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WILMINGTON ASSOCIATED PRESS And Southeastern North With Complete Coverage of ^ar0 ina State and National News VOL. 74—NO. 62__ FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867 BRITAIN MAY LAUNCH MAJOR DRIVE IN NEAR EAST X- + 'ir -4r ± ± -4r XXX X- x x _a_ _a_ v -- Many Troops, Guns, Planes Sent To Egypt War Secretary Eden Re> turns From Inspection Of Mediterranean Forces SAYS ‘FUTURE IS SAFE* Morale Of Italian Native Troops On Ethiopian Front ‘Deteriorating’ LONDON, Nov. 11,— (JP) —Strong indications that Britain might launch her first major land offensive of the war against the axis in the Near East with troops who “know the desert game’’ appeared tonight simulta neously with announcement of the return of War Secretary Anthony Eden from an inspection of British Mediterranean forces. A high British source declared the empire would strike at the axia forces in the Near East at the ear liest possible moment. This source added that every man, gun, tank and plane that can be spared from defense of the United Kingdom was being rushed to Egypt and other Near Eastern sectors. “Future Is Safe’’ It was announced that Eden, just before leaving for London, broadcast a statement to British and Allied forces in the Near East that the “future is safe” in the hands of the steadily growing armies in that sector. He assured soldiers from Libya to Palestine that ‘‘when the hour comes, we shall strike home to victory.” Eden said that British troops have the quality “that commands suc cess.” The high London source who in dicated an offensive was in the off ing said that the morale of Italian native troops was “deteriorating,” especially on the Ethiopian front. Italians Lack Training Italian equipment and organization were “good,” he said, but Marshal Rodolfo Graziani’s army lacks “tac tical training” to oppose the seasoned British troops. Egypt must be held “at all costs ” this source said, because of its vital •strategical position. He estimated Italian strength in Libya, ready to be turned toward Egypt and the Suez Canal, at 250,OOd troops, plus a group of German technicians and tactical experts. This same source said Britain would do her utmost to help Greece but pointed out that "our ability to defeat Italy depends on holding on in Egypt at all costs.” British planes put off from tho Ark Royal, the admiralty disclosed, after “shadowing enemy aircraft” had tried unsuccessfully to bomb the carrier. British fighters, it said, de stroyed two planes and probably (Continue?! on Page Ten; Col. 1) BRITISH DESTROY 26 AXIS PLANES Channel Gale Halts Night Assaults And London’s Ground Guns Silent LONDON. Nov. 11— <A>> —The Italian air force, joining the Ger mans in roaring Armistipe Day raids on these islands with whom Italy shared victory in 1918, lost 13 of 26 Axis planes blated out of the air during the day, the air min isty announced tonight. An “utter rout” was the way the British proudly summed up the repulse of the Italian attacks, aimed chiefly at British channel shipping while other Axis squad rons of up to 150 planes ranged for inland throughout the day and kept at it into the night. A channel gale halted the night assaults early, however, and Lon don’s anti-aircraft batteries went quiet after five daylight alarms. The bag of Mussolini’s planes— eight bombers and five fighters— the first recorded in the air siege of Britain, was accomplished by the RAF without the loss of a single plane, the air ministry an nounced, and only two British craft were listed as lost to the Germans. To make the RAF’s achieve ment more notable, the air min istry said the Italians were rout ed by only two squadrons, one o f which was credit ed with knocking down seven of the Fascist craft and the remain ing six by the other Greece Cla; Italians Beaten ‘In All Sectors’ Athens Radio Says Fascist Army fleeing Little Country Rebounds Confidently From First Shock Of Invasion RAINY MONTHS AHEAD Cavalry Plays Large Role In Cutting Up Units Of Italians On Front Bi max harrelson ATHENS. Nov. 11.—UP—Greece’s j fenders have beaten v< ders and they "are disorder toward Al ■ the Greek radio declared -v.