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The Sunday Star-News Published Every Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments DIAL 3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 __ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER Payable Weekly or in Advance Combina Star News tion l Week .$ -20 $ .15 $ -30 3 Months . 2.60 1.95 3.90 6 Months . 5.20 3.90 7.80 1 Year . 10.40 7.80 15.60 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News _ BY MAIL Payable Strictly in Advance Combina Star News tion 1 Month ..•.$ 75 $ -50 $ .90 3 Months . 2.00 1.50 2.75 6 Months . 4 00 3.00 5.50 1 year . 8.00 6.00 10.00 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month .$.50 6 Months ....$3.00 3 Months . 1.50 12 Year . 6.00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month .$ .20 6 Months .$1.25 3 Months .65 1 Year . 6.00 THE ASSOCIATED PRESS is entitled to the exclusive use of all news itories appearing In The Sunday Star-Newi ~ " SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1940 Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports ani Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from Wrightsville Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits. 35-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained-yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. TOP 0’ THE MORNING The greatest and most universal of all needs is that of the knowledge of God and the way of deliverance from sin—the need of pardon for the past, and power and peace for the present and the future. Rev. Robt. Murphy Williams For Safe Driving The Lions club is to be commended for tak ing the initative in a movement to have the WPA safe driving school reestablished in Wil mington. It has been difficult to understand why an agency so vital to the cause of public safety should have been closed. Throughout its ex istence many hundreds of persons learned to operate motor cars within the law, and it is believable that Wilmington’s traffic situation is infinitely better today as a result of this training than if the school had not functioned. Wilmington needs the driving school. Wil mington’s people at large and, we believe, Wilmington’s police force, will welcome its reopening. It is to be hoped that Mrs. Gladys E. Proctor, WPA projects supervisor in this district, will find a way to resume a project which produced such good results in the past. The WPA exists for the public benefit. Sure ly a safe driving school meets that specifica tion. Gold Flow Slower The decline in gold imports last week tc $36,549,000 from tbe average level of more than $100,000,000 which has prevailed in recent weeks contains a hint that the period of spec tacularly large gold imports may be over. This is not to say that the gold stock of the United States will not continue to rise foi some time at a rapid rate. But it is possible that nearly all of the European gold reserves which can be moved to this country have aJ ready been moved. In that case the chief ad ditions to the gold stock will come from re leases from the earmarked stock, which now amounts to $1,644,000,000, and from imports o gold newly mined in South Africa, Canade and Australia. In the first year of the war $826,500,000 ar rived in this country from Canada and $2, 264,300,000 from Gr»at Britain. Not all of thi: was for British account. Some of it was golc belonging to other countries whose place o storage was merely being shifted from Londoi to New York. However, the great bulk of thi metal was unquestionably British owned an< hence must be considered to constitute thi larger part of the gold reserve of Britain whei the war broke out. Those Offshore Bases The military bases which the United States has acquired from Great Britain form a chain of offshore defenses which will make attack from abroad a perilous venture. The series of bases from Newfoundland to British Guiana are all within easy flight range and passage between any two by an attacking air force would be subject to two-way resistance. In Newfoundland the United States will get the southern coast and the Avalon peninsula. The southern coast is approximately 250 miles long and at its easternmost and swings along a narrow isthmus into the Avalon area. There are plenty of harbors on the peninsula, among them St. John’s, Carbonear, Conception bay, St. Mary’s bay and Placentia bay. St. John’s is about one-third of the way from New York to London and there are already airfields in Newfoundland which have been used by trans Atlantic fliers. The next base will be at Bermuda, a 14 mile-long coral island about 700 miles south east of New York and 580 miles east of Cape Hatteras. We get the east coast