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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 12, 1940, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Served By Leased Wire Of The Dedicated To The Progress Of
ASSOCIATED PRESS * WILMINGTON
With Complete Coverage of 1 And Southeaslern North $
Stale and National News t Carolina If
VOL. 74.—NO. 88.--- WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1940 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867
1 ' ill AAA 4> ■ ■ ■ ■ —
Many Fascist
Troops, New
Areas Seized
Three Generals Among Men
Captured By The Driving
British Troops
FIGHTING CONTINUES
Italians Put Up Stubborn
Resistance Before Losing
Important Base
CAIRO, Egypt, Dec. 11.—Wl—
British troops stormed and cap
tured Sidi Barrani—the strongest
Italian base' in Egypt—today and
rolled westward in armored cars
to occupy considerable additional
areas, general headquarters an
nounced tonight.
Captured, said the official com
munique, were “a large number”
of military prisoners, including
three Fascist generals, who went
into British custody along with
more than 6,000 prisoners of war
already taken.
Italians Resist
The Italians put up a stubborn
resistance before the British final
ly took Sidi Barrani, and late to
night, on a 200-mile square desert
battleground, fighting still was go
ing on between isolated groups,
with the Italians holding out des
perately. It was generally be
lieved, however, that with the cap
ture of the base, the present phase
of operations is concluded satis
factorily for the British.
South of the town, Fascist camps
still holding out were areas of in
tense struggle. Each is protected
by a deep outside trench and by
anti-tank defenses behind which,
around the whole camp, there is
a low but deep wall built of rocks
and boulders and mounted with
anti-tank anti-aircraft and machine
guns.
These dangerous little nests
were being attacked by infantry
under cover of heavy artillery
bombardments, the RAF support
ing British armored columns and
at the same time violently attack
ing the Italian rear.
Summing up air activity, it was
declared tonight that in the past
(Continued on Page Fifteen, Col. 1)
ITALIANS ADMIT
EGYPTIAN LOSSES
Claim British Armored Di
visions Suffered 'Serious
Losses/ However
ROME, Dec. 11—(/P)—The Italian
high command acknowledged re
verses in the Egyptian campaign
about Sidi Barrani today, but
said British armored divisions
which made the swift attack on
Fascist lines there suffered “ex
tremely serious losses.”
(The British officially announced
the capture of Sidi Barrani, “with
a large number of prisoners,” this
afternoon.)
Fighting of “exceptional viol
ence” continued all day Monday
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 2)
War .
Interpretive
BY KIRKE L. SIMPSON
Britain’s offensive in Egypt, be
sides driving the Italians out of
their important supply base, Sidi
Barrani, is having powerful reper
cussions on the Mediterranean war
camp from Gibraltar to the Suez
canal.
In the eyes of invasion-dreading
Balkan neutrals, including Turkey,
the British successes virtually
have nullified for months to come
the possibility of a Nazi-fascist
(Continued on Page Ten; Col 3)
^ ~K K K * 'K IK 'K 'K *
Holly Ridge Cc* truction Quartermaster Named
■-- K
Montgomery
fill Arrive
In Few Days
Announcement Of Action
Received From Office Of
Congressman Clark
CONFERENCE PLANNED
Hines Reports Army Offi
cers Are Looking Over
Cite For The Camp
Colonel A. 'Montgomery has been
appointed construction quartermas
ier f0r the development of the $10,
000,000 anti-aircraft training center
at Holly Ridge, the office of Con
gressman J. Bayard Clark, in Wash
ington, advised James E. L. Wade,
city commissioner of public works,
yesterday afternoon.
Commissioner Wade said that he
was also informed that Col. Mont
gomery is scheduled to arrive at
Holly Ridge in the “next day or so.”
However, it was reported in Holly
Kite yesterday afternoon that “six
cr eight" Army officers had arrived
and started looking over the site of
the new army camp. It could not
t* learned last night if Col. Mont
gomery was a member of this party.