-v suuerior forces, it said. ve lost the battle - ml sectors." - , • ■ r start of the third: has Greece rebound- i m the initial ■ ■; feel that now not j ociy have Greek aeienses proved themselves under fire but also that ir. the four rainy months ahead Italyh mechanized forces can only mire in the mud of Greek moun tair. roads. Italy’s highly trained Centaur di vision, made up of Alpinists who had spent a year in Albania pre paring to become the shock troops of a Fascist blitzkrieg, has been wiped out. the high command said. The Alpinists made up the Ita lians’ left wing, in the Findus mountains. Wanv units were anni hilated. the high command said, and, although the full extent of the reported Greek victory in that sector still has not been reported, a large proportion of the rest were said to have been captured. In the center, along the Kala mas river, the Italians were said la be digging in to hold what ground they have gained. Fight ing was reported limited to pa trol skirmishes. Although the radio said the in vaders dropped their weapons and fied before Greek mountain fight (Coiitinued on Page Ten; Col. 5) ITALY IS SILENT ON GREEK DRIVE Rome Reports Fascist War planes Bombed Two Brit ish Naval Squadrons ROME. Nov. 11.— GD —Premier Mussolini's high command, silent on developments in the Italian invasion uf Greece, reported today that Fasc warplanes bombed two British l!3Vi*l squadrons in the Mediterran ean and attacked other British de ‘nses in the Near East. Authoritative quarters said Italy >d destroyed at least 515 “enemy” Planes since her entrance into the !',ar last June, with a loss of only ” planes. ]}'" British cruisers reportedly suffered bomb hits in a raid off the ueeian island of Crete, while in an p .;r action, a communique said, ■wish warships were “overtaken by °f our aerial squadrons” in the :.ntral Mediterranean, and “inten J bombed despite violent anti aircraft reaction." WEATHER North r. ,forECAST prec-Pfipfi i?ro ma: Fair and much colder 'lav w i v S,1°wers on the coast Tues eanesday fair and colder. F' S> "eather Bureau) ^ndin^ -PqV?8 1 C!aj (lata for the 24 hours b 4 p. m. yesterday). 1:20 a Temperature in. 74. '-,ai- 7:30 a. m. 06; 1:30 p. minimi, J p' ln- maximum 75; m oh; mean 66: normal 57. 1*30 . Humidity a. 5;— .5; 94; 7:30 a. m. 79; 1:30 p. ’ 1 -39 p. m. 74 T0tai , Precipitation »(.ne- ttni .hours ending 7:30 p. m., 0*1 inches SmCe f'rEt 0f the month’ Tides For Today timing-ton High Low *ton - 7:43a 2:27a tsonlmro t„i t 8:04P 3;00p ro Illlet - 5:41a 11:57a .Sunrise 6;00P -P hse 4-nfiti ' 1"a* sunset 5:10p; moon • I1 • moonset 4:21a. I( ""tinned oil Page Ten; l^ol. 3) -:- a* Leading Grt ^ ' Against II. _tns ^M8»®®»»WC«WxV»X£»XvX.>» Directing the Greeks' victory met' the Italian invaders, against over whelming odds, is General Alexander Papagos, above who was recently made commander-in-chief of the Greek army. Hi- first order of the day: "We will fight to the last breath. GERMANS ATTACK BRITISH CONVOY Berlin Claims Five Vessels, Aggregating 37,000 Tons, Destroyed BERLIN, Nov. 11—f£)—German live-bombers attacked a heavily guarded British convoy off Eng land’s east coast today, sank five vessels aggregating 37,000 tons and probably three others, inform ad German sources reported to light. In another attack, these sources said, a 3,000-ton merchantman was sunk about 300 miles west of Ire land. The high command previously reported that a fighter plane, part 3f the aerial units ordered to en force a tight blockade on the Brit ish Isles, sank a merchant ship 3f 8,000 tons east of Middles oorough. The latest attack took place off Harwich. German sources listed these victims: One ship of 10,000 tons, two of 3,000, one of 6,000 and one of 5, 300. Tonnage of the damaged ships was not given. The convoy guards put up a leavy defense fire during the sur prise raid, it was said. Loss Of Cards Force Second Draft Lottery CHICAGO, Nov. 11.—<a>)—There’s ^oing to be a “junior lottery * soon lor 212. men in suburban Palatine whose draft registration cards were ost. County Clerk Michael J. Flynn dis closed today that the cards apparent y were accidentally mixed with spoil ed cards destroyed by his staff. Many Killed In Midwest, Dixie Storms Cold Wave Whisks Across Western Prairies On Wings Of Snow ELEVEN PERSONS DIE Twenty - Five Chicagoans Injured By Glass And Debris During Gale (By Tile Associated Press) Terrific winds spread death and destruction in broad sections oi the midwest and south yesterday while a cold wave whisked a:ross the western prairies on the wings ! of a snow storm. A least 11 persons died and about 70 were injured when gusts | which scaled up to 65 miles an ! hour levelled several homes and ' small buildings, unroofed houses, | uprooted trees, flattened poles and shattered