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WILMINGTON And Southeastern North Carolina Served By Leased Wire Of The ASSOCIATED PRESS Wiih Complete Coverage of Stale and National News --NO. 68 ----WILMINGTON, N. C., TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1940 _FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 18671 GREEK ARMY REPORTED «lv —V— A ' _ A _ a w 11 REUTERS SA YS FASCIST BASE SEIZED TOD A Y _ M. — ■ BITTER FIGHT RAGES 30,000 Italian Soldiers Call For Airplanes To Cover [Their Retreat PRISONERS CAPTURED Greeks Say They Continue To Crush Enemy Lines Of Resistance LONDON, Nov. 19—(Tues day)— (AP) —Reuters, Brit ish news agency, in a dispatch from Belgrade, Yugoslavia, said that the Italian base of Koritza in Albania fell to Greek troops at 1 a. m. today. CALL FOR PLANES ATHENS, Nov. 18. — UP) — More than 30,000 Italian troops fighting a desperate defensive battle to save themselves and huge military stores in the fascist base city of Koritza in Albania called up their airmen to cover their retreat, a Greek govern* ment spokesman said tonight. Italian counter-attacks against the Greek mountain troops who threat ened to cut the only road of escape for the fascist legions had ceas<d late today, the spokesman said, and added, "we continue to crush suc cessively the enemy lines." Prisoners Taken More Italian prisoners and war equipment fell into Greek hands, and the Italian air onslaughts were of ‘‘no importance,” the fascists losing an average of eight planes to one in the fighting, the spokesman re ported. Fighting still was very heavy, he said, and gave this resume of the day’s developments: "All over the entire front Greek troops continue their offensive ac tion. We continue to crush succes sively the enemy lines of resista ce afforded by the configuration of the terrain. "We still are taking prisoners and war materials. Near Koritza we captured about 10,000 blankets and quantities of grain. Among the booty taken there also were ten guns, 33 anti-tank guns, and 15 mortars. "The fight continues in the Ko ritza sector. The Italians, though (Continued on Page Four; Col. 7) PICKETING UPHELD BY U. S. TRIBUNAL Unanimous Decision Hand ed Down In Chicago La bor Union Case WASHINGTON, Nov. 18. — UP) — The supreme court today ruled that a Chicago labor union was free to carry on picketing activities even though the activities were alleged to interfere with interstate commerce. A unanimous decision by Justice Black held in effect that the Norris La Guardia act (barring courts from issuing injunctions in labor disputes except in certain circumstances) took precedence over the Sherman act (barring actions which restrain in terstate commerce.) The court also refused to review two cases challenging controversial (Continued on Page Four; Col. 8) Italy Voices Regret Over *Unintentional* Attack On Yugoslavia BEL GRADE, Yugoslavia, Nov. 18—(/P)—Yugoslavia an nounced tonight that Italy had expressed regret for an “unin tentional mistake” by Italian fliers whose bombs killed nine persons and wounded 21 in the Yugoslav border town of Bitolj on Nov. 5. It was the first official word on the identity of the planes in that raid. A Yugoslav communique said Italy agreed in principle to Yugoslavia’s request for dam ages. “In this way, thanks to the friendlj^ relations between the two countries, the incident can be considered closed,” the communique said. KITCHIN ADDRESSES BAPTIST MEETING College President Says Min ister Must Be The Phy sician To The Soul CHARLOTTE, Nov. 18—UP)—It is a far cry from the priest-physician in the temple of Aesculapius to the doctor in a modern hospital and the preacher in the great ur ban church, said Dr. Thurman D. Kitchin today, but human nature remains pretty much the same. The president of Wake Forest college spoke before the pastors’ conference, a forerunner of the Baptist state convention which opens tomorrow. Dr. Kitchin said that there al ways has been an idea that the frame of mind of the patient in fluenced his illness; that in spite of the effort of both the physician and preacher to divide man into two hemisphere the body and the spirit, nevertheless there always is the unconscious knowledge that the two cannot be disassociated and that each influenced the other. While the diseases of the body are being brought under control, he continued, the diseases of