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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, August 12, 1943, FINAL EDITION, Image 4

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morning S>tar
North Carolina’s Oldest Daily Newspaper
Published Daily Except Sunday
By The Wilmington Star-News
At The Murchison Building
R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher
Telephone All Departments
DIAL 2-3311
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ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress
of March 3, 1879.
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stories appearing in The Wilmington Star
With confidence in our armed
forces — with the unbounding de
termination of our people—we will
gain the inevitable triumph — so
help us God.
—Roosevelt’s War Message
Our Chief Aim
To aid in every way the prosecu
tion of the war to complete Vic
tory. __
Some time ago a Professor in a great
Mid-Western State University said that one
of his associates had told him that he had
watched the careers of students at this
university through many years and had
come to the conclusion that college and
University life did not make men and wo
men, but tested them; that the making had
been done long ago in the home. There it
is not in brilliant conceptions of strokes of
genius we shall find the chief reliance of
our Church and Country, but in the Chris
tain home.
Mrs. George Patterson
Complete Staff Essential
The success of Tuesday night’s blackout was
.argely due to the fact that all telephones in
the control room were manned, with the result
that instructions to all units and workers went
out quickly.
This has not always been the case. In other
blackouts the control room has been under
manned and the limited staff has had to move
from phone to phone. Delays, some as long
as ten minutes, have interfered with previous
tests. Workers receiving delayed notification
have necessarily been late at their posts.
The punctuality of workers in Tuesday’s
test was due to the speed with which the con
trol room contacted them.
This is not to be accepted as evidence that
the staff is complete. It is far from that.
Hardly a shift has more than half the nec
essary personnel. Not once in a dozen times,
probably, would a blackout find a full staff
on service, as happened Tuesday night. And
the sad reflection is that it might not be a
dress rehearsal but the real thing. In that
case a ten- or even five-minute delay could
he costly.
What is to be done to enlist volunteers? It’s
hard to say. Repeated appeals through the
press and by radio, by letter, and telephone
have failed. What can be tried now? One
suggestion is that the “old faithfuls” assume
the responsibility of completing the personnel
for their tricks. It is thought that if these
Workers put it up to their friends or relatives
as a patriotic duty to serve, personnel gaps
Will quickly be filled. The idea is that recruits
can be mustered in more easily if they know
they will be among friends than if they are
with strangers who might not be wholly con
All other efforts to bring the control room
staff up to par having failed, it is recommend
ed that this experiment be tried.
Food Conference Called
A meeting at which it is hoped a program
for relieving the food situation at Wilming
ton’s public eating places may be drafted is
scheduled for next Friday. It will be attended
by R. B. Roberts of Raleigh, OPA district
food rationing officer, and all proprietors of
cafes, restaurants and cafeterias are being
urged by the Chamber of Commerce, which
is sponsoring the session, to be present.
What Mr. Roberts will have to offer is not
foreseen, but the local board is authority for
the statement that under present regulations
additional ration points cannot be made avail
u would appear, then, that unless the OPA
•aa ba pamiadad fe afaatiga tta alletane**
schedules better to meet Wilmington’s needs,
which it has shown no inclination to do in
the past, it will be necessary for the proprie
tors to find the solution of their problems for
themselves. As the chief need is for meat
they might have two meatless days weekly,
as has previously been suggested. This would
be easier if the fish supply were larger or,
for that matter, if patrons generally would
be satisfied to go meatless oftener.
The fact that red meat is reaching the open
market in larger quantities than for some
time put does not offer any relief for it is
available only to purchasers possessing the
neTary ration points. Refrigerators might
be overstocked but it would do Wilmington
eating place proprietors no good unless they
had the points to get it.
The Friday meeting will afford them an
opportunity to thresh the whole situation out
with the OPA’s agent.
Home Leadership Needed
Prime Minister Churchill’s arrival in Quebec
sets at naught recent claims that President
Roosevelt and he had planned Allied oper
ations so far into the future that there could
be no reason for them to get together soon
again. The exegencies of the war obviously
were not taken into consideration by the false
prophets making this forecast.
