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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, April 23, 1943, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Americans U se Captured German Tank Destroyer
I S. soldiers ride on a captured German tank de stroycr which was taken in a battle with the en
emy's 10th Panzer Division in central Tunisia. Equipped with a 75mm. gun and diual controls for oper
ating forwards or backwards, the armored tank buster was used against the Axis after an American star
had been painted on its sides.__ _
ShippingForWilmington I
DiscussedWith Governor
War-time and post-war shipping for North Carolina’s
ports was discussed at a special session of the Wilmington
Port commission and the Morehead City Port commission
with Governor J. M. Broughton in New Bern Wednesday
night, Cyrus Hogue, chairman of the commission here, re
vealed Thursday.
He said that he was rrot at liberty to disclose details
of the conference, which was can-i
ed at Governor Broughton’s re
The conference apparently comes
as the latest development in a
long campaign staged by the port
commission, the port-traffic asso
ciation and allied groups to gain a
share of war shipping for the port
of Wilmington.
As a result of the efforts of the
groups, several of the Liberty
freighters constructed at the yards
i of the North Carolina Shipbuilding
company here have been loaded at
terminals here before sailing from
the port.
Present at the conference In
New Bern from Wilmington were
' Chairman Hogue, J. T. Heirs, exec
utive general agent of the commis
sion and Chairman Addison Hew
lett of the county board of com
Also present at the conference
were Stanley Woodland, George R.
Wallace, H. S. Gibbs and Walter
Hufhan, all of Morehead City, and
Leo Harvey of Kinston.
Nine Year Old Killed By
Army Truck On High
way At Scott’s Hill
A nine-year-old girl was killed
and her eight-year-old sister in
jured when the bicycle on which
they were riding was struck by an
Army truck in front of their home
at Scotts Hill, 12 miles from here,
Thursday afternoon.
Clara Edens, who was riding on
the rear of the bicycle, died before
she could be brought to James
Walker Memorial hospital here
from the scene of the accident.
Her sister, Betty Edens, who was
operating the bicycle, suffered a
broken arm and other injuries and
was descibed as in satisfactory
condition by attendants at the hos
pital Thursday night.
The girls were the daughters of
Mr. and Mrs. Luther Edens of
Scotts Hill.
According to Cpl. Whitley of the
state highway patrol at Burgaw,
county seat of Pender county in
which the accident occured, the
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 5)
Mayor Yow Receives Tele
gram Confirming Approv
al Of Further Money
Confirming a letter to City Man
ager A. C. Nichols from the Fed
eral Works agency earlier this
week, Representative J. Bayard
Clark of Fayetteville, wired Mayor
Edgar L. Tow Thursday afternoon
that President Roosevelt had just
approved a $4,420 grant for the op
eration of the Woodrow Wilson hut,
soldier recreation center here.
The text of the telegram:
“The President has just today ap
proved Project NC 31-M-19 grant
ing $4,420 to aid in operation of
recreation for service men.”
The allocation is the result of
an application by the city for $93,
045 in Lanham act funds to oper
ate various recreational projects for
soldiers and civilians here, includ
ing the hut which unti last month
was operated as a city-county-spon
sored WPA project.
At (present, both local govern
ments are providing funds for the
hut on a joint emergency basis.
The Lanham act application,
made last December, requested $8,
340 for the operation of the hut
from December 1, 1942 through
June 30, 1943, and officials here haz
arded the guess that the $4,420 allo
cation was to cover operation of
the hut for the remainder of the
fiscal year.
Shipworkers’ Official
Predicts Labor Problem
NEW YORK, April 22.—CP)—H.
Gerrish Smith, president of the
Shipbuilders Council of America,
said today manpower was becoming
an increasingly difficult problem for
the nation's shipyards and that un
less the situation improved, meet
ing production potentials might be
Smith, speaking at the annual
meeting of the council, formerly the
builders, said that during 1942 pri
builders, said thta during 1942 pri
vate shipyards formed the only
major industry that exceeded Pres
ident Roosevelt’s directives for war
production, turning out 8.990,000
deadweight tons and planning for
20,000,000 this year.
