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morning &iar North Carolina’s Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-News At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Departments DIAL 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER Payable Weekly Or In Advance Combina Time Star News tion l Week . $ -25 $ .20 $ .40 l Month . 1-10 -90 1.75 J Months . 3.25 2.60 5.20 New rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News BY MAIL Payable Strictly In Advance Combina Time Star News tion 1 Month .$ -75 S -50 $ .90 3 Months . 2.00 1.50 2.75, U Months . 4.00 3.00 5.50 l year 8.00 6.00 10.00 1 Year ........... 13.00 10.40 20.80 6 Months’. 6-50 5.20 10.40 New rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News Card of Thanks charged for at the rate of 25 cents per line. Count five words to line. THE’ ASSOCIATED PRESS Is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star With confidence in our armed forces — with the unbounding de : termination of our people—we will gain the inevitable triumph — so help us God. —Roosevelt’s War Message TUESDAY, AUGUST 17, 1943_ Our Chief Aim To aid in every way the prosecu tion of the war to complete Vic tory. _ THOUGHT FOR TODAY ? Disbelief makes bitter, defiant spoiled children who stamp their feet and de mand personal satisfaction from the uni verse. Faith makes poised, quiet, deter mined creators of a new world. Rev. Bernard C. Clausen D. D. “Salute Edition” Our hat is off to the Forest City Courier which has just produced a “Salute Edition” containing 112 pages, an achievement of note in ordinary times but outstanding at this pe riod considering business, labor and news print conditions. Any one interested in North Carolina’s rec ord in affairs should obtain and carefully pre serve a copy for reference. Rutherford coun ty’s splendid history from Revolutionary days down to the present is ably presented. The publisher and staff of the Courier and Rutherford county’s population may well take pride in this issue. They have done a big }ob well. -V Encouraging Idleness One of the gravest errors weaklings fall into is a belief that the world owes them a living. Nobody is “owed” a living. The right to live must be earned. This said, it may be added that any scheme of government to offer security from the cradle to the grave is an extension of the fallacy that the world owes any one a living. It is difficult to imagine any plan which would en courage idleness and slothfulness more suc cessfully. If the government is going to take care of everybody anyway, what incentive can there be for self-support? -V The Next Move In Africa and Sicily the Allies have engaged but small contingents of German forces as compared with the total of Germany’s armed might. They have still to encounter many di visions such as were hurled against the Rus sians. This is why Josef Stalin, conceding both in Africa and in Sicily the Allies have had notable success, continues to say that neither battle has constituted an actual second front and insists that major attacks on con tinental Europe, which would divert fifty or sixty Nazi divisions from the Eastern front, be launched. There is fair reason to assume that Messrs. Roosevelt and Churchill will study Russia’s claim as one of the chief items on their agenda at Quebec. But this aid is not merely a ques tion of where to land expeditionary forces. It is deeper than that. The current Russian offensive which is making great progress calls for a flexible program of attack and consider ation of weather conditions with a close eye on the stealthy approach of winter. The Allies must be ready to strike their blows where they will be of greatest advantage to the Russians in the limited time good weather may be depended upon, for while Allied air operations may be continued after winter s arrival land attack will be materially slowed once cold weather sets in. Whatever the political situation may be, and many contend that Stalin is excluded from the Quebec parleys for political reasons, it is vital to United Nations success in Europe that the next Allied move shall ease enemy pres sure on the Eastern front wherever it is heaviest. If Allied blows can be delivered where they are most needed and with due regard for changing conditions on the Russian battleline, there is some reason to think the war in Europe may be ended this year. At the same time, and despite Elmer Davis’ declaration that air power cannot win the war, it is reasonable to believe that if the Allies have sufficient planes of the needed types to maintain a round-the-clock air blitz over Germany and German-held countries, employing a thousand or more planes daily in the undertaking, the need for land asshult will be negligible. This phase of the Battle of Europe, we may be sure, will have the