After the Churchill-King parleys in Quebec
we may expect to learn that Mr. Roosevelt
and Mr. Churchill, with their full staffs, are
in a huddle to review the present situation
all over the world and draft a new program
for Allied forces which reasonably will include
European invasions on a great scale.
The time is ripe for them. The United
Nations are ready for them. There can be
little doubt that the objective is to bring the
war in E*urope to an end before another cal
endar year arrives.
If this is indeed the purpose of forthcoming
conferences, there is the more reason that
the home front should be mobilized on a scale
and with a thoroughness which will more near
ly approach the efficiency of the armed forces.
In the invasion of Europe the people at
home have a role little less vital than that
of the uniformed service. We cannot doubt
that the people at large are willing, even
anxious, to assume their role. But they cannot
do their full part without better leadership
than they have had in the past.
With bureau and department heads bicker
ing and quarreling among themselves, the con
fusion existing in Washington exists also
throughout the country, with the result that
war production is below par, essential busi
ness is stagnant and the American public be
The months ahead are to be as troubled on
the home front as at the battle fronts. Civilians
are going to need more of the kind of leader
ship that is turning the tide of the war against
the Axis if they are to give the men at the
front the support they will need for victory.
It is up to Washington to provide that leader
OPA Reorganization
Noting that Washington is experiencing dif
ficulty in finding men for key positions in
the Office of Price Administration who meet
the qualifications set up by Congressional man
date, the New York Times comments that the
OPA should be reorganized “along commodity
or industrial lines with one executive respon
sible for both the rationing and price control
for a given product.” If this were done it
would do away with the constant back-biting
and wrangling that has typified the bureau’s
inter-branch relations in the past.
The Times points out other results that
reasonably may be expected. “It would re
duce the number of key executives required.
By increasing the scope and importance of
key jobs, top-ranking business men might be
attracted to the agency. Rationing and price
control, which are so closely interrelated,
could be coordinated more effectively.”
But the Times adds:
The problem of coordination will not be
solved merely by reorganizing the agency.
But such a centralization of control would
necessitate a consideration of both phases
of the problem, and of their interaction,
•whenever a decision concerning either one
must be made. Finally, the time is op
portune because the new personnel will
not have the same vested interest in main
taining the present separation of functions
as did the persons they are replacing.
The encouraging thing about the future of
OPA is that whereas the office has heretofore
been administered by persons with no special
qualifications for the work, the top positions
are to go to men with at least five years
business experience. The day of the theorists
is about over.
There Is A Difference
Representative May, chairman of the House
Military Committee, proposes to introduce a
bill the day Congress reconvenes prohibiting
the drafting of fathers, and the House prob
ably will approve it. Certainly such legisla
tion is warranted and in the interest of the
nation’s welfare unless an unforeseen military
reverse, so great as to jeopardize Allied vic
tory, should make the service of fathers nec
But if Mr. May is accurately quoted as
saying that his bill would make no distinction
between the fathers of children born before
or after Pearl Harbor, there is reason to
doubt that he has a clear vision of the situ
Pre-Pearl Harbor fathers had established
families while this country was still at peace,
whereas fathers whose Hist offspring has been
born since, and particularly fatrfers in service
who married after joining the armed forces,
have a fundamentally different status. They
entered wedlock and with their wives knew
full well that the birth of a child could not
reasonably be expected to relieve them of
their service obligation.
If Mr. May’s proposal actually means what
it seems to mean, and if his bill is approved
by Congress, these fathers would have to be
released. We cannot go along with him if
he intends to exempt the fathers of war babies
as well as pre-Pearl Harbor fathers from
war duty. ^
Fair Enough
(Editor's Note.—The Btar and the News accepts no
responsibility for the personal views of Mr. Pegler,
and often disagree with them as much as many of
his readers. His articles serve the good purpose of
making people think.
