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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, August 21, 1940, Image 1

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Dedicated To The Progress Of fca fe ^ A' ‘ ^ 4 I Served by Leased Wire of the
-=» I.. jPilmington Horning istar ijss?
■ ^ r’ r' a AAA
I Britain Agrees T;, Lease Bases To U. S.
I ^ * _
flan Termed
Good Fusion
Trend Proof
Jlore-Beiisha Raises Pos
sibility Of ‘An Eventful
Common Citizenship*
Reveals Nation Has Re
ceived Large Amounts Of
Munitions From U. S.
LONDON. Aug. 20.—(#)—Britain
...unced today an “agreement
^principle” for United States
,.1 0f British island territory
rom Newfoundland to the Carib
bean for defense bases and pre
Eented the plan to parliament and
people as proof of an “inexorable
fusion of British and United States
Winston Churchill himself ^thun
dered that “no one can stop” this
trend and hus burst of eloquence
jtirred exultant response.
In the house of commons tonight
Leslie Hore-Beiisha, the former
war secretary, raised the possibili
ty of “an eventual common citizen
ship” of Britain and the United
States, and said this alone would
almost compensate for “the evils
of war.”
Such a union, Hore-Beiisha re
called, was offered, in vain, to
France in the hour of the third
republic's collapse.
Utterly confident, Prime Minis
ter Churchill used his disclosure
of the plan for air-naval base
leases to declare that the British
empire and the United States “will
have to be mixed up together in
tome of their affairs for mutual
and general advantage.”
“No one can stop it!” he cried.
(Continued on Page Two)
Exiled Russian Revolution
ist Attacked In Office
; Near Mexico City
MEXICO CITY, Aug. 20. — UP) —
Ceon Trotsky, exiled Russian revo
lutionist, was attacked with a pick
ax in the office of his residence in
liearhy Coyoacan late today. An au
thorised source said he was in a
v-ery serious condition.”
Police and Trotsky’s associates de
tuned details.
Trotsky only recently escaped a
machine gun attack on his house
(Continued on Page Two)
Fayetteville Congressman
Finds Many Farmers
Pleased With Prices
LUMBERTON, Aug. 20. — Con
gressman J. Bayard Clark, of Fay
etteville, was a visitor here today
as the Border Belt markets opened
for the 1940 season.
“I had to come down to see that
they treat my farmer friends right,”
he said when asked what occasioned
his visit to this weed market, bulg
ing with people who came cither to
market their tobacco or to see what
prices were offered.
He said he found the farmers, by
and large, well satisfied with the
prices and that it was his hope the
price range set today would con
Washington, he said, at present is
“rather hectic.” He predicted con
gress will pass a conscription bill
calling men to compulsory military
training, and added that he would
return to Washington tonight after
touring the Border Belt markets.
Asked if he felt the current Euro
pean war would be of any aid to
(Continued on Page Two)
British Blast Nazi—Held
Airdromes And Harbors
Airport Outside Paris
Bombed And Two Troop
Transports Hit
LONDON, Aug. 20.— UP) —British
praters struck at German-held air
r0fnes and quays from Norway to
J°uthern France today In an effort
° smasb Nazi springboards for any
invasion of these islands,
«h'«Carriei3 out attacks on the out
,k^s of Paris itself.
Dj, ere at home, seven German
file rT Were declared shot down in
kault15 9 assau'ts upon Britain—as
k- s described by the air ministry
iinstCf0Paratively slisht” — and an
Hindoo! number ot Englishmen died
the invaders’ bombs.
“Several” Killed
era]"4 sin®le s°uthwest town, "sev
hv n.J!?re killed and many wounded
a'row fT9 'vbtch dived low and hit
tjla. of houses. In another town in
*er/eeion’ then on a bathing beach
hut „ fflachlnegunned by the raiders,
Pa d ^asuatties were reported,
bnp'Were two towns in Essex,
An*i! Soutb Wales And one in the
can region. A South Wales port
if„ Continued 911 Page Two)
France To Purge Rolls
Of Legion Of Honor
BERLIN, Aug. 20.—(AP via Ra
dio)—Prance has decided to “purge”
the rolls of its swollen Legion of
Honor which contains the names of
many foreigners including Ameri
cans, the German radio announced
tonight in a dispatch from Vichy.
