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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 14, 1940, Image 1

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Dedicated to the
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ynL_ll-—N0- 38‘_______WILMINGTON, N. C., SUNDAY, JULY 14, 1490__-fr ★ _PRICE FIVE CENTS
Unions To Back National Defense
.—-— v «
lake Joint
Aid Pledge
Action Gives White House
Hope That Labor War
Can Be Ended
Board May Be Able To Pre
vent Strikes If U. S.
Improves Defenses
WASHINGTON, July 13. — <H>) —
Belief that the needs of national de
fense might bring an end to organ
ized labor’s five-year-old civil war
pas expressed at the White House
today atfer 16 officials of the CIO,
the AEL and railway labor unions
had pledged cooperation in the de
fense program.
Given To F. R.
Xhe promise of cooperation was
given to Presidnet Roosevelt in a
letter signed by the labor officials
who make up the labor policy ad
visory committee of the National De
fense commission. This committee
was created recently for the an
nounced purpose of preventing stop
pages of work in vital defense In
dustries and preserving labor stand
Expressing ’’full and unstinted de
votion to our country and to the
program of national defense,” the
union leaders told the President.
“We and our membership are
United in our effort and determina
tion to give effective and expeditious
Cooperation in the fulfillment of the
defense program, and to contribute
to a free and secure democracy.”
Stephen Early, Mr. Roosevelt’s
press secretary, made public the
letter and commented that it repre
sented the nearest thing to a united
labor front since the AFL.-CIO split
Saying the letter had made the
President quite happy, Early added
that it was a good one because it
showed that national defense might
(Continued on Page Three; CoL 4)
State ABC Chief Agrees
To Act At Convention
Of Local Boards
Liquor prices in wet counties of
North Carolina, which advanced
"uly 1 at order of the state ABC
board, will be reduced August 1.
An agrement was reached here
: '■■■ morning at Wrightsville Beach
between Cutlar Moore, of Lumber
™. chairman of the state ABC
board and the North Carolina As
sociation of Alcoholic Beverage
jMro1 Boards, under which prices
“ aU brands and all qualities of
■quor in legally wet counties will
te cut Aug. l.
addition Moore agreed that
,le mark-up on certain low-priced
eins will be reduced even further
bj1 Aug i jn or(}er that the ABC
wes may have an item of suffi
lsnt*y low price to compete with
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 4)
ing,'olina: Partly cloudy beeom
iI'«1t r-ra- y fair Sunday and Monday,
SouthplnP temperature,
flayCnrolina : Partly cloudy Sun
■’ on'lay. possibly showers ex
Ugi.c1’ ffttion Sunday, slowly ris
i ’ PWature in the interior.
ttt!j;r°logk!a! data the 24 hours
■sO p. m. yesterday).
1;!0, Temperautre
>»: 15-S0; 7:30 a. m. 78; 1:30 p.
t d.snJ d’.1 P- m. 69; maximum 84;
n W; mean 76: normal 79.
.1:30 a Humidity
"■ 15- SI: 7:30 a. m. 85; 1:30 p.
’ '-30 P- m. 95.
>T°tal f„. „.p'ecipltation
i"ches-‘4fh?U,rS ?ndinS 7:30 P- m
'■Wth ooV • total smee first of the <
• U-07 inches.
Tideg For Today ,
"ilnington High Low 1
61011 - 5:01a 12:06a '
*8sonboro InW 5:47p 12:26p .
Inlet- 2:56a 9:14a
. sunrise_ 3:48p 10:01p
—; moon'
(U,ltl»ue(l on page Xwo; CoL 3)
• 1 i---—
Pre-convention summaries showed President Roosevelt could be fairly certain of 77314 votes pledged
to his nomination. The necessary majority is 551. Even on the first ballot the FDR vote could run well
more than 900, absorbing the Farley pledges in Massachusetts, the Tydings pledges in Maryland, and a
big slice of the unpledged vote. FDR’s straight-out pledges number only 487, while 268 FDR votes are only
semi-pledged. For instance, the Ohio vote is nominally pledged to Charles Sawyer, who headed an FDR
slate. The territorial vote (Alaska, Hawaii, etc.), as shown above, may not be fully represented a£ the
convention. Areas in black show FDR’s vote. (AP Feature Service.)