NEW YORK.—I never did give much im
portance to the document called the resolution
of the presidium of the executive committee
of the Communist International which was
bioadcast last May and ballyhooed the world
over and accepted by most of the world as
ar act dissolving the so - called Comintern,
which is Russia’s fifth column in other coun
tries, including ours. Any government which
was capable of maintaining such an organiza
tion in the first place would not hesitate to
piactice a small deception in its own inter
ests, and intelligent and wary people cannot
be expected to believe anything it says or rely
on any of its promises. The communist faith
is so treacherous and immoral that no act
which to normal and decent human beings is
wrong is forbidden a communist if it serves
his political beliefs and aims. Anything that
serves communism is right and good, and
that is the only moral test that a communist
knows. To him it is not wrong to commit
a wrong but it is grievously wrong to refuse
to do so if the interests of communism seem
to require such commission. He is exactly
like the nazi and the fascist in this respect
and the fact that he is at odds with the
fascist and nazi and, for this reason is killing
large numbers of Nazis, should not confuse
our judgment.
Some of our statesmen and our people go
in fear that if we recognize these truths and
keep them to the fore by discussion Joseph
Stalin will be hurt in his feelings and moved
to decisions harmful to us. This is an absurd
proposition and more uncomplimentary to Sta
lin than anything that could be said about
the known duplicities of his communists in
our midst, for it assumes that he is a man
who would make important decisions petu
lantly when the fact is that Russia’s interests
are his only guide in all decisions. He would
neither take any action unfavorable to us for
any such reason nor be swerved from any
such decision out of gratitude or friendliness
begotten by any act of appeasement on our
So even if the resolution of the presidium
of the executive committee and so forth had,
in fact, professed to be a dissolution of the
fifth column known as the Comintern and rep
resented here in a number of CIO unions
which enjoy the favor of the new deal ad
ministration, no shrewd or cautious American
would have had any excuse for believing it.
As the resolution itself said, in the course of
a long and strikingly Hitleresque confusion of
ideological jargon and double talk: “Com
munists have never been supporters of the
conservation of organizational forms that have
outlived themseles.” This means that if and
when the communists decide to reorganize
their fifth column and reshape it and rename
it, they will do so; but nowhere in the resolu
tion is there any excuse for believing that
they have any intention to abandon its ac
tivities and purposes.
But the fact is that this resolution did not
announce the dissolution of the cominern, and
the further fact that editorial writers and
savants and commuters of the 5:15 all thought
it did constitute a triumph for those who com
posed the resolution. They tossed off a whole
newspaper column of rhetorical rope-tricks,
and by the time the saps got down to the
important part the effect on them was the
same as that induced by a particularly goofy
chapter of Mein Kampf. This is not accidental.
It is methodical.
Did the last paragraph of this resolution
say the Comintern had been dissolved? Well,
what do you think
It says the presidium and so forth, “puts
forth the following proposal for ratification
by the sections of the Communist Interna
The “following proposal” is that the com
iptern be dissolved but the resolution itself is
not an act of dissolution, although it was
gulped down as such all over the world and
the communists, themselves, in the United
States secretly chortled over the dumb stu
pidity of their enemies in deceiving them
selves through careless reading.
I am afraid that it is going to be necessary
to stand toe-to-toe with Joe Davies and Henry
Wallace on this issue of communism in our
country because Davies, greatly swollen with
self-importance, and Wallace, grim and hot
eyed with the zeal of the political bigot, would
have our people trust Stalin and the commu
nists with unquestioning faith—which is one
sure way to set our country up for a serious
disappointment. They have almost succeed
ed in making us believe that we have had
solemn promises from Stalin, the nonfulfill
ment of which would grieve us sore, when
the fact is that he has not bound himself
to serve anyone but Russia and has let us
do all the promising and idealizing.
And that resolution did not announce the
dissolution of the Comintern.
We are anxious to see a peace in which
Italy can play her part as a respectable na
tion once again.—British Foreign Minister An
thony Eden.
* * *
People in the occupied areas once were our
customers. At first they will have no money
to buy goods tfrom us. The amount we spend
in helping them to become self-supporting is
trivial compared to the amount they will
spend with us once they resume the creation
of wealth.—Foreign Relief Director Herbert
* * *
I desire that you achieve a production record
so far superior as to be entirely beyond the
imagination of the enemy aircraft production
plan.—Jap Premier Hideki Tojo to Mitsubishi
aircraft workers.
