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The Wilmington morning star. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, February 03, 1941, FINAL EDITION, Image 7

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News of Interest to North Carolina Farmers
i- ' - " ' _*
up LABUKtKS
make good pay
g Estimates Show Rate
lpaid During' Last Year Was
Highest Since 1937
BV LOUIS H. WILSON,
Editor, X. C- Dept., of Agri.
BAIEIGH. Feb. 2-W- Farm
in North Carolina were
*rb°r . a higher rate in 1940 than
Tany time since 1937, the State
pepar'tment „f Agriculture report
pfj today*
Based on estimates of the Unit
i states crop reporting board JV.
j Wesson, junior statistician ol
, nc department reports that
,;0r the quarter ended January 1,
North Carolina farmers paid farm
jaborers an average monthly wage
J18 50 with board and ?26.50
without ward "
However, there were only seven
.rates that paid a lower average
* „ rate in 1940 than North Caro
Iha Georgia and South Carolina
,v„e reported as paying the lowest
„age in the nation.
-Onlv a small proportion of the
iarin labor in North Carolina is
employed for cash and practically
none employed lor cash on a full
time (twelve months) basis,” Wes
son said. "Over 40 per cent of the
{arms in the state are operated by
tenants, mostly with family labor;
and a large proportion of the work
done on farms operated by owners
and managers is carried on by ten
ant labor on a sharecrop basis.
"For the quarter ending J anuary
i, North Carolina's farm wage
level has increased slightly con
trary to the usual decline exper
ienced during this period of most
years. In all probability, this in
crease during the past three
months has been due largely to the
limited supply of workers avail
able for hire on farms at cu rent
wage rates, also with somewhat
stronger demand for their serv
ices at industrial employment. On
the average, rural labor supplies
are somewhat smaller than usual.
As of January 1, the supply was
82 per cent and the demand 92 per
cent of normal.
"For the United States, the to
tal number of persons employed
on farms (fired and family work
ers) was estimated at 8,614,000 on
January 1, 1941 compared with 11,
135,000 on October 1. and 8,641,
000 on January 1, 1940.
According to the United States
agricultural marketing service, the
bureau of labor statistics estimat
ed that 36.535,000 persons were
employed in non-agricultural in
dustries in November, 1940. com
pared with 35.418.000 on Novem
ber. 1939. These estimates now ex
clude all military and naval
forces, as well as persons em
ployed on WPA and NYA projects
and enrollees in CCC camps. Aside
from those working in the above
mentioned categories, the number
of people wrking in November.
1S10, was 46,646.000, or 1.186,000
greater than for the correspond
ing month in 1939.'’
Rope Receives Candles
In Colorful Ceremony
VATICAN CITY, Feb. 2.— (Ah —
Pope Pius XII received scores of
small candles—reduced in size by
"'ar-time shortages of beeswax—in
■^colorful candlemas ceremony to
The candles were those which
e\out Catholics are accustomed
o keeping in their homes, usually
‘fflg by the wick from the head of
* »ed in the belief they ward off
sickness and other misfortunes.
„ PoPe- accompanied by
0 ‘as of his court, entered the
onsistory hail and sat -mon the
ftrone The gifts were then
, to him by representatives
omes’ basilicas, colleges and
»ionS1°US orders in a long procee
4
hi ^ *
n° caches Epidemic
Stage in Netherlands
The Netherlands,
, “ f-l')— (Via Berlin>-Influen
land! Various Pal‘ts of the Nether
reach«'Jas reP°rted today to have
^identic Eroport'ons of a ‘'email
ta«s°n| rhpel cent of tha inhabi
ts lae Hague were reported
Winn”1 °fficials suffering
be n.;jnfluenza and it was said to
*i,i esPread also in Amsterdam.
Prevalent type of
with irCftaled comparatvely mild,
four da n!S u6ual]y recovering in
have ° a wee^’ some cases
nesses Q P^eumonia and busi
heen • 1.naustries and schools have
n interrupted. 4
A p°8SIBLE increase
held ! Per cent increase in corn
come 'fU,Cl mean an increase in in
,'ear f. approximately $.3,000,000 a
sav„ n'1 ’K'0rGl Carolina farmers,
mist of'.', P?.ul H’ Harvey, agrono
,n X. c. Experiment station.