--- A*
Italy Reported Massing
Troops On Greek Border
Italian News Agency Ac
cuses Greeks Of Seeking
To Terrorize Allbanians
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, Aug.
20.—W)—Usually well informed cir
cles said tonight that Italy is
massing troops in Albania on the
Greek border with at least one
armored division among them.
A check of official circles in
Athens, the Greek capital, brought
only this answer:
“Reports abroad cannot either
be confirmed nor denied.”
ATHENS, Greece, Aug. 20.—
—Several thousand men of new
Greek military classes were called
to arms today in the t h i r d
strengthening of the army within
a week.
There was no immediate ex
planation of the new defense order.
Premier General John Metaxas
called on King George II late to
night but the spbject of the audi
ence was not disclosed.
Neither was there government
confirmation of reports in inform
ed Athens circles last night that
Turkey has promised to come to
come to the aid of Greece if she
is attacked. The reports circulated
after a conference between Metax
as and the Turkish minister to
(Britain already has made such
pledges to Greece and Italian dip
lomats have been reported in re
cent conferences with Metaxas to
have insisted that Greece repudi
ate such guarantees and come
within the Italian sphere of in
(Continued on Page Two)
T -
Rumania And Bulgaria
Seek To Prevent Fight
CRAIOVA, Rumania, Aug. 20.
(AP)—Efforts to prevent blood
shed such as that which marked
the recent transfer of Bessara
bia occupied the attention of Bul
garian and Rumanian delegations
meeting heer tonight to arrange
the cession of southern Dobruja
to Bulgaria.
A tentative agreement for the
return of the whole district to
Bulgaria, is reported to have
been reached.
Remaining to be settled are
such questions as indemnities
for public utilities (including the
American-financed telephone sys
tem in southern Dobruja) and
population transfers.
Claim Success In Attacks
On Airports In Southeast
ern Part Of Country
BERLIN, Aug. 20.—German
planes returned in force today to
the assaults on Great Britain after
a brief lull and “successfully
bombed” airports and military ob
jectives in Southeast England.
DNB, the German news agency,
reported the Nazis had dropped
bombs on ,the East church and
Southend airports and others in
Kent, southeast of London, as well
as raiding munitions depots and
other military objectives.
German fighter planes protect
(Continued on Page Two)
One Mile Of Highway Fill
East Of Williamson Wash
ed Out By High Water
WILLIAMSTON. Aug. 20— (£>) —
Plucking flood refugees from the
roofs of houses, coast guardsmen
and volunteer boatmen patrolled
swamps and lowlands today as the
most devastating flood in the history
of this section rolled slowly toward
the sea.
Officials expressed the opinion to
night that all danger zones along
the Roanoke river had been evacu
At least one airplane was used to
spot persons in danger.
Chief Highway Engineer W. Vance
Baise said tonight that one mile of
the three-mile highway fill east of
here has been washed out by the ris
ing flood waters. The fill has been
covered by several feet of water
since last night.
Approximately $125,000 to $200,
000 damages have been done by the
washout, Baise estimated. He said
several months may be required to
put that part of U. S. 17 back into
condition for traffic.
From Washington, the Red Cross
^announced that 1,000 persons were
removed from flooded lands in Mar
tin county. They were being brought
by boat and truck to camps here.
The Roanoke, which has claimed
five lives in northeastern North
Carolina since Friday, continued to
rise here, and was expected to reach
a crest of 10 feet in flood by Thurs
Meanwhile, residents of Plymouth,
20 miles down-river, were preparing
to meet the relentless onslaught of
the yellow waters. Residents of that
town said they expected little dam
age, providing wind did not back the
water into the community.
(Continued on Page Two)
North Carolina: Generally fair and
cool Wednesday and Thursday.
(Meteorological data for the 24 hours
ending 7:30 p. ni. yesterday).
1:30 a. in. 74; 7:30 a. m. 73; 1:30 p.
m. 81; 7:30 p. m. 75; maximum 82:
minimum 70; mean 76; normal 77.
