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WILMIMSTOM ASSOCIATED PBESS And Southeastern North With Complete Coverage of Carolina Stale and National News _ _WILMINGTON, N. €., THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1940 * if ESTABLISHED 1867 LC.L. ORDERS 18 DIESEL PASSENGER LOCOMOTIVES ILLINOIS FIRM PLANS TO FILL LARGE ORDER X - ANNOUNCED BY DAVIS Electroc - Motive Corp.> G.-M. Subsidiary, Will Build Engines FALL DELIVERY SLATED Coast Line And Pennsylva nia Also Order 21 Steel Streamlined Coaches An order, said to be the largest of its kind ever placed, for 18 die selelectric passenger locomotive units, was announced by C. McB. Davis, of Wilmington, executive vicepresident of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad company, in New York yesterday, according to an Associated Press dispatch. The ElectrocMotive Corpl, a sub sidiary of General Motors Corpl, at La Grange, 111., will build the units. Delivery in October F. W. Brown, general manager of the A.C.L., said here last night that the first delivery of the en gines will be made in October and will continue until December. The dieselpoweyed locomotives are expected to be placed in opera tion on the A.C.L lines some time in December. While the value of the order for the units was not revealed, a spokesman for the road said that both the dollar total and the horse power involved were the greatest on record for passenger diesels. The announcement by Mr. Davis also revealed that the Atlanic Coast Line and the Pennsylvania Railroad have ordered 21 stainless steel streamline coaches to double the capacity of the “Champion,” new streamline New York to Plori da flyer train operated jointly by the two companies. George B. Elliott, president of the A.C.L., said last night that ad ditional cars are to be bought from time to time. It is expected that the order for the new streamline coaches will be augmented to go with each of the diesel locomotive -unto. In making the announcement in Mew York, Mr. Davis said that greater vacation travel to Florida was primarily responsible for the Drder. However, he added: “The rapid gains of industry in ;he southeastern states demands a :orresponding increase in new trains. The manufacturing centers Df the intermediate south can be ;xpected to increase their produc tion since America, because of the European war, is forced to supply its own markets, and we look con idently to new and greater develop nent in the south in the n ea r luture.” 3 BRITAIN TO LINK PLANS WITH U. S. [old It Must Dovetail Mill tary Effort With Ameri can Defense Program LONDON, Aug. 7.— <-£>> —Great Britain must dovetail her own mil tary effort with the American de fense program to win the wart par lament was told today. The government spokesman, Ar hur Greenwood, pictured Ameri :an factories—guided by war-train id technical experts from Britain -in the role of supplementary pro iucers of war material with the British fighting forces as the con lumers. His comment raised the question if immensely increased shipments if arms from a country girding or her own defense but at the lame time seeking to aid the Brit sh in all ways "short of *war.” "The need to supplement our own i reduction by drawing upon the last and invulnerable capacity of s'orth America has immensely hi ireased since the fall of France,’* Jreenwood said. "While but a few months ago ve were placing orders with Amer can industry to supplement the leficiencies in the combined Al ied production, we now need to mbark on a much more exten (Continued on Page Five; C<^ £ *★* *■ * * * * ★ ★★★ ★★★ ★★★ ♦ Volunteer Nation#' Guard Proposal Beaten -_ *r-----*,■ -,*— - Bill To Call Troops Nears final Passage Leaders Of Senate Anti Conscription Bloc Are On The Losing Side HOLT, MINTON BATTLE Senate Military Committee LJrges Passage Of Con scription Measure WASHINGTON. Aug. 7.— Leaders of the senate anticonscnp tion bloc found themselves on the losing side today when they sup ported a plan to muster the Naton al Guard upon a voluntary rather than a compulsory basis. The senate, by a vote of 47 to 36. rejected the plan, which had been offered as an amendment to a pending bill empowering th e President to call out the militia and the army reserve forces for twelvemonths active service any where in the Western Hemisphr. Nars Final Passage The chamber pushed the latter legislation to a point very near final passage. After that action, which leaders expected tomorrow, the senate is scheduled to take up the conscription bill itself, subject ing all men between 21 and 30, in elusive, to selective compulsory mi litary training. The issues involved in the latter were tangled again today in