and the Great Sound, the latter practically enclosed by islands and reefs. On one side of these, Ireland island, is a British dockyard and naval establishment. Lying on a salient in the Atlantic ocean from the North American continent and within air range of the Carib ean, Bermuda is a strategically important base. One sign of its importance is the fact that passeiiger airplanes stopping at Bermuda must block their windows almost an hour be fore reaching the island, lest prying eyes see dllj UIIU5 Ui Iliipui i.ain.c liuxuiiu juiuiiu. The third link in the chain of bases is in the Bahamas, an archipelago in the West In dies consisting of 29 islands, 661 bays and 397 rocks stretching from near the southern tip of Florida about 600 miles to the southeastern end of Cuba. We acquire the eastern fringe of this string of islands which offers defense for the Atlantic approaches to the Panama canal. Further south is Jamaica where the United States is given possession of the southern coast. A limestone plateau runs along the middle of the island rising between 2,000 and 3,000 feet, but near the sea it slopes down so that in some places there are about 10 miles of level land between ocean and bluffs. Beyond is Antigua, a little spot in the Lee ward islands, 54 miles in circumference. The island rises almost straight out of the sea, and is without trees or rivers—an ideal air base. The Leeward islands are just south of the main body of the West Indies, and below them the line of islands curves sharply inward, pointing toward South America. The next link in the chain is St. Lucia, which has a 150-mile coast line and is the largest island in the Windward group, which lie 300 miles north of Venezuela. St. Lucia is practically a fortress in itself. Mountains rise straight out of the sea 3,000 to 4,000 feet. Then comes Trinidad, about 20 miles from the coast of Venezuela. This island is about 48 miles long and 35 wide, most of it is within a few hundred feet of sea levei. The United States base will be on the Gulf of Paria, on the western shore facing Venezuela. The chain ends at British Guiana, on the north coast of South America, just east of Venezuela. The area leased to the United States is within 50 miles of Georgetown, at the mouth of the Demerara river. With the acquisition of these invaluable sites the nation now faces the necessity of hastening such physical improvements as the emergency requires and providing manpower for their ef ficient operation. Port Recognition Recognition of Wilmington’s port importance is given by the Fayetteville Observer in com menting on the proposal to lease the More head City terminal to private enterprise. The Star welcomes the Observer’s support of its contention that Wilmington should be the state’s focal point of port development and operations. Says the Observer Current mystery to us is why the State of North Carolina now should be trying to lease the great Morehead City terminal to a private steamship company. Judging from all that was promised of the terminal that would be just like leasing the United States Mint. Without any reflection at all on More head City and in full recognition of its many fine recreational and commercial assets, the fact remains that Wilmington is North Carolina’s ocean port and that if the State of North Carolina is intent on spending money to improve its ocean port facilities Wilmington is the place to spend the money. There may be exceptions to the rule that it takes a big river to make a suc cessful ocean port but we can’t see that North Carolina is that exception. Love of Country Today we are all thinking about our country. Gone are the days when we took it for grant ed, and never gave a conscious thought to the homeland that gave us birth, or which we have adopted as our own. We have always loved it—loved the New England hills, the midwestern flatlands and prairies, the pa'lmettoed south, the rugged Rockies, and the fertile Pacific empire. But we have loved it as home, as the accustomed land where we have lived our lives. Today people are realizing that this is not ; enough. Nine countries in Europe parade be ! fore our eyes. Their people may look on the ! old familiar hills and valleys, the well-beloved i city streets. But it is not the same. They : are no longer masters in their own house. I They are like families who have owned a beau ! tiful home which has been taken from them i by a new owner who allowed them to live on in it—under the new owner’s conditions. The rooms are the same, the stairways wind up ward as before—but it is not the same. So our love for our country today has a spark it did not have before. It is a creative passion, not a sentimental memory. In