Newspaper Page Text
Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments _DIAL 3311__ Entered as Second Class Matter at filming ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER Payable Weekly or in Advance^^ Star News tion , , .$ .20 $ .15 $ .30 1 Week . 2.60 1.95 3.90 3 Months . 52Q 3 go 780 6 Months . 10.40 7.8O 15.60 1 Year ... N^TritTs entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News -BY MAIL Payable Strictly in Advance Combina Star News tion .. .$ .75 $ .50 $ .90 3 Months"!.’.'.*..’. 2.00 1.50 2.75 8 Months . 4-00 3-00 5‘50 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News (Daily Without Sunday) 1 Month .$ .50 6 Months .$3.00 3 Months . 1.50 12 Months .6.00 (Sunday Only) 1 Month .$ .20 6 Months .$1.25 3 Months.65 1 Year .6.00 Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of 25 cents per line. Count five words to line. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1940. Star-News Program Consolidated City-County Government under Council-Manager Administration. Public Port Terminals. Perfected Truck and Berry Preserving and Marketing Facilities. Arena for Sports and Industrial Shows. Seaside Highway from Wrightsville Beach to Bald Head Island. Extension ot City Limits. 35-Foot Cape Fear River channel, wid er Turning Basin, with ship lanes into industrial sites along Eastern bank south of Wilmington. Paved River Road to Southport, via Orton Plantation. Development of Pulp Wood Production through sustained-yield methods through out Southeastern North Carolina. Unified Industrial and Resort Promo tional Agency, supported by one county wide tax. Shipyards and Drydocks. Negro Health Center tor Southeastern North Carolina, developed around the Community Hospital. Adequate, hospital -ilities for whites. Junior High School. Tobacco Warehouse for Export Buyers. Development of native grape growing throughout Southeastern North Carolina. Modern Tuberculosis Sanatorium• TOP O' THE MORNING To the manger from afar, Guided by an eastern star Came the Wise Men Him to see We like stars are meant to be To the souls out in life's sea Telling of a Saviour’s love, Pointing them to Heaven above. —GORDON E. HOOKER Italy In Torment Mussolini’s immediate problem, already ser ious if not yet acute, is how to keep his regime in power and hold Italy together under the impact of reverses abroad and growing unrest at home. The damage in Albania and Africa cannot be repaired -quickly. Time is needed if it ever is to be repaired. For that reason the situation at home cannot wait. There is no question that distrust of Musso lini’s leadership, dissension over his policies, and fear of the consequences are rife in Italy. The Fascist press, by its warnings against British propaganda, its thinly veiled charges aginst Marshal Badoglio, and its threats against the “middle class,” has mir rored a condition verging on a state of panic. Left unchecked, this wave of despair is cap able of washing away the very foundations of the regime. Already measures are being taken. Last week’s resignations indicated that the army . is to be purged and Roberto Farinacci’s at tack on Marshal Badoglio means that any complaints will be stopped. All along the line, from high to low, criticism is to be repressed by force. Strong-arm methods are to be employed by “action squads” against “slackers, traitors and defeatists.” There im pends a reign of terror, mild or harsh as the case demands. Whether this campaign will be effective is another question. It may serve for a time for men’s lips can be sealed and their bodies driven by armed ruffians set upon them But minds cannot be numbed, spirits canno be uplifted, nor can hearts be won to « tottering cause by fear of punishment o: death. The only adequate solution to Musso lini’s problem is success. How success is to be attained is a questioi to engage not only the Duce but Hitler. Mus solini may not want German help, though i it is a choice between his regime and Italiai concern over possible Nazi domination he wil put Fascism first. If he hesitates, however Hitler will take whatever steps the situatioi requires. He cannot afford to have Italy coi lapse by his side. It remains to be seen i he is still strong enough to prevent it. Simpson Points The Way Wilmington’s No. 1 problem was enlighten ingly explained by Lieut.