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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 08, 1940, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1940-07-08/ed-1/seq-7/

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News of Interest to North Carolina Farmers
FARMINCOME hike
program offered
Circular On Development Of
\ C. Agriculture Pre
pared By Goodman
a w , the annual gross in
. 0f North Carolina farmers
“ increased from $300,000,000 to
S500.000.000 within 10 years?
" Ti'f. answer to this question is
-plied in a circular entitled
'/un-^mental Principles Essential
the Develop: ent of North Caro
°na Agriculture” which has been
'-pared by -John W. Goodman, as
sistant dire tor of the State Col
wc Extension Service, for free
, .ribution to inter :sted farmers
and o 3- .
To aec pltsh -his annual in
case of $‘’00.000.000 in gross farm
income. Goodman outlines a three
point program:
1,—Produce adequate food for
the family and feed for the live
stock.
2- Use a cropping system and
fertilizer practices that will main
tain the soil in a highly productive
condition.
3— Produce cash crops combin
ed with sound livestock, dairy, and
poultry activities in such degree
as Wiil ) rovide the cash needed
bv the family.
The second point in the program
means the rotation of crops, and
strict adherence to the Agricultural
Conservati m Program of u s i n g
lime and phosphate where needed,
building terraces, growing legumes'
am’ winter cover crops, and the
pla iting of trees. to halt severe
erosi All of these things the
Federal bovernment will pay a
farmer for doing.
. usi maintain rtrumy
“Under the 'cash crop' system
we have been following, little at
tention has been given to main
taining the fertility of the soil but
instead childlike trust is placed in
- jmmerical fertilizer for main
taining acre yeilds,” Goodman de
clared. Any program to increase
farm income must be based on
maintaining the soil in a highly
productive condition.”
For specific recommendations on
the first and third points of the
program, the Extension leader
turned to the conclusions reached
by 50.755 farmers who participated
in 834 planning meetings in 96
counties in 1936. The recommend
ed adjustments were brought up to
date by J. E. Mann. Extension
Studies Economist.
All of the adjustments in acres
of crops and numbers of livestock
are based on 1939 figures. For a
balanced agriculture, the recom
mendations first call for a 5 per
cent decrease in corn, a 18 per
cent decrease in peanut, and a 25
per cent decrease in tobacco. That
is the minus side of the picture,
and since tobacco acreage is this
year more than 25 per cent below
1939 acreage, no further adjustment
would be needed in this No. 1 cash
crop.
On the plus side, the recom
mendations call for a 39 per cent
increase in open pasture, a 12 per
cent increase in cultivated' land,
a 33 per cent increase in potatoes,
a 23 per cent increase in small
grain, a 16 per cent increase in
hay. a 27 per cent increase in c<|t
ton, a 39 per cent increase in cat
tle. a 28 per cent increase in milk
cows, a 27 per cent increase in
swine, a 20 per cent increase in
chickens, a 16 per cent increase
in workstock. and a 157 per cent
increase in sheep.
Needs Unified Effort
These are the adjustments which
Mr. Goodman says should raise the
gross income of North Carolina
farmers from 300 to 500 million
dollars annually, and provide more
abundant living on the farm. “But
it is a program that will need the
unified effort of all the poeple.”
be declared, adding “the program
of the Southern Governors’ Con
ference will add impetus and
encouragement to the movement.”
To show that it is a sound pro
gram. Goodman pointed out that
thf> # -11 4ailH fppH
Cops except potatoes is inadequate
on the basis of the present yields
Per unit to meet the rural and
urban requirements of the State.
For instance, the State produces
annually 354 million pounds
rpeat: its requirements are 763 mil
lion pounds. North Carolina pro
duced in 1938 about 20 million
chickens, and 56 million dozens of
e§gs; it needs 32 million chickens,
and 95 million dozens of eggs an
nually. Milk production is 163 mil
**on gallons annually; the State
•hould have 463 million gallons an
nually.
"Comparisons of vegetable,
"heat, oats, and hay production
"’ith requirements show the same
differences,” Goodman declared.