> VnRLN,NG EXPERIMENT
State ?-oi7lentS carricd out by N. C.
'hat ]i.,i ^Se Ilort*cnltnrists showed
trees vr'tb P1'"nlns: develops apple
and r,,-1 i a lars;er trunk diameter
early ^UCPE lar«r crops at an
One-Variety Sweet
Potato Area Planned
SMITHFIELD, Feb. 2—One
of the new wrinkles in Johns
ton county agriculture is a one
variety sweet potato communi
ty planned .in the Beulah town
ship, reports Farm Agent M.
A. Morgan.
Dobbin Bailey, W. A. Flow
ers, and S. W. Eure hope to
get 200 to 300 acres of the
Porto Rico variety planted In
their section this year, Agent
Morgan said.
Although these growers have
been planting a large potato
acreage, they have not con
centrated on any one variety
best suited to meet market
demands.
BALANCED FARMING
PROGRAM ADOPTED
i 18 - Point Plan of Colored
Farmers in Granville Shows
l Way to Better Living
RALEIGH, Feb. 2.—An 18-point
balanced farming program recently
adopted for negro farm families of
Granville county shows the way to
better living in 1941, Dr. I. O. Schaub,
director of the H. C. State college ex
tension service, said today.
Actual purpose of the program,
which w-as drawn up by Negro Farm
Agent J. R. Redding and the county
advisory council, is to increase farm
income. However, Dr. Schaub said,
it embodies the main points of an ex
cellent live-at-home program.
For each qplored farm family of
the county, the program suggests:
A year ’round garden in 1941.
One to three milk cows.
A good home supply of meats.
Plenty of canned fruits, vegetables,
and meats.
A home-grown suppjy of fruits and
vegetables.
A brood sow to each five families
in the community.
Fifty to 100 chickens.
Plenty of corn and othpr grain for
livestock
Plenty of hay for livestock.
One acre «f seeded pasture for each
head of livestock. .
Winter cover crops for soil im
provement. „
Potatoes for home and market.
Wheat to produce bread for the
family. i
Cane for molasses.
Enough cotton to buy clothes for
the family.
A definite timber management pro
gram.
A well-planned terracing program
to control soil erosion.
A proper management and use of,
barn manure so as to cut fertilizer
costs.
Members of Parliament
Asked to Carry Gas Masks
LONDON, Feb. 2.—<£>—1The gov
ernment has asked each member
of parliament to carry a gas mask
a tall times, Sir Anneslev Ash
worth Somerville, a conservative
member, told a Maidenhead audi
ence today.
“I don’t think one person in 50
carries a gas mask but now that
we know of the imminence of in
vasion everyone should do so, he
said. "A gassed person would be
a hindrance in the defense of the
country.” 3
KOBE LESPEDEZA
Since the Korean variety' is not
adapted to the Coastal Plain section,
eastern North Carolina growers
should plant Kobe lespedeza, advises
E. C. Blair, extension agronomist of
N. C. State college.
-1
COLDFRAMES
Coldframes for starting early vege
table plants should be located in a i
sunny place facing the south, ac-, i
cording to H. R. Niswonger, exten- i
sion horticulturist of N. C. State col- <
lege. 1
- i
fight boll weevil
The coming season should be one
of "total preparedness” in fighting 1
the boll weevil, despite the pest’s •
virtual absence from cotton fields i
last year, says J. O. Rowell of N. C. .
State college. _<
MODERN POULTRY
SYSTEM IS URGED
Breeder Advised Not to Base
Program on Unusual Work
Of Individual Birds
By GENE KNIGHT
Assistant Extension Editor
N. C. State College
RALEIGH, Feb. 2. — <£>) — The
poultry breeder who still bases his
program on the unusual perform
ance of individual birds is just as
behind the times as the modern
army which tries to fight without
tanks and airolanes. Dr rv T-T
tian, poultry geneticist of N. C. State
college, said today.
Little or no measurement of
family averages lias been proved to
be definitely a mistake, he pointed
out. The fanner who is looking for
a place to buy chicks of the better
grades should, inquire if they come
from progeny-tested parents.
