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iMorning §lar Korth Carolina’* Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-New* At The Murchison Building R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Telephone All Department* DIAL 2-3311 Entered as Second Class Matter at Wilming ton, N. C., Postoffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 187»,_ SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER Payable Weekly Or In Advance Combina Time Star News tion 1 Week . * 23 » -20 $ -40 1 Month . l--° 3 Months . 3-25 2.6 •“ 6 Month. 5.50 5.20 10.40 l Year . 13.00 10.40 20.80 New rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue ol Star-News BY MAIL Payable Strictly In Advance Combina Ti Star New* tion k .. 4.00 3.00 5.50 1 veaf .8 00 6’00 10 00 New rates 'entitle' subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News Card of Thanks charged for at the rata of 25 cents per Une. Count five words to line. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Is entitled to the exclusive use of all news stories appearing in The Wilmington Star MONDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1943. With confidence in our armed forces — with the unbounding de termination of our people—we will gain the inevitable triumph — so help us God. _Roosevelt’* War Message Our Chief Aim To aid in every wav the prosecu tion of the war to complete Vic tory. _ __ THOUGHT FOR TODAY A Sabbath well spent brings a week of con tent, And health for the toils of the morrow; But a Sabbath profaned, what so ’er may be gained( Is a certain forerunner of sorrow. —Quoted by Mrs. Dorothy Millikan. ---V Always Busy Save for occasional Japanese attempts to reestablish their lost power in the southern Solomons, little is heard of Guadalcanal and its trategic air base. Henderson field. But lack of news does not indicate lack of activi ty In one of the later dispatches from the south Pacific reference is made to the “al most unbelievable’’ operations stemming from Henderson field. It is noted that traffic in bombers, fighters, observation and cargo planes there “probably is greater than that handled by any commercial field in the Unit ed States.” This calls for comparisons, with the prelim inary explanation that airport traffic is meas ured in landingst takeoffs and other move ments within the range of the airport control tower. On this basis, the busiest commercial airport under control of the Civil Aeronautics Administration is at Louisville, K.y., where 65,173 operations were recorded during Aug ust, 1943—one for every 41 seconds, day and night. Discounting this traffic along CAA routes Louisville's August military operations are seen to have been approximately 52,000—one every 52 seconds. Therefore, Henderson field must average an operation every 51 seconds or oftener to exceed the military volume of Amer ica’s busiest commercial field. Other very busy United States airports are the ones at St. Louis, with 49,266 August oper ations, or one every 55 seconds; Cleveland with 42,782, or one every 63 seconds; Minneapolis, •with 37,606, or one bvery 71 seconds. New York Washington and Chicago air-ports, leaders in commercial traffic, are well down on the list in terms of control tower operations, being relieved of much wartime traffic by neighbor ing military airfields. Chicago averages an op eration every four minutes, Washington every 4 3-4 minutes, New York every 6 1-4 minutes. With these figures representing a point of beginning for comparative estimates of air op erations in the Pacific theater of war, it is ob vious that Henderson field represents a vital end important victory in the march on Tokyo. -V New Oil Reserve Needed Washington officials continually tell the peo ple of the United States that they must get along with less and less gasoline and fuel oil. For months oil experts have shown official Washington that our known oil reserves are being used up much faster than new reserves are being discovered. This situation exists because official Wash ington, in the face of rising costs of produc tion refuses to grant crude oil price increases sufficient to encourage wildcatting for new oil supplies to replace dwindling re serves. Commenting on the seriousness of the sit uation, the National Petroleum News says: “The need for oil is so critical that there should be a crusading campaign tc discover and produce fresh supplies. The Administra tion is calling upon the people to crusade for rubber to save their fats, to bring in scrap iron to provide blood for transfusions. All these are futile if there isn’t enough oil to carry on the war. A supply barely sufficient for military needs is of no value if essential civilian needs are taken care of, and there is a serious question whether we are