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linnttng £tar North Carohna’s Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments DIAL 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER Payable Weekly Or In Advance Combina Tirne Star News tion 1 Week . 5 -25 $ .20 $ -40 1 Month . I-10 I'll 3 Months . 3-23 2.60 5.20 6 Months . 6.50 5.20 10.40 ! year . 13.00 10.40 20.80 New rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News BY MAIL Payable Strictly In Advance Combina ■jijme • Star News tion 1 Month . .5 -75 $ -50 $ .90 3 Months . 2.00 1.50 2.75 6 Months . 4.00 3.00 5.50 x year . 8.00 6.00 10.00 New rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of 25 cents per line. Count five words to line. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star WEDNESDAY, JUNE 23, 1943 With confidence in our armed forces — with the unbounding de termination of our people—we will gain the inevitable triumph — so help us God. —Roosevelt's War Message Our Chief Aim To aid in every way the prosecu tion of the war to complete Vic tory. _ THOUGHT FOR TODAY It is impossible to have a lively hope in another life, and yet be deeply immersed in the enjoyments of this. Atterbury. ---v Two Scenes Attention is invited to two far-flung scenes. One is “out there,” which has come to include all of the Pacific war zone. It has to do with a flier, a turret gunner, who got it in the knee. It was not a crushing or splin tering wound and might have been done by a surgeon. The knee cap was sheared off as by a knife, But he kept his gun going until he got it again, this time in the shoulder, with a bullet that broke a collar bone and shattered a shoulder blade. The pilot, missing the gun, and the bomber having dropped it sticks, sent the bombardier to investigate. He found the gunner crumpled at his post. His lips were moving but other noises prevented the bombardier from hear ing his words. Leaning down, and, as he said afterwards, expecting to hear impreca tions against the Japs, he heard instead, in perfect rhythm and tone; America! America! God mend thine every flaw, Confirm thy soul in self-control, Thy liberty in law. The bomber got back on not much more than a wing and a prayer. The gunner didn’t die. All the way home and as they put him into an ambulance and took him finally to the operating room, he kept shouting these lines at top voice until the anesthetic had its way with him. The other scene is in the coal fields of America and in Washington, where on the one hand millions of man-hours of production were wasted and on the other nothing ef fective had been done until John L. Lewis, prime mover in the strike, last night decided he was not quite big enough to run the gov ernment, although he had made it difficult through his obstinancy and covetousness for the boys “out there’ to finish their mission and come home to America, which in the hymn sung by the wounded gunner is called the “beautiful”. These are the two scenes. Which is best? --V It Works Two Ways Without offense it may be said that military patronage is one of the main sources of trou ble for proprietors of public eating places. This is particularly true of week-ends. On Saturdays and Sundays soldiers and their guests overtax every restaurant, cafeteria and cafe, and make heavy inroads on their sup plies of food, limited as they are by unfair rationing. There simply is not enough to go around. Through the OPA’s failure to rec ognize the tremendous increase in population and consequent demand for additional food allotments Wilmington cannot feed the mili tary and civilians who have to eat out simul taneously. There are some proprietors seriously dis cussing suspension of service on week-enc to one group or the other, and their feeling is that as long as the Army i* prepared t< feed its members they would prefer to serv< civilian patrons. They are not liable to g< to this extreme, if only because it is th. city’s earnest desire to cooperate with th, Army and extend all hospitality and encoui a^ ement to the troops. Also, they understan, Vs-hat a week-end visit in town means to aft diers after the hard work they do the rest of the week. But they, and many civilians too, are won dering why the Army fails to make provision for feeding its own during these trips to town. It has been recommended that Camp Davis set up field kitchens in Wilmington over the week-ends and encourage its soldiers to eat at them, but nothing has been done to carry out the proposal. With its settled determination to go the limit for the Army, it is not unreasonable to expect the Army to go on a reciprocal basis and go all out for the city too. One form of reciprocity that would bear fruit in abundance would be for the Army to serve its own food to its men in Wilmington and leave the inadequate public supply for the civilians. By this means there would not only be enough