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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 21, 1940, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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f^ved By Leased Wire Of The Dedicated To The Progress Of
associated pbess wilmihgtom
With Complete Coverage of And Southeastern North
j Slate and National News Carolina
Defense Council Takes
Steps To List Housing
F or Army Base Workers
The Wilmington Defense
council yesterday took steps to
house the thousands of Work
men and officers and soldiers
who are arriving daily during
the construction of the Wil
mington anti-aircraft firing
center at Holly Ridge.
Through the Homes For Rent
committee, composed of W. M.
Hewlett, Chairman, K. B. Mar
shall and R. C. Cantwell II,
a plan was inaugurated to se
cure a list of every available
room within a radius of 35
miles of Wilmington and at
Carolina Beach and Southport,
how many people each room
will accomodate, the price of
the room by the day, week or
month and whether meals are
available at that place.
The plan was inaugurated af
ter a conference with R. B.
Page, chairman of the council.
Elsewhere in this issue will
be found a coupon which every
person with available housing,
living within a radius of Wil
mington, in a territory includ
ing Southport, Carolina Beach
and other communities, is ask
ed to fill out and mail to the
House-to-Rent Committee, Wil
mington Defense Council, at
Postoffice Box 698.
From these coupons will be
gained information as to whom
a workman may see to rent
a room or rooms, whether they
are furnished, the number of
people who can be cared for
there, the location of the
rooms, the rent by the day,
week and month, whether
meals are available there and
the price of meals in any com
bination by the day, week or
month, and whether white or
negro tenants are accepted.
From these coupons three
cards will be made out, bear
ing all of this information. One
copy will be kept in the com
mittee’s headquarters; another
will be filed with the North
Carolina State Employment
Service office here and the
(Continued on Page Four, Col. 5)
Body Charged
With Boosting
Arms Output
William S. Knudsen Asked
To Serve As Director Of
New Organization
Three Subdivisions Will
Handle Materials, Pur
chasing, Priorities
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.—(£1—
President Roosevelt designated two
of his defense commissioners and
his War and Navy secretaries to
day as a new high command
charged with the momentous job of
stimulating America to greater
arms production.
He asked William S. Knudsen,
now industrial production boss of
the defense commission, to serve
as director of a new organisation—
an office for production manage
ment for defense. That office, he
explained, will be created by au
thority of the government reor
ganization act of 1939. _
HUiman Also nsraco
Sidney Hilman, in charge of
labor problems for the defense
commission, will be assistant di
rector, and secretaries Stimson and
Knox will be the other members.
Three subdivisions, Mr. Roose
velt told reporters, will handle pro
duction of raw materials, defense
purchasing and priorities on de
liveries of war supplies.
The decision to create the new
office followed repeated declaia
tions—by Knudsen, among others—
that the defense program was be
hind schedule.
There had beer frequent de
mands, too, that the President ap
point a chairman of the defense
commission or select some o ie
individual to head the enorrftous
program for obtaining war equip
But the chief executive, who
called in reporters to explain the
new arrangement, asserted today
it was impossible to find one Czar,
Poohbah or Akhoond of Swat to
take over the task. That, he ex
plained, resulted from the fact that
in every process of production
three elements were involved—
labor, management and the buy
In the new office, he explained,
Knudsen will represent manage
ment, Hillman labor, and Knox
(Continued on Page Four, Col. 5)
Minister Of Shipping Bids
For Axis Vessels Now
In U. S. Harbors
LONDON, Dec. 20—(^—Brit
ain’s young minister of shipping,
Ronald Cross, made a frank bid to
day for Axis ships now in Ameri
can harbors and for vessels from
“the existing ordinary services’*
of the United States.
In an interview with the Ameri
can press, the sharp-faced, 44
year-old Cross said that supplies of
(Continued on Page Four, Col. 6)
Vessels Make
Heavy Attack
Upon Valona
Are Not Challenged By Sin
gle Italian Fighting Ship
DuringThe Foray
British Carry Out Import
ant Maneuver In Two
Coordinated Fleets
LONDON, Dec. 20.—UR—British
warships entering through the 50
mile-wide strait of Otranto off the
southeastern Italian coast have
swept the lower Adriatic without
being challenged by a single Ital
ian fighting ship or encountering
a single Italian commercial ves
sel, the admiralty declared today.
