Newspaper Page Text
hiis Mmntgtmt lltnnmuj Btwc
______WILMINGTON, N. C„ MONDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1943_FINAL EDITION _ESTABLISHED 1867 JapaneseLose 104 Planes To jUliedAirmen 2liort To Take Aerial In itiative Proves Cost ly To Foe 2 DEFENDERS LOST MacArthiir’s Men Stage Raids Which Damage Enemy Bases il | IE D HEADQUAR TEVs IX THE SOUTHWEST | PACIFIC. Monday, Oct. 18. Upi—A Japanese attempt *7'wrest the initiative from Y,e Allies in the Southwest Pacific war in the air has Yi>t them 104 planes shot >vn or destroyed in a series of new battles. A communique from uen era] Douglas MacArthur’s headquarters which told of these heavy enemy losses to day reported only two Allied planes destroyed. Several irere damaged, however. i \ew Guinea Losses High I Eighty-four of the enemy planes Lre shot down over New Guinea d two fell before Allied fight ers over Vitiaz strait, which se r-rates New Guinea from New Britain. Six were downed over Buin at the southern tip of Bou gainville island in the Northern Soiomons. Nine Japanese fighters set upon a single heavy reconnaissance plane over Vitiaz strait. Two fell before the guns of the Allied craft, j The others escaped. Escorted medium bombers ex ecuted low-level attacks on the \Vewak and Boram airdromes. Six enemy bombers and four fighters, parked in dispersal bays, were destroyed and 12 other bombers were destroyed or badly damag ed. Direct hits silenced five anti aircraft positions and a sixth gun was silenced by strafing. "Numerous explosions and fires were observed in the dispersal end supply dump areas." the com munique said. "Twenty to thirty! enemy fighters attempted inter-: ception and 16 were shot down, with three others probable. "One of our plane? was lost and a number damaged.” Medium bombers, operating at nisht. attacked the airdrome and ,-iroptv dumps at Gasmata. New Britain, starting a number of Bits. At Cape Gloucester, at the , western tip of New Britain, three; Japanese bombers and four fight- j Continued on Page Three; Col. 6) '. I Shin Sinkings Drop To Zero Mark With U-Boat War In Lull By The Associated Press be lull in the Axis U-boat cam if;-- continued in the Western lest week when no an I'WK.T.ems were made of the j ior. of Allied or neutral j ?c“ant ships in those waters. , u.r.lri3 At past eight weeks only ■1 '-I'lted Nations or neutral met ^•?ltmen have been listed offi U-boat victims in tne :.'!-;,eri‘ Atlantic, bringing the lo 01 such sinkings since Pearl HJtoor to 6Bg. ® - Allied and Axis sources, Go,.,!-','"' 'yarned recently that submarines would re-en ;ne ba'tie of the Atlantic .pped h heavier armament new^ devices. Secretary Knox said, upon C T7 . a month's tovir of rjtl; , avT bases abroad, that the “cn". ,1'mar. U-boats were AVsr jr in force” in the riw ''d* Kar' Uoenitz, German saiitAUpr.ynie commander, also ocs 7nj ttlat ' w'fh new weap f.s0a, "ew devices, German aJi the seas ngage the enemy in ‘Dear Master: I Miss You So Much’ | A picture of her master, Donald Davidson, before her, Rosie, a cocker spaniel, tries to write a letter to tell him how much she misses him. Davidson’s sister writes a letter every week for the pooch, and Donald, stationed in California, answers regularly. Virginia Solon Planning | Retail Sales Tax Measure j WASHINGTON, Oet. 17.—(/P)—Despite aggressive Administration and CIO oposition, Rep. Robertson (D-Va) announced today he would propose to Congress a 10 per cent national retail sales tax linked with repeal of the 5 per cent victory tax. The Virginian, a member of the tax-drafting House Ways and Means committee, said his sales levy proposal would exempt all government purchases and all purchases uuuv.uuii - in eluding, of course, machinery, fer tilizer and seed bought for the production of a farm crop.” ‘‘The repeal of the 5 per cent victory tax will be definitely link ed with the proposed sales tax,” Robertson said. ‘‘It will require approximately one-half of the 10 per cent retail sales tax to offset the revenue loss occasioned by the repeal of the victory tax, and in my opinion, that will be the most equitable and feasible manner of redistributing the burden.” The administration, which wants an additional S10.500,000,000 i n wartime revenue raised through increases in income taxes on in dividuals and corporations and higher excise levies, contends that a 10 per cent sales tax would crack the economic “hold the line” policy and open the way for wild inflation. Economic Stabilization Director Fred M. Vinson said it would cause an eight per cent rise in the cost of living. Philip Murray, CIO president supported this view before the Ways ana Means body and warn ed that if a sales tax is written into law labor would demand “a proportionate increase in their wages to make up for this unjusti fied wage cut.” He likened