-Col. L. L. Simpson, construction quartermaster at Fort Bragg, at a joint meeting of civic clubs yesterday, and the solution left squarely up to the people themselves^ He cited the fact that 10,000 workmen will be employed on construction at Holly Ridge, averaging $5 a day wages. Their weekly pay roll wiU be all of $300,000. When their job is done and the soldiers move in, Holly Ridge will have a military payroll of at lest $600, 000 a month. Much of this money inevitably will seek an outlet in Wilmington. “Wilmington can sit back and let the whole situation bog down,” said Colonel Simpson, “or get on the job now and be prepared not only to take advantage of this spending power but to provide the service it merits.” What’s to be done? Stores should expand in time. If they do not, the colonel assured his hearers there will be plenty of outsiders ready to descend on the city to reap the harvest, which rightly should move through our es tablished trading channels. Proper recreation facilities for-the soldiers must come, not as an after-thought, but well in advance. Colonel Simpson recommended a recreation center, near the business district, within easy reach of stores and theaters, which should be homey in its every appoint ment, with a hostess always on duty to lend a good moral tone, and plenty of conveniences for at least 300 boys at a time. Lacking this, he foresaw the soldiers turning to dives or piccolo joints and losing morale, even culti vating disgust for the city. Furthermore, ne dwell on me necessity 101 adequate parking space and ample highway facilities both between the Holly Ridge post and to the beach resorts. While his address had to do largely with the task confronting the people of Wilmington, it was impossible to dodge the fact that the city and the county administrations are equal ly involved in solving the problem. An ade quate police force must be created, and here again he emphasized the importance of speed. If more officers are needed they should be taken on now, and trained to their job before the crush comes. The city and county have an opportunity to provide the recreation center and get actively at work in promoting the highway improve ments that must be undertaken. Even now the road to Holly Ridge is bearing too heavy a traffic load. What will it be when the proj ect is in full swing? Certainly the shoulders now being added to a part of the highway will not meet the need. When summer comes and the beach season opens, what is to be done to prevent traffic blockades between the city and Wrightsville and Carolina? That question must have an answer promptly. Without full treasuries both the city and the county will have to seek additional funds through the issuance of bonds. It is suggested that issuance of $1,000,000 in bonds would be advisable, not with the thought of spending it all now, but of creating a reserve which would be available for immediate conversion into money when additional needs arose. All the excess, above the immediate need could be held in the treasury and would cost the taxpayers nothing until it was marketed. There is a strong sentiment growing up in favor of such an undertaking, and it is be lieved by a large number of progressive Wil mingtonians that a bond proposal of this size and for this purpose would have the necessary support at the polls. The chief impression carried away by most of Colonel Simpson’s hearers was the im mediacy of the need for a community pro gram. The seed he sowed may be expected to take root, grow and bear fruit in the near future. School Projects It is with a feeling of deep gratification that Wilmingtonians learn of the county com mission’s action in making funds available for continuance of work on three public school projects. Work on school improvements had been suspended for some days. The county commission’s action will make it possible to proceed with work on the Wrightsboro addition, which is nearing com pletion, on the high school gymnasium and the vocational building. The necessary funds will be transferred from instructional service to capital outlay in the supplementary budget. Thus three undertakings of prime impor tance in the county school system will be carried forward to the definite benefit of the pupils. The commissioners show a clear under standing of the situation and of their op portunity to help in an emergency which cannot fail to win the grateful approval oi their constituances. I . Political Minorities Weaken Publication of the final official returns o'. last November’s election is interesting chieflj because it shows how the . various minor par ties fared. Unofficial figures brought us, with in a few hours after the polls closed, i ■ roughly accurate picture of the huge total o: ballots cast and the proportions of Presiden i Roosevelt’s victory. But the minor party total; ■ were not tabulated in the unofficial lists an< t it is not until now that they are available ii i full. 1 What strikes one at once is the extremel; . poor showing made generally by the mino: i political groups. The Socialist party receive( - only 116,796 out of the 50,000,000 cast, th< f lowest total received by that