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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, October 02, 1940, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1940-10-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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Dedicated To The Progress Of i ■ 1
WILMINGTON 4 4 Served by Leased Wire of the
And Southeastern North t'tttttlY ASSOCIATED PUBS
Carolina l IIII III J,£ll With Complete Coverage ol
^ T ▼▼▼ State and National News
+ + + + + + ^ i . . . ... _
Radio Stations In Ham
burg, Bremen, Other Ger
man Cities Are Silent
Berlin Residents Kept Un
der Cover For Five Hours
During Fierce Raid
LONDON, Oct. 1.—<iP)—A new and
heavy assault upon the big berthas
that crowd the German-held French
coastline was opened late tonight
by British bombers half hidden in
rain clouds overhanging the Eng
lish Channel.
Both sides of the Dover Strait
trembled under the shock of explod
ing bombs. The center of the British
attack was in the region of the har
bor of Boulogne and of the Nazi
gun emplacements near Cap Gris
German searchlights threw up
lanes of creeping white, and Ger
man anti-aircraft batteries smote
the upper air with shrapnel and
multi-colored shell bursts. Tracer
shells and parachute flares threw
out their brief illuminations.
Radio Stations Silent
Radio stations in Hamburg, Bre
men and other German stations fell
silent, without explanation, before
the usual hour of sign-off, and it
thus appeared that British raiders
were over many areas of the Reich.
All this was but a resumption of
assaults last night and early today
upon the vital forges of the Ger
man war foundry and the long
string .of Nazi-held French ports—
targets, said the air ministry, of
tons of British bombs.
The air ministry said they struck,
these men who nightly ride an old
patrol, from the far interior of Ger
many in a long sweep back to the
coast; and they left red, irregular
blotches of flame from Berlin to
•LI* T* CA.O
greatest single efforts yet launched
in the ultimate defense of England
against the invasion threat, and the
loss of five British planes was
Berlin s people were under cover
for more than five hours—the long
est period yet—and heavy British
bombers were declared here actually
to have cruised up and down over
the Reich’s capital for three and a
half hours, dropping tubes of ex
plosives on the city’s vital utilities.
The attack on Berlin, loosed dur
ing the night and carried on into
this morning, was reported particu
larly heavy on the west and Kling
enberg power stations, and it sym
bolized perhaps more important as
saults upon vital areas not only
elsewhere in Germany but in Hol
land, Belgium and France as well.
This was the report of the de
struction wrought, area by area, as
reported by the British air ministry:
In Germany—Oil refineries at
Hanover and Leuna, near Leipzig,
heavily bombed and great flames
left leaping upward; at Rothenburg,
an airplane factory hit; At Magde
burg, a munitions plant; freight
yards and railwaj communications
bombed at Bremen, Ehrang, Osna- :
brueck and Mannheim; the docks hit ;
at Cuxhaven. i
In Holland—Docks at Amsterdam
hard pounded; gasoline dumps at
tacked at Rotterdam and Vlaardin- i
gen; eight explosions reported at an
airdrome in Limburg.
In Belgium—The port of Ostend
assaulted, shipping and supplies
bombed; railway centers and freight
yards smashed at in Brussels. 1
Shell Splinters Fall In East
ern Part Of City During
28th Straight Attack
Admiral Evans Made ‘Dic
tator’ Of British Capital’s
Air Raid Shelters
LONDON, Oct. 1. — <-T) — London
summed up tonight tho best de
tenses of brains and planes, steel
and concrete against the prospec
tively worst wartime winter in its
20 centuries.
Even as these preparations went
forward the Nazis launched (heir
25th consecutive nightly raid but it
receded—so far as visible and audible
signs indicated—before midnight.
Some Londoners left the air raid
shelters and hurri d homeward but
others, unwilling to believe that
there would not be a resumption of
the ' attack before dawn, remained
under cover.
New Wave
They were right, for just on mid
night a new wave of raiders ap
proached from the east and the anti
aircraft barrage was resumed with
a mighty roar. Shell splinters fell
in the streets of East London.
Then, the Nazis withdrew toward
the southwest, instead of continuing
on the accustomed route to central 1
The raiders in their brief assault
had dropped bombs in a north Lon
don suburb, but no casualties were
reported. A few had come in by the
northwestern route; most of them
had entered over the southeast and
southwest coasts.