This raises a number of pertinent
questions. We have already seen
how requirements can be met by
growing more grain, and raising
urore cattle, milk cows, swine,
chickens, and sheep.
'But here is another way: In
crease the yield per unit. On the
basis of farm demonstrations con
ducted with county agents, it has
cen shown conclusively that if all
farmers used improved practices
he production of eggs by the pre
?en* number of chickens could be
increased from 56 million dozens
c eggs to 97 million dozens, which
°uld be more than enough
°uree* rec|Urrements.
ithnut Increase In Acreage
, «J*e manner, without increas
* me numbers of livestock or
Poultryman
In an attempt to bolster farm
income in Beaufoi. county, Walter
G. Andrews (above) has been plac
ed in that county by the State
college Extension service to work
with farmers in establishing and
improving poultry flocks. He will
be an assistant farm agent, work
ing closely with County Agent W.
L- McGahey and Extension poultry
specialists of State college. An
drews was reared on a farm in
Alamance county and he was grad
uated from State college in 1939
with a degree in poultry science.
CITIZENSHIP DAY
PLANNED JULY 25
Will Be One Of Features Of
Annual 4-H Short Course
At N. C. State
RALEIGH. July 7 — Citizenship
Day will be one of the features of
the features of the annual 4-H Short
Course to bp held at N. C. State col
lege July 22-20, it was announced
today by L. R. Ilarrill. State 4-H
club leader. The citizenship obser
vance will be on Thursday, July ?5.
The principal speaker on the oc
casion will be Salom Rizk, a noted
speaker who is called “The Syrian
Yankee.” His appearance on the
Short Course program has been
made possible through cooperation
with the Reader's Digest Associa
tion, Inc.
“Mr. Rizk will speak on ‘The
Americanization of an American’,”
ilarrill said. “He will bring us the
fascinating story of his life. His
mother died the day he was born
in Syria, and he was nursed by
mothers of many creeds — Moham
medans, Druse, Christians. He lived
through the war in the Holy Land,
and finally learned he was a citizen
of America.
"Finally, after long years of wait
ing, he was permitted to sail for
America, literally an emigrant to
his own country. His struggle to
learn the language and customs of
this country is a gripping story
which we feel that the 4-H members
of North Carolina will obtain in
spiration from.”
Harrill announced that a citizen
ship ceremonial will follow Mr.
Rizk’s address.
"This is only one of the many in
teresting programs that have been
arranged for this year's State 4-H
camp,” the State college leader de
clared. "Contests, the health page
ant at which the State king and
queen of health will be crowned
classroom instruction, recreation,
and discussions of young people’s
problems all will play a part in the
week.”
the acreage of crops, we could in
crease production of meat from 354
to 635 million pounds, milk from
163 to 286 million gallons, corn
from 46 to 73 million bushels,
wheat from 5 to 9 million bushels,
potatoes from 17 to 20 million bush
els, oats from 6 to 9 million bush
els. and hay from a million tons
to one-and-a-quarter million tons.
“These are out challenges, and
should every farm in North Caro
lina be handled according to these
recommendations, I believe a
standard of living would exist in
this State higher and more satis
factory than its people have ever
known before. The farm people
would have an adequate food sup
ply and would have more money
than they have had in the past,”
Goodman concluded.
A copy of the publication in
which these recommendations are
made is available fre° to interest
ed citizens of the State who write
to the Agricultural Editor at State
College, Raleigh, for Extention Cir
cular No. 240. 3
LEGUMES
The mere growing of legumes on
land does not assure soil fertility un
less some of these crops are turned
under as green manure, says C. B.
Williams, of the State College Agron
omy department.
WHEAT FAILURE
Crop failure resulted in a loss of
approximately $180,000 this year for
North Carolina wheat growers, ac
cording to a study made by the State
AAA committee.
WILL HONOR YOUTHS
The most physically fit 4-H club
boy and girl will be crowned King
and Queen of Health for North-Caro
lina at the annual 4-H Short Course,
to be held at State college, July
22-27,
CLEAN AND SOUND
EGGSADVOCATED
Farmers May Boost Profit By
25 Per Cent By Offering
Quality Product
BY LOUIS H. WILSON, Editor,
N. C. Department of Agriculture
RALEIGH, July 7—Uft—A pre
mium of approximately 25 per cent
can be commanded by North Caro
lina poultrymen who present clean,
sound, infertile, well-culled eggs on
the market, Ralph B. Kelly, poul
try and egg marketing specialist
of the state department of agricul
ture said today.
