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FARMER IN UNION
COUNTY SELECTED Agent Broom, 77, Named Man Of Year In Agri culture Service COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, Dee. 26.—'T. J. W. Broom, 77-year old county agent and practical farmer of Union county, has been named “Man of the Year In Serv ice to Agriculture” for North Carolina in 1943 by the Progressive Farmer magazine, Dr. I. O. Schaub, director of the State Col lege Extension Service, announ 3d here yesterday. “Tom Broom is an ‘institution in Union county and he typifies the best in Extension work. He has made an excellent record over the years with iespedeza for hay, pas turage, and soil improvement and with barley as a “winter corn crop.’ In his long tenure of of fice, he has witnessed a marvelous development of livestock reduc tion and general farming in his section. “Two or three times he has re signed to entei other work but in each case the farmers of Union aounty have demanded his re turn. His work has meant much to the agricultural progress of North Carolina, ar.d the Exten sion Service deeply appreciates the fact that one of it," most beloved members has been so signally hon ored”, Schaub said. GRANGE YOUTH MEET LEXINGTON, Dec. 26—W1—The annual convention of the North Carolina Grange Youth opened here today with registration and a worship service. Business sessions will be held tomorrow with appointments of committees reports irom county youth un:ts, and reports from na tional and state officers on the program. Officers wJl be elected in the afternoon. Dr. P. F Lindiey, dean of High Point college, will speak tomor row morning on “p. oblems and op portunities of the church and school.” Officers will be installed at the final session Tuesday morning, and Mrs Harry R Caldwell, of Greensboro, national grange ju venile director, will speak on “Youth Tn The Post War World” and conduct a funeral. O. J. Howell. Jr., 01 Goldsboro is president of the Grange Youth. -V A 5 per cent increase in the number of criminal cases filed in federal court in the past year was attributed largely to prosecutions of draft violators. . : ■ • ■ t ' Dawn Of Disaster For Japs I With ever-increasing frequency, scenes like this are being enacted In the southwest Pacific as Al lied forces step up the pace of their drive against Jap-held islands. Taken through the porthole of a Coast Guard-manned combat transport during a dawn invasion of a Jap stronghold, it shows landing craft circling the transport, their coxswains awaiting orders to come alongside, pick up troops and speed them to the invasion shore. (U. S. Coast Guard Photo from NEA) Rural Families Have Helped War Effort Greatly During The Past Year Rural families of New Hanover county have realized the need of added service during these war days of necessity and stress and have heeded the call, it was shown by the annual report of the home demonstration clubs and 4-H clubs of New Hanover coun ty for their year of 1943 cover ing Dec. 1, 1942-Dec. 1, 1943, as reported by Miss Ann Mason, home demonstration agent. “Our rural women and 4-H mem bers,” said Miss Mason, “have taken part in all defense activi ties such as bond drives, Red Cross drives, nutritional programs, scrap drives, maintained victory gardens, studied and broadcast to their neighbors valuable informa tion on nutrition in war times, first aid classes, knitted and sew ed for the Red Cross, and done their part as defense workers— acting as airplane spotters, filter center assistants, and control center volunteers.” The fourteen home uemonstra tion clubs are located at Castle Hayne, Murraysville, Wrightsboro, Gordon Road, Middle Sound, Win ter Park, East Wilmington, Au dubon, Bradley’s Creek, South Wil mington, Masonboro, Myrtle Grove, Carolina Beach, and Kure's Beach and have an enrollment of 421 members with 98 project lead ers and 32 women neighborhood leaders. The one senior 4-H club is lo cated at Myrtle Grove but about 66 senior members are enrolled many being high school students who work independently. The sev en junior 4-H clubs are located at Wrightsboro, Gorden Road, Win ter Park, Bradley’s Creek, Ma sonboro, and two at Myrtle Grove. There is one club for older youths composed of 15 members locat ed in the Castle Hayne communi ty. The Kure’s Beach and Gorden Road have been organized with in the past year. Castle Hayne, Myrtle Grove, Wrightsboro, and Marraysville have clubhouses while the other clubs meet in club members’ homes. The county council, composed of all home demonstration club officers, con sists of 