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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 04, 1940, FINAL EDITION, Image 4

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Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
At The Murchison Building
R. B. Page. Owner and Publisher
Telephone All Departments
DIAL 3311 _
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton. N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress
ot March 3. 1879 _
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THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
is entitled to the exclusive use of all news
stories appearing in The Wilmington Star
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1940.
Star-News Program
Consolidated City-County Government
under Council-Manager Administration.
Publio Port Terminals.
Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving
and Marketing Facilities.
Arena for Sports and Industrial
Shows.
Seaside Highway from Wrightsville
Beach to Bald Head Island.
Extension of City Limits.
35-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid
er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into
industrial sites along Eastern bank
south of Wilmington.
Paved River Road to Southport, via
Orton Plantation.
Development of Pulp Wood Produc
tion through sustained-yield methods
throughout Southeastern North Carolina.
Unified Industrial and Resort Pro
motional Agency, supported by one
county-wide tax.
Shipyards and Drydock.
Negro Health Center for Southeastern
North Carolina, developed around the
Community Hospital.
Adequate hospital facilities for whites.
Junior High School.
Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers.
Development of native grape growing
throughout Southeastern North Carolina.
Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium.
TOP O’ THE MORNING
There is need of the tiniest candle as well as
the gaint sun,
The humble deed is enobled when it is worthi
ly done.
"Sou may never be called to brighten the re
gions afar.
Bo fill, for this day, your mission by shining
just where you are.
—EDGAR GUEST.
The Tax Picture
Both industry and individual taxpayers will
find welcome reassurance in the announce
ment from Washington that no further increase
in the taxes on 1940 incomes is to be made.
This is a wise step both from the viewpoint
of the government and that of the individual
citizens. For the taxpayer, of course, it gives
an opportunity to plan ahead for a few months
with at least one factor stabilized in an ex
tremely unstable world.
The advantage to the government is that it
gives the tax experts a better opportunity to
see how the new levies imposed this year
work out before they start to draft the ad
ditional taxes which will undoubtedly be re
quired to finance the defense program. By
the middle of next March the treasury should
have a fairly accurate picture of the amount
of revenue which the increased levies on cor
porations and individuals can be expected to
yield. With this information it will be in a
better position to chart its tax program.
As matters stand the taxpayer might as
well be thankful for whatever relief he is al
lowed, however small and temporary it ap
pears. The talk in Washington now is about
a goal of $10,000,000,000 in revenue for the
next fiscal year, which would mean the rais
ing of about $3,000,000,00 by additional taxes.
This could only be achieved by a drastic in
crease in taxes along the line, increases that
would tap the pockets of virtually all American
citizens.
The people of this country facing this un
pleasant prospect, are willing to make what
ever necessary sacrifices national security
may require. But there are two things they
have a right to demand. The first is that
the government immediately move to elimi
nate all wasteful and non-essential spending.
The other is that all new taxes be devised to
interfere as little as possible with the rising
tide of employment and production.
A United Program Needed
Wilmington has special reasons right now
to apply to itself the old recommendation to
strike while the iron is hot. One of them is
that the anti-aircraft base to the north is to
call at least 20,000 men for training, double
the number indicated in earlier estimates of
manpower to be located there. Another is
probable use of Bluethenthal airport both for
military and commercial purposes. This, too,
will concentrate a body of men here. Futher
more, there is strong possibility that a marine
training station will be established in this
area. Some type of shipbuilding plant is fore
seen for the Cape Fear river.
Obviously, Wilmington is on the verge of
jnprecedented development and, in view of
;he fact that the present defence program is
lot a transitory thing to be abandoned as soon
as the threat of war subsides, but will survive
:or many years, the prosperity it will create
will survive with it. The nations of the earth
will be in no mood for disarmament, as it
was after the first World war. It knows too
well what that led to and is not likely to
Eall into the came trap again.
What is going forward now and will be
nitiated in the near future, therefore, to place
(his country on a firm military footing for
lefense, inevitable will long continue after
lostilities cease. In this light it is appropriate,
n fact essential, to plan far ahead with an
;ye on Wilmington’s opportunity to serve both
;he nation and itself in ways that will most
idvantage each.