party since i [first went on the ballot 40 years ago. Th Communist party fared equally badly with a total of only *8,789 votes, not much more than half of their ballot strength four years ago. Only the Prohibition party, with 58,600 votes, made any sizeable gain and it was still far below its 81,869 total in 1932. This decline of the minority parties maj be traced partly to the unwillingness of Ameri cans to throw away their votes in an election as hotly contested as the one we have just passed through and partly to the growing aversion to alien isms and radical doctrines. But it is significant chiefly as proof of the continuing vigor and health of the traditional two-party system. We are farther away today from the danger of falling into the chaos oi the multi-party system which was largely responsible for the degeneration of French democracy. Nor are we any closer to the one-party system, which is the Fascist alternative. Wen dell Willkie’s 22,327,326 votes formed the high est total ever received by a Republican candi date; the election itself was the closest in terms of popular votes since 1916. That alone goes a long way toward assuring the continued vitality of the American political system in the crucial years ahead. WASHINGTON DAYBOOK BY JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON, Dec. 17.—Buried in the dis patches from Greece the other day was an item that Dodecanese Islanders residing in Greece were organizing an expedition to expel the Italians from the Aegean. Washington observers who noticed it go1 ready to write another chapter in one of the most tangled tales in history—the story of the Dodecanese. These islands (that’s what the name means) are sometimes referred to as the “The Rose of the Aegean and her 11 sisters.” The island of roses is Rhodes, largest of the group, which stretches almost like a break water off the southern Aegean coast of Turkey. The others are Astypalaia, Calymnos, Car pathos, for which the Carpathian sea is named; Casos, Cahlki, Cos, the homeland of Hippocrates, the father of medicine; Nisyros, Patmos, where St. John the Apostle is believed to1 have written the book of Revelations. Symi and Telos. There actually is a thirteenth, but it is no more than an islet and generally is considered a part of Leros. * * * PEOPLE ALWAYS GREEK The history of the islands is long and com plicated, stretching back into the mists of Greek mythology. The Dorian and Persian in vasions; the wars with the Greek city states; the struggles against Rome; the centuries of Turkish domination; the Italian occupation in 1912 all are there, but the people always have remained Greek. Although it is no more than a pebble-flip to the Turkish mainland, the islanders still refer to their neighbors as “the men of over there” as if they were folk of an other hemisphere. Periodically the inhabitants — fishermen, shepherds, farmers, traders and sailors—have found their islands over-populated and have set up their “home from home” in many parts of the world—in the United States and the Ar gentine, in Egypt, Australia and Greece. In 1912 the Italians “liberated” the Dodeca nese from the Turks. The people at first re joiced but soon found they were not enjoying the self-rule they had expected. In the secret treaty of April, 1915, Great Britain promised Italy (as part payment for coming into the war) that when peace was made, the Dodecanese would be hers to have and hold. The group that gathered at Ver sailles had other ideas. Among these was the delegation from the United States, and in May 1920, the Senate passed a resolution “That it is the sense of the Senate that ... the twelve islands of the Aegean . . . should be awarded by the peace conference to Greece.” * * * ISLANDS NEVER RETURNED Italy finally agreed, and a later treaty with Greece stipulated that after a year 11 of the islands would be returned and 15 years later Rhodes would be given back “provided Eng land returns Cyprus to Greece.” Before the year was up, however, there was a change of Italian administration and not only were the islands never returned, but the Italians heaped on the Dodecanese an unfor gettable insult. They expelled from his Greek Orthodox see the archbishop of Rhodes, which even the Moslem Turks had considerd too drastic to be attempted. Italy has held the Dodecanese ever since. With Great Britain occupying the fortifying Crete, which overshadows the islands on the west, they are not at present important from a standpoint of military strategy. For tlial reason, if for no other, an expeditionary force might have no great difficulty in expelling the Italians and once more bring home to Greece the Rose^of the Aegean and her 11 sisters. ] Quotations After this war is over, I see