the sales tax to "a military defeat.” Robertson, leading advocate of the sales levy as a substiute for the Administration’s program, con tended that the impost was not in flationary. “The anti-inflationary effect of a sales tax has been fully demon (Continued on Pag© Two; Col. 8) Badoglio Makes Appeal For Aid Against Peril Of Communism In Italy ITALIAN HEADQUARTERS IN ITALY, Oct. 14— (Delayed)—Iff)— Premier Pietro Badoglio, whose Italian government has been rec ognized as a co-belligerent by leading United Nations, has said that “the Allies must help us, in the press and in propaganda, so that Communism does not stand a chance” in Italy. The aged marshal’s declaration was made in an interview pub lished today in the “Eighth Army News,” a field newspaper for British troops. Asked whether there is “danger of Communism,” Badoglio re plied: “After every war there is dan ger of Communism. People are excited and overwrought after the distress of war. If conditions are too bad and they are without hope they turn to other presumed cures. Young men, trying to make po litical careers for themselves, go left rather than right “The left offers opportunities for quick rise. It appeals to pas sions which are predominant when people mentally are in a state of flux. “The Allies must help us m the press and in propaganda so that Communism does not stand chance. The Italian people aie simple in mentality. They are in dividualists. pr°perty have a evenly divided and we have a large proportion of small lan - ho'S.. Tl... is not !?'»“£ Communism. The Peop v in on very little if nec,eSS^y ve,e Naples they survived on ve0e tables and fruit." U. S. SHIPS FOOD TO 32 WARFRONTS Some Of Areas Said To Be 17 000 Miles From Point Of Origin WASHINGTON, Oct. 17.—CPI— rhe Senate Naval committee re-1 ported today that the United States s shipping food and equmment to ‘at least 32 different fronts. s«me pf them 17.000 miles from the point of origin.” ‘Tn the midst of the war.” the pommunique said. ‘‘the United states has built its Navy into the jreatest sea-air power on earth, [ts size is dwarfed only by the ;ize of the task which fronts it.” The statements were made in a erse review of the Navy s part ir. he war through the conquest of he Aleutians in the Pacific and he landings on North Africa in he Atlantic. The committee said hat during that time the Navy ought 15 main engagements and jarticipated in six campaigns. ;ome of which, as in the Central ’acific. are still continuing. The 32 different fronts are not enumerated but the report brings put that the Navy is accomplish Il£ i Lb Ui v»*v..-i Dlies and at the same time de-; itroving enemy sea-air power in, spite of the fact that it has lost; Dr given up 484.521 tons of fight-. ing ships, which the committee described as “a small Navy in it self.” The report adds no significant new information on operations in the Pacific, confining itself to a restatement of official communi ques and previously issued battle descriptions. Of the battle for the Atlantic it said that “the pattern obviously remains an immense one and one which changes hourly, and the crisis with the U-boat campaign is just now building to a show down.” To illustrate the enormity of the supply task, the committee re ported that for the North African campaign each soldier requires an average of 10 tons of supplies initially and 1 1-2 tons per month for maintenance; that on busy days the North African Air Forces (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) S. Planes And Fliers Proving Best In World WA^TTTxt,-.™, " ————————— American Uct 17‘ - » - have Proved thlaneS and crews battle, shonti 'hj world s best in ai;eraft whileg,ndown 7'312 enemy «ill better 1, Smg 11867 - a»d way. equipment is on the in 'he airbasflt Story oI war 0fflce of War h ? 1oday by ‘he Sscond report nfoB'>ation in its Plane DZ United States honts. Performance on all 5 Harbor A^yaircralt fr™ t '"S a ratio of1® SfPtember 1 "nes blasted Lt a/ly four Axis out o£ the sky for every American plane lost,^ a ra tio which rose to more than 4 to 1 in figures for a recent six months. In those six months — March through Aupust—more than two and one-half times as many enemy planes were destroyed as in the preceding 15 months of war. The actual figures were 5,389 enemy planes at a cost of 1,239 American craft. OWI’s 6,000 word report told of American plane superiority in ev ery major category, asserted that “no enemy bombing remotely riv (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) STRONG NAZI RESISTANCE CRACKED > JN MANY AREAS ON VOLTURNO LINE; ENEMY FACES COLLAPSE ON DNIEPER CROSS JNEAR KIEV Russian Army Cuts Behind Dnepropetrovsk In River Bend withdrawal IS NOTED Hitler’s Spokesmen Say ‘Big Detaching Move ment’ Made LONDON, Oct. 17.