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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 09, 1940, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1940-07-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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"jjjicaied To The Progress 01 --—
WILMINGTON 4 Served by Leased Wire of lhe
And Southeastern North ASSOCIATED PRESS
Carolina 5^/ Wilh Complele Coverage of
_._ ^ Slale and Nalional News I
,-^liIm 268 " -—-&......-. —
—-- - * * ESTABLISHED 1867
I | :|
REPORT ‘SUCCESSFUL ’
ACTION AGAINST NEW,
POWERFUL RICHELIEU
HITLER KEEPS QUIET
Next Move Remains Secret
As Planes And Subs Stab
At British Isles
AXIS TIES IMPROVED
Ciano To See Hitler Again
When He Returns From
Scene Of Campaign
i
BERLIN, July 8.—(5*)—Where and
how Adolf Hitler will hurl hia Nazi
thunderbolts in Europe next stayed
a secret tonight as German war
planes and submarines continued
stabbing at the British Isles and sea
lanes.
Not even Nazis usually in the
know could say when the Fuehrer
would give the word or what it would
be.
But they were cnofident of three
things:
That whatever Germany’s next
step may be, it will be a blow aimed
at Britain; that Hitler and Italian
Premier Mussolini will see eye to
eye; tha tneither of the Rome-Berlin
axis partners is seeking or wants any
help from France.
May Pull Surprise
As far as Germany is concerned,
Hitler—and Hitler alone—is deciding
the nation’s course in its reshaping
of Europe. This time it looks as
though he may surprise even those
who think they know his mind.
Whatever it is that Germany and
Italy have up their sleeves, no an
nouncement of it or how they hope
to achieve it is likely to be made be
fore Wednesday, when Italian For
eign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano
will return from a two-day visit to
the scene of the western campaign.
Ciano, who conferred secretly with
the Fuehrer here Sunday, is sched
uled to see him again when he re
turns. Dienst Aus Deutschland, Ger
man news service with close official
connections, said Ciano lated would
be entertained successively by Field
Marshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering,
the Fuehrer’s chief aide; Rude If
Hess, Hitler’s deputy for party af
fairs, and Capt. Hans von Tscham
mer und Osten, Prussian state coun
cillor.
Do Not Need Aid
Of the possibility that France
might join forces with the axis, in
formde sources commented that Ger
many and Italy are well able to
settle their scores unaided and that
Hitler’s permission to the French
fleet to resist the British was an act
(Continued on Page Three)
Ex-Chief Of British
Naval Intelligence
Arrested In London
LONDON, July 8—(/P)— Ad
miral Sir Barry Domville,
former director of British na
val intelligence, was arrested
with Lady Domville today un
der the defense regulations.
The admiral was taken to
Brixton prison and his lady to
Holloway prison. Nature of the
charges was not disclosed, but
it was reported that they would
be interned.
The admiral, who retired in
1936, went to Germany in 1937
to shoot chamois with Heinrich
Himmler, head of the Nazi
Gestapo (secret police). Twice
before he was a guest of Adolf
Hitler. He was at Salzburg a
month before the war was de
clared last fall.
He was chairman of the pro
German organization, “The
Link,” but some time ago an
nounced that it had been dis
solved. He is 62 years old.
WOMAN CAPTURES
NAZI IN ENGLAND
Takes Armed Aviator Who
Parachuted To Earth
After Plane Downed
LONDON, July 8. — UP)— An un
armed British housewife put on her
"fiercest frown” today and captured
a German avaitor who parachuted
from his disabled plane into her
front yard and gave up his pistol
when she demanded his surrender.
His plane was shot down by Brit
ish Spitfires in a fight over north
eastern England.
Mrs. Nora Cardwell’s husband,
away from home at the time, said
afterwards:
"I think she did very well.”
But Mrs. Cardwell, five feet, eight
inches tall, didn’t want to make a
"song and dance” over what she
called “the affair.”
She just marched up to the Ger
man, demanded his gun and sent him
hustling along to internment when
help came later.
“I was convinced he was a para
chutist when I saw him floating to
the ground,” she said. "I went
straight to the telephone but it was
out of order. So I told a boy to go
on a bicycle for the police .
(Continued on Page Three)
DESTROYER IS SUNK
Action Against Richelieu
Continuation Of British
Policy Of Seizure
SHARP BLOWS TRADED
England Estimates 1,760,
000 Men Are Ready To
Beat Off Nazi Invasion
LONDON, July 9— (Tuesdayl
CT)—British sources today claimed
a “successful” action by the British
fleet to keep from enemy hands
France’s mightiest battleship, the
35,000-ton Richelieu launched at
Brest but still not completed for
service with the fleet.