the people turn ing to the land. —Henry Ford, motor manu facturer. * * « The Russians are bold, enterprising, in ventive, and shockingly unpunctual and un tidy. —H. G. Wells, lecturing British novelist * * * A year ago the manufacture of munition! hardly existed in the United States . . . thi charge can never be made that entry int< any war was occasioned by the selfishness o: munitions-makers. —Irving S. Olds, chairman U. S. Steel Corp. * * * The war is bound to alter American life outlook, and institutions more than we cai l possibly predict. —Prof. James Grafton Rog i ers, Yale University Law School. * * * An idle army has always been a menace ti dictators. —Admiral Yates Sterling, U. S. N. ' retired. I at * * , Conciliation, mediation, and voluntary ar ’ bitration are the marks of civilization. The; are the enemies of distrust and force. —E ! McGrady, labor conciliator Dear Santa— AtiP A GOwWi kick II PAAns fovfflz H irtfR 1 ■ mussol^v scam*L W The Editor’s Letter Box The editor does not necessarily endorse any article appearing in this department. They represent the views of the individual readers. Cor respondents are warned that all communications must contain the correct name and address for our records, though the latter may be signed as the writer sees fit The Star-News reserves the right to alter any text that for any reason is ob jectionable. Letters on controversial subjects will not be published. SUNDAY MOVIES To the Star: After due consideration I most heartily believe that we should have Sunday movies in the city of Wilmington. As we all know, Wil mington was one of the largest cities in the state a few years back. But due to the location, we can readily understand why it isn’t at this time. In other words, and getting to the point, Wilming ton is right at the end of the line, and the people who are trans ferred here from other parts of the state are rather dissatisfied be cause of the lack of entertainment in the winter. We want Wilming ton to be a large progressive city, one which everyone will admire— why shouldn’t it be. We have a very nice port here and also two very exquisite beaches. But what entertainment is the. e in the win ter? Some people will say that Sun day movies are not the right thing, and that they will not allow their children to go to them on Sunday. But why not, what is more harm ful than going to the beaches on Sunday where there is drinking, gambling, and jitterbugging. Lets have Sunday movies here. Other large cities do. At least they will afford the outsiders who come to our beautiful port city an edu cational Sunday recreation. We are living in a day of today and I sincerely believe that if it was put to a vote, the Wilmingtonians would unanimously vote for it. If we can not have them in the summer, why not have them in the winter when there is nothing else to do. The proceeds could go to any charitable organization and would help the progress of Wil mington rather than lowering it. This need not interfere with any church services as there could be one attraction in the afternoon and another at night after church. A FREQUENT PATRON. SOUTHPORT’S PROSPECTS To the Star: It is very much in accord with the sense of appreciation and views of the City of Southport, Bruns wick County Chamber of Commerce and the citizens of Southport, in general, that we write you express ing thanks for the editorial under the caption of “Southport’s Advan tages’ in the issue of Sunday, De cember 15th. In our opinion the editorial was ’ both timely and extremely sensible. At Southport there lies meritorious advantages for either the Army or Navy, especially for the Navy. To i *ake advantage of what is . presented here wiil leave a great many North Carolina people in the firm belief that much of the Nation > al Defense work baa purely political background. Recently Mayor Thomas E. Cooper of Wilmington came out with a . statement warning against boom r undertakings, some of which are 1 bound to result as a result of Army and Navy activities, and some ol Man About Manhattan By GEORGE TUCKER NEW YORK, Dec. 16.