Draft F. R.’ Movement
Gains Speed In Chicago
■ ■ A.
Farley Keeps His Secret
On Third Term As Dele
gates Arrive
CHICAGO, July 13.— UO—Demo
crats determined to ‘Draft Roose
velt,” some happy and some un
happy about it but nearly everyone
convinced he will accept the nom
ination, poured into this convention
city today to join in a carnival
prelude to next week’s national
Bushels of red and white and
blue buttons bearing the motto
“Just Roosevelt,” and the silhou
ette of a rooster rampant adorned
hundreds of lapels, proclaiming in
advance the keynote of the big
party gethering.
Mang Big Shots
Familiar big shot faces from
Washington, cabinet members,
members of important boards and
commissions, senators and house
leaders were commonplaces in the
gay hotel lobby throngs. Hen who
no longer ago than yesterday said
goodbye to each other in the capi
tal stopped to shake each others
hands and gather in groups to re
sume a briefly interrupted discus
sion of the one question mark of
the convention, whether the presi
dent would accept the nomination.
Two men knew, and they, se
creted in the fastnesses of the huge
Stevens hotel the convention head
quarters, were in busy confernce
with thir aides and casual callers.
The two—Chairman James A. Far
ley of the democratic national com
mittee, who has been averse to a
third term for the president, and
Secretary of Commerce Harry L.
Hopkins, the president’s confidant
and personal convenion represen
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
British Say Two Italian
Columns ‘Effectively’
Engaged At Capuzzo
CAIRO, Egypt, July 13.—(d1)—Al
though heavily outnumbered, a small
British garrison still is holding all
its positions against the Italians as
saulting Moyale, fortified post in the
British Kenya-Ethiopian frontier dis
trist, British army headquarters said
The communique said the besieg
ed British had inflicted heavy losses
on the Italians.
The Italian high command said
its forces had occupied a fortified
village near Moyale.
In the Western desert, the Brit
ish communique said, tyro Italian
columns approaching Fort Capuzzo
were "“effectively engaged again
Norris Will Fight
Compulsory Training
WASHINGTON, July 13.—(57—
Senator Noorris (Ind-Neb) who
has supported all administration
defense proposals thus far, said
today that he was opposed to com
pulsory military training and would
speak against it if any bill reached
the Senate
The 79-year-old independent has
declared that there is more reason
now to fight Germany than there
was in 1917 when he voted against
the declaration of war.
But he said he did not believe
this country should enact conscrip
tion legislation now.__2
Food Stamp Relief Flan
Becomes Effective Tuesday
The federal government’s new
est experiment in caring for the
leedy will begin operation in Wil
mington Tuesday morning at 9 o'
clock when the Federal Surplus
Commodity corporation’s' first food
stamps are distributed from the
leadquarters at the foot of Grace
Gideon L. Bateman, organizer of
he program here, estimated yes
;erday that about 6,000 persons in
Vilmington and New Hanover
:ounty will be affected. A total of
.,758 persons, all relief clients,
iad been certified for participa
ion yesterday, most with families
iveraging three or four persons.
With only 40 per cent of the eli
gible relief clients participating, a
minimum of $5,000 or a maximum
>f $6,000 in new business will be
released mio me wuuwj *
trade channels. These figures will
grow rapidly after the system be
comes established, he said.
The stamps arrived here yester
day—the first shipment amounting
to $9,900. The FSCC will give the
local organization $21,750 in stamps
to match the $9,900 purchase.
Bateman said it is probable only
about 40 per cent of the eligible
relief clients will participate to
start because there is always some
suspicion and skepticism at first.
This will increase when the re
lief clients understand the plan’s
workings, he said. The certifica
tion of applicants is in charge of
Mrs. L. O. Ellis, director of the
Associated Charities.
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
Islanders Will Ballot On
Col. Batista And Dr.
