OCR Interpretation


The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, October 24, 1940, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn78002169/1940-10-24/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 2

Text Of President Roosevelt’s
Address In Philadelphia Hall
I
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., Oct. 23
W—Following is the prepared tex
of President Roosevelt’s addres;
tonight in convention halL
Last July I stated the plain ob
vious fact to the national conven
tion of tny party. That the pres
sure of national defense work an(
the conduct of foreign affairs woul<
not allow me to conduct any cam
paign in the accepted definition o
that term.
Since July, hardly a day or nigh
has passed when some crisis, oi
some possibility of crisis in worlc
affairs, has not called for my per
sonal conference with the secre
tary of state or other officials o:
the government.
With every passing day has com*
some urgent problem in connectior
with our swift production for de
fense, and our mustering of the re
sources of the nation.
Therefore, it is essential to ad
here to the rule never to be more
than twelve hours distant from
Washington. “
But last July I also said this tc
the Chicago convention: “I shall
never be loath to call the atten
tion of the nation to deliberate or
unwitting falsifications of fact,
which are sometimes made by poli
tical candidates”.
The time has come for me to dc
just that.
This night and four other nights,
I am taking time to point out. tc
the American people what t h e
more fantastic misstatements of,
this campaign have been. I em
phasize the words “more fantas
tic,” because it would take three
hundred and sixty five nights to
discuss all of them.
All of these misstatements can
not possibly be what I called last
July, "unwitting falsifications” of
fact.
The young people who are at
tending dinners in every state of
the union tonight know that they
are already a part of the whole
economic and social life of the
nation. I am particularly glad to
discuss with them and with you
these misstatements, and the facts
which refute them
Truth Essential
Truthful campaign discussion of
public issues is essential to the
American form of government;
but wilful misrepresentation of fact
has no place during election time
or at any other time. For example
there can be no objection to any
party or any candidate urging that
the undeveloped water power oi
this nation should be harnessed by
private utility companies rather
than by the government itself; or
that the Social Security law should
be repealed, or that the truth-in
securities act should be abro
gated.
But it is entirely a differen!
thing for any party or any candi
date to state, for example that
he President of the United States
elephoned to Mussolini and Hitler
x> sell Czechoslovakia down the
river; or that the unfortunate un
employed of the nation are going
to be driven into concentration
camps; or that the social security
funds of the nation will not be in
existence when the workers of to
day become old enough to apply
for them; or that the election of
the present government means the
end of American democracy within
four years. They know, that all
of these statements are false.
Certain techniques of propagan
da, created and developed in dicta
tor countries have been imported
Into this campaign. It is the very
simple technique of repeating and
repeating falsehoods, with the idea
that by constant repetition and
with no contradiction, the misstate
r i ■ ■ 11 ■ ■ »
- ments will finally come to be be
t lieved.
Have Had Success
1 Dictators have had great suc
cess In using this technique; Dut
• only because they were able to
. control the press and radio, and
to stifle all opposition. That is
| why I cannot bring myself to be
lieve that in a democracy like
ours, where the radio and a part
; of the press remain open to both
sides, repetition of deliberate mis
statements will ever prevail.
I make the charge now that
these falsifications are being
spread for the purpose of filling
the minds and hearts of the Ameri
can people with fear. They are
used to create fear by instilling
in the minds of the people doubt
of each other, doubt of their gov
ernment, and doubt of the purposes
of their democracy.
This type of campaign has a
familiar ring. It reminds us of the
scarecrow of 1936, that the social
security funds were going to be
diverted from the pockets of the
American working man.
It reminds us of the scarecrow
of 1932 that “grass will grow in
the streets of a hundred cities; a
thousand towns; the weeds will
over run the fields of millions of
farms.”
The American people will not be
stampered into panic. The effort
failed before. It will fail again.