the mind are on the increase, that the increase in mental diseases is due largely to the increased complex ity of living. Increased nervous maladjustments, he said, will re sult from changes in rural, agri cultural life to urban, industrial life. Along with the industrializa tion and urbanization of the south there are emerging new problems of mental health with which the doctor and preacher must deal. ° The minister, he said, must be the physician to the soul. Another speaker was the Rev. T. E. Walters of Gastonia. His sub ject was “Hear the word of the Lord.” The pastors met tonigh to hear takls by Dr. M. L. Banister of Ox ford and Dr. W. W. Hamilton, president of the New Orleans Bible Institute, and to elect officers. Officers whose terms are expir ing are the Rev. Oscar Creech of Ahoskie, president; the Rev. J. A. Sullivan, vice-president; and the Rev. R. C. Foster of Leaksville, secretary. R. N. Sims of Raleigh, state president, will preside during the three-day meeting and M. A. Hug (Continued on Page Four; Col. 7) Nation’s First Draftees Are Inducted Into Army WASHINGTON, Nov. 18. — UP) — In scattered communities from New England to the Pacific coast, little groups of men raised their right hands today, swore to bear ‘‘true faith and allegiance” to the United States, and became soldiers under the nation’s first peacetime conscription program. The historic ceremony, to be re peated day after day in hundreds of draft centers until 800,000 men have entered service by next June 30, was believed to have taken place first in Boston. There, John Edward Lawton. 21 year-old unemployed plumber’s help er, and single, was credited with he lng the first to qualify for service of the nearly 17,000,000 men from 21 to 35 years of age inclusive who registered under the draft law last October 16. “You are the first man in the United States to be inducted under this program,” Capt. Harold E. Lin derson told him. “You’ve got a whole lot to live up to and we’re ex pecting a whole lot from you.” The first inductions were limited to three army corps areas—the 1st, embracing the six New England states, which had a first quota of 984; the 6th, where 100 men were called in Chicago, and the 9th, which called 1,630 men from a group of far western states. It was expected to be the end ot (Continued on Page Four; Cot j " ” " « « K « « Blows Against Italy ■ *v Bomb African Port, Attack Albanian Base Blazing Guns Of Naval Units Inflict Consider able Damage At Dante army supplies hit RAF Strikes Through Gale On English Channel, Pounds Nazi Guns LONDON. Nov. 18.—(£)—1The heavy bombardment of an Italian sort in Africa and a bomb attack c„ an Italian base in Albania were renorted by the British tonight in a series of far-ranging blows ap jarentlv intended to help their Greek and Ethiopian allies as well as to defend the empire against the Axis. e The admiralty announced that blazing guns of light naval units took a heavy toll of port services at Dante, Italian Somaliland. Hits were reported on oil tanks and coastal and anti-aircraft batteries and on the landing pier. Mogadiscio Attacked The admiralty only yesterday said light naval units had bom barded Mogadiscio, principal port of Italian Somaliland, and well down the Indian ocean coast from Dante. Aimost simultaneously today, the Ail Ministry news service an nounced that RAF bombers raided Elbasani, an Italian base in Al bania, south oi Tirana. There, the news service said, military supplies and dumps were hit and a fire was started. Far to the north, British bombers struck through a gale on the Eng lish channel and pounded German batteries on the French coast while the bad weather cut German air attacks on London almost to zero. The Empire capital had its regu lar nightly air raid alarm much later than usual, but insted of the customary all-night “alert,” there were two all-clear periods before midnight. Then the Nazis tried lor a third time to penetrate the city's defenses. London enjoyed long periods without air activity but the un l|sual situation affected few people. Those settled in shelters for the (Continued on Page Four; Col. 5) FAY RAISE VOTED FOR BUS DRIVERS ^5 Monthly Increase For Operators Of School Vehicles Approved n'5 monthly salary Increase ■ aU school bus drivers in New ,an°',er county was voted yester " ty‘e county commissioners ■ er.a brief conference with the