food for everybody but'the seating capacity of eating places would not be so greatly overtaxed. -V A Vital Decision Wilmington’s council faces a monmentous de cision. Shall it curse the city with blue laws or permit it to continue in a state of personal freedom? This is the real issue involved in the pro posal to stop the sale of beer on Sundays. To be consistent, if the council approves this proposal it should also close moving pic ture houses, prohibit ball games and all other forms of public entertainment on Sundays. Furthermore, and it bears repetition, the suspension of legalized beer sales of Sundays would not stop the traffic in beer. Instead it would drive it under cover and inevitably in crease public drunkenness by increasing pur chases of hard liquor on Saturdays. The council should consider that it cannot legislate beer drinking out of existence any more than it can control personal morals by law. It should also weigh the consequences of en couraging bootlegging and the evils attendant thereon, as contrasted with legalized sales of beer in the open where licensed venders, for their own security, maintain order in their places of business. Certainly no one who lived through the pro hibition era and the racketeering it created, can find comfort in the thought that Wilming ton could, by the administration’s action, be thrown back upon its evils even for one day in the week. The council should also consider that this local effort for so-called Sunday closing is but a part of a nation-wide effort to return to prohibition and reinaugurate such anoth er reign of terror as prevailed when it was sought to stop all liquor sales, when the brib ery of public officials was a national dis grace, w:hen previous total abstainers by the thousands became drunkards, when wood al cohol sent other thousands to untimely graves and moral fibre widely disintegrated. This Sunday closing move is but an entering wedge for prohibition. If the council truly has the well-being of Wilmington at heart, it w'ill kill this Sunday anti-beer ordinance. -V Subsidy Not A Cure The proposal to effect a roll-back on prices of table commodities by subsidizing manu facturers and processors is economically un sound and if put into effect on the lines ap proved by the administration will drive more individuals and small firms out of business. Senator Aiken of Vermont has directed at tention to two glaring examples of what will happen to thousands of farmers and many small creameries if the subsidy program is carried out. This program, according to Sen ator Aiken, would require the production of 1,000 pounds of butter monthly to qualify for the subsidy payment. The small cooperative creamery cannot do this, particularly as 68 per cent of all farmers keep only four cows or less. The roll-back in price would affect them all without benefit of subsidy. Senator Aiken also cites the fact that sub sidies would be available on meat only to firms processing 4,000 pounds a month. Says Mr. Aiken: ‘As a result of the rollback, the little fellow who is barely breaking even is forced to take a 10 per cent reduction in prices for the extra hog or half-beef that he may have to sell." It is the senator’s view that the subsidy policy tends to create a monopoly by forcing American farmers, as the New York Times puts it, “to market their production through larfee packing houses and other channels of trade more easily watched and controlled by government officials.” The tendency, the Times continues, “is to put producers at the direct mercy of the government.” Another tendency, as we have already in dicated, is to drive the little fellow into bank ruptcy. •-V Stop This Tampering We have recently noted a movement to reissue great works of literature in abbrevi ated form. Not long ago there came to this desk a book bearing the title “Les Miser ables,” by Victor Hugo, the title page bearing the information that the book had been con densed to read as a modern novel. Later we received an expurgated edition of Gibbon’s “Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire” with a similar excuse. What’s the matter readers of this gener ation? Have we no stomach for master pieces in full? Must we have books only that can be finished in an evening or two or abandoned half read? Have we lost all sense of values? Are our editors warranted i in deciding what of Hugo and of Gibbon may ! '->e expugned without loss? Have we no pa : tience to find the gem that lies buried in the - bed-rock of every page these two men wrote, l merely because it involves solid effort? We cannot condone the new trend. It is as blasphemous as stealing themes from mas ter musical scores and redressing them for swing. If it continues we may expect an expurgated Shakespeare, or even a Bible con densed for modern reading, with Genesis com pressed into a single chapter, the Chronicles omitted entirely as statistical, the Acts of the Apostles confined to a few paragraphs, Paul’s Epistles reduced to excerpts and rep etitious passages in the Gospels dropped. We may have to submit to an economic revolution. But in heaven’s name let’s side step this revolution affecting the world’s great literature. Fair Enough (Editor’s Note.