There was no indication of the
scope of the engagement, nor
whether it was connected with the
loss of the 1,760-ton British des
troyer Whirlwind, which was sunk
by a submarine yesterday.
The action against the Richelieu
—presumably sunk, seized or dam
aged—was said to have taken place
early yesterday.
A more detailed account of the
action was expected later today.
Continuation of Seizure
The operation was described as
a continuation of the seizure of
French warships started last week
to prevent fulfillment of the armis
tice pacts between France and
Italy and France and Germany.
Under those terms the French
fleet would have been assembled
in French ports and placed under
control of Germany and Italy.
Prime Minister Churchill has
told commons he had no faith in
Axis power promises that the ships
would not be used against Britain.
The Richelieu was the nearest
completed of France’s newest class
of four mighty warships intended
to dwarf the 26,500-ton Dunkerque
and Strasbourg. Both of them were
damaged in last week’s fight off
the Algerian coast.
Although the Riche/ieu had been
launched, it was understood her
armament had not been completed.
Other ships of her class still in
complete are the Clemenceau,
Jean Bart and Gascogne.
The two nearest completion, the
Richelieu and Jean Bart, were re
ported in German hands after the
Germans occupied France’s Atlan
tic coast.
Fast Vessel
The Richelieu went down the
ways at Brest in January, 1939.
Her speed exceeded 30 knots and
she was armed with four 15-inch
guns, 16 six-inch quick firing guns,
and 18 smaller guns for defense
against aircraft. The Richelieu’s
armor included a waterline belt 16
inches thick, and deck armor eight
inches thick.
The first British naval action to
round up the French fleet came
in a surprise move last Wednes
day. Churchill announced that most
of the French warships were seized
or put out of action, or bottled up.
Because of wartime precautions
there has been no authoritative in
formation recently on the where
abouts of the Richelieu.
The most recent word came last
week. At that time it was said the
battleship had put out from Brest
into the Atlantic, possibly on a
trial run. 4
Meanwhile bomb-battered Brit
ain announced last night the loss
of the destroyer Whirlwind, traded
Germany blow for blow in war
from the air, and estimated that
(Continued on Page Three)
Japan sTroopsMayMove
Upon Hongkong Colony
-- -
Carl Bowman Held On
Hit-Run Driving Count
HICKORY, July 8—(fl>)—Carl Bow
man, 24, was bound over to superior
court tinder $2,000 bond today on
charges of manslaughter, drunken
driving and hit-and-run driving
growing out of the death Thursday
night of Hubert Eugene Vail, 32.
Deputy Sheriff Glenn Allen said
the principal witness in the case was
Carl Hysinger of Salisbury, who was
a hitch-hike passenger in Bowman’s
truck, and, the officer said, told
the story of running over Vail be
cause he was "conscience-whipped.”
QUARREL OVER ROAD
Japanese Ministries To
Study British Rejection
Of Latest Demands
TOKYO, July 9— (Tuesday)— Wi
lt is quite possible that continued
refusal of Britain to close the Bur
ma road to China may result in
armed Japanese action against the
British crown colony of Hongkong,
persons close to the Japanese gov
ernment declaved today.
The war, navy -and foreign min
istries scheduled immediate emer
gency conferences to discuss the
British rejection yesterday of Ja
panese demands that this last link
between the Chinese nationalist
forces and the outside world be
shut off.
“Drastic Action” Looms
Reliable sources said the Japan
ese would take “drastic action”
if the British stand were not chang
ed.
Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita
yesterday told British Ambassador
Sir Robert Leslie Craigie that his
reply was not satisfactory and
urged him to advise London to re
consider.
The Japanese press unanimous
ly asserted that "an understand
ing” with the United States and
Russia preceded Britain’s rejection
of the Japanese demand and re
peated previous charges that the
(Continued on Page Three)
u
i
* * * ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★★★
Wallace Proclaims Tobacco Quota
. - -
^sseSSm^k.. -r ~ I
556,000,000
Pounds Limit
May Be Hiked
Plan Increase To 618,000,
000 Pounds If Three
Year Plan Approved
WILL VOTE JULY 20
Marketings In 1941 Will
Be Uncontrolled If Quotas
Are Disapproved
WASHINGTON, July 8—(IP)—Sec
retary Wallace proclaimed today
a flue-cured tobacco quota for the
1941-42 marketing year of 556,000,
000 pounds with the proviso that
the quota be increased to 618,000,
000 pounds if growers approved by
referendum marketing quotas for
three years.