Despite the government’s clow start in es
;ablishing defense projects hereabouts, it is
ivident, from undertakings already announced
md others in contemplation, that Washington
s determined to make up for lost time,
[he Carolina coast and the state’s industrial
md agricultural resources are to have the
lefense they decerve. And Wilmington, by
•eason of its waterway and its advantageous
.ocation, is the natural center for many of
hem.
What will Wilmington do to accept its re
sponsibilities and make the best of its op
jortunities in the new era just dawning? Ihe
jroblem demands careful planning, thorough
)rganzation, and complete unity of effort,
[here is a task for every individual citizen—a
ask which will improve every citizen’s situ
ition if the planning is concentrated on com
nunity betterment and not on personal fi
lancial advantage. That will come of its own
/olition, once the community solves the greater
problem by united action.
The need, then, is for a Wilmington pro
gram. Let the city’s public-spirited organlza
(ions get together under capable leadership
Eor community betterment.
Not Rumania Alone
Neither censorship nor Premier Antonescu’s
attempt to rally his divided country behind
the cause of regaining its lost lands can ob
scure what is really happening in Rumania.
The tragic fact is that the country is crumbling
into something close to anarchy under the ter
rible stresses and strains it has suffered in
the last few years.
This is horrible enough as far as Rumania
is concerned. A whole country is seething
with hopelessness, bitterness and hatred. Arm
ed assassins, completely out of control of the
legal governments have been slaughtering their
opponents right and left. What has been hap
pening has been more than a revolt. It is a
general revulsion of disillusioned masses
against all law and order, a blind striking out
against accumulated oppressions that have
made life unbearable.
It is even more horrible to contemplate as
we remember that all Europe is heading in
the same direction now. The same forces of
terror that have broken loo<se in Rumania are
at work in all the countries of Europe. The
same hunger, the same hoplessness, the same
Nazi weight of oppression that brought disin
tegration to Rumania are pressing down upon
the other peoples of Europe. And, ironically,
Rumania’s entry in Germany’s new European
order, and the climatic outbreak of these ac
cumulated hatreds came at almost the same
moment.
This new anarchy which Nazi conquest has
fostered and released is equally dangerous to
Hitler and to the rest of the world. For no
order, not even one maintained by force, can
be sustained without a common respect tor
law and the codes which govern human con
duct.
^nange in ruerio kico
President Roosevelt’s appointment of Jose
M. Gallardo as governor of Puerto Rico marks
a new departure in our relations with that
island territory. For it places the executive
office in the hands of a native Puerto Rican
who is thoroughly familiar with the problems
of the island.
The break is more apparent because of the
contrast between the new governor and his
predecessor, Admiral William D. Leahy. The
admiral is one of our foremost naval strate
gists and he was sent to Puerto Rico pri
marily because of the island’s great impor
tance in the defense of the Caribbean and the
Panama canal. He was an able administrator
as well, but his appointment was made chiefly
with an eye to American needs.
The selection of Mr. Gallardo, on the othei
hand, seems aimed directly at meeting the
aspirations of the Puerto Ricans themselves
Many of the islanders have been impatient
for increased self-rule. More Spanish thar
American in background, they have been the
object of intensive propaganda by Spanisl
Fascist groups. Economic distress in recent
years has not helped to increase their regard
, for the United States.
Mr. Gallardo enters upon his new duties
with an impressive record. He has taught in
both Puerto Rican schools and American col
' leges; he is a veteran of the World war. For
the last three years he has served as •com
missioner of education for Puerto Rico and as
a member of the governor’s cabinet. If he
measures up as an administrator he should be
able- to do much toward improving conditions
in Puerto Rico and strengthening the island’s
ties to the United States.
Editorial Comment
WAR DOWN THE YEARS
Bluefield (W. Va.) News
In the late summer of 1914 an officer, two
years retired but recalled in the emergency,
came to Leoben, Austria, to take command of
a platoon of infantry. Though he was then 39
years old, within a matter of weeks he was on
his way to Galicia to fight the Russians.
Plunged thus into the earliest fighting of the
World war was Fritz Kreisler, a great artist
of the violin.
Kreisler’s military career was relatively
short. Within a few months he was invalided
out of the service, his shoulder crushed by a
Cossack cavalryman’s horse in a savage hand
to-hand fight.