During the past 40 years, there
has been a great change in the
methods used in the selection of par
ent stock,- the State college scien
tist said. At first these selections
were based on the performance of
outstanding individuals. If a hen dis
tinguished herself and her owner by
laying 350 eggs in 365 days, her
thicks the following year command
ed a high price.
By the use of this method of se
lecting breeding stock from out
standing individual performers, con
siderable progress was made in rais
ing the average production of a
flock. However, the production of
the daughters of star performers
was nearly always much below that
of the illustrious parents. Sometimes
pullets from a high-producing dam
save a low average production.
Gradually it dawned on the more
progressive breeders that- in order
o produce offspring uniformly good
with large numbers of pullets main
aftiing a high average performance,
t would be necessary to use a breed
ng method more advanced than se
ection based on individual perform
ince.
Breeding would nave ueen a sim
ple matter, Dr. Bostlan said, if like
ilways produced like. In that case,
pne could have a hen having laid
100 eggs with a cockerel from a dam
.vhich had laid more than 300 and
•ear a family of pullets which would
iterate 300 or more eggs.
•• Breeders know now that for pro
luctions of uniformly good pullets it
s necessary to choose breeding birds
Tom families having shown a good
tverage production of 240 eggs an
lually are worth more than a hen
vhich herself had laid 325 eggs but
hose sisters had a 200 average.
This method of using family av
• rages in a breeding program is one
phase of progeny testing. The other
Phase consists of using for the pro
duction of superior offspring ©Id
nailes and females whose daughters,
produced in previous years, showed
i high average production.
Nowadays, Dr. , Bostian declared,
he progressive breeder considers
?gg production just one item of his
program. “He aims also toward sat
sfactory egg size, growth rate, rapid
feathering, conformity to the breed,
and Constitutional vigor. The suc
:ess gained in breeding for every
pne of these depends upon the ex
tent to which family and progeny
testing are practiced.
BLOOD SOUGHT
NEW YORK, Feb. 2.—MV- The
American Red Cross called today
tor volunnteer donors to help it
mild an emergency blook bank for
lational defense. The appeal was
nade by General Robert C. Davis,
sxecutive director of the organiza
ion’s New York chapter, which
vas chosen to initiate the project
iy the Red Crocs and the national
•esearch council at the request of
he surgeon generals of the Army.
RED SKI RACES
MOSCOW, Feb. 2—MV— Three
nilion young communists turned
>ut today for cross-country s k i
aces throughout the northern part
if . Soviet Russia. It v/ac believed
o be the greatest mass movement
iver made on skis. 4
BLUE MOLD CONTROL
Recommended methods of control
Ing blue mold are contained in Ex
ension Service circular No. 229 |
nhich may be obtained free from the
tgricultural Editor at N. C. Staten
ollege in Raleigh. I ■
Farmers In Columbus County Expect'
Good Prices For Berries This Year !
—-' -1 ■ 4
BY JOSEPH S. HUFHAM
(Star Correspondent)
DELCO, Feb. 2—During the past
week we have visited every sec
tion of Columbus' county in which
strawberries are grown. In the
Iron Hall community, Isaac. Nor
ris told us that there had been a
little -Snow down there in his sec
tion, and that berry growers hope
that there, v ill be a blanket Of
flake snow.
We talked with many of the grow
ers and were informed that snow
would retard the early out-growth
of berry blooms and that many
insects would be killed. Farmers
are somewhat afraid of late freezes
catching early berry - blooms.
And this year each grower of
strawberries is hoping for a bum
per crop of fine berries. Last year
thousands upon thousands of dol
lars went into the profit column
for farmers, and because of the
tremendous payrolls being receiv
ed by working men over America,
in comparison with last gear’s ber
ry season, it is generally believed
that berries will sell much higher
this year than they did last, per
haps making- this year an all-time
high.
The farmers who grow berries
are working hard these days,
bringing pine needles into their
berry patches ani scattering them
out like great brown blankets, for
the expected berries to grow upon.
And that is so much for the her- t
ry crop. But we might add that 1
interest is running high toward E
corn and both, Irish and sweet po- *
tato crops, Already corn is selling c
considerably higher than of re
cent years, at this season; and t
with Europe on the -brink, and in e
some instances, in the throes of t
starvation, it is only fair to as- j
sume .that there is going to be a s
generous demand for these farm d
products by harvesting season.