Jjard of education. , j “pamissioners agreed to set 1 , ‘Wonaj funds in the school PPement budget to take care of increases for the remainder of LCUl?nt fiscal year. toontM 6 November 1, the bus a ^ salaries of 15 white school rivers in the county will be ^jpbnued on Page Two; Col. 5) I-m. #; ^ M *---f A £ ^jondon’s Worst Raid -r • • ^ ^ P'* London’s firemen vainly pour seemingly-puny sir»ams of water against the raging inferno that left one of the capital’s votal dock warehouses but a hollow sh >11 behind a tall brick facade. Roaring blaze was start id when Nazis, taking advantage of full moon, poured tons of bombs on the British capital in worst air raid >f the war. (NEA Cablephoto) AFL Given F. R.’s Labor Peace Appeal; Lewis Steps Down As Leader Of CIO _ w _ STIMSON SPEAKS Says That Workers Will Have To Make Sacrifices Under Arms Program BY JAMES MARLOW NEW ORLEANS, Nov. 18.—<£>)— President Roosevelt’s desire for a la bor peace move, to begin in the White House, was communicated to day to the American Federation of Labor convention which also was in formed by Secretary of War Stimson that workers will have to make sacri fices under the defense program: AFL President William Green, deeply skeptical that a labor settle ment was brought any closer by John L. Lewis’ announced intention of resigning the CIO presidency, told the applauding convention of the President’s desire for unity in labor ranks. Willing To Help Green said: “The President of the United States is willing to helP us and as' sist jis and he has asked if commit tees (AFL and CIO) can be as sembled and put to work, that they meet with him first of all and ex plore with him the situation at the White House, there to receive his as surances of good will and coopera tion.” At the same time Green outlined a settlement plan which he admitted was not new and which he charged without using his name—that Lewis had already blocked by refusing to let committees from the Congress of Industrial Organizations treat with AFL representatives. Urges Peace Urging industrial peace as an ab solute need for re-arming America, Secretary Stimson, who flew here to address the convention, stressed the (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) School Building Repairs Are AskedBy Grand Jury t0 county school buildings, house h,0n . o£ Parts of the court 5stin .u‘ldlng', and provision of fire Safety 1Shers in school busses as a in tu measure were recommended th6 v of the grand jury at fenny.ember crimina! term of New TheVer superior court. by H jury report, submitted Huniph ‘ Wells- toreman, and A. J. tfet nc../' secretary, recommended toon ;.. Jessary rePairs be made as the y.yj, n°ssible at the majority of in?. in ,! and col°red school build “h‘n ‘he county. !>ointedeP01 b released yesterday, also ,ei>ovati °Ut ttle need of necessary °o work In various offices ) in the courthouse building and in cluded a recommendation for the dredging of a slip so that the fire boat "Atlantic” could be moored in the proper place. Mayor Thomas E. Cooper, the re port said, informed the grand jury, in view of recommendations pre viously made, that the fire depart ment has “amply sufficient materials on hand” to take care of hazards created by the hauling of gasoline through the city. The grand jury also recommended that necessary repairs be made as soon as practicable to the fire sta (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2). Negotiations Resumed In Plane Plant Strike DOWNEY, Cal., Nov. 18 OP)—Wage negotiations were re sumed today between Vultee Aircfart factory executives and leaders of tbe CIO United Automobile and Aircraft work ers whose strike closed the 5,200-employee plant last Fri day. The new conference followed a two-hour meeting of two gov ernment reperescntatives from Washington with union officials and consultation with company heads. Vultee has domestic and for eign military planes orders to talling $84,000,000. Some 3,000 union members were called out on strike for minimum wages of 75 cents an hour insead of the present 50 cents. The company rejected a union compromise proposal of 65 cents an hour a few days before the strike. F. N. LITTLEJOHN REGAINS POSITION Reinstated As Charlotte De tectives’ Chief After Charges Dropped CHARLOTTE, Nov. 18. — CP) — Frank N. Littlejohn, former chief of city detectives, was reinstated in the Charlotte police