Newspaper Page Text
Dedicated To The Progress Of -“—.
WILMINGTON Served by Le&sed Wire of the And Southeastern North ASSOCIATED PRESS Carolina With Complete Coverage of ^ . State and National News VOL-74-jNO. 32--_ SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1940 ESTABLISHED 186? FIVE DEMANDS ON GREECE A a a . Ask Land And Right To Use Plane Bases Reorganization Of Govern ment To Fit Axis Pattern Is Also Demanded WANT KING OUSTED Break In Trade Relations With Great Britain AIsc Asked By Axis Powers BY EDWARD KENNEDY CAIRO, Egypt, Oct. 18— UP) — Germany and Italy have made five all-inclusive demands on Greece, calling for territorial concessions to both Italy and Bulgaria, the use of Greek air bases by the Axis powers, and re-organization of the government to fit the Axis pattern, Greek diplomatic circles reported tonight. The demands were said also to stipulate that Greece break off trade relations with Great Britain. ' Five Points Specifically, the five points were said to have been set down by the Axis partners in this order: Immediate severance of trade ■ relations with the British. The cession of a strip of terri tory adjacent to the Albanian bor der to Italy and the cession of a corridor to the Aegean sea to Bul garia. The grant of the right to Italy to construct a road from Albania to Salonika, Greek pof,t and so called key to the south Balkans. The use of certain Greek air bases by Germany and Italy. The abdication of King George II of Greece, the resignation of Premier-Dictator John Metaxas and the formation of a pro-Axis government. The Greek diplomats said they learned of the alleged demands di rectly from Athens. Greece and Turkey are Britain’s last remaining friends in the Bal kans. The British are pledged to aid the Greeks against attack and artr aligned with Turkey in a mutual defense pact. Unofficial reports earlier in the week from Ankara said Turkey would go to the aid of Greece in the event of an Axis thrust. The Turks already have declared "two million bayonets” will resist any German-Italian drive against the Near East.) War _ Interpretive BY KIBKE L. SIMPSON The date, September 16 last, on which London now claims to have scotched a German attempt to in vade England is as significant as the fact itself—if it is r fact. That bit of news of a month-old happening tends not only to steF up British morale with a spicy taste of victory; it also furnishes a possible clue to the still undis closed purpose of the Hitler-Musso llni strategy conference eight days later in Brenner Pass. Nazi Disaster It makes small difference wheth er reported Nazi troop embarka tions across the channel were an actual attempt at an invasion, or just a full-dress rehearsal. The re sult, so London claims, was a Nazi disaster under a rain of British bombs. In either case, the incident may have forced a reshaping of Axis war strategy. It may have con vinced Hitler that his dreams of making a triumphal entry into London soon were premature. Every straw-in-the-wind develop (Continued on Page Three, Col. 5) ^ ^ x x x x x x x x x ^ ^ ^ * Japs Strike Blow Against Re-Opened Burma Road —- -• Planes Blast Chinese End Of Vital Route Kunming Is Attacked By Craft From Japanese South China Fleet GUN FACTORIES HIT Anti-Aircraft Guns Planted At Many Vantage Points Along The Highway HONG KONG, Oct. 18.—W)—Ja pan struck her first threatened blow against the re-opened Bur ma road today by bombing and blasting the strategic city of Kun ming. Chinece terminus of the stor ied "road to Mandalay” over ■vhich is surging one of the great est motor caravans of history. With the flood of arms-bearing traffic along the Burma road ris ing hourly. Hong Kong headquar ters of the Japanese South China fleet announced that naval war planes severely damaged military objectives in and around Kunming, capital of Yunnan province. Munitions Plants Hit Roaring down on their targets through gaps in heavy clouds, the Japanese bombers were reported to have rained explosives on Chi nese munitions factories in the suburbs of Kunming and military establishments within the city it self. Japanese headquarters said the raiders met no opposition from the air. However, the Chinese were re ported ready for the promised Jap anese attacks on the vital road between British Burma and China. Anti-aircraft guns were said to be planted at many vantage points along the way. Supplies started moving toward China in the early darkness to day after a three-months suspen sion of traffic in a vain effort by the British to appease Japan. (From Rangoon, Burma, came word that fleets of munitions trucks, long ready at the barrier to carry arms and munitions to tire Chinese troops of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, sped northward from the rail - head at Lashio to ward the border. A British army officer said he never had seen a larger assemblage of trucks—and he served in the World war.) . While the road was closed, the Japanese gained close-at-hand air (Continued on Page Three, Col. 4) WEATHER By l’. s. Weather Bureau FORECAST North Carolina. South Carolina and Georgia—Partly cloudy with slowly ris e's temperature Saturday and Sunday. (Meteorological data for the 24 hours eni>>ng 7:30 p. m. yesterday). . , Temperature if a- m. 51; :30 a. m. 53; 1:30 p. ' do; 7:3ft p. m. 58; maximum 87; (Mmum 48; mean 57; normal 65. . , Humidity if a- m. 92; 7:30 a. m. 54; 1:30 p. • p. m. 56. Precipitation 0f,,ct?’ 