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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, June 23, 1943, FINAL EDITION, Image 4

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North Carohna’s Oldest Daily Newspaper
Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
At The Murchison Building
R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher
Telephone All Departments
DIAL 2-3311
Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming
ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress
of March 3, 1879.
Payable Weekly Or In Advance
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New rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue
of Star-News
Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of
25 cents per line. Count five words to line.
Is entitled to the exclusive use of all news
stories appearing in The Wilmington Star
With confidence in our armed
forces — with the unbounding de
termination of our people—we will
gain the inevitable triumph — so
help us God.
—Roosevelt's War Message
Our Chief Aim
To aid in every way the prosecu
tion of the war to complete Vic
tory. _
It is impossible to have a lively hope
in another life, and yet be deeply immersed
in the enjoyments of this.
Two Scenes
Attention is invited to two far-flung scenes.
One is “out there,” which has come to
include all of the Pacific war zone. It has to
do with a flier, a turret gunner, who got it
in the knee. It was not a crushing or splin
tering wound and might have been done by
a surgeon. The knee cap was sheared off
as by a knife, But he kept his gun going
until he got it again, this time in the shoulder,
with a bullet that broke a collar bone and
shattered a shoulder blade.
The pilot, missing the gun, and the bomber
having dropped it sticks, sent the bombardier
to investigate. He found the gunner crumpled
at his post. His lips were moving but other
noises prevented the bombardier from hear
ing his words. Leaning down, and, as he
said afterwards, expecting to hear impreca
tions against the Japs, he heard instead, in
perfect rhythm and tone;
America! America!
God mend thine every flaw,
Confirm thy soul in self-control,
Thy liberty in law.
The bomber got back on not much more
than a wing and a prayer. The gunner didn’t
die. All the way home and as they put him
into an ambulance and took him finally to
the operating room, he kept shouting these
lines at top voice until the anesthetic had
its way with him.
The other scene is in the coal fields of
America and in Washington, where on the
one hand millions of man-hours of production
were wasted and on the other nothing ef
fective had been done until John L. Lewis,
prime mover in the strike, last night decided
he was not quite big enough to run the gov
ernment, although he had made it difficult
through his obstinancy and covetousness for
the boys “out there’ to finish their mission
and come home to America, which in the hymn
sung by the wounded gunner is called the
These are the two scenes. Which is best?
It Works Two Ways
Without offense it may be said that military
patronage is one of the main sources of trou
ble for proprietors of public eating places.
This is particularly true of week-ends. On
Saturdays and Sundays soldiers and their
guests overtax every restaurant, cafeteria and
cafe, and make heavy inroads on their sup
plies of food, limited as they are by unfair
rationing. There simply is not enough to go
around. Through the OPA’s failure to rec
ognize the tremendous increase in population
and consequent demand for additional food
allotments Wilmington cannot feed the mili
tary and civilians who have to eat out simul
There are some proprietors seriously dis
cussing suspension of service on week-enc
to one group or the other, and their feeling
is that as long as the Army i* prepared t<
feed its members they would prefer to serv<
civilian patrons. They are not liable to g<
to this extreme, if only because it is th.
city’s earnest desire to cooperate with th,
Army and extend all hospitality and encoui
a^ ement to the troops. Also, they understan,
Vs-hat a week-end visit in town means to aft
diers after the hard work they do the rest
of the week.
But they, and many civilians too, are won
dering why the Army fails to make provision
for feeding its own during these trips to town.
It has been recommended that Camp Davis
set up field kitchens in Wilmington over the
week-ends and encourage its soldiers to eat
at them, but nothing has been done to carry
out the proposal.
With its settled determination to go the
limit for the Army, it is not unreasonable
to expect the Army to go on a reciprocal
basis and go all out for the city too.
One form of reciprocity that would bear
fruit in abundance would be for the Army to
serve its own food to its men in Wilmington
and leave the inadequate public supply for
the civilians. By this means there would not
only be enough food for everybody but'the
seating capacity of eating places would not
be so greatly overtaxed.
A Vital Decision
Wilmington’s council faces a monmentous de
cision. Shall it curse the city with blue laws
or permit it to continue in a state of personal
This is the real issue involved in the pro
posal to stop the sale of beer on Sundays.