attention of Roosevelt and Churchill and their staffs. -V “Consent Of The Governed” Roscoe Drummond, Washington observer for the Christian Science Monitor, philosophically decides the “very opposite of what the human mind suggests is often the truth.” On this basis it is his conclusion that the forthcoming national election in the midst of war, which is widely viewed as a calamity, can be an asset. “It does not have to be a liability to the progress of the war; it can be a great boon to the progress of the peace.” The is sues of the peace, he feels, “will have to be resolved while the fires of war which are creating those issues are still burning.” Thus, “the 1944 election, seemingly ill-timed from the standpoint of the war, is signally well timed from the standpoint of the peace.” In concert with other observers, Mr. Drum mond believes the determining factors in the election are the people’s attitude toward in ternationalism and domestic policy. These are the problems most conspicuously before the Republican leadership. Concerning the for mer, he says: "... the G. O. P. cannot suc cessfully counter Mr. Roosevelt if it insists upon forcing the American people to elect international chaos — via an isolationist or equivocal foreign policy—as the only alterna tive to the new deal.” He is less assertive regarding domestic policy, restricting himself to a plug for Wendell Willkie, saying: “It is not surprising, therefore, to see Mr. Willkie’s candidacy coming strongly to the fore, since Mr. Willkie is one of the foremost Republican leaders whose nomination would bring national agreement behind a non-partisan foreign pol icy and permit the campaign to be fought on the unresolved issues of post-war domes tic affairs.” The problem, we believe, is greater than that. It is essential not to leave post-war domestic affairs “unresolved.” They should be definitely defined and the objective set up before the American people go to the polls to elect the next president. It would be as fatal to elect domestit chaos as it would be to elect the international chaos Mr. Drummond cites. The American people have had to en dure that too long already. What is needed, and it makes little differ ence who achieves it, is a return to Jeffer sonian democracy, which is ably summed up in a single statement in the Declaration of Independence, to wit: “Governments are in stituted among men, deriving their just pow ers from the consent of the governed.” No candidate for the presidency will de serve public support who fails to pledge him self to end government by edict. -V Factor In Nazi Defeat The damage to industries and communica tions by Allied bombings in Germany have materially lessened war output for the Nazi forces. But this is not their only help. They have also created labor unrest and stimulated slave workers from conquered territory to commit sabotage and slow down production. This applies not only to factory workers but agricultural as well and is reducing farm crops. As it is reported that foreign labor under Nazi domination, in and out of Ger many, totals some 12,000,000 persons it is easy to see how difficult it has become for the Germans to keep any production at normal levels. The unrest and disobedience among foreign workers is encouraged by the governments in exile by means of underground advice. The Polish government, for example, has sent word to Polish laborers to commit sabotage during Allied air raids over the Reich. The situation has become so acute that Fritz Sauckel, commissioner general for the Ger man labor effort, has issued orders that all leniency and consideration for foreign work ers be stopped and severe measures substi tuted, not only in handling those at present employed but in securing additional laborers. Stop everybody on the streets, he has told his agents, and impress all persons not able sat isfactorily to explain their absence from mills or fields. But Germany’s increasing labor difficulties are not entirely due to the recalcitrance of unvoluntary workers. They also stem from German stupidity, in placing unskilled labor ers at work on intricate machinery and send ing experts to farms. Man'y factories, as a result, have had a surplus of labor and a shortage of materials, and have been turning out faulty products because such materials as they had were under inexpert supervision and manufacturing processes were performed by untrained hands. Thus it is seen that Germany’s great scheme of mobilization among captives is actually contributing to Germany’s defeat. * You Just Can’t Have Them If you had any thought of going back to the horse and buggy days you’ll have to get along without hitching posts made from iron or steel. The WPB says you just can’t have them. And if you had an ambition to operate a carnival or even a stationary “chutes