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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, December 30, 1940, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Served By Leased Wire 01 <The Dedicated To The Progress 01
ASSOCIATED PBESS ^ WILHINCtoh
With Complete Coverage of " And Southeastern Horlh
Stale and National News ,, > |" • Carolina
ypE/TL—NO. 102._______WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1940 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 186'i
FLAYS NAZI POLICY;
SAYS AXIS POWERS
WILL NOT WIN, WAR
f -.V -
WORLD BROADCAST

Says If Britain Loses Axis
Will Control Four Con
tinents, High Seas
DISCUSSES SECURITY
Nation’s Chief Calls For
Gigantic Speed-Up Of
Production Of Arms
Text of President Roosevelt’s
address is on page 3.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.—
QP)—P resident Roosevelt
called on the nation tonight to
become “the great arsenal of
democracy,” predicted flatly
thr.t the axis powers would
not win the war and said that
the United States now has
“no right or reason to en
courage talk of peace.”
In a world-wide broadcast
from the White House diplo
matic room, the President re
peatedly castigated the poli
cies of Nazi Germany. If
Great Britain should be de
feated, he said, the axis pow
ers would “control the conti
nents of Europe, Asia, Afri
ca, Australia, and the high
seas.”
“No Exaggeration”
“It is no exaggeration to
say,” he continued, “that all
of us in the Americas would
be living at the point of a gun
—a gun loaded with explosive
bullets, economic as well as
military.”
The fate of small nations
in Europe, Mr. Roosevelt de
clared, “tells us what it means
to live at the point of a Nazi
gun.”
The talk, for Which the
President received numerous
suggestions and which he re
drafted seven times before de
livery, was described by the
chief executive as “a talk on
national security” rather than
“a fireside chat on war.”
One reason for the redrafts
was to shorten the speech he
first wrote. As finally com
pleted, the address was about
3,900 words and required 38
minutes to deliver.
A small group of govern
ment officials and friends sat
in the diplomatic room with
Mr. Roosevelt during the
broadcast. Among them were
his mother, Mrs. Sara D.
Roosevelt, Secretary Hull,
Secretary and Mrs. Frank
Knox, the Attorney General
and Mrs. Robert H. Jackson,
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
" " ^ K 'K 'K IK IT ^ 7T
Nazis Mov ulgarian Frontier
Balkan Nation
Manned Over
Hew Advance
Is Likely To Permit Pas
sage Of German Soldiers
Under Protest
SITUATION IS TENSE
Churning Ice In Danube
May Hold Germans In
Check For Present
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Dec. 29.—
i.f./The advance guard of part of
■i-e great German expeditionary
force now fanning out in south
eastern Europe reached the Bul
tarian frontier today while Bul
gars. in anxious tension, wonder
ed where and how far it would
spread.
(Bulgaria is a potential avenue
to Greece, or Turkey or the Rus
han-dominated Black Sea.
Informed quarters said Bulgaria,
vas likely to permit passage of
German troops, under protest, re
cognizing the “futility of armed
resistance.
Take Up Positions
Frontier districts reports said
fresh Nazi troops could be seen
taking up positions, occupying bar
racks and arraying equipment at
Giurgiu, on the Rumanian side of
tfte border, across the ice-blocked
Danube from Rushcuk.
'Germany is reported send
ing an additional '300,000 men into
Rumania to bolster the 100,000 al
ready estimated to be there, ship
ping them and their varied equip
ent over Hungarian and Runian
n railways. The congestion has
orought sharp curtailment on reg
ular railway service in the two
countries.)
Churning masses of ice in the
Danube, some observers thought,
(Continued on Page Two; Col. Z)
BRITISH CONTINUE
TO SHELL BARDIA
Prepare For Final Attack
On Fascist Fort In North
eastern Libya
CAIRO. Egypt, Dec. 29.— OP)—Brit
ish guns poured shells into the Ital
ian base town of Bardia today in
continued preparation for a final at
tack on the fascist stronghold in
Northeastern Libya. 15 miles from
the Egyptian border.
The British said their guns met
“comparatively little response from
the Italian garrison/’
(The Italian high command an
nounced a heavy artillery duel was
unclcr way at Bardia.)
While the British assembled men
end material for the coimng big at
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5)
WEATHER
FORECAST
North Carolina: Partly cloudy Mon
fy and Tuesday, slightly cooler Mon
finy east and central portions.
(By U. S. Weather Bureau)
'Meteorological data for the 24 hours
fading 7:30 p. m. yesterday.) •
Temperature
1:30 a. m. 61; 7:30 a. m. 58; 1:30 p. m.