San Martin
HAVANA, July 13.—(#)—1The pos
sibility of serious trouble in Cuba’s
general election tomorrow devel
oped tonight as the partisans of
Cuba’s “strong man,” Col. Fulgen
cio Batista, opposed demands of
his rival candidate for the presi
dency, Dr. Ramon Grau San Mar
tin, that voting be suspended in a
half-dozen sections.
A feeling was reported in many
quarters that if more suspensions
were granted, Batista, backed by
the army, would seize control of
the government in a coup d’etat on
the grounds that only thus could
grave disorders be prevented.
Grau, the man who once was
pushed into and out of the presi
dency by Batista, procured suspen
sion of voting in three towns in
Camaguey province yesterday, al
leging interference by the army.
His backers now demand com
plete suspensions in Camaguey and
Matanzas provinces and in cer
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 2)
Mayor Sees Little Danger
But Wants City Safe,
Not Sorry
Mayor Thomas E. Cooper yes
terday assigned detectives from the
city police department to special
duty in combating any sabotage^
that may be attempted here.
The mayor’s order to the police
released two officers from other
duties to ‘study the local situation,
cooperate with federal officers in
a check on aliens and to recom
mend any steps necessary to fur
ther discourage any efforts on the
part of radicals to interfere with
the city’s commerce.”
Police Chief Joseph C. Rourk
said an intensive drive will be
staged toward enforcement of the
Bolich alien registration act and
industry here will be surveyed to
detect spots vulnerable to sabotage
and espionage.
Cooper said he had no knowledge
of any concrete violations of this_
nature in Wilmington, but added
it is the duty of the department
of public safety to guard against
these situations before they arise.
Mentioning the fact that the uni
ted front presented by Wilmington
ians during the Civil war kept this
port open later than any other in <
the nation, Cooper said ‘the fed- :
eral gevernment is doing all pos- :
sible to prevent such a force from
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 2) |
French Ask
U. S. View
On Colonies
Action Taken As British
Virtually Blockade One
Western Island
Petain Government Tries
Also To Learn Nazi
Peace Conditions
VICHY. France, July 13.——
The authoritarian Petain-L aval
government of France sought the
answers tonight to two important
questions: the United States’ atti
tude toward French colonies in the
western hemisphere, and the Ger
man conditions under which the
French government may return to
Nazi-held Paris and Versailles.
On the former, foreign ministry
sources said that an inquiry had
been sent to Washington. No re
ply has been received, but this is
laid here to poor communications.
Virtually Blockaded
(One French possession in the
western hemisphere, the West In
dian Island of Martinique, has
been virtually blockaded by the
British since French-British rela
tions were disrupted.!
On the latter, Leon Noel, Petain’s
plenipotentiary in the German-oc
cupied portion of France, returned
from Paris for consultations but
it was not disclosed what he
Authorized circles said the gov
ernment’s desire to go to Paris
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 4)
Alexander Says Fleet Has
Just Begun To Fight;
Cites Successes
LONDON, July 13.—UP)—Para
phrasing John Paul Jones’ “I have
only begun to fight,” Britain’s first
lord of the admiralty, A. V. Alex
ander, told Americans in a broad
cast tonight that the British hope
to fight out the war and “destroy”
Germany from their besieged is
land homeland.
In the last eight days, he said,
the British may have shot down
as many as 130 invading German
planes (the official figures exceed
90 for certain.)
He added:
“To America, I say in the words
of your Paul Jones: ‘Surrender?
Why—we’re only beginning to
(The quotation, actually “I have
only begun to fight!” was made
(Continued on rage Two; Col. 2)
Deposed Boss Of Missouri
Charged With Accepting
Insurance Bribe
rom Pendergast, whose mania for
lorse race betting toppled him
from boss of Missouri democratic
politics into a prison cell, was con
fronted today by a new government
move to put him back behind the
Little more than a month after
gaining his fredom, the man
vhose nod of approval once elected
governors and senators was indict
:d with two other persons on
pharges of obstructing justice in
;he settlement of a $9,000,00 state
ire insurance case.