* * *
Before the war Stalin was nothing to Mr.
Churchill but a blood-staind tyrant, and Mr
Churchill was nothing to Stalin but a type of
bourgeois imperialist. Now they know one
another as Winston and Uncle Joe. That is
Sfaa£0US |nprovement- ~ George Bernard,
f ' i
Raymond Clapper Says:
Allies Must Be Ready
When Countries Taken
LONDON. (By Wireless) As we
see now regarding Italy, one of
lhe Allied problems that will ac
company victory everywhere will
be to find a way to launch self
government in liberated territory.
Our la ?k of preparations caught
us shamefully unready for Musso
lini’s resignation and led to the
humiliating conflict in American
broadcasts, with OWI calling the
King of Jtaly moronic nd at the
same time General Eisenhower
commending him for ousting Mus
solini. And President Roosevelt
leaping in with a public rebuke of
OWI about ;he time Eisenhower
was switching over to a tough line
—when Badoglio began stalling.
The policy of using the Allied
commanding general in the Medi
terranean theater as an outlet for
psychological - warfare handouts
seems open to question. Why
should tne general in command of
a big operabon like this have to
be a mouthpiece for political war
What have all our mystery boys
around Washington been doing all
'.his time, that we come up now
undecided whether to call the King
of Italy names or try to do busi
ness with him?
Fortunately we have time to
profit oy this awkward exposure
of Allied policymakers sound
asleep when the first big oppor
tunity knocked Especially should
that embarrassing experience
cause us to be sure we are not
similarly found wanting with' re
gard to preparing for the liber
ation of France. That may not be
so far off. Italian troops occupy
some French territory — Corsica,
and the southeastern corner of
Fiance from the Rhone east and
from Lyon south.
Forty-eight hours after Mussoli
ni’s capitulahon General de Gaulle
broadcast that no Allied settlement
with Italy could be valid or lasting
without French participation. This
was a plain warning to the Allies
to end their policy of ignoring the
French Committee of Liberation.
The de Gaulle utterance, made
v/ithout consulting some of his
more moderate followers, was re
garded as tactless and caused con
siderable Albed irritation, but it
was the kind of thing we may
expect as long as we ignore the
fact that French interests will be
directly concerned the moment It
aly capitulates. As matters stand
today there is nobody representing
France with whom we could of
ficially discuss matters except
General Giraud, who is generally
subject *o the. control of the French
Committee of National Liberation,
the existence of which we do not
The absurdity of the Allied po
sition in that, respect will become
more chan academic the moment
Italy ciuits. Actually it is more
than academic now. because ev
ery day's delay is losing time and
adding to Ine resentment which
might make the future more dif
ficult and which certainly hampers
tnose Frenchmen who are prepar
ing the machinery for a resump
tion of self-government in France.
The committee members are
middle-of-the roaders, concerned
with preventing dictatorship and
with making preparations so that
elections will be automate. They
reed the help now of Allied rec
ognition for the committee.
It would be well if recognition
were limited andv conditioned. The
committee limits itself, on the
basis of letters from Giraud and
de Gauile, to exercise its functions
until “the day upon which they
shall permit the formation, in con
formity with the laws of the Re
public, of a provisional government
to which it shall hand over its
powers. At the latest this date
shall be that of the total liberation
of the territory of France.”
Recognition could well be limit
ed to the boundaries which the
committee sets out for itself. Un
less the Allies succeed in giving
sufficient strength and prestige to
evtch efforts for setting self-gov
erning machinery in motion, we
must be prepared for a de-facto
assumption of power by de Gaulle.
If the Allies fail to support ma
chinery for the rebirth of the re
public, so that plans will all be
definitely ready to be activated,
then the day of liberation will be
a day of tragic confusion and
thwarted hopes.
Telling Me
The planes were a Thunderbolt
and a Lightning. Sounds like
stormy weather ahead for the
! ! !
Four Italian generals surrender
ed at the same time. Probably
didn’t want to break up their
contract bridge game.
! ! !
Munda fell on a Friday. That’s
sure going to make it tough on
history students of the future.
! ! !