not already cutting too far into essential civilian needs. It isn’t a question of how much it costs to pro duce oil, it is a question of how to get a maxi mum number of wildcatters to risk the great est amount of money in even the most fool places in the country to find oil.” And that is horse sense for the regulators to consider. What good are regulators and price-fixers if their policies leave us with nothing to regulate or nothing to buy? --V The Crimea With the Russians victorious in bloody street fighting at Melitopol, it would appear that German forces in the Crimea, estimated at from half to three-fourths million men, have either to force their way through encircling Red Armies or surrender, unless, forsooth, they decide to swim or be annihilated. A terrible retribution for the destruction of Sevastopol is in store for them. The slaughter, rapine and tortures practiced by Nazi troops during the Crimean campaign, when Hitler was driving for Caucusian oil, are to be aveng ed. iliuer iaiieu to me uii ****0*.v have carried him into the middle East and even to India because the Russian armed forces were too strong for him, and now the remaining Axis partner in Europe seems des tined to lose a tremendous fighting force and his grip on all previously invaded territory in southern Russia, including the Ukraine. When the war is over there will be a job ahead in the redevelopment and restoration of the Crimea. It is one of the truly romantic and important regions of all Europe. Big as Vermont, it barely escaped being an island. It dangles from the mainland, a sort of watch fob connected by a narrow isthmus. On the east the Crimea fronts the Sea of Azov, points a pudgy finger toward the Caucasus across the Kerch straits. To the west, 140 miles, is the Black sea coast of Romania. Northern Crimea is a land of plains. To the south, the ground tilts upward 4,500 feet to the peaks of the Yala-dagh edging the southern and eastern coasts. The strip between the mountains and the shore is a ribbon of gar dens, the Riviera of Russia that lured princess and grand dukes when Tsarhood was in flower. Screened by its mountain windbreak, this Crimean Eden with southern exposure, bright sun, warm sea and mud baths, was a hothouse and wine cellar for the pleasure-loving rich. Figs, olives, pomegranates, cherries, apples and pears were shipped from mountain valleys to mainland markets. Crimean wine was pop ular. In the new Russia, Crimean palaces that set the fashion of the political past became convalescent cente*s and rest homes for workers. A central situation in the Black Sea assured commercial importance. It also made certain the role of the Peninsula as a battleground. Scythians conquered the ancient Cimmerians —the first settlers—then Greek colonists mov ed in. Next, Huns and Goths had their day. Venice and Genoa fought for the harbor cit ies. The Crim Tatars came to stay, provided a lasting name for the land. Seventy-five years after Russia won the Crimea from Turkey, she was forced to defend it against the allied might of England, France and Turkey—the Crimean war, 1853 to 1856. Sevastopol, naval base for the Russian Black Sea Fleet, was defended in the present war for 245 days. -V Post-War Shipping While exact figures cannot be obtained—nor could they be used if they were available— there seems to be no doubt that the United States will end this war as the Colossus of the Seven Seas, the greatest maritime power this world ever has seen. Digesting information made public by the OWI, it appears that when the war began our Allies were able to scrape together forty-three million tons of shipping and we had some twelve millions. (In every instance we are using deadweight figures.) In the first twenty-two months of war the British lost a third of their twenty-two mil lion tons, leaving them somewhat under fifteen millions. They have not been able to balance losses with new construction, for the war as a whole. So the British merchant ma rine probably will wind up under twenty mil lion tons—how much undert of course, is for Mr. Hitler to try to find out. We went to war with close to twelve million tons and we have had more than twenty mil lion tons delivered since Pearl Harbor. By New Year’s morning the gross pool of American shipping is expected to approximate forty mil lion tons almost twice as much as Great Brit ain, mistress of the seas, possessed before the war began It goes without saying that we shall not ac tually have forty million tons of shipping on January 1 next. We have lost heavily to the Axis alieady, and shall lose more. But we, alone of the great maritime powers, have nioie caigo ships today than we had before the war, and it is a safe guess that we shall end the war with perhaps twice the shipping Great