Labor shortage, however, is al- c
ready poking its nose around the c
corner, and is staring wide-eyed t
into the hardy faces of the farm- r
ers who are sticking to their plan- t
tations, c
New Cotton Stamp Plan
Is Favored By Farmers
RALEIGH, Feb. 2.—E. Y. Floyd,
AAA executive officer of N. C- State
college, said today that fpjrmer reac
tion to the cotton stamp plan for re
ducing the 1941 lint acreage has been
unusually favorable.
Briefly, he explained, this is the
way the plan works: A farmer who
voluntarily reduces his cotton acre
age this year will receive stamps at
the rate of, 10 .cents a pound on the
farm's normal yield for the under
planted acreage. Then these stamps
may be used to purchase cotton
goods and clothing from any retail
store.
He explained further that the acre
age must be cut under the 1940 meas
ured acreage or the 1941 allotment,
whichever is the smaller. Under
planting of AAA acreage allotments
this year will not affect allotments
in 1942 and subsequent years.
Limitations have been placed on
the new double-barreled attack on
the cotton surplus, however. In the
case of tenants, sharecroppers, and
owner-operators, not more than $25
worth of the stamps will be issued
to each family.
A $50 limit has been placed on own
ers of more than one farm or of a
farm operated by more than one ten
ant. Landlords and tenants will share
in the stamps in the same proportion
as they share in the crop.
Under the voluntary plan, Floyd
disclosed, a farmer with a 250-pound
normal yield who had 10 acres of cot
ton in 1940 and who has a 10-acre al
lotment in 194i could earn $25 worth
of stamps by planting only nine acres
this year.
On the other hand, if the same
farmer had only nine acres in cotton
last year he would have to reduce
his acreage to eight in 1941 in order
to earn his maximum amount of
stamps.
Complete details of the new pro
gram will be announced in the near
future, Floyd said.
Price Ot Farm Products
Is Expected To Climb
■■■
Improvement in Domestic De
mand for Farm Products
Increasingly Apparent
GUV A. CARDWELL
General Agricultural Agent
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
According to a recent report from
the bureau of agricultural economics,
U. S. department of agriculture, im
provement in the domestic demand
for farm products is becoming in
creasingly apparent. Despite the vir
tual loss of exports markets and a
1940 volume of agricultural produc
tion equal to or in excess of that of
any previous year, the index of prices
received by farmers in December was
5 per cent higher than a year earlier
and a further advance is indicated
for January. Prospective additional
increases in consumer income are ex
pected to result in a continuation of
the improvement in domestic demand
for farm products. Costs of farm pro
duction also are expected to rise.
The bureau said that although the
present high rate of industrial op-'
erations will make difficult the at
tainment of full seasonal industrial
gains during the next few months, in
tensification of efforts to rush pro
duction of war implements for ex
port and for equipment of our own
expanded military machine probably
will result In a further increase in
defense building operations and later
a substantial further increase in in
dustrial output. .
Defense expenditures have now
reached a rate of approximately 500
million dollars per month as com
pared with 153 millions in June of
last year. They would have to aver
age double the present rate in the
1941-42 fiscal year to reach the fig
ure presented in the President’s bud
get message to congress.
neiense activities are already re
sulting in a rapid decrease in unem
ployment. On the basis of prelimi
nary 1940 census data there appar
ently were about 8 million persons
either Without work or on relief jobs
in late March 1940. It is estimated
that the number unemployed or
working on relief jobs in November
was about 2 million less than in
March, although a part of this de
crease was seasonal.
Exports of agricultural commodi
ties continue on a restricted basis.
The value of exports averaged less
than 4 per cent of the total farm in
come from marketings during the 6
months ending last November, com
pared with over 11 per cent in the 6
months immediately preceding. It is
possible that a shortage of shipping
will accentuate the advantages of the
short North Atlantic route to Europe,
and this together with other devel
opments will eventually bring about
a material increase in agricultural
exports, but the near-term outlook is
for little if any improvement in ex
ports of' domestic farm products.