park” you might as well give it up. The WPB has merry-go-rounds and roller coasters and cal liopes on its prohibited list. The WPB has issued a seventeen column conservation order, designated as M-126, which puts the kibosh on a great variety of things, and as usual with bureaucratic edicts the order contradicts itself. For example, it per mits the manufacture of “cups’ ’for livestock, and at the same time places a prohibitory finger on pet beds, pet cages, pet dishes (which would ordinarily include “cups” and pet houses. And you can’t have a barn pusher either, or even a grass whip. But what is of more interest to the ladies is when they, are to be permitted to replenish their supply of bobby pins. -V Fifty Years At Console By LAURA HOWELL NORDEN IN CHARLOTTE OBSERVER To what servi- e can a musician better give his talents and time, through the course of years, than to Divine worship in church, cathe dral or synagogue? When, as in the case of Edward H. Munson, such service is ren dered for more than 50 years in churches of one’s own home town, among one’s own people and for more than half the time in one’s own church, it is natural that it would seem to a fellow-townswoman as if the Giver of All Good Gifts had bestowed the accolade of Acceptable Service upon his long ministry of music. Mr. Munson, who has been organist of the First Presbyterian church of Wilmington for nearly 37 years, resigned recently from that position, wishing to be relieved of the week-in and week-out strain of its responsibilities. Al though “Mr. Ed.” is much more interested in the present and future xhan in the past, he was amiable to answering the questions asked by this inquiring reporter as to his past work. Beginnings are always interesting, and usu ally simple. With musicians beginnings often should properly be laid to the singing of lul labies, family gatherings around the piano, or the sympathetic insight of a music teacher. Mr. Munson gives much credit to the training he had as a boy under Professor Van Lear, a Dutch pianist, who taught for many years in Wilmington. Subsequent organ study in cluded training under I. V. Flagler at Lake Chautauqua, N. Y., and later in New York city under J. Warren Andrews, organist of the Church of the Divine Paternity. Let it be said here, that while Wilmington (now the center of a defense area and vastly overcrowded) may lack in normal times the keenness of interest in industrial development that has made other cities bustling metropoli tan centers, yet this old city has always called a surprisingly large number of its young men and women back home for adult work after a period of training. So it was, that Mr. Mun son returned home to follow his profession as organist. During these years he has served five different congregations in the city: the Second Presbyterian <iiow St. Andrews), St. John’s Episcopal, the First Baptist. St. James Episcopal and the First Presbyterian. Part of that time, for nine years, he was organist director in the First Church while that church employed a quartet. For nearly a decade Mr. Munson has headed the Wilmington Concert association. During his presidency the organization has functioned continuously and has grown with the expand ing community. The regard with which he is held by the men of the city is shown in the fact that he has been the musician mem ber of the Wilmington Rotary club almost since its beginning. One of the important factors in developing music appreciation in Wilmington was the Wilmington Choral Society, which functioned for many years until its ranks were depleted of men by the demands of World war I. Mr. Munson was the sole director of this organiza tion. In the 37 years during which "Mr. Ed” has played at the old First Church, many changes have taken place in the church, nota bly the fact that a magnificent new edifice has been erected as a result of a fire which was heartbreaking to the congregation at the time, and in the new auditorium a large Skinner organ, known as the Sprunt Memorial Organ, was given by that family. This in strument is not equalled in the city, for sweet ness of tone, power and capabilities of manip ulation. During the length and breadth of such serv ice-many humorous things occur, which can’t well be recounted. The organist also shares with the minister in assisting at those two events of prime importance in human experi ence—weddings and funerals, and so touches many lives. Mr. Munson tells of one occurrence which was far from humorous at the time, but un doubtedly so in retrospect, which happened in the old church, under a former pastor, who is still beloved. One of the Calvinistic tenets rigidly adhered to by Presbyterian min isters formerly is that each Sunday, being set aside as the Lord’s Day commemorates the Resurrection, and therefore there should