—The Star and the News accepts no responsibility for the personal views of Mr. Pegler, and often disagree with them as much as many of his readers. His articles serve the good purpose of making people think. By WESTBROOK PEGLER NEW YORK.—Some of the opponents of the new federal law for the regulation of unions have objected to the forbiddance of contri butions to campaign funds of candidates for federal office on various grounds. The protest that received most attention was based on the inequality of a millionaire industrialist giving a personal contribution of say, $5,000 to a candidate and a wage earner who is unable to support his choice with more than a few dollars. But none of the opponents of the measure would be persuaded to dwell on the facts of aciual union practice in the matter of “voluntary” contributions by the member ship to causes favored by union officers. A particularly interesting example of such practice is afforded by the International Ladies Garment W'orkers’ union whose president, Da .vid Dubinsky, a staunch new dealer, of course, makes considerable political display of the fact that his union keeps books and renders accounts as though this were a startling virtue. It is the custom of unions in Mr. Dubinsky’s organization and of the parent union to back voluntarism, if there is such a word, by com pulsion through a curious hypocrisy. This con dition if most interesting because the boses of the union are very intelligent men and are widely regarded as some of the most en lightened, liberal and idealistic leaders in the movement. Currently, locals and groups of locals of the garment workers are being assessed for a war relief fund which, of course, has a laudable sound. But if a man must be a union member as a condition of employment then the union has no right to dictate to him in any matter of a contribution to any charity or political fund. in the case ox tne war renei xuna, tne money is to be apportioned between the USO and the Army and Navy Relief funds and other American charities, patriotic and gen eral, but part of it is to go to Russia and China and to "underground movements fight ing to free their homelands.” None of the data in my possession states what the pro portions are to be but I mention that omission just irr passing. I think it more important to undertand that here we find ostensibly free Americans required to give money to people of other nations and even to “underground movements,” which, by their very nature, must be mysterious and cannot be accounta ble. I would point out too that by doing this we invite other peoples to raise money under the general auspices and with the support of their governments, not only now but when peace comes, to support underground move ments in the United States. The members have not all taken kindly to this collection, taken up in some cases by means of the check-off, but they can’t refuse. The amount varies. It may be $2 or $3 or a whole day’s pay, but it must be paid or the delinquents will be fined for tardiness or ex pelled under an economic death-sentence, for complete refusal. They were not polled se cretly on this. They were given orders and money legally their own which these people actually need is taken from them by compul sion backed by force. Similarly, it is the custom in this union to compel members to attend political meetings in the interest of candidates whom the high officials favor and who, in turn, naturally would reward those high officials if they were elected. I have known of several specific cases of such compulsory attendance at par tisan political rallies but, as a test case. I wrote Mr. Dubinsky last fall for verification oi one. In that instance all members of local 32, Corset and Brassiere Workers’ union, were told that they must attend a meeting to be addressed by Dean Alfange, the nominee for governor of New York, put forth by the new deal socialist-communist-European subsidiary, the so-called American Labor party. Those who failed to attend would be fined a dollar. Mr. Dubinsky replied with a contradiction. He said that “such fines are never collected” but couldn't explain away the fact that the threat was contained in the notice nor did he touch upon the fact that one of his own high officials is also an official of, and an active politician in, the Amercan Labor party. Mr. Dubinsky’s notion of democracy, brought with him from EJurope, is such that he thinks this is democratic procedure and it may be added that this view is shared by most other officials of similar unions