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Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B Page, Owner and Publisher ' Telephone All Departments DIAL 3311 _ Entered as Second Class Matter at 'filming ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Jongress of March 3, 1879 _ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER Payable Weekly or in Advance Combina Star News tion 1 Week .$ 20 * 15 $ 3U 3 Months 2.60 1.95 3.90 6 Months . 5.20 3.90 7.80 x Year . 10.40 7.80 15.60 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News _ ~ " BY MAIL Payable Strictly in Advance Combina Star News tion l Month .$ 75 $ 50 $ 90 3 Months .. 2.00 1.50 2.75 6 Months . 4-°8 3-0° 5 50 l Year . 8.00 6.00 10 00 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News (Daily Without Sunday! 1 Month .$ .50 6 Months -$3.00 3 Months . 1.50 12 Year . 6.00 (Sunday Only! 1 Month . $ .20 6 Months .$1 25 3 Months .65 1 Year . 6-00 Card of Thanks charged for at the rate ol 25 cents per line. Count five words to line. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS is entitled to the exclusive use oi all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star THURSDAY, OCTOBER 3. 1940 --— I Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving ind Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from Wrightsville Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension of City Limits. Sb-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Produc tion through sustained-yield methods throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Pro motional Agency, supported by one county-wide tax. Shipyards and Drydock. Negro Health Center for Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. Adequate hospital facilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium. TOP O' THE MORNING His voice still speaks across the years: “Blessed are they that mourn.'' The grief that is too hard to bear, We need not bear or fear. Be comforted, remembering That one who cares is near, And He will hold us by the hand Until the dark skies clear. GRACE NOLL CROWELL. Hitler Turns To Egypt With the probability of a Nazi attempt to invade England growing more remote, some observers believe that the Axis powers in Eu rope will now concentrate on the Battle of Egypt in the hope of finally driving Britain from the Mediterranean area. This view is supported by dispatches in which it is hinted that the German military command has taken over in Italy, rushed Nazi reinforcements to that country to be used in the Mediterranean campaign, and will direct all offensive operations henceforth against British African bases. Having failed in the first phase of his cam paign against England and with a winter of terrific suffering ahead for the people of all conquered countries as well as in Germany itself, it is altogether probable that some such effort will be made by Hitler. If he could cut the Suez canal, gain control of the Med iterranean lifeline of Britain, he would gain not only a strategic advantage but the ef fect of a defeat there would seriously affect the morale of the British people at home And the morale of Britain has been an im portant factor in Hitler’s failure thus far to win the Battle of England. i«e uiiuci tarvuig, huwcvci, not WilnoUl its hazards for Hitler, and they are serious hazards indeed. To send reinforcements to the Italians, he must reduce his forces along the British channel and the North sea. Any material reduction in his offensive forces there inevitably would be to Britain’s advantage and might result in the British gaining a foothold on the continent for her own land offensive, which it is generally believed, she plans for next spring. The launching of a major cam paign in North Africa would leave Hitler’s eastern front in great peril, especially as the Royal Air Force has already imposed heaw punishment there, destroying great stores of munitions and supplies, as well as crippling German war industries further inland. Hitler’s hope in the Mediterranean lies in quick success. He must repeat his exploit in France, where his blitzkrieg met only inef fectual resistance. But it is not at all certain that he can do this. Britain has learned her lesson. If she lacks anything now, it is not the fighting spirit or large forces to meet attack. A strong fleet and strong colonial ar mies guard Egypt. But she may lack adequate equipment. We, have heard that she needs tanks as well as other war requirements. That is where the United States comes in. So long as Britain holds our first line of defense, whether in England or Egypt, our duty is to provide her with all needed equipment as quickly as our industries can produce it. As To I. 0. U.’s The current political campaign has brought a renewal of charges that improper methods are employed in handling the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust fund. These criticisms can be reduced to: 1. The funds brought in by Social Security taxes are being spent as fast as received and as a result there is no money in this particu lar fund, but instead a stack of government I. O. U.’s. 2. Since the money has been spent, it will be necessary to raise it all over again when benefits are paid, and that means that taxes will again be levied, and we shall have double taxation. These statements and the resulting conclu sions are both in error. Much of the careless thinking on the subject is due to a miscon ception of what constitutes “money”. Appar ently, a great many people think of money in the same sense as cash in their pocketbooks. Carried to its logical conclusion then, the trust fund would consist of dollar bills, Federal Re serve notes and loose change. Disregarding the fact that such a fund would not be in vested