This foray, said unofficially to
indicate that the Fascists had been
run to cover in the lower Adriatic
as well as the Mediterranean and
put in great peril in Albania, was
rounded off in a heavy assault by
a separate force of battleships on
the vital Italian supply port of Va
lona in southern Albania.
No Opposition
In the bombardment, the admir
alty said, nearly a hundred tons of
high explosive shells were hurled
at the port and in the whole oper
ation “no opposition from the en
emy was encountered.”
The admiralty’s communique,
which was characteristically spar
ing of language, did not mention
the damage to Valona, but other
British sources pointed out that
such a heavy shelling could make
rubble of the port facilities.
The naval correspondent of the
authoritative British Press associ
ation observed without amplifica
“It would seem that the Italians,
driven from Taranto (a major base
in the instep of the Italian boot)
and hounded again by the Royal
Air force at Naples, have sought
fresh bases where they hope their
fleet will keep out of the way of
the (British) Mediterranean fleet.
“With the Adriatic sea now open
to us, important developments may
be expected.”
The British maneuver, as the
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 7)
I -
To Determine If Naturali
zation Process Used To
Bolster Membership
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.—(B—At
torney General Jackson ordered an
investigation today to determine
whether the naturalization process
might have been used to bolster
the German-Americ in bund mem
The immigration and naturaliza
tion service was told to examine
an alleged bund ir-amberr’ -'p list
seized yesterday by Chicago po
lice, to determine whether it con
tained names of newly enrolled
Appearance in the bund of per
sons only recently naturalized,jus
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 2)
11 yiay Become Envoy
Is Regarded As Most Like
ly Choice For The Brit
ish Ambassadorship
LONDON. Dec. 21.(Saturday)—
j—The authoritative British Press
association's parliamentary corre
spondent said early today that
Lord Halifax now w-s regarded
as the most likely choice for the
British ambassadorship in Wash
An official announcement was
expected shortly, he said.
The Daily Mail declared Lord
Halifax's name already had been
submitted to President Roosevelt
for approval as the successor to
tie late Lord Lothian.
Halifax, foreign minister under
aoth the late Neville Chamberlain
and Winston Churchill, will be suc
ceeded in that post by War Min
ister Anthony Eden, the paper
Lord Halifax has been repeated
ly attacked in some sections of
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 3)
N. C. Supreme Court Hands
Down Two Opinions Re
garding Tax Standing
RALEIGH, Dec. 20.—(5)—The tax
siatus of property owned by char
fable, religious and benevolent or
ganizations was clarified today in
™° opinions by the North Carolina
supreme court, which disposed of
23 cases including an appeal from
a death sentence imposed in Robe
*°? county on George A. Johnson.
1,3 the tax appeals, both from
Guilfom county, the court held that
1 building of the Piedmont Me
morial Hospital, Inc,, was taxable,
,ce is a private hospital and
also since the first two floors of
®c building are rented to stores
and physicians.
That part of the building which
s used exclusively for charitable
purposes, the opinion said, would
e exempt from taxation,
the other tax case involved the
1 estion of whether a lot held by
'first Baptist church of Greens
ro was subject to a levy. The
J^tinued on Page Six, Col. 6)
I Nazis May Have Decided
To Give Italy Real Help
“oRLIN, Dec. 20—OP)— Enough
Ita'r nCC concern over stumbling
q lan military operations in
tJjece and ^rica appeared here
v,ght tc give some support to
i-rt‘I heard «Ports that Germany
l("s aijecided to crutch UP her ail
news of actual military
jj0,r"' could not be reported even
n°'vP- Bui occasional chuckles
ij, t heard over Italian reverses
■ recce were reported in strict
Pear I3*6 a-'.arters to have disap
fotced Slnce the British naval an
on aunohed its smashing attack
grit: eh Itallan navy at Taranto and
stl forces compelled a some
what precipitous withdrawal of
fascist forces from North Africa.
(An informed Rome source con
firmed today a report that German
transport planes are carrying Ital
ian troops to Albania and said Ital
ian-flown Stuka dive-bombers are
in Italian service.)