■ 7:30 p. m. 55; maximum 65; mini
mum 55; mean 60; normal 47.
Humidity
. 1:30 a. m. 84* 7:30 a. in. 87; 1:30 p. m.
7,;: 7:30 p. m. 82.
Precipitation
total for 24 hours ending 7:30 p. m.
1,(1 inches. Total since first of the
month 2.93 inches.
Tides For Today
(From Tide Tables published by U. S.
•°ast and Geodetic Survey.)
«... High Low
" unungton _10:53a 5:34a
1, 11:08p 6:05p
“asonboro Inlet_ 8:47a 2:20a
8:59p 2:59p
, unrise 7:17a; sunset 5:12p; moon
°:27a; moonset 7:23p.
Kiver stage at Fayetteville, C..
at s a. m„ Dec. 26, 11.2 feet.
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 6)
As \-« Swastikas Roll Eastward
The swastikas roll east and hundreds of thousands of German troops move into Rumania—mission un
known. Man above graphically illustrates possible Ge rman offensive in the east, and also approximate
strength of German forces still holding France and on duty elsewhere. Eact swastika represents five divi
sions. or "fi.OOO men.
London Battles Fires Started By Raid;
Germans Attack Convoy Off Ireland
CASUALTIES HEAVY
Low-Water Hampers Ef
forts; Damage Estimated
In Millions Of Pounds
LONDON, Dec. 30. — (Monday) —
(,]P)—(Via Trans Atlantic Telephone)
—London, in the battle of its life
early today fought hundreds of tow
ering flames set by waves of Ger
man bombers bent on reducing this
ancient capital to a flaming skeleton.
Every fireman — thousands upon
thousands—in the vast London area
was called out, and more thousands
cf volunteers joined in the battle in
the debris-littered streets. Casualties
were inestimable.
Pressure Fails
Low-water pressure hampered
their efforts, but a rain storm sweep
ing in' from the German-field conti
nent aided their efforts.
Damage ran into “millions of
pounds," and casualties were believed
extraordinarily heavy in a pre-mid
night raid that turned the horizon
scarlet at dawn.
At the height of the raid launched
by hundreds of German bombers,
ground workers working desperately
to control the flames saw squadron
after squadron of Spitfire and Hurri
cane fighter planes dive into the
midst of the bombers under a roof
of brightly illuminated clouds.
The German raiders sought refuge
in those clouds.
Merciful rains also swept in from
across the “invasion straits” to aid
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
BOMB HITS STEAMER
U-Boat Credited With Sink
ing 46,000 Tons Of Ships
On ‘Long Cruise’
BERLIN, Dec. 29.—(#)—A vicious
attack by small bombers on Lon
don and a raid on a British convoy
about 125 miles northwest of Ire
land despite bad weather were re
ported tonight by the German luft
waffe.
It was announced that a bomb
hit a steamer of about 9,000 tons,
causing a boiler explosion and
smashing one side of the vessel.
Returning fliers said the ship be
gan to list and “it may safely be
assumed it sank.”
Second Attack
This was the second attack in as
many days on a British convoy,
the first one coming when a sur
face raider reportedly sank one
6,000-ton ship and damaged anoth
er in a North Atlantic convoy.
The raid on London was carried
out in the eaijly evening hours.
The fliers said numerous fires,
some extensive, were observed aft
er the attack.
The high command told of the
convoy raid yesterday in a brief
communique.
The communique said a heavy
cruiser guarding the convoy “was
hit several times and broke off the
battle” with the German warships
which, it said, were not damaged.
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
r i
\
Communications With
London Interrupted
NEW YORK, Dec. 29.—(/P>—
Wireless contact with London
was re-established about 10:30
p. in., E. S. T.., tonight after a
2 1-2-hour silence. Cable com
munications direct to the British
capital were still out although
western England stations ac
knowledged receipt of messages.
All direct eastbound communi
cation channels went dead about
8 p. m. E. S. T. (2 a. m. London
Time) following a heavy German
air raid on London.
The western England cable
stations could give no reason
why they failed to contact Lon
don.
THREE PEOPLE DIE
WHEN HOME BURNS
Oliver H. Graham And Two
Sisters Perish In Fire
At Laurinburg
LAURINBURG, Dec. 29.—<3*) A
fire which enveloped their wooden
home before dawn suffocated Oliver
H. Graham, 67, former member of
the Scotland county board of elec
tions, and his two sisters, Alice, 71,
and Maggie, 63, today.
