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The Sunday Star-New* Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-New* At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments DIAL 3311 Entered at Second Class Matter at Wilming tom N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congreef of March 3, 1879 _ Subscription Rates bt Cabbies Payable Weekly or in Advance Combine Star Hew* tion 1 Week -. • • • .3 -30 $ -15 3 .3C 3 Months .• • 2-60 1.95 3.90 ( Months 5-20 2-2® 7.80 J Tear .10.40 7.80 15.60 Hew* rates entitle subscriber to Sunday Issue of 8tar-Hew* ~~ By Mail Payable Strictly in Advance Comblna Star Hew* tion 1 Month ..3 -75 3 .50 3 .90 8 Months ..2-00 1-60 2.75 C Months .. 4 00 2.00 6 1 Tear . 8.00 6.00 10.00 Hew* rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Btar-Hews (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month.3 .50 6 Months .33.00 3 Month*. 1.50 1 Year . 6.00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month.3 -20 6 Months .31-25 3 Months.65 12 Months . 2-50 Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of 25 cents per line. Count five words to line The Associated Pbess is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Sunday 8tar-Hew* SUNDAY, AUGUST 18, 1940 i — —-——-—--——-1 Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from Wrightsville Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits. So-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road- to Southport, cia Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained-yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one, county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. , Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around tht Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. TOP '0 THE MORNING It is true that we shall meet the Lord Jesus to receive rewards for service, as runners in a race line up before the -judges of the race to receive their prizes. But those who arc in Christ need have no fear as to their eternal destiny. That v;as determined the moment we accepted the Lord Jesus as our Saviour and had our names written upon the Lamb's book of life. S. S. Times. Traffic Lanes Needed With Wilmington’s traffic problem being gradually solved, it is pertinent to suggest that left turns from the right instead of the left side at intersections would be reduced if z two traffic lanes on each side of the street center were marked with white paint near corners, with arrows in indicating how motor cars may proceed without creating hazards. The police have painted arrows at some intersections to direct drivers to make short turns instead of rounding the old “deadmen.” 'r Their presence has prevented much confusion and promoted a smooth flow of traffic. If lanes were defined, as here suggested, near intersections, and displayed arrows in dicating that drivers may make a left turn only from the left lane and must either turn right or go straight ahead from the right lane there is no doubt that traffic safety would be advanced. Whether the plan is adopted or not, tt is still the duty of drivers to turn left only from the left lane. ' Ford Contract Important The contract for 4,000 warplane motors, which the National Defense council has enter ed into with Henry Ford is important for many reasons, two in particular. In the first place it shows that Mr. Ford is ready to do his part in the defense program. Declaring that his plants in the United States would engage in warplane or engine production only for defense purposes, when he rejected the Rolls-Royce order for Brit ain which was kicked around so long, he was held in some quarters to be unsympathetic even with our own defense program. This order which he accepts is a very definite and satisfactory answer to that charge. Secondly, his plant will have opportunity, in fulfilling this order, to test its ability for mass production of warplane motors and gain experience to meet even large demands which the rearmament effort inevitably will make Upon it. i Tobacco Markets Tobacco warehouses in the Border belt have become the scene of great activity as Tues day’s market opening nears. Much weed is al ready on the floors and sorters are grading still more preparatory to offering it for sale. Roads to Whiteville, Chadburn, Fairmont and Lumberton are dotted with growers’ trucks and trailers transporting the cured product. Sale managers report that recent rains have done some damage but not as much as would have followed earlier downpours. Offerings are expected to run approximately 40 per cent und er last year’s, but the mass of the weed is grading higher and naturally prices will top those of 1939. One optimistic manager