42 members and have sponsored all club activities. — I The clubs took in $1,219.11 dur ing the year from serving sup pers, programs, and selling var ious articles. This money was spent for steam pressure cook er, sick and bereaved, gifts for service men, equipping First Aid rooms, and Jane S. McKimmon Loan Fund. The stamp and bond campaign was launched in each club with a plan whereby each club will buy $5-$10 in stamps from the local treasurer and each member will buy a stamp each month making the turnover $75-$85 each month or a total of $960 a year for the home demonstration clubs. $40, 700.00 of bonds were bought by families during the year which was not recorded by any other organization. tv t _ * J j:_ TT_ u. iiuuiouii ed a colored group of 25 Negroes which was later taken over by a Negro home demonstration agent. One of the outstanding programs of the year was the nutrition pro gram whereby balanced diets, meatless meals, and other popu lar food outlines were given. In cooperation with other agencies considerable work was carried on. Miss Mason spoke on food habits to 35 Scout Leaders and also to a group of service wives. 400 service men were served refresh, ments by the East Wilmington club during the week of Christmas of last year, and the Wrightsboro club served the monthly suppers of the Farmers Club. A five-min ute radio talk was given each Fri day by Miss Mason bringing var ious vital messages to housewives. Miss Maon worked on the Nutri tion Committee to promote the nu trition center, chools lunches, and the local Civilian Defense Nutri tion Council. Increased and improved food production played a large part in this past year’s program. 723 fami lies improved methods and in creased their home supply of vege tables, 216 produced more fruit, 523 grew more meat, and 523 pro duced more poultry and eggs for home use. 362 women have year round gardens and 33 homes have added cows to their livestock while 392 women have increased their poultry flocks. 723 families in the county received direct instruc tions in food conservation and 66, 480 containers were filled. Under the home furnishings and home management topic many homes and furnishings were refinished and built. Also under the clotning program information was given for the conservation and remod eling of clothing and many mem bers made their own clothing. 15 Kure's Beach women meet each week to sew and mend for serv ice men. In addition to the vast amount of work and projects car ried on throughout the year a large number of parties, picnics, and other social functions have been carried on. Four Red Cross First Aid cen ters were equipped by club wo men and 172 women assisted in Red Cross activities. 137 women served in Civilian Service Corps. 8,745 pounds of scrap iron and rubber were collected, 274 pounds of fat, and 877 pounds of other scrap. 575 USO bags were filled while 35 women are serving full time defense jobs. \T OUT 1 f r\lr* ^ A/1 eration of clubs are Mrs. M. S. Emmart, president; Mrs. F. A. Jordan, vice president: Mrs. Hen ry J. Ottoway, secretary; and Mrs. I. T. Dexter, treasurer. The new plan for 1944 will have the home agent as the head with 90 women neighborhood leaders trained to reach the 900 women who are expected to be enrolled before the close of the year. Un der the system Miss Mason will instruct these leaders who in turn will bring the topics to their mem bers. The goals for 1944 include the tentative organization of clubs in Oakley. Purviance Creek, Sunset Park and Carolina Loop Road communities. Other goals are foods and nutrition, gardening, clothing, home management, house furnishings and beautification, marketing and Civilian Defense. Eight 4-H clubs held Achieve ment Day programs when articles made and records were exhibited. The 4-H County Council compos ed of 22 officers of the different clubs meets each month to dis cuss the program of work and carry it to their own clubs. These PATRIOTIC BIRDS THBSB. Birds Trt&R. pa&t Shown above are three owsiunu^js v,Cveiopea by the p try Department of the Agrricultural Expe ment Station at state Col lege. The first bird, on the left, is-a K»o“e island Red, hatched AnrM 17* 1942. On October 12 of the same yes£ ® »““et ,al<i its first egg and in a year’s time had produced a total of 333 eggs, r. s d*|** styne, head of the poultry department, says, ne bronze turkey hen in the center laid 167 eggs to 4# yergs ne’r w nsual record of turkeys in the state runs about eggs per bird the first yelr of lay, Dearstyne says.Thi01*194* and laid its firft°I" hen *0/338. It was hatched on March 21. 