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i*“* aiummgton jUctninpi vtsr j jg^^NO. 276 WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY JULY 18, 1940_ -fr * ESTABLISHED 1867 Jap Army And Navy Improve GripOnNation Prince Fumimaro -Konoye Outlines Plans For Mili tary-Dictated Policies jUAY PUSH SOUTHWARD Great Britain Agrees To Close Burma Route To Chinese Government TOKYO. July 18—(Thursday!— The army and navy took a strong er grip than ever upon Japan to day as Prince Fumimaro Konoye, advocate of totalitarian one-party principles commissioned to form a new government, outlined plans for military-dictated policies which jnay include a "march to the South seas." The premier-designate’s first ac tion after receiving the imperial command from Emperor Hirohito was to announce that national pol icies would be formulated by him self. the war and naval ministers and the foreign minister. He conferred today with War Minister Shunroku Hata and Naval Minister Zengo Yoshida, and mov ed tor speedy appointment of their successors. Will Choose Matsuok* Political circles regarded it ? s a foregone conclusion tha. the prince's choice for foreign minister would be Yosuke Matsuoka, form er president of the South Manchur ian railway whose bristling reply 1 in 1933 to League of Nations cen sure of the Japanese seizure of Manchoukuo was a sensation. The new policies are expected to pivot around Japan’s moves in the South seas, which the army is ad vocating as the future field of ac tion. ; French Indo-China, the Dutch East Indies, British Burma and Siam may be concerned in these policies. Forced To Resign Premier Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai was forced to resign Tuesday ;j by army leaders who regarded his foreign policy as too cautious in the face of the French and Nether :i lands collapse in Europe. Japanese determination to press on was evinced yesterday by the announcement Britain has agreed to close the Burma ruote to the Chinese government at Chungking for three months and has forbidden export of useful supplies from I Hongkong to China. | Prince Konoye conferred with tbe war and navy ministers im mediately after his prolonged au dience with the emperor last night. LWEATHER v _ FORECAST “ Carolina and South Carolina: ,v rw'idy with scattered thunder Saturday Chllrsday> Probably ending data for the 24 hours cndln8i:30 p.m. yesterday). i .or, Temperature m S.%»- 74; 7:30 a. rn. 74; 1:30 p. minim!,J'-;, P- m- 74; maximum 80: nimurn ■?; mean 70; normal 79. 1 M „ Humidity m :■ S5: 7:30 a. m. 83; 1:30 p. i .do p. m. 93. Tntm f „ Precipitation hlO inches•24t!lf°’!rs -ending 7:30 p. m„ month in-'• t?tal smco first ot fhe -f-wi monos. 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While rescue workers frantically toil below friends and relatives wait anxiously under temporary canvas shelter. Blast's toll was more than three score dead.__ Secretary Stimson Urges Compulsory Arms Duty War Department Signs Or der for Powder Factory Near Louisville WASHINGTON, July 17.—UP)— Secretary Stimson told prepared ness advocates from 42 states to day that there was a “very dark outlook” for national defense un less military service was made compulsory to meet the need for trained men. “Congress has appropriated lit erally billions of dollars for mate rial to save the country, but we have not yet taken the step neces sary to get the men to run that material,” the new secretary of war said. Asks Service Act ' “There is no way by which those men can be obtained except by a selective service act somewhat similar to that we had 23 years ago.” Meanwhile, the war department signed a contract with E. I. Du pont de Nemours and company for construction of a $25,000,000 smoke less powder plant near Charles town, Ind., about 12 miles from Louisville, Ky. This plant, to be owned by the government but constructed and operated by the company on a fixed fee basis, would employ 5, 000 men during construction and several thousand persons when completed. It would produce auuui pounds of smokeless powder dailj and would be the first of four under contemplation. About 4,500 acres are being purchased as a site and construction, to start immediately, will require ten months. Other developments on the, de fense front: 1. General George C. Marshall, army chief of staff, said the war department favored the exertion of pressure, if necessary, upon em ployers to keep open the jobs of men who might be called to active service in the national guard or for compulsory mihtary training. Developing Big Tanks 2. Marshall estimated that the “most modern” arms and equip ment would be ready by the end of the year for the contemplated pro tective force of 16 regular army and national guard divisions. He said that the army was develop ing tanks of about 70 tons, much larger than any built before and about the size of thos - used in Ger many’s sweep across France. 