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King Vittorio Emanuele Assumes]
Command As Mussol ini Quits Job — _— (Continued from Page One) cist march on Rome in 1922. The international and demostic stand ing of Mussolini, however, has steadily deteriorated since he led his country into war in the sum mer of 1940. Mussolini was conferring with Adolf Hitler last Monday when the huge American air attack was delivered on rail and airport in stallations at Rome. Mussolini apparently appealed to Hitler for aid in resisting the Al lied onslaughts which clearly are aimed at knocking Italy out of the war as quickly as possible. If that was his plea he undoubt ly failed in his miss.ion. The King’s proclamation, which in effect dis missed the originator of Fascism, followed. Badoglio, long out of favor with the Fascists, had been reported a likely successor to Mussolini once the country decided to sue for peace. The resignation of Mussolini, whose empire vanished under con verging Allied troops, also ap parently ended the Fascist party as it had been constituted. The King’s proclamation specif ically said that the resignation of Mussolini as premier "and secre tary of the Fascist party” had been accepted. (U. S. government monitors ad vised the Office of War Informa tion that the Rome radio after broadcasting the King’s proclama tion. played the Royalist anthem in full but did not play the Fas cist, hymn, Giovinezza. (Ncr was the Fascist era used in dating the King’s proclama tion.) The little King and tfaaogno took over Italy's destinies at a fateful moment. Naples, Leghorn, Rome, San Giovanni, and other Italian cities are heavily damaged by Allied bombers. The people are war w'earv and hungry. Italian morale is at a new low because of sweeping Allied suc cesses in Sicily where whole Ital ian divisions are surrendering, and the civilians are welcoming Allied troops in unprecedented friendship demonstrations. Sicilans and Italian soldiers have been profuse in condemning the Dictator Mussolini and their German allies. The number of German troops in Italy is not kown. Their pres ence long hgs been a factor in consideration of any Italian suit for a separate peace. But there have been recent reports that Hit ler does not intend to waste too j-r - ny troops trying to defend It alv. , No matter what course Italy s new- leaders take in the war the departure of Mussolini is a pres tige blow to the Axis throughout the world, particularly in the Bal kans where both Italian and Ger man occupation troops have been unable in two years to crush or ganized military resistance. Mussolini had been losing grip on the Italians for years. The fact was auite obvious in the last year. II Duce had not spoken to his people as a war leader since last December, about a month aft er the Allied landings in North Af rica, In the last few weeks almost hysterical efforts have been made to buttress the Fascist order. One of the chief moves was to employ the rhetoric of Carlo Scorza. Fas cist party leader under Mussoli ni. Scorza’s name was not even ‘ mentioned in Rome broadcasts to night. The news was jubilantly re ceived in London. One British au thority said: “Mussolini has crasned and witn him the whole Fascist regime must almost inevitably come to ruin. _ . . ‘‘It seems therelore wax uajy > days as a member cl the Axis and consequently as a fighting partner at Germany’s side are numbered. “No other ccnstuction of the as tonishing sequence of events is possible.” Another said: ‘‘It is significant that Badoguo was called prime minister, lor the very title suggests that the Ital ian people desire now above all things, to return to democracy and to end dictatorship.” Sir Frederick Kenyon, president Of the ‘‘Friends of Free Italy” or ganization here, said “We hope that this means Italy is coming out of the war and that Italians ■Will be given a chance of choosing Key Servtoe Oe CAUSEY'S Camr Marini aai lift their own government free of Ger many and free of Fascism.” Mussolini’s eclipse came just four days before his 60th birth day July 29. Last spring he had changed his entire government and the Fascist bureaucracy in a final effort t) retain his grip on Italy. His son-in-law, Count Galezzo Ciano, was dismissed as foreign minister, and Mussolini took over that portfolio. Ciona was made minister to the Vatican, and there have been re ports that he recently attempted to get the Pope to mediate for peace. The amazing rapidity with which the Allied troops conquered all of Africa, toppled Pantellsria, Lam pedusa, and other Mediterranean islands, and then swarmed over Sicily these all contributed to Mus solini’s downfall. The Italian leader had with drawn his troops from Russia, and some from the Balkans in an at tempt to stave off the Allies. But the superiority of Allied equip ment and sagging morale among Italian troops has made Sicily’s conquest an imminent possibility President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill have demand ed the unconditional surrender of Italy, and Allied leaflets drop ped over Italy—along with the bombs that crippled railway yards in Rome Monday—have said flatly that the Italians must overthrow Mussolini and his Fascists or “suf fer the consequences.” The Rome radio’s failure to play the Fascist anthem tonight was ail indication that the King has decided to try to divest Italy of Fascist trappings. Mussolini s fascist leaders pub licly had rejected the Roosevelt Churchill demand that Italy quit the war with a declaration that Italy still would be a battleground if the country sought a separate peace. In other words, the Fas cists quite obviously fear Germa ny’s reaction to any Italian peace feeler. Despite the uplift in spirit caus ed here by the news, there was a tendency among many people to restrain their general rejoicing. Their idea is that Mussolini’s exit from the scene does not automati cally mean a military surrender of Italy. It would appear that the King and Marshal Badoglj^ have two alternatives, both of them risky. If they sue for peace Germany may turn on them with all the ferocity of a jilted partner. If they decide to continue the war against the Allies, then Italy’s cities will be at the mercy of nearby Allied air power. Italians were told by the Bri tish radio that Mussolini was “thrown out by the will of the Italian people” but that this was not enough to save Italy. “The Germans and any Italian government that keeps Italians bound to Germans must be elimi nated,” the radio said. The BBC commentator asserted that “Italians must understand that the British and Americans are their friends, not their ene mies. We do not wish to destroy Italy. We do not hate Italy.” “Italian soldiers must abandon Nations,” he added. “They must realize who are their real friends and who their real enemies. One enemy alone now remains for the Allied nations and for Italians— Nazi Germany. “There will be neither peace nor freedom for Italians until the last German soldier has been thrown out of Italy.” ITALYLOSTOUT ON JUNE 10, '40 (Continued from Page One) and the 52 nation* who had impos ed economic sanctions. Through 1936 to 1939 he had seem ingly duped French and British statesmen and the non-intervention committee, poured men, planes and supplies into spain and seen his men win in a bitter civil war. With ease he had annexed Al banie to the Italian crown in 1939. For J8 years Mussolini’s strong arm Fascist had cowed all oppo sition, As a result of his successes, he was at the peak of his popu larity . To Italians Mussolini looked like a winner. The objective, he told them, was to “break the- chains that strangle us in the Mediter ranean.” It looked as though Fas c'sm was as dynamic as Mussolini said—that the war was as good as over and that Italians could share in the victory without very much fighting. Mussolini looked smart. By contrast, the realities proved Stop At Tto . „ . JEWEL BOX Gin SHOP WUnrinctoii’s Only Downstairs 8 tors great and tragic for Italy. Far from obtaining any of her coveted objectives, Italy soon be came shackled in the Mediterra nean more securely than ever, her fleet not daring to come out of hiding for months after the first disastrous encounters with the Brit ish. Her empire was tom into "shreds and tatters,’’ as Prime Minister Churchill promised. No Italian hearts on the shores of the Indian ocean leaped to conquer—Italian Somaliland and Eritrea were soon gone. Haile Selassie, whom Mus solini once could mimic, mocking ly took his throne in Ethiopia again on May 5, 1940. The gems of the empire, Cirenaica and Tri politania, eventually followed. Far from being a bright new jewel in the empire’s crown, Tunisia be came the dusty dead-end of a long retreat which in its entirety spell ed the greatest Italian defeat since Caporetto in World War I. Instead of Mussolini’s “Mare Nostrum,” the Mediterranean be came an Allied lake—an avenue for invasion of the Italian homeland’s long and vulnerable coastline. The sea’s southern shores became the bustling bases of swarms of Brit ish and American warplanes which hammered Italian cities with their deadly cargoes day an dnight. Unprepared, war-weary, badly led, Italy proved herself far from dynamic in big league war. Though Mussolini had boasted of 8,000.000 bayonets, he was unable to mobilize and arm anything like that number of troops when it came to the showdown. Not until June 21, eleven days after Italy’s declaration of war and four days after France asked for an armistice, was Italy able to be gin a general offensive. Fighting against the dispirited, disorganiz ed. hopeless French, the Italian army managed to penetrate from one to 20 miles along a 120-mile front before hostilities ceased on June 25. No sorrier sight was presented than the ill-clad, out-numbered freezing and starving Italian peas ants drafted into Mussolini’s le gions who met humiliating