believes the average may be as high as 22 cents. Others fear he is thinking* wishfully rather than factually, but agree that -the average pound rate will well compensate the growers for their work. In a survey of the belt and warehouses, the Star-News was impressed chiefly by the fine spirit among warehousemen and growers and their feeling of hopefulness. They agree the demand is all they could expect. Competition among buyers will be keen, they say, and cite the fact that cigarette manufacturers are working extra shifts as reason for their be life. The position is justified by the fact that 3,000.000.000 more .cigarettes were manufac tured in May this year than in the same month in 1939.. With the market for manu factured tobacco what it is, and the benefits of federal crop control apparent already, the growers anticipate fat years ahead. The Border belt will be well worth visiting during the next two months by any persons jwho lack faith in the section’s agricultural re * sources and possibilities. A 200-mile junket | among the warehouse centers could do a lot for ' doubting Thomases. 3 Willkie Challenges Hitler For the most part, Mr. Willkie's acceptance speech was what we could expect. It contained neither constructive ideas nor sound reasoning. It was framed for political effect, in the sole hope of winning favor with on-the-fence voters. Only the election itself can reveal if he was successful in this. It may be said, however, that unless Mr. Willkie is able to develop a new strategy and can offer American voters more logical reasons for voting for him than he has done in this address, as the campaign advances, he wTill share the fate of Mr. Hoover and Mr. Landon. He certainly cannot hope to re-establish the Republican party in power by repeating such bald assertions as characterized his attacks on Mr. Roosevelt's official integrity and hon esty of purpose. On the contrary he is more likely to strengthen Mr. Roosevelt’s hold on the American masses with such declarations as: "He has dabbled in inflammatory state ments and manufactured panics ... He has courted war . . . (hist attacks on foreign pow ers 'have beent useless and dangerous . . .” The people at large naturally ■will appraise the man who makes such charges as not only quarrelsome but unsafe, and will think a long time before deciding to place the nation’s desti ny in his hands. T3, ,4 4V> 5 c> ^ c-„«a>4 1\/T- Willi-;**'.. if not its only dangerous element. When he is sue a direct challenge to Hitler, he proves himself, if not quite a national menace, at least a man of unsound and eminently danger ous mentality. Note this excerpt from h i s speech: ‘‘I promise, by returning to those same American principles that overcame German autocracy once before, both in business and in war, to outdistance Hitler in any contest he chooses in 1940 or after. And I promise that when we beat him, we shall beat him on our own terms, in our own American way.” He accuses Mr. Roosevelt of courting war, but himself challenges Europe’s chief dictator to war. Is this what the American voters rea sonably expect of a presidential candidate? Whatever other views Mr. Willkie holds on the issues now before the people of the United States, this statement alone proves his in eligibility for the presidency. If there were any reason or any other grounds for Mr. Roosevelt to accept his invitation to debate foreign and domestic affairs during the campaign, he junk ed it when he, in these ill-considered words, ‘‘courted war” so blantently. Hitler Blockades Britain Hitler’s declaration that neutral ships try ing to enter British ports will be sunk without warning is unmistakable evdence that a Ger man blockade of the British Isles is to inter lace with the bombing campaign now going forward with the full fury and power of the Nazi air force. That the Germans are deter mined to prosecute their war agaipst Britain with every resource at their command is ob vious. If, by blockade and air attack, Hitler can achieve his goal there will be no need to attempt invasion—which involves hazards even he, for all his ruthlessness, will under take only as a last resort. The blockade would seem to indicate this. It is not improbable that the stiff resistance of the British and the magnificent defense the Royal Air Force is conducting may lead to wider and wider bombings of civilian centers. We have no reason to suppose that Hitler will hesitate to slaughter noncombatants with complete disregard of all humanitarian con siderations, if his attack on industries and airfields does not intimidate the British to his liking. The situation is a difficult one for the defenders of Britain, for the greater their resistance