For the past several days va
rious Berlin papers have carried
lead articles emphasizing that the
Italian reverses merely are casual
instances in the course of a war
which has gone steadily in favor
of the reich from the beginning.
Semi-official German news agen
cies assert that, contrary to for
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 3)
F. D. R. Presents Collier Trophy
Everyone enjoys a hearty laugh as President Roosevelt awards the
Collier Trophy, given each year for outstanding aeronautical work. This
year, 15 U. S. air lines share the award for safety record of last year. Left
to right, standing: I)r. W. Bootbby, I). VV. Lovelace, and Capt. Ann
strong, honored for developing the aerial oxygen mask.
British Surround Bardia
And Plan Final Assault
- M
English Batteries Shell The
Port’s Defenses; RAF
Bombs Garrison
CAIRO, Dec. 20.—UP)—1The Bri
ish army of the Nile had com
pletely surrounded Bardia tonight
and was moving up reinforcements
for a final assault on the Libyan
Trapped within the city were an
estimated 20,000 Italians behind a
17-mile perimeter of concrete pill
boxes, artillery batteries, machine
gun nests and .tank pits.
British advance forces were re
ported to be engaged in a fierce
struggle with the Italians, who
were pouring heavy artillery shells
on the enemy’s slowly advancing
tank and motorized units.
Resembles siege
The encirclement of Bardia re
sembled a siege, with British bat
teries firmly established at all
points around the town shelling its
defenses almost continuously,
while the RAF fliers bombed the
garrison repeatedly and warships
pounded away at the waterfront.
Other British forces mopping up
in the desert area fought to oust
an Italian garrison from the Oasis
of Giarabub, 130 miles due south
of the coast and about 20 miles
west of the Egyptian frontier.
Tough colonial cavalrymen from
Australia engaged the Italians
near the oasis for three days, it
was revealed, taking some pris
oners and equipment.
The rest of the Italians escaped,
holed up and tonight were report
ed still holding out against heavy
British pressure.
The oasis contains buildings and
monuments sacred to the Senussi
sect and the British were said to
have refrained from bombing the
place for this reason.
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 6)
North Carolina—Partly clouCy Satur
day preceded by light rain alonff the
coast slightly cooler north and west
portions; Sunday generally fair.
(By U. S. Weather Bureau)
(Meterological data for the 24 hours
ending 7:30 p. m. yesterday).
1-30 a. m. 50; 7:30 a. m. 49; 1:30 p.
m 55; 7:30 p. m. 56; maximum 56;
minimum 84; mean 52; normal 48.
1-30 a. m. 89; 7:30 a. m. 94; 1:30 p.
m. 91; 7:30 p. m. 95
Total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.
0 32 inches; total since first of the
month 0.75 inches.
Tides For Today
(From Tide Tables published by U.
S. Coast and Geodetic Survey).. ^
Wilmington --**& ^ Ja
Masonboro Inlet-12:17a 6:32a
Sunrise 7:14a; sunset 5:07p; moon
rise -; moonset 11:53a.
River stage at Fayetteville, N. C.,
’ at 8 a. m., December 18, 11.5 feet.
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 2)
Nogues, Scapini To
Confer With Petmn
VICHY, France, Dec. 20—UP)
—General Auguste Nogues,
governor of France’s north Af
rican colonies, and Georges
Scapini, blind deputy who has
been negotiating for the release
of French war prisoners ar
rived here tonight for confer
ences with Chief of State Phil
lipe Petain.
Nogues flew here from Mo
rocco, after the old marshal
spent the day in long and
earnest talks with members of
hisc abinet in an effort to put
German-French relations back
on their feet.
(Most of this dispatch was
stopped by censor.)
Farmers-Civic Business Co
operative Asks Funds
For Truck Markets
New Hanover county citizens met
in the superior courtroom last night
with their representatives to sug
gest legislation for enactment at
the 1941 general assembly.
