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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, July 19, 1940, Image 1

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^^,T«rarr Served by Leased Wire of the
, ' ASSOCIATED PEESS
And Southeastern North ,
A Carolina With Complete Coverage ol
State and National News
_ _
---- WILMINGTON, N. C., FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1940 + + ESTABLISHED 1867
SECRETARY GETS 422
VOTES ON FIRST TRY;
BANKHEAD IS SECOND
M’NUTT RUNS THIRD
Large Part Of Convention
Balks At Roosevelt’s
Choice Of Secretary
F. D. R. DELAYS TALK
" V
Adams, Jones And Farley
Also Nominated For
Second Place On Ticket
FIRST BALLOT
CHICAGO STADIUM, July 18—
<£>)—Unofficial tabulations of the
first ballot for a democratic vice
presidential nominee showed 627
7-10 for Wallace; 327 4-15 for Banit
head and scattered votes for half a
dozen others.
CHICAGO STADIUM, July 18.—
(/PI—After Tennessee had cast its
vote and with many states yet to
come, tally clerks said tonight the
first ballot for a democratic vice
presidential nominee showed:
Wallace 422 6-10
Bankhead 222 1-10
McNutt 53 8-10
Adams 11 1-2
Jones 5 9-10
Farley 4
Barkley 1.
CONVENTION BALKS
CHICAGO STADIUM, July 18.—
UP)—A huge segment of the demo
cratic national convention, balking
tonight at President Roosevelt’s
choice of Henry A. Wallace for the
vice presidency, loudly, wildly and
lengthily applauded Paul V. Mc
Nutt, Federal Security administra
tor, for that office.
And when McNutt, placed in
nomination against his will, came
forward to withdraw his name, it
fort-rightly refused to let him
speak, begging and imploring him
to stay in the race.
Only when Senator Alben W.
Barkley, of Kentucky, the conven
tion chairman, begged the crowd
to be quiet, reminding them that
the entire nation was listening,
would it let McNutt proceed.
Declares Himself Out
Standing at the lectern, tall and
oronzed, the perspiration stream
ing over his handsome features,
McNutt declared himself out of
the race. B|t the sentence de
claring his intention was all but
lost in the din of objection that was
raised.
“America needs strong, logical,
liberal and able leaders in the kind
if a world in which we live today,"
le said. “We cannot take chances
row. A nation only gets one chance
these days. If it makes a mis
take, it is lost. We must have
eaders who will keep this coun
;ry safe and free.
“We have such a leader in
franklin Delano Roosevelt. He is
ny commander-in-chief. I follow
lis wishes, and I am here to sup
iort his choice for vice president
>f the United Stated.”
The crowd yelled its disapproval
>f McNutt’s statement. Gravely
le nodded his head and withdrew
o the rear of the platform.
The opposition to Wallace wU
itherwise expressed in prolonged
soos, and shouts of derision, which
vent up in competition with ap
lame was mentioned. .• 1
race Datuc
Administration leaders reaily ad'
nitted they were in for a battle in
heir effort to obtain Wallace’s
lomination. Nevertheless they
jlaimed that they had enough votes
:o do so.
“It looks like we’ve got a fight on
iur hands,” said Senator Claude
Pepper of Florida, administration
illower, after circulating arnonf
;he delegations. “This may be an
ndirect stop-Roosevelt fight put on
iy those discontented persons who
'ailed to do it directly.”
Related to Pepper’s last state
ment was word from the White
House that Mr. Roosevelt would
lave to revise the address he has
prepared for delivery to the con
tention by radio if some one other
;han Wallace were chosen.
In fact word spread through the
lelegations that unless the con
tention chose Wallace, Mr. Roose
telt would refuse the nomination
lor first place on the ticket.