To be consistent, if the council approves
this proposal it should also close moving pic
ture houses, prohibit ball games and all other
forms of public entertainment on Sundays.
Furthermore, and it bears repetition, the
suspension of legalized beer sales of Sundays
would not stop the traffic in beer. Instead it
would drive it under cover and inevitably in
crease public drunkenness by increasing pur
chases of hard liquor on Saturdays.
The council should consider that it cannot
legislate beer drinking out of existence any
more than it can control personal morals by
It should also weigh the consequences of en
couraging bootlegging and the evils attendant
thereon, as contrasted with legalized sales of
beer in the open where licensed venders, for
their own security, maintain order in their
places of business.
Certainly no one who lived through the pro
hibition era and the racketeering it created,
can find comfort in the thought that Wilming
ton could, by the administration’s action, be
thrown back upon its evils even for one day
in the week.
The council should also consider that this
local effort for so-called Sunday closing is
but a part of a nation-wide effort to return
to prohibition and reinaugurate such anoth
er reign of terror as prevailed when it was
sought to stop all liquor sales, when the brib
ery of public officials was a national dis
grace, w:hen previous total abstainers by the
thousands became drunkards, when wood al
cohol sent other thousands to untimely graves
and moral fibre widely disintegrated.
This Sunday closing move is but an entering
wedge for prohibition.
If the council truly has the well-being of
Wilmington at heart, it w'ill kill this Sunday
anti-beer ordinance.
Subsidy Not A Cure
The proposal to effect a roll-back on prices
of table commodities by subsidizing manu
facturers and processors is economically un
sound and if put into effect on the lines ap
proved by the administration will drive more
individuals and small firms out of business.
Senator Aiken of Vermont has directed at
tention to two glaring examples of what will
happen to thousands of farmers and many
small creameries if the subsidy program is
carried out. This program, according to Sen
ator Aiken, would require the production of
1,000 pounds of butter monthly to qualify for
the subsidy payment. The small cooperative
creamery cannot do this, particularly as 68
per cent of all farmers keep only four cows
or less. The roll-back in price would affect
them all without benefit of subsidy.
Senator Aiken also cites the fact that sub
sidies would be available on meat only to
firms processing 4,000 pounds a month. Says
Mr. Aiken: ‘As a result of the rollback,
the little fellow who is barely breaking even
is forced to take a 10 per cent reduction in
prices for the extra hog or half-beef that he
may have to sell."
It is the senator’s view that the subsidy
policy tends to create a monopoly by forcing
American farmers, as the New York Times
puts it, “to market their production through
larfee packing houses and other channels of
trade more easily watched and controlled by
government officials.” The tendency, the
Times continues, “is to put producers at the
direct mercy of the government.”
Another tendency, as we have already in
dicated, is to drive the little fellow into bank
Stop This Tampering
We have recently noted a movement to
reissue great works of literature in abbrevi
ated form. Not long ago there came to this
desk a book bearing the title “Les Miser
ables,” by Victor Hugo, the title page bearing
the information that the book had been con
densed to read as a modern novel. Later we
received an expurgated edition of Gibbon’s
“Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire”
with a similar excuse.
What’s the matter readers of this gener
ation? Have we no stomach for master
pieces in full? Must we have books only
that can be finished in an evening or two
or abandoned half read? Have we lost all
sense of values? Are our editors warranted
i in deciding what of Hugo and of Gibbon may
! '->e expugned without loss? Have we no pa
: tience to find the gem that lies buried in the
- bed-rock of every page these two men wrote,
l merely because it involves solid effort?
We cannot condone the new trend. It is
as blasphemous as stealing themes from mas
ter musical scores and redressing them for
swing. If it continues we may expect an
expurgated Shakespeare, or even a Bible con
densed for modern reading, with Genesis com
pressed into a single chapter, the Chronicles
omitted entirely as statistical, the Acts of
the Apostles confined to a few paragraphs,
Paul’s Epistles reduced to excerpts and rep
etitious passages in the Gospels dropped.
We may have to submit to an economic
revolution. But in heaven’s name let’s side
step this revolution affecting the world’s great
Fair Enough
(Editor’s Note.—The Star and the News accepts no
responsibility for the personal views of Mr. Pegler,
and often disagree with them as much as many of
his readers. His articles serve the good purpose of
making people think.