Official estimates of 5,000 persons
killed and 8,000 wounded in London
in September — compared with 1,075
killed and 1,261 wounded in August
—gave a great urgency to the gigan
tic task of defense which must be
Parts Of Defense
These parts were fitted into the
machinery of London’s defenses to
1. Admiral Sir Edward Ratcliffe
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Voices Hopes For Corridor
To Aegean Sea As Army
Occupies South Dobruja
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Oct. 1. — UP) —
Bulgaria turned her attention to
ward Greece today and voiced cau
dous hopes for a corridor to the
\egean sea.
Her new territorial ambition was
shown on the very day her army
lompleted occupation of Southern
Dobruja, with its 400,000 people and
1,226 square kilometers of territory,
which she won from Rumania.
Utterances by Bulgarian govern
nent officials and newspapers indi
?ated growing hopes that Greece
nay be persuaded, like Rumania, to
i policy of ‘‘peaceful revision” under
in increase of axis influence in the
Shopkeepers put up placards, ‘‘we
ire ready for the Aegean.”
To show its appreciation for stip
>ort in the Dobruja settlement Sofia
lamed streets today for Hitler, Von
tibbentrop, Mussolini, and Ciano.
The Greek legation now is on Hit
er street.
Nazis List Three-Fold
Aims Of British Raids
BERLIN, Oct. 1.— <a>> —The Ger
man air force, day and night, is out
to keep London from “catching its
breath,” an authorized source said
tonight in outlining what was de
scribed as the three-fold purpose of
Germany’s aerial offensive against
the British Isles.
The other primary aims were
stated to be:
Interference with British war pro
Blockading the import "of essen
sential goods.”
The outline appeared to fit pre
cisely with the German reports on
the latest bombings of Britain.
The high command said massed
formations and individual raiders in
the last 24 hours centered their at
tacks on London and. on the seas
around the British Isles.
It claimed: Sinking of a 10,000-ton
merchantman by air action off Ire
land; scattering of a convoy oft
Scotland with two ships aflame; hits
on air plants, airports and harbors
in the south and west of England
i (Continued on Page Three; Coi. 1)
Excess Profits Tax Measure Sent ToF. D. R.
j Britain’s “Savior”
lit cause Mr Hugh tasvvall ire
menheere Bonding, marshal of the
R. A. I', fighter command, convinced
tlie air council to have eight cross
tire machine guns mounted on
lighter planes and is today directing
operations of the Spitfires and Hur
ricanes, lie r -trailed as the “savior'
ill Britain." His planes have taken
heavy nil of Nazi raiders.
ulffllilfct UKbtS
Wants United States Navy
lo Convoy Food And Ma
terials To England
A resolution calling on President
Roosevelt to use the United States
' avy to convoy food and materials
to England in either American
mips or ships of foreign nations
• as adopted by the Wilmington
chapter of the Committee to De
tond America Through Aid to the
A-hes yesterday morning.
The resolution was adopted de
ans a warning that “this resolu
';on is tantamount to a declaration
sf war.'1
The resolution was offered by F.
H; Fechtig, purchasing agent of the
‘"■'■'antic Coast Line railroad, who
told the crowd of nearly 60 people
handing the meeting, “We are go
to? to be in this war. It is only a
iuestion of time.”
Pomeroy Nichols, a new mem
er of the executive committee of
-a organization, asked “Isn’t that
mtamount to a declaration of
■ ar-‘ If you feel that way why
J™t you vote that way?”
I do feel that way,” Mr. Fech
'■? replied, “and I am willing to
'tote that way. You don’t declare
■■sr anymore. You just have war.”
-Tuch discussion followed the of
toring of the resolution. Winder
hughes advanced the thought that
'--"age 0f such a resolution would
damage the influence which the
-Wimittee has in the community
“!!d that this country can be oi
fc’reater assistance to Great Britain
wthout a declaration of war than
"!'h one at this time.
A. McGirt urged passage ot
ne resolution on the grounds it is
i!: “answer to Japan’s recent
huntinued on Page Four, Col. 5)
■» — .