3. Secretary Knox said that the navy department was “in process of overcoming” a temporary ad vantage his predecessor, Charles Edison, reported had been gained by air power over sea power. An ti-aircra't defenses of existing and uncompleted warships were being strengthened, he added, in type of guns used, rather than through greai ■ armor protection. 4. Arthur B. Purvis, chief Brit ish purchasing agent, said Ameri can factories had stepped up de livery of airplanes to Great Brit ain from three to six or seven a day recently, and predicted the figure would reach 14 by the end of the year, . 1., Railroad’s Revenues Climb To $279,031,561 WASHINGTON, July 17—MP> —The Association of American railroads reported today that 89 class one railroads had esti mated operating revenues of $279,031,561 in June, compared with $261,175,665 in June, 1939, and $364,443,186 in June, 1930. The 89 represent 81.2 per cent of total operating revenues of all class one railroads, the as sociation said. ___ Freight revenues of the re porting carriers totaled $225, 592,753 in June, compared with $205,461,462 in June, 1939, and $271,785,402 in June, 1930. Passenger revenues in June amounted to $29,973,361, com pared with $32,561,589 in June, 1939, and $56,752,197 in June, 1930. RUMANIA TO SHIP GAS TO GERMANY 3,000 Tank Cars Filled and May Be Shunted To Channel Ports BUCHAREST, Rumania, July 17 —(iP)— Three - thousand “rolling reservoirs” of Rumanian gasoline were fueled tonight to start for Germany, and oil men believed they might be shunted quickly to English channel ports to feed nazi planes in a mass onslaught on Brit ain. The cars, owned by Rumanian oil companies, were made avail able to carry the gasoline to Ger many by a decision of the Ruman ian oil commissioner. Informed persons said they carried enough gasoline to run 1,000 warplanes for 45 days. Rumania formerly compelled Germany to use her own tank cars to carry oil products from the kingdom. Now Rumania’s foreign policy has shaped up to that of the (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) BRITAIN ANNOUNCES SEA LOSSES AND WEIGHS WARNING OF NAZI INVASION LOK OK, -July .18—(Thurs day) —iff)—Britain announced to day that Italian bombs dam aged a cruiser with some cas ualties in last week’s 7 lediter ra- ,n r afight, added to her sea losses an Iris" steamer fly ing the British flej, .— " weigh ed warnings that Germany is poised for o: mighty air at ■'nck—then invar’'n. the admiralty said the cruis er was attacked July 8, the day before tl- s British-Italian na val action in mid-Mediterran ean, and -' “The damage, however, did not affect tie ship’s fighting efficiency and she took her full part in the action against tlie Italian fleet July 9.” That came of tb' cruiser’s crew were kil!cd or wounded - as acknowledged : a brief statement: “Next of kin of the casual ties have been notified.’’ The Dublin steamer City of Limerick, 1,359 tons, was sunk in an air attack, off Caps Ouessant (Ushant) France last Monday while carrying fruit to Liver; aol. All but two of the crew were saved. v While r ~rman bombers kept up sporadic flights over sou thern England last night. King George inspected munitions fac tories there. After a stormy day session in which Britain’s tacit accord with Japan to shut off war sup plies to the Chinese central gov ernment was announced, com mons was told last night that only the military situation was delaying the sending of British children to refuge abroad. Geoffrey Shakespeare, under secretary for the Dominions, said Britain would accept any ! offer by the United States to send American ships for the children. The mention of moves of Bri tish accord with Japan brought the words “appeasement” and “Munich” from one critic of the government. But supporters of the gov ernment replied to him with cries of “shame!” The words “appeasement” and “Munich” with a remind er of the grim consequences associated with them were (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) TRIAL OF THORPE SLATED SATURDAY Charged With Assault As Result Of Attack Up on Lucille Prevatte Trial of Hampton (Hampy) Thorpe, 36, white, charged in rec order’s court with assault on a fe male and in federal court with violation of the Mann act, has been set for Saturday morning. Trial on the latter charge will be at the fall term of federal district court. Thorpe was arrested in Durham on July 11 by federal agents on a charge of transporting Lucille Pre vatte, 19, white girl, from South Carolina into North Carolina for immoral purposes. The recorder’s court charge arises from the same charge. The girl was found beaten and unconscious on a highway in Brunswick county early Saturday, July 16. She told officers a man had taken her in his car from Myrtle Beach into North Carolina, stopped at a roadhouse and made advances to her which she refused, and had beaten her and dumped her out ot his car. His bond was set at $300 in Dur ham, but was raised by $500 by Judge Alton A. Lennon. Thorpe had come here by him self to face the charges after post ing the $300 bond when arrested in Durham on the New