windows. Snow drifted on highways in Minnesota, the Dakotas, Iowa a;>l Nebraska. Traffic was stalled in several sectors. Breaks in commu nication lines isolated many com munities. Temperatures dropped as much as 30 degrees in three hours as the mass of icy air moved eastward and dipped below zero at some points in Nebraska, the Dakotas. Wyoming. Colorado, and Montana. Great Lakes Area Hit The November storms—termed unusual but not without precedent by forecasters—wrought greatest havoc in states in the Great Lakes area. L. L. Moore, 40; his daughter, Alma, 10, and his one montu old son burned to death after their home was wrecked by the wind at Canon, 111. In Chicago, Mrs. Ame lia Kerr, 60, was crushed under a falling tree and Paul Hegstrom, (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 3) NAZI MOVE TO AID IL PUCE EXPECTED Turks Indicate They Be lieve Germany Will Enter Action In The Balkans ISTANBUL, Turkey, Nov. 11.— UP)—The Turkish official radio and press indicated tonight that they believed a German military move in the Balkans to aid Italy was imminent and that this might be the essential reason for the Berlin visit of Russian Premier-Foreign Commissar Vyacheslaff Molotoff. The official Turkish rad'o said Yugoslavia’s position was '“very important, and it is probable that this is one of the questions to be (Continued on Page Two; Col. 8) Plans For Armory Here Are Submitted To Metts Plans and specifications for an armory-auditorium here, as approved recently by the city and county gov ernments, have been submitted to Adjutant General J. Van B. Metts for approval before further steps in securing WPA aid in the project are undertaken, James E. L. Wade, city commissioner of public works, said last night. Commissioner Wade said that when the plans are returned by Gen eral Metts that he and Addison Hew lett, chairman of the county board of commissioners, will go to Raleigh for a conference with C. C. McGin nis, state administrator of the WPA, relative to the project. Providing there is no hitch in present plans, and Wade said that none is anticipated, a bond issue election to provide the city and coun (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) r, Navy Guards i Against Spies 'in guard against possible sabotage to lHole Sam’s rapidly expanding Navy, Navy department recently be gan photographing all its employees. In Washington, employee Kathleen Peering faces the official camera. Her smiling face should brighten the official picture file. RED CROSS OPENS ROLL CALL TODAY Gerdes Asks Wilmington ians To Be Liberal With Donations To Agency ..Tauf. annual mil call of the Wil mington chapter of the American Red Cross opens this morning. The public is asked to learn the facts about the activities of the lo cal chapter and when the solicitor calls be ready to give the support which this humanitarian organiza tion needs. Needs for carrying on the local chapter work this year have been set at the minimum figure of $5,000. Each membership of $1 or more re mits to the national Red Cross 50 cents. The entire balance remains here at home for the work of the local chapter. J. Henry Gerdes is chairman df the roll call this year. Mrs. Ida B. Speiden is secretary of the local chapter. All workers have been in structed and this morning will be gin their solicitations, which will con tinue through Saturday. Gerdes asked citizens to be liber al as possible with their contribu tions as needs are now greater than ever before, due to world conditions and situations at home because of the great number of young men in army camps. 11 PERSONS KILLED BY POISONED FOOD 52 Others 111 As Result Of Eating Deadly Roach Powder In Pancakes PITTSBURGH, Nov. 11.—UP) — A poison, believed to have been a deadly roach powder baked into pancakes, killed 11 men tdday and sickened 52 others who had eaten at a social service center for tran sients and itinerant workers. Dr. Robert Kooser, house resi dent physician at St. Francis hos pital where many of the victims were taken, said all who had eat en the pancakes weVe mad* ill and that the condition of ‘‘a good many” was serious. Detective Inspector Walter Mon aghan declared police seeking a former cook at the center had lo cated the man in Philadelphia and (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) Fires Rage In Heart Of Bucharest As New Earth Shocks Spread Terror BUCHAREST, Rumania, Nov. 11 _(jPI—Huge fires burning out the leart of Bucharest and new earth shocks spread fresh