the more they encourage the enemy to direct their bombs at innocent peo ple. There will be no let-up, of course, in the Brit ish defense, on this score. There will be wide spread mourning and regard, but the British will read .in the slaughter a forecast of what to expect if Hitler should be victorious, and harden their hearts and steady their aim in redoubled effort to escape such a fate. Rather thousands of noncombatants dead than their nation wiped out—we believe that Brit ish morale has reached this heroic pitch. The Battle of Britain, however, is far from lost. If the nation can withstand the wither ing rain of bombs and survive the blockade for a few weeks longer, bad weather will come to Britain’s aid, and winter will bring famine on the continent to fight on her side. 2 Editorial Comments From Other Angles JEFFERSON ON THE DRAFT New York Herald-Tribune The opponents to the draft in the Senate have been making a great effort to show what universal compulsory military training is somehow inconsistent with American democ racy and the nation’s early traditions. When Senator Burke remarked for example, that Gen. Washington had made a pproposal for compulsory training in 1783, Senator Wheel er retorted that if George Washington “couldn’t put it across, it was because the people wouldn’t stand for it,” thereby dis missing the subject in a way that gives a wholly erroneous impression of the infant na tion’s attitude toward military service. When the Revolutionary War came to an end the American people were prepared to fight two military institutions tooth and nail, these being a standing army of professional soldiers and a military aristocracy. They looked upon both as menaces to their liberties, the first as an instrument or despotism with which they had had painful experience under British rule, the second as a caste that might win control of their general government and, through it, impose a hereditary aristocracy on the nation. Every suggestion for a volun teer army, enlisted in peace time for long periods of service, was viewed with sharp suspicion, and these suspicions were warmly epressed by Jefferson and all the liberals of his persuasion but what they all did want instead was a well equipped and intensively trained militia, in whicn every able-bodied man would be compelled by law to undergo periodic training, and against such compul sory training there was no popular prejudice at all. “None but an armed nation can dispense with a standing army,” wrote Jefferson in 1803. “To keep ours armed and disciplined is therefore at all times important.” Ten years later he wrote: “We must train and classify the whole of our male citizens, and make mili tary instruction a regular part of collegiate education. We can never be safe till this is done.” The next year he wrote: “We cannot be defended but by making every citizen a soldier, as the Greeks and Romans who had no standing armies.” When writing of the militia it must not be supposed that Jefferson and his contemporaries had in mind a home guard force, at the disposition of local au thorities only, for Jefferson again and again deplored suggestions that militia service should be limited geographically and that militia units should not be sent out of the country, for the specific reason that such limitations on the national use of the militia would be an argument for a standing profes sional army. As early as 1777, when measures were adopted for conscripting men into the army through the militia, the purpose of them was: “For making provision against invasions and insurrections, and laying the burden equal ly upon all.” This was conceived to be the only form of training consistent with democ racy, while the recruiting of volunteers into the standing European armies of the time was contemptuously described as the use of hirelings who had been pauperized by oppres sion. Universal training in peace time was the democratic alternative to militarism in early, America, and it continues to be that at this moment. 