Hanover county warrant. Meanwhile the girl is being held in New Hanover county jail as a material witness. She was remov ed to the jail from James Walker Memorial hospital where she was taken for treatment when found the morning of July 6. Eddie Bell, negro, of 1112 1-2 Mc Rae alley, only recently returned from federal prison where he serv ed a term for bootlegging, was found guilty of assaulting his wife, Pearlie Bell, and was sentenced to a year on the roads in recorder’s court yesterday. He noted an ap peal to superior court. Charlie Capps and Bennie Mel ton. were found guilty of engaging in an affray. Each was taxed a half-set of costs. John Byrd, 809 South Front street, charged with an assault on a female, was found guilty and (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) Demos Pledge Not To Send Army Abroad National Convention Shouts Quick Approval Of Lengthy Platform IS R E A D BY WAGNER Ryan’s Amendment Against [Third Term Is Shouted Down By Delegates BY REX INGRAHAM ; CHICAGO STADIUM, July 17.— MB—The democratic national con vention shouted quick approval to night of a 1940 platform promising not to send United States armed forces to fight in foreign lands, outside the Americas, “except in case of attack.” Action came after Senator Rob ert F. Wagner of New York, plat form committee chairman, read the document amid frequent inter ruptions of cheering and applause. Just before the vote, Rep. Elmer J, Ryan of Minnesota, offered an amendment to the platform declar ing that no man shall be eligible for a third term for president. Proposal Downed Booing drowned out the clerk’s voice as he read the anti-third term proposal and then the delegates shouted it down vociferously by a voice vote. The 4,000 word document, com pleted after hours of bickering in the resolutions committee had thrown the convention off sched ule, also promised that “all the material aid at our command, con sistent with law and not inconsist ent with the interests of our own national defense” would be ex tended to “the peace-loving and liberty-loving peoples wantonly at tacked by ruthless aggressors.” Some of its authors said the for eign policy plank would assure a “middle of the road” course in foreign affairs and Senator Wheel er of Montana declared that if ad hered to, it would thoroughly pro tect the United States and guar antee that there would be “no in tervention” in foreign wars. Pepper’s Fight Fails Before it was finally adopted, however, Senator Pepper of Flori da had led an unsuccessful fight for a plank pledging “full aid short of war” for the democracies and “a solemn pledge” that the United States would not extend the “hand of appeasement” to dictatorships. Secretary of Commerce Hopkins (Continued on Page Three; Col. 1) BAD WEATHER HITS NAZI A R ATTACKS _s_ Preparations For Mass On slaught Against Britain Practically Complete BERLIN, July 17.—(.S’)—Bad weather temporarily wet-blanketed Germany’s air war against Britain, but authoritative sources said to night that preparations for a pitiless mass onslaught on the Island King dom are practically complete. Speculation as to when Fuehrer Adolf Hitler will unleash the grand attack was discouraged. Nazi spokes men pointed out, however, that it was so thoroughly organized and the outcome so confidently awaited that (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) THIRD TERM LEADERS PLUNGE INTO DRIVE; WHEELER WITHDRAWS ...—--V I Proud Of Home State I Mrs. Lennard Thomas, youngest committeewoman at the Demo cratic conclave, shows pride in her home .state—Alabama. RooseveltMayDesignate RunningMateCandidates EXCITING RACE IS SEEN McNutt Says He Will Not Run If President Pre fers Someone Else CHICAGO, July 17—UP)— Signs multiplied in administration quar ters tonight that President Roose velt might designate various vice presidential candidates as accept able to him, yet refrain from say ing of any particular one ‘‘that’s the man I want.” ■ Friends of the hopeful trudged in a steady stream to the hotel suite of Mr. Roosevelt’s personal representative, Secretary of Com merce Harry L. Hopkins, and, so far as could be learned, all came away with about the same story: That their man was considered ac ceptable or that Hopkins would check with the President about him. Personal Friends Since most of the “acceptables” were personal friends of Mr. Roosevelt as well as faithful mem bers of his administration politic ians expressed the view that he would hardly okay the entrance of several into the field if he expect ed later to express a preference. This would leave the choice up to the delegates, in which event the vice-presidency might develop the truly exciting contest of the con vention; or the choice could be made by agreement among the candidates and leaders of the third (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) Platform Makers Take F.D.R.’s Phraseology CHICAGO, July 17.