NEW YORK.—Some of the opponents of the
new federal law for the regulation of unions
have objected to the forbiddance of contri
butions to campaign funds of candidates for
federal office on various grounds. The protest
that received most attention was based on the
inequality of a millionaire industrialist giving
a personal contribution of say, $5,000 to a
candidate and a wage earner who is unable
to support his choice with more than a few
dollars. But none of the opponents of the
measure would be persuaded to dwell on the
facts of aciual union practice in the matter
of “voluntary” contributions by the member
ship to causes favored by union officers.
A particularly interesting example of such
practice is afforded by the International Ladies
Garment W'orkers’ union whose president, Da
.vid Dubinsky, a staunch new dealer, of course,
makes considerable political display of the
fact that his union keeps books and renders
accounts as though this were a startling virtue.
It is the custom of unions in Mr. Dubinsky’s
organization and of the parent union to back
voluntarism, if there is such a word, by com
pulsion through a curious hypocrisy. This con
dition if most interesting because the boses
of the union are very intelligent men and are
widely regarded as some of the most en
lightened, liberal and idealistic leaders in the
Currently, locals and groups of locals of
the garment workers are being assessed for
a war relief fund which, of course, has a
laudable sound. But if a man must be a
union member as a condition of employment
then the union has no right to dictate to him
in any matter of a contribution to any charity
or political fund.
in the case ox tne war renei xuna, tne
money is to be apportioned between the USO
and the Army and Navy Relief funds and
other American charities, patriotic and gen
eral, but part of it is to go to Russia and
China and to "underground movements fight
ing to free their homelands.” None of the
data in my possession states what the pro
portions are to be but I mention that omission
just irr passing. I think it more important to
undertand that here we find ostensibly free
Americans required to give money to people
of other nations and even to “underground
movements,” which, by their very nature,
must be mysterious and cannot be accounta
ble. I would point out too that by doing this
we invite other peoples to raise money under
the general auspices and with the support of
their governments, not only now but when
peace comes, to support underground move
ments in the United States.
The members have not all taken kindly to
this collection, taken up in some cases by
means of the check-off, but they can’t refuse.
The amount varies. It may be $2 or $3 or a
whole day’s pay, but it must be paid or the
delinquents will be fined for tardiness or ex
pelled under an economic death-sentence, for
complete refusal. They were not polled se
cretly on this. They were given orders and
money legally their own which these people
actually need is taken from them by compul
sion backed by force.
Similarly, it is the custom in this union to
compel members to attend political meetings
in the interest of candidates whom the high
officials favor and who, in turn, naturally
would reward those high officials if they were
elected. I have known of several specific
cases of such compulsory attendance at par
tisan political rallies but, as a test case. I
wrote Mr. Dubinsky last fall for verification
oi one. In that instance all members of local
32, Corset and Brassiere Workers’ union, were
told that they must attend a meeting to be
addressed by Dean Alfange, the nominee for
governor of New York, put forth by the new
deal socialist-communist-European subsidiary,
the so-called American Labor party. Those
who failed to attend would be fined a dollar.
Mr. Dubinsky replied with a contradiction.
He said that “such fines are never collected”
but couldn't explain away the fact that the
threat was contained in the notice nor did
he touch upon the fact that one of his own
high officials is also an official of, and an
active politician in, the Amercan Labor party.
Mr. Dubinsky’s notion of democracy, brought
with him from EJurope, is such that he thinks
this is democratic procedure and it may be
added that this view is shared by most other
officials of similar unions which are ranked
among the “clean” unions because the inter
national officers are not thieves.
A threat ot similar type, although not ex
actly the same, was employed in Hollywood
recently. This was not a union action but
the organization in question is distinctly left
wing and a noisy supporter of the four free
doms. In this case, the Hollywood Victory
committee sent telegrams to many actors and
others in the community announcing a mass
meeting and listing among those who would
attend a number of the most powerful pro
ducers and other executives of the movie in
dustry, and closed with the warning that the
attendance would be checked at the door and
absentees noted, which was a not too subtle
way of threatening to blacklist from the screen
all those who for reasons of integrity refused
to take part. The industry is now vigorously
in favor of the new deal and a fourth term
and it is obvious that by the same method
any political group calling itself “the commit
tee can threaten with extinction any actor
or writer who actively or passively opposes
the political ideas or heroes of the bosses
and their sycophants on “the committee “
There will not be. in the near future or for
a long time to come, any decrease in the
amount of labor or the amount of materials
needed for military production.—Undersecre
tary of War Robert R. Patterson.