Wallace set the referendum for
July 20. Growers will vote on:
1. Adoption of marketing quotas
for the three-year period, 1941
through 1943.
2. Adoption of quotas for 1941
only.
3. Rejection of quotas.
A two-thirds majority vote will
be necessary for adoption of quo
tas.
The 556,000,000-pound quota is ten
per cent less than that in effect
for the 1940 crop. The 618,000,000
pcund quota is the same as that
for 1940.
J. B. Hutson, assistant adminis
trator of the agricultural adjust
ment administration, said the 618,
000.000-pound quota plus the nor
mal production on the increase pre
viously made in allotments for
small farms actually meant a total
quota of about 650,000,000 pounds.
“This quota”, Hutson said, ‘‘com
pares with an estimated level of
world consumption of United States
flue-cured tobacco prior to the out
break of the war in Europe of
around 775,000,000 pounds. There
fore. if the 618,000,000-pound quota
plus the increase for small farms
is maintained for the four years,
1940 through 1943, it will mean pro
duction at a level about 100,000,000
pounds below the present estimat
ed world consumption level and
should result in elimination of the
surplus of about 400,000,000 pounds
which resulted from the extremely
larwp inoo’»
Large Supplies
Hutson pointed out that as th£
current marketing season opened,
“rowers were confronted by the
'urge supplies remaining from 1939
and further complications of the
export situation. Indications were,
1“ said, that buyers for the trade
"ith Great Britain and continental
European countries would not oper
ate in this year’s market unless
some arrangement similar to the
Purchase and loan plan of 1939
"as put into effect. Such arrange
ments, he said, would not be made
unless growers adopted marketing
Quotas in the referendum.
d quotas are disapproved”, he
said, “marketings in 1941 will be
’“controlled as in 1939 and th**3
he no price protection for this
tears crop”.
Balloting in the referendum will
he secret. Local committees will
designate polling places. Three lo
cal growers will be in charge of
’ each polling place. Any bona fide
owner, operator, tenant or share
cropper who receives a share of
he proceeds of the 1940 flue-cured
°hacco crop will be eligible to
vote, 4
'■ 1 11 '**»
LWKATHER I
v. ,, o forecast
Mosrin Carolina and South Carolina:
"'(■(LI.11(1 >'> light scattered showers
day esUajI and in west portion Tues
tMinre°7rl0g.iCal (lata for the 24 hours
® * ;-i0 p. m. yesterday).
1-oa n Temperature
h "® '7™k71l 7:30 a- m. 71; 1:30 p.
'“idiriiiim «a p' m- 76; maximum 85;
um 63; mean 76; normal 79.
1-in Humidity
in. 8j 7 ■■!!!■ 88: 7:30 a- m- 83; 1;3° P
’ 1 -30 p. m. 72.
Tnhi „ Precipitation
iioiic ■1.hours ending 7:30 p. m.,
(.44 inches Slnce first of the month>
Tides For Today
"■'lmiiwon IliffH tow
»con -12:25a 7:53a
1Ias°nt)oro ini . 12:57p 8:04p
UOro Inlpt-10:49a 4:38a
„Sunrise a.r. ll:P2p 4:57p
te 9'4(i»- 'Uu ' sunset 7:26p; moon
’ ua. moonset 10:23p.
(f,ontinu-d nn paee ThreeJ
i
Young Rookies Receive
say*®?*
“You are the vanguard of the able-bodied men of this nation,
gladly submitting to discipline and training for a brief period that
yon may be secure in your freedom,” Col. Julius Ochs Adler told a
unit of C. M. T. C. youths at Plattsburg, N. Y. military training camp
Above, the color guard gets regimental and American flags, gifts
of Col. Adler.
Jones Is Named Leader
Of Local Defense Body
-+ _
Defense Co-Ordinating
Council Organized At
Meeting In City Hall
Wilmington took a step in the di
rection of protecting itself in case of
emergency last night when the Lo
cal Defense Co-ordinating council
was organized and Sheriff C. David
Jones was placed at its head. The
council was formed at a meeting in
the city council chamber.
Jones will appoint an executive
committee to complete the organiza
tion of the council and will announce
his appointments within a few days.
The executive committee will in turn
appoint sub-committees to carry out
the work of the organization.