They will not be scared by this
blitzkrieg of verbal incendiary
bombs. They are now calmly
aware that once more, "the only
thing we have to fear is fear it
self.”
jruDiic uuiy
I consider it a public duty to
answer falsifications with facts. I
will not pretend that I find this an
unpleasant duty. I am an old cam
paigner, and I love a good fight.
The presidency is not a prize to
be won by mere glittering pro
mises. It is not a commodity to be
sold by high pressure salesman
ship and national advertising. The
presidency is a most sacred trut.
It ought not to be dealt with on
any level other than an appeal to
reason and to humanity.
The worst bombshell of fear
which republican leaders have let
loose on this people is the ac
cusation that this government,
withoug knowledge of the congress
or of the people, has secretly en
tered into agreements with foreign
nations. They even intimate that
such commitments have endan
gered the securty of the United
States, or have pledged the parti
cipation of the United States in
some foreign war. 3
It seems almost unnecessary to
deny such a charge. But so long as
the fantastic misstatement has been
made, I must brand it for what it is.
No Treaty
I give you this most solemn as
surance: There is no secret treaty,
no secret obligation, no secret com
mitment, no secret understanding in
any shape or form, direct or in
direct, with any other government
or any other nation in any part of
the world, to involve this nation in
any war or for any other purpose.
The desperation of partisans who
can invent such treaties drives them
to try to deceive our people in other
ways. Consider, for example, the
false charge they make that our
whole industrial system is prostrate
—that business is stifled and can
make no profits.
The American people have not for
gotten the condition of the United
States in 1932. We ail remember
the failures of banks, the bread lines
of starving men and women, the
youth of the country riding around
in freight cars, the farm foreclosures,
the home foreclosures, the bank
ruptcy and the panic.
At the very hour of complete col
lapse, the American people called for
new leadership. That leadership,
this administration and a democratic
congress supplied.
Ended Distress
Government, no longer callous to
suffering, moved swiftly to end dis
tress, to halt depression, to secure
more social and economic justice for
all.
'I'U n ___, I
bear the responsibility for the in
action of those days, are the ones
who now dare falsely to state that
we are all still in the depth of the
depression into which they plunged
us; that we have prevented the
country from recovering, and that it
is headed for the chaos of bank
ruptcy. They have even gone to the
extent of stating that this adminis
tration has not made one man a job.
I say that those statements are
false. 1 say that the figures of em
ployment, of production, of earnings,
of general business activity — all
prove that they are false.
The tears for the laboring man
and woman now being shed in this
campaign come from those republi
can leaders who had their chance to
prove their love for labor in 1932—
and missed it.
Back in 1932, these leaders were
willing to let the workers starve if
they could not get a job. ~
Back in 1932, they were not willing
to guarantee collective bargaining.
Back in 1932, they met the de
mands of unemployed veterans with
fire and troops.
Back in 1932, they raised their
hands in horror at the thought of
fixing a minimum wage or maximum
working hours for labor; they never
gave one thought to such things as
pensions for old age or insurance
for the unemployed.
In 1940, eight ygars later, what a
different tune is played by them!
It is a tune played against a sound
ing board of eledtion day. It is a
tune with overtones which whisper:
"Votes, votes, votes.”
For New Measures
These same republican leaders are
for ,all the new progressive measure*
it
now, they believe in them. They be
lieve in them so much, that they will
never be happy until they can clasp
them to their own chests and put
their own brand upon them. If
they could only get control of them,
they plead, they would take so much
better care of them, honest-to-good
ness they would.
This tune is, of course, only a re
hash of the tune of 1936. In that
election year the affection of these
republican leaders for the laboring
man also rose to a high pitch- But
after election day, they and their
friends did all they could in the con
gress, before administrative bodies,
and in the courts, and in the press,
to beat these measures down into tlfe
ground.
What are the plain facts about
employment today?
There are nine million more men
and women employed in private in
dustry now, than were employed in
March of 1933,
In the month of ' August of this
year over four' hundred thousand
were added to private payrolls. In
September, another five hundred
thousand workers went to work in
our industries.
