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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, February 02, 1941, Image 1

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Dedicated to the m. ■ IAIA Served by Leased Wire of the
j.rOGRESS TUp UuC associated press
Qf Wilmington and I I I ■ H ^B With Complete Coverage
Southeastern N. C. -— - ■■■■ ——; _ _ — -----» State and National News
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'^TUnoTlL WILMINGTON. N. C.. SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 2, 1941 PRICE FIVE CENTS
VO* - ----—-A
Weygand Urges Soldiers
Not To Join De Gaulle;
Tripoli Bombed By RAF
*
Bengasi’s
Airfield
Bombed
'By The Associated Press)
CAIRO, Egypt, Feb. 1.—A vio
lent step-up in the tempo of Brit
ish air attacks in Libya was an
nounced today in the prelude to
another grand assault — aimed
this time at Bengasi.
The area to Bengal from fal
len Derna and far beyond—TOO
miles within Libya to Tripoli—
was the theater of this new aerial
offensive, intended to clear the
way for British mechanized
troops striking westward in their
cars of steel and to disorganize
the Italians far behind their
lines.
“Several” Tons
The Royal Air Force an
nounced that “several” tons of
bombs had been loosed upon Tri
poli, the capital of western Libya
and a vital communications cen
ter, and that “hundreds” of
bombs had fallen upon Bengasi’s
air center, the long-punished air
drome at Barce.
Supporting the British advance,
the RAF also attacked the Italian air
base of El Gubba on the plateau 25
miles southwest of Derna where pi
lots reported a large number of fas
cist vehicles were assembled. All
through the British march, this kind
of assault from the skies has preced
ed the general attacks by ground
troops — at Bardia, at Tobruk, at
Derna.
Barce lies 120 miles west of Derna.
Tripoli is not only a major city in
all Libya — having a population of
about 100,000 — but stands near to
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 6)
3,000 ITALIANS
ESCAPE BRITISH
Derna Garrison Is First In
Libya To Achieve Or
derly Retreat
By EDWARD KENNEDY
WITH THE BRITISH ARMY IN
DERNA, Libya, Feb. 1.—(A5)—The
withdrawal of some 3,000 Italian
soldiers under cover of night from
Derna, the “Pearl of Cirenaica.”
was the first orderly organized re
treat the Italians have achieved
since the British began their desert
offensive last December.
It was the first time, also, that
the Fascists had kept much war
materials from the British hands.
Tne British found few men to be
taken prisoners when they entered
the city after the battle for Derna.
Some of these were members of
guns crews which covered the
evacuation of the main force, which
headed toward the Akdar moun
tains. There the Italians apparent
ly hope to make a new stand.
The garrison departed after hold
ing out six days against the British
with the aid of strong forts, favor
able terrain and much heavy artil
lery.
(The British announced the cap
ture of Derna Thursday after four
days of heavy fighting.)
Through the final night, the Ital
ian cannon fired almost steadily and
even as they moved out in a big mo
tor convoy taking everything they
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
^ ry ry 7* nr*. 'K 'K ?<( « 7*
Knox Fears Aid May Be Too Late
_ - ,
fie Pleads |
For Quick
ktionHere
Navy Secretary Is Certain
Attack On Americas Will
follow Nazi Win
HE CITES DANGERS
Cost Of Aid To Britain, He
Declares, Will Be Good
Investment
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.—®
Pleading for speed in '.id to Eng
land Secretary Knox said today
hevas “positive” there would be
jn Axis attack on the Western
Hemisphere in event Britain fell,
and declared "the odds would be
against” United States success in
repelling it.
•■We'd have to strain every
nerve,“ the navy secretary told the
; foreign relation committee
in response to a question from
Senat.-r Nye (D-ND) as to whether
hemisphere defense would be
“hopeless.”
“I Don’t Know”
"Can we act in time to save
Britain if this awful crisis predict
ed for the near future comes to
pass?” Nye asked at another
pout. Knox- and others have pre
dicted a crisis within 69 to 90 days.
"Frankly. I don’t know.” Knox
replied. “I'm tremendously wor
ried.”
In his lengthy testimony, Knox
returned time and again to the
contention that the administra
tion's aid-Brittin bill was a self
defense measure.
The "primary objective.” he
said earnestly, was helping Eng
land because "the British navy
and British Isles” were the “first
line of defense” for the United
States.