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. : total since first of the month 0-13 inches. (p.. ..tides For Today r.,iom Tide Tables published by U. S. st and Geodetic Survey). Wilmington_n%t }& J'as,|"boro inlet _n9fo7a sloeS Sim.' . 9:22p 3:36p J'Sfa- sunset 6:34p; moonrise “p' aoonset 9:08a. 0:R;'‘'r stage at Fayetteville, V. C., lj q5,” 15> feet; 8 a. m., October ’ feet; 8 a. m., Ocotber 17, 9.0 i^^ftl on Page Three, Col. 7) WILMINGTON AND NEW HANOVER COUNTY DRAFT BOARDS 111 tlie hands of the above men rests the fate of 4,469 yo mig men of Wilmington who registered for a possible year’s active training with the United States army Wednesday. Board No. X, left to right, William B. Campbell, appeals agent, H. Edmund Rogers, vice-chairman, H. G. Carney, chairman, and Fred Poisson, secretary, will have charge of the draft in the city. Dr. Herbert A. Codington, physician, was unable to be present. Pictured above are, left to right, Marsden Bellamy, ap peals agent, C. Heide Trash, secretary, J. T. Landen, vice-chairman, anil John N. Alexius, chairman, of the No. 2 draft board for New Hanover county. There are 1,704 persons registered for the draft outside the city limits and this board will have charge of ruling on whether these young men are to be called for military training. Not present is Dr. David R. Murchison physician to the board. f ' Greenwood Says Berlin Will Feel RAF Might LONDON, Oct. 18. — (m — "What has been done to London Triirifcr ■droWad to Berlin,” Ar thur Greenwood, minister with out portfolio in the British war cabinet, declared tonight to an audience of war workers at a southeast England factory. He said the Royal Air Force already had bombed western Germany and the Ruhr “far more heavily than any place m this country.” Arms workers, he asserted, must regard themselves as front line soldiers. WILLKIE ASSAILS MACHINE POLITICS Nominee Urges Listeners To ‘Tell Everybody’ He Is ‘Political Amateur’ ABOARD WILLKIE TRAIN, EN ROUTE TO SPRINGFIELD, 111., Oct. 18.—(tf)—Wendell L. Willkie, describing himself as “a political amateur” told an applauding aud ience today in Jefferson City, Mo.: “I do not know how to sit down in dark rooms with Frank Hague and the Kelly-Nashes of Chicago and plot and plan political smears, and the stealing of votes, and the defrauding of the public, and at (Continued on Page Three, Col. 1) EPISCOPAL BUDGET SENT TO BISHOPS Includes $300,000 For Aid To War-Stricken British Missions During Year KANSAS CITY, Oct. 18. — M Deputies of the protestant Episco pal church approved and sent to bishops today a $7,185,847 triennial budget which includes a $300,000 appropriation for aid to war-strick en British missions during the coming year. Quick concurrence by the bish ops was forecast, leaving only ac tion by the deputies on a liberal ized marriage and divorce canon in the way of adjournment, now expected late tomorrow. The con vention originaly had been sche*d uled to continue until Oct. 24. The British mission aid allot ment, first ever made by the the American church, was more than twice the amount recommended by its national council. The sug gested figure was $17,000, but the deputies added another $183,000, after hearing a special represen tative of the Archbishop of Can terbury tel them the mothei church looked upon the war as "a hell-sent opportunity for more ef fective Christian work in al na tions.” The representative, the Rt. Rev. Noel B. Hudson, added that the missions faced a one-third reduc (Continued on Page Three, Col. 4) Plans For Decade Ol N. C. Progress Made At Meet RALEIGH, Oct. 18.— UP>—Plans for a decade of “unprecedented progress” in North Carolina were drafted here today at a meeting called by Governor Hoey of 50 prominent residents of the state. The governor said the first step toward the proposed New era of agricultural and industrial expan sion would be the opening of a North Carolina office in Washing ton to look after the state’s inter ests in obtaining national defense contracts and industries. The governor said later that he would announce soon who would head the office. D. Hiden Ramsey of Asheville pointed out that the state already profited by such developments as the Andrews project of the Ameri can Aluminum company. He de scribed the development as “gi gantic,” and said it would repre sent “the largest expenditure by (Continued on Page Three, Col. 2) I * _ t Chairmen Of County And City Draft Boards Named CHIEF CLERKS CHOSEN Will Open Joint Offices In Room 124 Of Custom house Monday A. M. New Hanover county’s two draft boards, No. 1 and No. 2, organized yesterday, and named H. G. Car ney and