Hitler might solve all his prob
lems simply by ordering to the
firing squad the author of “Mein
Kampf,” the book that got him
into all this trouble.
The Literary Guidepost
"Pick Out the Biggest,” by
Frank Morris (Houghton Mifflin;
Frank Mon is’ “Pick Out the
Biggest” is ihe story of 27 as ex
citing minutes as human beings
ever experienced. Probably no
n an writing today could do jus
tice to the brief period in which
'he Boise was chiefly responsible
for the death of six Japanese snips
Mr. Morris has done better with
the material than most, although
there is a kind of slap-happy, god
dammit, super-he-mannish quality
about sections of it that seem to
me not quite the right approach.
Chiefly, Mr Morris’ account is
a tferent in that it allots the other
ships of the Boise’s task force cred
it for heir share of the exploit—
some of the reports to date have
given the impression that Iron
Mike Moran and his men did j'
ad alone. That is a misconception
that would annoy the Boise’s men
‘Pick Out the Biggest” begins
with thtf Boise on convoy duty to
me Philippine* just before Pearl
Harbor. She arrived in Manila
Decemoer 4, 1941, was suddenly
ordered to Davao on December 5.
and heard tie news of the Jap
attack when she was 100 miles on
her way. “Strip ships!” was the
first order, and overstuffed ward
room furniture, draperies, even
picture frames went over - side.
The Boise was about to slap the
Only she d;dn’t. For one reason
or another, she just missed action
Sor mouths, doing successful con
voy duty but shooting down ex
actly nothing At last she ran
aground on an uncharted coral
reef, and eventually would up in
San Francisco for repairs. The of
f cers and the crew didn’t like it,
althougn they faithfully worked out
Die damage control problems of
Commander Wolverton. Later they
were glad they had.
Then, and suddenly, came the
Boise’s 27 minutes of glory. In
four minutes a Jap heavy cruiser
vvent down. It took a minute to
kill No. 2, a destroyer. Four min
utes for the next, and so to the
end. Mr. Morris then takes the
crippled Boise through her search
fcr repairs, back to Philadelphia
for remaking J
The editor does not necessarily
endorse any article appearing m
this department. They represent tht
views of the individual readers.
Correspondents are warned thai
aU communications must contain
the correct name and address foi
our records, though the letter may
be signea as the writer sees fit
The Star-News reserves the right
to alter any text that for any rea
son is objectionable. Letters on
controversial subjects will not b*
To The Editor:
In reply to two letters in the
‘Letter Box’ column, may I take
issue with them as regards sol
diers wives interesting themselves
in war and patriotic activities.
Why take it out on the Army
wives only? How about these ‘de
fense’ wives whose interest in war
activities is practically zero’ All
they do is ride around in their cars
calling for the mail, hogging food
at the grocery and meat markets,
thanks to the convenient shifts
which their husbands have, so that
the wife can do her shopping leis
urely, dress up in the height of
fashions, gossip two-thirds of the
day, and when the filter center
calls for volunteers, where are
they? I’ll tell you. They're at the
bank, at the post office sending
money orders, at the movies, over
crowding buses, envying the man
in uniform because he has a seat
and they have to stand.
Are they doing anything for the
war effort
Now let’s put the soft pedal on
criticism of the service man’s
wife, the man may be on the bat
tle front in a very short time. For
the little time she has to be with
him, let’s get behind her, and boost
her morale. Her husband does
not a defense worker’s salary but
he knows there is no better thing
in this world than to wear the
uniform of Uncle Sam. And when
he returns in glory we will not for
get him.
Veteran of World War and a
Wilmington, N. C.
Aug. 11, 1943.
The War
The drums of destiny are bc .
ing for the Axis not only in RUs/,*
n Sicily, in the Solomons and ~Xc'v
Guinea and at sea. but on
sice of the Atlantic The in-.,/
nent Roosevelt - Churchill mcc- . '
with staff strategists foreshadows
Allied military decisions of
p’-erne consequence.
The nour and the forces are ■ t
hand for boid and aggressive
strokes to clinch the dawning v c.
tory, and clinch it soon. It is wjtll
the ways and means, military and
perhaps political, that the Allied
war captains and their councillors
will deal when they meet in the
rew world to plan the rebirth in
freedom of the old.