which are ranked among the “clean” unions because the inter national officers are not thieves. A threat ot similar type, although not ex actly the same, was employed in Hollywood recently. This was not a union action but the organization in question is distinctly left wing and a noisy supporter of the four free doms. In this case, the Hollywood Victory committee sent telegrams to many actors and others in the community announcing a mass meeting and listing among those who would attend a number of the most powerful pro ducers and other executives of the movie in dustry, and closed with the warning that the attendance would be checked at the door and absentees noted, which was a not too subtle way of threatening to blacklist from the screen all those who for reasons of integrity refused to take part. The industry is now vigorously in favor of the new deal and a fourth term and it is obvious that by the same method any political group calling itself “the commit tee can threaten with extinction any actor or writer who actively or passively opposes the political ideas or heroes of the bosses and their sycophants on “the committee “ --V There will not be. in the near future or for a long time to come, any decrease in the amount of labor or the amount of materials needed for military production.—Undersecre tary of War Robert R. Patterson. * * * We are strongly urging persons who can take vacations this year to spend them at home or as near home as possible.—ODT Di rector Joseph B. Eastman. * * * I reckon it’s the way I can be most useful to the country that has shown me plenty of kindness and I figure on making some friends among the folks.—Pvt. Houston Quinn of U. S. Army in England, who spent leave working on farm. ® “UP THE CREEK WITHOUT A PADDLE’*_ o .. Raymond Clapper Says: British Are Favorable To Wavell Appointment By RAYMOND CLAPPER LONDON.—(by wireless)—Com ment here on. the appointment of Field Marshal Sir Archibald P. Wavell as Viceroy of India is fa vorable. This is based not only on his achievement as a soldier but also on recognition that he is a statesman as well. The London Times describes him as a scholar, a thinker, a man of liberal sympathies and philosophic capacity as well as a man of ac tion—and by no means lacking in a sense of humor. That last is perhaps the best recommendation for anyone wrestling with the plight of India. He must have an epic sense of humor if he is not to go mad with frustration. Wavell has had long experience as a military commander and ad ministrator in the Middle East and India. To be successful as he has been, a man must have large qualities of understanding and pa tience, both of which are needed abundantly in India. The unusual amount of world wide attention given to Wavell's appointment perhaps reflects an equally widespread hope that the state of affairs in India will be improved. No doubt insofar as any man in the office of Viceroy at New Delhi can improve rela tions between the people of India and the British Gov ernment, progress may be ex pected under Wavell. But the Vice roy has been thus far largely the unfortunate fusing point between London and excitable native fac tions. The erratic tactics of Gandhi, and his indifference to the effect of his course on the wai* against Japan, were so indefensible from the Allied point of view that he forfeited most sympathy. Many who feel that India has a real grievance could not defend Gan dhi’s course of civil disobedience, and his seeming indifference to the possibility of Japanese invasion of India which was an acute danger a year ago. it is not a pretty picture for the United Nations case to have the leader of the largest political party of India in jail, so complete ly in communicado that the Amer ican ambassador, Mr. Philipps, was refused permission to see him. It also seems inconguous that a man like Nehru, who unquestion ably is a strong believer in the Allied cause and who opposed the Axis in Ethiopia and Spain, should be in jail. But he chose to stick Dy Gandhi. These contradictions testify to the incredibly tangled and stubborn character of India’s prolonged cri sis. Sometimes it seems as if India would have to wait until Gandhi and Jinnah. the Moslem leader, are both out of tfie way before there is any chance of healing its tortured existence. With two such fanatically hostile prima donnas to deal with, perhaps no practical course is left except the hard boiled policy of Prime Minister Churchill, which is to stand for no nonsense that gets in the way of the war and to meet head on any challenge such as Gandhi’s hunger strike. , That policy will do for the time being, but probably not even Chur chill thinks it is one that can be successfully imposed after the war. The official announcement that there will be a separate East Asia command indicated that prep arations for the coming campaign against Japan are well