Negro Dining Car Cook
Convicted Of Murder
ing Navy Bride
! ALBANY Ore., April 22.—^ —
Robert E. Lee Folkes, Negro din.
ing car cook, today was convicted
of murder in the sleeping car slay
ing of Mrs. Martha Virginia
.Tames. The jury made no clemen
cy recommendation, making the
death penalty mandatory.
The 20-year-old Negro thus be
came subject to death in the gas
chamber at the Oregon state pen
The jury deliberated 17 hours,
23 minutes.
Folkes was convicted of sneak
ing into the lower 13 berth of Mrs.
James, bride of a naval officer,
and slashing her throat when she
resisted him as the train thunder
ed through the snow-mantled Ore
gon countryside last January 23.
The Negro, without emotion dur
ing the trial, sat motionless and
'seemingly uninterested as a bail
iff read the lines which meant he
might lose his life.
Ensign Richard F. James, hus
band of the 21-year-old Norfolk,
Va., victim, drew two deep breaths
as the verdict was read, but oth
erwise seemed unaffected.
The most affected person in tne
courtroom seeminggly was LeRoy
Lomax, Folkes' attorney, who
made an impassioned, sometimes
tearful statement to the court aft.
er asking for a poll of the jury.
Lomax waved time for passing
sentence. Judge I.. G. Lewelling
asked if Tuesday, April 27 would
be satisfactory, and when Lomax
agreed, the judge called him to
chambers for a conference.
As Folkes was brought into the
courtroom to hear the jury’s deci
sion, a Negro friend, William Pol
lard, tried to shake his hand. A
state policeman leaped between
them. There was no disturbance.
As Folkes was being led from
the courtroom after the verdict,
state policeman Curtis Chambers
took Folkes by the arm. The Ne
gro, with a show of anger, shook
him loose. Chambers leaped upon
him, and another policeman grab
bed the prisoner’s arm.
As he rose from his chair for
the march back to his cell, Folkes
had yawned.
Judge Lewelling, after confer
ring with Lomax, set the date for
sentencing Monday, April 26 at
1:30 P. M.
Lomax said he would move at
that time for an arrest of judg
ment. If that is denied, he said,
he would seek a new trial before
Judge Lewelling. Failing in that,
he said he would file notice of ap
peal to the state supreme court.
Tlje murder dates back to the
early morning of January 23 when
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 7)
North Carolina: Warmer today.
(By IT. S. Weather Bureau)
Meteorological data for the 24 hours
ending 7:30 p. m., yesterday.
1:30 a. m., 48; 7:30 a. m., 44; 1:30
P m., 62; 7:30 p. m., 58; maximum,
62 minimum, 41; mean, 49; normal, 64.
1:30 a. m., 74; 7:30 a. m., 84; 1:30
P- m., 60; 7:30 p. m., 75.
Total for the 24 hours ending 7:30
P m„ o.OO inches. Total since the first
of the month. 1.94 inches.
Tides For Today
'From the Tide Tables published by
v S. Coast and Geodetic Survey).
High Low
'V liming ton _ 11:59a 7:04a
-p 7:00p
Masonboro Inlet_9:46a 3:55a
% 10:20p 3:57p
Moore’s Inlet _ 9:51a 4:00p
10:25p 4:02p
Topsail Inlet _. 9:56a 4:05a
(Elmore’s) _ 10:30p 4:07p
Sunrise. 5:31a: sunset. 6:49p; moon
*J f‘- 10:23p; moonset. 8:03a.
Cape Fear river stage at Fayette
ville on Thursday, at * a. m., 30.39
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. *)
Jap Executions Of U.S.
Airmen Spur Bond Sale
WASHINGTON, April 22.— Wl —
Stirred by the Japanese executions
of captured American airmen,
many cities and states today over- i
shot their quotas in the $13,000,
000,000 Second War Loan campaign
or upped their goals.
New York announced that the
Second Federal Reserve district
had oversubscribed by $475,000,000
its $3,000,000,000 quota for non
banking buyers, and had declared
a new quota for four billion dol
Mayor F. H. LaGuardia of New
York City, speaking at a bond
rally, denounced the Japanese ex
ecutions and called upon people
to express their indignation with
additional bond purchases.