be no special observance of Easter Sunday. Faster music was frowned upon in particular. On this Easter Sunday, therefore, the min ister, to avoid all reference of the seasonal celebration, took his text from the Christmas story and called for the hymn ‘It Came Upon the Midnight Clear’ to be sung just before the sermon. The following Sunday, however, since it was not Easter, Easter hymns were used and the sermon chosen accordingly. Incidentally, Mr. Munson also remembers that during this minister’s pastorate, in one year while the church employed a professional quartet, with organist-director, the loose change in the collection plates amounted to $2,500. showing a- healthy state of affairs for any church. A few years ago, following an accident which resulted in a broken hip, “Mr. Ed.’’ sent in a resignation, but was over-ridden by the choir and music committee and in a remarka bly short time was back at his accustomed place at the console. This time he expresses determination to stick by his resolve to be released from the strain of the position, and have his turn ‘sitting in the congregation’. It is safe to say, however, that he will continue to be the guardian angel to his organ and SiUbly comrUS f°r assistance which will I TOUGH GOING FOR THE OLD BANYAN TREE!_ INSIDE WASHINGTON WASHINGTON. _ Long time ob servers accustomed to putting “two and two together” in official Wash ington believe there is more to the panicky evacuation of Berlin than meets the eye. Both the Nazis and the Nips live in daily fear that new American long range bombers may soon be gin to scorch and scar and blacken Axis capitals with loads of bombs hitherto considered fabulous. So both are out on a fishing expedition —the Nazis clearing Berlin and Tokyo announcing that it is ready for heavy raids. It is no secret that when Amer ica entered the war a 1,000 mile round trip with a heavy bomb load was something to be rated extra ordinary. Since then an air corps general has announced that the “last of the little bombers have come off the assembly line” and Boeing Flying Fortresses made a 2,400 mile trip to ravage the oil fields of Ploesti. Moreover, there have been sev eral raids on Japanese-held Wake island from the American base at Midway—1.200 miles distant. Not long ago Allied bombers based in Australia paid a token call at Soer abaya on the island of Java—a 2,000 mile round trip. More recently, an American bomber made the first “operations flight” in history between Canada and the British Isles. With a range of 3,500 miles, bombers can fly from the Aleutians across Tokyo and land in China for fresh loads of bombs and fuel to make the return trip. So maybe—just maybe—the Axis has something. There is a story going the rounds that some OPA appointments have thoroughly aroused such a doughty old Jacksonian Democrat as Sen. Kenneth T. McKellar of Tennes see. According to very reliable re port, McKellar was visited in his office by a handsome and strap ping young chap from Atlanta, Ga., who had been named price admin istrator for Tennessee. “Have you ever been in Ten nessee before?” McKellar asked. “Once for two hours when my train stopped at Chattanooga,” the price administrator replied. McKellar then proceeded to question his visitor about prices. “What is the price of pork to day?” the senator queried. “I don’t know,” was the reply. “And of guineas?” “What are they?’ was the re sponse. Six months later the lad—then 27, who had been a department store clerk—was in the Army. High administration officials con fidently predict that the food situ ation will be under control by early November. iney iorecast mat congress win appropriate money for government purchase of basic commodities for resale to the public—just as Eng land is doing now. Another part of the program in cludes imposition of price ceilings on livestock—long a bone of con tention between OPA on one hand and the War Food Administration and Department of Agriculture on the other. Both steps comprise adminis tive capitulation to Congress, hhich has held out against all subsidies which are not paid directly to pro ducers. Price rollbacks are con sumer subsidies and never benefit the producers, House and Senate contend. Members of the United States Senate are the aristocrats of all the legislators of the country—over shadowing even their colleagues in the House of Representatives. Every senator has at least three rooms in his office suite—a house member only two. Two small mon orail cars carry senators between their office building and the Capi tol. House members have a sub way but no cars. In the Senate chamber each member has his own desk and chair. The hall of the House has seats arranged in theater fashion —and no desks. But its also true that the House restaurant serves better food at much lower prices. A haircut