such a frame of mind it will be the keener pleasure to read the 24 articles under the common title "Our Country” that will be pre sented by The Star, with the first appearing on Monday morning. The writers, whose names are ornaments to American letters, have spent their lives in keenly and sympa thetically looking at life in their United States. We believe they have done a great national service in writing this series of articles. Love of country is one of the more, attractive hu man traits. They have chosen to deepen and broaden it. America is a splendid homeland. Here, on a continent favored by nature and by time —one is almost tempted to say, favored by God—dwell millions of free men and women. We are justly proud of our past, justly hopeful of a future that shall be even finer and better. Whole-heartedly we join with these 24 out standing American writers in a moment of thoughtful dedication to Our Country. Editorial Comments From Other Angles WHERE IS THE COURAGE OF CONGRESS? Charlotte Observer Congress continues to kick the military pre paredness issue around as if it were nothing more nor less than a political football. It is the House now that is trifling with this serious and important question. The amendments to the conscription bill, of fered by Representative Hamilton Fish and narrow adopted, postponing the date of en forcement of this measure while further ex periments in filling up the army with volun teers are made, will strike the American Dub lie as a clear enterprise in opportunism. Is Congressman Fish, and colleages who followed him into this temporary defeat of the Administration’s defense program, honest ly expecting that within the two month’s pe riod, while the bill is suspended from opera tion, sufficient recruits will volunteer to meet the demand, or— Is Congressman Fish and his obstructionist group merely trying to postpone the enforce ment of the conscription law until after the national election? It seems to us that these questions all but answer themselves. The flicker of hope that shines out of this miserable dilly-dallying with this tremendous ly vital matter consists in the probability that the Administration may yet muster sufficient forces in the House, when the threat of a roll call is held over the heads of these recalcitrant Congressmen, to bring about a reconsider ation that will reverse the intent of the Fish amendment and put the conscription bill into force at once. President Roosevelt had the political cour age to come out flat footedly for this measure, taking the chance of whatever adverse public sentiment might accrue to his own campaign for re-election. Members of Congress, who may be as deep ly impressed as the President with the neces sity for this measure, but who want to wait until they are re-elected before passing it. add nothing to the stature of their own politi cal integrity by such an exhibition of expedi ency and opportunism. 1 Bruce Cattons 'In Washington' Star-News’ Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON. — Nobody ever prayed for anything much harder than this administration has been praying for a permanent settlement to the threatened strike of airplane workers in Boeing’s Seattle factory. This row got settled nearly a fortnight ago, after frantic work by the Labor Department, the Defense Commission, Boeing officials and union leaders—and then the settlement prompt ly came unstuck. Weary days of negotiation have followed and the end is not yet. Mean while, t.he whole thing is a fine example of the headaches which a labor dispute can in ect into the defense program. Boeing’s Seattle plant employs some 7000 men. Its minimum pay scale—the “hiring in” rate at which green hands are taken on— has been 62 1-2 cents per hour, fixed a couple of years ago when the force was much smaller, and substantially above the 50-cent minimum set by Labor Secretary Perkins under the Walsh-Healey act. This summer the company sought to set a lower minimum, its oiiiciais pointed out tnat the force at this factory would presently be greatly increased, and that many unskilled men would be taken on; so it was proposed to put the new “hiring in” rate at 55 cents, with the proviso that no man working under the old rate would have his wage reduced. This struck the union as being too much like a wage cut for comfort, and the row was on. A strike was imminent. Harvey Brown, presi dent of the International Association of Ma chinists, parent union, flew to Seattle and ob tained a 10-day postponement and then re turned to Washington to see what the govern ment could do to bring about a settlement. SETTLEMENT BLEW UP Various things were tried. Boeing agreed to accept all the union’s wage