A modest little book the following year told
of this artist and war. He had been no little
thrilled by the comradeship, the more color
ful aspects of campaigning that had not yet
settled down to the grim attritional slaughter
that was to come later. He was able to sleep
in the field, his cloak drawn about him, “my
soul filled with exaltation and happiness over
the beauty around me.”
True, on a later night, he recoiled in horror
as the Red Cross parties climbed over piles of
bodies in front of the Austrian trenches trying
to sort out those which still held life. “I felt
faint and sick at heart,” he wrote, “and nearly
swooning away.” But the arrival of an old of
ficer, inured to all that, jerked him to his
feet, and “I regretted that my artistic educa
tion had over-sharpened and over-strung my
nervous system.” So a great artist finished
his militay service, “grateful that I had been
permitted to be of any, if ever so little, service
to my Fatherland.”
The years have passed, Kreisler is now 65,
his Fatherland no longer exists as such, and
another war desolates the Europe he knew.
Worse, the grace and almost forgotten charm
of the Vienna he breathed exists today only in
the kind of haunting and nostalgic melodies
that still issue from his precious violin.
All those other things are gone. What re
mains for this man who lived such a full life?
Music. Art.
“It seems that now I am living only from
day to day, from hour to hour, he told Elliott
Arnold of the New York World-Telegram the
other day. “There is only one thing I know of.
That is the indestructibility of music. The
world may surrender itself to hatred, but mu
sic will outlive the hate. Nothing can hurt
art.”
The whole world is living like Fritz Kreisler
today—from day to day, and from hour to
hour. But it is good that there are some who
can hold fast to the things that are not for the
day or the hour, but for all time—music and
art, faith, and truth, and love. Whoever has
the faintest grasp of any of these indestructi
ble things, let him cling to them the tighter
as the world reels. 1
WASHINGTON
DAYBOOK
BY JACK STINNETT
WASHINGTON, Dec. 3.—To his colleagues
in the Senate, he’s the “gentleman from Geor
gia”; to a lot of politicians, he’s the “mystery
man of politics”; to persons whose memories
are short, he’s that euphonious delight,
“George of Georgia.”
As recently as two years ago, he was a thorn
in the side of the New Deal; but in official
Washington today and probably in the impor
tant news dispatches for many days to come,
he is and will be spotlighted from coast to
coast as chairman of the Senate Foreign Re
lations Committee.
Sen. Walter F. George, unsensational, aloof,
statesman of old school politics, is, at one and
the same time, the most difficult and the
easiest man in the Senate to write about.
Most difficult, because he has always skirt
ed the rim of anecdotal activities that give,
in a paragraph, the nature of Vie man. Easi
est, because from youth he has pursued a
course that is almost completely barren of
those inexplicable inconsistencies which the
column biographer must brush aside or build
from molehills into mountains.
* **
IN SENATE SINCE 1925
Senator George came to the Senate in 1922.
He could have come a few months earlier than
he did, but with a gesture of Georgian cour
tesy, he bowed out of the picture following the
death of Sen. Thomas E. Watson in order that
Mrs. Rebecca L. Felton, an elderly and dis
tinguished lady in the state, might have the
honor of being the first of her sex to sit in
the upper house of Congress.
Soon after, in an election Mrs. Felton did
not enter, he dumbfounded the state’s politi
cians by walking away with the vote—dumb
founded them because although he had held
judgeships in the state for 15 years, he was
not even thought of as a politician or a man
capable of piling up votes in the hurly-burly of
a southern senatorial race.
With the same quiet persuasiveness that he
used then and a faculty for making influential
friends in every hamlet and city in his baili
wick, Senator George has been re-elected with
tick-tock regularity—even in 1938, when (be
cause of his devastating attack on the Supreme
Court revision plan) he was slated by the
New Deal and President Roosevelt, himself,
for the “purge.”
* * *
BYGONES ARE BYGONES
His split with the administration, according
to intimates, has left no scars, and his eleva
tion to the now all-important post of chairman
of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee,
1 following the death of Sen. Key Pittman, has
• caused no pains at the White House or State
, Department. As a matter of fact, his brother
southerner, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, is
one of his closest friends and the senator al
• ready has informed the press that as chairman
, he will continue to be as fully in accord with
the present foreign policies as he has been as
' a senior member of the committee.