in the House barber shop is 35 cents against 40 in the Senate shop. Moreover, in his hot weather the House restaurant serves an ample glass of foaming brew. In the Senate, it’s ice water. -V You're Telling Me Can you remember 'way back when the customer was always right? ! L ! Prehistoric birds, we read, had no beaks. Must have been the golden age for the worms. ! ! ! Hitler, Nazi admirers used to tell us, has the magical touch. Well, the German people ought to be getting pretty tired wait ing for Adolf the Magician to pull that victory rabbit out of the hat. ! ! ! Among other sport titles froz en for the duration is that of na tional hamburger-eating cham pion. ! ! ! Women radio announcers, we read, will some day replace men. We knew they’d get the last word. ; t i Spain paid Christopher Co lumbus a bonus of $420 for dis covering America. History, how ever, does not tell us how much he had to pay back in income tax. As Others Say It IT STICKS TO YOUR RIBS Hail the peanut! From this year’s crop, says the War Food Administration, we shall have 23 per cent more peanut butter than last year. There will be a lot more peanut oil this year than last, too; but that’s another mat ter. We’ve all been eating pea nut oil for years, in various guises and not knowing it. But nobody has ever eaten peanut butter un wittingly. Now’ we can eat more of it. For a long time peanut butter was regarded generally as a ju venile item of diet, something to spread on school sandwiches and to fill up the inevitable young void in mid-afternoon. Then somebody added jelly to it and made a tea room delicacy, which almost spoil ed it for the masculine palate. But along came rationing. There as less cream for butter, and there as less beef for steaks. Ana some where along the line the word got around that peanut butter had a lot of protein and a lot of fat. And it was not on the ration list. Well’ there’s no need of starting a run on the present stocks of. peanut butter; but one can point out that it has emerged from the nursery and the tearoom has made a place for itself on the adult ta ble and in the w’orkikngman’s I lunch pail. The grocers knew; months ago what was happening. Apparently the WFA has been let in on the secret, too. o hail the peanut, at least until the milk cow and the beef steer are back in full production. But please hold the jelly. Now that we hae finally got the peanut butter sandwich on a solid masculine basis, let’s keep it there. The peanut butter sticks to your ribs, but the jelly just sticks to your fingers. —New York Times. -V NEWSMAN HONORED NEW YORK, Aug. 16.—UP!—A Liberty ship to be launched at the Bethlehem-Fairfield shipyards in Baltimore on September 6, will be named the Heywood Broun, in hon or of the late columnist who found ed the American Newspaper Guild in 1933, the Guild announced to day. The Literary Guidepost BY JOHN SELBY Grand Crossing,” by Alexander Saxton (Harpers; $2.50). I have a feelwig that a reason ably astute reader can gather from a description of young Alexander Saxton’s background the sort of book his first, and excellent, novel will be. So here is his background: He is the son of the late Eugene Saxton, who was one of the best, and best known, editors in the pub lishing business. His brother is Mark Saxton, novelist and adver tising manager for a certain pub lisher. Alexander was educated at Friends’ Seminary down on Six teenth street in New York, at Phil lips-E’xeter, and later went to Har vard. But when he was a junior he transferred to the University of Chicago, saying that he had had “six years of Harvard or six years of Exeter, whichever you Wanted to call it, and six years was enough.” After graduation he took a postgraduate year in architec ture, worked a while for an archi tect, worked in railroad yards, I steel mills, lumber yards, helped Louis Adamic on “Commor Ground.” When he wrote “Grand Crossing” he was a switchman on the New York Central’s western t division and doing a weekly col umn on railroad affairs for the Daily Worker. Now he is in the merchant marine. It seems to me that the fore going makes it almost inevitable that young Mr. Saxton should unite a novel of young ideas and that is exactly what he has done. He begins his hero’s literary ca reer with the boy leaving a job on a western newspaper and he ends with the hero running down a toad with Aileen. In between the hero, by name Michael, has done a lot of things that his cre ator has done. Mr. Saxton writes beautifully. His prose has a plastic quality that for all its lack of fundamental humor, manages to convey a sense of living and a lusty enjoyment of life. But one cannot dodge the fact that almost without exception the things young Michael does are not used to develop Michael, but to give Mr. Saxton a chance to talk through Michael’s mouth, or