As for repayment for aid given
the British. Knox asserted this was
a matter of secondary considera
tion.
It will be a saving and a good
(Continued on I’.ige Two; Col. 3)
TWO AXIS PLANES
DOWNED AT MALTA
Meanwhile, Sicilian Strait
Islands Are Declared
‘In War Zone’
VALLETTA. Malta, Feb. 1.—UP)—
attac hi- planes were shot
‘f'"’n l00a>' in a raid on this Brit
rh mid-Mediterranean island base.
r the downed planes were
j 111 01 Italian was not estab
Sheii.
lintnbetl in a raid last
bombs were dropped
- - ‘.I’) —The official
lished an order today in
•" Italian islands between
(Continued on Page Five; Col. 8)
WEATHER
w FORECAST
tvi! M.i,Light to moderate
iiimljv''“‘stunlng iti west portion
:rni iH.rii ‘ 11 -v armor east and cen
Ws l-iftiit to moderate
"if-in nrro and Monday begin
!.'■ portion Suday. slight
Mr Sunday.
oiei.™ 1 s "rather Bureau)
• :■■■■ - 'lata for hte 24 hours
' ' P; yesterday.)
! ^ . J'mperature
' :;'i ,, ’ ‘ , :i- m- *&; 1 :30 p. m.
*% 5|., " maximum 51; mini
moan 11; Tiurtnal 47
I Humidilr
8l:“■ 69:1:30 p- m
, Total f,.,. . Precipitation
1 -4 hours ending 7:30 p. m.
.Hi nM, . . "tat since first of the
t,pr*i! i l or T««i»y
■! a,,,, .. ,.. Pnhlished hv 0. S.
1 "«(•'if Survey.)
si,,,, High Low
- 1:45a 9:0ia
sont,»ro - :ll!)n 0:20p
lnlei -11:47a 5:30a
^..hnrise 7;0Su 11:59p 5:55p
■,Ja: np.e v.'.,' jju*Vop* 5:43p: moonrise
^ a|)p ». -
'iIlp—u.s fee"'“r *•■** at layette
"""l "" '’age Three; Col. I!)
IT’S A GOOD TRICK IF IT WORKS
/aW
NEA Service, Inc.
Two New Strikes Called;
Copper Plant Row Ended
DEFENSE PLEA MADE
Selective Service Official
Urges Labor And Capital
To Stop Wrangling
By The Associated Press
A Selective Service official called
last night for an end to defense
production delays arising from man
agement’s quibbling over profits or
labor’s controversies over wages,
working conditions or union juris
dictions.
Brig. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, dep
uty director of Selective Service,
made this plea in an address at New
Haven, Conn., at the close of a day
which saw development of two new
strikes and the settlement of an
other.
AFL Truck Drivers
The new disputes were a strike
of 1,500 AFL truck drivers in Day
ton, Ohio, who asked a ten-cent-an
hour wage increase, and a walkout
of some CIO workers due to an un
disclosed grievance at the Bridge
viile, (Pa.) plant of the Universal
Cyclops Steel Corp., makers of tool
steel.
A company spokesman said the
Bridgeville plant had over $4.000,00C
in orders for steel to be used di
rectly or indirectly for national de
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
JAPS REPORTED -
LEAVING ISLANDS
Exodus Of Japanese From
Philippines Is Puzzling
Manila Newspaper
MANILA, Feb. 1—Uft—’The Tri
bune said today Philippine officials
were puzzled over the exodus ot
Japanese from the commonwealth.
More than 2,000 Japanese weye
reported to have left the islands
within the past six months.
Under the new Philippine immi
gration law, all nations are limit
ed to 500 immigrants each annual
ly. Authorities expected a heavy
increase in Japanese arrivals dur
ing the last half of 1940, before the
new law became operative, but
only 580 entered from that coun
try.
Previously, about 2,500 Japanese
entered the Philippines annually
and around 500 departed.
“RECOVERED”
PRINCETON, Ky„ Feb. 1.—OP)—
During a coughing spell, Miss Isa
bella Pilaut, 25, recovered a small
gold-plated pin she said she “swal
lowed” accidently when she was 9.
William G. McAdoo Dies
At 77OfHeartAttack
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1. — (&> —
William Gibbs McAdoo, World war
cabinet officer, former senator, and
distinguished in law, finance, and
shipping, died today after a heart
attack.
