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WILM rV ASSOCIATED PBESS And Sculheasiern North flfTtfff II Wilb Complete Covera,, .1 CirllliM I ' Slate and National Mem V41L74—NO. 17_WILMINGTON, N. C., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1940 + * ESTABLISHED 1867 : : INVESTIGA TION OF HUGE FIRE IS UNDER WAY \ BEACH BOARD OF ALDERMEN MEETS Starts Adoption Of Ordinances To Regulate Future Construction In Order To Make It Fire-Resistant OFFICERS ARE SILENT ON PROBE Policeman Mosley, Who Discovered $1,000, 000 Conflagration Early Yesterday Morning, Is Severely Burned Carolina Beach yesterday looked over the ashes of what was once its main business district and midway, and im mediately started planning to rebuild a bigger and better resort to replace that part which was leveled by fire early yesterday morning. Tentatively the loss was set at between $800,000 and $1,000,000. Last night, while an investigation was under way to determine the cause of the fire, Mayor R. C. Fergus called the beach board of aldermen into session for the start of adoption of ordinances that will regulate future building at the resort. , Residents Attend A majority of the residents—many already making plans to rebuild in the near future—attended the session to voice their approval of ordinances that will make future buildings as fire-resistant as possible and erected in a more orderly fashion. But while the citizens of the town squared their shoul ders for the tremendous rebuilding job—a job that may total $2,000,000 before it is all over—officers who are prob ing the cause of the fire withheld comment until their in vestigation has gone further. 1 Headquarters tor tne po lice and fire departments and the city hall were set up last night in one of the Three Hill cottages on the highway lead ing into the beach resort. Firemen Bruised A close check of any ru mored casualties during the fire was made yesterday and outside of minor burns and bruises—suffered mainly by firemen from the Carolina Beach volunteer department and Wilmington—no serious injuries were reported. Police Officer Mosley, who discovered the fire in the Carolina Club pavilion about 1:30 o’clock yesterday morn ing, received severe burns about the hands, face and neck. Mayor Fergus said last night that the board of al dermen will meet this morn ing to go over the property record books and try and fix a definite figure of the loss. He said that he didn’t be lieve “50 per cent of the prop erty was insured.” Residents said little of the property was insured because the insurance rate there was $8 per $100 valuation. Mayor Fergus termed the area near the boardwalk as nothing., more than “fire traps,” and declared that the town officials will seek to regulate the type of buildings in that area in the future. Fire Sweeps South The fire, discovered in the north east corner of the dance pavilion which was unoccupied at the time, swept southward destroying every thing in its path from Hamlet and Harnett streets and from Carolina avenue and the ocean. In little more than two hours the entire area of the amusement sec tion was nothing more than a mass of smouldering embers. Firemen from the beach and Wil mington were hampered in theil work by a lack of water, caused when the current was cut off, thus making it impossible for the town pumps to operate. Among the building destroyed were the Carolina cafe, the ABC store, the Palais Royal hotel and restaurant, the Carolina Beach theatre, the A and P Tea company store, the pavil ion where the blaze started, the town hall, Jim Walsh’s Bingo stand, Plum mer’s Grocery store and home, Seay’s souvenir stand, Sam Wight’s shooting gallery, Peay’s cafe, Peay’a barber shop, the Coastal Grill, the Ocean Front grill, Bingo stand and bowling alleys, the Penny Arts build (Contim on Page Five) i * \ RAF Makes Long feMOn Nazi-Held Port Planes Start Great Fires At Le JJavre Also Attack Other Spring boards For Nazis Gather ing Along The Channel LONDON HIT AGAIN barrage Of Anti-Aircraft Fire Around City Slows German Planes’ Pace LONDON. Sept. 19.