demands if the total increased cost didn’t come to more than $1,000,000—only to find, on an auditor’s check up, that it would come to $2,700,00b. The La bor Department’s conciliators did what they could. Sidney Hillman, labor’s man on the Defense Commission, did what he could. In the end, a settlement was reached—via a misunderstanding. Hillman induced both sides to arbitrate the dispute. After the settlement was announced, it developed that the union thought the arbitration was to include every thing but the 62 1-2-cent minimum, which was to be accepted; the company thought that the minimum was to be among the things arbi trated. The settlement immediately blew up, with the whole job to be done over. At this writing the row is still on. HILLMAN’S RECORD AT STAKE It is nearly vital to the administration that a strike be prevented. For one thing, a strike which stopped work in a major airplane fac tory at this particular moment would land in the middle of the presidential campaign with a resounding crash. For another, a good part of Hillman’s future usefulness in his present post depends on hs ability to get the row un scrambled without leaving labor feelmg too sore. The Editor's LETTER BOX The editor does not necessarily endorse any article appearing In this department. They represent the views of the individual readers Cor respondents are warned that all communications m u s t contain the correct name and address for our records, though the latter may be stoned as the writer sees fit. The Star-News reserves the right to alter anv text that for any reason is ob jectionable. Letters on controversial subjects will not be published. JAYCEE SIGNS The signs erected by the Junior Chamber of Commerce extend a welcome to all newcomers and tourists who come to Wilmington. It fills this need' because there is no word of welcome to strangers as they approach the city. The sign also carries a note of safety in the phrase “Drive with .Consid eration,” which means drive with consideration for yourself as well as others. By following this advice the accident rate that is so high due to carelessness will be cut to a minimum. If drivers would take as much pains with their driving as they do with their pursuit of pleasures there would be many less accidents. We should make it a point to try to be the best driver on the road from a stand point of safety. Instead of saying “Slow Down _After Sundown—and See Town,” B. P. Curtis suggested the ditty “It Would Be a Pity to Be Killed in Our City,” because we, like all other loyal citizens object to have Wilmington called a town. L. C. LeGWIN, JR. GARDEN OF EDEN A Scotch lady who visited this region more than a century and a half ago referred to it in her diary as "a veritable Garden of Eden abounding in fruits, vegetables and products of land and water.” New Hanover’s cupboard is to day somewhat bare of God-given resources but man is striving here and there to replenish it. J. K. Brown, Jr., on Myrtle Sound has the most productive peach orchard in the county and produces as fine flavored fruit as any in the state. A fig bush on Wrightsviile Beach and another on Greenville Sound have each yield ed this year fifty pounds or more of fruit fit for the palate of a prince. The Topel place on the Wrightsviile road has many pear trees, which, though smothered by wild growth, are bowed down with golden fruit. An old cow battens on them and the bees bore into them for honey. There are but a few well cared for scupper nong vines in the county whose yield the owners distribute among hundreds of friends. The Empie plantation on Smiths creek is not ed, and George Stearns’ orchard on Greenville is perhaps the most extensive and scientifically cared for in the county. Each vine is prim, proper and pickable. Fruit trees are usually neglect ed and many could be rejuvinated with fertilizer and a few minutes care each year. An old apple tree on Bradley’s creek has labored for years and brought forth noth ing but knotty sour apples. Last winter it was given a tonic from the chicken yard, and the past month it has rewarded the owner with four bushels of fine cooking apples as big as an apple should be. Pecan trees are in many yards, usually neglected, and some own ers do not eat the nuts unless some one shakes the tree, picks up the nuts and cracks them. New Hanover can still be re stored as a Garden of Eden. If each owner will do his bit. every Adam can have his apple. He will not make money, but he can save money and also make his less fortunate neighbor happy. A coun try clergyman once admitted that he saved more souls by sending out baskets of fruit to members of his congregation than by his sprmntw Maurice A. Peters on Green