3 Bruce Catton's 'In Washington' Star-News Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON,—A sub-surface row between titans of the oil industry is finding covert ex pression an innocent-looking bill now pend ing in Congress. This bill is a brief amedment to the “stolen property act” of 1935. It seeks to close U. S. markets to any properties which have been expropriated by a foreign government; it has ! passed the Senate and is up for consideration in the House. Back of it is a scrap between the Standard and Sinclair oil interests, arising from the fact ] that Sinclair settled its claim against Mexico, ( while Standard did not. Sinclair settled for $8,500,000 and a contract ( permitting it to buy 20,000,000 barrels of Mex can oil over a four-year period. Complaint of its rivals is that this oil is coming in fast enough to depress the U. S. market, and that much of it is in fact oil taken from the wells of the other expropriated companies. The pend ing bill is supposed to block such importation. Sinclair officials, however, say that under their contract all the oil they get must come either from the wells they themselves formerly owned, or from wells originally owned by the Mexican government. Anyway, they argue, their oil imports run to less than 14,000 barrels a day, whereas total U. S. oil imports have been swinging between 100,000 and 300,000 bar rels daily. The really interesting part about the scrap, though, is that it stems from Sinclair’s break ing of the “united front” maintained by Amer ican oil companies against Mexico; and behind 4-1_A. 4!_A. XI__: ~ — __3 J i:xxi. story. HURLEY, RICHBERG REPRESENTATIVES In its Mexican negotiations, Sinclair was re presented by Patrick J.' Hurley, former secre tary of war under Herbert Hoover. Standard and Dutch Shell had as their negotiator Donald R. Richberg, one-time counsel for NRA and an ex-inner circle New Dealer. Bearing the White House blessing, Richberg went to Mexico to negotiate one settlement for all the oil companies. After a good start, he bogged down. Mexico was insisting the oil companies should get paid only for plant and equipment seized and for money actually in vested. The oil companies naturally wahted to be paid for the potential value of the properties The gap couldn’t be bridged. FUNNY PART OF IT IS — Harry Sinclair presently decided a bird in the hand was worth two in the bush,* and sent Hurley down to Mexico. Hurley found the Mex icans had been assured that they needn't con sider Sinclair, because if Standard and Shell ; * l Medical Care By LOGAN CLENDENING, M. D. 1. Treatment of nosebleed: According to the reports, the oldfashioned treatment of nose bleed by the use of salt pork has been rehabilitated by Dr. A. J. Cone, of St. Louis. Plugs of salt pork put in the nose promptly stop ped bleeding after other methods bad failed. These are easier to introduce than the usual packing and certainly easier to remove. It bas the property of preventing re currence. Nose bleed usually comes from exertion or from opening up a small ulcer in the nose due to scabs of dried mucous. It may herald the onset of infectious deseases such as measles or rheumatism. It may mean inadequacy of the liver or anemia or high blood pressure. It is by no means always a minor ailment, but may result in serious loss of blood. 2. Answers to first aid test ques tions: Earlier in the week we asked a few questions designed to test the vacationists knowledge of first aid. The question as to what is the matter with a man whom you find in a stuffy room on a hot day with pale, clammy skin and shal low breathing in heat exhaustion. Proper treatment is to remove his clothes and dash cold water on his skin with some force. The question, “when a child comes to you rubbing his eye and says the wind blew something in it; will you tell him to rub towards the nose or away from it or rub the other eye?”, should be answer ed: “don’t let him rub his eyes at all; roll the lid back and brush it with a clean handkerchief.” Vacation Diet for Underweights Breakfast: Fruit in season. 2 eggs and bacon. Toast and butter. Glass milk. Coffee with cream and sugar. 10 A. M.: Cup of cocoa. Lunch: Fried chicken with gravy. Corn on the cob. Bread and butter. Salad with French dressing. Apple pie with whipped cream. Coffee with cram and sugar. 3:30 P. M.: Eggnog. Dinner: Bottle of beer. kfeat loaf. Rice. Bread and butter. Lima beans. Blanc mange. Coffee with cream and sugar. 4 Book Highlights There’s a stark, almost harsh aeauty in Paul Vialar’s “Rose oi the Sea” (Carrick and Evans: f2.50) that gives this story of a nan and a sea voyage distinction, rhe French liked it well enough ;o award it the “Prix Femina.” Neither the author nor the ;ranslator, Warre Bradley Wells, pulls any punches in detailing the effect of three deaths upon the life )f the sailor-hero, Jerome Jarde leu. Events move swiftly, excess vordage is held to a minimum; ;ension and suspense is maintained hroughout. The death of Jerome’s mother ancle he had always hated. When Romain suggests carrying a ship nent—evidently contraband—to a Rumanian port, Jerome agrees, -nostly because he wants to get away. His friends are recruited for a :rew. Thiebot, a friend since boy lood, is cook. Christo, brother of i schoolmate, is a seaman. Neel, vith a dependent wife and child, s mate. Secrecy surrounds the loading md depature. Wages