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ASSOCIATED PBESS ^ WILHINCtoh With Complete Coverage of " And Southeastern Horlh Stale and National News ,, > |" • Carolina ypE/TL—NO. 102._______WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1940 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 186'i FLAYS NAZI POLICY; SAYS AXIS POWERS WILL NOT WIN, WAR f -.V - WORLD BROADCAST ■ Says If Britain Loses Axis Will Control Four Con tinents, High Seas DISCUSSES SECURITY Nation’s Chief Calls For Gigantic Speed-Up Of Production Of Arms Text of President Roosevelt’s address is on page 3. WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.— QP)—P resident Roosevelt called on the nation tonight to become “the great arsenal of democracy,” predicted flatly thr.t the axis powers would not win the war and said that the United States now has “no right or reason to en courage talk of peace.” In a world-wide broadcast from the White House diplo matic room, the President re peatedly castigated the poli cies of Nazi Germany. If Great Britain should be de feated, he said, the axis pow ers would “control the conti nents of Europe, Asia, Afri ca, Australia, and the high seas.” “No Exaggeration” “It is no exaggeration to say,” he continued, “that all of us in the Americas would be living at the point of a gun —a gun loaded with explosive bullets, economic as well as military.” The fate of small nations in Europe, Mr. Roosevelt de clared, “tells us what it means to live at the point of a Nazi gun.” The talk, for Which the President received numerous suggestions and which he re drafted seven times before de livery, was described by the chief executive as “a talk on national security” rather than “a fireside chat on war.” One reason for the redrafts was to shorten the speech he first wrote. As finally com pleted, the address was about 3,900 words and required 38 minutes to deliver. A small group of govern ment officials and friends sat in the diplomatic room with Mr. Roosevelt during the broadcast. Among them were his mother, Mrs. Sara D. Roosevelt, Secretary Hull, Secretary and Mrs. Frank Knox, the Attorney General and Mrs. Robert H. Jackson, (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) " " ^ K 'K 'K IK IT ^ 7T Nazis Mov ulgarian Frontier Balkan Nation Manned Over Hew Advance Is Likely To Permit Pas sage Of German Soldiers Under Protest SITUATION IS TENSE Churning Ice In Danube May Hold Germans In Check For Present SOFIA, Bulgaria, Dec. 29.— i.f./The advance guard of part of ■i-e great German expeditionary force now fanning out in south eastern Europe reached the Bul tarian frontier today while Bul gars. in anxious tension, wonder ed where and how far it would spread. (Bulgaria is a potential avenue to Greece, or Turkey or the Rus han-dominated Black Sea. Informed quarters said Bulgaria, vas likely to permit passage of German troops, under protest, re cognizing the “futility of armed resistance. Take Up Positions Frontier districts reports said fresh Nazi troops could be seen taking up positions, occupying bar racks and arraying equipment at Giurgiu, on the Rumanian side of tfte border, across the ice-blocked Danube from Rushcuk. 'Germany is reported send ing an additional '300,000 men into Rumania to bolster the 100,000 al ready estimated to be there, ship ping them and their varied equip ent over Hungarian and Runian n railways. The congestion has orought sharp curtailment on reg ular railway service in the two countries.) Churning masses of ice in the Danube, some observers thought, (Continued on Page Two; Col. Z) BRITISH CONTINUE TO SHELL BARDIA Prepare For Final Attack On Fascist Fort In North eastern Libya CAIRO. Egypt, Dec. 29.— OP)—Brit ish guns poured shells into the Ital ian base town of Bardia today in continued preparation for a final at tack on the fascist stronghold in Northeastern Libya. 15 miles from the Egyptian border. The British said their guns met “comparatively little response from the Italian garrison/’ (The Italian high command an nounced a heavy artillery duel was unclcr way at Bardia.) While the British assembled men end material for the coimng big at (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) WEATHER FORECAST North Carolina: Partly cloudy Mon fy and Tuesday, slightly cooler Mon finy east and central portions. (By U. S. Weather Bureau) 'Meteorological data for the 24 hours fading 7:30 p. m. yesterday.) • Temperature 1:30 a. m. 61; 7:30 a. m. 58; 1:30 p. m. ■ 7:30 p. m. 55; maximum 65; mini mum 55; mean 60; normal 47. Humidity . 