Wholesale commodity prices have
been rising since last August. By
December, prices were higher than at
my time since the outbreak of war
n Europe. The general strength in
vholesale commodity prices reflects
lie improvement in basic demand :
jonditions. Further gains appear 1
irobable in 1941, although there is at
iresent little basis for expecting a 1
irice rise of inflationary proportions. 1
Farm income in December appar- '
ntly declined less than the usual sea- 1
ional amount; marketings contin- 1
Potato Demonstration
Train Will Be Opened
MOREHEAD CITY, Feb. 2
—Iff)—Irish potato growers of
Carteret and Craven counties
will come here tomorrow to
inspect the second annual po
tato demonstration train.
The N. C. State college agri
cultural extension service and
the state and federal depart
ments of agriculture are co
operating in presenting ex
hibits of improved potato pro
duction and distribution. The
train will stop in Bayboro Tues
day, Belhaven Wednesday, Co
lumbia Thursday, Elizabeth
City and Camden Friday and
Sbawboro Saturday.
ued large, and there was a further
increase in the index of prices re
ceived by farmers. Improvement in
the domestic demand for farm pro
ducts accompanying the recent sub
stantial increases in industrial output
and consumer income, together with
the effect of national farm programs
in stabilizing prices of basic farm
commodities, has been sufficient to
more than offset the effects of great
ly reduced exports and has resulted
in an increase in the general level
of prices received by farmers and in
cash income from farm marketings.
The situation by commodities of
particular interest to Southern farm
ers follows:
Cotton—The average price of spot
cotton, middling 15-16”, in the ten
spot cotton markets was 10.13 cents
ner nminri nn January 12 rnmnnreH
with 9.86 a month earlier and 10.80
a year ago. Cotton consumption in
December reached an all-time high
of 775,000 bales and the seasonally
adjusted index of cotton consumption
rose to 145 per cent of the 1935-39
average compared with the previous
high of 135 reached in the preceding
month. Mill activity is continuing at
about the same level in the United
Kingdom as in recent weeks. In Ja
pan, where stocks of textiles are re
ported to be about 10 times as large
as current monthly exports, mill ac
tivity is still being gradually reduced.
Exports of American cotton totaled
107,000 bales during December, rais
ing the total for the season to 603,
000 bales. These figures are 13 and
19 per cent, respectively, of the cor
responding 1939 figure.
Feed Grains—Stocks of corn on
January 1 totaled 2,003,000,000 bush
els, 138,000,000 bushels of which were
sealed or held by the federal govern
ment. Disappearance of corn is ex
pected to be considerably smaller
luring the period January-September
L941 than in this i)eriod of 1940, and
a. record carry-over is in prospect
’or next October 1. Corn prices ad
vanced about 4 cents per bushel dur
ng the past month; oats and barley
trices advanced slightly.
Hogs—Hog production in 1940 was
imaller than in 1939. The 1940 pig
:rop totaled 77.0 million head, corn
ered with the record crop of 85.9
nillion head in 1939. Present indi
:ations are that a further reduction
rill occur in this year’s -spring crop.
Jog prices have risen sharply in re
ent weeks, as hog marketings de
reased from the high level of early
ycvieuiuei.
Beef Cattle—Slaughter supplies of
rain-fed cattle will be larger this
pring and summer than a year
arlier, since there were 11 per cent
lore cattle on feeds this January 1
ban last. Prices of slaughter cat
le strengthened materially in late
lecember, and so far in January the
dvance has been well maintained,
nspected cattle slaughter in the cal
ndar year 1940 totaled about 3 per
ent larger than in 1939.
Potatoes—Market prices of pota
aes in early January, slightly low-'
r than a month earlier and substan
ially lower than in early January
940, reflected the unusually large
upplies available and in prospect
uring the next several months.
Truck Crops—There was little
hange in the.general level of truck
rop prices during the last month,
ut the prospects is for increased
larketing and lower prices during
lie next several months if weather
editions are favorable.
NURSERYMEN SEEI
TO CURB PEDDLER!
| Prof. Gardner Urges Public t
i Deal Only With Reliable
Licensed Nurserymen
An appeal to the plant and tree
: buying public to beware of irres
1 ponsible peddlers, and to deal onl;
with reliable licensed nurserymen
1 is issued by Prof. M. E. Gardner
head of the horticulture depart
ment at N. C. State college. Chea]
nursery stock is the most expen
sive investment that can possibl;
be made by the farmer or homi
owner, he declared.