Britain will have, and infinitely more than any other power. This situation is not outlined in a spirit of boasting. We are proud of the skill, ingenuity and success with which our shipbuilding in Ustly, much of it improvised for the purpose, as beaten the U-boats. \Ye should be even more pleased If circumstances had made it possible for our Allies, the British, to do as well. There is nothing big-hearted in this. We want this war won, and fast, and it could be won faster if our Allies had more ships. _-V Sabotaged Credible rumors come from several sources that the Nazi battleships Scharnhorst and Luet zow have been sabotaged by their own crews in a Norwegian fjord. The personnel, accord ing to one man who claims to have been an eyewitness, was disheartened and rebellious. From other sources come reports that the Nazi sailors fear being forced into a suicide venture against the British fleet. Whether or not these stories are true, there seems little doubt that the Germans, both in the armed forces and at home, realize now that the war is lost. How long they can be held to a hopeless fight, there is no way oi telling. Germany probably will crack before she is climatically beaten in battle. We have the right to hope that the breakup of Nazism will come next year. -V Eastman’s Proposal j - It has remained for Joseph B. Eastman, director of the Office of Defense Transporta tion, to recognize officially that a lot of our manpower shortage is the result of regula tions devised for the specific purpose of mak ing two jobs where one was sufficient. Unless vigorous remedies are undertaken at once, the country is headed for a crisis in railroad manpower, says Mr. Eastman. To forestall such a crisis, he recommends as an important essential the suspension for the du ration in certain circumstances of full crew laws and engine mileage limitations. Mr. Eastman recognizes that the railroads have gone the limit in expanding service under many restrictions, and that the time has come to remove artificial barriers which block the fullest use of available manpower and equip ment in this critical period. -V Inside Washington WASHINGTON—Russia appears doomed tc disappointment if she seeks definite commit ments from the United States and Great Brit ain regarding a second front in France at the meetings in Moscow, now under way, between Secretary of State Cordell Hull, British For eign Minister Anthony Eden and Soviet Foreign Commissar Viacheslav Molotov. Soviet newspapers have already emphasiz ed that one of the primary topics the Russians wish to discuss is the long-sought second front across the English channel. Informed sources in Washington point out that this is probably one thing that Hull and Eden will be unable to discuss beyond general ities and theories. Hull, Eden and their staffs—with a few pos sible exceptions—will be in no position to make definite military commitments to the Soviets. The position of the United States and Great Britaint in fact, is certain to remain the same as it has been for the past year—that a second front is desirable in western France as soon as it will have a reasonable chance of success. But the stand of the Anglo-American allies remains unshakable in that any such opera tion is directly in the hands of the general staff and no sound front will be opened up in western France for political purposes. This position has been set forth by Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt. Hull and Eden are expected to point out to the Russians that the offensive in Italy is draining some divisions from the German re serves in East Prussia and Poland. They further are certain to stress the strage ic advantages of the Mediterranean campaign that knocked Italy out of the war and even tually brought the Badoglio government into the conflict as a United Nations’ co-belliger ent. Tho Vmf ■f'urnmVxlo 4r\ cross-channel operations, there seems little possibility of the Russian-sought French front before spring. Also, America and Britain point out to the Russians the devastating effect of the great air attacks on Hitler’s “roofless” Fortress of Europe. The Seat that might have been occupied by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek or his foreign minister and brother-in-law, T. V. Soong, at the momentous Moscow tripartite conference will be empty. Reason for it is no slight to China. In fact, President Roosevelt, Prime Minis ter Churchill and perhaps even Josef Stalin would like to have China in on the big Allied war pow-wow to complete the Big Four. But it cannot be done now. The inside reason for it is the same reason that Josef Stalin was not invited to the Anglo American Canadian war conference at Que bec. And in the same way this was no sight to Russia to those on the inside. The