From the Farmers-Civic Busi
ness Cooperative association came
a request for an appropriation for
the state department of agricul
ture for the erection of wholesale
truck markets over the 'tate and
for an appropriation for a soil re
search laboratory with which to
continue the work now being done
out of a vegetable research fund
at a laboratory in New Hanover
Another request was for legisla
tion which would enable the county
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 5)
Greek Troops
Take Several
Fascist Posts
Athens’ Men Advance In
Mountains Behind Tepel
eni And Klisura
RAF Bombers Attack Im
portant Port Of Valona
And Krionero Section
ATHENS, Dec. 20.—W)—Italian
positions in the mountains behind
Tepeleni and Klisura were report
ed falling “one after another” to
bayonet-charging Greeks today and
a general Fascist retreat from the
entire sector was declared immi
The Greeks said their troops
were proceeding methodically in
cleaning up Italian resistance in
these remaining outposts before
making any attempt to occupy the
two towns, which guard an im
portant highway leading into east
ern Albania. Artillery hauled into
mountain emplacements through
waist-deep snow was said to be
continually pounding the Fascists.
Vaiona Blasted
With another Greek force bat
tling up the Adriatic coast toward
Chimara, the RAF command an
nounced its bombers again blasted
Vaiona, Italian port of entry farth
er up the coast. Military barracks,
a gasoline dump and a transport
park were declared reduced to
flaming ruins.
Coupled with this raid, carried
out yesterday, the British reported
another squadron raided the Kri
onero area, scoring direct hits and
starting fires among numerous
(The British admiralty an
nounced in London that British
warships stole up to the Albanian
coast Wednesday night and
pumped nearly 100 tons of shells
into Vaiona, second only to the
Italians’ chief port of debarkation
at Durazzo.)
Snowstorms Rage
On the northern front, where six
days of raging snowstorms have
put a crimp in operations, the
Greeks said the Fascists attempt
ed counter-attacks, only to be re
pulsed with the loss of more of
Premier Mussolini’s men and war
The Greek high command said
a lieutenant-colonel was among the
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 7)
Three Persons Injured, And
Houses Damaged By Ex
plosives Near Dublin
DUBLIN, Dec. 10.—iff)—Two
bombs from a single unidentified
raiding plane fell within seven
miles of neutral, brilliantly lighted
Dublin tonight, injuring three per
sons and damaging several houses
in the suburb of Dun Laoghair
(formerly Kingstown.)
(Continued on Page Four, Col. 6)
Severance Floated Here;
Final Survey Is Planned
The Severance, 3,635-ton steamer
that sank by the bow November 23
at the entrance to the Cape Fear
river highway bridge, was floated
and removed at 2:30 o’clock yester
day afternoon to the Champion Com
press warehouse terminal docks.
C. D. Maffitt, local agent for the
vessel and wrecking company, said
a final survey of the ship would be
made relative to the disposition of
the cargo of sulphur remaining on
The vessel has a dry load in the
No. 4 and 5 holds and a wet cargo
in No. 1, 2, and 3, holds and dispo
sition of the ship and cargo will
await the recommendations of the
final survey, lie said.
Maffitt said the moment the Sev
erance was floated and removed
from the entrance to the drawbridge
the TJ. S. army engineers, the Ethyl
Dow Chemical company, and R. M.
Williams, marine representative of
the Cape Fear Terminal company,
were notified that the channel was
The first pump was started at 11
o’clock yesterday morning, others
at 12 and 1 o’clock, and all four
pumps were going at 1:30 o’clock
yesterday afternoon. The' vessel was
afloat at 2:30 and left at 2:50 o’clock
under convoy to the Champion Com
press warehouse terminal docks.
Stone tug No. 6 and the tug Blanche
The Severance was termed sea
worthy on Friday, December 13, but
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 1).
First Payday Scheduled
At Army Center Today
_____k -
*Defense Lag* Probe
Is Asked By Dirksen
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.—(If)
—Representative Dirksen (R
Hl) said in a sharply-worded
statement today that the new
congress should select a joint
senate-house committee to in
vestigate the national “defense
lag” and “see what’s wrong.”