Conference Expected
C. C. Hines, postmaster at Holly
Ridge, said that the army officers
conferred with representatives of
the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and
that a conference relative to the
construction of spur tracks on the
post reservation is expected to he
held soon between officers and rail
road officials.
Lloyd Crocker, superintendent
for the Wilmington district of the
A. C. L-. returned last night from
an inspection tour, and said that he
anticipated a meeting with Army of
ficials in the next few days in re
gards to building spur tracks at Hol
ly Ridge.
A report that the conference is to
te held this morning could not be
(Continued on Page Fifteen, Col. 3)
HANDS SECTION
RAIDED BY NAZIS
Authorities Say All Fires
Set By Bombs Extin
guished By Midnight
LONDON. Dec. 12.—(Thursday)
Nazi raiders struck at a west
elidiands area in one-a-minute
tempo late last night but tapered
to occasional sorties by indi
victual planes early today.
Authorities said all fires set by
bombs in the section had been ex
ttnguished by midnight. A terrific
‘Sti-aircraft barrage kept the raid
ers high.
attack was centered on a
Community which had been left
•one for more than a week.
ombs also broke London’s two
ai-and-two-night respite last eve
(Continued on Page Ten; Col 3)
WEATHER
Norn, r fo«ECAST
tlsionai : Mostly cloudy, oc
*«, Jaui Friday and in extreme
«str,J10n..Th"rsday; warmer north
Fridav tl0n J lnirsday, cooler in interior
WetenLC' S' VVeather Bureau)
®®«r -.or lca ‘'a1-3 7or the 24 hours
' “J l>. m. yesterday).
1:30 „ Temperature *
19:7:30a ' 'J';_7:’i0 a. m. 4,'); 1:30 p. m.
*#»«. m- r>7; maximum 72; mini
' i mean 53; normal 50.
1:30a „ ... Humidity
S: 7-aa ?'• d ,; 7:3° a. in. 91; 1:30 p. m.
P. m. 72.
Iota| t . Freeipitalion
*99 mch« "4»0ur! ending 7:30 p. m.
ttonth total since first of the
inches.
(From t "!itles For Today
c»ast and p !'aWes Published bq U. S.
and Geodetic Survey).
.fa fs.
■..«..fa f»
liaise 7 -03. 6:09p 12:13p
*■%'' m,, • sunset 5:04p; moonrise
mo°nset 4:55a.
*,R 'aermk,aiie at Fayetteville, N. C.,
' m - Dec. 10, 9.6 feet.
("ntl»ued on Page Ten; Col. 2)
---^ xy --i
Har
——— Jt ^
(NEA Telephoto)
Are tbe Duke and Duchess of Windsor pleased to be in America after
16 and 12 year absences, respectively? Just look at those smiles and
waves! Greeted by Mayor Alexander Orr, Jr., the Governor General of
the Bahamas and his American wife are pictured as they arrived at Miami,
Ha., aboard the yacht of Axel Wenner-Gren, Swedish millionaire.
Armory-AuditonumPlans
To Be Given To WP A Soon
NOW TAKING ESTIMATE
Will Be First Presented To
Local Office, Then To
Raleigh Headquarters
Plans for the proposed WPA ar
mory-auditorium project for Wil
mington, costing a^i estimated $200,
000, will possibly/ be ready for pre
sentation to state WPA officials in
Raleigh early next week, James E.
L. Wade, commissioner of public
works, said yesterday.
James B- Lynch, of Lynch and
Foard, architects, is now taking the
material estimates, the final phase
of preparing detailed project plans,
Wade said.
Plans will first be submitted to
the local WPA office, of which W.
Joe Prevette is the district super
visor, for a check, and then taken
before state WPA officials in Ra
leigh to work out details suitable
to the WPA.