John Alexius, respectively to be chairmen. Board No. 1, for Wilmington, named H. Edmund Rodgers, vice chairman and assistant secretary, and selected Fred Poisson to be secretary. Suggested By Rodgers The naming of the vice-chair man to be assistant secretary also was done at the suggestion of Rodgers, who pointed out any de lay by reason of absence of any one member of the three-man board might thus be obviated. Board No. 1 also decided to rec ommend the appointment of Glenn J. McClelland, local attorney, to be chief clerk, an appointment that will be made by the Selective Serv ice board at Raleigh. Dr. Herbert A. Codington is phy sician and William B. Campbell is appeals agent to board No. 1. Board No. 2, for rural New Han over county, in addition to nam ing Alexius as chairman, chose J. T. Landen to be vice-chairman anci assistant secretary and named C. Heide Trask secretary. It decided to recommend Mrs. P. H. Rasberry for appointment as chief clerk. Dr. David R. Murchison is phy (Continued on Page Three, Co. 6) F. D; R. TO ANSWER WILLKIE CHARGES Plans Series Of Speeches In East And Ohio Before Election Day WASHINGTON, Oct. 18.— UP) — ' Accusing his opposition of “systema- ’ tic” and “deliberate falsification of i fact,” President Roosevelt announced 1 today he would reply in a series of 1 political speeches to be delivered in '• the populous east, and in Ohio, be- < fore election day. As part of the travelling Involved, ■ he told a press conference, he plans to make a series of defense inspection : tours, similar to the several of the : recent past. But, he added in a ! voice heavy with sarcasm, for the ; benefit of people whose ethics dif- . fered from his own the defense tours 1 would be paid for by the democratic ' national committee because there would be some political speeches 1 during the trips. He did not, himself detail his itiner ary, but, supplementing an announce- : (Continued no Page Three, Col. 3) Senator Johnson Says Will Support Willkie WASHINGTON, Oct. 18.—(/P) —Senator Johnson (R-Calif) an nounced his support for Wendell L. Willkie tonight, asserting that while he disagreed with the re publican presidential nominee on some issues he was “eternally right upon the great and the all important one of a third term.” Addressing the nation by radio, the Californian, one-time sup porter of President Roosevelt, said that the third term question presented “in greater degree than a flaming war, with its cruel de struction of peaceful nations, a crisis purely American.” “We are asked,” he said, after a discussion of anti-third term precedents, “to gamble now with the most precious of human rights—liberty. We must not do it.” DRAFT BY CORPS AREAS ANNOUNCED Delaware, New Jersey And New York Expected To Furnish 148,294 Men WASHINGTON, Oct. 18— (IP) — National draft headquarters, an nouncing the number of men to be drafted for military service from each army corps area ^luring the next year, disclosed today that the Second corps areae, with headquar ters at New York, would provide the largest number—148,294 men. In addition to the second corps area, which comprises the states af Delaware, New Jersey and New York, the numbers to be called in the other eight corps areas are as Eollows: First, comprising Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hamp shire, Rhode Island and Vermont, !7,960; Third, District of Colum )ia, Maryland, Pennsylvania and lirginia, 87,816; Fourth, compris ng Alabama. Florida, Georgia, .lOuisiana, Mississippi, North Caro ina, South Carolina and Tennes ee, 100,515; Fifth, including In tiana, Kentucky, Ohio and West firginia, 91,192; Sixth, comprising llinois, Michigan and Wisconsin, .31,137; Seventh, ncluding Arkan ;as, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Mis souri, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota, 84,627; Eighth, com jrising Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas, 52, 174; Ninth, comprisipg, California, daho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Jtah, Washington, and Wyoming, >4,984; Hawaii, 1,400 and Puerto itico, 9,600. On the basis of official reports rom 17 states and the District of (Continued on Page Three, Col. 2) charge WPA Conspiring To Deliver Votes To F. R. Made Before Group a Washington, Oct. is. —w— „ c*larSe that WPA officials were ^°nsPiring” to “deliver” the re v,as !