Prof. Gardner said that it wa
agreed at the recent Nurserymens
Short Course held at State coiieg
to conduct a campaign to acquain
the public with some of the evils o
the unlicensed, “cure-all” peddle
of nursery stock, and remedies fo
diseases and insects. In this con
. nection, the horticultural leader
saii:
.mere are some people, Know]
to nurserymen as peddlers, wh
either buy inferior or cheap nur
sery stock, or collect plants fron
the woods, and jell them withou
regard to their quality or real val
ue. Yoy no doubt have bought ;
white dogwood when you thugh
you were buying a pink dogwood
It takes several years to discovej
this, and then you regret that yoi
did not purchase the plant from ;
reliable nurseryman. The sam<
thing is often true when buying va
rieties of fruit trees.”
"All persons or firms in Nortt
Carolina are required by law t<
have a license in order to sell nur
sery stock. This license is intend
ed to be somewhat of a guarantee
to the customer. In buying fron
a licensed nurseryman, the cus
tomer is assured that the plant!
have been rigidly inspected for in
sects and diseases. A reliable nur
seryman is always willing to re
place within a reasonable perioc
stock which dies after having beer
cared for as directed.
Nursery Business Is Exacting
“Most people would not think o;
buying milk from an un-inspectec
dairy, yet they seem willing to buj
nursery stock from almost anj
source as long as the price is right
The nursery business is an exact
ing one. It takes time and consid
erable expense to propagate anc
grow plants to salable size. Your
nurseryman is a business man
just the same as your grocer, ano
he should receive the same con
sideration.”
Prof. Gardner's warning is espe
cially timely, since much of the
promiscuous buying is done in the
early spring when the urge comes
to cultivate the ground and planl
something. He suggests that il
would be much better to make
plans far enough in advance thal
a reliable nurseryman could pre
pare the plants and deliver them
at the best time of the year.
The horticulturist also caution
ed against buying “cure-all reme
dies” for the control of diseases
and insects, and the rapid promo
tion of growth. “Irresponsible per
sons who go about offering such
remedies usually state that they
have developed a formula which,
if injected into the tree, will pro
mote some growth factor, or else
eliminate insects and diseases en
tirely. These people probably ac1
in good faith, but their remedies
are of no value.” Prof. Gardner de
clared.
In some instances fruit trees are
sold to farmers by salesmen who
promise to come back and prune
and spray them for two or three
years. The State college leader
says he knows of numerous cases
of this kind, “and after the stock is
sold and planted, the farmer rare
ly ever sees the salesman again.”
Suggestions To Nurserymen
Prof. Gardner says that nursery
men frequently have calls from
people who claim that they are
nursey salesmen, and ask for a
dealer discount. He warns that
such people frequently have no
knowledge of nursery stock and
may only be buying for their own
use. He suggests that reliable nur
serymen take advantage of the ex
isting law which requires that all
dealers of nursery stock obtain a
license. "If nurserymen would re
quire such dealers to show their
certificate before allowing a dis
count, this evil would soon van
ish and the nursery business would
be placed on a much higher
plane, lie siaieu.
In conclusion, Prof. Gardner
said: “Remember, your local nur
seryman is your best friend when
you are in the market for orna
mentals or frujt plants. In addi
tion to selling you inspected plants
he is always glad to advise with
you concerning the proper methods
of pruning, fertilization, and in
sect and disease control.”
TOURS PORTSMOUTH
LONDON, Feb. 2.—Wi—The press
was permitted today to report that
Prime Minister Churchill con
tinued undisturbed on a tour of
damaged Portsmouth last Friday
while a new air raid was in pro
gress.
HOGS
Most profits are obtained from
feeding and marketing intermediate
sized hogs, according to Ellis V. Ves
tal, swine specialist of the N. C.
