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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, August 16, 1943, FINAL EDITION, Image 8

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16,836 Members In State
Pledge To Help In Food
Aug. 15—The North Carolina Fed
eration of Home Demonstration
clubs, through its council meet
ing at State college last week,
pledged its 36,836 members to riN
newed efforts in food production
and conservation, Mrs. Estelle T.
Smith, counselor of the 1,656 clubs,
announced here today.
She said that the council thank
ed Governor groughton for his
progressive and pertinent recom
mendation to the last General As
sembly and commended the mem
bers of the Legislature for their
conscientious adherence to duty
and their interest in the progress
of North Carolina.
The council endorsed the Ball
Hill-Burton Hatch bill and Senate
Resolution No. 114, now before the
They expressed their apprecia
tion of nine months school term
and asked that a law be passed to
.compel attendance.
They recommended to county
commissioners ana city ulucuus
that the sale of all intoxicating
beverages be discontinued.
A suggestion was made to the
National Home Demonstration
Council and the Associated Coun
try Women of the World that its
members assist in planning a post
war program for the rehabilita
tion of rural homes.
The council also endorsed the
recreational program outlined by
Dr. Harold G. Meyer of the Uni
versity of North Carolina.
Mrs. J. H. L. Miller of Mc
Dowell county was elected presi
dent, succeeding Mrs. W. P. Dor
sey of Rutherford county, who was
placed on the board of trustees.
Other officers elected at the
meeting were: Mrs. Edison Davon
port o' Washington county first
vice-president; Mrs. A. P. Pierce
of Wayne second vice-president;
and Mrs. Glenn Duncan of Chat
ham third vice-president. Mrs.
i “urge Apperson of Davie was re
elected recording secretary and
Mrs. J. P. Gregory of Camden
cuiresponding secretary. The new
treasurer is Mrs. William Person
of Franklin and Mrs. H. M. John
son of Lenoir remains chairman
of the Jane S. McKimmon Loan
JASPESR, Ala., Aug. 15—f>P)—
Senator John H. Bankhead (D-Ala.'
said today he would introduce a
bill at the forthcoming session of
Congress which would enable per
sons qualified in agriculture to
purchase farms under government
insured mortgages, similar to the
Federal Housing Authority pro
gram for urban building.
Bankhead said in an interview
that his proposal would round out
the program for soldier-rehabili
tation recently suggested by Presi
dent Roosevelt.
The Alabama senator, long-time
advocate of federal farm aid, and
author of many bills in behalf of
agriculture, said he hoped the
bill would be co-sponsored in the
House by his colleague, Rep. Hen
ry Steagall (D-Ala.)
Bankhead explained that his pro
posal would be apart from the
existing farm purchase program
operated by the Farm Security Ad
ministration, which was set up un
der the Bankhead-Jones act.
“Millions of men have left the
farms during the war,” Bankhead
■aid. “Many have sold their farms,
ar.d will need encouragement to
get back to the farms. They can’t
get them by themselves. They
must have some help. I think the
government should be as willing to
fissure mortgages on farm prop
erty as it ors been to insure ap
proximately four billions worth of
homes built in urban areas.”
No L*«n Toe Large—None Toe Small
Cape Fear Loan Office
12 S. Front 8L Dial 2-1858
sunrise —
sunset —
insurance may
save yoti from,
Many Mills Buying Wheat
\ On Knowledge OfMarkets
N. C. Department of Agriculture
RALEIGH, Aug. 15—UP)—'“Most
mills are now buying wheat on
their knowledge of market grades
or on the basis of test weight per
bushel—a very good indication of
the market grade” remarked W.
H. Darst, farm crops marketing
specialist with the State Depart
ment of Agriculture, yesterday in
commenting on the high-grade
milling wheat produced this year
by the farmers of North Carolina.
It is the opinion of Darst that
wheat producers of this state were
not encouraged to grow good
wheat until recently—“many mil
lers bought wheat on the basis of
the daily market price and on the
general average qaulity of the
wheat in the community rather
than on the daily market price
based on the actual market grade
of the individual lot of wheat.
“From a survey of the crop
grown in North Carolina in 1942,
and from observations made in
other years, it is obvious that the
grade or milling quality of wheat
can best be improved by increas
ing the test weight per bushel,
by lowering the moisture content
in the wheat and by controlling on
ion,” declared Darst in giving the
following grade iactors ior wneai.