Delegation Planned
The delegation to Raleigh early
next week will include: Addison Hew
lett, chairman of the board of county
commissioners; representatives of the
local WPA office, James B. Lynch,
architect; J. A. Loughlin, city engi
neer; and Commissioner Wade.
Following the presentation of all
project specifications to the state
WPA in Raleigh, the project will
then be returned here for signatures
of the joint, sponsors, the city and
county commissioners.
The recent approval of prelimi
nary project plans by Adjutant Gen
eral J, Vann B. Metts, of Raleigh,
made possible the submission of de
tailed specifications before local and
(Continued on Page Fifteen, Col. 6)
Fifty Generals View
Fort Benning Tests
FOKT BENNING, Ga., Uec.
11.—</P)—Fifty generals, cream
of the commanding officers of
the United States National
Guard, breathed smoke and
soaked up sunshine today in
field demonstrations of the use
of troops in chemical warfare.
They saw Levins projectors
toss smoke shells with mathe
matical precision from one hill
top across a valley to another
hill. In another demonstration
they were shown how to go
about neutralizing a hill occu
pied by enemy troops.
Mortars, fired with rifle-like
accuracy, threw smoke shells all
along the hill, bathing the area
in smoke. In actual combat the
instructor told the generals such
shells might carry mustard gas.
LOTHIANAPPEALS
FOR AMERICAN AID
Says Issue Of War ‘Now
Depends Largely On What
You Decide To Do’
BALTIMORE, Dec. 11 .—(TP)—Mak
ing an implied plea for American
naval assistance in keeping the sup
ply routes open to the British Isles,
the Marquess of Lothian, British
ambassador, declared tonight that
the issue of the war ■ ‘'now depends
largely on what you decide to do.”
"If you back us you will not be
(Continued on Page Five, Col. 1)
Dutch Destroyer Seizes
German Freighter Rhein
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. — (IF)—
The Navy department announced to
night that the German freighter
Rhein, which slipped out of Tam
pico, Mexico, Nov. 29 to run the
British blockade, was “in possession
of the Dutch destroyer Van Kins
bergen this morning off the coast
of Cuba.”
The Nazi crew attempted to scut
tle their ship, the Navy announce
ment said, before abandoning her.
Another source had reported earlier
that a Dutch warship “intercepted”
11he Rhein and that fire was ob
| served aboard the freighter.
The location of the Rhem s inter
ception was apparently somewhere
in the vicinity of the place the Brit
ish cruiser Diomede on Sunday took
the 5,033-ton German freighter Idar
wald which left Tampico with the
Rhein. The latter was a vessel of
6,031 tons. The Idarwald was scut
tled by her crew.
The last word heard from the
Rhein was a radio message sent
several hours after she slipped out
of Tampico, where she took refuge
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 1)
-
Greek Forces
Make Gains In
South Albania
Picked Italian Troops Suc
ceed In Slowing Offen
sive In The North
FIERCE FIGHT RAGES
Greeks Send Shock Troops
Armed With Long Knives
Against Fascists
ATHENS, Dec. 12.—(Thursday)
(J)—Continued advances in south
ern Albania were claimed for
Greek forces early today but in
the north, a spokesman indicated,
picked Italian troops had succeed
ed in slowing the Greek ofensive.
On their extreme left, north of
fallen Argirocastro and Porto Ed
da, the spokesman said, the Greeks
pushed ahead without even rear
guard action from an enemy re
treating toward the Chimara
Heights.
Losses Heavy
On snow-covered battle grounds
of the north and central sections
fierce fighting with heavy losses
to the counter-attacking enemy
was said to have failed to halt the
Greeks.
(Dispatches from Ohrid, Yugo
slavia said the Italians had wiped
out minor Greek gains northwest
of Muskopole and west of Pogra-.
detz, one of the first important
Italian bases captured by the
Greeks.)
Italian resistance on the Premeti
region of the central sector was
described as “very stubborn,” but
the Greeks were said to have oc
cupied strategic heights in their
drive toward Elbasani.