terror in earthquake - devastated Rumania tonight and made vastly more dan gerous the national task of suc coring thousands of injured and lomeless. German and Rumanian soldiers, iron guardists, police and volun tary workers combined forces to dig wherever possible in the flam ing ruins for victims, living and dead. From 1,000 to 2,000 persons were killed when the heaviest shocks in the recorded history of Rumania shook his Nazi-dominated country early Sunday. There was no way of counting the injured and homeless and the new shocks only added to the work of rehabilitations and the toll of the dead and injured. No Americans were reported killed or injured, but tne Ameri can legation staff ignored the Ar mistice Day holiday to make a definite check. What effect the disaster would have upon the military future of Southeastern Europe could not be foretold tonight. Rumania’s rich oil fields lay like a vast tinder box awaiting a match and the German soldiers - (Continued on Page Six; Col. 5) Red Premier To Arrive In Berlin Today i ‘ Molotoff Reaches German Soil En Route To Con ference With Hitler GREETED BY STENGER Press Says Britain Hopes To Disturb German Russian Relations BERLIN. Nov. 11.—I/P)—S oviet Russia's Premier-Foreign Commis sar Vyacheslaff Molotoff arrived in German territory tonight en route to Berlin for conferences, with Adolf Hitler and German leaders. It was the first time he had ever left Russian territory. The first German point reached by his special train was Malkinia, a border town in what last year was Poland. He is due in Berlin tomorrow morning. Acting as Hitler's personal rep resentative. SS leader Herbert Stenger met Molotoff at the bor der. Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, with whom Moloto'ff, also will confer during his German stay, will meet the Russian at the Berlin railway station tomorrow. Shortly afterwards, Molotoff and German officials will open confer ences for the purpose of discuss ing and agreeing on policies of worldwide scope, informed sources said today, with the Rome - Berlin Tokyo Axis and British-guaranteed Turkey high on the agenda. Most of the German press reit erated, however, the statement that Molotoff is coming to pay back the flying trip made by von Rib bentrop when the German foreign minister went to Moscow Aug. 23, 1939, for the signing of the Ger man-Russian non-aggression pact. It also recalled article five of the Rome-Berlin-Tokyo agreement of last Sept. 27 that “Germany, (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) MARSHALL OPENS LOCAL SERVICES Preaches On ‘The Touch Of Faith’ At First Pres byterian Church “Why not give God a chance?” Dr. Peter Marshall, pastor of the New York Avenue Presbyterian church, of Washington, D. C., asked a capacity congregation last night at the First Presbyterian church. Taking his text from the fifth chapter of the gospel of St. Mark, Dr. Marshall preached on the sub ject, “The Touch of Faith,” in opening a five-day series of serv ices wit hthe Presbyterian church es of Wilmington. Dr. Marshall will preach twice daily, at 3:15 o’clock in the after noon at the Presbyterian church of the Covenant and 8 o’clock in the evening at the First Presby terian church, through Friday of this week. Last night’s service was a spe cial one for employes of the At lantic Coast Line railroad and (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) War Interpretive BY KIRKE L. SIMPSON Thousands of young men of this generation have joined the world war dead sleeping in Flanders’ fields, where the guns rumbled in to silence just twenty-two years ago yesterday. Amid the carnage of a new and more terrible war, memories of the hopes of perpetual peace which thrilled all mankind that first Armistice day came back as mocking echoes. Yet for Britain there are glimpses of silver lining among the war clouds. Further From Victory Unquestionably, the German-Ita- ' lian allies, having loosed their war juggernauts against Britain East ■ and West, are further from com- 1 (Continued on Page Six; Col. 5) ] A Enrolled In The Red Cross America’s annual Red Cross Roll Call begins, as a strife-torn world makes more and more demands on the service of mercy. In Washington. President Roosevelt is enrolled by Red Cross Chairman Norman Davis, liiclmcd pinning the organization's emblem on the President’s lapel. F. R. Defends World War; Gregg Cherry Talks Here SPEAKS AT TOMB Says War Not Fought In Vain And Saved Democ racy For Generation Text