No one knew how the blaze start
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 6)
Axis Is Deaf
To Negotiated
Peace Plans
Fascist Press Says Powers
Ready To Hit U. S. For
New British Aid
NEW WARNING GIVEN
Paper Says Negotiated
Peace Would Help ‘Pro
vocative Democracies’
ROME, Dec. 29. — Axis powers
are deaf to any proposal of a ne
gotiated peace, the Fascist press
declared today, and stand ready
to strike back at the United States
for any new aid to Britain which
they might deem an act of war.
The press asserted that Japan
is expected to join Italy and Ger
many in any such reaction.
II Popolo Di Roma said the three
power pact between Germany, It
aly and Japan “already has fore
seen the Anglophile slipping of the
United States and prepared the
most adapted means to face it.”
Reaffirming Pact
Japan’s foreign minister, Yo
suke Matsuoka, recently reaffirm
ed the “unequivocal validity” of
this pact, the paper added.
“The Axis powers, while desir
ing to limit the area of war, could
not remain inert before any inter
vention in favor of England which
violated the elementary rule of
International law,” 11 Popolo Di
Roma asserted.
Dispatch of aid to Britain through
Irish ports would “provoke prompt
reaction from the Axis powers,”
the newspaper Resto Del Carlino
said.
The assertions appeared in ad
vance of President Roosevelt’s Sun
day evening fireside chat—an in
dication that his declarations of
policy were anxiously awaited.
Intensify Effort
Italy meanwhile showed signs
of intensifying her war effort, tight
ening various internal cstrictions,
principally food hoardng for whch
the death penalty was prescrbed
in severe cases.
II Popolo Di Roma asserted that
American talk of a negotiated
peace was intended either to re
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 2)
CLIMB IN RAILWAY
INCOME FORECAST
J. J. Pelley Estimates 1940
Revenue Will Amount To
$650,000,000
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.— <A>) —
J. J. Pelley, president of the
Association of American Railroads,
estimated today that 1940 net rail
way operating income of class 1
roads would be $650,000,000, the
largest since 1936.
Such a total would be a return
of 2.49 per cent on the roads'
property investment and would
exceed last year’s income by
$61,000,000.
MOVE TO CUT NON-DEFENSE SPENDING
EXPECTED TO ENCOUNTER OPPOSITION
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—(fl>)
—Any efforts to trim non-de
fense spending in the new bud
get appeared likely today to
encounter determined opposi
tion from legislators interested
in maintaining an undimin
ished flow of federal cash into
farm benefit payments, high
way construction and relief
projects.
Hints of rebellion against
any drastic cuts in those items
have come from influential law
makers in advance of the Pres
ident’s submission of new bud
get estimates. The budget is
expected to call for expendi
tures totaling about $17,000,
000,000, of which about $10,
000,000,000 would go f o r de
fense. The President has said
he hoped to cut non - defense
items “to the bone” and steps
already have been taken to
eliminate some new public
building projects.
Senators Bankhead (D - Ala)
and Capper (R-Kan), members
of the so-called “farm” bloc,
already have served notice that
they will work for increased
rather than reduced farm beM
fits. v
Bankhead said the $212,000,
000 the government is paying
out this year ought to be boost
ed so that farmers would get
full “parity” (the 1909-14 aver
age) prices for their crops in
stead of the two-thirds they
now receive. These payments
are in addition to $500,000,000
for soil conservation compli
ance.
Highway construction advo
cates have gone ahead with
plans calling for little if any
reduction in federal grants to
states for that purpose.
What happens to the WPA
appropriation, most legislators
have agreed, will depend on
how many of the idle have
been put to work-by industrial
expansion under the impetus
of the defense program up to
next March. The current ap
propriation of about $1,000,000,
000 for the WPA was made for
only eight months, ending
March 1.
Some congressional economy
advocates said, however, they
had little hope of effecting re
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 2)
F. R. Talk Draws Mixture
Of Criticism And Praise
WASHINGTON, Dec. 29.—(/P)
—Immediate capital reaction to
President Roosevelt’s address to
night brought a mixture of
praise and criticism, with Sena
tor McCarran (D-Nev) express
ing disappointment that the
chief executive had not made “a
positive statement” that this
country would not become in
volved “in foreign entangle
ments.”
Senator Schwartz (D - Wyo)
told reporters that “it does no
harm to tell the truth, and that
is what the President has done.”
“It was a very able state
ment,” Schwartz continued. “It
very clearly explains the actual
facts and outlines a program
that the American people will
support.
“It will cut the ground from
under ■», lot of isolationists who
have not thought through the
situation.”