“More to the north, the enemy
was thrown back from very strong
position 1800 meters (about 6,000
feet) high which the enemy de
fended seriously. So great was the
| (Continued on Page Fifteen, Col. 4)
EMPTY STOCKING
FUND IS LAGGING
Parents Reminded Method
Of Distribution Of Gifts
Has Been Changed
With Christmas coming nearer and
nearer and demands on the Empty
Stocking fund increasing daily, the
sponsors of the fund yesterday re
newed the appeal to Wilmingtonians
ot contribute generously so that no
child will be overlooked when Santa
Clause makes his rounds.
Lagging contributions brought the
total up to only $336.74 yesterday,
this being one-sixth of last year's
total.
For years the people of Wilming
ton have shown their determination
that there will be no empty stocking
here at Christmas and this year the
sponsors believe that they are equal
(Continued on Page Fifteen, Col. 1)
COMMERCE MEET
SCHEDULED FRIDAY
Proposal T o Revitalize
Trade Body To Be Con
sidered By Membership
A proposal to revitalize the Wil
mington Chamber of Commerce
will be submitted to the entire
membership of the trade body at
8 o’clock tomorrow night in the
recorder’s courtroom.
The meeting was called at the
close of a special session of the
organization’s executive committee
yesterday morning when consider
ation was given to a report re
ceived from a special committee
appointed recently to promote
means of revitalizing the trade
body.
Members of the chamber of com
merce will be acquainted with the
proposal prior to the meeting to
morrow night, but t£ie contents of
the report will not be made public
prior to that time, said John Car
ter, president of the organization.
THE LION’S CLAWS — IN EGYPT |
Claws of the British lion that struck with feline fu ry at B Duce’s legions in Egypt were many—being un
sheathed by land, air and sea forces at once. Efficient -looking field guns like those pictured above helped
British desert fighters blast through Italian lines, cap turing thousands of prisoners. In photo above, Egyp
tian policeman and British Tommy are examining one of the guns.
Investigation Of Truck
Lane Route Is Authorized
REPORT IS SCHEDULED
Division Engineer Betts
Says He Will Make Inves
tigation Next Week
The state highway and public
works commission meeting in Ra
leigh yesterday authorized Division
Engineer T. T. Betts to investigate
the proposed truck route through
Wilmington ag to its feasibility and
to report back at the next meeting
of the commission on January 8.
The motion authorizing Betts to
make the survey was made by Com
missioner A. F. Powell, Jr., of White
ville.
Under the motion, Betts is to “de
cide upon the feasibility of adding
designated streets to the state high
way system.”
Betts stated in Raleigh that he will
make the investigation “some time
next week” and the results will be
turned over to the commission at the
next meeting.
The board of city commissioners’
request for a truck route was pre
sented at the meeting yesterday by
Commissioner Powell. Several days
ago the commissioners designated
10th street as the route for the truck
lane and an agreement was reached
(Continued on Page Fifteen, Col. 7)
Fayetteville Lumber
Plant Swept By Fire
FAYETTEVILLE, Dec. 11. —
Fire of undetermined origin
practically destroyed the West
Lumber and Box company here
tonight causing considerable
damage.
/The fire was still burning at
10 o’clock, but had been virtual
ly brought under control.
Three fire trucks were used
in fighting the flames, two
from the Fayetteville fire de
partment and one from Fort
Bragg. The alarm was turned
in at 8:25 o’clock.
An estimate of the damage
was impossible tonight.
Joseph Calcutt Appeals
To N. C. Supreme Court
RALEIGH, * Dec. 11.—UP)—Jos
eph Calcutt, Fayetteville slot ma
chine mogul, appealed today to th<
state supreme court from a year’:
term on the roads and a $10,001
fine imposed in Wake superio:
court yesterday after he had plead
ed guilty to possessing illegal slo
machines.