Other Names
The names of Speaker Bank
lead, Senator Alvah Adams of Col
irado, Senator Prentiss M. Brown
if Michigan, and Jesse Jones, the
__ (Continued on Page
A ^ ^ ^ o > ^ * XXX XXX
U. S. Will Parachute Troops
Experimental
Unit Formed
For Training
Plans For Mass Training 01
Air Corps Bombardment
Crews Announced
WILL SET UP SCHOOL
Parachute Experiment Step
In Rebuilding Army Along
European Lines
WASHINGTON, July 18.—12P!—
Formation of an experimental unit
of parachute troops and plans for
mass training of air corps bom
bardment crews were disclosed to
dav by the War Department.
Secretary Stimson announced
that a test platoon of two officers
and 48 men, chosen from volun
teers in the 29th infantry at Fort
Benning. Ga„ would undergo para
chute training from July 29 through
August 3 at the Safe Parachute
Company, Hightstown, N. J., near
Fort Dix.
Instruction Planned
Army air corps men and rep
resentatives of the parachute com
pany will instruct the men.
Although the department said the
tests would be “purely experimen
tal." it was indicated that the pla
toon might become the nucleus of
larger units after further study of
use of parachute troops in Euro
pean fighting.
Jr, conjunction wixn xne air coips
program to train 7,000 pilots and
3,600 bombardiers and navigators
a year, the army announced tnat
a school for multi-engine combat
crews would be opened neo t March
15, at Ellington Field, Wcrld War
pilot-training center near Sox ston,
Tex.
Such training has been given in
the past but not in specialized
schools.
An approriation of $1,687,800 has
been provided for hangars and
barracks at Ellington field and the
school will accomodate 555 stu
dents when completed, in addition
to a garrison of 200 officers and
1-279 enlisted men.
Ten Weeks Training
Bombardiers will be given 10
Peeks of training.
The experiment with parachute
troops marks a further step to
ward rebuilding the army along
European lines. Already, two ar
mored divisions similar to G e r
many’s hard-hitting “panzer” di
visions have been organized.
KIWANIS MEETING
SLATED TONIGHT
Approximately 150 Mem
bers Are Expected To At
tend Banquet At Beach
. ~ne annual Kiwanis division meet
“g and banquet will be held to-1
>gnt at 7 o’clock at the Ocean
wrace hotel, Wrightsville Beach.
Approximately 150 members and
Mir wives are expected to attend.
,,.ar°n Goldberg, presidentof the
iMnngton club, will preside.
Representatives from all clubs in
e seventh division are expected,
ncmding Goldsboro, New Bern
Uson, Greenville, Jacksonville
(Contirnpj on Page Three; Col. 4)
LWEATHER
Norn, n 10RECAST
and Sqt„.i!roIlna: Generally fair Friday
ait»rnom.r'ily excert for a few scattered
ejtrem?, tnundershowers in south and
e "est portions.
*“Snre7^°8icaI data for the 24 hours
6 -e-u p. m. yesterday).
1:30 a m temperature
to. 85-%!£, ,2: 1:30 a- m. 74; 1:30 p.
toinimnm 7,. p- m- SO; maximum 86:
nura 72; mean 78: normal 79.
1-an „ Humidity
to. 82-7-.■£' 96; 7:30 a. m. 95; 1:30 p.
' 1 -°0 p. m. 76.
. Total for 9iPrcipitation
^ inches? tL°“,rs ending 7:30 P- m
toonth, 1.12 inches' since first of the
Tides For Today
''iiminrfon High Low
iun - 9:31a 4:28a
*Ias»nboro Inlef 1(>:02P 4:42p
miet - 7:27a 1;27a
Sunrise s-i... 7:59p l:31p
* e 7;2*P i moonseT vfoaJ:22p 1 “
(Contmuetl on Page Ihreai Col. S).
I-* ~
World’s Biggest
Edward Sumnick, New York gem
merchant, displays the President
Vargas Diamond, largest uncut dia
mond in the world and fourth
largest ever found. Sent to Man
hattan from Brazil via London by
registered mail, it weighs 126.6(1
carats, 60/100 of a carat more
than the famed Jonker diamond.
Compare the Vargas stone with the
Jonker No. 1 diamond, mounted in
a $1,000,000 necklace.