From Senator Johnson (D
Colo) came a statement that
there was “nothing new” in the
President’s address.
McCarran declared that he had
hoped “the President would be
more explicit with the people of
the country as to what we weie
actually doing for national de
fense and as to what we were
doing to keep out of foreign
wars.
“The speech was in keeping
with the thought that arouses
fear sufficient to make us be
lieve that we are already in this
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 7)
Greeks Threaten Italian
HoldOnRoadsToValona
MOVING NEARER GOLD
Greeks Take 200 Prisoners
And Supplies In The
Tepeleni Section
ATHENS, Dec. 29.—UP)—Greek
forces were reported today to have
edged closer to Valona, their next
goal by threatening Italian control
at three points guarding the ap
proaches to that southern Albanian
port.
Action continued slow because of
heavy snow which has piled up to
depths of six feet in some parts of
the northern front. A strong north
wind has made the weather bitter
ly cold for two days.
At Tepeleni, Greek machine-guns
were trained on the road connect
ing with Italian bases to the north
west. Tepeleni is a junction of
two roads leading to Valona.
Hold Heights
The Italians still hold some
heights in the Tepeleni sector, de
spite the threat that their com
munications may be severed com
pletely. The Greeks have claimed
the capture of 200 prisoners and a
large quantity of supplies in this
area.
In the Klisura sector, also a con
trol point on roads in the southern
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5)
NIGHT WATCHMAN
IS BEATEN HERE
Bennie Padgett, 59, Is In
Critical Condition Fol
lowing Assault
Bennie Padgett, 59-year-old WPA
night watchman of 309 Harnett
street, was attacked and critically
injured by an unknown assailant
early yesterday morning while he
was on duty at Seventh and Harnett
streets.
His skull fractured and with his
face badly beaten in, Padgett was
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
War _
Interpretive
BY EDWARD E. BOMAR
President Roosevelt gave his
fireside talk against a sombre
backdrop of world suspense and
foreboding, on the eve of a crucial
year which could be decisive in
history.
That unpredictable 1941 may be
just another inconclusive twelve
month in a long and tragic world
wide conflict of attrition is suggest
ed, however, by a backward glance
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 1
Border Town Of Lin
Captured By Greeks
NEW YORK, Dec. 29.—(ff3)—
The British radio reported today
in a broadcast heard by CBS that
the Belgrade newspaper Foli
tika said the Greeks have cap
tured the border town of Lin,
described by the report as the
“main objective between Fogra
detz and Elbasani, Albania.”
The British radio said the
Greeks outflanked the important
town after heavy fighting in the
snow.
Lin is on Lake Ohrid, on the
Albania-Yugoslav border and is
about 15 miles north of Pogra
detz. It is about 30 miles directly
east of Elbasani.
JAP, INDO-CHINA
PARLEY TO OPEN
Economic Conference Con
sidered Great Value To
Welfare Of Japan
TOKYO, Dec. 29.—(/P>—The French
Indo - China economic conference
which begins here tomorrow is as
vital to the welfare of Japan as any
thing which has occurred in recent
months.
The importance of the conference
lies in the rice paddies of French In
do-China. The 1939 rice crop was val
ued at $35,000,000.
The government declines comment
on results of preliminary confer
ences at Hanoi, capital of the
French colony, but obviously lead
ers hope to arrange an exchange of
Japanese manufactured goods for
rice, needed because of Japan's
drought, rubber ^Xlndo-China’s sec
ond most important export), tin,
iron, manganese and ores.
Indo-China’s supply of these manu
factured goods, previously obtained
%
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 8)
Work On Firing Center
Tracks To Start Today
HOLLY RIDGE, Dec. 29—Several
carloads of rails for the tracks that
are to be built into reservation of
the Wilmington Anti-Aircraft Firing
Center here were unloaded today In
preparation for the starting of work
on laying the tracks tomorrow morn
ing.
Ten carloads of water and sewer
pipes were also unloaded today and
work of installation of a water and
sewerage system is scheduled to be
started within a short time.
Between 1,500 and 2,000 workers
were busy on the site today clearing
I the ground and working on^the ad
ministration building, the foundation
of which was laid last week.
A majority of thd workers now em
ployed on the project are common
laborers, with skilled labor consist
ing mainly of carpenters.
Visitors and sightseers continued
to swarm here today from all over
the state and adjoining states and
all operations were kept going. All
offices, with the exception of the
North Carolina State Employment
Service office, were open.
Lloyd Crocker, superintendent ot
the Wilmington district of the At
(Continued on Page Xw?; Col.

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