130 a. m. 92; 7:30 a. m. 86; 1:30 p.
m. 65; 7:30 p. m. 81.
Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.,
0.14 inches; total since first of month,
16.08 inches.
Tides For Today
High Low
Wilmington_11:57a 6:54r
^ — 7:18p
Masonboro Inlet_ 9:37a 3:37a
9 ;56p 3:51p
Sunrise 5:38a; sunset 6:52p; moon
rise 8:49p; moonset 8:52a.
(Continued on Page Two)
Broad Conscription Bill lentatively
Passed By House Military Committee
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.—(2P)—A
broad conscription bill making men
21 to 45 years old, inclusive, liable
for immediate military training was
tentatively approved by the house
military committee today, while the
senate debated a less sweeping
The house bill cahs for registration
of men from 18 through 64. Those
selected immediately for a year’s
compulsory service would come from
the 21-45 classifications, however.
Chairman May (D-Ky) said that
the committee, by an almost unani
mous vote, turned down proposals
that provisions of the senate bill,
calling only for registration and
training of men 21 to 30, inclusive,
be inserted in the house measure,
"It’s the opinion of the commit
tee that these are the proper ages
and we’re going to put the bill out
this way,” said May.
Clergymen, divinity students and
conscientious objectors would be ex
empt, and the training of college
students ir their senior year would
be deferred.
An exemption for students study
ing for the ministry in theological
and divinity schools was also written
into the senate measure today, on a
60 to 10 vote.
The negeral debate on the draft
in that chamber today produced a
clash between Senator Connally
(D-Tex) and Senator Wheeler
(D-Mont). Connally angrily charged
i that Wheeler “wan^to make it just
as difficult as possible” for the coun
try to recruit an army. Wheeler,
irate, protested, and Connally with
drew the statement, but not without
adding a rejoinder that ‘‘no other
senator” was as ‘‘free in reflecting on
the motives of others” as was Wheel
er, a prominent opponent of con
Late in the day, Chairman Walsh
(D-Mass) of the senate naval com
mittee arose to question the neces
sity for a large standing army, and
announced he would seek a “test
vote” on a proposal that, before con
scription was attempted, the nation
build up a powerful air force, and
“invincible navy,” a "multiplicity
(Continued on Page Two)
F. R. Refuses
Willkie Offer
For Debates
Says Talks With Britain
About Bases Are Pro
gressing Satisfactorily
Hopes To Announce Names
Of Members Of Joint De
fense Board Thursday
HYDE PARK, N. Y., Aug. 20.
—UP)—President Roosevelt answer
ed no today to Wendell L. Willkie’s
challenge to debate campaign is
sues—and reported that conversa
tions with Britain on U. S. acquisi
tion of naval and air bases on Eng
lish possessions in this hemisphere
were progressing satisfactorily.
Both subjects were discussed at
his regular press conference at the
summer White House, with the
chief executive indicating that it
was defense problems like the
naval-air base situation which
would keep him from campaigning
for a third term.
Will Not Campaign
Things are in such shape this
year, he said, that he can do no
political campaigning, including
debating with Willkie as the repub
lican presidential candidate sug
gested in his acceptance speech at
Elwood, Ind., Saturday.
While Mr. Roosevelt couid n o t
be persuaded to say when decisions
in the British-American conversa
tions might be reached, British for
eign Secretary Lord Halifax told
the house of lords in London that
“agreement in principle” had been
arrived at for the leasing to the
United States for 99 years of Brit
ish sites in the Atlantic, various
west Indian points and Newfound
Ana wnue rsrnisn rrime minis
ter Churchill, speaking in the house
of commons, appealed to this coun
try for “timely reinforcement” of
the British navy, Mr. Roosevelt
told reporters, they should not spec
ulate on proposals that the United
States sell to England destroyers
built in World war days. He did"
not deny, however, that such sales
were under consideration.
“Common Citizenship”
In the house of commons, too,
Leslie Hore-Belisha, former war
secretary, raised the possibility of
an “an eventual common citizen
ship” of Britain and the United
States, but this brought no immed
iate comment from the White
President Roosevelt’s no to the
Willkie challenge came when a re
porter asked this question:
“Mr. President, when are yoii
going to start the debates with
Wendell Willkie?”