are high. 3o are profits if Jerome can make he leaking old steamer hold to gether until they reach their des ination. Once at sea, Jerome discovers lis uncle’s plan. The ship and its :argo have been well insured. The :argo consists of bricks, not goons >r machinery. Romain intends to .cuttle the ship, let it go down vith the crew. He and Jerome wilj :scape, collect the insurance. A girl is found hiding in the lold. She hopes to return to her over in Rumania, to bring her anborn child to its father. The birth of the baby. the nother s death, and Jerome’s de motion to the infant provide some >f the most touching paragraphs n the story. But Vialar has little time for beauty. He rushes on through the killing if Romain, on to the brothel in ^onstanza, to Jerome’s final peace in a jail cell. You can understand Jerome. \nd you’ll pause, wondering at he justice that punishes a man tor saving lives. 3 VARIABLE WITH AGE According to scientists, the thy roid gland in one’s throat varies n size in accordance with his age md fluctuates in size according to the season of the year. settled Sinclair would have to fol ow along. He also found that in miew of the Roosevelt administra tion's attitude, settlement would rave to be made on the Mexicans’ terms. So Sinclair pulled out of the ■united front’- ana accepted the settlement Hurley and President Cardenas worked out. And the funny part about it all is this: that this settlement, following the line of the New Deal’s good leighfcor policy, was evolved b he arch-Republican Hurley—while the ex-New Dealer Richberg fail °et. 3 g°°d neighbor settlement for Standard and Shell. LEAP YEAR IN INDIANA LADV, ”T1 \ IVE$0SPECTEP / THIS POR. IN HOLLYWOOD BY PAUL HARRISON NEA Service Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD — Behind the screen: Some of the people who exacuated foreign branches of the big movie companies are said to have made a pleasant discovery that it’s possible to take money out of Hitler’s Europe. A man who claims to have done it told me how: First he liquidated everything he owned. Then, by paying a pre mium, he managed to change his marks into U. S. currency. This money was taken in an American diplomatic representative and, aft er being examined, was burned there by its owner. The official then provided a document saying that to his certain knowledge bills of such-and-such denominatins and serial numbers had been complete ly destroyed while in the posses sion of Mr. So-and-So. The latter, after returning to this country, pre sented the document and eventual ly received new currency. I asked how about our law against multilating or defacing U. S. money. Mr. So-and-So said he guessed the law wouldn’t ap ply over there or maybe that the currency could be considered lost to use and therefore already de stroyed before he got hold of it. In any case, he didn't think he’d be prosecuted. * * * I like Oscar Homolka’s story about his Negro servant, who has seemed mighty weary and worried lately and was asked if he was sick. “It’s jes’ that wife of mine,” he said. “All the time she talk, talk, talk. It’s drivin’ me crazy. I can’t get no rest with all thal talk.” "What - does she talk about?” asked the actor. “That’s the trouble,” said the actor. “That’s the trouble,” said the nervous Negro. “She don’t ever say.” Charlie Chaplin’s picture will be titled “The Dictator” or “The Great Dictator,” after all. Para mount owned prior rights to the title and omy the other day con sented to sell it. According to pre sent plans, the flicker will end with an anti-Nazi speech that’s far from comic. A woman went into a swanky decorator’s ship here, looked at a lot of things, selected some, and mentioned that she recently had come from London and had had to leave a house full of furnish ings. TSe proprietress, British her self, sympathetically offered a 10 per cent discount and asked the customer’s name. “I’m Barbara Hutton,” she said.Miss Hut ton has taken a house in Beverly Hiills and evidently expects to be pretty busy socially. She had 12 telephones installed. Two husky young men of maybe 16 or 17 have been visiting all the studios by a simple trick. They buy some lumber—usually just one long board—and carry it in one ef the side or rear gates. Once on a lot they’re able to walk around as long as they like, but they have to leave the lumber there when they go home. Way there were discovered was by nearly being ar rested for trying to carry their own board out of a studio. * * * It’s going to be a good season for song-writers and chorus gals: 31 musical pictures are schedul ed. . . i Mary Pickford is consider ing making another picture. She's said to have found a story she likes. . . . Milton Berle, back for a picture, and exhibiting a remodel ed nose, now is having his diction . . Elsie the Oomph Cow, appeal making personal appearances all straightened by a dramatic coach, ing in “Little Men,” has been over town. Bob Hope says Elsie is doing so much night-clubbing she’s beginning to get bags under her eyes. Samuel Goldwyn opened a meeting of the Motion Picture Division of the Red Cross with this announcement: “From no" on, this committee will be run in a democratic way. I'm the bos' and what I say goes.”