and. in consequence, would be non-in terest bearing, it would continue to be essen tially a stack of I. O. U.’s, for without metallic backing that is precisely what a dollar bill or Federal Reserve note is. As a matter of fact, “money” is in general an I. O. U. When the taxpayer makes payment to the treasury, he will in most cases do so by check. That is an I. O. U. The treasury then deposits the check in a bank, at which point it becomes a bookkeeping entry, an other form of I. O. TJ. Sooner or later, the treasury will draw a check in favor of a bene ficiay of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance, another I. O. U. From the time the original taxpayer makes his contribution until he or someone else receives his retirement income, the “money” has never ceased to be an I. O. TT. To those who would still feel safer if they thought currency was piled up under lock and key in the trust fund, it might be suggested that they pick up a statement of their nearest bank and see how “cash on hand” compares with deposits. They may be horrified to find that the depositors’ money “just isn’t there.” If the critics are looking for trouble, they will find many similar trust funds devoid of “cash”. The government has for years main tained a variety of such funds. In these, the money is invested in government securities, and for all practical purposes, there is no cash in such funds. Among them may be men tioned the Postal Savings system, containing over a billion dollars of the people’s savings, the Civil Service Retirement fund, the gov ernment Life Insurance fund, and 20 or more similar funds most of which were established long before Social Security came into being. Precisely the same criticism can be made of all of these. The money has been spent, in the sense that it has been invested in govern ment bonds and the funds therefore consist of “stacks of I. O. U.’s.” Then there is the double taxation complaint. It is inaccurate to say that because the money has been “spent”, new taxes must be imposed to pay benefits in some future year. This wholly disregards the tax income arising in a particular year, which by itself, without interest on the investment is estimated to ex ceed benefit payments for many years to come Under these conditions, there is obviously no need for additional or “double taxation”. MacRae’s Four Points In the proposals offered by Mr. Hugh Mac Rae in an address before the Rotary club, Wil mington can find objectives which will give the city prominence in the district’s develop ment, in the nation’s commerce and in the national defense program. The four points he emphasized are: help for Wilmington’s trade area, a 35 - foot channel for the Cape Fear river, a military training post, and the building of military roads mak ing Wilmington the central point of a vast defense area. Of the first, it may be said that Wilmington is the hub of as rich a production belt as exists in the country. Southeastern North Caro lina has no peer in soil fertility, in variety of crops, in accessibility by rail and water to the great eastern markets, in year-round pastures. In agricultural possibilities it is unsurpassed. Because of its undeveloped water sources, its proximity to natural resources, its opportunity for industries is unlimited. To carry south eastern North Carolina farm and industrial prospects to their full development for mutual benefit is Wilmington’s duty, in the perform ance of which the entire business community will be tremendously advantaged. A 35-foot channel has long been recognized as an essential factor in the potential growth of Wilmington’s commerce. Any channel of lesser depth, even the dredging which is now under congressional authorization, will leave the port short of its goal. This deeper water way is desirable not only because it will en able vessels of greater draft to reach dock side, but because it would also make the river, from Wilmington to the ocean, a favor able hideout and fueling base for submarines and torpedo boats and thus make it a vital spot in the defense of an exposed shoreline. The matter of a military training post ought A to be considered in the light of what is tran spiring in other cities where such projects are already underway. Columbia is preparing to receive 40,000 soldiers. Already there are a great many detachments in barracks there. The city is a beehive, we understand, with every soul within its borders, and far beyond, engaged in some gainful enterprise. Fayette ville is being transformed as military arrivals increase. The building trades, the stores, ho tels, restaurants—every business and occupa tion—are moving ahead at a lively clip. New Hanover, Pender, Brunwick counties have desirable sites for cantonments and maneu ver grounds, and in each vast tracts have been made available for them. While the de cision is vested in the military authorities at Washington, it devolves upon Wilmington to help shape that decision. Military roads centering in Wilmington and stretching far and wide to military and pro duction bases, upon which Mr. MacRae dwelt in his address, are as important to the nation as to southeastern North Carolina. The entire coast from Norfolk to Charleston is exception ally exposed. Strategists have said that it would be among Atlantic areas best fitting the needs of an invading force. Because of this military highways upon which defense forces could be moved quickly to repel attack are as important as the defense force itself. The federal government is to spend more than five million dollars in the Carolina areas for military roads, with three million dollars in Carolina. Wilmington ought to concentrate a large part of its effort Wpon securing a pre ferred place on the federal military road