TELEPHONE CALLS
INCREASE IN TY
Twenty - One Per Cent
Climb Noted Since Instal
lation Of Dial System
Daily telephone calls through the
Wilmington exchange have increased
about 21 per cent since the dial sys
tem was placed into operation June
22, J. R. Thomas, manager of the
office here, said yesterday.
In a check prior to the change to
dials, he said, Wilmingtonians aver
aged 8.8 calls per day per telephone.
They now average 11.3 per day per
phone.
Wilmington’s approximately 6,200
telephones make a total of 70,000
calls each 24 hours, whereas when
the manual system was in operation
they made about 55,000.
Thomas and other officials of the
company said this has been found to
be true in each city in which the
new phones are introduced. They
said, too, that it is no due entirely
to the novelty of the new system,
because the high rate of calls con
tinues “after the novelty has worn
off.”
A closer check can be kept on the
calls going through the office now
due to the fact that it is possible to
make a record of each time a phone
is lifted from its hook. These are
recorded on an electrical machine
and permanent records are kept if
desired by the company.
Thomas said despite the newness
of the dial system, complaints re
garding the service have shown no
increase. In general, he said, sub
scribers have been pleased with the
service.
With one or two exceptions, he
(Continued on Page Three; Col. C)
WRITER PRAISES
GREENFIELD LAKE
Leonard Roy, Of National
Geographic, Says It Is
Great Asset To City
‘‘Wilmingtonians evidently don’t
realize what an asset they have in
Greenfield lake,” Leonard Roy,
writer for the National Geographic
magazine, said here yesterday.
He visited the lake and the park
yesterday morning, as well as Or
ton plantation, Castle Hayne, and
other places in the county.
Greenfield, he paid, is entirely
unique. “I’ve never seen aything
like it and if properly developed it
could be made into one of the out
standing beauty spots of the entire
nation..
He praised the work being done
by the Greenfield Drive association
in developing the spot. He was
shown around the lake yesterday
by John Spillman, Jr., Louis T.
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4).
*■
Germans Raid
Southeastern
Scottish City
Bombs Smash Tenement
And Trap Number Of Per
sons In The Debris
SHIPS BATTLE PLANES
Airplane Of Type Used In
Flanders To Scout For
Troops Is Sighted
LONDON, July 18.—<#)—German
raiders dropped bombs in the
streets of a southeastern Scottish
city tonight, smashing a tenement
and trapping an undetermined
number of persons in the debris.
One bomb fell near a street car,
shattering the windows. The pas
sengers were not seriously hurt.
One raider machine - gunned a
street and parents rushed out to
drag playing children to safety.
uwaiiv, m. mui.ii
British ships off the northeast
coast of Scotland fought off an at
tack by German warplanes amid
shelling and bomb explosions so
intense that houses ashore rocked
with the vibration.
The sky was lit by the flashes of
anti-aircraft shells exploding like
fireworks, accompanied by the
thunder of bombs.
There were 16 families in the
bombed tenement, and authorities
said there were “some casualties.”
The bomber was reported shot
down later.
(The British censor deletes the
names of bombed places. Edin
burgh, Perth and Dundee, are size
able cities in southeast Scotland.)
The bombing climaxed a day in
which Britain was strafed with
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
SPANISH WORKERS
WANT GIBRALTAR
Support Nation’s Ambition
Of Joining Axis Powers
In Sharing War Spoils
MADRID. July 18.—Ml—The or
ganized Falangist (Fascist) work
ers of Spain took their cue today
from their chief of state and
marched through the streets of
Madrid shouting for a Spanish gib
raltar.
They sang, too, “Face to the
Sun!” on this fourth anniversary
of the nationalist revolution, and
put an outpouring of popular feel
ing behind Spain’s clear ambition
to join Germany and Italy in shar
ing the spoils of the British and
French empires.
Two hundred thousand workers
marched in the observance after
Generalissimo Francisco Franco
gave official approval to agitation
for Spanish domination of the
“rock” which ^ Britain has held
since 1704.
Four times the Spaniards have
attempted to regain Gibraltar
which the British took more than
200 years ago through a naval
bombardment and a landing party
of 1,800 marines.