—I never walk on Ann street without think ing of Billy the Kid and .wondering what sort of grin he must wear, if shades wear grins, when he thinks of the halo they have put on his head and the glamour they have added to his name. In stories and legend and in the films Billy was a 17-year-old hero who shot up the West, glamorized the border bandit era of our civi lization and finally died as he had lived, by the sword. Actually, he was a hoodlum and a criminal of the worst type, a product of the alleys and back streets of lower Manhattan, and he killed his first man on an East River fishing barge. He grew up in .the vicinity of the Fulton Street fish market, and it was there that he toook his first step in capital crime. There was an oyster fisherman who docked at the Fulton Street market wharves every two or three days. One night the Kid sneaked aboard, and when the barge was safely out in the river, heading to ward Hellgate, he picked up a lead pipe and battered the oysterman’s head into a bloody pulp. * * * He fled west then to escape the gallows, but his name was already on the police register for minor crimes, and his picture is still in Rogues Gallery. • • • Well, the Kid has travelled quite a distance since then. Plays, books, musical compositions, and at least one super western-talkie, starring John Mack Brown, have been based on his career. Unlike An tony’s cry to the Romans over the body of Caesar, the evil that men do does not always live after them, the good is not always in terred with their bones. The Kid’s crimes are mostly forgotten, bur ied in the yellow pages of the po lice blotters. You think of him only as a handsome, juvenile Rob in Hood who left his mark on the old west. This week in Hollywood the elgend will take two new steps which will fall flat a few years from now. In this connection it may be re called that back during the first World war numerous Army camps sprang up in various sections, and great hopes were built around them. In a few years they faded away, only Fort Bragg at Fayetteville re maining. Should Southport come in for the Navy actions that we now have every reason to hope for. Both Wil mington and Southport people may safely believe they have something permanent and lasting. Something that will, in the course of a few years, make almost one great city from the mouth of the Cape Fear river to above the eastern and nort ern limits of the City of Wilming ton. Navy activity at Southport is something that all Wilmington can advocate and work for as a real thing that will mean as much to Wilmington as it will to Southport preparedness measure and as some and Brunswick county! Repeating the general thanks ol our people, we are Yours very truly W. B. KEZIAH, Executive Secretary Brunswick County Chamber of Commerce forward. Two different studios be gin new pictures, based on the life of Billy the Kid. They will have him handsome, courteous to women, and the epi tome of gallantry. I will bet you the price of a movie ticket that neither mentions Ann street, or the lead pipe episode that took place on a fisherman’s barge in East River. • • • That huge red flower Jane Fro man wears on the stage is an arthurium. Sounds like baby talk, but it’s very pretty. . . . Recom mended for your album of moun taineer tunes—the Sky Blue boys singing “The East Bound Train,” also “Father, Dear Father, Come Home With Me Now.” . . . This department is a pushover for hill billy songs of the tear-jerker sort —the cornier the better. . . Joe Cook can’t skate, yet he is the star of Broadway’s largest musical comedy, “It Happens on Ice.” . . Everybody but Joe is a Sonja Hen ie snowflake. . . Frank Glazer, the noted concert pianist, thinks boo gie-woogie is the most important contribution to music in ten years. • . . The old Hammerstein, which in turn was a Ziegfeld garden and Tucker And Students Kill Seven Squirrels In 15-Minute Period SOUTHPORT, Dec. 17.—Prof. Glenn Tucker of the Bolivia school tells an interesting hunting ex perience the first of the week. He and two of his students, Mut Maultsby and Raymond Gilbert, killed seven quirrels in 15 minutes. The interesting part is that Maultsby saw a couple of squirrels scampering up a tree at the same time. He aimed at one and killed both with one shot while they were running. 5 Flight Instructor And Student Pilot Killed PENSACOLA, Fla., Dec. 17.—(jP) —A flight Instructor and a student pilot were killed when a training sea plane dived into Pensacola Bay from a low altitude, the naval air station reported late today. The men were listed as Ensign Clarence M. Dannelly, Jr., of Mont gomery, Ala., the instructor, and Max Frederick Lettau of Manches ter, Mass., aviation machinist’s mate second class. The accident occurred while the pair, together with instructor and students in several other planes, were practicing water landings. The ship came' down pontoons up and shortly afterward sank in 30 feet of water. MORGAN RESIGNS NEW YORK, Dec. 17—(-P)—Res ignation of William Fellowes Mor gan, Sr., 80, as president of the church pension fund of the Protes tan Episcopal church, was an nounced today and Bishop Cam eron J. Davis of Buffalo, N. Y., was named as- his successor. The board of trustees also chose Bishop Benjamin M. Washburn of Newark, N. J., as a vice president. In 1918, England’s national war ex penditure amounted to 335,000,000 a day. rair enough ions expressed in this srtPl?' are those of the author may not always harm™ * with its position.