He was placed under $25,001
bond.
Tyrrell County May Get
New Naval Blimp Station
RALEIGH, Dec. 11— (#> —The
state highway and public works
commission today ordered imme
diate distribution of a new $2,000,
000 allocation by Governor Hoey,
and pledged to provide a paved
highway in Tyrrell county after it
had heard that such a road would
assure a $5,000,000 lighter-than-air
craft base.
Governor Hoey, appearing per
sonally, announced the extra $2,
000,000 allocation from surplus
road funds for continuing WPA
road projects. The commission de
cided to reserve 10 per cent fo:
bridges, and to distribute the res
by districts on a basis of mileage
population, area and automobile
registration.
The road in Tyrrell county wa:
requested by Commissioner E. V
Webb, who said that the county re
ported it was practically assurei
of a huge new defense air base
probably five miles east of Colum
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4)
WOODROW COTTON
GIVEN NEW TRIAL
Tribunal Upholds Death
Penalties Imposed On Two
Negroes, However
RALEIGH, Dec. 11— (£>> — The
state supreme court today granted
a new trial to Woodrow Cotten,
Wake county white man sentenced
to die for the murder of his
mother-in-law, but upheld death
penalties imposed on two negroes
for killing negro women.
The court decided 12 cases.
With Associate Justices Heriot
Clarkson and A. A. F. Seawell fil
ing unwritten dissents, the tribun
al ruled that the testimony of Cot
ten’s wife, who was also charged
with the slaying but who was ac
quitted, was “necessarily hurtful
to her husband,” and therefore vio
lated the law prohibiting husband
and wife from testifying against
each other.
Mrs. Cotten’s mother, Mrs. Mary
Lee Herndon, was felled with
shotgun blast in a barn at her
home near Moncure on last Feb
ruary 19.
The court said it found no er
; rors in the convictions of Fleet
1 (Continued on Page Fifteen, Col. 3)
RUMANIAN ARMY
TIGHTENS POWER
Series Of Emergency De
crees Are Issued By Pre
mier Ion Antonescu
■ BUCHAREST, Dec. 31.—UP)—The
t army tightened its control over near
, ly every phase of Rumanian life to
day with a series of emergency de
crees by Premier Ion Antonescu.
; The decrees came quickly after
picked German troops had paraded
• through the streets of Bucharest,
l Brasov and other cities and after
the official press had warned that
■ the nation must take seriously its
(Continued on Page Fifteen, Col. 2)
British Food Situation Termed Just
As ‘Grim’ As During Last World War
LONDON, Dec. 11.—(5>)—Britain’s
food situation was declared by Min
ister of Agriculture R. S. Hudson to
day to be “just as grim” as it was
in the bleakest days of the World
war when these islands came peril
ously close to starvation.
Hudson put this-bleak picture be
fore a farmers’ meeting in a speech
viewed by informed quarters princi
pally as a pep talk. But the house
of lords, in debate oh the same sub
ject, heard declarations that the con
voy system needed immediate over
hauling to meet the Nazi threat to
British shipping.
“The situation today is just as
grim as when Mr. Lloyd George (the
world-wartime prime minister) start
ed his intensive food production cam
paign in 1919,” Hudson told the farm
ers. "The government is trying to
adjust production so as to produce
foodstuffs that will keep the people
healthy as well as alive.”
He said the British navy’s task
of defeating the German counter
blockade of submarines and long dis
tance bombers now is "doubly or
trebly” as difficult as in World war
days.
Exhorting the farmers to increase
jome production, Hudson declared
that farm labor would have to con
tribute to the steadily increasing de
mands of the armed services and
:hat, except for conscientious objec
:ors sent to farms, additional labor
would have to be provided by Eng
lish women.
In the house of lords Lord Stra
aolgi, labor peer, said the situation
was ‘‘serious" but not "desperate.”
There are large accumulations of
(Continued on Page Ten; Col 3)

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