Chicago reported that bond sales
in Lake and Cook counties leaped
from $6,000,000 to $15,000,000 in
the first day after President Roose
velt announced what the Japanese
had done.
' The state of Indiana reported it
had oversubscribed its quota by
“Let this be Omaha’s answer
to those barbaric murderers,” said
O. W. Swanson, chairman of the
Omaha War Finance committee,
as he agreed to a request that the
city’s quota be increased by $5,
000,000 to a total of $20,574,000.
The state of Iowa raised its
sights on the drive by $10,000,000.
The Boston Stock Exchange an
nounced that for the first time in
its history it would remain open
on Good Friday — tomorrow — not
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 2)
British Smash Into German Lines
'South Of Tunis As Battle Rages;
Reds Destroy Hundreds Of Nazis
Germans Still Attacking
Kuban River Valley Lines
Near Novorossisk
Russian Air Force Smashes
At Enemy Ports; Shoot
Down 13 Planes
LONDON, Friday, April 23.
—(flP)—Soviet troops mowed
down hundreds of Germans
still attacking their Kuban
river valley lines above the
enemy bridgehead at Novoros
sisk in the Caucasus, and the
Red air force made mass
raids on Nazi military forma
tions and other targets, Mos
cow announced early today.
Three hundred Germans
were killed in attempting to |
take one hilltop and hundreds
also fell in another sector,
said the midnight communi
que recorded by the Soviet
Soviet Air Force Strikes
The Soviet Baltic fleet’s air
force attacking enemy ports in
that area was said to have caused
serious damage to installations,
shot down 13 planes, and de
stroyed a patrol ship and three
troop landing craft.
This presumably referred to the'
attack on Kotka on the Finnish
coast midway between Leningrad
and Hensinki. A Finnish commu
nique hsd reported earlier that
a Soviet assault on that port was
repelled by Finnish anti-aircraft
On the front west of Moscow
the Russian communique said one
enemy infantry company was an
nihilated and three artillery and
mortar batteries silenced by Rus
sian guns. South of Bely, 80 miles
northwest of Smolensk, another
Soviet group killed 60 Germans
and blew up two blockhouses and
an artillery battery.
The constant German attacks in
the Caucasus apparently were
aimed at retaining a foothold
there for future operations when
the ground becomes firmer and at
the same time keep the Russians
from employing their full strength
elsewhere on the long front.
Some of the most violent air bat
tles of the war were unfolding.
The official news agency Tass re
ported that the invader had con
centrated several hundred planes
in the single Kuban area of the
Caucasus and that neither by day
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 4)
Japs Threaten American Airmen;
Doolittle Forecasts More Raids
- n j. i
U. S. General Promises To
Drop Explosives For Men
Who Died In Japan
(By the Associated Press)
Japanese propagandists declare
American fliers who bomb Japan in
the future will be riding on “a one
way ticket to hell,” but the man
who did it once—and hopes to do
it again—predicts that avenging
Yankees will batter the island em
pire •, time and time again until it
"crumbles and they beg for mer
“We will drop each bomb in mem
ory’ of our murdered comrades,”
grimly declared Maj. Gen. James
H. Doolittle when informed in North
Africa yesterday (Thursday) that the
Japanese have executed some of
the men lost in the raid he led on
Tokyo a year ago.
“Our bombs will not be missing
their mark,” Doolittle added.
It was plaid that Doolittle, now
in command of the Allied strategic
bombing force in North Africa, and
all the men who accompanied him
on the daring raid, are far from
being intimidated by the Japanese
atrocity. They all want to be in
on the next Tokyo attack.
Said Capt. Howard A. Sessler of
Arlington, Mass., a member of
Doolittle’s force:
“The day will come when these
atrocities will be avenged.^ I hope
I am among the avengers.”
His reaction was typical.
Obviously an attempt to Intimi
date the United States Air Force,
the Japanese reference to a “one
way ticket to hell” implied a threat
to execute every airman captured.