1:30 a. m. 84* 7:30 a. in. 87; 1:30 p. m. 7,;: 7:30 p. m. 82. Precipitation total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m. 1,(1 inches. Total since first of the month 2.93 inches. Tides For Today (From Tide Tables published by U. S. •°ast and Geodetic Survey.) «... High Low " unungton _10:53a 5:34a 1, 11:08p 6:05p “asonboro Inlet_ 8:47a 2:20a 8:59p 2:59p , unrise 7:17a; sunset 5:12p; moon °:27a; moonset 7:23p. Kiver stage at Fayetteville, C.. at s a. m„ Dec. 26, 11.2 feet. (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 6) As \-« Swastikas Roll Eastward The swastikas roll east and hundreds of thousands of German troops move into Rumania—mission un known. Man above graphically illustrates possible Ge rman offensive in the east, and also approximate strength of German forces still holding France and on duty elsewhere. Eact swastika represents five divi sions. or "fi.OOO men. London Battles Fires Started By Raid; Germans Attack Convoy Off Ireland CASUALTIES HEAVY Low-Water Hampers Ef forts; Damage Estimated In Millions Of Pounds LONDON, Dec. 30. — (Monday) — (,]P)—(Via Trans Atlantic Telephone) —London, in the battle of its life early today fought hundreds of tow ering flames set by waves of Ger man bombers bent on reducing this ancient capital to a flaming skeleton. Every fireman — thousands upon thousands—in the vast London area was called out, and more thousands cf volunteers joined in the battle in the debris-littered streets. Casualties were inestimable. Pressure Fails Low-water pressure hampered their efforts, but a rain storm sweep ing in' from the German-field conti nent aided their efforts. Damage ran into “millions of pounds," and casualties were believed extraordinarily heavy in a pre-mid night raid that turned the horizon scarlet at dawn. At the height of the raid launched by hundreds of German bombers, ground workers working desperately to control the flames saw squadron after squadron of Spitfire and Hurri cane fighter planes dive into the midst of the bombers under a roof of brightly illuminated clouds. The German raiders sought refuge in those clouds. Merciful rains also swept in from across the “invasion straits” to aid (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) BOMB HITS STEAMER U-Boat Credited With Sink ing 46,000 Tons Of Ships On ‘Long Cruise’ BERLIN, Dec. 29.—(#)—A vicious attack by small bombers on Lon don and a raid on a British convoy about 125 miles northwest of Ire land despite bad weather were re ported tonight by the German luft waffe. It was announced that a bomb hit a steamer of about 9,000 tons, causing a boiler explosion and smashing one side of the vessel. Returning fliers said the ship be gan to list and “it may safely be assumed it sank.” Second Attack This was the second attack in as many days on a British convoy, the first one coming when a sur face raider reportedly sank one 6,000-ton ship and damaged anoth er in a North Atlantic convoy. The raid on London was carried out in the eaijly evening hours. The fliers said numerous fires, some extensive, were observed aft er the attack. The high command told of the convoy raid yesterday in a brief communique. The communique said a heavy cruiser guarding the convoy “was hit several times and broke off the battle” with the German warships which, it said, were not damaged. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) r i \ Communications With London Interrupted NEW YORK, Dec. 29.—(/P>— Wireless contact with London was re-established about 10:30 p. in., E. S. T.., tonight after a 2 1-2-hour silence. Cable com munications direct to the British capital were still out although western England stations ac knowledged receipt of messages. All direct eastbound communi cation channels went dead about 8 p. m. E. S. T. (2 a. m. London Time) following a heavy German air raid on London. The western England cable stations could give no reason why they failed to contact Lon don. THREE PEOPLE DIE WHEN HOME BURNS Oliver H. Graham And Two Sisters Perish In Fire At Laurinburg LAURINBURG, Dec. 29.—<3*) A fire which enveloped their wooden home before dawn suffocated Oliver H. Graham, 67, former member of the Scotland county board of elec tions, and his two sisters, Alice, 71, and Maggie, 63, today. No one knew how the blaze start (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 6) Axis Is Deaf To Negotiated Peace Plans Fascist Press Says Powers Ready To Hit U. S. For New British Aid NEW WARNING GIVEN Paper Says Negotiated Peace Would Help ‘Pro vocative Democracies’ ROME, Dec. 29. — Axis powers are deaf to any proposal of a ne gotiated peace, the Fascist press declared today, and stand ready to strike back at the United States for any new aid to Britain which they might deem an act of war. The press asserted that Japan