in hand. General Stillwell, commander of American forces in India, Burma and China, was in Washington dur ing the recent Churchill discus sions, as wa3 Wavell. It is safe to assume that opening of the Mediterranean will make possible new operations in the fall, after the rainy season is over. India, including Burma, is bound to be one main base of the Allies in the Far East. The Indian Ocean is a vital Allied area. India is capable of enormous industrial de velopment. If it had been encour aged before, instead of manhan dled as a simple consumers’ goods market for British industry, the problem of supplying the war against Japan would be far easier now. Possibly Wavell will see a new India emerge from serfdom as an active member of the British Com monwealth family like Canada. -V As Others Say It SURE CURE How to tell if it is a weed or a vegetable that is growing in your victory garden? Easy enough. If an insect or a blight attacks it, you’ll know it’s a vegetable.— Charleston (S. C.) Evening Post. NO GUARANTEE FOR ITALY The German over lords said Germany couldn't bt invaded—in fact that it wouldn’t be bombed. But of course they didn’t give Italy and such guarantee. — Norfolk (Va.) Ledger-Dispatch. NIGHTMARE FOR MUSSO Another thing that must be giv ing Mussolini nightmares is the thought of those Ethiopian com mandos who have volunteered to lead the invasion of Italy.—St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Daily Prayer FOR THE POWER OF GOD Day after day, as we ponder and pray, we understand increas ingly that Thy great Power, O Omnipotent Lord, is our one and final hope. Except as we are in tune with Thee, we shall find no harmony in life, no glory song of victory. Thy word has assured us that “The eyes of the Lord run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to show Himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward Him.” Thou seest all. Thou plannest all. So we pray that Thy great power, which alone can overthrow the forces arrayed against us, may come to our help, and quickly. Make bare Thy mighty arm. O God. Con found Thy enemies. Strengthen the hearts of all who trust Thee. May our sense of security, and of final victory, be grounded in a simple faith in Thee, O Thou Al mighty to deliver. Day by day let our hearts be garrisoned by this unshakable confidence. Thine is the Kingdom, and the Power and the Glory, forever. Amen— W. T. E. You're Telling Me “Four and 20 blackbirds, baked in a pie—Let’s see, now, mis ter—how many ration points would that be? ! ! ! The women’s national welding champion has been selected. Her title, no doubt, like those of the prize ring, is simply for the du ration. ! ! ! When France fell Hitler was photographed doing a dance. Now, it appears, the Piper is about to present his bill. I ! t It may rain equally on the just and unjust, but May’s many showers seem to have benefitted the weeds more than the grass. i ; ! The Italian cabinet continues its sessions. - Why, no one seems to know unless it’s that old business of misery loving company. The Literary Guidepost By JOHN SELBY “DAWN OVER THE AMAZON,” by Carlton Beals (Duell, Sloan & Pearce; $3). Carleton Beals has produced for publication this week a huge, sprawling novel he calls "Dawn Over the Amazon.” It is frankly a take-off on “Anthony Adverse.” with pots of Margaret Mitchell’s sentimentality thrown in. But more remarkable than this—it is also a travel book and a fantasy. Mr. Beals has not written a novel before, and quite likely does not mind if he stops his narrative often to throw in some guidebook information. Personally, I mind ed^quite a lot, largely because a good deal of the time he put the data into the dialogue, thus mak ing a pleasant enough character sound suddenly like an old-maid school teacher. Nor are such neatest tricks of the week as this one very help ful: “She sang well, despite her high-pitched voice, in a pleasing full-tone contralto.” Mr. Beals is writing about an American named Grant Hammond who has a fine and fantastic idea. It is to establish a great enter prise in the Amazonian jungle, complete with air-conditioned buildings and the latest techno logical devices for overcoming tropic disadvantages. Because the spot where the development will arise touches a number of coun tries, Grant has decided to make it continental in scope, and be cause most of the money is to come from North America, it really is a hemispheric project. And that involves handling all the countries of North and South America, which proves a consid erable chore. Mr. Beals has set the story in 1951. The present war has ended in a futile compromise peace, and has been reopened by the Axis powers after a breathing space in which they worked for renewed strength and the democracies bickered. The first great climax comes with Grant incapacitated in the jungle, the Nazis landing on the east