State college extension service.
f I" ' I 'MM ■ ■■
L Mecklenburg Farmers
j Adopt Five-Year-Plan
CHARLOTTE, Feb. 2- It may
sound Communistic, but farmers
1 of Mecklenburg county are going
in heavily for a five-year plan, re
ports 0. H. Phillips, farm agent of
the N. C. State College Extension
Service.
However, this is an agreement
. between cooperating farmers and
r the Soil Conservation Service for
fighting soil erosion, one of the
country’s worst enemies. The plan
! stretches over a period of five
, years on each farm.
The popularity of the program
, indicates that farmers are realiz
, ing the seriousness of the erosion
menace, Agent Phillips said.
; TREES ALLOTTED
: TO SOIL SECTIONS
More Than 2,750,000 Seed
lings Provided for Erosion
1 Control in State
)
i xvAj-*xuAvjm, reu. z.-—iviure man 4,
■ 750,000 tree seedlings for erosion con.
trol and reforestation plantings have
! been allotted by soil conservation
service nurseries to North Carolina’s
1 2 soil conservation districts, it was
announced today by E B. Garrett,
state SCS coordinator with headquar
ters at N. C. State college. The soil
conservation districts were organized
with the assisance of farm agents
i and soil conservationists of tile State
’ college extension service.
[ Of the 1941 tree seedlings, 2,500,000
are pines and 250,000 are hardwoods.
In addition, 3,090,000 kudzu plants
and 326,670 shrubs have also been al
lotted to North Carolina districts,
Garret said. The hardwood trees in
clude black locust, yellow poplar, cat
alpa, and ash.
Since the beginning of the erosion
control program in North Carolina
in 1934, nearly 20 million trees and
seven million kudzu plants have
been distributed by the soil conserva
tion service to district farmers.
‘‘Kudzu,” Gurrett said, ‘‘is rapidly
gaining in favor as a dual purpose
plant. It is not only an affective
erosion control plant, but it also fur
nishes high quality hay and pasture.
Prior to its wide-spread use as a farm
crop, kudzu was used principally to
provide shade for porches. It w-as
sometimes called ‘telephone vine.1 ”
In areas not included in the soil
conservation districts the distribution
of tree seedlings is concentrated in
orders placed with the state forest
nurseries by county farm agents. The
TVA also distributes trees in west
ern North Carolina to demonstration
farmers.
- -!_
Manhattan Is Expected
To Be Floated Soon
. .WEST PALM BEACH, Fla., Feb.
2.—(B—Salvage crews apparently
neared success today in efforts to
refloat the grounded liner Manhat
tan from a sandbar nine miles
north of here.
F. O. Pontius, dockmaster at
Palm Beach terminal, said three
tugs, aided by an early morning
tide, made considerable progress
and that the big vessel continued
to slide toward open sea through
out the day.
The 24,000 ton steamer went
aground Jan. 1. 4
SAFE
LONDON, Feb. 2.—(*>—A five
word message received in London
today by Richard Beaumont an
nounced that his mother, Mrs.
Sibyl Collings Beaumont Hatha
way, Dame of Sar, and his step
father, Robert Hathaway, were
safe. 4
LOSES CITIZENSHIP
VICHY, France, Feb. 2.— Wl— 1
The government announced today :
that former Vice Admiral Emile 1
Mueelier, commander of the “Free 1
French naval forces’’ cooperating 1
with General Charles de Gaulle, i
had been deprived of citizenship 1
because he left the country with- i
out permission. ]
One-half of the supply of feld
spar in the United States is mined ;
in North Carolina. 4lj
POULTRY INDUSTRY
EXPANSION URGED
Parrish Says More Emphasis
Placed on Broilers Than
On Laying Hens
RALEIGH, Feb. 2.—An extension
of the North Carolina poultry Indus
try was urged today by C. F. Par
rish, extension poultryman of N. C.
college—but on one condition.
He said Eastern North Carolina
farmers have already swelled their
flocks In view of the tremendous
building boom created by the Army,
but he warned that the expansion
should be safe and sane both in -1 he
production of eggs and meat.
At the present time, he explained,
I more emphasis is being placed on
broilers than on laying hens, al
though storage stocks of dressedl
poultry are the largest on record. Yet
total supplies for the first half of
this year are expected to be smaller
than in the first half of 1940.