The broadcast, recorded by the
Federal Communications Commiss
ion, followed a Domie news agency
broadcast beamed at the United
States two days ago announcing
execution of some of Dbolittle s com
panions and saying “this same pol
icy will continue to be enforced In
the future.”
A statement from the War De
partment In Washington said that
a further raid on Tokyo was a de
cided possibility.”
Stressing ominously that Japan
would “leave nothing undone” to
prevent future aerial attacks, the
latest English-language warning
from Tokyo said: “And by the way,
don’t forget, America—make sure
that every flier that comes here
has a special pass to Hell and rest
assured it’s strictly a one-way tick
President Roosevelt’s protest
against the execution of some of
Doolittle’s men was countered by;
Domie with the assertion that “the
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 5)
■—-— i
RAF Attacks Carrier
Systems In Occupied
Countries Of Europe
LONDON, April 22. — (F) —
Ending a 12-hour lull in the Al
lied aerial pounding of the con
tinent, the RAF attacked rail
ways, shipping and other mili
tary targets today in a series
of extended raids over France,
Belgium and Holland.
At least one locomotive was
destroyed and three others
were damaged near Ghent in
Belgium, the Air Ministry re
ported. Another train attacked
at la Citadelle, just east of Lil
le, France apparently was car
rying troops, as the pilot re
ported seeing men in uniform
scrambling to safety.
Fighting planes diving on a
flotilla of four ships off the
east coast of Holland severely
damaged an E-boat and an
armed trawler. Trains also w-ere
bombed and machinegunned in
the St. Genois area and barges
on the Lys canal were hit.
The heavy daylight raids re
sumed a ’round-the-clock of
fensive against the Nazis which
up to Wednesday night had
been sustained for nine days
and nights, during which a
weight of bombs unprecedented
in aerial warfare were hurled
on Hitler’s military installa
Japan’s Base In Gilbert
Island Heavily Damaged
By American Bombs
WASHINGTON, April 22.— —
Japan’s Nauru base in the Gilbert
islands, a strategic outpost guard
ing the southern approaches to the
great Truk bastion in the South
Pacific, was heavily damaged
Wednesday by Army bombers in
a long-range daylight attack.
The Navy announced the action
today in a communique which de
scribed the raiding force as large
and reported that despite heavy
anti-aircraft fire and resistance
from fighter planes “much dam
age was done to Japanese instal
“U. S. pilots shot down five and
possibly seven Zero fighters,” the
communique said. “All U.S. planes
Thousands of miles away, in the
North Pacific, another Army air
force under Naval command con
tinued its remorseless pounding of
the Japanese base on Kiska island.
The enemy camp and airfields in
the-making were bombed and
strafed Thursday in the 113th raid
on the island this month.
The attack on Mauru stirred
speculation that it might indicate
coming events of importance in
the South Pacific war zone.
The little island, a volcanic-coral
outjutting, stands on the northeast
ern flank of a corridor of rela
tively open sea from American
bases in the vicinity of the New
Hebrides to the Caroline islands
in the north. The great Japanese
naval base of Truk stands at the
northwestern end of this corridor.
On a strictly geographical basis,
the corridor furnishes one of the
avenues of approach for a sea
(Continued on Page Two: Col. 6)
Murder Of U. S. Fliers
Adds Fuel To Argument
Over Pacific War
WASHINGTON, April 22. — «p) —
The “murder in cold blood” of
American Army fliers captured
by the Japanese after last year’s
raid on Japan has added explosive
fuel to the fire of controversy over
.Pacific strategy, Army observers
They foresee, not only a rising
tide of public anger against in
enemy capable of committing such
acts, but sharpened demands for
expedited offensive action against
the Japanese.
Demands from Australia for sub
stantial reinforcement of General
MacArthur’s Southwestern Pacific
command in the face of ever in
creasing enemy concentrations to
the north have not been stilled by
Secretary Stimson’s assurances of
last week that adequate air and
other equipment would be provid
ed to “counter” Japanese moves.
Only yesterday a spokesman for
General MacArthur renewed his
chief’s blunt warning of intensi
fying enemy activity north of the
no-man’s sea.