—Wl—A mer ciless 5-hour attack by the Royal jir Force against the “invasion port” of Le Havre on the German held French coast was disclosed tonight by the British air ministry. Methodically raiding the spring lards for Adolf Hitler’s gathering forces all along the channel and tjoriji Sea coasts, the RAF was declared authoritatively to have n-ade Le Havre their main target last night and early today, un loading vast quantities of high ex plosives and incendiary bombs in the face of blinding anti-aircraft lire and murky weather. I Concentrations Moved Le Havre is one of the French channel ports farthest from Great Britain, about 100 miles from Sou thampton. However, it is known that German barge and troop ship comtratoins have shifted in the Iasi few days; scattered by nasty gales and by British bombs. * "As one stick of heavy bombs Med onto the docks there came fa white flash of a terrific ex plosion,” the air ministry news service reported tonight. “It seem ed to come from a ship moored alongside or from a large warship on the quayside. 'A great fire could be seen by bomber crews 50 miles away. At 11 p. m. fires were raging in many parts of the harbor and a large ship alongside the quay was burning fiercely. ''A 7,000 ton ship about a mile north of Honfleur—some 7 miles from Le Havre—also was well alight” The RAF’s heaviest bombers wre sent against Le Havre, in Klay after relay. Other ports were raided from lOontinued oil Page Two; Col. 2) GERMANY RENEWS ENGLISH THREAT Declares Axis Assembling Full Powers For ‘Last Round Against Britain’ , BERLIN, Sept. 19. — UP) — The 3'- Jrnalistic voice of official Ger ®an5' threatened England and her Lilians today with a whole cata of terror and declared that, in 1 "ome Conference, the axis was as WJing its full power "for the last bund battle against Britain-” - Press, in which there ap Wred hints that the war might go ;n trough the winter, opened up * ansry chorus against British attacks in Germany, and h-azi high command officially otsed British pilots of having ■‘ "J nine children and wounded 12 (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) [weather I W r FORECAST dav j Jarolina: Generally fair Fri * and Saturday. !Min'-C?r.oi0gical data for the 24 hours * 1 "t0 P- m. yesterday). 1:3(1 a . _ Temperature i!; ™.ag 60; 7:30 a. m. 64; 1:30 p. m. Hami,."• m- 13; maximum 81; mini IIlean 72; normal 72. 1:3(1 g _ „„ Humidity S;;-*®- 7:30 a. m. 90; 1:30 p. m. ■™ p. m. 70. Total ‘t „ Precipitation hone- hours ending 7:30 p. m„ 118 inches1 Slnce first of the month Tides For Today 'irrui£ion _ High 7L^ l,SS0I|boro in i f 12:07p 7:36p ro Inlet- 9:37a 3:37a apprise s.SUo. 8=51p 4:01p ** S’Sln- sunset 6:12p; raoon | 08 ■ “oonset 9:25a. .'"eviUe Fafr. rlver sta*« P* *»y-. *•3 feet. 1 8 a* m#* September 18, (tMWlnued °n Page Two; CoL 4). LIVE EMP- '•"V^^KEING EXTINGUISHED 1 --- .*•* A Wilmington fireman finally washes out the last embers of the fire on the northwest corner of the Bame hotel—one of the last buildings at Carolina Beach to go up in the fire that swept the business district of the resort early yesterday morning. Hours after the walls and roof of the structure had fallen into a smoking mass, tongues of flame were still to be seen among the ruins. BRITISH WARSHIPS BATTLE ITALIANS Seeks To Harrass Italy’s Force Advancing Along Egyptian-Libyan Coast ALEXANDRIA, Egypt, Sept. 19. —(JFI—Britain’s battle fleet has gone into violent action to demon strate its mastery of the Mediter ranean and to harass Italy’s ad vancing expeditionary force along the 350-mile Egyptian-Libyan coast line. . All along the coast, the British say, the bombardment caused a heavy damage to .the ipading col umns. The fleet’s might guns burst against Italian land positions night before last after it had made a three weeks’ sweep of the Medi terranean and Eagean seas. “This new sweep, of the. Mqditer ranan and this blasting of enemy concentrations ashore is new proof of our mastery of the sea and of air,” said an officer, aboard one of the warships. “In the entire 2,500 mile trip n Italian warship appeared and the fleet frequently- was shadowed by enemy planes, they made no at tempt to bomb us. Destroyers mad an attack on two submarines with depth charges.- Huge patches of oil appeared on the surface of the sea after both attacks.” From Sidi Barrani to Salum— in Egypt—the fire of the fleet-had raked Italian troop concentrations and newly established supply bas es. The shelling came Within 48 hours after the Italians had dug in at Sidi Barrani. The British maintained that it took the Ital ians by surprise and caused wide spread damage to the bases they had prepared for an intensifica tion of his drive into Egypt, The fleet also heavily shelled the Libyan port of Bengasi, 300 mile* west of Salum, simultaneously with a British air bombardment, 2 QUESTIONNAIRES MAILED KNOXVILLE, Tenn., Sept. 19.