is expected to join Italy and Ger many in any such reaction. II Popolo Di Roma said the three power pact between Germany, It aly and Japan “already has fore seen the Anglophile slipping of the United States and prepared the most adapted means to face it.” Reaffirming Pact Japan’s foreign minister, Yo suke Matsuoka, recently reaffirm ed the “unequivocal validity” of this pact, the paper added. “The Axis powers, while desir ing to limit the area of war, could not remain inert before any inter vention in favor of England which violated the elementary rule of International law,” 11 Popolo Di Roma asserted. Dispatch of aid to Britain through Irish ports would “provoke prompt reaction from the Axis powers,” the newspaper Resto Del Carlino said. The assertions appeared in ad vance of President Roosevelt’s Sun day evening fireside chat—an in dication that his declarations of policy were anxiously awaited. Intensify Effort Italy meanwhile showed signs of intensifying her war effort, tight ening various internal cstrictions, principally food hoardng for whch the death penalty was prescrbed in severe cases. II Popolo Di Roma asserted that American talk of a negotiated peace was intended either to re (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) CLIMB IN RAILWAY INCOME FORECAST J. J. Pelley Estimates 1940 Revenue Will Amount To $650,000,000 WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.— <A>) — J. J. Pelley, president of the Association of American Railroads, estimated today that 1940 net rail way operating income of class 1 roads would be $650,000,000, the largest since 1936. Such a total would be a return of 2.49 per cent on the roads' property investment and would exceed last year’s income by $61,000,000. MOVE TO CUT NON-DEFENSE SPENDING EXPECTED TO ENCOUNTER OPPOSITION WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—(fl>) —Any efforts to trim non-de fense spending in the new bud get appeared likely today to encounter determined opposi tion from legislators interested in maintaining an undimin ished flow of federal cash into farm benefit payments, high way construction and relief projects. Hints of rebellion against any drastic cuts in those items have come from influential law makers in advance of the Pres ident’s submission of new bud get estimates. The budget is expected to call for expendi tures totaling about $17,000, 000,000, of which about $10, 000,000,000 would go f o r de fense. The President has said he hoped to cut non - defense items “to the bone” and steps already have been taken to eliminate some new public building projects. Senators Bankhead (D - Ala) and Capper (R-Kan), members of the so-called “farm” bloc, already have served notice that they will work for increased rather than reduced farm beM fits. v Bankhead said the $212,000, 000 the government is paying out this year ought to be boost ed so that farmers would get full “parity” (the 1909-14 aver age) prices for their crops in stead of the two-thirds they now receive. These payments are in addition to $500,000,000 for soil conservation compli ance. Highway construction advo cates have gone ahead with plans calling for little if any reduction in federal grants to states for that purpose. What happens to the WPA appropriation, most legislators have agreed, will depend on how many of the idle have been put to work-by industrial expansion under the impetus of the defense program up to next March. The current ap propriation of about $1,000,000, 000 for the WPA was made for only eight months, ending March 1. Some congressional economy advocates said, however, they had little hope of effecting re (Continued on Page Two; Col. 2) F. R. Talk Draws Mixture Of Criticism And Praise WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.—(/P) —Immediate capital reaction to President Roosevelt’s address to night brought a mixture of praise and criticism, with Sena tor McCarran (D-Nev) express ing disappointment that the chief executive had not made “a positive statement” that this country would not become in volved “in foreign entangle ments.” Senator Schwartz (D - Wyo) told reporters that “it does no harm to tell the truth, and that is what the President has done.” “It was a very able state ment,” Schwartz continued. “It very clearly explains the actual facts and outlines a program that the American people will support. “It will cut the ground from under ■», lot of isolationists who have not thought through the situation.” From Senator Johnson (D Colo) came a statement that there was “nothing new” in the President’s address. McCarran declared that he had hoped “the President would be more explicit with the people of the country as to what we weie actually doing for national de fense and as to what we were doing to keep out of foreign wars. “The speech was in keeping with the thought that arouses fear sufficient to make us be lieve that we are already in this (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) Greeks Threaten Italian HoldOnRoadsToValona MOVING NEARER GOLD Greeks Take 200 Prisoners And Supplies In The Tepeleni Section ATHENS, Dec. 29.