the discussion of the National Guard bill, and the intensity of the con troversy involved led again to a bitter exchange of personalities be tween senators Holt (DWVa) and Minton (DInd). Meanwhile, the senate military committee, which approved the BurkeWadsworth conscription bill 13 to 3 several days ago, issued a report on the measure urging its enactiment "for the adequate pro lection of the cherished heritages of a nation.” It would "be crimi nal. the document said, "to give the nation a false sense of secutity by the mere possession of defen sive armaments and a correspond ®g lack of trained men.” Danaher Presents Issue Senator Danaher 'RConn), who “as not yet declared his position (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5) tin SEEKS PART IN ROAD SURVEY ^ That Highways In This Section Be Includ ed In Defense Plans com!?"'-118. *he State Highway nl lsslon s announcement of ‘ ,[or a highway survey to pre ipfo. ”e f*ate system for national ConJe' Mttl 1Iaynr Thomas E. aserIf T L°Uis T' Moore' man* PK( , he chamher of commerce, :hairm Wrote t0 Frank Dunlap, ancl asked that roads =d in a!"8 his section be consider ° m ‘he survey. IfoprtT' ,citin6 the importance of t» F vpu v°ad from Wilmington w th 1° in connecting Fort included.*6 aSk6d that “ HighwayS3ld U' S' 17‘ the Ocean ■ is one of the nation’s (C°ntimiPfl on Page Five; Col. 6) ! Tr>, ^ _""”i Xorih '’RECAST *f - 'L”rr:Jl"a: Partly cloudy Thurs » A preceded by showers Thursday. eMinV f.on1"'1"11 data for the 24 hours k P. in yesterday) 1:30 a e Irnipcratiire » 5c; 7Si l8; 7:30 a. m. 7G; 1-70 p. '"ininuim . p' 721 maximum 90: *' n>°an St; normOil 78. 1:30 a , Humidity *-<2- N>: cdO a. m. 87/; 1:30 p. p. m. 94. .Total t,. ,, Precipitation J51 inches ■" t ♦ *irs endmB 7:30 p. m„ ttdlui,. 5.44 inche1! Smce £irst o£ the Tides For Today "dminstton High Low u -12:58a 8:21a *,M»horo ]„,* 4:31P 8:47p ‘'net -ll:2»a 5:06a >nris, s.ok,. 11:40P 5:37p i,!W'l7a;moSn„seStU^:23p7:07P: m001" Koatinued on Pace Kiv(.. ..., M I - Heat? Wha' ^ ^ v | Smartest thing three-year-old Tommy Kane of Dallas, Tex., ever did was to realize that he is small enough to crawl into a refrigerator. So here’s birthday-suited Tommy, eating ice-cold watermelon under a fan-wafted breeze, hah-bahing the heat for all he’s worth. Harry O’Connor Elected President Of Florists NAME OTHER OFFICERS Will Rehder, Of Wilming ton, Praised At Annual Meet Of Association Harry O'Connor, of Greensboro, wag elected president of the North Carolina State Florists association to succeed A. J. Fallon, of Raleigh, at last night’s session of che 20th an nual convention at the Ooean Ter race hotel, Wrightsville Beach. Other officers elected were: W. T. Ivey, of Albemarle, first vice-president; C. M. Montgomery, of Durham, second vice-president; and Robert Grunert, of Winston Salem, secretary-treasurer. The 1941 convention will be held in Charlotte. Greensboro was the other city bidding for the iteeting. Retiring President Fallon presided over the meeting. ' The delegates voted to send a basket of flowers and fruit to Mrs- Will Rehder, of Wilmington, who is ill at her home. Fallon on behalf of the association paid tribute to the Wilmington flor ists who made arrangements for the convention, and especially to Rehder, who he described as "one of the most outstanding and beloved florists in North Carolina.” The report of the secretary-treas urer was heard before the session ad journed until today’s meeting. The Florists Telegraph Delivery held its annual banquet at the Pink club and the Telegraph Delivery Service held its annual banquet ses sion at the Ocean Terra.ce hotel last night. The center of interest during the day was a floral display in the lobby of the hotel showing the growth de velopment of an orchid from the glass-covered pinhead stage to the full grown plant. The exhibit was shown by Carolina Orchid Growers, of Southern Pines, one of the two firms in the state producing these plants. The full grown orchid was planted (Continued on Page Five; Col. 5) Nazi Airmen Resume Attacks On Britain A SOUTHWEST TOWN OF ENGLAND, Aug. 8.