—(/PI—The democratic platform makers adopted some of President Koose velt’s own phraseology, In a message to congress July 10, the President said: “The principal lesson of the war up to the present time is that par tial defense is inadequate de fense. If the United States is to have any defense, it must have total defense.” The democratic platform states: “Experience of other na tions gives warning that total defense is necessary to repel at tack, and that partial defense is no defense.” , REAPPORTIONMENT ROW FORESTALLED South Accepts Compromise Arrangement Providing For Additional Votes BY BEN GRANT CHICAGO, July 17.-A threatened floor fight over the re apportionment issue apparently was forestalled today when the South accepted a compromise ar rangement to award states voting democratic two additional votes in future national conventions. Approved by the rules commit tee, the new plan is subject to ratification by the convention. The vote is not expected until after a presidential nominee is selected. It is a way of compensating the South for the abolition of the two thirds nominating rule in 1936. As long as that rule was operative, southern states exercised, in effect, a veto power over the choice of presidential candidates. Southern leaders agreed to the bonus of two additional delegates at-large on the assurance the na tional committee would give furth er study to the whole question of reapportionment before the 1944 convention. The compromise upset a plan offered by the national committee to give only one additional dele gate to states going democratic in (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) PLATFORM APPROVED Alabama Chosen To Pre sent President’s Name At Start Of Roll Call FARLEY IS IN CONTEST Wheeler Says Delegates Convinced Roosevelt To Take Nomination START BALLOTING CHICAGO STADIUM, July 17— (A>)—With President Roosevelt’s third term nomination a foregone conclusion, the democratic con vention began balloting on a 1940 nominee at 11:13 (C.S.T.) tonight. A decision was expected on the first roll call of states. BY RICHARD L. TURNER CHICAGO STADIUM, July 17. — <7P) — The democratic national con vention clamorously plunged into the momentous business of nominating President Roosevelt for a third term tonight, immediately after adopting’ a party platform which expressed “pride” in the New Deal record and promised non-involvement in foreign wars. Capitalizing upon the great crowd’s uproarious enthusiasm for the Presi dent, leaders of the third term move ment planned to push straight through to the first third-term nomi nation of the party's history before adjourning tonight’s session. First Crack Alabama, first in the roll call of the states, and its senator, Lister Hill, were chosen to present the President’s name so that It might go before the convention at first crack out of the box, and possibly forestall further nominations. Nevertheless, although Senator Wheeler of Montana had withdrawn, the backers of Vice-President Gar ner and Postmaster General James A. Farley were determined to fight it out, no matter how bad the beat ing they obviously were doomed to take. The platform, approved after a rousing row within the resolutions committee on the question of assist ance to Great Britain, was whooped through on a roaring voice vote, after its adulatory references to President Roosevelt had evoked re peated loud demonstrations from the delegates and galleries. As finally drawn, tne document pledged the party to extend to "all liberty loving peoples wantonly at tacked by ruthless aggressors . . . all the material aid at our command, consistent with law and not incon sistent with the interest of our own national defense—all to the end that peace and international good faith may yet emerge triumphant.” Roosevelt Record Of the Roosevelt record, it said: "We are proud of our record. Therefore the party in convention assembled endorses wholeheartedly the brilliant and courageous leader ship of President Franklin D. Roose velt and his statesmanship and that of the congress for the past seven years, and to our great President and great leader we send our cordial greetings.” And on Involvement in war, the declaration was: ‘‘We will not participate in foreign wars, and we will not send our army, naval or air forces to fight in foreign lands outside the Americas, except in case of attacl;. We favor and shall rigorously enforce the Monroe Doc trine.” Hill took the speaker’s platform to say in nominating Mr. Roosevelt that "this is no time fo runtried hands to pilot the ship of state.” Still In Race Vice President John N. Garner and Postmaster General James A. Farley were still in the presidential race, and their suporters awaited only the proper point of the program before submitting their names. But Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Mon tana had finally withdrawn. It would ‘‘serve no useful purpose,” he said, "to be placed in nomination.” Speaking in a more than faintly sardonic tone, the senator asserted that while he had assumed Mr. Roosevelt would not be a candidate (Continued op. Paye Three; Col. *'