coast and the Japs on the west, although the narrative leaps from minor climax to minor climax like a mountain goat in the foothills. This is a terrific melange of sloe-eyed senoritas, rotten barons, flustered planters, bemused diplo mats, tangled intrigues and fic tional clinches. It left me gasp tag* Interpreting TheWar By GLENN BABB General George C. Marshal, to). the governors’ conference at r lumbus Monday that "one 0f ' greatest puzzles is how the } °’J nese can stand the beating T are taking in the au-no words adequately describe th. ‘ uation in this respect ” The chief of staff, a'consent speaker, put his finger on on. the factors that may bring a1"■ tic change soon in the aspect the Pacific war. The Jan-' ‘ who had a few thousand caret,', i chosen, highly trained and e;? 1 enced airmen when they ia!. the Pacific war, were a 11’""5” spread their empire almost Ji0 shores of Australia largely bee- * they were able to knock the An ican, British and Dutch ajr j., out of the skies over the piJ* pines, Malaya and the East Info Now the position is entirely !' versed and the Japanese air'w all around the South and Souths a position of inferiority that every appearance in force becorna a suicide mission. m me past week the Japanes. have met three major defeats t the air. Last Wednesday they « fered their worst beating 0f % war, losing 94 planes in a ball, over Guadalcanal with Americans and New Zealanders, who lost n Sunday an attempted raid on Dari win, Australia, cost the enemy ]j planes certainly destroyed, two probably destroyed and' ten dam aged. The Japanese ran into i force of Spitfires flown by British and Australian pilots. Monday it was a similar story. American Lightnings over Lae, New Guinea, shot down or probably destroyed 23 of a force of 36 Zeros which challenged them. In all these encounters the Jap. anese casualty rate was 50 per cent or more. In earlier major battles it had ranged from 25 to 40 per cent. The rise strongly suggests a progressive deterioration of the enemy's quality in the air, at least in comparison with the splendid fighting men the Americans and their allies are able to put in the air. General Marshall gave half the explanation: “Evidently our equip ment is excellent and our pilots, gunners, bombardiers and naviga tors are superb.” Other authori ties have suggested the other and perhaps more -significant half. The few thousand first rate airmen who gave the Japanese air superi ority during the first few months of the war are gone. And while Japanese industry doubtless isah'.e to replace the planes knocked dora Japan simply does not have re placements anywhere near equal to the first -string pilots who have been lost. This Allied superiority in the sir | is one feature of a situation in the South and Southwest Pacific which suggests strongly that some dramatic action against Japan's is land outposts and perhaps some of her more important southern bases is in the making. The big force of enemy planes that met disaster over Guada’canal last week obvi ously was after big game. The Japanese at least thought they were after a convoy that ms bringing American striking power into the Solomons theater which has such bitter memories fate. Last Friday’s long distance mis by Army Liberators on Tania in the Gilbert islands and by Navy and Arm bombers on Nauru, both on the southeastern fringe» Japan’s holdings, gave further evi dence of American air superior! • and unceasing pressure agams. -e enemy in that area. Since the Washington War Coun cil last month the indications have grown that Allied strategy. r®a J to abandon the holding war agams Japan in favor of the offensive call for a great squeeze play ttoni the Indian ocean and the Pacini designed to cut the Japanese a of conquest at the waist. 1 western blow, probably fust again Burma, probably will have to * for the clearing of the M® . ranean, the concentration of 1 naval and air forces at Ceylon - Indian bases and the end 0 . monsoon in October. The 8‘-d from the east, however, may well under way before that. Civilian Defense | Timetable BASIC TRAINING COURSES New Hanover High school 107 at 8 P. M. FIRE DEFENSE A Monday, June 28 and every weeks thereafter. GENERAL COURSE Tuesday, June 29 and every weeks thereafter. GAS DEFENSE B Wednesday, June 30 and two weeks thereafter. FIRST AID-CONTIM-ED For the benefit of persons* have had 10 hours of First Ai wish to complete a 20 hour c ', a class will begin in room ^ High school on Tuesday, JUI%| and continue on June 24, Ju"e ' July 1 and July 2. Mrs. B.shop Willis, instructor. NEGRO Gas Defense B At USO building Thursday »>* at 8:30 o’cloc1', June 24. WAR GOODS DELIVERY DETROIT, June 22.--;?',.. Automotive Council for V> duction announced today R13 t0. liveries of war goods from “ ^ motive plants in May - 1 jtJ $685,000,000 as compared 3 $670,000,000 worth of weapons the preceding month.