A good milling wheat must
weigh at least 58 pounds per bus
hel. This may be obtained by prop
er fertilization of the crop, use of
improved varieties, and the em
ployment of proper methods of
harvesting and handling.
Wheat containing more than 14
per cent moisture is considered
wet wheat and must be dried down
to around 13 and one-half per cent
moisture for safe bulk storage and
Wheat containing onions when
milled for flour or feed is objec
tionable. Wheat should not be
grown in fields badly infested with
onions. It should be protected at
all times from high moisture and
excessive heat in storage. Oats,
rye, or barley found in which used
for flour tends to lower the grade,
as do weed seeds, trash and a
mixture of wheat and red winter
“In 1942, many farmers of this
section of the nation took advan
tage of the federal wheat and
farm storage program. Loans were
made on farm-stored wheat on the
basis of the market grades. For
the first time, w-heat producers
were definitely made aware of
the importance and value of grain
grading—not only in determining
the milling value and the price of
the wheat, but also in pointing the
way to better farm practices in
the harvesting, storing and hand
ling of wheat,” said Darst.
The grading specialists with the
State Department of Agriculture
have found that, in general, the
wheat stored on farms, on which
federal loans were secured last
year, varied considerably as to
quality. They observed, for in
stance, that 20 per cent originally
sampled for grade contained too
much moisture (more than 14
per cent). Naturally, much of this
wheat had to be turned by hand
in order to reduce the moisture.
This added greatly to the cost of
In grading these samples care
fully and painstakingly, Darst
found that 52 per cent of the
wheat graded number one red win
ter or number two red winter
and was good milling wheat. For
ty per cent graded number three
red winter and was discounted
three cents per bushel on loan
value. Seven per cent was num
ber four red winter and was dis
counted six cents per bushel.
Discounts were also made on
onion and smut content
Danbury Farmer Solves
Poultry Water Problem
DANBURY, Aug. 15—Paul Ben
nett has solved his water' prob
lems by installing a hydraulic
ram and finds that his savings of
time in watering chickens pay for
the ram in 463 days, reports Coun
ty Agent E. S. Stokse of the ex
tension service at State college.
Bennett purchased 600 chickens
in the spring and found that they
needed 20 buckets of water a day.
Since it took an hour each day to
water the chickens, he invested
$46.04 in a ram, $74.25 in piping,
$7.50 in cement, $2 in fittings and
S3 in hauling,expenses.
Bennett now has plenty of water
for his chickens and livestock, and
plenty for the house, and he is let
ting his chickens pay the bill, ac
cording to Stokes.
730 Animals To Market
Set Record For Sales
LOUISBURG, Aug. 15— R. N.
Shearon recently made a record
sale of hogs when he delivered 730
finished animals to the market,
reports County Agent W. C. Boyce
of the extension service at State
According to Boyce, the hogs
weighed 168,000 pounds and this is
believed to be the largest single
sale of pork ever made by one
farmer in North Carolina.
He also reports that other farm
ers in Franklin county have made
considerable increases in livestock
30 Decks, Totalling 3,923
Animals Shipped In
Recent Weeks
Aug. 15—Thirty decks of lambs,
totaling 3,323 animals, have been
shipped from North Carolina in
recent weeks and the sheep indus
try of the state is making steady
progress, L. I. Case, extension ani
mal husbandman at State college,
announced here Saturday.
He said that the extension serv
ice and the State Department of
Agriculture had been cooperating
with the farm organizations to en
courage sheep growing in North
Carload shipments of sheep have
been brought in, better rams have
been obtained, sheep shearing
demonstrations have been held,
and wool has been pooled for ship
ment from central points. Growers
have been assisted in making car
lot shipments of lambs and grad
ing has been arranged.
me extension tarm agents, ac
cording to Case, have been assist
ing growers with the feeding,
worming, and care of their flocks,
with special attention to the pro
duction of the best gradr of lambs
and of wool.
Much progress has been made.
According to Case, in a shipment
of 153 lambs from Alamance coun
ty recently, Lonnie McPherson de
livered 32 choice lambs and 10
good lambs.