George was born in Preston, Ga., 62 years
i ago. Working as a farm laborer, he made his
, way through grade school and Mercer uni
' versity to an LL. D. degree. He started prac
1 ticing in Vienna, Ga., in 1901 and six years
Letter To Santa
1/
y k
I
.‘ NEA Gerrkc. Inc
I
The Editor’s
LETTER BOX
The editor doe» r.ot necessarily
endorse any article appearing in
this department They represent the
views of the individual readers. Cor
respondents are warned that all
communications must contain the
correct name and address for our
records, though the latter may be
signed as the writer sees fit. The
Star-News reserves the right to alter
any text that for any reason is oh
iectionable. Letters on controversial
subjects will not be published.
AID TO GREECE
To the Star:
I have noticed several news
items in your paper, with refer
ence to the drive for funds which
is being made by our Greek-Ameri
can citizens, for the relief of war
torn Greece.
I believe I would be remiss in
my duty, if I failed to call to the
attention of the citizens of Wil
mington an incident which oc
curred while I was mayor, during
the time unemployment rose to
such a high level, and before our
national government gave assist
ance, in order to keep thousands
of our unfortunate residents from
actual starvation and want.
One night I was sitting alone in
my living room, thinking about the
situation. It is needless to say, I
was very much worried. I then
heard the sound of many footsteps
on my porch. The door bell rang,
and upon answering it, I saw quite
a large delegation of Greek-Ameri
can citizens, and upon being in
vited in, Mr. Saffo, who acted as
spokesman, informed me that his
people had been following the un
employment situation very closely
and had read the appeals which
we were making for funds to feed
our hungry people. He further
said, the Greek-American citizens
of Wilmington wanted to do their
part in relieving the situation, and
had raised a fund among them
selves for this purpose, and the
committee had come to my house
for the purpose of placing the mon
ey in my hands. Thereupon, he
gave me several hundred dollars—
the exact amount I do not recall.
Needless to say, many hungry
mouths were filled, and we cannol
even estimate the great amount ol
good this money did.
Now that Greece is being so
hard pressed, and the need for
funds in that country is so great,
I certainly hope the citizens ol
Wilmington will recall this inci
dent, and answer the appeal for
help from that country. Greece has
proven to the world that she is
worthy in full measure, pressed
down and running over. God bless
and defend her in this great strug
gle.
Respectfully
WALTER H. BLAIR
Nov. 3, 1940
Carolina Beach 2
later was elected circuit judge He
remained on various state benches
for 15 years.
• * *
AN ABLE SPEAKER
If today the severe, patrician
white-haired gentleman from Genr
gia has any outstanding character
istics, they are these: Ability as a
speaker which though lacking ir
political pyrotechnics, almost al
ways fiHs the Senate fl00r anc
galleries with eager listeners- a
amazing memory typified by’ the
time when he gave a rcnorter !
20-minute extemporaneous state
ment and an hour later repeated it
word for word, period for period
l trveporters who had goUer
wmd of the story; and a dry hu
City Man a g e r Plan
EDITOR’S NOTE: The fol
lowing questions and answers
regarding the City Manager form
of government are made avail
able through the Wilmington
Junior Chamber of Commerce for
the interest of the general pub
lic. Others will be published in
the near future. The Jaycees are
now waging a campaign for the
establishment of this form of
government in Wilmington.
1. What is the manager plan?
It is the most efficient and at the
same time most democratic form of
local government. It resembles close
ly the organization of modern school
systems and modern corporations,
public and private. The voters (stock
holders) choose a city council (board
of directors) to determine policy
and to hire a trained man as chief
administrator.
2. —How does the manager plan
differ from the mayor-council and
the commission forms?
The manager plan is superior to
both old forms because it unifies or
ganization (whereas the commission
form sets up five or more little
governments) and makes possible ex
pert, non-political administration
(whereas the mayor-council form
supplies a partisan executive saddled
with political obligations).
3. Why does the city manager
plan work better?
Because it remedies the defects in
other forms which experience has
shown up. It is simple and is under
stood by the voter. It facilitates get
ting capable executives in the pub
lic business. It makes non-partisan
elections practical and thereby fa
cilitates non-partisan administration.
It centralizes responsibility.
4. How many cities have the
council-manager plan?
More than 500. About 200 others
have some variation of it. More
than 11,000,000 Americans live in
communities which have the man
ager plan.
5. What size are these communi
ties?