some other mouth. The ideas are -hrewd, but for me as well as t »ome others, the point of writ ing fiction is to develop charac ters through their lives. Instead, Mr. Saxton develops these Interpreting The War By KIRKE L. SIMPSON The Allied strategic war counc 1 in Quebec approached its decisive stage last night with every cation that from it will fiow sriTc’ tions for bold, immediate action to knock Germany as well a Italy out of the war. ' The war developments in Hus sia and in the Mediterranean then' ter alone warrant hope that months can be lopped off the du tion of the struggle in Europe by swift action now. To that Mess Churchill and Roosevelt have add ed, even before meeting in nUf' bee to give a final thumbs-un approval to the strategic pa„cm crystalizing in the hands of their most trusted military advisers their own hint of what thev L l in mind. It came in the formal announce ment that U-boats were destroy, ed at a rate of better than one a day during May, June and July Admittedly that does not end the danger on Atlantic supply ii,les as the Roosevelt - Churchill bulletin noted. It does, however, imply that an internal crack-up in Germany might be closer t .an am ail,.a authority has yet dared suggest The Kaiser’s Germany cracked up first among the men of ti e U-boat fleet. They could not stand the loss of comrades who put |0 sea in ever-increasing numbers never to be heard of again. The Allied governments then withheld information of actual pVu. gress in besting the subman menace in order to intensify the strain on German U-boat persor nel. The same technique has been followed in a general way in thr war and for the same reason. The Roosevelt - Churchill clegs-, ture from that procedure tot close over their names that tilt than 90 of the undersea craft had been sunk in the three month per iod (with the last month shov.i.g better results at sea than the two which preceded it) has special sis nificance for that reason. It im plies. at least, that a preliminary to the battle plans they expect to stamp with their approval at Quebec, they have information in dicating growing unrest in Ger many itself under bombing and submarine losses as well as de feats in Africa, Italy and Russia. The announcement was as much intended for German ears as fur those of Allied peoples. It told them that their battle of the At lantic had been lost; that there was no reasonable hope of even prolonged successful defense against the growing ground and air power of Britain and the United States on the one side, and the indomitable aggressive attack of Russian armies on the other. Given the sea control in the At lantic that German U-boat losses set out, there can no longer be any doubt of Allied ability to de liver smashing new attacks at ai point selected in continental iv.. rope. The loss of 90 or more it: der water raiders in 90 days is heavy enough material toll ■ the foe. Wjth the ships went (lit crews, however, and they cams be easily replaced. The drain on trained skilled man power that this heavy U-boal cas ualty list represents is probably a more vital loss to the enemy than the U-boats themselves. Survivin', comrades of the Nazi submarine service probably have already scented what was happening ,r sea: but with this Allied official disclosure certain to be passed around among them to increase their anxiety, the effect on their morale cannot be conjectured, but it must be considerable. -V Daily Prayet FOR FATHER CARE In a great union of yearnin? hearts, we turn to Thee, our Fa ther in Heaven, as our only refute and hope. Without Thee, and the assurance of Thine almighty pow er, we could not endure the strain of this war. Into Thy hands we commit the safety and well-bein? of our dear ones. For their sake.', for our Country’s sake, for the sake of all mankind, and for Try sake, we would bear manfully r the strain and sacrifice of this struggle. Hearten us, we pray, d j clearer thoughts of Thee and o. Thy purposes, learned from Trj word. May our faith that the Eter nal God is our refuge, and underneath are the everlastu arms, never fail us in this our ho of desperate need. Grant us dad renewed confidence that our ag ones are in Thy fatherly keep:-' and that Thou art working out «•; plans of good, for this, the " that Thou lovest so greatly ^ Thou gavest Thine onl.v S its redemption. Amen.-W. I • • NOT ALONE A country boy and hi- 1 were transferred from in a district in which they t) ,‘' , reside to the school in district. Asked, a few nu how they were getting .d I replied, ‘‘Oh, pretty good. B thing Otto and I have u , I and that is that we ain i ' .I dunces in that school." — Science Monitors. -V-" HOG GAINS ^ Experiments have sa:-1", gains made by pig" are : ;; nomical at the lighter wx.P“-- j to 225 pounds. Many g:o-‘e:, market their pigs al abCl pounds.