defeat at the hands of the little nation of Greeks—whom Mussolini mistak enly believed he had bought off when he began his invasion on October 298, 140. Humiliatingly rescued by the German armored columns which plowed through the mountain pass es of Yugoslavia and Greece in April, 1941, Italian morale ebbed to low when Marshal Erwin Rom mel and his African Corps went to Africa in an attempt to save Italy’s empire for her. Italian hearts sank when a flood of German missions, experts, tech nicians, police, airmen and sol diers poured through the Brenner Pass, and began infiltrating into all the important government depart ments, teaching the Italians how things were done in Berlin, vir tunally taking over her propaganda services, even taking over the com mand in Africa. In order to prevent a collapse, to keep Italy in the Axis and in the war it had become necessary for Germany virtually to occupy Italy. It became evident that even if the Axis won the war Italy would be the loser to the traditional foe, the German, who had occupied the peninsula in centuries past. Mussolini, who had originated modern Fascism, had seen it spread to Germany, wHere it over shadowed his own movement. Hit ler, the pupil, became the master, and Mussolini the gauleiter. The only ambitions Italy had re alized had been by grace of the Fuehrer. Nice, Savoy, Corsica — Italian troops finally occupied these but not until the shadow of Allied in vasion was falling upon Italy itself with the landing of Allied troops in French North Africa. Until then Hitler had preferred to bal ance France and Italy one against the other, trying to win French col laboration, use of the French fleet, in return for his protection against Italian claims. Dalmatia, other parts of Yugosla via, fell into Mussolini’s satchel. But the Duke of Spoleto, the Mus solini-sponsored “king” of Cratia, never dared take his throne in the restless Balkans where hundreds of Italians met their death every month. As Italian killed, wounaea ana captured neared the 750,000 mark, including more than 600,000 in Afri ca, it became evident that Italy had been tricked into the war. The story—it was confirmed in part by Count Galeazzo C'iano, then foreign minister—was that Italy warned Germany in the early months of 1939 that the Italian army would not be ready for war for at least three years. Hitler reassured the Italians on that point, and their “pact of steel,” a military alli ance, was signed on May 22, 1939. Hitler’s word to the Italians was no more reliable than it had been to his intended victims, however, and a few months later he began his war in Poland. It soon became evident that Italy would be drag ged in, either to share in the vic tory or because Mussolini believed Fascism woOld rise or fall with Hitler. ' . . . 1 Mussolini, who agitated to* Italy’s entrance into the first World War on the side of the Allies, made no revolutionary change in the Italian alignment in European affairs from the day of his march •en-'JUime, tshto-he famed hU gov eSSSTent on October 30, 1922, un til the Ethiopian affair in 1935. In 1943 he had mobilized troops at the Brenner Pass and the threat of war apparently prevented Hit ler from seizing Austria at the time of the assassination of the OFFICIALS BUSY OYER INFLATION (Continued from Page One) en pay checks. His remarks fol lowed a White House visit by Wil liam Green, president of the Ameri can Federatio nof Labor, and Philip Murray, president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, after which they said flatly that labor would abandon support of the ‘‘lit tle steel” formula limiting wage increases to 15 per cent, unless liv ing costs were rolled back to <the levels of September 15, 1942. The President said no agreement I on new anti-inflation measures had been reached and indicated that any program undertaken would be largely a congressional matter since it would require money which only Congress can provide. However, there have been indica tions that government purchase of food products and resale at a loss may constitute the backbone of plans being given consideration in some Administration circles. Field tests on such a plan already have been made on a small scale, nota bly in cheddar cheese. Meat, bread, dairy products and other items bulking large in the cost of living were understood to have been nominated for price cutbacks in that manner. The OWI report, based on an in dependent study made by Wayne C. Taylor, undersecretary of com merce, laid stress on his finding that "the penalties of unrestrain ed inflation were felt first by the farmers and wage earners; then they were realized by all types of business, particularly wholesalers.” Although wages were very high at the end of the last war, the OWI report said, wage earners found ,that the cost of living had more than doubled, and while pro duction of civilian goods hit record levels in the spring of 1919, high prices deterred