department today after Superior Judge J. H. Clement (Continued on Page Four; Col. 7) WEATHER FORECAST North Carolina: Fair and warmer Tuesday; Wednesday partly cloudy and warmer. (By IT. S. Weather Bureau) (Meteorological data for the 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. yesterday). Temperature 1:30 a. m. 44; 7:30 a. m. 39; 1:30 p. m. 59; 7:30 p. m. 51; maximum 62; minimum 37; mean 48; normal 55. Humidity 1:30 a. m. 77: 7:30 a. m. 77; 1:30 p. m. 41; 7:30 p. m. 65. Precipitation Total for 24 hours, ending 7:30 p. m., none; total since first of the month, 1.55 inches. Tides For Today High Low Wilmington _ 0:09a 6:42a 12:40p 8:16p Masonboro Inlet_10:06a 4:01a 10:30p 4:44p Sunrise 6:49a; sunset 5:06p; moon rise 9:17p ; moonset 10:27a. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) t- — CALLS FOR UNITY Tells Atlantic City Meeting He Is Fulfilling Pra Election Promise ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., Nov. 18 —(#)—With the mist of tears in his eyes, John L. Lewis solemnly told his CIO legions today that he was stepping down as their leader and fervently bid them to carry on with unified leadership the mili tant organization he founded five years ago. In a hall packed with 500 dele gates to CIO’s third national con vention, Lewis gave notice he was fulfilling his pre-election promise to retire as CIO president if Presi dent Roosevelt was reelected. Leaving Shouting, marching delegates who gave Lewis a 40-minute dem onstration of acclaim for his lead ership, sat hushed as he said “I won’t be with you long. I have done my work. In just a few days, I will be out of this office which at the moment I occupy. “I shall hope that whoever you elect as my successor, that you will give him your support without stint and go back to your member ship and ask them to give him a break also, because he will need it. I ought to know.” His voice filled with emotion, he went on to say, “This is the way of life. Some are able to carry through and some fall, but there is nothing to worry about. We should not dwell in the past. “Yesterday is gone and tomor row is another day. I am con cerned with tomorrow and I care (Continued on Page Four; Col. 6) II Duce Promises Italy He Will Crush Greece ROME, Nov. 18— <£>) —Benito Mussolini promised the Italians tonight that he would “break Greece’s back.” if it takes a year to do it and that he would make no peace until “the modern Car thage—England” is annihilated. From the “battleroom” of his Pa lazzo Venezia, II Duce spoke pub licly for the first time since he en tered the war against France and England last June 10. The occas ion was the fifth anniversary of the imposition of sanctions upon It aly’s Ethiopian adventure, sanc tions imposed under ^Britain’s lead' ership. His immediate audience was made up of Italy’s Fascist party leaders. He insisted that the British lied when they reported the crippling of half of Italy’s six battleships and four other war vessels by tor pedo planes in Taranto harbor a week ago. He declared flatly that the Italian high command told the truth when it said that only one warship was damaged seriously enough to require extensive re pairs, although three were hit. "It is false, I say, that two other warships and two auxiliary ves sels were sunk or hit or damaged even slightly in any way,” Mus solini cried. “It is a sign of bad conscience, this enlargement and multiplication by six of the suc cess which we acknowledged.” Italy, said II Duce, has the strength alone to crush Greece and (Continued on Page Four; Col. i) _ Hitler Talks With Spanish, Italian Chiefs Nazi Press Says Conference Means He Holds All .The Trump Cards CAMPAIGNS DISCUSSED All Newspapers Hint That This Will Be ‘A Highly Political Week’ BY LOUIS P. LOCHNER BERLIN, Nov. 18.