reason behind both facts is Japan. It is the same reason why the United States can not ask Russia for Siberian air bases at this stage of the war. The Quebec conference laid plans for An glo-American operations against Japan. Mos cow conference will deal with phases of the Anglo-American Russian war against Ger many. Russia is at war only with Germany and does not want a second front major strug gle with Japan while she is trying to polish off the Germans in Eastern Efurope. China, of course, is at war with Japan. So if China were to appeal at the Moscow war talk, it would be a Russian slap in the face to Japan and might be the spayk to touch off a very much unwanted attack by Japan on Russia. -V quotations We must find new jobs, new markets, new outlets for the vital energies of our people. Our postwar planning must take into account other countries, with particular consideration for those which have been overrun by the enemy.—Secretary of Commerce Jesse Jones. * * * No thinking man would be foolish enough to predict when the war will end, but we can be sure the blows struck in 1944 will deter mine the outcome.—Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson. * * * Money talks most when a man marries it. The Russians are not only going to town, but to towns—1320 taken in one day. I SHADRACH, MESACH AND ABEDNEGO? Raymond Clapper Says: Help Should Be Given To Connally Proposal WASHINGTON, — Strengthening changes should be made in the Connally resolution on foreign po licy. As reported out by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee It is a double-talk resolution. Proof of that is simple. The Connally text was approved by senators of such diverse views as Pepper, Green, Vandenberg, Bennett Clark and Nye. Any statement about colla boration upon which Claude Pep per and Gerald Nye agree is too vague to have any practical mean ing as a guide to the Senate’s views on American foreign policy. And if this statement is not to be an intelligible guide to the Se nate’s attitude, then it has no purpose. We are not deceiving anyone by adopting such a vague generous statement as the Connally draft. British newspaper correspondents here know what is going on. They ill not hesitate to arn their read ers that the Connally resolution di luted by the isolationists, means, nothing regarding the future. Is j any foreign dipomat here going to be fooled by it? Our Allies, who are uncertain what the Senate will approve in the way of postwar arranyements. will have not a single one of their doubts removed by' the Connally resolution. Instead of revealing twhere Senators stand, the resolu tion gives them perfect cover. Both extreme internationalists and extreme isolationists are nestled under the umbrella of the Con nally text. It is too cozy. The Connally resolution is bet ter than nothing. So was the Ful bright resolution. So was the Mackinac declaration of the Re publicans. All contribute to the current of public opinion. The more streams however small that lead into that main current, the better. There is danger that those of us who are fundamentally on the same side will fall to quarreling with each other over details. We want no tragic division over de tails among those who believe that American security will be greater through collaboration than by trying to separate from our allies. It is not a question of opposing the Connaly resolution but of try ing to make it more specific. A number of senators, includ ing the Ball group and some mem bers of the Senate Foreign Rela tions Committee itself such as Pep per and Green, are ready to vote for the Connally resection and seek only to make more clear its ostensible meaning. They would urge specifically an international organibation, “with power, including military force” to suppress aggression and pre serve peace. That language would permit i ther an actual international mili tary force such as Senator Ball far^s, or the more commonly favored use of military sanctions but with national armies, navies and air forces remaining as at present. The language there is .. and frankly so. Sentiment in this country and presumably in others, and all thinking inside the government is in the direction of continuing the kind of combined chiefs of staff cooperation that we now have, rather than for an internationalized force. If anyone sincerely believes in what the Connally resolution pro fesses to favor, and approves it without mental reservations, then he can have no logical objection to using more specific words. We can’t fix on details now. It is a matter of voicing hope and good faith now, leaving many ques tions open. The Senate once vote'’ down the League of Nations and twice ig nored the plea of Republican pre sidents to join even the world court. Therefore, we