customers. “To meet a lessening aemanu, OWI continued, “prices were low ered, wages were cut and manu facturing fell off. Jobs were re duced, too, and many workers found themselves unemployed with wartime debts to pay on houses, automobiles and other luxuries. Farmers found they could not get the former high prices at a time when they were carrying heavy mortgages on land purchased dur ing the boom.” Commercial failures, the report said, began to show up strongly in August, 1920, and rose to a total of 23,672 in the year 1922. The av erage hel dat nearly 2,000 a month for the next decade. Farmers suffered most spectacu larly in the recession from the boom of 1919-0, OWI said, but labor and business were hurt too. Exn ployment dropped by 5,000,000 workers and wholesale prices fell 45 per cent. Industrial output and factory payrolls dropped 30 per cent. Banks, OWI said, got a “de layed action” which culminated in 1924 in the failure of 75 banking institutions compared with only 11 in the first quarter of 1920. “During the decade ending in 1931,” the report continued, “the total liabilities of defaulting enter prises at no time fell below $400, 000,000 annually, compared with the 1910-1915 pre-war avreage of $254,800,000 per year. This cir cumstance indicates that the after effects of the wartime inflation on business enterprises were more lasting than is generally sup posed.” ___ Austrian chancellor, Engelbert Dollfuss: In 1935 Mussolini joined Britain and France in the Stresa front to counter Hitler’s creation of a huge army by conscription.. But angered by opposition to his Ethiopian invasion, he. turned to Germany as his only available friend in 1936. Involved in Spain, a German threat to Britain and France was a welcome diversion for Mussolini. Count Ciano went to Berlin, and on October 24 Hitler announced the formation of a Nazi Fascist front. The two govern ments agreed to “conduct common action to their advantage,” and the Axis was born. Once headed down the road with Hitler there was no turning back. The path led to the Anti-Comintern pact, which Italy joined in 1937, outright military alliance m 1939, war Italy’s involvement on the Russian front in the “Crusoe Against Bolshevism” to which she was believed to have sent no more than 100,009 men, and war with the United States in 1941. As the Allies drove east and west in Africa in 1943 and finally gained complete possession of the southern shore of the Mediterra nean, rumors multiplied of Italian panic, of Italian peace feelers, of dissident army, monarchist and other elements in Italy willing to displace Mussolini. . The general shakeup of the cabi net by Mussolini on February 6, 1943, in which he ousted his son-in law Count Ciano and a long list of other officials, aroused new speculation that Ciano may have shown himself not unwilling to play the role of Allied agent in a re ceivership" for the Fa®ci®* regi.1™; Reported fallen from German fav or he was appointed Italian am Hnsiador to the Vatican* Marshal BadogUo figured to nu merous rumors of Italian peace **So ” thoroughly had Mussolini crushed all leadership of opposi tion to his long years of power, however, that it was necessary to discount heavily •U ^ch ™* This was so, even when Allied bombings of Italy and her stepping stone islands grew to full power and the invasion oiL Sicily caused the roads of Italy to-be lined with hungry, frightened, war-weary ref ugeeSt as the roads of France had been on June 10, 1940, Leader Of Air Raid On Trondheim Wed To Former Resident Colonel William Mason Reid, credited in army reports with making the Saturday raid on Norway 4<au outstanding sue cess/’ married to the former Elisabeth King of Wilmington, daughter of the late David C. King 313 North Fifth street. Colonel Reid, the son of G. yy Reid, Atlantic Coast Line conductor of Georgia, resides with his family in Sarasota Fla. Newspaper accounts pointed out that his quick thinking in piloting a Fortress flagship was responsible for swinging the planes in perfect position for precision bombing. The For tresses had made a 1,200 mile round-trip to pound the Ger man metal port of Herroya on the east coast of Norway. -B - j TRAPANI SEIZED BY U. S. FORCES (Continued From Page One) miles south of Catania on the east coast, due west through Catenanu ova, which is 12 miles west of Pa terno and about 23 miles west and slightly north of Catania. From there it turns to Regalbuto, four miles to the northwest, and bends sharply northward to the sea. (This would indicate that the Al. lies may be in possession of the north coast as far east as Acquedo la, approximately 55 miles west of Messina strait and 65 miles east of Palermo — or at least that the Axis may not be seriously oppos ing Allied advances into that area. (Roundabout reports originating from the Algiers radio yesterday said the Allies had reached San Stefano di Camastra, 50 miles east of Palermo.) German divisions are holding