Before them will be a European
war map utterly changed even
fiom the heartening prospect ■'*_
showed when they last met onlv
three months ago. Italy is a eoi.
lapsed and politically purged se:
ment of the once mighty Axis arch
a liability, not an asset to Nazi
Germany. The U-boat campaign
in the Atlantic, last high card 'in
the Nazi hand, has been played
and trumped
The Axis satellite framework is
wavering from the Balkans to Fin
land. Nazi war industry is a bomb
shattered shadow of itself. Cumu
lative Allied blows are bleeding
Japan of ships and planes and
But most of all, in Russia a tre
mendous and expanding Red army
offensive is rolling weeks before
Washington and London deemed it
possible three months ago. That
must be the primary circumstance
tnat conditions new Allied battle
directives and strategic concept?
framed in the sixth Roosevelt
Churchid face to - face grappling
with war problems.
If Allied victories in Africa, Sic
ily. the Aleutians and the Far Pa
cific are to be consolidated and
their war-shortening potentialities
.ealized, there can be no point m
pressing new Allied attacks.
Immediate major new' moves to
bolster the Russian offensive and
keep it going relentlessly into the
coming winter when Nazi battle
prowess falls to its lowest ebb
must stand first on that Allied
strategic conference agenda. What
ever Allied moves can be soonest
,-z*d most effectively implemented
as major diversions to draw more
Nazi planes, guns and divisions
from ihe east must claim first
Allied attention.”
Stalin has risked greatly in hurl
ing his armies forward on the at
tack in luly instead of October or
November. He is battling the once
seemingly invincible wehrmacht
on its own chosen ground and in
its own favored season.
Allied risks to aid that mighty
Red summer drive are now war
1 anted.
There is one other aspect of the
situation in Europe with which the
coming Allied strategic conference
conceivably might deal effectiv. y.
That is the reduction to concrete
terms of the unconditional surren
der motto.
A precise outline of the military
terms on which Italy, the Balkan
Axis satellites or Finland could es
cape from the w>ar might be drawn
up at the coming staff conferences.
If it deals with any other element
of the Axis than Italy, however,
Russian sand on must be sought.
And the extent to which Russia
is represented in the British Aim i
ican parleys if disclosed, could
go far to indicate whether a con
certed Allied-Russtan attempt to
bring the war to a quick end in
Europe is possible.
With shamed faces we confess
to Thee today, 0 Lord, that v.
have been more concerned oui
the minor privations that the
has brought to us personally «
we have been over the vast issue,
of the bloody battles being uu>
aiound the world to vindicate li.>
will for man Luck of
and rubber and sugai have bulked
tugger in our thoughi and cunvei
sation than tr.e death of ll“:i ' ,
,*f men, or the terrible ph---- 1
the oppressed nations. Have ■r-c
cy on us, O Lord, have ™e
upon us all. for this -madness and
selfishness and forgetfulness ol ^
greater needs. As slac.ier,
greatest W'ar of all lime, we ■;
fess our disloyalty. We ha'-f ^
red against our Country,
cur fellow men, against oui
in service and against Thee. ^ u
give us and amend us, we P‘-;; ,
Awaken us to an awareness ■ J
oneness of our Cause. Help u, •• J
conform joyfully to every ca I
serve or sacrifice. Stiffen n - s
wabbling wills Open our = • |
the glory of the coming I
Lord in a new world. - u -e g g
worthiei to he called so:. —■ 9
daughters of God. Amen.—'
As Others Say ft
. i

Extraordinary ^ I
What gave the fall ’ '
the character of rxn. f
news was the old nvin-i
principle in a fresh \-*t'1;" ,
Now It Can Be T"l,l!
It is now revealed thf
M-ssolini fell, Hitler • 111 ‘^r
to Rome to bring II 11 'p
many where be would 1,f
the Fuehrer's protecti"11.
failed in his mission 1
because Mussolini undci.-" ,
limitations of Hitler s _ f1' yj«
better than Goering.—J'c 0

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