—(Thurs day)—(AP)—Two waves of German warplanes raided this town last night and early to day as German airmen suddenly accelerated their attacks on Great Britain after a brief rest. The Germans twice dropped brilliant flares to light up the whole town. Immediately after ward, the dull boom of the bombs was heard somewhere on the outskirts and then Brit ish fighters were heard racing to intercept their enemy. Scores of searchlights swept the sky as the engines of the bopibers were distinctly heard. WU ARMORY BODY PLANNED AT MEET Reserves Set Up Organiza tion To Take Over Build ing If Actives Called The Wilmington Light Infantry reserve corps met last night at the armory on Market street to set up an organization composed strictly of reserve members who will take over the armory in the event active mem bers of the military unit are called into active service. , A tentative list of officers was elected, with Thomas H. Wright be ing named president. Other officers elected were: Roger Moore, vice-president; C. Roger Morse, secretary; Leo E. Sykes, treasurer; Dr. Edwin F. Keever, chaplain; Douglas B. Up church, historian. An army finance committee, com posed of C. McD. Davis, Thomas W. (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) $3,000Released Through Local Food Stamp Setup About $3,000 in new money has been released into the food trade1 channels of Wilmington and New Hanover county since the inception of the Federal Surplus Commodity corporation’s food stamp plan here on July 16, Reuben Roebuck, is suing officer, announced yesterday. A total of $5,000 in orange stamps have been sold to WPA workers, workers awailing assignment to WPA, old age assistance, aid to de pendent children, aid to blind, com modities only, general relief and consolidated cases. One-half of this amount was issued additionally to the clients in blue stamps for tree foodstuffs, known as surplus com modities. Roebuck emphasized that this is entirely new business which would not have been released to the food dealers without the food stamp plan’s existence here. The issuing officer said New Han over’s office has been successfully operated because a large percent age of eligible participants have purchased stamps. There are ap proximately 2,000 persons in the (Continued on Page Five; Col. .4). Georgia Weed Marts Start Sales Today Farmers Await Start Of Sales To Tell Story Of Prices This Season WANT 15-CENT LEVEL Producers Watch For Im perial Buyers; Quality Of Crop Rated Good TIFTON, Ga., Aug. 7—About 250,000 southern farmers, with an investment in cash and months of labor at stake, tonight awaited he opening tomorrow of the Geor gia-Florida tobacco markets to tell the story of profits or losses ahead of them this season. They looked to the first sales as a fair guide to prices to be expect ed when the season advances and the buyers move into the Carolinas and Virginia, states producing the bulk of the cigarette type leaf. Seventeen Markets Growers hauled the newly-cured yellow leaves of tobacco to ware houses in 17 market towns, where auctions will begin. Two are in Florida, at Lake City and Live Oak, where tobacco lately was develop ed as an important crop; the others are in Georgia at Adel, Baxley, Blackshear, Douglas, Harira, Ha zlehurst, Metter, Moultrie, Nash ville, Pelham, Statesboro, Tifton, Valdosta, Vidalia and Waycross. ji Producers hoped federal farm of- , ficials would be able to make good ] their efforts to maintain a mini- ; mum price average near the 15 cent level, and watched for appear- , ance of Imperial Tobacco company , buyers as a sign the large portion ; of the crop usually sold Great Bri tain would be reserved for possible ; future export. i Quality Good There seemed to be general , agreement as to the good quality of the crop this year. E. C. West- ■ brook, specialist of the Georgia Ex- 1 tension service, said it was espec- : ially. suited for cigarette trade. “Tobacco came through the rainy : season remarkably well”, he said. “A good many statements have been issued regarding the outlook for the price. Nobody knows just what tobacco will bring this season ; until the auctioneer begins his ; chant”. Westbrook repeated the urgings of farm officials that growers 1 “dress” their leaf for the markets, l sorting it carefully as one assur ance of obtaining the best prices possible. Federal experts provide j instruction in a number of tobacco i centers for farmers on grading and | handling the leaf for market. 4 j — _ 4 HUNGARY TO MAKEi STRONG DEMANDS; - i Calls For Return Of Three Fourths Of Transylva nia From Rumania -—— i BUDAPEST, Hungary, Aug. 7.— 1 Hungary served notice tonight f that in her 20-year-long territorial J dispute with Rumania she will be satisfied with nothing less than a return of 70 per cent of Transyl vania. This work, it was learned on high authority, was given to Raoul Bos sy, a Rumanian envoy, in a half lour talk with Hungarian Premier Pal Teleki at the foreign office. Bossy it was announced will re turn to Bucharest tomorrow to in form his government of Hungary’s position. - Signs that Germany was pro- 1 ding Rumania to make a quick set- ■, tlement of Hungary’s claims were i seen today in Bucharest. < The newspapers there ceased all i claims for resistance against the i Hungarian demands. Instead, they reprinted a erlin foreign office ar 1 tide which criticized Rumanians r “who have assumed an attitude of i false heroism in settling relations t with Hungary.” 