maps. These are matters on which much thought has been given by Wilmington’s progressive, constructive groups. Now the time has come to transform thinking into action. Mrs. Mac Rae merely gave fresh expression to projects which have long been desired. It is to be hoped that his inspiring words will stimulate the civic clubs and other organizations to much needed activity. A Triple Benefit Start of work on the Oleander apartment project is important for many reasons, and three in particular. There will be employment for 200 or more workers for at least seven months. This increase In payrolls will be a material benefit to retail stores and bring comfort into many homes through the winter season. The second benefit is to be found in the ex ample set by the venture. Wilmington has long been in need of this type of construction. Its apartment houses now are inadequate to the need. With this project under way it is believable that more will follow and Wilming ton will catch up wit hits opportunity in hous ing construction. A further benefit is the purchase of mater ials to go into the 72-unit project. Wholesalers, jobbers, and other dealers in building ma terials will welcome the chance to share in the capital investment thus made. Editorial Comment ONE TO SPARE Charlotte News If in reapportioning Congressional seats the same method is used as after the 1930 census, North Carolina is likely to get a new congress man. And in that event, until the state legisla ture had redistricted the state (gerrymander ed would be the republican word for it) so as to make twelve districts where now there are only eleven, we would have a representa tive at large. That is, the whole state would have a vote in electing the twelfth man. Redistricting would be a good thing for North Carolina, if it were done by grouping contiguous counties instead of slicing up the state so as to offset the republican mountain counties. But the prospect of one more con gressman is not precisely the sort of thing that is calculated to make Tar Heels go wild with joy. Matter of fact, there is good ground for the statement that even now, without this pleas ing token of our growth in population, the state has one too many men in its delegation of senators and representatives in Washing ton. Most anybody could name him for those who don’t know. 4 LOOKING AHEAD Durham Herald Senator King of Utah, who failed of renom ination and doesn’t have to consider political expediency, isn’t like to get far at this junc ture with his proposal that Britain be offered exemption from the Johnson Act and reduc tion in her faar debt in exchange for bases in the Pacific. Soon or late, though, if Britain continues to stand up under Hitler’s pounding, steps in line with Senator King’s proposal are going to be taken and with the blessings of those who measure their acts by political expediency. The war debt angle, we think, is so much eyewash, but if those who think it applicable wish to use it, let them go to it. Amendment of the Johnson Act—prohibition of loans to coun tries which have defaulted in war debts—will become an immediate issue as soon as Brit ain exhausts her capacity to pay cash for planes and other machines of war obtainable in the United States. How long that will be depends on factors no one can now measure with exactness. The time will surely come, however, that Britain will need that which she cannot pay for, if the war continues. And just as surely, we think, credit will be extend ed, current laws and proclamations to the contrary. It may be, therefore, that it is fortunate that there are a few in the senate now willing to look ahead and invite the timid to prepare for decisions that are going to have to be made, perhaps on relatively short notice. 2 Quotations Our policy has succeeded in driving Japan into the arms of those who were the last ones we wanted her associated with. —Senator Ger ald P. Nye. I’m not mad at anybody. I keep busy all the time. When you keep busy, you don’t have time to be mad. —John Nance Garner. Fair Enough By WESTBROOK PEGLER The Star wishes its readers to know that views and opin ions expressed in this article are those of the author and may not always harmonize with its position.—The Editor. NEW YORK, Oct. 2.—The most highly civilized man I know is a sallow young Georgian of 28 years or so who was born in a log house chinked with mud, such as may be seen from the highways and the train windows there. He quit school when he was eight years old to help out around the poverty-strick en patch on which his family lived and, a few years later, joined out with a building contractor to earn a little cash money and learn a trade. He lives in a small uonnecucui mill town where squalor consider ably hides unsightliness by huddling along a side road b e a stream which could be beautiful and in some of its reaches is undeniably lovely. In this particular stretch, however, the river is badly fouled with crumbling industrial outbuild ings and the familiar clutter of old tires, oil cans and all such. The settlement around the mill, which manufactures wire and wife products—a historic industry in this particular section—depends on the mill for much of its living, but the wages are low, the work is intermittent and there is no mar gin. My friend has a wife and little boy, and he works in the mill as assistant machinist now, which means that he continues to work during layoffs in the mill, because that is the time when the machin ery is tightened up and repaired. I won’t attempt to go in' > details about that, because I don’t know much about it and, that isn’t my story. My story is that my friend is the most reliable and re- -urceful man that I have ever known. He is a carpenter and cabinet maker; he can mix