“It is a well known fact that
many of our farmers and poultry
men are taking a price beating on
the eastern and state markets be
cause of carelessness in prepara
tion of egg$ offered for sale on the
retail and wholesale markets,"
Kelly emphasized.
“While it is true that North Caro
lina imports a tremendous quanity
of poultry and poultry products
-from other states, it is equally true
that farmers are no making the
most of their opportunity to sell
their products within the state.
Producers of other sections have
long been aware of the demand for
quality, well-graded and attractive
ly packed eggs and are reaping
substantial benefits. There is no
reason why our farmers whould
not claim their home markets. And
there is ample opportunity for
them to' establish an enviable re
nntatinn in niir.nf.ctqfp ”
Kelly said that poultry raisers
and egg marketers, “in order to
compete with producers of adjoin
ing states.il.must adopt the follow
ing practijBb:
1. Eemow all cockerels from the
flock immediately after the hatch
ing season in order to avoid fertile
eggs. Unless this practice is fol
lowed, eggs are liable to be in
edible within a few days after
being laid.
2. Use only purebred flocks for
commercial egg production, thus
assuring a uniformly quality egg
'that will be more resistant to sum
mer conditions and meet the stan
dards demanded by the consumers.
3. In feeding flocks, farmers
should provide ample “grit and
oyster shells” which are necessary
to assure a firm egg shell that will
prevent “shrinkage” as well as
breakage in transit.
4. Adopt feeding practices and
follow recommendations of feeding
authorities to assure macimum
quality and production.
In order to command "premium
prices” even though the eggs may
be high in quality, Kelly empha
sized that producers should:
1. Leave eggs in open containers,
after they are collected, in order
that they will cool enough for the
animal heat to escape before pack
ing in regular egg cases.
2. Keep eggs in a cool, moist
place until they are ready for mar
ket.
3. Clean all eggs that are dirty,
using a pen-knife, steel wool or
emery cloth tacked over an ordi
nary shoe-shine brush.
5. Candle to remove eggs con
taining blood spots or having weak
shells.
6. Separate large and small eggs,
to provide uniformity in packing.
(Extremely large and small eggs
can be utilized best at home).
7. Remember that eggs are
breakable and should therefore be
handled with care, and that care
should be taken in transportation. 4
CANNING PROGRAM
A good canning program employ
ing surplus fruits and vegetables
will assure the farm family of an
ample supply of these necessary
foods this winter, says Mrs. Cornelia
C. Morris of State college.
CROPS LOOK GOOD
Despite an extended cold period
during- the spring, farm agents of
the State College Extension service
report that crops in all sections of
the state are looking good.
Two N. C. Curb Markets
Make Excellent Records
RALEIGH, July 7 — Nash and
Durham county curb markets, oper
ated by Home Demonstration club
women, made outstanding records in
sales during the month ot June, Mrs.
Cornelia C. Morris, Extension econo
mist in food conservation and mar
keting, anounced here today.
The Nash county market, with 183
sellers, had sales totaling $4,135.31
during the month, while the Durham
county market, with 100 farm wom
en selling regularly, reported sales
amounting to $3,448.56 during June.
Mrs. Morris said.
Poultry led all sales on the Nash
county market, with $1,033.85; vege
tables were second with $912.30. On
the Durham market, poultry also
was the leader with $972.64, and
eggs -was second with $572.28. Cake
sales in Durham amounted to $539.17
and in Nash j-ounty the sales of
cakes totaled $569.11.
“These are only two of the 44
farm women’s curb markets in the
state, directed by county home dem
onstration agents and operated by
and for the benefit of larm people
who grow and sell their own pro
duce,” Mrs. Morris stated.