• Widening Of Remainder Of Road To Carolina Beach Is Assured - •* The project of widening and re surfacing the remainder of the highway from Wilmington to Car olina Beach is now practically as sured, Addison Hewlett, chairman to the board of county commission ers, said yesterday. Project work, including the wid ening of the highway about three feet on each side and resurfacing operations, is expected to begin as soon as'the heavy summer tourist traffic terminates, Hewlett said. Officials of the state highway and public works commission have ex pressed to Chairman Hewlett the hope of pushing the project rapidly to completion before cold weather sets in late in the fall. Project now under consideration comprises improvement work on about nine miles of the highway be ginning at the curve six miles out of the city, where the previous pro ect ended, and continuing all the way to the Town of Carolina Beach. Engineers of tlje state highway and public works commission last week began to make surveys, in cluding the laying out of stakes, along the highway in preparation for the actual work to start at an early date. The commission is in viting bids on project proposals during either its August or Septem ber letting of contracts. The project when completed will provide for 15 miles of resurfaced, improved, and widened highway from Wilmington to Carolina Beach. The New Hanover county board of commissioners and offi cials of the Town of Carolina have been actively supporting the pro posal for improvement of the re maining portion of the highway. Hewlett said. • 4 FALSE HAVEN GREENVILLE, S. C., Aug. 17 —UP)—The Greenville airport seems to be a haven for confus ed birds. First it was a flock of weary wild geese who sighted the gleaming expanse of hard-sur face, mistook it for a lake and had a rude surprise when they made a graceful landing. And now it Is seagulls. WPA Administrator Albert Rickman reported seeing 20 to 30 gulls at the port. Like the geese, he said, the seagulls were wearing startled expressiohs and mussed tail feathers as a result of repeated efforts to set tle down on what looks like water from the air. The gulls were believed blown inland by the hurricane Sunday. Greenville is around 225 miles from the coast. 25 Colored Youths Enroll In NYA Class About 25 colored youths now em ployed on New Hanover county NYA projects will enroll Monday at the Williston Industrial high school for national defense training courses, Mrs. Julia Hussey, county supervisor, said yesterday. The group will receive two hours of instruction for five days each week in such work as laying of con crete and the mixing of cement. They have had previous training through NYA projects in carpen try, woodwork, use of power and hand tools, painting, and refurbish ing of furniture. 4 I Smallpox, Diphtheria Vaccine Clinics Slatel All children planning to attend school for the first time this M will have to be protected against diphtheria and smallpox, Dr. A. H ; Elliot, health officer, said yester-, day. Regulations for vaccination in j connection with the smallpox iw munization program and innocuw' tion against diphtheria are apphca‘ ble to public, private, and parocs' ial schools, and private kinderga dens, Dr. Elliot said. Written certificate for diphther.a innoculations must be presented ^ the teacher at the opening of - schools, Monday. September 9- ; vaccination scar will be suffic - for admission of the child in nc nection with the smallpox im nization program, he said. Those parents who are unable ^ secure the services of a Prl“_; physician for protection ag<“" smallpox and diphtheria are m to use of facilities of the clin,c c ducted by the health board Saturday morning from 9 0 , o’clock. Alton Baldwin Given Hearing In Liquor Cost ~ • c he'd A preliminary hearing wa yesterday in the case n cce< Baldwin, charged with ’;'1C p'a]j0n sion of a non-registered ■* " still and mash fit for disUWjj™ Baldwin was operating ■ ^ ivithout posting the require ^ and was aiding and betting ■ ,, moval and concealing o1 waj Ions of non-tax-paid liquor. 5 :harged by W. A Wylie. :ommissioner. j acd Probably cause was a he court placed Baldwin ^ bond of $300.