—(/P)— Russian troops, cutting be hind Dnepropetrovsk inside the Dnieper river bend, smashed ahead 15 miles on a 28-mile front today, and also made a new crossing of the Dnieper between Kiev and Gomel, Moscow announced tonight. The communique, recorded by the Soviet monitor from a broadcast, disclosed that the entire German Dnieper line was threatened with collapse as the Russians ripped new gaping holes in it, and in flicted staggering losses on German troops still counter attacking for the fifth day in the streets of Melitopol, gate way to the Crimea. Germany’s high command communique spoke of a “big detaching movement” on the Eastern front — the first time that phrase has been used since the Russians reached and crossed the Dni Reports Conflicting It said “most" of the Russian assaults northwest of Dneprope trovsk had been repulsed, but a later Berlin broadcast recorded by the Associated Press said that the Russians were using 225,000 men, supported by hundreds of tanks, guns and planes on that single sector of the front. The 15-mile Russian break through beyond the Dnieper's west bank was declared made between Kremenchug and ' Dnepropetrovsk and the communique said five German strongpoints fell to the Red army after two days of hea vy fighting. This large-scale Russian smash was an obvious attempt to trap hundreds of thousands of Ger mans inside the Dnieper loop and in the Crimea. P also gave indi rect aid to Red army forces bat tling inside Melitopol, far to the southeast. The battle of Melitopol was one of the great attrition engage ments of the war with tremendous stakes involved, Moscow dispat ches said, and the Soviet radio said Adolf Hitler had ordered his troops to hold that strategic gate way to the Crimea and the Dnie per “under penalty of death.” Smashing across the Dnieper at a new point, the Red army pene trated six miles beyond the river’s (Continued on Page Three; Col. 8) Bitter Battle Rages In Yunnan As China Opens New Offensive CHUNKING, Oct. 17.—UP)—A new eruption of bitter fighting in Yunnan province with one of three main Japanese columns advancing eastward to the Sal ween river was announced to day by the Chinese high com mand. A Chinese offensive is de veloping on the eastern front between Hangchow and Nan king, headquarters added. In Yunnan, a Japanase force which occupied Pienma Thurs day continued eastward and by yesterday afternoon reached the Salween river opposite Lu ku, where it was engaged in bitter fighting. A second main column ad vancing northward from Mang yun-Chieh has been “held at bay” near Siaochungkow, the communique said. The third column operating north of the Burma road continued on near Chiehtou and Kutungchieh. Of their own offensive, the Chinese said their forces had surrounded Suitungcheng south east of Hanancheng in the Ka ingsu-Anhwei-Chekiang border region of eastern China Friday morning. | “The enemy attempted to break through the cordon, but was driven back,” the com munique said, and fighting continues. Chinese troops which recap tured Paiten Friday also took Tushuchieh the same day. JAPS SEEM READY FOR NAZI DEFEAT Chilean Correspondent Says Nation Prepared For Long War MORMUGAO. Portuguese India. Oct. 17.—OP'—High Japanese of fiicals appear to expect that Ger many will collapse, but declare the war will continue for five years after that, a Chilean corre spondent for Imparclal of Santia go. returning home on the ex change ship Teia Maru, asserted today. The correspondent said the of ficial Japanese position was that the German collapse would not affdfct the Japanese greatly, be cause Japan was prepared to stand alone. On the other hand, the Japanese feel that German’s fate is greatly affected by Japan’s moves. The correspondent, not a repa triate since his country is not at war with Japan, said so far as he was able to ascertain from out ward appearances the Japanese people still are convinced they will win the war. He said the Japanese had been relatively successful in winning the support of local populations in all parts of their captured ter ritory except the Philippines. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) Walter Lippmann Says: Japan Can HaveNoHope Of Holding Philippines By Walter Lippmaim The Filipino, named Jose °. | Laurel, whom the Japanese have | just set up as President of the | Philippines, can hardly hope io be as notorious as Quisling, Laval and Mussolini For the European traitors did at least go over to the enemies of their coun try at a time when there was a reasonable prospect of making their treason pay; they ratted when Germany had better than an even chance of winning the war. But Japan can have no hope whatever, and nothing is more ab solutely certain in this world than that the American forces will re turn to the Philippines. Mr. Laurel and those who collaborate with him will, therefore, have been singularly