the sector from the river inland to Re galbuto, a winding line of 35 to 40 miles, and the Italians have been entrusted with the remaining 30 miles to the northern seacoast. Dispatches indicated that the northern section of the line was still somewhat unsettled and it was not known exactly here where it came up to the coast. A small triangular section oi Si cily is now left in Axis hands, with Messina at the tip. Both legs of the triangle are approximately 55 miles long and the base is about 60 miles across — an area approx imately the size of Cap Bon where the remnants of Col. Gen. Jurgen von Arnim’s Tunisian army were destroyed less than three months ago. Headquarters announced that It alian parachute troops had been dropped behind Allied positions at an unnamed place, but said they were captured and “effectively dealt with." " Today’s communique said Cana dian troops under Maj. Gen. Guy Simonds “have been engaged in bitter fighting and have made good progress” ploughing through desperate resistance of the Ger man 15th armored division in the neighborhood of Regalbuto, ap proximately in the center of the Axis line. Regalbuto is directly west of Mt. Etna where German forces, con sisting chiefly of the Hermann Goering armored division, were putting up a skillful and determin ed fight to hold the gateway to the escape port of Messina. The British Eighth Army of Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery main tained heavy pressure day and night on this front, and the Ger mans were said to have suffered very heavy casualties and to have been given no respite. Allied naval lorces were Dusny engaged in offensive patrols along Montgomery’s seaward flank, re peatedly daring the enemy’s coast al batteries and torpedo boat flo tillas in the narrow waters, and a naval communique said one of these Allied formations again had bombarded the harbor of Taormi na about 20 miles north of Cata nia, on Wednesday night. 4TH COMBATARM WINS BIG FIGHT (Continued from Page One) The psychological attack came not only from Africa. London and Washington and agents in a half dozen capitals were busy burrow ing under the tottering Fascist framework. From neutral sources came a steady stream of “inform ed” stories of feelers for peace and the shakiness of Mussolini’s postiion. Not all the psychological war fare wac y remote control. Si. lent, secretive figures appeared at Eisenhower’s headquarters only to fade quickly and silently from sight. Some returned, others did not. Just what they did and where they went probably will be mili tary secrets until the end of the war. Just as the attacks of the ground forces had to be coordinated with air assaults on the battlefield, psy chological warfare had to be cou pled with Allied victories. It was axiomatic that they would have had little success if they had been linked with a stymied or los ing army. Behind the reasoning of the psychological broadcasts, leaf lets and underground attacks there' had to be a military force to put weight behind the words. The psychological attack has tended Mussolini’s down fall and made the Allied task easier while the guns, troops, airplanes and warships of Britain and America put ‘‘authority” behind the Allied ether and underground efforts. BIBLE TEACHER TO OPEN MEET Dr. Davis Eitzen Will Con duct Seminar On Per sonal Counseling Dr. David D. Eitzen, assistant professor of clinical religion at the graduate school of religion, Uni versity of Southern California, will open a three-day seminar on per sonal counseling in wartime in the First Baptist church at 10 o’clock Tuesday morning, the Rev. J. F. Herbert, chairman of the local committee on arrange ments announced Sunday. The sessions, to run from 10 a.m. to112 noon, will be open to such professional groups as ministers, chaplains, social workers, nurses, and others who must deal con stantly with people. Dr. Eitzen will reserve after noon and nights for private con ferences with individuals or small groups who may desire assistance with problems in human behavior. Dr. W. Terry Osborne, director of the local USO, is sponsoring Dr. Eitzen’s visit, in conjuncction with the Wilmington Ministerial association. At the start of his career, Dr. Eitzen was a high school teacher in the Middle West for six years. Following his entrance into the ministry, he was a pastor of a local church for four years. He has taken specical study and re search, including clinical work, at the Massachusetts General Hos pital, in the field of psychology and its application to personal counseling and to the ministry in general. Dr. Eitzen has been a lecturer in pastoral counseling for the Ar my and Navy Chaplains, as well as other ministers, at the Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, Cal. He is the author of “Productive Living” and has had articles in numerous mazagines. He is a member of the American Psycho logical association; president of a special study and research