At 77 still the tall, straight, active
figure that lie was at 50 when lie
entered public life as President Wil
son’s secretary of the Treasury, Mc
Adoo had come to Washington from
his California home to attend Pres
ident Roosevelt’s third inaugura
tion.
He had had two warnings of a
weak heart, one a minor attack suf
fered in Honolulu about a month
ago, but he appeared to be in per: |
feet health last night. He became
ill about 2 a. m. and died at 10:15
a. m. (E. S. T.) in a hospital to
which he was removed from his
hotel.
Mrs. Doris Cross McAdoo, his
third wife r a daughter, Mrs. Brice
ClageV, by . his first wife, and a doc
tor and a nurse were with him.
Funeral services will be held Mon
day morning at Epiphany Episcopal
church here, with the chaplain of
the Senate, Rev. Zebarney T. Phil
lips, conducting the services. Burial
will be at Arlington cemetery. A
provision was made sometime after
(Continued on Page Three; fid. .1)
WHEELER FLAYS
F. R. STATEMENT
Isolationist Denies He Ever
Said Nazi Domination
Inevitable
WASHINGTON, Feb. 1.— (/P) —
Senator W'heeler (D-Mont.) de
nounced today as “a slanderous
attack—attributed to a dead man”
the story related by President
Roosevelt that the late William E.
Dodd once quoted Wheeler as say
ing that Nazi domination of Europe
was inevitable.
The President, responding to a
series of questions yesterday, told
reporters he had been informed by
Dodd, former ambassador to Ger
many, that Wheeler expressed such
a view at a dinner party in 1934
or 1935.
Asked whether Wheeler favored
Nazi domination of Europe, the
chief executive answered that in
evitable was a pretty comprehen
sive word.
Wheler, who is recuperating from
influenza at the home of Ambas
sador Joseph P. Kennedy at Palm
Beach, Fla., said in a statement
issued through his office that the
accusation was “absolutely false.”
he added:
“This is a desperate attempt to
discredit me because I stand un
(Continueil on Page Three; Col. 3)
BRITISH ESTIMATE
NAZI AIR POWER
Hitler Has 40,000 Planes
But Could Use Only
9,000 At A Time
LONDON, Feb. 1.—UP)—.An unof
ficial but well-informed air obser
ver tonight placed the number ot
airplanes available to Germany
for “full operation at any given
time” at about 9,000 and said Ger
many’s total air strength, includ
ing all types of planes, is about
40,000.
This observer said three Nazi air
fleets were operating against Brit
ain:
Air fleet No. 2, under Field Mar
shal General Albert Kesselring,
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 4)
ITepeleni’s
Fall Held ,
Likely Today
Greek Occupation Of Base
City On Road To Port j
Expected Soon
SUB SINKS TRANSPORT |
.__ i
French-Built Greek Craft [
[Torpedoes Vessel Near ’
i

A1_ _ -
cupation of the Key Albanian town j
of Tepeleni was said tonight to
await only cleanlng-up operations
and dispatches from the front re
ported recent gains have put the
Greeks on the threshold ol “new
big victories.”
Tepeleni, the dispatches said,
has been enclosed on three sides,
leaving open to the Italian defend
ers only the road toward Valona
and the Fascists were reported re
treating toward that seaport, the
next major goal of the Greek
counter-invasion.
Control Harbor Road
Tepeleni and Klisura, which al-,
I ready is in Greek hands, control ]
southern Albanian roads leading to ,
the Italian-held harbor.
Important gains were, .reported
both north of Klisura and in the
coastal sector, where counter-at
tacks were said to have been
crushed with heavy I.alian losses.
“Despite repeated failures.” a
Greek spokesman said, the Italians
“attempted to launch two counter
attacks in order to recapture posi- j
tions lost in previous battles but
were repelled with heavy losses.” |
In some instances, he said. Fas- j
cist units lost 'tu per cent 01 men
forces.” Besides costly Italian los
ses in dead and wounded, the
spokesman said. 180 more Italian
prisoners have been taken.
The Greek submarine Papanico
lis, recently listed as having sunk
three Italian supply ships totalling
30.000 tons in a heavily-escorted
convoy in the bay of Valona, was
credited by the ministry of marine
with having sunk another 10,000
ton, loaded vessel in the Brindisi
area on the night of January 28.