* * *
We are strongly urging persons who can
take vacations this year to spend them at
home or as near home as possible.—ODT Di
rector Joseph B. Eastman.
* * *
I reckon it’s the way I can be most useful
to the country that has shown me plenty of
kindness and I figure on making some friends
among the folks.—Pvt. Houston Quinn of U. S.
Army in England, who spent leave working
on farm. ®
o ..
Raymond Clapper Says:
British Are Favorable
To Wavell Appointment
LONDON.—(by wireless)—Com
ment here on. the appointment of
Field Marshal Sir Archibald P.
Wavell as Viceroy of India is fa
vorable. This is based not only on
his achievement as a soldier but
also on recognition that he is a
statesman as well.
The London Times describes him
as a scholar, a thinker, a man of
liberal sympathies and philosophic
capacity as well as a man of ac
tion—and by no means lacking in
a sense of humor. That last is
perhaps the best recommendation
for anyone wrestling with the
plight of India. He must have an
epic sense of humor if he is not
to go mad with frustration.
Wavell has had long experience
as a military commander and ad
ministrator in the Middle East and
India. To be successful as he has
been, a man must have large
qualities of understanding and pa
tience, both of which are needed
abundantly in India.
The unusual amount of world
wide attention given to Wavell's
appointment perhaps reflects an
equally widespread hope that the
state of affairs in India will be
improved. No doubt insofar as any
man in the office of Viceroy at
New Delhi can improve rela
tions between the people of
India and the British Gov
ernment, progress may be ex
pected under Wavell. But the Vice
roy has been thus far largely the
unfortunate fusing point between
London and excitable native fac
The erratic tactics of Gandhi,
and his indifference to the effect
of his course on the wai* against
Japan, were so indefensible from
the Allied point of view that he
forfeited most sympathy. Many
who feel that India has a real
grievance could not defend Gan
dhi’s course of civil disobedience,
and his seeming indifference to the
possibility of Japanese invasion of
India which was an acute danger
a year ago.
it is not a pretty picture for
the United Nations case to have
the leader of the largest political
party of India in jail, so complete
ly in communicado that the Amer
ican ambassador, Mr. Philipps,
was refused permission to see him.
It also seems inconguous that a
man like Nehru, who unquestion
ably is a strong believer in the
Allied cause and who opposed the
Axis in Ethiopia and Spain, should
be in jail. But he chose to stick
Dy Gandhi.
These contradictions testify to the
incredibly tangled and stubborn
character of India’s prolonged cri
sis. Sometimes it seems as if India
would have to wait until Gandhi
and Jinnah. the Moslem leader,
are both out of tfie way before
there is any chance of healing its
tortured existence. With two such
fanatically hostile prima donnas to
deal with, perhaps no practical
course is left except the hard
boiled policy of Prime Minister
Churchill, which is to stand for
no nonsense that gets in the way
of the war and to meet head on
any challenge such as Gandhi’s
hunger strike. ,
That policy will do for the time
being, but probably not even Chur
chill thinks it is one that can be
successfully imposed after the
war. The official announcement
that there will be a separate East
Asia command indicated that prep
arations for the coming campaign
against Japan are well in hand.
General Stillwell, commander of
American forces in India, Burma
and China, was in Washington dur
ing the recent Churchill discus
sions, as wa3 Wavell. It is safe
to assume that opening of the
Mediterranean will make possible
new operations in the fall, after
the rainy season is over. India,
including Burma, is bound to be
one main base of the Allies in
the Far East. The Indian Ocean
is a vital Allied area. India is
capable of enormous industrial de
velopment. If it had been encour
aged before, instead of manhan
dled as a simple consumers’ goods
market for British industry, the
problem of supplying the war
against Japan would be far easier
Possibly Wavell will see a new
India emerge from serfdom as an
active member of the British Com
monwealth family like Canada.