4 I - i SLIGHT TREMORS ’ BUENOS AIRES, Argentina, t Aug. 7.—(tf)—Slight earth tremors c lasting 38 seconds were felt in Cal- t ingasta department in the province t if San Juan. No damage was re- I ported. 3 Evokes Memory Of Glamor Star Memories of one of the screen’s nost glamorous stars were evoked >y Helen Dalzell, of Washington, pictured as she recently arrived in New York after 18 months in Rio le Janeiro. In Hollywood, she serv ed as the “double” for the late lean Harlow. DEFENSE PROGRAM APPROVED BY UNC Expected To Result In Training Of 1,000 Air plane Pilots A Year RALEIGH, Aug. 7—UP)—Universi y of North Carolina trustees today ipproved an ambitious prepared less program which Governor loey said would result in the train ng of 1,000 pilots a year from imong students at the Chapel Hill init, Duke University in Durham md N. C. State college in Raleigh. Plans include the acquisition of in airport near Chapel Hill for Carolina and Duke students, and i field here for State college stu ients. The trustee also directed that the Chapel Hill unit immediately insti ute compulsory physical education nodeled as closely as possible ilong the lines of military training n R.O.T.C. schools. The board unanimously approved itobert M. Salter of Ohio State Uni versity as director of the state ex jeriment station, with Dr. Leon ird David Baver of Ohio State as issociate director, effective Octo >er 1. Salter succeeds Dr. R. Y. Win ers, who took a federal job Octo >er 15, 1937. Dr. Frank P. Graham, University resident told the board that one of ts members, Richard J. Reynolds if Winston-Salem, had agreed to ;ive $5,000 a year for ten years or agricultural research which ialter will head, and that the gen eral education board would make 152,000 available in six years. “Without these funds we could lot have obtained this man, ranked is one of the nation’s five top men n agricultural research,” Dr. Gra lam said. Under questioning by Mark Las iter of Snow Hill, Dr. Graham aid Salter had the approval of itate college faculty members, and idded that the appointment might iring the college and the State de lartment of agriculture closer to lether. The two have been at odds requently in the past. “You know, there’s been contro versy for 40 years,” Dr. Graham (Continued on Page Five; Col. 5) Italians Take Port And City In Somaliland Troops March Into Zeila, On Gulf Of Aden, And Also Seize Hargeisa EGYPTIAN PUSH LOOMS Fascist Authorities Claim Successes In Air Raids On British Bases CAIRO, Egypt, Aug. 7.—(^—Ital ians advancing in British Somali land in an apparent overture to a great war of peimre for domi nance in Africa have marched iiJto Zeila, a port on the Gulf of Aden across from the British protector ya for an attack upon Britain’s vital strongholds in Egypt. Zeila Undefended Zeila was declared to have been undefended. All these moves suggested an Italian campaign to occupy the re gion of the southern outlet of the Red Sea—an essential in British empire communications — before the expected assault on Egypt it self. The British, outnumbered on land but including some of the world’s strongest desert troops, proclaimed at their middle-eastern headquarters here that they wel comed the showdown, expressing condencfie that the British navy would starve and cut off Premier Mussolini’s African soldiers in the end and destroy his African dream. The Italian forces facing Egypt —the land of the Suez Canal so essential to the British—were con centrated near Bardia, Libya. The British declared officially the enemy had not set foot across the frontier. ‘‘The only Italians presently on Egyptian soil.” they said, “a r e one general and 818 officers and others—prisoners.” The Italians maneuvered for position for ane enveloping attack on Egypt; French Somalland ap pears now in their hands and Ital (Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) FREAK ELECTRICAL STORM HITS CITY At Least 2 Homes Struck By Lightning; Rainfall Totals 1.90 Inches A 1.90-inch rainfall that was ac companied by one of the most ec centric electrical storms seen here in years, brought the mercury off the hot seat here yesterday after noon after a 90-degree temperature had been recorded. The capriciousness of the light ning, however, stole tiie show', with thunderbolts being unleashed against at least two homes in the city and two light poles. The dam age was small in each instance. The lightning struck the home of Horace S. Sikes, of 513 North Third street, at 1:39 p. m., striking the chimney and then going down and jumping on a gas meter line. From (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) Agreement Is Made To Put Water Carriers Under ICC Regulations WASHINGTON, Aug. 7.