"Last vear the curb markets sold
$377,947.63 worth of products, with
2,112 farm women participating in
the enterprise. The progress of the
curb market movement in North
Carolina has been steady' since 1934,
when only 28 sales centers were
operated, doing $176,237.96 worth of
business for 1,316 sellers.
"Two ne-,v markets have been
opened this year—one at Asheboro
in Randolph county and the other
at Clinton in Sampson county.”
Demand And Price Setup
Review Released By U. S.
GUY A. CARDWELL
General Agricultural Agent
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Company
Under date of June 17th, the
Bureau of Agricultural Economics,
U. S. Department of Agriculture,
in their demand and price situa
tion issue, gave the following sum
mary, which I think should be of
interest to farmers and other busi
ness men. Following the summary
I am also showing in full the situa
tion as to a few of the commodities
in which residents of this section
of the country are particularly in
terested:
Summary
Industrial conditions affecting
the domestic consumer demand for
farm products are expected to con
tinue the improvement in evidence
since April, if active warfare in
Europe continues. This should
make the average level of indus
trial activity in 1940 higher than
in 1939. The early cessation of hos
tilities would necessitate many re
adjustments on the part of busi
ness which could result in declin
ing activity. This would not likely
be prolonged or severe, in view of
increasing defense expenditures.
Consumers’ income, having declin
ed much less than industrial pro
duction since the high point was
reached last December, probably
wil2 not increase as much as the
indicated rise of industrial activity.
The recent spread of the Euro
pean war may curtail somewhat
further the already greatly dimin
ished export outlets for United
States farm products, particularly
tor cotton, t or some commodities,
such as dried fruits, closing of the
Mediterranean and possible tight
ening of the German blockade of
shipping may eventually lead to
improved export demand. Much de
pends on military and naval de
velopments which cannot be fore
seen at this time.
Despite active movements of
prices of some individual commo
dities accompanying the recent
German invasions, the general le
vel of wholesale commodity prices
has changed little. Most of the
price declines were for agricultural
products, wholesale prices of which
declined about 5 per cent from the
first week in May to the beginning
of June. Prices of both wheat and
cotton, which were affected most,
were carried to levels generally
not far from Government loan va
lues. Prices of cotton have since
recovered most of the loss exper
ienced in May. Further panicky
liquidation of the extent and char
acter of that which followed the
German invasion of Belgium i s
most likely. Prices of farm pro
ducts sold mainly in the domestic
market should be benefited by the
prospective improvement of indus
trial activity and consumers’ in
come. With industrial activity in
creasing, a large-scale domestic
preparedness program on the way,
and possible increases in export
demand for some industrial com
modities, if the war continues the
chances of and considerable de
cline in the wholesale prices of
non-agricultural products seem
quite remote. In view of these con
ditions, it seems safe to say that
with the war continuing there will
be no substantial decline in the
general level of wholesale prices,
and that on the other hand a mod
erate rise is probable. The termina
tion of active hostilities in Europe
might result in a sufficient liquida
tion of inventories and stoppage of
current buying to seriously unset
tle many commodity prices, but
this would depend in large mea
sure upon the timing and charac
er of these developments.
Both prices and incomes received
by farmers in June apparently will
be lower than in May. Most of the
weakness in prices is for grains
and truck crops. The composite
index of meat animal prices also
is somewhat lower.
The situation by commodities is
as follows:
Cotton—The spread of the Euro
pean war has eliminated most of
the mills of Europe as export out
ets for American cotton. The mills
in the German-controlled area plus
Italy consumed about 3 1-2 million
bales of all cotton in the years im
mediately prior to the present war.
The price-depressing effects of
these developments have Deen
more or less offset by the scarcity
of American cotton in private
hands and other domestic develop
ments. Domestic cotton manufac
turers’ sales continue dull and acti
vity further declined to a level
in early June about the same as
or somewhat below a year earlier.
Hogs—Slaughter supplies of hogs
increased seasonally during May,
but some reduction in marketings
is expected during the next 2
months. Hog prices declined stead
ily during May and early June,
losing nearly all of the advance
which occurred in April. The 1940
spring and fall pig crops are ex
pected to be somewhat smaller
than those of 1939, due chiefly to
the unfavorable ratio of hog prices
to corn prices since last Novem
ber.