Further Taxes
May Be Voted
Early In 1941
Bill’s Draftsmen Estimate
It Will Yield $525,000,
000 On 1940 Income
Will Provide Government
Life Insurance For Men In
The Armed Services
Congress sent a compromise ex
cess profits tax bill to the White
House today amid forecasts in
both house and senate that still
further taxes would be levied early
next year.
The bill's draftsmen estimated
that it would yield $525,000,000 on
1940 income, including $230,000,000
from an increase in the normal
corporation tax, and from $900,
000,000 to $1,000,000,000 on 1941 in
To Speed Defense
In addition to the tax provisions,
the legislation also contained claus
es designed to speed up the de
fense program. These would sus
pend existing profits limitations on
government contracts for construc
tion of warships and airplanes and
permit corporations to charge off
against earnings- over a five-year
period the eost of new defense
manufacturing facilities completed
after June 10, 1940.
Included also was a section un
der which conscripts and other
members of the armed forces may
obtain low-rate government life in
Designed originally to hold in in
check the profits that might ac
crue to industries engaged in the
sale of national defense items, the
completed legislation also would
depend for a substantial part of
its revenue upon a flat addition of
3.1 per cent to the normal corpor
ation income tax of concerns earn
ing more than 25,000 a year. This
change would increase the rate for
these corporations to 24 per cent.
A tax of from 25 to 50 per cent
would be leviecj on profits defined
in the bill as exceeding normal.
As it went to President Roose
velt the bill represented a com
promise of house and senate bills
as worked out by a conference
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Selection Of Jury Is Under
way In Brunswick Coun
ty Superior Court
SOUTHPORT, Oct 1.—Trial of
four negroes—James Green Mark
ey Bowen, Nelson Hankins and
Snooks Clemmons—on charges of
murder in connection with the
death of Police Officer Charles
Easley here several weeks, ago,
was started in Brunswick county
superior court this afternoon.
However, despite the f-ct that a
major part of the afternoon was
spent on the selection of a jury
a full jury had not been complet
ed tonight.
There were 16 challenges for
jury duty by the state and 24
(Continued on Page Four, Col. 7)
Mexican General Killed
On Eve Of Big Uprising
BV The Associated Press
. Monterey, Mexico. Oct. i.—
.'•'■•H.an soldiers pounced today on
'•Piadier General Andres Zarzosa
silot him to death a few hours,
ney said, before the zero hour for
' revolutionary coup intended to
'/ Pin re Monterrey, Mexico’s
jsreatest industrial city and se ze
„Wer in this American border
,. Zarzosa was an old friend, ac
‘Ve campaign supporter and mili
subordinate of Juan Andrew
toazan, who lost on the Das>s
;; official returns in his attempt
become president of Mexico]
over the opposition of the present
administration party.
He was shot to death and a band
of his adhererr.'s was blasted out
of a villa they had rented in this
city after a wild gunbattle ca-.ly
this morning.
First police, then soldiers, laid
siege to the house.
The police said a man wfjom
Zarzosa tried to persuade to nelp
him became frightened by the pro
portions of the scheme and squeal
Zarzosa, the police were told,
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
Ex-U. S. Wp’yhips In England
L ^ k,--—
.. .. r.....v.iv. .• t . ,:
C. P. Cablephoto
British seamen wave from the deck of one of four former U. S. de
stroyers as the first flotilla of overage warships traded to Britain arrive
in England. It was reported they beat off a submarine attack during the
crossing from Canada. Photo cabled from London to New York.
Pauls Lutherans
Plan Education Building
30th Division Reaches
Maintenance Strength
COLUMBIA, S. C., Oct. 1—
(/P)—The 30th Division, made up
of national guardsmen from the
Carolinas, Georgia and Tennes
see, reached its maintenance
strength of 14,000 officers and
men at Fort Jackson today.
AH units of the division have
arrived at the fort and have
been assigned to their individual
Under recent War department
orders, the division will soon be
boosted to a war strength of 18,
797 officers and men.
The fort’s population went
above 21,000 with the arrival of
the 113tli Field Artillery, a Na
tional Guard unit from North
Carolina which is not a part of
the 30th Division. This outfit
numbered 1,053 officers and men.
Sheriff Jones Named N. J.