As Others Say It
How to tell if it is a weed or a
vegetable that is growing in your
victory garden? Easy enough. If
an insect or a blight attacks it,
you’ll know it’s a vegetable.—
Charleston (S. C.) Evening Post.
The German over lords said
Germany couldn't bt invaded—in
fact that it wouldn’t be bombed.
But of course they didn’t give Italy
and such guarantee. — Norfolk
(Va.) Ledger-Dispatch.
Another thing that must be giv
ing Mussolini nightmares is the
thought of those Ethiopian com
mandos who have volunteered to
lead the invasion of Italy.—St.
Louis Post-Dispatch.
Daily Prayer
Day after day, as we ponder
and pray, we understand increas
ingly that Thy great Power, O
Omnipotent Lord, is our one and
final hope. Except as we are in
tune with Thee, we shall find no
harmony in life, no glory song of
victory. Thy word has assured
us that “The eyes of the Lord run
to and fro throughout the whole
earth, to show Himself strong in
the behalf of them whose heart is
perfect toward Him.” Thou seest
all. Thou plannest all. So we
pray that Thy great power, which
alone can overthrow the forces
arrayed against us, may come to
our help, and quickly. Make bare
Thy mighty arm. O God. Con
found Thy enemies. Strengthen
the hearts of all who trust Thee.
May our sense of security, and of
final victory, be grounded in a
simple faith in Thee, O Thou Al
mighty to deliver. Day by day
let our hearts be garrisoned by
this unshakable confidence. Thine
is the Kingdom, and the Power
and the Glory, forever. Amen—
W. T. E.
Telling Me
“Four and 20 blackbirds, baked
in a pie—Let’s see, now, mis
ter—how many ration points would
that be?
! ! !
The women’s national welding
champion has been selected. Her
title, no doubt, like those of the
prize ring, is simply for the du
! ! !
When France fell Hitler was
photographed doing a dance. Now,
it appears, the Piper is about to
present his bill.
I ! t
It may rain equally on the just
and unjust, but May’s many
showers seem to have benefitted
the weeds more than the grass.
i ; !
The Italian cabinet continues its
sessions. - Why, no one seems to
know unless it’s that old business
of misery loving company.
The Literary Guidepost
by Carlton Beals (Duell, Sloan
& Pearce; $3).
Carleton Beals has produced for
publication this week a huge,
sprawling novel he calls "Dawn
Over the Amazon.” It is frankly
a take-off on “Anthony Adverse.”
with pots of Margaret Mitchell’s
sentimentality thrown in. But
more remarkable than this—it is
also a travel book and a fantasy.
Mr. Beals has not written a novel
before, and quite likely does not
mind if he stops his narrative
often to throw in some guidebook
information. Personally, I mind
ed^quite a lot, largely because a
good deal of the time he put the
data into the dialogue, thus mak
ing a pleasant enough character
sound suddenly like an old-maid
school teacher.
Nor are such neatest tricks of
the week as this one very help
ful: “She sang well, despite her
high-pitched voice, in a pleasing
full-tone contralto.”
Mr. Beals is writing about an
American named Grant Hammond
who has a fine and fantastic idea.
It is to establish a great enter
prise in the Amazonian jungle,
complete with air-conditioned
buildings and the latest techno
logical devices for overcoming
tropic disadvantages. Because the
spot where the development will
arise touches a number of coun
tries, Grant has decided to make
it continental in scope, and be
cause most of the money is to
come from North America, it
really is a hemispheric project.
And that involves handling all
the countries of North and South
America, which proves a consid
erable chore.
Mr. Beals has set the story in
1951. The present war has ended
in a futile compromise peace, and
has been reopened by the Axis
powers after a breathing space in
which they worked for renewed
strength and the democracies
bickered. The first great climax
comes with Grant incapacitated
in the jungle, the Nazis landing
on the east coast and the Japs on
the west, although the narrative
leaps from minor climax to minor
climax like a mountain goat in
the foothills.