— (#>) — Col- William Hallorkn of the First military area headquarters said today questionnaires had been mailed to about 3,600 reserve officers in Tennessee and North Carolina to de termine how many were available for active service at f.he present time. J Excess Profits Tax Bill Passed By Senate, 46-22 _ WILL SPEED DEFENSE Peace-Time Provisions Add 3.1 Per Cent To Corpora tion’s Tax Rate WASHINGTON, Sept. 19. — (£)— A bill levying an excess profits tax on corporations and making revenue law revisions designed to speed the defense program was approved by the senate today, 46 to ' 22, after the legislators had added an amendment calling for huge increases in taxation if the United States goes to war. The measure now will go to a joint conference committee to rec oncile wide difference between the peace time provisions of the sen ate bill would add a flat 3.1 per cent to the normal income tax rate of all corporations. For example, corporations earning more than $25,000 would be increased from the present 20.9 per cent to 24 per cent. The bill also would impose a tax of from 25 to 50 per cent on profits defined as excess under a formula provided in the bill. The house bill did not contain the in crease in- the normal corporation tax rate. Limitations Suspended Both house and senate adopted provisions suspending existing pro fit limitations on government con tracts for construction of warships and airplanes and permitting cor porations to charge off against, earnings over a five-year period the cost of defense manufacturing facilities completed subsequent to Jan. 1, 1940. Just before passing the bill the chamber adopted an amendment by Senator Connally (D-Tex) to set up a schedule Of income tax rates, effective in time of war only, ranging up to 80 per cent on high est-bracket taxpayers. The normal tax for individuals in time of war would be fixed at 10 per cent (against the present 4 per cent) and that of corporations at 35 per cent. Corporations would be required to pay a war tax of up to 60 per cent on profits in excess of 5 per cent. There would be a specific exemption of $5,000. Under the peace-time excess prots levy a corporation would de termine the amount to be taxed as excess profits in one of two ways. It (Continued on Page Five) Aliens In Canal Zone Will Be Discharged BALBOA, Canal Zone, §ept. 19— UP) —The United States array aattotinced ' tonight that 230 European-born aliens em ployed in the Canal zone will be discharged tomorrow. The order climaxed weeks of exhaustive investigation. On Monday, a group of 134 aliens found to be residing il legally in the Canal zone were sent to Ellis Island, in New Yofk harbor, aboard an army transport. Officials declined to give de tailed reasons for the dis charges but said they were “in the national interest.” JAP, INDO-CHINA BREAK THREATENS Unexplained De m a n d s Threaten To Upset Ne gotiations Under Way HANOI, French Indo-China, Sept. 19.—(A>)—New and unexplained de mands threatened tonight to upset the negotiations between the gov ernment ot French Indo-China and the Japanese who have sought the right to move trovps and supplies through the colony to facilitate their war against China. The French government issued a statement saying: “Negotiations between the French authorities and the Japanese mis sion have reached a delicate state, the Japanese having presented new demands which do not seem com patible with instructions from the French government and which devi ate from previous agreements, but the negotiations are continuing.” The statement offered no expla nation of the new demands, but in formed sources declared the Japa nese suddenly had shifted the em phasis in the negotiations from their desire to move troops and supplies through the colony to a request for bases which could have little con nection with the Japanese army’s China campaign. Planes Rush Master Copies Ut Dratt Registration Forms To Every State WASHINGTON, Sept. 19. —W — Tentative plans for calling 37,000 more national guardsmen to active duty in November were announced today by Secretary Stimson, while airmail planes rushed master cop ies of civilian draft registration forms to central points in each state. The new militia orders would bring the total of guardsmen mus tered into active service to 133,000 and would principally affect the 56th cavalry brigade (Texas), the 31st division (Florida, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana), the 35th division (Nebraska, Kansas and Missouri) and the^36th division (Tsxss.) The plan calls for mobilizing 1, 377 officers and men from the 56th cavalry on Nov. 18, at Fort Bliss, Tex., and the remainder on Nov. 25, at Camp Blanding, FI.