Asserting that the “bogging
down and utter confusion”
needed strong language and
''Stronger action, Dirksen, house
appropriations committeeman
“If there be any doubt about
the confusion, bewilderment,
chaos, misdirection, discord
ance, inefficaciousness and
mysticism which now besets
this program one need only
visit the defense establish
ments in Washington and get
an indelible picture of ram
pant confusion.” 1
Two Of Office Buildings
Occupied; TideWater
Pushes Power Line
Today will be the first pay day for
workers on the Wilmington Anti-Air
craft Firing Center at Holly Ridge,
with approximately 300 persons to re
ceive their pay for the initial week’s
After today, however, there will be
a payday every day, with about one
sixth of the workers being paid each
Contractors and other employers in
the construction of the camp plan to
do their banking in Wilmington in
the paying of workers.
REACHES $1,200
Holders Of Tickets May Get
Gifts For Children At
Armory Tuesday
With plans going forward for
the distribution of packages to sev
eral thousand boys and girls in
this section, the Star-News Empty
Stocking fund reached $1,200.98 last
The sponsors announce 1 that
holders of tickets may secure
the packages for their chil
dren at the Cape Fear Artil
lery Armory at 814 Market
street, between 8 a. m., and
4 p. m., Tuesday, December
, 24. No packages will be tfls
tributed from the basement of
the postoffice as formerly an
There were 21 contributions yes
terday as the fund began to grow
more rapidly than previously. How
(Continued on Page Four, Col. 4)
British naval raiding deep into
the Adriatic, Italy’s private sea,
chalks up another score against II
Duce Mussolini’s shaken, if not
tottering, fascist regime. It re
flects sharply soaring British hopes
of knocking Italy out of the war
before the struggle between Ger
many and Britain enters its de
cisive phase.
That raid means that the Italian
army in Albania, probably greater
in size than the shattered Fascist
force in Libya, is in deadly peril.
Its vital southern defensive flank
ashore is already crumpling under
Greed mauling, now helped by the
British naval attack; and its life
line to Italy is factured.
Risked Warships
The British risked battleships in
the Adriatic raid. That is the signi
ficant fact about the action. Light
British naval forces have stabbed
before through the narrow straits
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 5)
Force Busy
A working force of about 300 men
was busy at Holly Ridge yesterday
getting the site of the firing center
ready for the starting of construction
on army buildings next week.
Work on grading the camp site
and erecting temporary office build
ings continued steadily despite a con
stant drizzle. Equipment and build
ing materials continued to roll in
every hour, with 13,500 feet of lum
ber arriving on one truck.
A. L. Haddock, representative of
the contractors, said last night that
two of the office buildings have been
completed and are now occupied.
Others, including several between
Holly Ridge and Folkstone, were go
ing up yesterday.
A1 Jones, general manager of the
Tide Water Power company, said
that poles have been set up to within
three miles of Holly Ridge and that
they expect to have the power lines
up ahead of schedule — probably
Tuesday night.
The Tide Water is putting up a
power line between Hampstead and
Holly Ridge, a distance of about 12
and one-half miles.
Patrol Building
Work also continued yesterday on
a bu'lding at Holly Ridge to house
four state highway patrolmen, as
signed there for duty, and on a num
ber of private business structures.
The Atlantic Coast Line railroad is
also busy engaged in constructing
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 4)
Germans Give Liverpool
Worst Pounding Of War
LONDON, Dec. 21.—(Saturday)
—(#)—Germany’s Luftwaffe fury
gave the Merseyside area around
Liverpool its worst pounding of the
war last night and early today.
A record number of night bomb
ers were blasting the district and
incessant roar of anti-aircraft guns
could be heard heaviest in the in
dustrial areas.
One town was reported by the
British Press association to be suf
fering indiscriminate bombing
while at Liverpool a hotel was
struck and several persons in the
dining room were injured.
While early estimates of casual
ties were low, they did not include
possible victims being dug out of
the ruins of a line of wrecked
Commercial buildings in Liver
pool were struck, and broken glass
strewed streets over a wide area.
Earlier last night bombs fell
over wide areas of Britain, includ
ing the east coast, inland, and
north Wales. In at least one coast
al sector, anti-aircraft fire was so
intense it shook houses.
Two hospitals, one in an east
midlands area and another in a
north-west town were reported hit
but no casualties resulted.
The all clear signal came to Lon
(Continued on Page Six, Col. 7)

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