Answer To Statement
The millions that have gone to
work| and the other hundreds of
thousands now going back to work
each month in private industry, are
the unequivocal answer to the brazen
statement made by the republicans
in this campaign, that this adminis
tration has not added one private
job since 1933. This statement of
theirs can only be branded as a de
liberate misstatement of fact. And
I now so brand it.
Let us call the roll of some of the
specific improvements in the lot of
the working men and women that
have come about during the past
eight years
More than forty two million em
ployes are now members of the old
age pension system. An additional
two million men and women, over
sixty five years of age, now are re
ceiving cash grants each month.
Twenty nine million employes have
been brought under the protection of
unemployment insurance.
Collective bargaining has been
guaranteed.
lished.
A maximum work week of forty
hours has been fixed, with provisions
for time and a half for overtime.
Child labor has been outlawed.
Th|* average hourly earnings of
factory workers were fifty six cents
in the boom year of 1929. In Feb
ruary, 1933, they had dropped to
forty five cents. They are now sixty
seven cents—not only higher than in
1933, but, mark you, nearly eleven
cents per hour bigger than in 1929
itself.
Factory Payrolls
Factory pay envelopes had fallen
to five billion dollars per year by
1932. In 1940, the factory payrolls
are running at the rate of ten bil
lion dollars.
And we must not forget that the
cost of living is today twenty two
per cent lower than it was in 1929.
That means something to the Ameri
can family.
An equally unpardonable falsifica
tion about our economy is made
when the republican leaders talk
about American business — how it
cannot make a profit, how little con
fidence it has in this administration,
and how this administration hates
business.
We know, if we but look at the
record, that American business, big
and small business, is way up above
the level of 1932, and on a much
sounder'footing than it was even in
the twenties.
Do von need fi Slurps tn nrm/o i+9
Our national income has nearly
doubled since 1933, from thirty-nine
billions up to the rate of seventy
four billions in 1940. If you consider
the lower cost of living today, the
national income is even higher now,
than in the great boom year of 1939.
Bank Failures
In the ten years before the crash
of 1929, the years of the so called
prosperity boom, bank failures aver
aged over six hundre4 a year. The
number of bank failures last year
was only forty-two. Ten of these
were under federal deposit insurance
set up, by this administration, and
in these ten banks, ninety-nine per
cent of the depositors did not lose a
dollar.
During, this administration the
total number of bank failures for
the entire seven years was less than
the number of bank failures in arty
single one;; of —the preceding ten
years. - ■■ -
'And yet there are some banks
now using money to advertise, or to
send letters to their depositors, hint
ing that unless this administration
is defeated, the deposits of their
banks will be in danger. This is
sheer intimidation to blackjack the
election, and to return the financial
control of the government to the
very forces which had nearly wreck
ed the nation.
Now as to corporation profits.
They were a minus quantity in 32.
Corporations as a whole showed
losses o£ almost four billion dollars
that year. By now, eight years later,
that deficit has been wiped out, ar-.d
corporations are reporting profits of
four billion dollars a year.
And yet they say this administra
tion prevents profits and stifles busi
ness.
Saac Business
If it is true that the New Deal
is the enemy of business, and that
the republican leaders, who brought
.business to the brink of ruin in
1932, are the friends of business —
then I can only say that American
business should continue to be saved
from its friends.
The output of our factories and
mines is now almost thirteen per
cent greater than at the peak of
1929—1929, mind you, not 1932. It
is at the highest level ever re
corded.
We have passed the time when
the prosperity of the nation is mea
sured in terms of the stock ticker.
We know that the well being of a
people is measured by the manner
in which they live, by the security
which they feel in the future.
For the American people as a
whole—the great body of ifs citi
zens—the standard of living has in
creased well above that of 1929.