Poultry and Eggs—Supplies o f
chickens and eggs during the last
of this year are expected to be
smaller than in the corresponding
months of 1939. largely because ol
a smaller hatch this year than
last.
Truck Crops and Potatoes
Truck crop prices declined in re
cent weeks as marketings increas
ed seasonally, and the prospect is
for continuing increases in supplies
during the next 2 months. Mar
ketings of potatoes during June
and July probably will be slightly
larger than a year earlier, but the
effects of this may be offset to a
largo extent by a higher level ol
consumer purchasing power. 4
Columbus Farmer Takes Precautions
To Prevent Fire In Weed Curing Bam
BY JOSEPH S. HUFHAM
(Star Correspondent)
DELCO, July 7—Charlie Hollo
way was among the first planters
in eastern Columbus to have ripe
watermelons this year. He had a
bountiful supply for the Fourth,
and had eaten some even earlier.
And of his tobacco we would like
to say this:
Yesterday we visited his barn
shortly after he had opened the
doors, following a curing process.
The odor of the weed in that barn
was really arresting, a much bet
ter aroma than we had ever smell
ed in a barn of newly cured tobac
co.
Beneath the tobacco, and im
mediately above the flues, Mr. Hol
loway had placed a wire net, and
on top of this net there were sev
eral scraps of dried tobacco, any
one of which might have set the
barn on fire had it fallen upon a
section of the heated pipe.
Perhaps it will be remembered
that hundreds of tobacco barns
burned in Columbus county, and
adjoining counties, last year. In
our travels last year we saw smok
ing remains of many. And in one
instance two burned in one field
in a period of less than 24 hours
apart, all composing a loss to the
owners because necessary precau
tion had not been exercised.
Things just don’t happen, so
search out for the weakest link.
There is a cause somewhere for
every happening. “A stich in time”
can save nine Therefore it is
Worth while to heed this friendly
warning before your tobacco barn
goes up in a cloud of smoke.
But let us dwell not too long
on the tobacco subject. Because
we have seen hundreds of bags
of Irish potatoes stored away in
the Clarendon, Tabor City, Chad
bourn and Green Sea sections and
have been told that the price per
bag was too small to be tempting,
Charlie White, who really “mop
ped up” on strawberries in the
Ward Station section, told us that
the last offer he had had for his
Irish potatoes was sixty-five cents
per hundred pounds. One farmer
said that the low market had been
brought on because many farmers
had dug too early, in order to get
potatoes on the higher market, the
potatoes being too small, but rush
ing the market to such an extent
that the price range tumbled.
In many instances we have seen
some fine tobacco, but in our trav
els last week our attention was
called especially to weed being
grown by J. M. Hill, of the Norton
section of Horry county, and Pearl
ie Strickland, of Columbus county,
in the Cherry Grove section. These
two farmers would doubtless go
“tops” if a championship contest
for better tobacco were under way
in their respective counties.
Curing in all sections of Bruns
wick, Columbus, Bladen, Roberson
and Horry is now getting well un
der way. The markets in this
section opens later than usual; but
if warehousemen are willing to
advance the cash it is generally
believed that much tobacco will be
sold before opening dates; or at
least there will perhaps be many
farmers who will be ready and
willing to place their weed into
favorite warehousmen’s possession
that an advanced bit of loans might
be secured 3
FOOD IMPORTANT
IN ARMS PROGRAM
Every Housewife Should
Know Principles Underlying
Food Preservation
EY MRS. CORNELIA C. MORRIS
Extension Food Conservation
SpeciaUst
As a part of our National De
fense Program, every housewife
should know the principles under
lying food preservation and should
allow no food to go to waste. By
thrift and economy in conserving
all available food stuffs, we can
render a valuable service not only
to our country but to the world at
large.
History has a way of repeating
itself and conditions in the world
today are very similar to condi
tions that existed during the last
World War. Recently in my files
I found an old letter from the
United States Food Administration
in Washington dated November 9,
1918, just two days before the ar
rmstice was signed, inis letter
written 22 years ago follows:
“The world is never more than
sixty days ahead of famine be
tween harvests. In some sections of
Europe the people are face to face
with famine today. A single day’s
let up in sending supplies threatens
their very existence.
