile driven by Kennedy. Funeral services for Scott were held from the graveside in the family cemetery near the home this afternoon at 4:30 o’clock, with the Rev. L. C. Pinnix, pastor of the Jacksonville Baptist church, of ficiating. Scott is survived by his widow, Mrs. Harriett Lovitt Scott; six daughters, Mrs. Ellis Quinn, o t Pinkhill, Mrs. Ellis Turner, of Jacksonville Route 2, Mrs. John Ramsey, of Jacksonville Route 2, Mrs. R. C. Powell and Miss Clara Scott, of Caswell Training School in Kinston, and Miss Dora Scott, Tacksonville Route 2; two sons, Mex Scott, Jr., of the U. S. nav.v it Mare Island, Calif., and George Scott, of Northeast, and three sisters, Mrs. Mollie Midgett, o f Maysville, Mrs. Ljuia Parker, ol lacksonville route 2, and Mrs. liottie Lovitt, of Kinston. The fatality was the first to oc :ur on highways in Onslow county since last November. la toilette Declares U. S. In Great Dangei CHICAGO, July 7—(A>>—Philip E a Follette, former Progressive ’overnor of Wisconsin, declared tp lay that “our country is in dangei -terrible danger—not alone from ibroad but at home.” , “The same dry rot that wreck* 3ritain and France is here and tne ame Chamberlains.” he asserte n a radio address. “But for 20 years our leaders -republicans as well as democrat -have failed to tell us the truth ’hey have preached false doctrine, nd adopted bad policies. Yea iter year our leaders have to. is everything was all right, when lown deep something was ai ming. “Modern war is total war. Every ble bodied man and woman, very resource is needed. Victor r defeat is measured by ,na ast extra ounce of driving energy. 1 nation that delays putting > iouse in order until after it is e' acked is whipped before 1 tarts’. CHILDREN SAVED MOSCOW, July 7— <A>) —AhoU ,200 children were led to sau ty tP‘ ay when fire broke out during * natinee in Moscow’s Central I 11 or Culture and Rest. The flnn1** estroyed two theater building* Fish r ut of water die of exhau*" ion, wording to scientists.