They range from Bendix, N. J.,
with a population of 35, to Cincin
nati, with a population of half a mil
lion. One out of every five cities
(over 10.000) has this form of gov
ernment.
6. Is the plan growing rapidly?
Four of every five cities which
have drawn up new charters in re
cent years have adopted the man
ager plan. Abroad it is known as
the typically American form of gov
ernment and is considered this coun
try’s principal contribution to the
science of local government.
7. What has been the experience
of the cities now operating under
this form of government?
Almost uniformly the reports show
citizens are well satisfied. Consist
ent records of improved service nd
reduced cost have been made by
these cities.
8. Why not elect the manager in
stead of appointing him?
Whenever an administrative execu
tive is elected, his office is thrown
into politics. Men who are not at
all qualified will seek the position
because it has a good salary. In order
- be elected even a qualified man
will have to make promises—or his
campaign managers will do so. That
means appointments on a patronage
basis instead of on merit. When the
manager is appointed by a council,
it is to his interest to make good
appointments because he must make
a good record to hold his job.
9- Will not the pla» result in au
tocratic government by the manager
instead of democratic government?
Quite the contrary. Democracy con
sists in controlling public officers,
not necessarily in electing them, anc
that way is most dramatic which
gives the people the surest contrc 1
The most effective way for the people
to control their public officers i:
to choose a representative group ol
citizens (the council) with power tc
l.ire the chief executive of the city
The council, if it is representative
can be relied on to keep a check r
whot he is doing and fire him any
time he is unsatisfactory.
10. Since it is frequently impossi
ble to find a trained city manage)
residing in a city which adopts thx
plan, is not an out-of-town manage)
likely to be out of touch with loca
sentiment?
The city council, composed as i
is of local men and women electee
by the people, determines all matter:
of policy and the manager Carrie:
out its orders. The problems of al
cities are similar from an adminis
trative standpoint. Hence, the man
ager need not be in close touch witl
the community prior to accepting of
fice for he has nothing to do witl
the policy' of the community. Ii
fact, if he comes from out of towi
he has none of the local entangle
mems that arise inevitably from ■
residence in a city. He io identifiei
wit., no faction or political party an<
has no obligations which might lea<
him to grant favors or special priv
ileges. His freedom to make decis
ions independent of local influenci
and his broader experience more tha.
make up for his initial lack of inti
mate acquaintance with the commu
nity. Witness a school superinten
dent or head of a hospital. The posi
tions are parallel.
WORK ON PANAMA
LOCKS IS PLANNEE
Bids For Major Contracts Oi
Third Set Are Scheduled
To Be Opened Today
WASHINGTON. Dec. 3.—MP)
Panama canal officials announcec
they would open bids here earlj
tomorrow for the first major con
tracts in installing a third set o
locks in the Isthmian waterway
Bernard F. Burdick, chief of the
canal’s office here, said the speci
fications called for dry land ex
cavation of approximately 12,000,
000 cubic yards of earth and rod
on the Atlantic approach to the
new channel.
Congress has authorized the ex
penditure of $99,000,000 on the ca
nal project in 1941.
Lieut. Col. Thomas B. Larkin
supervising engineer of specia
construction on the canal, flev
here from the Isthmus to be pres
ent at the opening of the bids
Thirty days after contract award!
are completed the earth “must be
gin flying” down in the Zone, Bur
dick said.
Contract specifications call fo
completion of the Atlantic side drj
land excavations within two anc
a half years. “Wet” excavation!
by huge dipper and suction dredge;
already are under way at bott
ends of the canal, creating en
trance channels leading to t h <
third set of locks.
The new locks, as a nationa
defense precautionary measure
will be located approximately hal
a mile away from the existing
lock chambers. :
Sir Francis Drake landed ir
California on June 17,1579.