ville Sound, has many pecans, a grape vine, a fig tree and has re cently planted apples, peaches, pears, plums, Japanese persim mons and an apricot. He derived untold pleasure in seeing them grow, and in utilizing his thirty years experience in the tropics. Walter L. Parsley, Frank A. Beane and John D. Bellamy are experts and generous in giving others the benefit of their local experience. Almost any family can increase its food supply by giving a half hour’s attention each year to two or three trees and a trim vine. Al most every family intends to do so but lets the planting time slip by, or says ‘‘whats the use.” What is needed is an organized effort to interest youth. Give a boy a fig and a vine of his own and he will respect the other fel low’s fruit; respect for property rights is our most vital problem. The joy of seeing the trees grew, the satisfaction of defeating the rabbit, the bugs and the borers, and the help of ruit to the busy bee, in improving each shining hour, will sustain the interest of thousands of children. But they need to be told, prodded and fol lowed up "by an inspection system. A SOUNDER. HEAVO VICTIMS PLEASE COPY GREENVILLE, Miss. (#1—Clar ence Pickrell, husky pitcher tor Greenville of the Cotton States league, has a sure formula for avoiding trouble with umpires. He and Manager Andy Reese were ejected from the game for talking back to Umprie Thomas son. The next day Pickerell ap peared in the third base coaching box with his mouth tightly sealed by adhesive tape. 3 Tick-Tock- Tick—Tock— IN HOLLYWOOD BY PAUL HARRISON NEA Service Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD. — Vincent Bar nett, the ribber, is working in his 151st motion picture as a bar tender. He has a few good scenes and he isn’t complaining. But there are many of us who wonder why an actor who is clever enough face-to-face—to fool and infuriate statesmen, industrialists, star, and all manner of other celebritie doesn’t have better roles in flickers. Although he’s only 37 and ap parently has lost none of his agility in flinging insults, Barnett’s rib bing career seems about over. This is'" because almost everyone knows him. Engaged to brighten up the ban quet of the last convention of dis trict attorneys, he went first to a studio make-up expert and was fitted out with an elaborate dis guise including a toupee. The min ute he entered the banquet room there was a chorused murmur ol “Look—there’s Vince Barnett!” He had a hard time finding a victim. If you don’t remember, this ac tor is a son of Luke Barnett, who for 40 years has made a handsome living by playing jokes on famous people. At 64. he’s still doing it, living in Pittsburgh and traveling all over the east. Mostly he works at banquets as an awkward, stupid, insolent waiter. NAZI SPY ROLE FOOLS BRITON Vince has done that, too, but he prefers appearing as some visit ing foreign notable, usually a Ger man. Lately he has amused him self at parties around Hollywood by seeming to be a Nazi agent. Other evening he was turned loose on a British officer who is here to buy planes. Barnett has a Carnegie Tech education and has been a flyer himself, so ne can ask some searching questions about aviation. He also pretended to get drunk and make some con versational slips which he’d clum sily try to cover up. Pretty soon the Englishman got to a telephone and called Carl Squire, vice president of Lock heed Aircraft, with the breath less news he had discovered a spy. Squire appeared half an hour later and for once was not very glad to see his friend Vince Bar nett. The plane-maker was dog tired and had got out of bed to rush to the party. The ribber knows a lot of high army officials, and on of them introduced him (as a Captain Von Ogenstrahm) to a couple of Cur tiss-Wright technicians who had been developing a 16-cylinder, in line engine. It was all a great secret at the time, so the in ventors nearly fainted when "Von Ogenstrahm” began chatting about an engine he had perfected and went on to describe their engine to the last esential detail. In Washington, Gen. Henry Ar nold persuaded Barnett to rib Gen. Malin Craig when the latter was chief of staff. Barnett’s ap proach was a fantastic and heav ily accented demand that a group of Slovk citizens of Lung Beach Calif., whom he represented, be allowed to practice flying military planes. In a couple of minutes there was an awful row, with the visitor screaming about red tape and politics. To General Craig's insistence that there was no poli tics in the army, Barnett demand ed, “Then how did you get your job?” As if that weren't bad enough he then took 10 $100 bills fron: his pocket and suggested that maybe if he dropped them on the floor