group in Los Angeles in the relation of religion to personal counseling; and a member of the National As sociation of Biblical instructors. In his graduate teaching at the University of Southern California, Dr. Eitzen not only holds classes on personal counseling and related subjects, but also directs and su pervises his students in their cli nical or first-hand work in helping individuals. Post Chaplain Mattson of Camp Davis is expected to bring his entire contingent of chaplains here for consultation with the visiting psychologist. IT BADOGLIO NOTED AS ANTI-GERMAN (Continued from Page One) and even after his resignation from the general staff tbe marshal was frequently called into conference by the King. In June of last year he wrote a letter to the King complaining bit terly of the subordination of the Italian general staff to the Ger man command. The German prac tice in Africa and Sicily of leav ing Italian troops to fight hopeless rearguard actions while the Ger mans seized all available transport and fled is not expected to have increased the marshal’* liking for the Germans. His military career has been marked by ruthlessness in dealing with opponents, particularly in the Ethiopian campaign in which ma rauders were brought before mili tary tribunals and later executed enmass by machine-gun fire. His hard bitten tactics may shortly be come evident if hi* government is seriously opposed by the Black shirts. At one time he held an honorary membership in the Fascist party as a result of his Ethiopian con quest but he was never accepted into the party’s inner circle. It is believed that only his enor mous prestige with the King and his popular following among the people and the army stayed the hand of Mussolini’s government in dealing seriously with him. -V City Briefs MISSIONARY SOCIETY The Woman’s Missionary So ciety of Sonthslde Baptist church, will meet Tuesday afternoon at 3:30 at the chnrch. ________ \ MEETING SCHEDULED Cape Fear Council No. 24 Daughters of America, will hold its regular meeting Mon fey night at 3 o’clock in the Junior Order HaU. AU mem fers are urged to attend. Warning Is Sounded To Home Canners On Inverting Food Jars “Do not invert jars of can ned foods after they are tak en from the pressure cooker,” Miss Cordelia Foster, home service director for Tide Water Power company, recently warn ed housewives. According to Miss Foster, turning jars upside down breaks the seal and fermenta tion results. A Wilmington housewife last week lost 15 quarts of beans because of ig norance of this simple meth od. Contrary to old-fashioned re cipes, no foreign substances, such as vinegar, should be added to home-canned vegeta bles, the service director de clared. “Modern ideas of can ning are positively more relia ble,” she said. tr SOCIAL SECURITY POINT STRESSED One Aspect Of Levy Of Special Importance To Summer Hosteries There is one aspect of the taxes levied under the Social Security Act which is of special importance to owners of summer resorts and hotels, it was reported recently by N. A. Avera, manager of the Wil mington field office of the Social Security board. The Social Security act defines wages as “all remuneration for employment, including the cash value of all remuneration paid in any medium other than cash.” In many hotels and summer re sorts, employees are paid a cer tain amount in cash, and also re ceive food and lodging. In making the tax deductions, these items are included. In other words a value must be placed on them, and the tax paid, it was explained. For instance, if it is determined that the employee’s food and lodging are valued at $30 a month, the to tal wage on which the tax would be paid would be the cash wage plus $30. Mr. Avera called attention to tne fact that the tax is collected by the Bureau of Internal Revenue. The Social Security board has no connection with the tax collec tions, or with the rules and regula tions concerning them. Therefore any tax problems in connection with the Social Security aTT be submitted to the local r tor of Internal Revenue C°Isc Post Office building ’ a: 2i7 Information about the on Insurance program under ?d’A« may be obtained from ,hh* act mmgton field office nf iu ® W|1' Securty board. at3/« r S°cil' house. Wilmington. t-Ustoirls, Most of'thd houses „e ,u . of Malta are built of 6.lsla”< St. John's Tavern 114 Orange St. Dial 2-8085 MAAQR Shirley Temple Guy Kibbee Dickie Moore —in— “MISS ANNIE ROONEY” Open 10.45 a. jj Dally LATE SHOW FRl NITt “YOU’RE THE ONE" That Famous Falkenburg Woman in “SHE HAS WHAT IT TAKES” Shows: II 4:20-6:10-8:00-9:50 Jungle Thrills and I Excitement! | “TARZAN TRIUMPHS’’ I with Johnny Weismuller fl Frances Gifford M Johnny Sheffield — Nurses proved Mod ess lots safer! Here’s my bargain chance to see for myself! Modess* is" softer, too! And comfort’s mighty important to me these busy days! 3 months supply of napkins! 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