Fair Enough
The Star wishes its readers
to know that views and opin
ions expressed in this article
are those of the authur and
may not always harmonize
with its position.—The Editor
BY WESTBROOK PEG l Er
NEW YORK. Dec. 3.-A11 ,rUo
lovers of that beautiful fascist cul
ture would take esthetic picture"
I am sure, in the perusal 0t a p'j
of mail such as invariabiv f0nm,
any reference in print to the Pe
culiar military triumphs of Bemto
Mussolini’s dauntless Invine
Of course, we vulgar parvenus of
the coarse and raucous American
breed can hardly expect to appro,
date fully the loveliness of ti;ou«h>
which flows so sweetly from the
pens of the Duce’s loyal subjects
in our midst, but even wc lar.
sense the finer beauty which we*
cannot fully understand. After all
dull as Americans arc, we son c
times are heard to exclaim that an
uncommonly colorful sunset is real
pretty or swell’or cute. Thu- a|.
though the deeper pools of the Fas.
cist nature defeat our understand
ing, even we catch a charmm*
spiritual glimpse from a communi
cation such as, for example, this:
“You filthy, cowardly, yellow
cur:
“I hope you will be murdered
some day by one of your dirty
American swine. You are as loony
as a cockroach, and you stink up
the house. I hope you will die in
agony and that God may curse you
and your dirty wife, and if you are
not too degenerate to have rats,
may they be cursed, too.”
True Spirit
This Invincible ves in Rich,
mond, Va., but though he reveals
the true spirit of the Duce’s In
domitables, I have to say, in care
ful justice to Mussolini’s culture,
that the writer does not possess the
gift of beauty which is found in the
spontaneous expressions of some
others. It will be noted that he al
lows himself only one mention of
degeneracy, and that a rather
glancing allusion, whereas more
artistic flowers on the stalk of Fas
ist culture delight to wallow in a
topic that seems to be an obses
sion. They rub it in their hair.
Americans, having no apprecia
tion of this sort of thing, doubtless
would be bored by samples, so I
refrain from casting pearls before
those whom our Richmond Fascist
friend calls swine.
It seems that nothing stirs the
cultural being of the Fascist in our
contemptible land as deeply as re
minders of the military feass of the
little nation which takes orders
from Hitler, transmitted througu
Sergeant Mussolini. So sensitive
are they that, whereas the peoples
of less noble nations take pride in
telling off the names of famous
battlers, in Italy, under Mussolini.
Caporetto A d o w a , Guadalajara
and now Albania are, like the
name of the diety, forbidden to the
tongue. And, of course, the mere
' mention of these historic scenes
■ by a foreigner is profanation de
1 serving, as our Richmond friend
1 suggests, the death penalty by
1 cruel and unusual means.
Sacred
. Albania did not become a hal
lowed battle name until the de
spicable Greeks, ill-armed and few
| in number, started chasing t h e
j Duce’s Imperial Legions back over
the mountains and crying, "On to
Rome.’’ While the Italian army
( was advancing, while the Indom
I itables were ganging up on the un
I armed, unmilitary sidehill dodgers
of the Albanian country it was not
merely legal but quite the thing to
speak of Albania in public. But
after the fight went into the char
‘ acteristic military direction of the
Indomitables, which is to say re
verse, then the name became sa
cred, along with the other symbols
of Fascist glory.
“You, you despicable liar,” says
a quiet note which breathes <-f
beauty, “may you rot and choke
on your own cowardly lies, you
louse. An Italian woman who spits
| in your face.”
Again you feel, if you are not too
dense, the culture of Fascist Italy.
I and here, in slightly different form
but in the same, unmistakable spir
it, we hhve another expression:
“Your insulting, malicious and
hateful editorials have definitely
touched us. The person who drew
. this card (an Ace of Spades, in
; closed) is under oath to touch you
■ by the best and only method for a
. rat like yourself. A 38 caliber bul
■ let through your lungs, in the most
silent manner. You have been al
. together too unfriendly. Too bad,
. but it must be done. ’
This was signed “The Commit
. tee.”
We are a young, raw people
i we Americans, who cannot under
stand the culture of the Duce, hut
such chance manifestations make
us aware that we are missing
something wonderful, one way
another.
Selective Service Act
Is Attacked In Court
■ NEW YORK. Dec. 3.-'?-^
■ selective service act was at,aC. “
on constitutional grounds in fe .
’ al court today by lawyers t •••
Workers Defense league anc. -
conscientious objectors now l-‘
indictment.
James Lipsig. league c0
who appeared also for «»•
objectors, told Judge William
dy that the situation now ■
parallel to that which ^
. through litigation concerning 1
draft acts.” .. he
’ “We are not now at war^ ^
said, “our challenge relates
assumption that Congress. '"e
the nation is at peace, can
conscription as provided v j
act of 1940.”

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