Their attacks in 1704, 1720 and
1726 Were relatively light, but al
the time of the American revolu
tion they were joined by the
French in a famous four - year
siege.
I_*
F. B. I. Clears
Publicity Man
---
Carl Byoir, above, New York pub
ic relations counsel, was cleared of
charges of espionage for Germany,
made by Representative Wright
Patman of Texas. A department of
justice spokesman said that inves
tigation by the F. B. I. disclosed
“no evidence whatever” that Byoir
had engaged in un-American ac
tivity.
MANY NAZI TROOPS
SIGHTED IN SPAIN
Movement Of Armed Men
Into Country Reported By
Returning Americans
NEW YORK, July 18.— (B—A
concerted movement into Spain of
Germain soldiers — openly armed,
uniformed and mechanically
equipped—was reported today by
Americans who fled troubled Eur
ope through the Spanish peninsula.
Many said that they saw "thou
sands of Nazi soldiers” entering
Bilbao by armored car, as well as
choking the streets of Barcelona
and crowding the hotels of other
Spanish cities.
These first-hand reports from U.
S. citizens, who arrived home on
the liner Manhattan, came but a
day after Francisco Franco,
Spain’s chief of state, had served
notice on Great Britain that he in
tended to return Gibraltar to Spain.
Today, dispatches came from Eur
ope telling of the first Gibraltar
casualties in bombings by planes
from unidentified bases and of un
known nationality.
One of the 799 Manhattan pas
sengers, Henry Copley Greene, 68
year-old editor of a historical mag
azine in Boston, said:
“In my travels through Spain I
saw German soldiers everywhere.
Barcelona was flooded with Ger
man officers—in full uniform and
carrying sidearms. There was talk
everywhere of Spain getting Gi
braltar back from the British. The ]
Spanish people do not want to fight, .
but their leaders have been in- ]
fluenced by the Germans.”
Hull To Offer
New Plans At
Havana Meet
Predicts Americas Will
Deal Realistically’ With
Hemisphere Problems
U. S. GROUP LEAVES
Batista Urges Great Care
In Dealing With Ques
tion Of Protectorates
WASHINGTON, July 18. — UP) —
Secretary Hull left for Havana today
with a prediction that the 21 repub
lics at the emergency inter-American
conference wold deal “realistically”
with hemisphere problems arising
from the European war.
The secretary of state, accom
panied by 15 aides, took with him
guarded proposals for joint interna
tional action on a scale unprece
dented in the new world.
A careruuy-woraea statement mui
cated that such problems as the
status of American colonies of in
vaded France and the Netherlands,
fifth column activity, and coopera
tion to assure the political and eco
nomic security of this hemisphere
would be discussed.
.< Spirit of Friendliness
"The American republics approach
their task in a spirit of complete
friendliness toward all nations dem
onstrating their will to conduct in
ternational relations on the basis of
peace and friendship,” Hull said.
There was a hint that the con
ference might be expected to produce
only preliminary agreements rather
than positive immediate action.
By “complete exchange of infor
mation,” Hull said, “the ground will
thus be prepared for the adoption of
basic and concrete measures, having
common support, for the common
benefit of each and al lthe repub
lics.”
To Embark Today
The party, including trade, agri
culture and monetary experts, left
by train, for Miami, Fla., where to
morrow the group will embark on an
nvernight boat for Havana.
The conference of foreign ministers
>r their representatives, will open in
:he Cuban capital Sunday. It was
summoned hurriedly last month to
sonsider measures to prevent Allied
possessions from falling into Ger
man hands and to combat axis eco
nomic and political penetration.
CALLS FOR CARE
HAVANA, July 18. — GP> — Presi
lent-elect Fulgencio Batista of Cuba
iautioned tonight that the recently
liscussed question of establishing
srotectorates over European posses
ions in the nvestern hemisphere must
>e handled with great care by the
American ministers’ conference.
I Interpreting The War
BY KIRKE L. SIMPSON
Spain’s declaration of a “mis
sion” to regain Gibraltar is apt
to be dismissed impatiently in Bri
tain in view of far more urgent
perils at home.