In the spring of 1938, with the
iemocrats in power in state and
lation, Pendergast’s city machine
•oiled back a threat of fused politi
:al elements to oust him from the
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
British Fighters Down
12 Warplanes In Day;
Claim Raids Failure’
Fires Reported Started At
Emden And At Kiel
Naval Bases
LONDON, July 14.—(Sun
day) — (IP) — The admiralty
early today denied that the
gun turrets of the British
battle cruiser Hood were
damaged as reported in Ceuta,
Spanish Morocco, dispatches
from Gibraltar.,
By the Associated Press
LONDON, July 13.—Brit
ain’s dashing and cocksure
air fighters sent six German
raiders spinning to destruc
tion into the Straits of Dov
er in an afternoon air battle
today and Britain’s leaders
proclaimed the island’s air
defenses had proved them
selves staljvart and deadly.
The British straits tri
umph, reported in an air
ministry communique, raised
the day’s total of felled Nazi
planes to 12, six fighters and
six bombers.
Raids A Failure
At the end of another week of
ceaseless air bombardment, Britons
confidently claimed that repeated
Nazi raids to "soften” Britain for
invasion had failed and that Brit
ish power to resist had grown with
each hour.
In all, official statistics showed
the Nazis have lost 91 planes from
July 4 to tonight.
Three bombers were shot down
earlier today in raids which have
become part of the daily pattern
along British coasts in the Nazi ef
fort to starve and frighten the na
tion into impotence.
Two were downed during the
morning, One falling into the Eng
lish Channel, and another this after
noon in a fierce sky fight in clouds
high over a southwest coast town.
Three German fighters were shot
down off the south coast tonight.
An air ministry communique re
ported only one British fighter miss
ing—in the Channel fighting — al
though it declared Royal Air Force
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
Nazi Advice Heeded; Some
Troops Freed To Gather
Next Year’s Bread
BUCHAREST, July 13—(/PI—Ru
mania, following in the totalitarian
footsteps of the Axis powers, heed
ed German advice today and or
dered hundreds of thousands of
peasant soldiers back to the farms
in time for the wheat harvest.
The decision to "deconcentrate” ,
the army coincided with reports
that German farm experts would ,
be called in.
Many technicians were released
from military service, too, in the <
move to keep Rumania’s produc- ;
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
-- —- 1
Nazis Claim
Wins For
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, July 13. —Germany
claimed today to have success
fully challenged Britain’s his
toric weapon—the navy—in ‘‘suc
cessful operations overseas” by
the Nazi fleet.
The high command formally
asserted that these operations—
presumably directed from Nor
wegian waters — had resulted in
the capture of valuable prize
ships, and military commentat
ors declared this proved the
British blockade to have become
‘ineffectual in a high degree.”
Blockade Reversed
But while that blockade is being
torn apart, the communique said,
the German counter-blockade is be
coming ‘‘more perceptible day by
‘‘Units of the German navy now
can operate on the high seas with
out the English fleet being able to
prevent the Germans from conduct
ing the trade war in Atlantic and
other waters,” they said.
In the same connection, responsi
ble quarters ridiculed the announce
ment o. the British admiralty that it
had cut off Germany from the At
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
Irish To Align Herself
With Britain After
First Raid
- ---
DUBLIN, July 13.—(IP)—An ami
cable settlement between Britain
and Ireland under which British
troops will cross Eire’s frontiers
cnly after a raid by a hostile power
was reported today in quarters
close to the premier's office.
In this event—and only then—
Sire will align herself with Britain
without the formality of a declara
tion of war on the original invader,
the sources reported.
But no British troops will trans
gress Eire soil from Loyalist Uls
ter or from the shores of the
Irish Sea until another has first
violated that soil, the reported
agreement stipulates.
If a hostile raid should throw
Ireland and Britain together in
lefense, Britain will gain this
nuch: she will have the use of
.mportant ports on Eire’s west
coast, closer to America than her
>wn, at which to receive munitions
ind supplies from the United States
ind Canada.