can natural ly expect our allies to wonder whether there really has been a change of view in the Senate about collaboration. But no foreigner will be en lightened by a resolution that means all things to all senators. The Literary Guidepost By JOHN SELBY “THE LITTLE LOCKSMITH,” by Katharine Butler Hathaway (Cowar-McCann; $2.50), Katharine Butler Hathaway’s “The Little Locksmith” is quite likely to become a minor classic in spite of the fact that its appeal is restricted It is not a book for males of any age—on the other hand, more women than men read books. And more women than men are Book-of-the-Month members, and that important organization has chosen the late Mrs. Hatha way’s book. It is one of the very few 1943 choices which has noth ing at all to do with this war. Mrs. Hathaway has put down her inner life from the time when as a small child she felt ill to the moment when her sensitive mind felt the approach of the end. When she was about five years old a tubercular infection caused her to be strapped to a board for ten years; she does not say so di rectly but the operation was ap parently futile, because it was to £fve. Jkeft her from being a hunchback, and it did not. The little locksmith for whom the 300k is named was the man who silently slipped into the Butler house in Salem, Mass., to do min or repairs. He was a hunchback, too. In the beginning, Mrs. Hatha- 1 way made a miniature life for herself, one in which the pleas ure of fondling a toy rabbit, or of making tiny boxes of paper were major satisfactions. Halter ed to a hard board for ten years, she still was not unhappy—actu f,Uy’ *be felt a little contempt for the children who were unable to appreciate the life she had made for herself. When she walked again it was her brother Warren she chose as intimate. And final ly there was Dan Hathaway, who became her husband. The Little Locksmith” is a perfectly frank record of a fear fully sensitive mind passing through an experience which by normal standards should have done her in. It is a plucky book, and a deeply felt book as well. There are no “adventures” out side the writer’s mind, and there ' were many there, all of which , seem preternaturally keen and 1 clear in the writer’s perfect prose, i Daily Prayer FOR DEEPER REVERENCE Tliy works, O Infinite and Eter nal Creator of the Universe, are in the heavens and upon the earth. No word of mortal can encompass Thy greatness: Thy ways are past finding out. Awed as we reverent ly bow before Thy Wght and majesty, we pray that our little ness may give way to a fresh sense of Thy Godhood. We con fess to the sin of arrogance. We have followed the proud devices and desires of our own haughty hearts, and have forgotten to give Thee Thy rightful due. Now, in the midst of this chastening war, we humbly turn to Thee for grace to accord Thee Thy crown rights. We would let Thee be God over all, blessed forever. In lowly sub jection and reverence, we would cry from our hearts, “Thy will be done.’’ Amen.—W. T. E. IV. Y. Political Drama Entering Final Scene NEW YORK, Oct. 24.—UP)—Fi anl act of a political drama that has agitated New York will begin as a repudiated candidate for State Supreme Court justice fights disbarment proceedings against him. The candidate is Thomas A. Au relio. who is expected to testify in his own defense. The proceed ings were ordered by the appellate devision on petition of the Asso ciation of the Bar of the City of New York. Unwanted by the Republican and Democratic parties who nominat ed him, Aurelio still is an eligible candidate for the post. District Attorney Frank S. Hogan charged aim with having been aided in se curing his Democratic nomination by Frank Costello, whom Hogan characterized as “czar of the slot machine rackett.” Hogan further charged that on the morning after the nomination Aurelio pledged “undying loyalty” to Costello. -V-_ SECRET WEAPON LONDON, Oct. 24.—UP) _ The British Army has disclosed the ex istence of a new Allied “secret ■veapon” in anti-aircraft fire, and in the London area at least “any German adventures in the night sky will be very unprofitable.” said Brig. Gen. Basil J. Schon-' ^and, chief of the Army’s scienti fic branch, during a recent inspec Jon by newsmen of London’s vasj; ind intricate anti-aircraft set-up -V CHOLERA EPIDEMIC NEW DELHI, Oct. 24.