The ministry said “the enemy
vessels” was escorted by a warship,
when a torpedo from 'he French
built Papanicolis found its mark.
“Important”
The high command described
Italian mountain positions cap
tured near Tepeleni as the best
fortifications in Albania and of
“great importance.” Besides per
manent gun emplacements and
machine-gun nests, they were said
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 7)
DUCE TUG SUNK
BY BRITISH SUB
Yugoslavian Reports Say
Sinking Took Place In
Territorial Waters
SPLIT, Yugoslavia, Feb. 1—UR
—The sinking yesterday of an Ital
ian tug towing an armed barge by
a British submarine—an incident
said authoritatively to have oc
curred in Yugoslavian territorial
waters—led to the belief in some
circles today that Britain has be
gun a campaign to break up Axis
shipping from Yugoslavian ports to
Italian Trieste.
Subsequently the submarine was
to have stopped and searched the
Yugoslav merchant ship Kosovo.
German freighters caught in
Yugoslavian ports at the start ot
the war have long been carrying
bauxite, and other (materials vital
to German airplane production
through Yugoslav's territorial wa
ters to Trieste, where cargoes are
transported by rail to the Reich.
The Italian barge sent to the
bottom was made of concrete,
similar to United States World war
freighters, and carried two guns
and one anti-aircraft gun.
It was reported from Belgade
that the Yugoslav government is
greatly worried at increasing na
val activity in the Adriatic and is
considering supplementing its na
val patrols.
IE SUPPORTS PETAIN
>00,000 French Soldiers
In Africa Are Asked
To ‘Obey Orders’
7AISE RUMORS RAPPED
ALGIERS, French North Africa,
'eb. i—(FP)— (Via Radio)—General
laxime Weygand. the colonial mil
iary cpmmander of the Vichy gov
rnment, urged his French Afri
an army of 500,000 men today to
lay no heed to appeals that they
nter the war against the Italians.
Instead, he charged his men to
upport the “national revolution”
if Marshal Philippe Petain; to
tay out of a fight which, he said,
vas “ended” for France with the
irmistice with Germany and Italy.
Answers da Gaulle
Weygand replied by radio to a
iroadcast from London Friday
light in which the “Free French”
eader. General Charles de Gaulle,
lad asked the French in Africa to
ittack the Italians from the west
and thus “help complete the con
quest of Libya.”
‘ On order of Marshal Petain,”
General Weygand said, “I have
assumed the command of all
French forces in Africa with the
purpose of coordinating our colo
nial efforts in the task of rebuild
ing our national affairs.
“Marshal Petain has undertaken
the gigantic task of the national
revolution. Already the short time
that has elapsed since Petain took
the helm shows great progress.
“We have beg-un to reorganize
our national life, to find work for
our demilitarized soldiers. . .
“I thank you all for your col
laboration so far, but much must
still be achieved in the general
interest of France. . .
“Today, I direct your attention
to a special issue. . . You (havel
heard an appeal to take part again
in a struggle which was ended b>
France with the conclusion of the
armistice.
“I appeal to you not to leave
the path of order and discipline,
which would only mean the de
struction of France and peril for
all who took part in this under
taking.”
Over Vichy Radio
(Weygand spoke over a Vichy
controlled station and the broad
cast was picked up in the United
States by CBS.
(.Only today the British air force
reported heavy aerial attacks in
Libya as part of the preparation
for the expected general assault
on Bengasi. Air bombardments ex
tended far west to Tripoli, a vital
center near the border of French
Tunisia. A decision by any con
siderable number of French Tuni
sia would imminently imperil the
Italians in the whole of Libya and
put their whole colonial empire in
jeopardy.)
WARNING
ALGIERS, French North Africa
(Via Vichy), Feb. 1—M—General
Maxime Weygand in a broadcast
today warned against “false ru
mors and loose criticisms,” and
said the authorities would take
“extremely rigorous sanctions to
put an end to lies.”
In a talk addressed to the popu
lation of North Africa he said that
people who wanted to appear well
informed, even though their pa
triotism was unquestioned, were
weaving a web of lies which might
paralyze the national revolution of
Chief of State Philippe Petain.
He asserted the government
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5)
Young Republicans Urge
Congress To Aid Britain
DES MOINES, Ia„ Feb. 1.—UP>—
Young Republicans in their national
federation convention here today
voted limited approval of “all-out”
aid for Britain.