"The Japanese forces continue
to increase,” he said, adding a
"hope” that forces available to
meet the rising threat would in
crease “to match” those of the
Undresecretary of War Patter-!
son, at a press conference today, I
did not go beyond Stimson’s pre-|
vious assurances that MacArthur’s
air power wouy be supplement
ed. He did point out, however,
that in both the South and South
west Pacific, in the Aleutian thea
ter off Alaska and in Europe
American airmen are carrying the
war to the enemy and dealing
heavy blows at his planes, ship
ping and industrial installations.
Disclosure of the new Japanese
atrocity came at a time when
pressure for aggressive action
against Japan both in the Austral
ian zone and in the Aleutians was
rising. First reactions in Con
gress to the executions, officially
castigated as “murder in cold
blood” by official American com
munication, went farther than ex
pressions of horror. They called
for prompt retaliation, which un
der this government’s policy would
be possible at present only in the
form of offensive military action.
(Undersecretary of War Patter
son made plain today that there
would be no retaliation against
Japanese prisoners; that punish-,
ment would be reserved for the
Allies Continue Driving
Against Axis Positions In
Tunisian War
Germans Throw Number Of
First Line Units Into
Fray With Losses
allied headquar.
April 22. _ (ff) _ British
Eighth Army infantry, using
bayonets and grenades,
smashed into Axis mountain
nests south of Tunis today in
an unhalted advance after the
First Army crushed a diver
sionary blow west of the cap
ital by destroying 27 tanks
and capturing 500 elite Ger
man troops.
The Eighth Army was re
ported to have gained three
miles north and west of En
fidaville since the offensive
began in that sector Monday
night, and a spokesman said
violent fighting, much of it
hand-to-hand, raged all day.
Anderson Holds Attack
In the north Lieut. Gen. K. A.
N. Anderson’s first army, includ
ing parachute troops, withstood _a
powerful German counterattack
aimed at easing the pressure on
Marshal Rommel’s southern forces,
and Inflicted “considerable casual
ties’’ on the enemy southeast of
• Medjze-el-Bab.
| Five battalions of crack German
' troops, including three from the
Hermann Goering Jaeger regiment
and one from the Goering Grena
diers were thrown against the
First Army lines Tuesday night on
an eight-mile front between Med
jez-el-Bab and Goubellat.
At least 70 German tanks also
were put into the struggle later,
but the British destroyed a third of
them, including two 60-ton Mark
VI Tigers.
The Germans attacked by moon
light, apparently trying to capture
the hills in a “V’’ formed by the
roads leading from Medjez-al-Bab
to Goubellat and el Aroussa.
But they met such strong opposi
tion and suffered such heavy loss
es that there was only minor infil
tration of the British lines. By
Dawn the Axis decided to give up
(Continued on Page Ten; Col. 3)
j -
Walter Lippmann Says:
Many Factors Involved
In Disarming Germany
; It is clear that when we shall
have disarmed the German forces
now in being, we shall not yet
have disarmed Germany. We shall
merely have won the power to
take measures which deal with the
German war potential from which
came the Kaiser’s army and then
Hitler’s army, from which could
come again another conquering
For after the unconditional sur
render there will remain the train
ed formations, the corps of offi
cers, the staff organization, the
whole administrative machinery of
total mobilization. There will re
main, though it be driven under
ground, the Nazi party machine
and the secret police. There will
remain also the German war in
dustry with its tools, its know-how,
its laboratories, its technicians and
its management.
Merely to deprive Germany of
her existing stocks of weapons
would, therefore, be only a tem
porary disarmament. Moreover, if
this is all we did, it would be in
the interest of German militarism
to have us do it. For it would pro
vide what the Germans like to call
a creative pause. The victorious
Allies would find themselves en
cumbered with immense stocks of
obsolescent weapons and of vic
torious, but rapidly aging, mili
tary commanders. The disarmed
Germans would have a fresh start
to concentrate on the weapons and
the tactics of the next war. This
is what happened between 1918 and
1939 when the French armv pre-j
pared for the last war while the
disarmed Germans, as well as the
disarmed Russians, prepared for
this war.