-The E£' BY WESTBROOK PEGLEB NEW YORK. Dec. 17 “ what do you know about S Mrs. R., the lady who gjf9* much about the practical eel ic problems of the dirt-poor a* ican working stiff, has discoZ that a man with a wife anrte1 children dependent on him “* unable to go to work as an eU* cian on a defense job at 7 Meade, Md., because he coul^'I dig up $300 for his initiation^1 the electricians’ union. Mr, l" learned about this one day' ia„ week in a congressional hears on interstate migration of destitm* families. ■“* Asked “What is your thoM, about that?” Mrs. Roosevelt she did not believe a man Woaj be kept out of work, where the!, was work, just because of a unless there was a racket g01rj on. She also wanted to know wheth er this was an A. F. of L nr ! C. I. O. union. ’ 1 Well, now gather closely, anii , will give you a fill-in which mish enlighten also the members of me committee who seemed very blur ry on the subject for men vh! ought to know the simple fact, of life under union rule. Characteristic Just off-hand and without calling up anybody, I will take a chant! on saying that this was an A, F, ox L. union and not a C. I, o' because this practice is charac teristic of the job-thrust union* of the A. F. of L. which have been known to boost the ante tj $3,000 in one of the locals of gang, ster George Browne, the hoodlums fifth column in the executive corn cil. And the electricians’ union n! the A. F. of L. is one of the worst offenders, even in region* where its officials are not racke teers, In Chicago the administra tion of this union is notoriously crooked, but we will hang that particular item on the G. A. T hook, meaning good any time, and get back to our subject. I don’t quite know how to un tangle Mrs. Roosevelt’s remark that she didn’t believe a man could be kept out of work, where there was work, just because o! a fee, unless there was a racket going on. Because men are kept out of work where there is work,, just because of fees, by unions of the A. F. of L., and this has been going on for years, and the suggestion that it is a racket is furiously resented by the unioneers thereof. Although this obviously is a racket, Mrs. R. had better be careful what she says. j Why, in Jersey, last week, a fellow applied for legal adoption by his wife’s parents so that he could become technically eligible for membership in the local elec tricians’ union, because preference was given to the sons of members, and his father-in-law was a mem ber. I checked this with the judge, and he said, yes, that was right all right. The judge turned the fellow down, so the best he can hope for is that he may become a member-in-law. uue ui iuuu And, oh, yes; did it ever occur to you that the Hon. Mary Norton, the chairman of the house coni' mittee on labor, who has been getting a big play as a friend of the working stiff for years and years, is one of Frank Hague s political mob, and that in the state which she had the honor to repre sent the A. F. of L. is an important part of Hague’s machine. The A. F. of L. in Jersey is more properly a gang than a labor organization, and the Hon. Mrs. Norton receive! her labor support from some of the worst unioneers in the movement. I don’t eee how Mrs. Roosevc. can have failed to observe in he travels that in practically all li the cantonment jobs the A. T. °* L. keeps sentries astride the roads leading up to the works to shaK down thousands of American zens, and has extorted, in all, fl its many locals, a fabulous amour* of graft the total of which we "! never know, however, because t graft has come to be regarded a a vested right, and the America citizen as the proper, leginrna victim of the racket. Maybe » Roosevelt listens too much to t pleasant conversation of Pe°P, who agree with her, for. say '' ’ you will, there is a sort of B« comes-the-queen atmosphere a - her visits. . t __™npression« committee, or some other on, likely to be authorized to tnte> gate union practices, and in5 a helpful suggestion. I would P pose that they call on UmbrJ Mike Boyle, the ex-convict ra teer boss of the electricians Chicago; Joe Fay, the derte;'T1''l or hoodlum who belted out Dubinsky at New Orleans: ^ ster Browne; Joe Padway, ^ general counsel of the A. F. 0 who represents two big iimons are crawling wtih crooks; Dewey and Tom Courtney, .. prosecutors in New York ana ^ ^ cago, respectively; and a 0 ^ the poor, desperate workers have been writing me abou persecution by unions. . , Then they will hear some * > about fees and racket*. AIR RAID ALARM ? BASEL, Switzerland, Dee. !<■ —An air raid alarm sounded '-oa over Alsace and Baden but 1,0 were heard Immediately on 1 he side of the frontier.