as he went out he might find an air corps commission awaiting him in Long Beach. General Craig probably was the angriest man who ever wore stars. AND PUNCH FOR DESSERT You’d think Barnett would al ways be dodging punches, and he has ducked a few. Posing as a new Metro producer during a party at Joan Crawford’s house, he insulted Clark Gable until the star launched a swing that might have had Barnett spinning yet—if it had connected. Only man who ever really hit him, he declares, was old Roald Amundsen at an Aero Club din ner in Pittsburgh in 1924. En gaged to harpoon him, Barnet! made some remarks reflecting on his skill and integrity as an ex plorer. Amundsen rose, gravely apologized to the guests for what was about to happen, and then smacked the ribber colder than an igloo. 3_ PRAYER FOR PEACE SERVICES PLANNED (Continued From Page One) ity Methodist church. The service will last 30 minutes. President Roosevelt’s proclama tion read: “The American heritage of indi vidual freedom and of government deriving its power from the con sent of the governed has from the time of the fathers of our republic been proudly transmitted to each succeeding generation, and to us of this generation has fallen the task of preserving it and trans mitting it to the future. We are now engaged in a mighty effort to fortify that heritage. “Mindful of our duties in the family of nations, we have endeav ored to prevent the outbreak and the spread of war, and we have raised our voices against interna tional injustice. As Americans and as lovers of fredom we are hum bly sympathetic with those who are facing tribulation In lands across the seas. “When every succeeding day brings sad news of suffering and disaster abroad, we are especially conscious of the divine power and of our dependence upon God’s mer ciful guidance. With this conscious ness in our hearts it is seemly that we should, at a time like this, pray to Almighty God for his bless ing on our country and for the es tablishment of a just and perma nent peace among all the nations of the world. "Now, therefore, I* Franklin D. Roosevelt. President of the United States of America, do hereby set aside Sunday, September 8th, 1940, as a day of prayer; and I urge the people of the United States, of all creeds and denominations, to pray on that day, in their churches or at their homes, on the high seas or wherever they may be, beseeching the Ruler of the universe to bless our republic, to make us reverent ly grateful for our heritage and firm in its defense, and to grant to this land and to the troubled world a righteous, enduring peace.” 1 HYDE PARK, N. Y„ Sept. 7.—UP) President Roosevelt will attend serv ices tomorrow at St. James Episco pal church on a day which he set aside for prayers by all Ameri cans that God ‘‘grant to this land and to the troubled world a right eous, enduring peace.” The Rev. Frank R. Wilson, rector of the tiny, ivy-clad church of which Mr. Roosevelt is senior warden, said the peace theme would be carried through the morning lessons, psalms and sermon. The President 'S.rrived this morn ing to spend several days at his country home. HITCH-HIKER jf’AYETTEVILLE, Sept. 7— (.. —A three-foot snake hitch hiked several miles into town yesterday under the hood of Gilbert Beard’s automobile. When Roy Walker, a me chanic, lifted the hood of Beard’s car the snake disent angled itself from the motor and crawled up Walker’s arm. Walker said he did not stop to checjc the oil before shaking the snake off. PARAGUAY’S CHIEF EXECUTIVE KILLED (Continued From Page One) the representative regime last Feb ruary 18, assumed dictatorial pi - ers and drafted a new constitution for the avowed purpose of P tecting and purifying democrat, in Paraguay. An official announcement of death, signed by Interior Mmiste Alejandro Marin Iglesias. tola nation. • ? t in “With most profound grief 1 form the nation that in an airplane accident today his excellency president of the republic an eral of the army. Jose Felix Fy garribia, and his wife los “This loss deprives the repubhe of one of its greatest sons ant necessary that people doing • to our glorious chief shouM ^ double their purpose anci fo” d luminous tracks toward } and the national welfare. zHYDE PARK, N. Y„ Ser't''ift —President Roosevelt sald °aS through a secretary tha shocked and saddened by tne of President Estigarribin r> guay and his wife in an « CIThe' President knew Estigari^;® well while he was his cf' minister to the United Fta HIGH TIME „ h„nan, DENVER (A*)—Phyllis Buc^a" d a slender, attractive blond- • . this year after winning fi'e „0u cutive Colorado , women - ;ote championships in order to 0 all her time to an art s j which .she is a partner.