—UP)—Greek forces were reported today to have edged closer to Valona, their next goal by threatening Italian control at three points guarding the ap proaches to that southern Albanian port. Action continued slow because of heavy snow which has piled up to depths of six feet in some parts of the northern front. A strong north wind has made the weather bitter ly cold for two days. At Tepeleni, Greek machine-guns were trained on the road connect ing with Italian bases to the north west. Tepeleni is a junction of two roads leading to Valona. Hold Heights The Italians still hold some heights in the Tepeleni sector, de spite the threat that their com munications may be severed com pletely. The Greeks have claimed the capture of 200 prisoners and a large quantity of supplies in this area. In the Klisura sector, also a con trol point on roads in the southern (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) NIGHT WATCHMAN IS BEATEN HERE Bennie Padgett, 59, Is In Critical Condition Fol lowing Assault Bennie Padgett, 59-year-old WPA night watchman of 309 Harnett street, was attacked and critically injured by an unknown assailant early yesterday morning while he was on duty at Seventh and Harnett streets. His skull fractured and with his face badly beaten in, Padgett was (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) War _ Interpretive BY EDWARD E. BOMAR President Roosevelt gave his fireside talk against a sombre backdrop of world suspense and foreboding, on the eve of a crucial year which could be decisive in history. That unpredictable 1941 may be just another inconclusive twelve month in a long and tragic world wide conflict of attrition is suggest ed, however, by a backward glance (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 1 Border Town Of Lin Captured By Greeks NEW YORK, Dec. 29.—(ff3)— The British radio reported today in a broadcast heard by CBS that the Belgrade newspaper Foli tika said the Greeks have cap tured the border town of Lin, described by the report as the “main objective between Fogra detz and Elbasani, Albania.” The British radio said the Greeks outflanked the important town after heavy fighting in the snow. Lin is on Lake Ohrid, on the Albania-Yugoslav border and is about 15 miles north of Pogra detz. It is about 30 miles directly east of Elbasani. JAP, INDO-CHINA PARLEY TO OPEN Economic Conference Con sidered Great Value To Welfare Of Japan TOKYO, Dec. 29.—(/P>—The French Indo - China economic conference which begins here tomorrow is as vital to the welfare of Japan as any thing which has occurred in recent months. The importance of the conference lies in the rice paddies of French In do-China. The 1939 rice crop was val ued at $35,000,000. The government declines comment on results of preliminary confer ences at Hanoi, capital of the French colony, but obviously lead ers hope to arrange an exchange of Japanese manufactured goods for rice, needed because of Japan's drought, rubber ^Xlndo-China’s sec ond most important export), tin, iron, manganese and ores. Indo-China’s supply of these manu factured goods, previously obtained % (Continued on Page Two; Col. 8) Work On Firing Center Tracks To Start Today HOLLY RIDGE, Dec. 29—Several carloads of rails for the tracks that are to be built into reservation of the Wilmington Anti-Aircraft Firing Center here were unloaded today In preparation for the starting of work on laying the tracks tomorrow morn ing. Ten carloads of water and sewer pipes were also unloaded today and work of installation of a water and sewerage system is scheduled to be started within a short time. Between 1,500 and 2,000 workers were busy on the site today clearing I the ground and working on^the ad ministration building, the foundation of which was laid last week. A majority of thd workers now em ployed on the project are common laborers, with skilled labor consist ing mainly of carpenters. Visitors and sightseers continued to swarm here today from all over the state and adjoining states and all operations were kept going. All offices, with the exception of the North Carolina State Employment Service office, were open. Lloyd Crocker, superintendent ot the Wilmington district of the At (Continued on Page Xw?; Col.