Calder, ABC Enforcement
Agent, Night Jailer
Sheriff C. David Jones yesterday
announced the appointment of two
new deputy sheriffs to the law en
forcement organization of New Han
over county.
The new deputies are T. Butler,
former police officer at Carolina and
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 7)
North Carolina: Partly cloudy and
not quite so cool Wednesday; Thurs
day generally fair.
(Meteorological data for the 24 hours
ending 7:30 p. in. yesterday).
1 -30 a. m. 59; 7:30 a. m. 57: 1:30 p.
m. "65; 7:30 p m. 63; maximum 70;
minimum 56; mean 63; normal 70.
1:30 a. m. 92; 7:30 a. m. 88; 1:30 p.
m. 74; 7:30 p. m. 7S.
Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.,
0.03 inches; total since first of the
month, 0.03 inches.
Tides For Today
High Bow
Wilmington _10:16a 5:02a
10:35p 5:29p
Masonboro Inlet _ 8:02a 1:46a
8:20p 2:19p
Sunrise 6:07a; sunset 5:55p; moon
rise 7:17a; moonset 6:54p.
Cape Fear river stage at Fay
etteville, at 8 a. m., September 37,
9.0 feet.
(Continued on Page Four, Col. 7)
Proposals To Be Referred
To Special Meet Of Con
gregation Monday Night
Construction of a modern religious
education building at Sixth and
Princess streets is planned by St.
Paul’s Lutheran church, officials of
the church announced last night.
The structure, when completed and
fully equipped, will cost between
$40,000 and $45,000.
Proposals for the general con
tracting, plumbing- and heating were
received and opened by the church
council last night. They will be re
ferred to the congregation at a spe
cial meeting Monday night at 8
o’clock in the Luther Memorial
Contracts for the building are
scheduled to be let at that time.
The new building will be located
on the corner plot now occupied by
the Luther Memorial building, and
will face Sixth street. It is to be
constructed of hollow tile with stuc
co finish. The architecture will be
in keeping with that of the church.
The structure will have a base
ment and two stories. The base
ment, in addition to housing a boiler
and storage room, will have a recrea
tion room, complete with stage and
equipment for visual education.
Space is also planned for a Scout
room, and a place for power tools
where certain crafts may be taught.
A general assembly room, so ar
ranged as to give a chapel effect,
will occupy most of the first floor.
This space may be made into ten
class rooms. The east end of the
first floor is provided with a modern
On the second floor, there will be
assembly rooms for the primary,
beginner, and cradle roll and moth
continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
Erection Of
Project Begun
Ground Broken For Large
Oleander Development By
Housing Corporation
First Of Five Separate
Buildings Will Be Com
pleted Early Next Year
Wofk of constructing 72 apart
ments at Oleander by the New Han
over Housing corporation got under
way yesterday morning with the
breaking of the ground on which
the buildings will be located.
The project will give from 150
to 200 men employment and will
take five to seven months to com
plete, according to John W. Hud
son, of the Goode Construction cor
poration, Charlotte general con
First In January
The first of the five : aparate
buildings to be erected on a 20
lot, park-like area to contain 72
four and five room apartments will
be completed shortly after Janu
ary 1, if weather conditions permit
rush work, according to John
Marshall, vice-president of the re
cently-chartered New Hanover
Housing corporation, a Wilming
ton concern.
The project is being financed
through a Union-Central Life In
surance company loan, under the
FHA mortgage insurance plan.
Other Wilmington stockholders are
Leslie N. Boney, who is also archi
tect for the project, and Dr. John
T. Hoggard.
The apartments are to be mod
ern in every respect, Hudson said,
with stream-lined ' itchens and an
unusual amount of closet space.
Electric refrigerators and gas
ranges will be installed in every
kitchen. Each apartment will have
a service entrance and every room
will have cross-ventilation. The
apartments will have hardwood
floors, tile entrance vestibules,
with linoleum covering on floors
in the kitchens and baths.
The courts aroiind and between
the buildings will be landscaped
and playground areas are to be
The apartments are to be located
on an area slightly larger than
two city blocks, facing the new
highway to Wrightsville Eeach and
bounded on the west by Liveoak
Parkway in Oleander. 3
Body Of Former Wilming
tonian Discovered In Gas
Filled Room At U. N. C.