The membership of the council was
appointed by Mayor Thomas E. Coop
er and Addison H. Hewlett, chairman
of the county board, at the request
of the Wilmington Engineers’ club.
252nd Regiment Begins
Gan Practice Wednesday
CHARLESTON, S. C., July 8
—UP)—The 252nd Coast Artillery,
North Carolina National Guard,
which arrived this me :ing by
motor convoy at Fort Moultrie,
will begin preliminary practice
Wednesday with 155 millimetre
moDUe coast defense rifles at
the Marshall reservation.
Sub-calibre firing will begin
the latter part of the week, and
service ammunition will be used
next week. The guns were put
in firing position by the guards
men this afternoon.
Remove your gloves before read
ing the newspaper on the street car
or bus as printers’ ink will smudge
them.
GermansoeizedLeHavre
Ahead Of Their Schedule
PLANES BOMBED Cm
Mrs. Pat Wylie, Visitinj
Here, Tells Of Nazi At
tacks On French Port
Germans planning an attack or
Le Havre, France first dropped
pamphlets advising the resident!
when they would arrive, Mrs. Pa
Wylie, wife of the American con
sul at the French seaport, wh(
returned to this country a few
weeks ago, said here yesterday
Mrs. Wylie, is visiting Mr. anc
Mrs. Louis Orrell at their hom<
at 318 Orange street.
Tells of Bombings
Recounting the terror of t h«
“blackouts” and the two bombings
she experienced before she fled L«
Havre for Paris, Mrs. Wylie said
that although she did not see the
pamphlets, numerous residents
told of having picked them up aftei
they had been dropped by Germar
planes.
“But they got there two day:
ahead of the announced date,” she
said.
There were 22 people killed ir
the first air raid on Le Havre, Mrs
Wylie said, the first raid cominj
on May 19 and the second the nex1
day. She left for Paris on May 21,
continuing on to Italy .where she
and her son boarded the liner Man
hattan, a vessel delegated for the
evacuation of Americans, for the
United States.
“There wasn’t any panic amonj
the people at all during the bomb
(Continued on Page Three)
it
College Leaders Uphold
Selective Training Bill
NEW YORK, July 8—(^—Presi
dents and representatives of 22
men’s colleges and universities voted
unanimously today to support the
: Burke-Wadsworth selective training
and service bill now before congress.
After endorsing the compulsory
; service measure; the educators voted
■ at a conference to petition the war
1 and navy departments to extend R.
' O. T. C. and naval reserve training
units to those colleges which'do not
now have them’ and which ‘ are
: ‘■qualified and ready to have them.”
*->■
France Nears
Totalitarian
Form Of Rule
Premier Petain Is Expected
Jo Head New Dictator
Type Of Government
LEBRUN WILL RESIGN
Vichy Spokesman Says
France Does Not Plan
Hostilities Against Britain
GENEVA, July 8.—CiP)—Nazi-van
quished France, th^ cradle of re
publican freedom in Europe, appear
ed tonight on the threshold of a vir
tual totalitarian dictatorship headed
by Premier Marshal Henri Philippe
Petain, the man who surrendered to
Germany.
Dispatche sfrom Vichy, seat of the
German-mastered French govern
ment, said the 84-year-old premier
would head a new regime under the
fuehrer-like title of "chief of state”—
but without the personal power of
Adolf Hitler.
Lebrun May Quit
These davices also forecast the
resignation of President Albert Le
brun to make way fro a new Nazi
Fascist government undre Petain,
the World war ‘‘hero of Verdun” who
capitulated to Nazi legions in mid
June,
As' described in the censored
French press, Petain would take
“only the title of executive power”—
presumably as a figurehead — under
this arrangement, with the govern
ment dominated by a triumvirate
consising of General Maxine Wey
gand, former Allied commander-in
chief; former Prmeier Pierre Laval,
and former Labor Minister Adrien
Marquet.
The reshaping of France’s long
time republican government into the
totalitaria nmold was expected to be
gin Wednesday or Thursday at a
meeting of the French parliament in
Vichy.
Travelers from France said many
of the conquered nation’s republican
leaders were so “dazed by defeat”
that they mnaifested little interest.
The French press described the
new constitution as “corporative”—
a term Fascists apply to Mussolini’s
Italian government.
.liiiprcstseu
Premier Petain was said to have
been ‘‘tremendously Impressed” by
reconstruction plans for Spain
mapped out by his old pupil, Gen
eralissimo Francisco Franco, and
that when discussing France’s post
war problems with his aides, the
aged marshal frequently declared:
“But we must have his (Franco’s)
power.”