Sampson County Raisers
Make Profit In Chickens
CLINTON, Aug. 15—Poultry rec
ords of four demonstrators in
Sampson county, Mrs. Oscar Me
Lamb, George Waller, Jr., T. H.
Askew, and Cecil R. Tew, show
that they had returns of $125.64
above feed costs in July, reports
Assistant County Agent J. P. Sto
vall of the extension service of
State college.
The 438 birds in the flocks lav
ed 522 dozen eggs, with Mrs. Mc
Lamb showing the largest profit.
One of the demonstrators reported
a loss. For the first six months
of the year, the four flocks aver
aged 907 birds and returns of $1,
641.02 above feed costs.
About 40 percent of the cotton
acreage in Scotland and 65 per
cent of the acreage in Hoke is
planted to the new wilt strains of
the Coker 100 variety of cotton,
reports J. A. Shanklin, extension
cotton specialist of State college.
Lumber Company Aids
Columbus Cattle Work
WHITEVILLE, Aug. 15.—By far
one of the most ambitious cattle
raising programs ever undertaken
in this section of the state has been
started near Hallsboro by the
North Carolina Lumber company.
These plans include building up
the present herd of 100 head of
cattle to 500 head of pure-bred
hite-faced Herefords, along with
the erection of a large abbatoir,
and the embarcing of thousands of
acres of previously idle “cut-over”
land into profitable pasture.
In this mammoth project, a fine
start has already been made.
Down in the Honey Hill section
of the country below Hallsboro
where the company has extensive
land-holdings, the site has already
been selected for expansion of the
project, and materials for the ab
batoir have already been placed
on the site.
This project is distinctly unique,
in that it probably represents the
first time a big corporation en
gaged in the large-scale manufac
ture of lumber products, has
branched out into something so en
tirely different as cattle-raising.
But the war, wit hits accompany
ing scarcity of beef, along with Da
vid N. Council, the progressive,
lorwarct-iooKing manager of the
company commissary at Hallsbo
ro. are jointly responsible.
Council foresaw the possibilities
of such an enterprise back in the
days when meat counters were
littered with the various parts of*
a cow’s anatomy. The coming of
the ar and the subsequent short
age of beef served only to empha
size the wisdom of Mr. Council's
A year ago, he laid his proposals
on the table before the operators
of the North Carolina Lumber
company. They were quick to see
its almost unlimited potentialities,
and gave Council the green light.
That was all he needed. Two
months after the go-ahead had
been given, Council had 800 acres
of what had formerly been waste
land fenced in as a pasture for
the 100 head of cattle which he had
managed to assemble.
The Hallsboro man had already
decided upon white-faced Here
fords as the breed he would use,
since this breed makes the best
beef cattle, but getting a 100-head
so quickly proved more than a
mansized job. He had to content
himself with something less than
all white-faced Herefords, and by
the process of in-breeding with a
purebred-registeded bull which he
has purchased, building up the
herd to all Herefords.
Now, if there’s a cow for sale in
a radius of fifty miles around,
Council is on the trail of it before
anybody else knows one can be
bought. He’s constantly adding to
the herd, and expects to have 500
cattle within the next year or two.
The project is to be largely self
sufficient, and when brought to
full fruition, will include the pro
duction of beef from hoof to din
ner table. Pastures are planted in
such crops as soy and velvet beans,
peavine hay, and lespedeza, on
which cattle may graze during the
summer months. No feeding is nec
essary for the cows during these
months, the pasturage being suf
ficient. Some of the pasture land
is wooded while one or two hun
dred acres are pure cane-breaks,
which make the best kind of pas
Already a large pasture of sev
eral hundred acres has been fenced
in, and plans are being made now
for the inclusion of six hundred
more acres in the near future,
which will then give the company
1,400 acres of just pasture land.
Part of the fence surrounding
the pasture, typically enough, is
constructed of lumber, and leads
for a quarter of a mile from the
Honey Hill commissary westward.
The enterprize is already paying
dividends. When other markets in
this section are suffering for lack
of beef, Council sells plenty. And
its good beef, too.
Franklin County Farms
Stick To l-Tvpe Cotton
LOUISBURG, Aug. 15—About 90
ercent of all the cotton in Frank
lin county is planted to one chosen
variety and growers are being fur
nished with free grading and class
ing service under the Smith-Dexey
Act, reports County Agent W. C.
Boyce of the extension service at
State college.