Smiling and flicking the ashes
from a cigaret, Mr. Roosevelt told
the newsmen that they knew as
well as he -did what the situation
In his own acceptance speech,
he said, he told the public and the
democratic convention that he hap
pened to be the president of 13(1
000,000 people and that things were
in such shape this year that it was
of course, perfectly obvious that
he could not do any political cam
He did not identify "things”, but
there was no doubt he referred to
the trend of international affairs,
(Continued on Page Two)
Florence’s Opening
Day Tobacco Prices
Above 1939 Averages
FLORENCE, S. C., Aug. 20.—
(AP)—Nearly all United States
grades of South Carolina flue
cured tobacco sold on the morn
ing sales .today at higher aver
age prices than on opening day
last year, the agricultural mar
keting service reported.
Average prices on fair to fine
quality lugs and primings, the
grades which composed the bulk
of the sales, increased from $2
to $4.50 a hundred in most in
stances. Low quality lugs and
primings, however, sold at about
the same levels as a year ago.
Fair and low quelity lemon cut
ters, of which only a limited
volume was sold, gained $5 a
hundred over the averages on
last year’s opening day.
The majority of the tobacco
sold at prices ranging from $15
to $27. Prices ranged from $3
to $31. Rejections were negli
gible and growers apparently
were pleased with prices.
Bone Says Someone’ Risk
ing Lives Of 900 Aboard
American Legion
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.—(fll
The senate heard an accusation
today that a single ‘stubborn’"
man, ‘either President Roosevel
or someone in the State depart
ment,” had refused to change the
course of the refugee ship Amri
can Legion and thereby had risk
ed a provocative incident that
might have “precipitated t^h i s
country into war in a wek.”
The accuser, Senator Bone CD
Wash.), spoke while the army
transport bearing 897 passengers
headed for New York, apparently
safely beyond the waters off Scot
land which Germany had warned
were mine-infested and highly dan
“Someone is risking the lives of
900 human beings aboard that ves
sel,” Bone told the senate, ‘if that
vessel is blown skyward the charge
will be made that she was tor
pedoed by a German submarine.”
He suggested that congress in
vestigate why the State depart
ment or other officials insisted tha
he vessel, which left Petsamo,
Finland, Friday night, had per
sisted in a co ushrrteough the
mined area in the face of the
C jrman warning.
Senator Pepper CD-Fla) inter
rupted Bone to say that the latter’s
emarks would "give aid and corri
fort” to nations that might want
to sink the ship.
Bone replied that he was tired
of hearing uiding-the-enemy argu
ments and added that the “senator
from Florida w:.nts to go to war
and has sa' so.”
‘The se ‘nator tells a falsehood
when he makes that statement,”
Pepper replied heatedly,
for their remarks.
Rep. Rogers CR-Mass) comment
ed to reporters that in refusing to
change the vessel’s route, the ad
ministration showed that it pre
ferred hat the ship be‘bl‘ownup
by the Germans rather than the
‘The only possible reason for
not changing her course,’ ’she said,
“is that the British had mined th
wate’-- near Iceland while there
were German mine fields nearer
Great Britain.”
Several Experts Predict
Final Calculations Will
Show Higher Price
Fairmont Sells Approxi
mately 850,000 Pounds
At Average Of 20.5
(Staff Writer)
Tobacco farmers of the Caro
linas’ Border belt turned home
ward last night from sixteen busy
markets, pleased with brisk bid
ding that caried the price of their
leaf to an average of 20 cents h
pound o the warehouse floors dur
ing the opening day of the 1940
marketing season.
The average figure was the con
census of experts, although several
predicted that final calculations
would send it up a cent or two.
Few Tags Turned
Few tags were turned during the
day that saw prices better than
generally had been anticipated,
signifying that the farmers were
Hundreds voiced their satisfac
tion when asked how they felt
about the prices, but by and large
the farmers were quiet, evencing
none of the jubilance that usually
is visible when opening day brings
good prices for the golden weed.