— <JP> — L conference agreement paved the ray today for congress to complete .ction soon on the bill placing rater carriers under the regulation if the interstate commerce com nission, along with the railroads nd motor carriers. Chairman Lea (D-Calif) of the louse interstate commerce com littee said the legislation, dealing I’ith many phases of transporta ion, would be called up in the louse within a few days. It was ecommended ^y President Roose elt two yea... ago but had been ied up for more than a year while onferees of the senate and house trove to adjust differences be ween the separate versions of the till passed by the two chambers. One stumbling block was an amendment by Rep. Harrington (D Ia) forbidding the ICC to approve any railroad merger, consolidation or abandonment which would elim inate any jobs. As finally worked out, this provision would be modi fied to permit the elimination of jobs provided displaced workers are paid their salaries for no more than four years afterwards. The confer ees also eliminated the reference to 'Abandonment. Also dropped from the final draft was an amendment by Rep. Wads worth (R-NY) w'hici. would permit Carriers to reduce their rates so long as they provided a “compen satory return.” Proponents of this provision ar gued that it would enable water carriers to reduce their rates to meet rate-war competition by rail- ■ roads, while its opponents argued . that it would disrupt the whole rate-making process. Wadsworth ' made public a letter to the house ( membership contending that its . elimination was unjustified and un- i precedented since both chambers bad approved it. The big bill, which originated with a committee appointed by President Roosevelt four years ago also would repeal the statutes which require the "land grant ’ , railroads to parry government . freight and troops free and would ( authorize the Reconstruction Fi- j nance corporation to make certain ( new railroad loans where private financing is lacking Advertising Group Thanked By Stimson For Pledging Help WASHINGTON, Aug. 7. Secretary of War Stimson thanked the Advertising Feder ation of America today for pledging the support of their organization in strengthening the national defense. After a federation committee called upon him, Stimson re called that during the World war the federation had mater ially aided in the liberty loan campaigns and had assisted the American Red Cross in raising funds to relieve suffering. He noted also that federation members were serving on the selective service committee in order to make more ffective the operation of any universal training act that may be pass ed. Members of the federation committee who called on Stim som were: Mason Britton, vice president of McGraw-Hill Publishing company; Earle Pearson, gen eral manager of the advertis ing federation, and Lieutenant Colonel Gilbert T. Hodges, chairman, executive commit tee of the New York Sun. 4 MANY MAROONED BY DIXIE STORM Hurricane Leaves Trail Of Destruction In Texas, Louisiana Lowlands PORT ARTHUR, Tex., Aug. 7.— (TP)—A tropical hurricane moved in land with diminishing intensity to night, leaving a trail of destruction in the Sabine area of Texas and the Louisiana coastal lowlands. One person was dead, scores ma rooned and nine injured as the 75 mile-an-hour winds overtook some of the hundreds who sought safety in flight, either inland or to public buildings. The storm roared into Texas from the east and lashed Port Ar thur and Orange before heading northwest across the state. Roofs were whisked from houses, trees uprooted and advertising signs sent whirling dangerously througn tne air. The body of Chen Tung Sing, Chi nese worker in a shrimp packing plant, was found in Bayou Bara taria at Crown Point, La. James Gordon, a fisherman, was found safe after being reported lost. Twenty-two persons on fishing parties out of Morgan City, La., were reported safe. The weather bureau at New Or leans said in its 8:30 p. m. (CST) report that all storm warnings had been ordered down at midnight and there would be no further ad visories on this storm. The bureau said the disturbance would continue its slow west northwest movement tonight with i diminishing intensity. Center of the storm passed in land between Sabine and Port Ar thur, and winds at the peak reg istered 95 miles an hour in gusts, blowing steadily at 75. None of the injured was reported hurt seriously. There were no re ports of loss of life or serious damage in Texas thus far.