plaster and concrete, build a chimney, take down and reassemble an automobile and mend an old job with parts picked up at the wreckers’ yard. He is an electrician, plumber and steam fitter and a farmer, and he can butcher his own meat. He can build a whole house start ing with the excavation and foun dation, and if I give an impres sion that he is just a typical old time, rural handy man or tinker I have done him an injustice and mauled the story. That kind can’t do anything well, whereas my friend does everything with the ex pert touch. That is why I say he is the most civilized man I ever have known, although he n ev e r really went to school but just dropped in for a couple of those short winter sessions in a rural seat of learning in a backward Georgia county, during which, nevertheless, he learned to read and write and to reckon up figures well enough for his purposes. Put him down on a frontier and he would get by where other men would freeze and starve. Isn’t that civilization? My friend is honest, too, and, although he will take a dram, it doesn’t come too much, and he is always on the job in the morning. When he joined out with the con tractor down in Geor ia the latter was building a house three stories high, and my friend—just an im mature boy at the time—was set to work pushing sand up to the first story, then to the second and finally to the third in a wheelbar row along inclined planks. The first few weeks he- thought the work would kill him, and color ed casual laborers on the same job would work a day or two, draw their pay and wander off, but he stuck it because the >-ontractor had told him he would ' 'ach him all about building houses if he would stick around. He worked with the contractor four or five years, send ing part of his money home, and when he finally decided to come north he had all these new skills added to the others, which he had acquired farming the patch at home. There are a lot of potential muni tions plants around our part of the country, but they say these places can’t produce munitions because the machinery doesn’t exist, but I tell you what they can do. They could turn my friend loose in an automobile boneyard or a town dump with a fair quota of old washboilers and baby carriage on it and he would come up with a workable ainti-aircraft gun or tank in due time. And if a special kind of machine was wanted to bore the tube of a special kind of cannon you wouldn’t have to bother wi"> blue prints. Just give him a rough idea and a couple of weeks to work on it in his spare time. Then one night he would be around at the door saying: “I got that machine for you to make cannon with. Where shall I put it?” Believe it or not, my friend’s name is Johnny Brown. I don’t know why they haven’t called him down to Washington. 4 Legion Post Will Hear Roland At Meet Tonight Wilmington Post No. 10, American Legion, will hold its monthly meet ing tonight at 8 o’clock at the Soros is club. In addition to the usual business of the Legion, it will be addressed by H. M. Roland, super intendent of schools who will speak on an important and timely sub ject of interest to all Legionnaires. A full report of the progress of the membership campaign to date as well as plans for the future will be announced. Due to the absence of Commander Wilbur R. Dosher who is on vacation. Vice-Commander Robert Strange will preside at the meeting. Keeping All Lines Busy V ^ &RITMH aeis \ tAOKE. \ ( V«SS?s£ a KZAS«rvi<« tnr. LITTLEJOHN CASE MOTION PLANNED Attorneys For Suspended De tective Will Ask For Dis missal Of Charges CHARLOTTE, Oct. 2.— CP) —At torneys for Frank N. Littlejohn, sus pended captain of detectives, began preparing today to make a formal motion before the Charlotte civil service commission for dismissal of the charges filed against Littlejohn by Police Chief E. J. Nolan. They gave notice of their plan after the commission decided it would not dismiss the charges of its own motion upon completion of testi mony by H. L. Taylor, the police chief’s attorney. Actual presentation of the motion will be deferred until the steno grapher makes a transcript of the evidence given by Nolan's witnesses. The stenographer' estimated that from two to three weeks would be required to prepare the record. Should the commission rule against the motion to dismiss, Littlejohn’s attorneys would have the choice of presenting testimony in reply to that offered by Nolan's witnesses or of appealing directly to superior court from the commission ruling. They were reported to have made arrange ments to produce 175 or more wit nesses if they should decide to pre sent testimony. Seven charges were filed against Littlejohn, for many years a member of the Charlotte detective force. They included allegations that he had conspired to protect prostitution, accepted a bribe, retained reward money belonging to other officers, and had been negligent in making certain investigations. city Board negrets Death Of G. E. Kidder The city commissioners yester day made public a resolution pass ed Sept. 18 expressing regret at the death of George E. Kidder. The resolution follows: “Whereas on the Seventeenth day of September, 1940, George E. Kidder passed from this earth, and "Whereas he had, for many years, served as an official of the Town of Wrightsville Beach and had contributed, through his un failing and unselfish devotion to civic duty, to the betterment of that municipality, and “Whereas his passing constitutes a great loss to the citizenry of Wilmington. “Now therefore be it resolved that this body does deeply regret his untimely passing and extends to his family its heartfelt sym pathy; and be it further resolved that a copy of this resolution be sent to his family, a copy to the local press and a copy spread upon the minutes of this meet ing.” Chiropodist Will Treat Duke Of Windsor’s Corn MIAMI, Fla., Oct. 2.