19* • u laid 33 "st egg 0n Septem ber 12 of that year. In its first year, eggs, and itg B^CQQd year, *67 eggs. CROP BETTERMENT GROUP WILL MEET Association Will Confer In Raleigh January 10 And 11 COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh, Dec 26— Directors of the North Carolina Crop Improvement As sociation, representing more than 100 farmers growing certified seed ;n the State, will meet here with Experiment Station and Extension agronomists at State College on January 10 and 11 for a “Seed Im provement Conference,” Dr. G. K. Middleton, professor of agronomy, announced here yesterday. The conference will begin at 2 p. m. on January 10 in the State College Y. M. C. A. building. Cotton seed standardization and areeding work with hybrid corn and small grains will-be the chief leatures of the program. R. V. Knight of Tarboro is pres dent of the association and P. D. Serndon of Kings Mountain is vice aresident. The organization works n sixty counties and is interested in special cotton variety tests in Cleveland, Hoke, and Edgecomb aounties. They also sponsor hybrid aorn and small grain tests in these counties and in Buncombe, Guilford and Jones counties. Seed aertification with other crops is al so carried out. Other directors of the associa ;ion, who are expected to attend :he conference, are J. B. Speight af Winterville, B. B. Everett of Palmyra, W. L. Lyerly of Wood ief, W. A. Short of Greensboro, L. H. McKay of Hendersonville, John Calhoun of Newland, Fred N. tJolvard of Jefferson, and George C,. Pate of Rowland. -V \atchtte Cove Woman Is Doing Her Part In Raising Food For Army COLLEGE STATION, Raleigh. Dec. 26.—“Mrs. Frank L. Leopard of the Ratcliffe Cove section of Haywood County has done her part in providing the boys in the South Pacific and those in the snow-capped mountains of Italy with food for Christmas,” says County Agent Howard R. Clapp of the State College Extension Serv ice. With the older boy in the Navy and her husband in a war plant. Mrs. Leopard, with the aid of the younger children, is milking 12 cows and managing a 63 - acre farm. The cows produced 52.512 pounds of milk during the first ten months of the year. Her farm is a unit test demon stration farm under the supervi sion of the Extension Service and the Tennessee Valley Authority. It practices wide diversification. In the “Food For Freedom” fight. Mrs. Leopard marketed 1.250 pounds of veal calves. 1.280 pounds of pork, 12 feeder pigs, and 25 dozen eggs. She sold 65 bushels of Irish po tatoes, 213 quarts of raspberries. 344 quarts of strawberries, 1.900 pounds of turnip greens and spin ach, and 17 bushels of turnips. She also marketed 5,966 pounds of green beans. She raised sweet potato plants as a cash crop and sold 63,400 plants. Not content with carrying on the work on the farm, Mrs. Leopard became a neighborhood leader and carried the message of food and feed production goals to her neigh bors. She sold War Bonds, solicited gifts to the United War Fund, aid ed in the salvage drives, and head ed all the war-time campaigns in the Ratcliffe Cove section, the farm agent reported. One of her children was in 4-H work and she assisted the boys and girls with their food projects. “The Leopard family typifies the American way of life,” Clapp said. -v— CELLAR-GROWN OYSTERS Clams and aysters were culti vated in cellars during the win ter by Dutch settlers of early New York. They planted the sea food in beds of sea sand mixed with Indian meal in autumn, and the crop was wateied twice a week with river water, whicn kept it fat and edible. clubs also conducted fat, tin, pa ger. and hosiery drives. One coun ty fair was sponsored during the year. Three 4-H members were awarded pins for service in the Aircraft Warning System. 155 girls enrolled in clothing projects while 79 enrolled in the foods and nutri tion program. 267 members took part in the Home Safety program, 15 in personal accounts project, 135 in garden projects, 55 in food conservation, 63 in home manage ment, 50 in home furnishings, and 15 in wildlife conservation pro gram. The following local contests were held: 4-H records and notebooks, l-H sewing kit, dress contest, ve doll, and apron contest. The following county contests were held: wildlife, homemaking, nutri tion, health, canning, leadership, clothing, and poultry. 