—CT>)_ Cholera, spreading rapidly through barts of famine-ridden India,, ilaimed 379 lives during Septem ber in the Jessoje district alone lortheast of Calcutta and has kill ed 456 others during the first 10 lays of October, reports reaching lere today disclosed. red crossInTtaly ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Algiers, Oct. 24—OP)—William E. Stevenson, Red Cross dele gate for North Africa, announc ed today more than 100 Ameri can Red Cross workers now are operating in Italy. Six clubs now are serving doughnuts at the front and in rest areas, and one club is op erating in Naples. -V Total supplies of food for ci vilians in 1944 are not likely to ixceed those of 1943 and may even >e somewhat smaller, say econo- : nists with the USDA. > Interpreting The War By ELTOX C. FAV This war has been d, Dy various speakers s-. imes as “the people’s ‘the war for survival." There are millions of the old men, women a who bore no arms—wi have failed to survive Precisely how roam - now nor will it be l-m'/ exactness in the year; war, but a tally of , the word battle zo the shocking total m More than 22,000 . : dead Postwar checks invr v„ . , down wartime estimates combatant casualties they never determine near a precise number It i'. presumed that this wll be of current estimates. Those who have made . for the various war zones- 0." mats, governments in ex , • eign publications _ concedt ' they can be no more tl roughest totals based in ,,n"! instances on reports from under ground channels and refugees Military men say the estimate, are too high. They cite their 0‘ troubles in finally arriving 3t act casualty figures even thoueh they have the advantage of bio" ing the precise number of n :-. * * utc o' S those missing. It is the laitr cM(. gory that complicates casual!,- < ures, usually because of duplica tion in reports. And this, sav the army men. certainly ij even mo-f true in attempts to compute civ ian casualties. The military, however, agrees that the civilian death toll in th;- j conflict is tremendous, for at leaV three reasons: It is - war of movement as dis tinguished from the precedin'? great war of position, in World War I, populations were moved out when the battle area began /orm- ■ ing. Now the war sweeps over them on wheels and wings. This war has reached tar be hind the battle lines. The target for tonight is the great city whn the munitions factories—and its workers and their homes. Most of all, it is the total war which the Axis conceived and tor which the watchword is “extermi nation.” The Russians, the Chinese, the Poles, the peoples of the lew coun tries and the little Balkan coun tries have reasons to know je watchword. Polish sources estimate that 3 200.000 Poles and Polish Jews have died under the Luftwaffe's air bombardments and the Wehr macht’s guns in the br:ef battles in Poland and in the subsequent bloody years of execution, man starvation and slow-death prison camps. The Russian government has at tempted no official computa'. of the total loss in civilian life, explaining that it is a long and difficult task even to comput- the toll in individual areas re-occupied by the advancing Red army. Ru - slan source*, however, have in gested various figures, with the one most often mentioned beiw 15,000,000. Chinese estimate that since tne. conflict with Japan began in scale in 1937 about 3,000.000 rad ians have died directly as a .* : of battle action or execinon. 0 not including a grow:' , those who succumbed to jairvu.-j and disease because nf eneTr!' seized their food producing U'111-'1 and turned an estimate 50.<P W from their homes. The low countries have sut.e: ed heavily. Dutch sources estin.^e the civilian toll in their country as high as 50,000. with 30,000 o£ that total slaughtered Nazis bombed Rotterdam. French sources in this think it possible that enemy a preceding the fall of France » 1940 resulted in a toil of : They point out, however, that wm ever the toll it has risen that time both because of ur man executions and Allied t -■ bombardment of munitions r ’ ■ and Nazi military installations ^ Yugoslav diplomatic circi Washington estimate the dean their country 1,000.000, the gre< part of them Serbs. Starvation, especially winter of 1942, has taken near toll in Greece. Greek of!.'.a this country believe the-, than half a' million of the e' trymen have died since As mies marched in. For a time ng the w-inter, 2.000 pens "c each day from privation in a try plundered of its food. ^ Of all the belligerents. < Britain is the only one in ; ion to offer an exact fi.?i ts civilian—49.860 dead up summer. They died in the alitz of London, in Cove n the many small cities :owns blasted by the I ’. ■ he days when air war was Ling made only by Gern. Now, for the first time ■ :uries, war has come to the ^ )f the German warmaker nr Seich is adding its toll to t! f combatant dead. The to. n 'rows by day and night, in d n Hamburg, in Bremen. -V EARTH SHOCK M'" ' , BOMBAY, India, Oct. 24 ••• ;arth shock of great intens • ■ ,ts epicenter about 1.290 nvie> J , I ;ant, possibly along the bo; -<-'i J,' I lorthern India, was recorded y before midnight at Colabs iervatory. -V Alaska's coast line is - niles, longer than the equs' ielf.