— CP) — Adolf Hitler met with the foreign minis ters of Italy and Spain at his moun tain home today, and the German press said their conferences meant that Germany has all the trumps in her hand. Neither the press nor official sources offered even a guess as to the concrete ground covered or pos sible new agreements reached be tween the Fuehrer, Ramon Serrano Suner of Spain and Count Galeazzo Ciano of Italy. Drives Discussed (In Switzerland, however, diplo matists expressed belief the three talked about plans for axis drives from Rumania through Bulgaria to GbYfce and through Spain to Brit ain's Gibraltar). The newspapers, with one voice, hinted-that tbjs wilt be-‘‘a highly po litical week.” One of them, the Hamburger Fremdenblatt, described Spain and Rumania as ‘‘the two geo graphical corner pillars marking the space within which the great fight of the axis powers against England in the Mediterranean is being fought.” Gernian troops already are in Ru mania. The Dienst Aus Deutschland, an authoritative commentary service, likewise said the three-cornered con versations disclosed that the axis is interested equally in western and southeastern European matters. It was believed this might foreshadow a visit to Hitler by General Ion An tonescu, the dictator of Rumania, who has been in Rome. Joachim von Ribbentrop, the Ger man foreign minister, functioned as (Continued on Page Four; Col. 4) CHRISTMAS SEASON WILL OPEN FRIDAY Santa Claus Will Pay An nual Visit To Wilmington Oh Friday Afternoon Wilmington, the shopping center for Southeastern North Carolina, will open its Christmas season Fri day afternoon when Santa Claus pays his annual visit to the city and parades down the streets with bands Playing and colors flying. Arriving at the airport in a fast plane from the North Foie, St. Nich olas will be met by a delegation which will escort him through a tour of the bright light business district. At the airport a special committee which is now preparing his festival float, will greet him and the pageant will then begin. Taking his place on the regal float, Santa will proceed at once to (Continued on Page Four; Col. 6) Speaks Here DR. RONDTHALER DR. RONDTHALER TALKS AT Y HERE Work Of Association In Building Character Prais ed By Twin City Man Work of the Young Men’s Chris tian association in character build ing programs for youth was praised by Dr. Howard E. Rond thaler, president of Salem college at Winston-Salem, in a talk before a meeting launching the annual budget appeal of the Wilmingtor Y. M. C. A. last-night. Dr. Rondthaler cited numerous cases in the activities of the asso ciation the world war over ir moulding the character of all types of youth in the Christian way oi living. “Since June 6, 1844, when the world-wide movement of the Younj Men’s Christian association actu ally started, the organization has reflected the joyousness of group Christian activities,” declared the speaker, who was introduced by J. Wilson Smith, interstate secre tary of the Y. Dr. Rondthaler told his audience to “practice the presence of Jesus Christ” and make the local drive more than a mere acquisition of funds in which will be reflected a “buoyant, invigorating experi ence.” E. A. Laney delivered the ad dress of welcome, the Rev. Charl ton Storey gave the invocation, the Rev. Mortimer Glover presided and pronounced the benediction, and J. B. Huntington, secretary, gave final instructions to the cam paign workers. Approximately 60 attended the supper, which was served by the ladies of St. James’ church. “A great deal depends on what is in us when you go out in this campaign,” said Dr. Rondthaler, "as you must have a joyous inner consciousness cf the presence of Jesus Christ when you approach another person.” The speaker said he was won dering ‘how in the terrific pres sure and confusion of the present youths are going to know Jesus Christ lovingly, gladly, admiringly, and enthusiastically.” It is a tre mendous problem to put this pro gram across, he said, and work ol the Y as part of the influence ol the church has never been more difficult. “I am indebted t0 the Y. M. C. (Continued on Page Four; Col. 4J War Interpretive BY KIRKE L. SIMPSON Mussolini’s roaring assurance to his people that the Nazi-Fascist bloc “already has victory in its fist” would have sounded more convincing if it had not of neces sity been accompanied by an apo logy for the poor showing of his armies against little Greece. He explained to the Italian peo ple what had been clearly demon strated in Greece; that the moun tainous Albanian-Greek border did not lend itself to “blitzkrieg” tech nique. “With absolute certainty I tell you we will break Greece’s back, whether in two months or 12 months, it little matters,” Mus solini said. Open To Dispute Considering the odds against Greece, that boast of her ultimate defeat would seem a statement of the obvious. The declaration, (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4).