“It is appalling to think that with
the best we can do to feed the
world there will probably be more
deaths from starvation than from
wounds this winter. When peace is
declared we shall be able to send
foodstuffs to the people whom at
present we are unable to reach.
To do this we must save more. The
end of the war will not mean a
return of extravagance.
Must Build Up Herds
“We must save for the Allies;
our army and navy, to insure com
plete and lasting victory; to safe
guard a world coming dazed and
broken out of conflict. Herds must
be built up, fields fertilized and
seeded, storehouses and graneries
must be filled to overflowing to
rescue from starvation hundreds of
thousands of people, and to keep
the world supplied with sufficient
food for mere living.’’
Europe today is facing another
serious shortage of food. Some one
has said that the issue of the war
is going to depend in the long run
no more upon the men who control
the guns than upon the women who
control the food supplies.
Food is the first of all basic needs
and much thought should be given
to the production of ample sup
plies for the family’s requirements
first, with a surplus to help feed
others.
Meat, poultry, milk, butter, eggs,
fruits and vegetables are the mak
ings of a good satisfying food sup
ply. The family that gathers
around the dinner table provided
with such good things as these does
not suffer from pellagra, scruvy,
rickets, or other diseases caused
by lack of proper food. Much of
this food can be made as available
in winter as in summer with the
improved facilities we now have
for storage and by using efficient
methods in home canning. Drying,
too, is a satisfactory way to take
care of many vegetables and fruits.
The North Carolina State College
Extension Service will be glad to
send bulletins on canning and other
methods of food preservation to
anyone who desires this service.
At present there are 82 white home
demonstration agents and 18 ne
gro agents, who with their local
leaders are teaching canning to
thniKanHs nf farm fnmilips in
North Carolina.
Expects 7 Million Cans
In 1939 more than" 30,000 farm
families who received this instruc
tion canned more than 5,000,000
cans of food for winter use. This
year if crops are favorable we are
expecting the number of cans and
jars filled to exceed 7,000,000. In
April and May 32 training schools
were held in various sections of
the state from Burnsville and
Boone in the west to Columbia and
Elizabeth City in the east for the
benefit of all ageneies that are
responsible for county canning pro
grams. This included home demon
stration agents, Farm Security
Home economist, W.P.A. and N.Y.
A. supervisors and leaders. De
monstrations in safe methods of
canning corn, asparagus, peas,
beets, soup mixtures, carrots and
rhubarb were given. A total of 1719
supervisors and leaders attended
the 32 schools and are now passing
the instructions on to hundreds of
women who are eager to save
every bit of food that comes their
way.
Every can of food saved is a
vital contribution to our National
Defense Program. 4
PREPARING FOR VOTE
Farmer-committeemen who have
been named by their fellow farmers
to conduct the AAA farm program
are now working out plans for hold
ing the 1941, 1942, and 1943 tobacco
referendum July 20.
GAMES PLANNED
Included on the evening programs
at Farm and Home Week, to be held
at State college, July 29-August 2,
will be games, contests, music, group
singing, square dancing, and other
recreation
Farmers In Columbus
Heed Advice Of AAA
WHITE VILLE, July 7—Keep,
ing a close watch on the present
tobacco situation, leaf farmers
of Columbus county have heeded
the AAA's advice to underplant
their allotment this year, says S.
C. Oliver, farm agent of the ft.
C. State College Extension serv
ice.
Preliminary compliance mea
surements indicate that growers
have planted only 15,518 acres of
their 16,320 acres allotted under
the 1940 federal farm program.
Of the 350 farmers who ex
ceeded their allotments, more
than 150 have already destroyed
the small excess acreage.
1,9/4,125 IKfcto
PLANTED IN N. C.
Are Set Out On 1,930 Acres
By Farmers In 15 West
ern Counties
RALEIGH, July 7—Farmers in 15
mountain counties planted 1,974,125
trees on 1,930 acres during the 1939
40 planting season in a cooperative
project of the State College Exten
sion service and the Tennessee
Valley Authority, it tvas announced
here today by R. W. Graeber, Ex
tension forester. In addition, CCC
camps operated under the supervi
sion of the TVA in four of the 15
counties planted 1,155,175 trees.