It would not greatly increase the
danger in which England or Gi
braltar stand if Spain were to fight
to attain her announced ambition,
which seems wholly unlikely.
The outcome of the battle of Bri
tain, for which England is liter
ally sleeping on her arms, will
io more to determine what nation
s to hold the western door to the
Mediterranean than anything that
Spain may do.
That mighty rock fortress un
questionably could withstand the
combined assault of all Britain’s
actual or potential foes for many
months. The crisis in the battle
of Britain will have been reached
and passed long before a German
Italian-Spanish joint effort to re
duce Gibraltar by seige or storm
attack could even be organized ef
fectively.
As an illustration of German and
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)
Walker Is F. R.’s Choice
For National Chairman
BY JOSEPH H. SHORT
CHICAGO, July 18.—(/PI—Ur
bane, publicity-shy Frank Comer
ford Walker of New York city
was said on high authority today
to be President Roosevelt’s
choice for democratic national
chairman, replacing James A.
Farley.
Close friends of the chief ex
ecutive said the selection was
based on the understanding that
Farley, chairman since 1932,
would decline another term.
“Genial Jim’’ is expected to take
over the presidency of the New
York Yankee baseball club.
Walker, associates asserted,
has not yet agreed to take the
job but presidential advisers said
they expected Mr. Roosevelt to
“charm” him into it. Walker
has declared repeatedly through
out the democratic national con
vention that his candidate for
chairman was Farley.
A man with large business in
terests, Walker is said to have
pleaded that he could not take
out time from his many mana
gerial and directorial posts to
the chief party wheel-horse.
Among other things, he is presi
dent of the Comerford-Publix
corporation, operating moving
picture theatres in New York and
Pennsylvania.
Persons participating in con
ferences connected with choos
ing a new chairman predicted
the selection would not come out
of tomorrow’s meeting of the
democratic national committee,
which theoretically does the
picking. They said a sub-com
mittee probably would be given
authority to follow the Presi
dent’s will.
These informants also asserted
that in the event Walker flatly
refused to serve that a strategy
board, including Walker, would
run the 1940 presidential cam
paign.
Although formerly in one of the
top administration posts, director
of the old National Emergency
Council, Walker is one of the
least known of Mr. Roosevelt’s
intimates.
BERLIN WELCOMES
VICTORIOUS A Y
High Command Reports
New And Destructive
Raids Upon Britain
BERLIN, July 18.—OP)—1The bells
of Berlin rang jubilantly tonight
to welcome home victorious troops
from France, while in western
skies the German airforce struck
with new fury against England.
Even as throngs gathered along
Unter den Linden, the high com
mand reported new and destructive
bombing raids in Britain and an
nounced German troops had oc
cupied the French island of Oues
sant, opposite England’s Land’s
End and commanding the south
ern entrance to the English chan
nel.
Nazi bombers, said the high
command, attacked Britain’s key
shot, 30 miles from London, and
smashed at airports, industrial
plants and harbors in southern and
central England. Other raiding
planes set afire several British ves
sels in the channel and Nazi war
ships “somewhere overseas” sank
30,000 additional tons of British
shipping.
Among objectives reported hit by
bombers were the airport at Tun
bridge Wells, an industrial plant
at Eastbourne, Portland harbor
and a large armament factory at
Greenock, Scotland.
The returning troops, soldiers of
the first Berlin division, were wel
comed with a speech by Propa
ganda Minister Paul Joseph Goeb
bels after they goose-stepped
through the Brandenburg gate into
Pariser Platz, in the heart of the
city.
It was the sixth time in German
history that Berlin regiments
turning from war had passed
through the famous archway on
their way to the castle at the oth
er end of Unter den Linden, from
the defeat of Napoleon in 1814 to
December 10, 1918, after the World
war. 1
DENMARK WITHDRAWS
BERLIN, July 18—<*F— A DNB
dispatch from Copenhagen said to
night Denmark had withdrawn
Erom the League of Nations.