In the meantime Ireland goes
ler way with little outward show
if perturbation. There is an occa
iional test air raid alarm, but no
street lights are dimmed.
Gas mask drills ar^ held, but
here are no gas masks.
Instructions have been publish
ed for conduct in air raid shelters,
>ut there are no shelters.
Owners of land tracts suitable for
•nemy airplane landings have been
isked to barricade them but thus
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 6)
War Interpretive
The genius of mankind has yet to
devise means for peering into the
hearts and brains of a people to
fathom their mass opinion. But
for that, July 14 might be a less
somber anniversary for France,
and for men and peoples every
where still clinging to the ideal of
popular government as the means
of their political salvation.
For in the hearts of the people of
France, of beleaguered England,
of victory-gorged Germany, of Ita
ly, and of the New World rests the
final answer to the authoritarian
challenge to popular government.
While the urge for individual
mains dominant among human
traits, democracy cannot die.
The towering authoritarian edi
fice reared amid blood and suffer
ing is founded on quicksand unless
the stream of human develop
ments has reversed its flow.
The trend of civilization has nev
er varied from the dim mists of
creation to this fateful hour. Al
ways it has responded to the inner
urge of men in the mass for the
right to a voice in the shaping of
their destiny.
There have been black Bastile
days before now in the 151 years
since it came to be the great na
tional day of the French people.
Yet what the fall of that royal
prison, a symbol of monarchial au
thoritarianism, means to French
hearts has survived every vicissi
And the spectacle of celebration
of this Bastile day as a day of
mourning in a France again under
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
Rome Also Says Britain’s
Fleet Forced To Split
Into Three Units
By the Associated Press
ROME, July 13.—Italians
claimed tonight that their
war planes have rubbed out
Malta as an offensive threat
to Italy after blasting with
bombs a British Mediterran
ean battle fleet which split
into three parts under pun
ishment from the air.
Fascists said, also, that
constant Italian air bom
bardment over far - flung
fronts in the Mediterranean
and Africa was preventing
some 1,300 British planes
there from ever being used
in the defense of the British
Isles against a German on
Definitely Decided
(The official Italian radio in a
broadcast heard in New York by
the Columbia Broadcasting Sys
tem declared that Italy "has de
finitely decided the controversy of
the airplane vs. the warship.” The
radio said Italy built up her air
fleet while other built super-dread
naughts "and for this reason . . .
Britain has been handed a bad de
feat and will be handed others in
the future.
Virginio Gayda, the editor who
often speaks for Mussolini, wrote
in II Giornale a’ltalia that the
British, under renewed bombing
of Malta, had withdrawn their
heavy warships from the fortified
island, which his only about 55
miles from Italy.
The big men o’war have been
sent to Alexandria, said Gayda,
(Continued on Page Eight; Col. 3)
ollLLlll KtrUnlo
U. S. Ambassador, Now At
Madrid, Says Germans
Acting Properly
By john p. Mcknight
MADRID, July 13.—(/P)—William
C. Bullitt, United States ambassador
to Prance, declared in an interview
tonight that the behavior of the
German army of occupation in
France was “definiteyl very cor
Bullitt, who came to Madrid “to
get back in touch with Washing
ton,” because of poor communication
facilities in France, said he knew of
no instance of any American in
France having the slightest diffi
He said he “guessed probably
1,000 Americans are still in France,”
and expressed the opinion that most
of them were remaining.
Recounting his experiences in the
16 days in which he remained in
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 1)
it n nnii itt\
U. 3. DU1LU3 ur
Defense Board Is Seeking
Self-Sufficiency For
Nation’s Plants
surances that the United States
rapidly was being made indepen
dent of foreign sources for key
arms materials came today from
the defense advisory commission.
In an initial report of progress,
Edward R. Stettinus, Jr„ former
United States Steel corporation
chairman, said surveys indicated
adequate supplies of such mater
ials as rubber, tin, aluminum and
able as needed by defense
Stettinius, in charge of the com
mission’s materials division, as
serted that government agencies
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 2)

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