This is a terrific melange of
sloe-eyed senoritas, rotten barons,
flustered planters, bemused diplo
mats, tangled intrigues and fic
tional clinches. It left me gasp
General George C. Marshal, to).
the governors’ conference at r
lumbus Monday that "one 0f '
greatest puzzles is how the } °’J
nese can stand the beating T
are taking in the au-no
words adequately describe th. ‘
uation in this respect ”
The chief of staff, a'consent
speaker, put his finger on on.
the factors that may bring a1"■
tic change soon in the aspect
the Pacific war. The Jan-' ‘
who had a few thousand caret,', i
chosen, highly trained and e;? 1
enced airmen when they ia!.
the Pacific war, were a 11’""5”
spread their empire almost Ji0
shores of Australia largely bee- *
they were able to knock the An
ican, British and Dutch ajr j.,
out of the skies over the piJ*
pines, Malaya and the East Info
Now the position is entirely !'
versed and the Japanese air'w
all around the South and Souths
a position of inferiority that
every appearance in force becorna
a suicide mission.
m me past week the Japanes.
have met three major defeats t
the air. Last Wednesday they «
fered their worst beating 0f %
war, losing 94 planes in a ball,
over Guadalcanal with Americans
and New Zealanders, who lost n
Sunday an attempted raid on Dari
win, Australia, cost the enemy ]j
planes certainly destroyed, two
probably destroyed and' ten dam
aged. The Japanese ran into i
force of Spitfires flown by British
and Australian pilots. Monday it
was a similar story. American
Lightnings over Lae, New Guinea,
shot down or probably destroyed
23 of a force of 36 Zeros which
challenged them.
In all these encounters the Jap.
anese casualty rate was 50 per cent
or more. In earlier major battles
it had ranged from 25 to 40 per
cent. The rise strongly suggests a
progressive deterioration of the
enemy's quality in the air, at least
in comparison with the splendid
fighting men the Americans and
their allies are able to put in the
General Marshall gave half the
explanation: “Evidently our equip
ment is excellent and our pilots,
gunners, bombardiers and naviga
tors are superb.” Other authori
ties have suggested the other and
perhaps more -significant half. The
few thousand first rate airmen
who gave the Japanese air superi
ority during the first few months
of the war are gone. And while
Japanese industry doubtless isah'.e
to replace the planes knocked dora
Japan simply does not have re
placements anywhere near equal
to the first -string pilots who have
been lost.
This Allied superiority in the sir |
is one feature of a situation in
the South and Southwest Pacific
which suggests strongly that some
dramatic action against Japan's is
land outposts and perhaps some of
her more important southern bases
is in the making. The big force
of enemy planes that met disaster
over Guada’canal last week obvi
ously was after big game.
The Japanese at least thought
they were after a convoy that ms
bringing American striking power
into the Solomons theater which
has such bitter memories fate.
Last Friday’s long distance mis
by Army Liberators on Tania
in the Gilbert islands and by Navy
and Arm bombers on Nauru,
both on the southeastern fringe»
Japan’s holdings, gave further evi
dence of American air superior! •
and unceasing pressure agams. -e
enemy in that area.
Since the Washington War Coun
cil last month the indications have
grown that Allied strategy. r®a J
to abandon the holding war agams
Japan in favor of the offensive
call for a great squeeze play ttoni
the Indian ocean and the Pacini
designed to cut the Japanese a
of conquest at the waist. 1
western blow, probably fust again
Burma, probably will have to *
for the clearing of the M® .
ranean, the concentration of 1
naval and air forces at Ceylon -
Indian bases and the end 0 .
monsoon in October. The 8‘-d
from the east, however, may
well under way before that.
Civilian Defense |
New Hanover High school
107 at 8 P. M.
Monday, June 28 and every
weeks thereafter.
Tuesday, June 29 and every
weeks thereafter.
Wednesday, June 30 and
two weeks thereafter.
For the benefit of persons*
have had 10 hours of First Ai
wish to complete a 20 hour c ',
a class will begin in room ^
High school on Tuesday, JUI%|
and continue on June 24, Ju"e '
July 1 and July 2. Mrs. B.shop
Willis, instructor.
Gas Defense B
At USO building Thursday »>*
at 8:30 o’cloc1', June 24.
DETROIT, June 22.--;?',..
Automotive Council for V>
duction announced today R13 t0.
liveries of war goods from “ ^
motive plants in May - 1 jtJ
$685,000,000 as compared 3
$670,000,000 worth of weapons
the preceding month.

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