CHURCHILL ASSERTS PRESENT DANGERS
FORCE BRITISH TO YIELD TO JAPANESE
LONDON, July 18. UP)—Eng
land was told today in cold and
matter - of - fact phrases by
Prime Minister Churchill that
her peril at home is such that
the nation’s ministers must
sleep beside their desks and
that the dangers to her empire
have made it essential that she
yield to Japan on the other side
of the world.
He made a brief, unemotion
al statement and answered
questions in the House of Com
mons where, yesterday, news
of Britain’s decision to close
temporarily the remaining
routes for supplies tq the Chi
nese government brought cries
of “appeasement” and “Mu
nich.”
In surprisingly sharp lan
guage, Churchill also put his
foot down on any “large scale
exodus” from Britain to over
seas.
He said: “I do not believe
the military situation requires
or justifies such a proceeding
—having regard to the relative
dangers of going and staying
—nor, in fact, is it physically
possible.”
In his far - Eastern state
ment, Churchill reiterated Brit
ain’s often-expressed desire to
contribute to “a process of
peace and conciliation between
Japan and China.
He made these points:
1. Britain and Burma have
agreed to suspend for 3 months
the transport of ammunition,
gasoline, trucks and railway
material to China both from
Hongkong and over the road
from Burma.
2. Britain has not forgotten
her obligations to China nor
her desire to see her free and
independent, but the dominant
fact now is that “we ourselves
are engaged in a life and death
struggle-’* £
3. “Rapidly growing ten
sion” with Japan over passage
of supplies to China demanded
that something be done, yet
permanent closure of the sup
ply routes would be repudia
tion of British promises to help
China; therefore, “what we
have made is a temporary ar
rangement in the hope that the
time so gained may lead to a
solution just and equitable to
both.”
Churchill needed no emotion
al flourishes to drive home his
point about the king’s minis
> (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2).
Coast Line Detective
Arrested For Murder
ROCKY MOUNT, July IS—
UP)—N. F. English, >*«itic
Coast Line railroad detective,
was arrested today on a charge
of murder brought in connec
tion with the shooting and
death of James Dixon unem
ployed Charlotte painter,
English posted bond pending
a preliminary hearing in city
recorder’s court July 26.
Deputy Sheriff Felton of
Edgecombe count found Dixon
lying on a road yesterday
morning with a bullet wound in
his abdomen. He died today.
Officers said that Dixon was
caught hoboing and was acci
dentally shot while trying to
escape.
BURKE PROMISES
TO HELP WILLKIE
Nebraska Democrat Offers
To Lead Campaign
Against F. D. R.
WASHINGTON, July 18.—UP)—De
scribing as “sacred” the tradition
al limitation of two terms for a
president, Senator Burke (D-Neb)
publicly pledged his support to
Wendell Willkie today and offered
to lead a campaign of “education”
against another four years for
President Roosevelt.
The Nebraska democrat, who
has long been at odds with some
new deal policies, made public a (
letter to the republican president
ial nominee, in which he stated (
that “in the light of present world ]
conditions it is essential for our
country to maintain the two-term
limitation on the tenure of office (
of president, I shall work for your
victory at the polls in November.”
In Colorado Springs where he is
vacationing, Willkie said he was
“greatly pleased” and that many
“other leading democrats” would
back the republican ticket.
Ji C. Quigley, Nebraska, demo
cratic national committeeman, said
Burke “is finally getting into the
political party he has been support
ing for the last six years.”
From comments of republicans
on the renomination of Mr. Roose
velt, it was apparent that they ex
pected the third term question to
figure greatly in the campaign.
Representative Martin of Massa
chusetts, the party’s national chair
man, said in a statement in New
York that it would give the people
a chance to determine “whether
they want to toss aside this histor
ical protection against a one-man
government.”
“I have supreme confidence in
the good judgment of the people,”
he added.
But Senator Norris find - Neb) .
said he did not think that the peo
ple would pay any attention to the
third term issue.'
“A majority of those who oppose
Roosevelt on a third term would
be against him anyway,” he said.
“In fact, they belong in the Willkie
CaJX" ,l ,y ^ 1

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