°te, for President Roosevelt Pairn • before the Senate cam lnvestigating committee to apnm, was followed by a WPA V/0Uir:'lCement that all its workers free t Cle remin<led that they were Th 0 Vote as they pleased, from tuCOnspiracy charge came ers phl'ee New York union lead 65fitin£tharurN', McKibben> rePre £ 'he Worker* Alliance; Wil liam Levner, president of the WPA Teachers union of New York City (AFL), and Daniel Koerner, of the United American Artists, union (CIO). McKibben testified that “demo cratic wardheelers, vast armies of investigators and spies, and large sections of the administrative ap paratus of WPA have been en listed to intimidate republicans, former Roosevelt supporters and voters for the various minority parties into supporting Roosevelt.” ft Koerner offered similar tes timony. and Levner declared that there had been “an unparalleled campaign of intimidation, espion age and persecution,” of WPA workers by a “special WPA police force known as “the .guard.” McKibben contended, too, that the American Security union, or ganization of WPA employes estab lished by David Lasser, former president of the Workers Alliance, was “an administration-supported (Continued no Page Three, Col. 3). T\ y-* FLOWERS BECOMES ACTING DUKE HEAD Will Serve Until Board Of Trustees Selects Suc cessor To Dr. Few DURHAM, Oct. 18. — (3>) — Dr. Robert L. Flowers, the senior vice president of Duke university, has be come its acting president following the death of Dr. William Preston Few, pursuant to the charter and by-laws of the institution. This was recognized today at a special meeting of the executive committee of the university as announced by Colonel John F. Bruton, of Wilson, its chair man. The election of a successor to Dr. Few as president is a matter for the board of trustees, the next meeting of which will take place in February, 1941. Dr. Flowers, for a number of years vice-president of the university in the business division and its secre tary-treasurer, and former profes sor of mathematics, has been iden tified with Trinity college and Duke university longer than any other member of the administration or fac ulty. Born at York College Institute ,N. C., November 6, 1870, Robert Lee Floivers boyhood home was but a short distance from the home of Brantley York who in 1838 had taught at Brown’s school house, in Randolph county, which became Un ion Institute, eventually Trinity col (Continued on Page Three, Col. 2) Gunfire Heard Several Miles Off Gibraltar hA LINEA, Spain, Oct. 18.— W) — Rumbling gunfire was heard several miles off Gibraltar at nightfall tonight, indicating a possible sea battle was in pro gress. The explosions were heard dis tinctly here and at nearby Al geciras. The transport Reina Del ra cifico sailed today from Gibral tar with 500 persons, mostly women and children being re moved under a new order by the civil governor for their immedi ate departure. GERMANS RESUME RAIDS ON BRITAIN Reich Claims Destroyers Chased British Cruiser Near Bristol Channel BERLIN, Oct. 19.—(Saturday; — ($!—Large-scale attacks on London and other industrial centers in Eng land were resumed during the night, informed German sources reported early today. Since early last night German bombing squadrons have been tak ing off for England “in uninter rupted succession,” these infor mants said, “to continue their work of destruction.” (Continued on Page Three, Col. 7) Clouds, GunsTakeSteam Out Of Attack On London LONDON, Oct. 19.—(^(Satur day)—Low-hanging clouds and 1 a roaring barrage of anti-aircraft, fire took the steam oyt of the 42nd consecutive Nazi night air raid on London early today and the all clear signal shrilled several hours before dawn. Last night, in the face of de fensive fire so heavy that it ap peared the guns were being loaded and fired on the recoil, the Ger. mans struck at the city singly, from different directions. The Germans spread out, too, all over the United Kingdom, caus ing casulaties in the London area and elsewhere. Among si dead in one London area were three RAF members. The weather steadily thickened, however, and lulls became longer and more frequent, until finally the “raiders passed” signal sound ed. One raider was brought down (Continued on Page Three, Col. 4) British Announce RAF Blasted Nazi Invasion Army Out Of Ships Sept. 16 LONDON, Oct. 18—W!—The Brit ish announced today that their Royal Air Force had blown a Ger man invasion army out of their ships more than a month ago, and disclosed officially that German warships now have been engaged in the eastern Atlantic by the Brit ish fleet and air force. Only the most meager details of the story of an abortive attempt to land a sea-borne army on these shores last September 16 were giv en out by authoritative sources, but they were borne out by the air ministry’s own news service and by pif cemeal communiques and reports which have passed the censorship on that date and since. The kernel of the story is that the British bombers, aided by a providential gale like that which scattered the Spanish Armada, at tacked German troopships on the French “invasion coast” just after they had been jammed from beam to beam with German troops, “and made their departure impossible by the ferocity of • their attack.” To this, the air ministry news T. / service contributed a report that the German troops, or those which survived, then were removed from the ships and the invasion plans cancelled. The Atlantic engagement be tween the British home fleet and a squadron of four German de stroyers occurred yesterday, the admiralty announced. “The enemy retired precipitate ly,” a communique said, after a British cruiser opened up its guns , (Continued on Page Three, Col. S J \ /.