We do not advertise “a chicken in
every pot” or ‘‘two cars in every
garage.” We know it is more im
portant that the American people
this year are building more homes,
are buying more pairs of shoes, more
washing machines, more electric
refrigerators, more electric current,
more textile products, than in the
boom year of 1929.
This year there will be placed on
the tables of America far more but
ter, more cheese, more meat, more
canned goods—more food than in the
luxurious year of 1929.
Last Sunday morning I had to
laugh when I read the following in
the financial section of the New
York Times—a paper which is re
puted not to love me too much. This
is what an editor of the financial
page of the New York Times said;
I quote, "The federal reserve board
in the week added another point
to its index of production for Sep
tember, and the figures now stands
at one hundred and twenty-*ive. or
thirteen and a half percent above
the 1929 average”—mind you, not
the 1932 average but the 1929 aver
age. I quote further; “breams of
business ‘flat on its back’ must come
from smoking campaign cigars or
else the speakers are talking about
some other country.’’
Wouldn't it be nice if the editorial
writers of the Times could get
acquainted with their own business
experts?
Every single man, woman and
child has a vital interest in this re
covery. Eut if it can be said to
affect any single group more than
any other, that group would be the
young men and women of America.
It may be hard for some of you
younger people to remember the
dismal kind of world which the
youth of America faced in 1932.
The tragedy of those days has
passed. There is today in the youth
of the nation a new spirit, a new
energy, a new conviction that a
sounder and more stable economy is
being built for them.
In 1940 this generation of Amer
ican youth can truly feel that they
have a real stake in their country.
Through the Civilian Conserva
tion corps and the National Yopth
administration, millions of youth
have benefited by training, and by
education, ana by jobs.
We propose in the interests of
justice and in the interests of na
tional defense, to broaden the work
and extend the benefits of both these
agencies. For they are a part of
the lines of defense behind the first
lines—training men and women for
essential defense industries and for
other industries; educating them to
self-reliapee — to moral resistance
against that way of life which ig
nores the individual.
The one thing which must be ex
tended if we would help the young
men and women of the nation, is to
give them an opportunity to work.
We have recognized that to the
right to vote, to learn, to speak,
to worship, we. your government,
add the right to work.
Definite Goal
We have that definite goal toward
which we are aiming.' We believe
that if boys or girls on reaching em
ployment age have been unable to
get a job in private industry, the
government owes them the duty of
furnishing them with the necessary
training to equip them for employ
ment. We are determined during
the next four years to make our ob
jective—work for every young man
and woman in America — a living
fact.
Tonight there is one more false
charge — one outrageously false
charge—made to strike terror into
the hearts of our citizens. It is a
charge that offends every political
and religious conviction that I hold
dear, It is the charge that this
administration wishes to lead this
country into war
This charge is contrary to every
fact, every purpose of the past eight
years. Throughout these years my
every act and every thought has
bfeen directed to the end of preserv
ing the peace of the world, and more
particularly, the peace of the United
States — the peace of the w’estern
hemisphere.
As I saw the war coming, I used
AD VEKTISEMENT
NERVES TENSE, JITTERY ?
Next time your head aches and your
nerves are jittery, get quick relief with
Capudine. Acts so fast and smooth be
cause it’s liquid. Follow directions on
label. All druggists, 10c, 30c, 60c bottles.
A DVERT1SEMENT
Pull the Trigger on
Lazy Bowels
with herb laxative,combined with syrup pepsin
to make it agreeable and easy to take
When constipation brings on acid in
digestion, bloating, dizzy spells, gas,
coated tongue, sour taste and bad
breath, your stomach is probably “cry
ing the blues’’ because your bowels don’t
move. It calls for Laxative Senna to pull
the trigger on those lazy bowels, com
bined with good old Syrup Pepsin to
make your laxative more agreeable and
easier to take. For years many Doctors
have used pepsin compounds, as agree
able carriers to make other medicines
more palatable when your “taster” feels
easily upset. So be sure your laxative
contains Syrup Pepsin. Insist on Dr.