stupid if they have not already made their arrangements to escape. The certainty of Japan’s defeat is not, however, fully realized by every one even in this country. Yet the Japanese themselves have proved by their own acts that they have no hope of victory. The proof is in the fact that they have stood still for more than a year without attacking Great Britain, Russia or the United States. Even when Hitler was in Stalingrad, Rommel at the gates of Alexandria, and the U-boats were at the height of their power in the Atlantic, it was still impossible for Japan to take the offensive, even against India, Au stralia, Siberia, Alaska, Hawaii— certainly not against continental United States. They have been able to do nothing for Hitler as he is being driven out of Russia, out of the Mediterranean and off the Atlantic Ocean. Actions speak louder than words, and the Japanese actions prove beyond any reasonable doubt that their war was a gamble on a Nazi victory in Europe, and that they knew that when Hitler failed to win in Europe, they had lost their bet. The real feelings of the Jap anese about the Nazis and of the Nazis about the Japanese must be unprintable. The Japanese war has been from beginning to end a parasite upon the Axis war in Europe. Japan single-handed could never con ceivably have challenged China, the Netherlands, Britain, France, Russia and the United States. It was the defeat of France, the mor tal peril of Britain, the deep Ger man invasion of Russia and the unpreparedness and ambiguity of (Continued on Page Four; Col. 6) 1 i Freedoms Gate Opens For Them j An Italian family, placed in a concentration camp by the Ger- | mans as anti-Fascists, walks from the camp as free citizens of Italy ' after their release by the Allies. Prisoners of other nationalities will remain until their homelands are free of the Nazi yoke. Rommel’s Army Repulsed By Yugoslavs Near Split LONDON, Oct. 17.—(JP)—Gen. Josip (Tito) Broz’ hard-hitting Yugoslav Partisans announced today that they had thrown back Marshal Erwin Rommel’s Nazi forces near the Adriatic port of Split but had been forced to re linquish their hold on Zeniea in the “Balkan Ruhr.” This continuation of the fierce struggles ranging almost the length of Yugoslavia was coupled with new Allied na veil ctGLivit<y lxi 1.11c xiuxxatu, emu . Aegean seas, all emphasizing the Allied menace to Germany's back door. Istanbul dispatches said it was reliably reported that Allied land ings in the Cyclades group of is lands in the western Aegean, first reported on October 7, took place on the island of Anaphe and an other which was not named. The Allied debarkations were said to have taken place on October 1, almost simultaneous with the German counterattack on the Do decanese island of Kos. Mines, smelting furnaces, as sembly shops for engines and the power station of an important Krupp plant at Zenica were de stroyed before Tito’s forces fell back “to their initial bases,” a free Yugoslav radio announce ment said. Yesterday’s communique had described bitter street fighting at Zenica between the Nazis and the Partisans. Reverting to the swift, savage thrusts that made Tito’s bands famous, a Partisan group dogging Nazi forces in northern Italy de railed a German troop train with explosives and then turned hid den artillery onto the wreckage, killing more than 400 of the Ger mans and wounding 200 others, the broadcast communique said. All German efforts to dislodge Yugoslav forces holding the ap proaches to Split, near Sinj and near Trogir, due west of that port city, were repulsed, said the an nouncement. It said that bitter fighting con tinued near Oguilin and Karko /ac, on the Zagreb-Fiume railway near Gospic in southern Croatia, and along the Slovene-Styrian ; oorder in northern Yugoslavia. Off shore in the Adriatic, in- ; creasing British naval activity j sent fleet light craft speeding < close to the coast near Dubrovnik —one potential Balkans landing j (Continued on Page Three; Col. 2) i STRONG FIGHTER FORCE HITS FOE - I Allied Raid On Schwein furt Leaves Big Plant 'Inactive’ LONDON. Oct. 17.—UP)—A strong force of fighter planes .winged agross the English channel in the clear, rain-washed air of ear ly evening tonight and shortly af terward Nazi anti-aircraft fire could be heard from northern France. (Nazi radios at Luxembourg and Berlin went off the air. The Federal Communications Commis sion reported, indicating that bombers might be among the at tackers. Heavy rain had blocked aperations during the day. but the sky cleared later, the British ra tio said.) Describing the results of a new study of damage heaped on the achweinfurt ball and roller bear ing plant by American bombers rhursday, Brig. Gen. Frederick Li. Anderson said today that /'the entire works are now inactive.” ‘‘It may be possible for- the Hermans eventually to restore 25 aer cent of normal productive ca aacity, but even that would re quire some time,” said the com mander of the U. S. Eighth Air Force Bomber Command. ij-en. Anaerson maae me sxaxe nent following a detailed study of reconnaissance photographs which revealed “even more extensive iestruction and damage than was Eirst estimated from ‘strike pic tures’ taken when the target was covered with smoke from fires and bursting bombs.’’ The statement described the plant as “the most vital air tar- . ?et in all Germany.” It said the raid, made at a cost of 60 American bombers during which at least 102 Nazi fighters were shot from the skies, left fires racing “throughout three plant areas, burning out not only fac tories but stores and dispatch buildings as well.” The lull in the heavy Allied air offensive following last week’s peak onslaught appeared to have (Continued on Page Two; Col. 1) WEATHER FORECAST: NORTH CAROLINA: Warmer Monday. Cape Fear River stage at Fay :tteville, Sunday at 8 a. m., 9.15 :eet. -IGHTH ADVANCES German Retreat North 01 River Admitted By High Command . IEAVY FIGHT RAGES lerreto And Amorosi Fall To Smashing Allied War Machine ALLIED HEADQUAR I'ERS, Algiers, Oct. 17.—</P) —Cracking strong German resistance in four days of ex ;remely heavy fighting, Am ericans and British of the Fifth Army have driven the enemy back from nearly all bis positions on the Volturno river line and the British Eighth Army has pushed ahead all along its section of the Italian front, official re ports said today. A German retreat north of the Volturno was admitted by the Nazi high command which said in a broadcast communique that the Allies attacked in the western sec tor of the front “where our outposts had withdrawn.” “The Fifth Army has com pelled the enemy to withdraw from the majority of his Vol turno positions,” said an Al lied communique from the headquarters of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. The bitterest fighting was raging along the Tierno river which winds through rough country southwest from Cer reto and empties into the Volturno five miles above its confluence with the Calore river and four miles north west of Amorosi. Capture of both Cerreto and Amorosi was announced by the Allies yesterday. Left Flank Menaced American units of Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark’s Fifth Army, punching through that locality, jeopardized the left flank of the German line. At the same time, German ef forts to continue holding a few river line positions on the 16-mila sector of the Volturno from Capua to the Tyrrhenian sea were in dan. ger of being pinched out. On the west the Germans were threatened by British troops who, since their landings at the mouth nf the Volturno, have consolidated positions along a canal which ex lends inland one to three or four miles north of the river, and on the east their stand was jeopardiz ?d by the American occupation of ligh ground northeast of Capua irom which guns dominated the owlands of the Volturno valley. (The Vichy radio, quoting Ger man sources in a broadcast re corded in London by the Associ ated Press, said the Allies had anded new reinforcements north pf the Volturno estuary.) The German communique said ihere was “embittered fighting” in the Capua and Campobasso ireas where “temporary dents ef fected by the Anglo-Saxon forces vere sealed off in counterattacks nade at night.” The Eighth Army continued its vestward push all along the north eastern half of the Allied line, with 'fazi rea-guards remaining behind or brisk clashes with Gen. Sir 3ernard L. Montgomery’s advance latrols only when the terrain was iecidedly favorable for defense. The exact depth to which these latrols penetrated westward from Continued on Page Twc; Col. 2) One-Sided War On Japs Seen For Another Year WASHINGTON, Oct. 17—W— The Allied delay in opening a long awaited offensive against enemy held Burma increases daily the prospects that the United Nations may have to fight a one-sided war against Japan for another critical year. This possibility is being men tioned frequently here-as October advances without producing evi dence that an assault on Burma is imm'Kjent. Naval and military men regard Burma as the key to a two-sided war on Japan—a war fought in Asia as well as the Pacific. Through that wild and rugged country pass the only routes over which it is now practical to plan for heavy movement of munition* to China. But Burma cannot be restored to Allied control without a major campaign over an immensely dif ficult terrain held by a strongly entrenched foe. Six or eight months ago almost any qualified informant would risk a prophecy that Burma would be attacked soon after the mon soon season ended—in October. (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5) f.