Ten cotton ginners are cooperat
ing in the program and they are
taking samples of the cotton for
the growers, rendering a real
service in cotton improvement, ac
cording to Boyce.
The agent says that Franklin
county began its one-variety cot
ton improvement work in 1939 and
that each year the work has shown
satisfactory progress. Pure seed
from parent stock are produced
each year for planting the next
year’s crop and thus the staple
length and character of the cotton
are maintained.
U. S. No. 1 Magazine Feed
Packaged with 7 pieces of pipe
and one CC Plus
elbow _ tax
The Springer Coal Co., Inc.
Foot of Chestnut St.—Dial 5261
Growers Should Be Sure
That Staple Should Be
In Dry Condition
Aug. 15.—Growers will receive
large premiums if they will gather
their cotton clean, keep it dry and
pick it before there is weather
damage, C. L. McCaslan, exten
sion gin specialist at State college,
announced here today.
He pointed out that there is a
serious shortage of good cotton
for manufacturing war goods and
he appealed to growers to exert
every possible effort to produce
middling cotton this year.
He said that he was. of course,
aware of the labor shortage and
asked that the people in the towns
form themselves into cotton pick
ing gangs and assist the farmers
in getting the cotton out of the
fields before it suffers weather
damage. He pointed out that the
longer the cotton remains in the
field, under average conditions,
the lower is the grade.
With a staple length of one and
one-sixteenth inches, cotton of
middling grade in the white class
is worth $16.75 a bale more than
low middling cotton, on the basis
of loan values, McCaslan advised.
“This premium can easily repre
sent the difference between „
hfsafd5 “ gl'°Wing tne
The gin specialist also J
growers to get their seed
in proper condition before „ “
ing it to the gin. He called st»?'
attention to the fact that the
ton of the first picking V
“green” condition and it shouia •*
allowed to cure out and^
thoroughly before ginnin, ®rj
He stated that no ginner
gardless of how good h ! J*
ment is, can do a satisfactorT*
of ginning if the cotton « 'p„j03
“green” or “damp." Wer
Young Richmond Planter
RedeeimSeU 4s Farmer
Parker, a young farmer o'
rnond county, has redeemed
self as 8 soybean grower "-Vo
year with a yield of about 30 to V
bushels per acre.
According to Q. E. Cnlvard. a„.
sistant county agent of the y
extension service at State eolle P
Parker hardly got his seed bal
last year. His land was we'l ri' '
ed and fertilized this year and the
seed were inoculated. These rer
ommended practices brou’h*
good yields in spite of a sea'
when it was hard to cultivate' the
The Bureau of Agricultural Eco
nomics has reported that average
farm real estate taxes per acre '
the U. S. declined about 2 percent
between 1941 and 1942.
You pay weekly: In about You Get:
3^2 years
.50 - $ 100.00
1.00 ■■ - 200.00
2.50 500.00
5.00 1.000.00
10.00 - 2,000.00
and up.
Get your home loan from the CAROLINA. Money to lend
on acceptable security.
Carolina Bnildino & Loan Assn. \
“Member Federal Home Loan Bank"
C. M. Butler W. A. Fonvlelle W. D. Jonee
Pres. Sec.-Treaa. Asst. Sec. Treas.
Roger Moore, V-Pree. J. O. Carr, Atty
tlsi/ \jour cfavonte cf urntlure Store Gften I
thoroughly examine the injury inside and out for hidden
trouble. Then we ream out the break and cut away any
broken cords much like a dentist cleans a tooth for filling.
2. THEN WE VULCANIZE IT . •. Rubber is
cemented into the hole outside; a "section repair" is
built up inside replacing the broken cords. The repair is
then welded into the tire under heat and pressure.
We're expert in patching up tires and tubes that you might thinx are
worthless. You will be amazed to see what we can do to damaged
rubber. Bring all your tire troubles to us. Come in once a week.
Leave the rest to us—we'll tell you what you need when you
need it, and see that you get it!
3. IT'LL STAND UP • • • Our tire men are so
skilled in scientific vulcanizing that we know our re
pairs will last for thousands of miles —under today's
conditions of slow driving.
Wenberg Bros.
3rd and Grace Sts. Phone 2-3686
to buy a Grade I
tire. If so, your cer
tificate entitles you
to the best—

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