If the war potential is intact, a
new armed force can be trained
and equipped in a period of from
three to five years. The war po
tential is, therefore, our all im
portant concern. It consists of the
general staff, the corps of officers,
the bureaucracy and organized in
dustry. Of these elements the most
difficult to deal with, because they
are the most elusive, are the gen
eral staff and the corps of offi
cers. For they will go underground,
as they did in 1918, and there they
will make their plans for the re
vival of their power. The Allies
have no way of watching them and
of dealing with them directly and
conclusively. Only an overwhelm
German desire to liquidate this
military cast can really liquidate
it. The genuine desire will not
exist, though, as we shall see,
measures can and should be taken
to induce and promote it.
The question then is to know
what to take hold of in Germany,
and the answer must be, as the
Netherlands ambassador, Dr. Lou
don, pointed out recently in some
brief but penetrating remarks,
that the heart of the problem is
. . . Germany’s industry.” Steel
mills, power houses, railroads and
fabricating plants with machine
tools cannot go underground. With
them another army can be equip
ped. Without them another army
cannot be equipped — no matter
what military schemes army offi
cers hatch in secret conspiracy.
Dr. Loudon proposes that the
i (Continued oil Page Ten; Col. 1)
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)
Postoiiice To Remain
Open Later Saturday
Due To Easter Crowd
Post office windows will re
main open until the regular
week-day closing time on Sat
urday in order to accommodate •
Easter mailings, Postmaster W.
R. Dosher announced Thursday.
Persons expecting flowers by
special delivery must leave
someone at hrime to sign for
their packages Saturday even
ing and Sunday, inasmuch as
only one attempt will be made
to make delivery, and no pack
ages will be left without signa
tures, Mr. Dosher said.
Public Building Clean-Up
Urged By Committee Here
As the campaign to clean and
beautify Wilmington went into the
last days of the week-long drive,
the Clean-Up campaign committee
saw evidences of activity in pri
vate homes but reported Thurs
day that “there are still plenty of
eyesores in the heart of town.
School students, bringing in re
ports of clean-up progress in their
homes, had manifest the most in
terest in the campaign, it was
According to the committee,
some of the buildings now serv
ing the public most heavily are
“in disgraceful condition.”
“If some of the buildings which
the public here uses everyday .
should witness a wholesale clean- j
ing of windows, even that would
be a help,” one member com
“At a time when public morale
needs all the boost it can get, we
heartily recommend that a real
effort be exerted to get our public
buildings thoroughly cleaned. It
may not be possible to go in for
extensive repairs and painting,
but good old-fashioned scrubbing
is not an impossibility,” the com
mittee declared.
Recommended for the attention
of occupants of public buildings
in Wilmington, in addition to dirty
windows, were unsanitary rest
rooms, floors, dingy walls, and
littered desks.
“One thing we have noticed, ’
a committeeman said, "is that
(Continued on Paye Three; CoL S) 1
Housing Authority Official
To Be Service Advisor
Of Group Here
James W. Grant, manager of the
800 demountable unit section of
Maffitt village, was named service
advisor of the Housing authority
of the City of Wilmington for
health, welfare and reception by
the commissioners of the authority,
meeting at noon Thursday.
No successor to Mr. Grant
manager of the demountable sec
tion was named by the commission
In his new capacity, he will di
rect a service designed by the
authority to promote and coordi
nate a large-scale health educa
tion, welfare and recreation pro
gram for the approximately 5,000
war worker families the authority
will be housing when Maffitt vil
lage is completed.
Before coming to the authority
from Raleigh three months ago,
Mr. Grant was a real estate deal
er and was also connected with
the Home Owners Loan coopora
Budgets for the coming fiscal
year for the operation of the Char
les T. Nesbitt courts and the Ro
bert R. Taylor homes, low-rent
slum clearance projects of the
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 1)
If your carrier fails to
leave your copy of the Wil
mington Morning Star,
Phone 2-3311 before 9:00 a.
m. and one will be sent to
you by special messenger.

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