Present conditions indicate thatj
the cost of producing a 2 1-2 pound
broiler this year will range betw.een
33 and 36 cents. This includes ths
cost of the chick, feed and fuei.
Breaking the expenses down, Pare
rish said the chick cost accounts for
28 to 31 cents, feed for 60 to 60 pec
cent, and fuel from 5 to 6 per cent.
"It Is all right to expand flocks
safely and sanely,” the State col
lege specialist declared, ‘‘but farm
ers should beware of plunging Intel
the business without first giving it a
thorough study.”
al is uue mere win ue inousana^
of persons to feed,” he continued,
"but a large percentage of these were
already consumers and residents of
the state. Their addresses have been
changed only temporarily as a result
of the defense program. This applies
both to workers and soldiers now in
Army camps.”
Parrish expects an all time high tq
the number of chickens raised on
North Carolina farms this year.
TOBACCOPROBLEM
SOLUTION PLANNED
Tear Gas May Prove Effec
tive in War on Root Knot
And Black Root Rot
RALEIGH, Feb. 2.—Tear gas may
provide the solution to one of the
vexing problems of tobacco growers
—the control of soil-borne diseases
such as root knot and black root
rot—says L. T. Weeks, extension to
bacco specialist of N. C. State col
lege. The chemical Is known scien
tifically as "chloropicrin.”
Weeks reported that recent work
by tobacco disease men in the fed
eral bureau of plant industry, iq
cooperation with several state ex
periment stations, indicates that tear
gas may prove effective for use iq
tobacco plant beds. Further tests
may be made, however, before the
federal men can recommend^ the
treatment.
The state college specialist point*
ed out that calcium cynanamide is
being used successfully to Control
weeds in tobacco plant beds, but
it apparently has no effect on soil
borne diseases. A combination of cy*
anamide and tear gas would -solve
two major problems of leaf growers.
Until the gas treatment is perfect*
ed, Weeks continues to recommend
that growers use new land for their
seed beds each year. "We recognize
the fact that suitable new land for
plant beds is becoming scarce, but
this is now the only certain way of
controlling soil borne diseases,M the
extension man declared.
"Many of the diseases Which lower
the yield and quality of the tobacco
crop In the field are carried from
the plant bed. Calcium cyandmide
is effective against weeds, but not
against diseases. For years research
men have been looking for a chemi*
cal sterilizer that would control both
diseases and weeds. The use of tear
gas combined with syanamide may
be the answer, and we are hoping
that the treatment can be pexTected
In the next year or two.’’
Racing cars are ‘‘tom down1'
after each major event, and worn
parts are replaced. 4
Use Of German 8-Man Gliders
In English Invasion Forecast
SAN FERNANDO, Calif., Feb. 2.—
UP)—William Hawley Bowlus, glider
manufacturer and pilot, predicts Ger
many will use thousands of 8-man
gliders in an invasion of England.
Bowlus has been a soaring pilot
since 1910, when, at the age of 14, he
built his first glider. Many years
later he set a record by remaining
aloft in one for nine hours. He aided
in production of Charles Lindbergh's
Trans-Atlantic plane, Spirit of St.
Louis, and afterward taught Col. and
Mrs. Lindbergh to glide
"Some time ago,” Bowlus said in
an interview. "I learned that Ger
many sas producing eight-place
gliders at the rate of 400 to 500 a
month- She must have many thou
sands available today.”
Here is the way Bowlus pictures a
jlider invasion of England:
“Starting from France, or even
Germany, a powerful bomber wdl]
tow a train o’f ter. of the eight-place
gliders to an altitude of 20.000 feet.
“Here they will be cut loose and
glide silently in formation across the
channel, hundreds at a time.
"Parachute troops are at a disad
vantage in that they make good tar
gets while slowly drifting down and
:hey cannot carry full infantry equip
ment.
"Glider troops, on the other hand,
:an carry not only machine guns,
put ample ammunition and food. A
single bomber, towing ten gliders,
:an start an entire machine-gun com
pany of 80 men on a silent cross*
ihannel glide."
Bowlus says that since 1939, when
le learned Germany had 68,500 regis
ered glider pilots and the United
states 365, he has contended Ameri*
:a’s air defense program has a glar
ng weakness.

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