In the 15-county TVA watershed,
the farmers were given tree seed
lings free by the federal agency pro
vided they agreed to set them out as
erosion control projects under the
supervision of the Extension service.
Clay led in plantings, with 488,900
trees on 481 acres. Following were:
Macon county, 298,000 trees on 297
acres; Jackson, 255,700 trees on 250
acres; Yancey, 254,063 trees on 244
acres; Haywood, 203,569 trees on 199
acres; Mitchell, 95,708 trees on 92
acres; Cherokee, 81,900 trees on 82
acres; Madison, 69,771 trees on 69
acres; Buncombe, 65,425 trees on 62
acres; Transylvania, 40 012 trees on
38 acres; Henderson, 27,152 trees on
28 acres; Watauga, 18,020 trees on
14 acres; Graham, 8,500 trees on 8
acres; and Avery, 4,005 trees on 4
acres.
The CCC camps planted 669,304
trees on 554 acres in Buncombe,
289,821 trees on 322 acres in Madi
son, 86,450 trees on 57 acres in
Yancey, and 9,600 trees on 9 acres in
Transylvania.
In addition to these plantings; the
TVA made spot plantings of 620
black walnut trees as nursery stock,
for a total of 3,129,920 trees planted
in Western North Carolina during
the 1939-40 season.
Species planted by farmers and
CCC camps were as follows; short
leaf pine, 1,413,000; black locust, 1,
141,200; white pine, 438.300; pitch
pine, 52,000; Virginia pine, 42,000;
yellow poplar, 40,900; and chestnut,
1,900.
_I
SWINE PRODUCTION
DEMANDS PATIENCE
Farmer Who Makes Money Is
One That Sticks To Busi
ness Year After Year
By GENE KNIGHT
Assistant Extension Editor,
N. C. State College
RALEIGH, July 7— CP) —The
farmer who makes money from
swine is the one who sticks with this
enterprise through lean years as
well as good years, Ellis V. Vestal,
swine specialist of the N. C. State
College Extension service, said to
day.
At the present time, he said, farm
ers of North Carolina generally ure
rather discouraged with the almost
rock-bottom prices they are receiv
ing for their hogs.
However, Vestal stated, a con
sistant hog man has found swine
profitable over an extended period.
For instance, during the 10-year
period from 1929 through 1938, hog
prices averaged $7.28 per 100
pounds.
"Even though present prices are
low,” the State college specialist
said, "farmers shouldn't get out of
the hog business. Past experience
tells us that the present situation
may change quickly, especially with
the European war going on. Besides,
any farmer who produces his own
feed can count on a few hogs to ac
count for sizeable part of his farm
income.”
Cotton and tobacco, especially the
latter, have been placed on the un
certain list since the outbreak of
hostilities in continenal Europe.
Growers are producing these two
crops this year, hoping that demand
conditions will improve before mar
With this depressed situation,
Ellis said, farmers should realize the
value of some income from livestock
to fall back on should conditions be
come even worse than they are now.
Many farmers, discouraged with
low swine prices,, have been selling
off their breeding stock. Some au
thorities have estimated that the
number of breeding sows disposed
of might have run as high as one
third.
On the other hand, Vestal pointed
out, civic clubs and other organiza
tions have been active in pushing a
livestock program in their counties.
As a result, a large number of fine
breeding animals have been placed
on farms in an attempt to stimulate
interest in the production of lhc
oi^ck.
In many counties, Pig clubs have
been formed in which farm boy® are
given breeding animals in exchange
for which they give one or more pigs
from their first litter. Known as
pig "chains,” these organizations
have been responsible for a greatly
stimulated interest in swine poctuc
tion it: many sections.
PROFESSOR SLATTERY
ITHACA,—Jimmy Slattery, form
er light-heavyweight champion, is
a boxing instructor here. 3
ropswmsre
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Finer in flavor and plenty for the thirstiest*
Each big bottle holds 12 full ounces. Join the
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