Generally the prices were two
to three cents above those on the
opening day of the market last
year. Mostly the farmers felt this
was because the tobacco offered
this year is of better quality than
was that of last year.
Official figures were unavailable
at the markets, but estimates indi
cated that generally a 20 cent aver
age was maintained over the Bor
der belt as a whole.
ill r cm iiiufib, v^. jj. utaiiuiu,
sales supervisor, estimated that
between 850,000 and 875,000 pounds
had been sold to the mumbo-jum
bo singing of the auctioneers and
said the average would be 20.5
cents per pound or better. A check
of one row in a warehouse there
yesterday afternoon, selected at
random, showed an average price
of 23.179 cents per pound.
Stafford said the farmers seem
ed well pleased and few tags were
turned. There were no blocked
sales all floors being cleared, but
by early last night four warehous
es had been filled for today’s sales
and the golden week was continu
ing to pour into town.
At Lumberton there was an up
usually poor break of tobacco and
the'three first sales reported 423,
880 pounds sold for an average of
18.33 cents. J. C. Fulton, super
visor of the market, estimated that
the afternoon sales would bring the
average to 19 cents. Here also
floors were cleared before quitting
time and no block sales are ex
pected. Fulton said no tags were
turned in Lumberton during the
At Lumberton yesterday after
noon a check of one row in one
warehouse showed an average for
that row of 18.46 cents. The grade
of the weed appeared to be much
below that offered on some of the
other markets but farmers genr
ally semed well pleased with the
prices offered for the wed thy
had to sll.
Clarkton reported sale of 170,190
pounds during the day and E. C.
Clark, sales supervisor, said the
average was 18.65 cents per pound.
He too, reported farmers pleased
with prices offered and said few,
if any, tags were turned during
the opening day.
Tabor city
At Tabor City E. A. Jarrell es
timated that a quarter-million
pounds of tobacco was auctioned
during the day, with approximate
ly 300,000 pounds remaining unsold.
He estimated the average price
there at 21.5 cents a pound and
said farmers were ‘‘the best pleas
ed they have been in a couple of
At Chadboum J. H. Lanier esti
mated between 225,000 and 250,000
pounds were sold during the day
at an average somewhere between
19 and 20 cents per pound. Far
mers were “very well pleased,” he
said, and tobacco was pouring into
town for today’s sale. Floors thera
Were not quite cleaned yesterday,
(Continued on Page
Welles Defends Bullitt
From Critics In Senate
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20.—<^5—
Sumner Welles, acting secretary
of state, defended William C. Bul
litt from senate critics today, as
serting that it was highly desirable
for an ambassador to tell his
countrymen what he had seen in
the European war zone.
The ambassador to France urged
in a speech in Philadelphia Sun
day that the United States trans
fer destroyers to England in the
interest of national defense. The
United States, he argued, was in
danger of attack if Britain were
The speech brought sharp criti
cism in the senate.
Asked for comment at his press
conference, Welles said that the
country clearly was passing
through critical times and con
fronted agrave period.
He added that when an Ameri
can ambasador who had been in
an important post in Europe for
several years wished to tell his
own people what he had seen and
his own impressions, this seemed
highly desirable and in the inter
est of public enlightenment.
Welles refrained from comment
on Prime Minister Churchill’s
speech today in which he an
nounced that Britain had offered
99-year leases of British territory
in the Atlantic for United States
naval and air bases. W
To the sing-song chant of the auctioneer amid hurry, bustle and color which always attends the opening day of the Border Belt tobacco
markets, southeastern North Carolina farmers yesterday walked down long rows of the bright yellow weed, examining carefully and anxiously
the little white ticket to be found atop each basket. At the end of the day experts estimated the golden weed over the entire belt had brought
an average of 20 cents per pound, and some predicted final calculations would run that estimate up to 21 cents and possibly to 22. Shown
above is the floor of one warehouse in Fairmont during the lull of the lunch hour; it is typical of those numerous warehouses in the 16
Border Belt market towns where farmers yesterday received the good news that better-than-last-year’s-pnces are being paid for their chief cash
crop._____- _

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