— UP) _Dr. Harry H. Young, Miami chiropodist, went ot Nassau by plane today to ' treat a “bad and painful corn” for 1 the Duke of Windsor. Dr. Young 1 said he had been summoned by the c Duke. He said he did not know whether surgery would be necessary, i OUR COUNTRY Rex Beach Finds Greater Appreciation Of Our Way After A Look At Hitlers Twenty-first of 24 articles on "Our Country,” written exclu sively for NEA Service and The Wilmington Morning Star by the nation's most famous authors. By REX BEACH Author of “The Spoilers,” "The Barrier,” "Alaskan Adventures,” etc. In spite of the fact that democracy is threatened with extinction, there is an alarming indifference in this country as to what it is or what the results of its extinction may be. Probably that is because few of us Americans have taken time out to consider what the democratic way of life means to us, either as indi viduals or as a people, and also because it has been difficult to get a complete picture of the new order which the dictators propose to substitute for it. It has been hard for us to make sense out of the meaningless generalities broadcast by the German spellbinders or from the hysterical shriekings of the Nazi oracle-in-chief himself but now it is all made plain. The official mouthpiece of the Nazi Labor Front, Doctor Ley, recently proclaimed that Hitler has made Germany happy and it now becomes his irrevocable mission to bring Europe and the world to reason and to make them happy, too. We shall see in^ a moment just how that is to be accomplished, e are told that the lipmfwrQ^ioc qt*p n-wiL e „U efficient, senile and corrupt and that they must make BeaCD way for the young, vital, incorruptible peoples This war is being waged for our good; together the Germans and the Italians will make us and all the world as happy as they have made the Ethi opians, the Czechs, the Poles and others. It may help us to appreciate what the American idea stands for to outline the totalitarian scheme. Now that it finallv takes shape let's examine Herr Hitler’s blueprint and see how happy it will make u Here is what he sees: A German people in undisputed^ mastery not alone of Europe but also of the entire world: a race re cognized by all others as superior and ordained by right of birth to rule with an iron hand and to rape, rob and despoil by brute force as is now being done in every conquered country. A German Volk with an aristo cracy of its own, a Herren class of Hitlers, Goerings and Goebbels, chosen to govern lesser Germans and the rest of us who are even lower down in the human scale: a world held in bondage by German might: a world of sweat-shop nations toiling for their keep. A German people exercising the sole and exclusive right to bear arms and build engines of war: the rest of mankind eternally disarmed, dis franchised and doomed to economic slavery. a Herman worm in which only he ruling class will enjoy free access o culture, literacy and education, a class which will bestow upon all Jther peoples—ours among the nufn her—the blessings of Illiteracy und he priceless privilege of serfdom. There’s more to it but this ’s the general shape of the apochryphal rision that came to Adolf Hitler as te sat in solitude reading the stars ind gnawing a carrot. The effrontery, the conceit, the in iredible gall of it is astounding. That such a plan could be adopted and nade holy by his 80 million followers indicates the inflated egotism, the preposterous vanity, the ruthiess ness and vainglory of the German seople. It is easier for us to understand he drab doctrine of communism :han to grasp the full measure of his fantastic Teuton dream. Stalin vould like to crush capitalism and rill every owner of a bank book but hus far he has expressed no desire o swell his own vanity by actually inslaving the world Neither has he proposed to reduce the rest of hu nanity to a level of want lower than t._ that enjoyed by his own people. He merely wishes to have us share with them in the general equality of destitution. As to Fascism, it now appears to be merely an Italian translation of the Nazi creed but it is no less bloody and intolerant. Listen to a quotation from Popolo d'ltalia, of ficial sounding board for Hitler’s hired hatchet-man, the pompous Mussolini. "England must be destroyed! Ail the material and spiritual forces of Europe should unite around Ger many and Italy for this vital work of liberation, after which Europe will tranquilly resume her historic ad ministration of civilization . . . If, later, humanity desires rationally to solve the British problem, it should sterilize at least two million English men.’• Now that it becomes plain how civilization is to be administered by the dictators and we realize how far they propose to go in making us really happy, it’s almost a w-aste of time to ask what the democratic idea stands for. uurs isn t a perfect political ami social system, nevertheless it is the best one yet devised. It has flaws and weaknesses, to be sure, but they are nothing as compared with the appalling injustices, the monstrous cruelties of that tyranny proposed by the madman of Berlin and his inthropoid ally. If you like that sort of thing, by all means oppose the draft, belittle the emergency and write your congressman to delay our defense program. If you don’t like it, rise up in wrath and demand that we meet with full force, both phy sical and moral, this menace to sverything America stands for. Do It now, for there is no time to lose. Edna Ferber urges all of us to become better members of that great est of clubs, the United States of America, in the next article of this series on “Oflir Com*1-" "