A resolution, passed 205 to 165,
called for “every possible military
and economic aid to the democracies
consistent with building our own na
tional defense and our determination
to stay out of war.”
The convention asked that con
gress take "such action as it downs
necessary to achieve these ends, In
cluding the granting of emergency
executive powers with specific pro
vision made for the return of any
power granted as soon as the emer
gency is ended/’ and that congress
retain its constitutional powers over
the purse ant' declaration of war.
This provision is along the line of
the address Friday by former ' iover
nor Raymond E. Baldwin of Con
necticut.
In another resolution the federa
tion declared its recognition of the
right of labor to collective bargain
ing, peaceful picketing and ‘‘to assert
its right in a legal way.”
The afternoon convention program,
following the adoption of resolutions.
(Continued on Page Three; Col- (i)
4
URGE COLLABORATION
Full Working Agreement
With Hitler Before He
Wins Is Asked
IS FORMED IN PARIS f
By the Associated Press
Formation oC a group opposed to
Chief of S'tate Philippe Petain’s
French “national union'' committee
of 51 was announced by the radio
in German-occupied Paris last night,
with a violent attack on "the Men /
of Vichy.” And a warning that ]
France must collaborate quickly and
fully with Germany before the Nazi
“victory over England.”
The pro-Nazi group of Frenchmen <
flung its challenge to the Petain
government by announcing forma
tion of a "peoples committee" sup
porting complete collaboration with
Germany.
Follows Weygand Speech
The Paris announcement came
sliortlv niter General Maxime Wev
gand, commander of 500,000 regular
French troops in North Africa, had
—in a radio address—reaffirmed his
loyalty to the Petain government
and advised his men not to be sway
ed from their loyalty to France as
represented by the marshal.
The waiting army of General Wey
gand has been described as a pote t
bargaining tool in the dealings of
Chief of State Petain with the Ber
lin government. General Weygand,
it was said, was not unwilling to
throw his forces into the balance if ■
too drastic German measures were
imposed on France.
The Paris challenge was accom
panied by a belligerent attack on
Foreign Minister Pierre-Etienne !
Fiandin, Interior Minister Marcel
Peyrouton and the Vichy govern
ment in general. It was voiced by
Jean Fontenoy, French newspaper
man, speaking over the Paris radio.
Emphasizing that time was press- ;
ing, Fontenoy issued a call for sup
port by all Frenchmen. He praised
former Vice-Premier Pierre Laval
and said that Petain's committee of
51 was formed as a result of “the
events of December 13“ when Laval
resigned and was placed under
technical arrest.
Fontenoy said his committee was
formed of newspaper editors, indus
tralists, workers and others in the
occupied zone to prepare a program
from all France.
No Direct Attack
He made no direct attack on Mar
shal Petain but emphasized that the
Paris committee was in direct op- I
position to the Vichy committee
formed January 19 under direction
of Marsha] Petain's office with the
aim of developing a national organi
(Continued on Page Three; Col- 6)
NAI?S CLAIM SIX
Big ships sunk
Seventh Blown Up In Port
During Mediterranean
Raid, Berlin Says

BERLIN, Feb. 2.— (Sunday)—'k
—Authorized sources said early to
day that six ships totalling 36,000 J
tons had been “successfully at
tacked” in the Mediterranean by
German bombers on Jan. 31.
Another' announcement said a
German bomber had blown up a
ship “in a Mediterranean harbor.”
(British reports said two invad
ing planes were shot down Satur
day in a raid on the British mid
Mediterranean island base of Mal
ta: Whether the planes were Ger- ■
man or Italian was not established. ,
They said bombs were dropped in
a'raid Friday night but that none
fell in the Saturday attack.!
German sources did not disclose
where the bombings occurred or
whether all were in one operation.
They stressed, however, that all
were done in one day and said
that of the total attacked, 26,000
tons of shipping could be reckoned
as lost.
Besides the ship blown up, Ger
man bombers were said to have
sunk two others, each of about 4,
000 tons, in the harbor.
- Two others of about 5,000 tons
each were reported “heavily dam
aged or set afire,” another of 6,
000 tons was said to have shown
a bad list and a J,000-ton mer
(Continued on Page Nine; Col. J)
"‘a

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