Since Petain became head of the
French government, upon the resig
nation of Premier Paul Reynaud,
who refused to capitulate to Ger
many, the semi-Fascist Croix De Feu
(“Cross of Fire”) organization of
Col. Francois De La Rocque had re
portedly gained powerful influence
among army, navy and air force of
ficials.
Meanwhile, a French spokesman in
Vichy was quoted as saying that
France planned no hostilities against
Great Britain, although the Petain
government has broken off diplo
matic relations with her former ally
over Britain’s attack on the French
fleet to keep it from German hands.
Resolution Approved
Havas, French news agency, re
ported from Vichy that a large num
ber of deputies had aproved a war
guilt resolution.
Po'ice Guard Her
Against Killer
ill
Mrs. Marjorie Rosser, of Jackson
Heights, L. I., switchboard operator
at the Britisii Pavilion in the
World’s Fair, who received warn
ing of the recent bombing which
killed two New' York policemen, is
under 24-hour police guard. Follow
ing the bomb explosion, an un
known man phoned her home,
threatened to kill her.
REGISTRATION BILL
OPPOSED BY KUNZE
Caustic Criticism Greets
Bund Leader At Hearing
Before Sub-Committee
WASHINGTON, July 8—(B—
Caustic criticism greeted G. Wil
helm Kunze, German-American
bund leader, when he appeared be
fore a senate judiciary sub-com
mittee today to protest a bill
which, he said, would force the
bund out of existence.
Senator Connally (D-Tex), chair
man of the sub-committee, com
mented that effect of the bund was
to arouse prejudice and race ha
tred.
“I know many thousands of pa
triotic and loyal Americans of Ger
man blood,” the Texan said, “and
[ believe that organizations like
yours are doing them more harm
than anything else that could possi
bly happen.”
At one point in the hearing,
Kunze testified that the bund had
no membership list because of fear
of persecution and boycott of its
members if the list became pub
lic.
“I think that if we’d put about a
dozen of you in jail, maybe you’d
(Continued on Page Three)
ROOSEVELT TALKS WITH FLEET CHIEF
AS HE PREPARES NEW ARMS REQUESTS
WASHINGTON, July 8—W—
Admiral J. O. Richardson,
commander of the fleet, arriv
ed in the capital unannounced
from Hawaii and was a White
Honse caller today as Presi
dent Roosevelt worked on the
final draft of his new defense
requests, expected to call for
expenditure of $5,000,000,000.
what purpose had bronght the
commanding officer of the
navy’s fighting force secretly
5,500 miles from the fleet’s pre
sent base was not disclosed. He
merely told reports that he dis
cussed “routine fleet matters”
with t|ie President.
Since the collapse of France,
there has been increasing spec
N
illation that the fleet might re
turn to the west coast to be
nearer to the Panama Canal,
or perhaps be transferred t o
the Atlantic. In response to
questions, however, Richardson
said he knew of no disposition
to shift the warships from Ha
waii.
Admiral Richardson’s visit
afforded opportunity for the
President to discuss with him
the naval projects to be includ
ed in the rearmament recom
mendations.
These projects, together with
the army’s requests, were gone
over during the day a^ a White
House conference attended by
Louis Johnson, acting secre
#
tary of war; Lewis Compton,
acting navy secretary, and
Harold Smith, budget direct
or.
It was indicated afterward
that the President’s message
recommending the new pro
gram probably would go to
congress tomorrow. There was
a possibility, however, that fi
nal navy estimates might de
lay it until Wednesday.
In either event, the message
will arrive in the midst of busy
legislative activity on other de
fense matters.
It is the intention of Senate
leaders, once the cabinet no
minations of Henry L. Stimson
and Col. Frank Knox have been
disposed of, to call up the
house - approved $4,000,000,
000 naval expansion bill.
The army and navy high
commands will testify before
the senate military committee
tomorrow on the question of
compulsory military train
ing, and are expected to en
dorse it.
The navy expansion bill,
proposing 200 additional war
ships to make the fleet strong
enough to meet simultaneous
threats in the Atlantic and Pa
cific, was formally reported
today by the senate naval af
fairs committee.
(Continued on Page Three)
Tell It To A
Want Ad Taker
And She'll Tell ...
what you have to rent
or sell to the 50,000
readers of the Star and
News. Among the great
mass of people who read
the Want Ads every day
it’s easy to find some
one who will buy or rent
whatever you have to
offer.
Dial 3371
Star-News Classified
_

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