-.., Camp Robinson, Ark., and Brown wood, Tex. No additional guardsmen are to be called until after- Jan. 1. The conscription forms were for warded to be printed by the mil lions locally, and were the first of 64 cards, questionnair -, placards, and booklets, which jvill be sent out. The total printing bill, it is es timated, will run to $1,500,000. Army officials computed that they would need 32,000,000 registra tion cards, 24,000,000 registration certificates and 24,000,000 question naires. No explanation v7as given as to the size of these figures when compared with the 16,500,000 who are to be registered. At the White House, the day pro duced the appointment of a com mittee to cooperate with the na 1 (Continued on Page Two; Col. .4) WILLKIE PRESENTS FOUR-POINT PLAN GOP Candidate Says Will Turn America From ‘A Totalitarian System’ ——■-" fcOS ANGELES;'Sept. 19.—(AT— Proposing the formation of a spec ial tax commission, Wendell L. W’illkie outlined tonight this four point program which he said would turn the United States away from “a totalitarian system.” ‘T—The rules under which busi ness is conducted must be clear and must be stable. ”2—Government policies affect ing business should be consistent ‘‘3 — Government competition with business must be kept within well-defined limits. It must not stop the flow (< capital into new productive enterprise. ‘‘4—Business must be given a chance to make a profit.” In a speech prepared for delivery in the Memorial Coliseum, Willkie ministration had set up a tax slruc ministration had set up a tax sturc ture that is “unscientific, repres sive, and loaded with punitive mea sures.” “If elected,” Mr. Willkie said, “I propose the immediate estab lishment of a special commission to study the whole tax question. Such a commission must be com posed of government officials, members of both houses of con gress, business men, representa tives of labor and tax experts. “It should study the needs of the federal, state, and local gov ernments. The effects of taxation upon the individual and upon the nation must be analyzed together with the cost and complexity of administering various types of tax GS. Toward the end of his address, the republican presidential nomi nee said he claimed to understand some of labor’s problems because he had been a business man by training. “Labor is entitled to the pro tection of progressive labor legis lation,” Willkie declared, “such as the wage and hours law and the national industrial labor relations set, * Willkie, who received a noisy re ception on his arrival here this afternoon, declared that labor laws “must be administered in the in terest of the whole nation.” “Their purpose is to reduce in dustrial strife, not foment it,” he continued, adding: “The proper function of our gov ernment is to police the activities of its people so that they do not injure each other or encroach upon each other’s rights. It is in this spirit that government should stand with relation to workers and employers, not as opponents of either party, but as a friend to both.” The candidate said that labor, along with business and govern ment, must remember "that we in America are young. “Unlimited capacity for growth lies ahead of us,” he added. . . . we are not old enough to have an indispensable man—or an indispen sable law—or an indispensable the'ory of economics ' \ t Large Crowd Bids Goodbye ToGuardsmen Campbell, Dosher, Korne gay And Col. Ochs Speak At City Hall Ceremonies LARGE PARADE HELD Campbell Terms Event One Of Great Importance In Lives Of Local People With its ‘‘farewell” program tuned to the strains of martial music ard with banners flying, Wilmington’s populace turned out at the city hali yesterday afternoon to wish the city’s National Guards men “Godspeed” on the eve of their departure to the TJ. S. Army camps for a year’s active train ing. A crowd of 5,000 or more ga thered in the street in front of the city hall for the “goodby and good luck” ceremonies and as many more lined the streets of the city to throw confetti and cheer the civilian-soldiers in their parade. ouunus neyuoie The keynote of the ceremonies staged on the steps of the city hall was sounded in an address by City Attorney William B. Camp bell, who concluded his charge to the guardsmen with the remark: “To you- families a:-(' 1 ed ones we express our appreciation of their sacrifices, and to you—God speed.” Others who spoke along the same lines were W. R. Dosher, postmas ter and commander of th Ameri can Legion post; C. E, Kornegay, president of the Central Labor Union; Lieut. Col. William Van Dyke Ochs, commandant of the New Hanover ROTC unit. James E. L. Wade, city com missioner of public works, presid ed ae master of ceremonies. Terming the event as one of “great importance and signifi cance and one which affects the lives and well being of the people of Wilmington and New Hanover county,” Mr. Campbell pointed out that Wilmington has a greater number of organized units and the greater number of individual members of the National Guard than any other city in North Caro lina. “This splendid position attained by our people illustrates that we have, through all the years of the history of our nation, retained in our hearts and lives the finest tra dition of patriotism, Americanism and the determination to protect and preserve our democracy and the rights of a free pcc-.le. To this continuity and to these loyal evidences of the best in us, ..e, today, to this personel, pay our sincere tribute. Recalls Lincoln “In this upset world it is by ex emplifying these qualities and ex ercising this determination that we have from you men the assurance that this nation, under God, shall not perish from the earth.” as the immortal Lincoln said more than 75 years ago. “We have the greatest pride in you, our worthy representatives, who by your temporary departure and the example of your lives and service, will write on this page of current history the answer to the continued preservation of a free lapd, and the answer wh' will be the ultimate elimination from the earth of the authoritarian states and the old-world practices which have enslaved in servitude our brethren of the world, and the (Continue.' on Page Five) L.T.M 5 HERO OF B CH’S FIRE Volunteer Fireman Risks His Life To Turn Off Streaming Fire Hydrant BY GLADYS BEST TRIPP Hero of yesterday morning’s fire that wreaked $1,000,000 damages to Carolina Beach’s business district and midway was L. T. (Leaky) Da vis, volunteer fireman at the beach, who spectacularly risked his life to turn off a streaming fire hydrant. The flames of the original fire spread so quickly that the fire hose connected to the hydrant was burned through before the firemen could disconnect it. With the water supply diminish ing rapidly every minute, the gush ing hydrant was wasting valuable fighting power. Just as Davis, an employe of Ethyl-Dow Chemical company, reached the hydrant to turn it off, the top of an electric power pole above his head fell directly toward him. Retreating quickly at the shouted warnings of onlookers, he was saved by a shorter pole catch ing the wires. Undaunted, Davis went back into the smoke and flames, and almost five minutes elapsed while he stood with flames burning near his el bows and boiling water from the gutters running near his feet before he could successfully turn off the hydrant. The old axim of ‘‘water, water ev erywhere but not a drop to drink”— or put out a fire — was strikingly true early yesterday when the Caro lina Beach and Wilmington firemen battle the blaze with a scarce water supply and only a few yards distant was the entire Atlantic ocean. The 50,000-gallon water tank at Carolina Beach could not provide enough water to halt the gigantic (Continued on Page Five) Ribbentrop And II Duce Talk Joint Axis Plans ROME, Sept. 19— UP! —German Foreign Minister Joachim von Rib bentrop came to Rome today on an armored train equipped with anti aircraft guns and conferred for two hours with Premier Mussolini on joint axis plans to defeat Brit ain and rule Europe. Spain’s “cooperation” in win ning the war, with Gibraltar as her reward, was widely discussed here as a likely subject between the two leaders. From Mussolini’s side the future i of Greece and Turkey—last hold-1 outs against axis domination in southeastern Europe—also were be lieved brought up . In the war to the finish against Britain, Virginio Gayda, authorita tive Fascist editor, declared other European nations. ‘particularly friendly ones,” are involved “not as spectators alone.” This was considered a reference to Spain, and there have been un confirmed rumors of axis attempts to persuade Spain to at least per mit troop passage for a land at (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6). 1