Caldwell’s Laxative Senna, combined
with Syrup Pepsin. See how wonderfully
its herb Laxative Senna wakes up lazy
nerves and muscles in your intestines, to
bring welcome relief from constipation.
And see how its Syrup Pepsin makes Dr.
Caldwell’s medicine so smooth and agree
able to a touchy gullet. Even finicky
children love the taste of this pleasant
family laxative. Buy Dr. Caldwell’s Lax
ative Senna at your druggist’s today.
Try one laxative that won’t bring on
violent distaste, even when you take it
after a full meal.
every ounce of the prestige of the
office of President of the United
States to prevent its onset.
Called On Nation
When the war came, X used every
ounce of the prestige of the office
to prevent its spread to other na
tions. When that effort failed, I
called upon the congress, and I called
upon the nation, to build the strong
defenses that would be our best
guarantee of peace and security in
this hemisphere.
To republicans and democrats, to
?
every man, woman and child in the
nation I say — your President and
your great secretary of state are
following the road to peace.
We are arming ourselves not for
any foreign war. ,
We are armirig ourselves not
for any purposes of conquest or in
tervention in foreign disputes. I re
peat again that I stand on the plat
form of our party: “We will not par
ticipate in foreign wars and we will
not send our army, naval or air
forces to fight in foreign lands out
side of the- Americas except in
of attack.” cas*
It is for peace I have labore i
it is for peace I shall labor mi Tl
days of my life. ttl*
STUFFINESS,:^
AJ) V JfiJNT
WAKE UP YOUR
LIVER BILE
Without Calomel—And You’ll Jump Out of
Bed in the Morning Ruin’ to Go
The liver should pour 2 pint* of hile juico
*nto your bowels every day. If this bile ia
not flowing freely, your food may not di
gest It may just decay in the bowels. Then
gas bloats up your stomach. You get con
stipated. You feel sour, sunk and the world
looks punk.
It takes those good, old Carter’s little
liver Pills to get these 2 pints of bile flow
ing freely to make you feel “up and up.*
wt a package today. Take as directed
Amazing in making bile flow freely. a«i>
CsUk'i Ut«Jo Live? fill*. 10# aad 2S#J
: BOTTLED
IN BOND
'
JK
Thirst knows no season. That’s true
of the need for refreshment, too. Ice-cold Wfjfflw/mm
Coca-Cola is the answer to thirst the
year around . . . and it always brings a
happy after-sense of complete refreshment
that everybody welcomes.
THE PAUSE THAT R E F R E S
BOTTLED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE COCA-COLA CO. BY
WILMINGTON COCA-C OLA BOTTLING COMPANY
All-Amerlcon Star SID LUCKMAN
presents a helmet full of Chesterfields
to the All-American College Girl
MARY LOU BULLARD.
YOUR GOAL FOR MORE
SMOKING PLEASURE IS
4 ;v* . *
The modern Chesterfield packaging machines B(
are always of great interest to the many visitors HI
to the Chesterfield factory. These mochines Hi
turn out thousands of packages of Chester
fields every hour to add to the pleasure of
millions of smokers all over the country. (As
seen in the new film "TOBACCOLAND, U. S. A.")
Copyright 19W, Lkmti 4 Io„cco
MILDER
COOLER, BETTER TASTC
1
There are three touchdowns in
every pack of Chesterfields for smokers k
like yourself. The first is a COOLER
smoke . . . the second score for Chest
erfield is BETTER TASTE ... and the
third and winning score for any smoker
is Chesterfield’s REAL MILDNESS.
The reason Chesterfields satisfy is in their
right combination of the finest tobaccos grown
...the perfect blend that you ’ll find in no other
cigarette. They really Satisfy.
MAKE YOUR NEXT PACK CHESTERFIELD
Tfetc catft a 'Bettfo CujcmttB

xml | txt