of President Roosevelt’s address at the tomb of the Un known Soldier is on Page 10. WASHINGTON, Nov. 11. — <JP) — Standing near the tomb of the Un known Soldier, President Roosevelt today reproved those who say the World W'ar was fought in vain and asserted that, to the contrary, it saved democracy for a full genera tion and made possible its resistance to force in 1940. He spoke at the close of a brief ind solemnly impressive Armistice Day service, in the course of which in aide placed a ■wreath of white ihrysanthemums upon the tomb, and in army bugler sounded "taps.” linns rtemesua Later in the day, Mr. Roosevelt aid the cornerstone of the projected laval medical center in nearby Be ;hesda, Md.t with a speech saying :hat it was fitting “to assemble again n the patriotic cause of preserving :he well-being of those who, living, year the uniform of our defense.” Both addresses stressed the theme if "a living democracy—a democracy which intends to keep on living,” is he put it in the second of the wo speeches. Denying, in the first hat democracy “can or will be muffed out in our lifetime,” he pre licted that peoples living under the ‘iron heels” . of modern conquerors vould "rebel.” As to the World war, he asserted :hat a hundred years hence liisto ■ians would brand as "puny and ’alse,” the efforts of "some of our iwn countrymen to m,ake us believe hat the sacrifices made by our own lation were wholly in vain.” A cen ury from now, he continued: Preserved Order "Historians will say rightly that :he World war preserved the new >rder of the ages for at least a whole feneration—a full twenty years—and (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) ASKS FOR UNITY. . Former Legion Leader Calls For Rededication Of All Jo U. S. Ideals R. Gregg Cherry, of Gastonia, yesterday urged a re-dedication o£ all Americans to the American principles and made a plea for national unity, a re-birth of that fervor of patriotism which he cred ited with winning World war I for the United States and Allies. Cherry, former speaker of the state house, former chairman of the state democratic executive committee, and former command er of the North Carolina Depart ment of the American Legion, was the principal speaker at Armistice Day exercises held at Legion field under the auspices of the Legion post here. Next Governor Cherry was introduced by C. D. Hogue, attorney, as "a man who has served his commonwealth long and who in the not distant future will be accorded the highest possible position it is the power of the voters of that commonwealth to bestow, the position of chief executive of the state.” Cherry began his address by com plimenting the New' Hanover High school Junior ROTC unit and ex presing regret that “all our larger high schools do not have the facili ties to train their young men as you do.” “I believe,” he said, ‘‘that New Hanover county is perhaps more patriotic than any other spot in the state,” pointing out that four units of Ne\ Hanover county national guardsmen are now in camp and that because of that none will be called in the first draft for national defense. Such, he recalled, was also the case in the days of World War 1. Humorously he pointed out that twice before he has participated in Armist ce Day celebrations here and drew applause when he said, “and I am glad to be here to serve a third term.” "This is a soldier’s day,” he said, "and we should put ourselves in the position of that first Armistice Day 22 years ago,” and recalled the (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) Willkie Avers F. R. Will Keep America OutOf War NEW YORK, Nov. 11— UP) — tVendell L. Willkie said tonight he mew that President Roosevelt vould keep the “solemn pledge’’ nade by both candidates during :he election campaign to keep t\ s :ountry out of war unless attack ed. Departing from his prepared ad Iress to the nation over a nation wide radio hookup, the defeated ■epublican presidential nominee ;aid: “Mr. Roosevelt and I both >romised the people in the course of the campaign that if we were elected we would keep this coun try out of war unless attacked. Mr. Roosevelt was re-elected and this solemn pledge for him, I know will be fulfilled and I know the American people desire him to keep it sacred.” Speaking from his personal head quarters in the Commodore h t El, Willkie noted that approximate ly 22,000,000 persons had voted for him and asserted “a vital ele (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3).