CHAPEL HILL, Oct. 1.—CP)—Wil
liam Benjamin Napier, 30, instructor
in the department of romance lan
guages at the University of North
Carolina, was found dead tonight in
his gas-filled bathroom.
Walter Creech, a neighbor and
faculty colleague, found the body and
summoned help. Efforts at resuscita
tion failed. <
Napier had been ill for some time
and was recuperating from pneu
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 2)
Drive To Develop City
Urged By Hugh MacRae
A concerted drive for the develop
ment of Wilmington through “energy
and intelligence” directed toward
four definite objectives was advo
cated at the luncheon meeting of
the Rotary club yesterday by Hugh
MacRae, Wilmington realtor and ag
A strengthening of local trade
through the development of the sur
rounding trade area was particularly
urged by the speaker, who brought
out that the prosperity of Wilming
ton depends in part on the purchas
ing power of a wide neighborhood.
Other objectives suggested by the
speaker included increasing the
depth of the Cape Pear river channel
five feet to give it a depth of 35
feet, ^establishing a great military
training camp and building military
highways to connect Wilmington
with other parts of the state.
All these things, Mr. MacRae said,
could be accompanied by the coop
eration. and hard work of Wilming
ton citizens, and particularly through
the civic clubs of the city.
The deepening of the channel
would allow larger ships to enter the
Wilmington port, and thus bring a
better class of business here, he said.
(Continued on Page Three; Col, 3)
Becomes Citizen
TRENTON, N. J„ Oct. 1.—(AP)—
Albert Einstein (shown above) be
came _ an American citizen today,
beaming with pleasure as Federal
•Judge Phillip Forman welcomed him
with the observation that the scien
tist’s “presence here becomes Ameri
ca’s gain.”
Taking tlie oath with the pro
fessor from the Princeton Institute
tor Advanced Study were his daugh
ter, Margot, and his secretary, Helene
Not Expected To Join Axis
Powers In Formal Alliance
Against Britain
ROME, Oct. 1.—UP)—The likeli
hood of Spain entering the war or
even joining the Axis powers at
this time in a formal alliance
against .Britain was virtually dis
carded by political circles today
as Generalissimo Francisco Fran
co’s minister of government, Ra
mon Serrano Suner, conferred with
Premier Mussolini.
> Spain, said Virginio Gayda, au
thoritative Fascist editor of Gior
nale d’ltalia, “is and can remain
among the non-belligerent powers,
but its men and its policy natural
ly belong to the Axis system. . .
May Abide Time
Observers regarded it as prob
able that Franco would keep Spain
out of the war until the time ap
peared propitious for the attempt
to make a quick capture of Gi
braltar by German and Italian
forces working in his behalf.
(Italy herself kept out of the war
until last June, when the fall of
France was certain.)
“Spain is at the side of Italy
and Germany,” wrote Gayda, “. . .
and this attitude is useful to the
cause of the new order in Europe,
even if it does not achieve the
form of immediate armed inter
vention beside the Axis powers.”
The Spanish envoy, who confer
red last week in Berlin with Adolf
Hitler and Foreign Minister Joa
chim von Ribbentrop at the time
Japan joined the Rome-Berlin Axis
had a brief talk with Mussolini
this morning and then went to
luncheon with Italian foreign min
ister Count Galeazzo Ciano.
His conferences with Mussolini,
one source said, were aimed at
“reinforcing, clarifying and mak
ing precise the identity of views
between the Nationalist Spain of
Generalissimo Franco and the two
victorious powers.”
Williamson Points To Car
riers’ Vital Position In
Safety Of Country
NEW YORK, Oct. 1.—(TP)—Amer
ican railroads were described today
by Frederick E. Williamson, presi
dent of the New York Central Rail
road, as prepared to meet the defense
needs of the nation.
“Never before,” Williamson told a
World’s Fair audience, “were the
American railroads so vital to the
safety and well-being of the country
as they are in the present emergency
which confronts us today.
“Millions of people who hereto
fore have accepted railroad service
as an everyday commonplace of life
today realize that upon it may de
(Coutinued on Page Four, Col. 4)

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