35 members attended the 4-H camp at White Lake. “A greater part .of the success of the 1943 program of work was iue to the wonderful response of club leaders,” concluded Miss Ma son. “It was through their coop eration that many outside activi ties were carr%^ through. We are all looking forward to a greater program of work for 1944.” ’ -V One tablespoonful of kitchen fat will make five machine gun bill ets. Held in Draft Fraud MRS. CARMELA S. TOPAZIO, 26, a Yonker, N. Y, draft board clerk, has been arraigned in Federal Court, accused by the FBI of keep ing her husband, Joseph J. Topaz io out of the Army for a year by destroying his draft papers. She pleaded not guilty. (International) GERMAN U-BOATS return™ GULF No Sinkings Had Been Re ported There Since April By Navy (By The Associated Press) Loss of an unidentified United States merchantman, which the N'avy last week said had been tor pedoed early in December, mark ed the return of Axis underseas raiders to the Gulf of Mexico where since last April no sinkings had been announced. The latest U-Boat victim was the 699th Allied or neutral cargo ship, and the 280th of American registry, officially reported lost in war action in the western Atlan tic since Pearl Harbor. Another phase of the battle oi the Atlantic recently fiared up in the Caribbean where, after several months of inactivity by U-Boats, six sinkings were announced with in a period of one month. -V 141 Bales Of Hay Are Cut From One Acre Of Alfalfa COLLEGE STATION. Raleigh, Dec. 26.—M. J. Fagg of Walnul Cove in Stokes County cut 141 bales of hay from one acre of alfalfa this year and it is valued at about S280. reports County Agent E. S. Stokes to the State College Exten sion Service here. “This return from alfalfa al most matches that from an acre of tobacco and it did not require nearly so much work as tobacco does,’’ says Stokes. He recom mends that farmers plant more alfalfa this spring because tests have shown that it is one of the best protein feeds for cows, work stock. hogs, poultry, and othei livestock. State College agronomists advise that alfalfa can be planted in the lower and upper Piedmont sec tions between March 1 and 25, al though fall seeding is preferred. In the mountains, the crop may be sown during April, but here again fall seeding is preferred. In the Coastal Plain area, the spring seeding of the crop is not recom mended, since tests have shown that the best date is between Sep tember 1 and 15. -V The oldest printed book in the world is the Diamond Sutra, a Chinese book, printed or paper from woodHocks and bearing the date 868 A.D. ▼▼ ho would have thought You can’t foresee what may b« the cause of serious damage to your car. Let us tell you what a North America Comprehensiv* Policy will cost you, with « without Collision. It pro tects against practically any cause of damage to | ^ your own car. Phone us L__ now, without obligation. PROGRESS MADE IN COTTON WORK Ginners Are Cooperating Wholeheartedly With The Growers COLLEGE STATION. Raleigh. Dec. 26.—Tremendous strides are being made in cotton improvement work in all sections of North Caro lina, Dan F. Holler, cotton mar keting specialist at State College, reported here today. Anson, Bladen, Cleveland, Edge combe, Gaston, Harnett, Hoke, Johnston, Montgomery, Nash, Rutherford and Union counties have submitted more samples for tlassification than ever befor listory. t “In these and many other ties, growers and ginners * working together to aevel0D t ' tively large supplies o£ cot-on -J' of a chosen variety, best Jei the section, so that all cooper- ’ growers may profit.” Hoik, ^ Not only are farmers prodn^ cotton of a better staple^’ are also obtaining a more lmifn/ staple which is of prime ance to cotton manufacturer ■ n variety cotton improvenv is putting extra dollars' Ti' pockets of growers who e / operating in this program ' C° ihe classification card . - bale of cotton also carries the W value of the cotton ard h n proving of great value in helnb! growers to market the crop P‘ag --V--- ' America’s first transcontmenm railway was built in P !’n,a| spanning the 50-mile isthry 3’ THE CAROLINA IS AN | ARMY Or SAVERS AND BORROWERS practically all of whom are buying War Bonds as fast as i they can. Purchase your home through the Carolina for contentment — Buy War Bonds for Victory. Three The / Million Dollar Carolina Building and Loan Ass n “Member Federal Rome Loan Bank” C. M. Bntler, W. A. Fonrielle, W. D ionea Pre*- Stc.-Treaa. Asat. Sec.-Treai. Borer Moore, V.-Prei. J. o. Carr, AUt JEWELRY AND GIFTS OF DISTINCTION % >*< BUY WAR BONDS AND STAMPS ic $ Start At The Root! Cold seep in through your roof, chilling the whole house? Heat seep out of those same cracks? Keep cold out—heat in, with in sulation easily and quickly applied. Only please get your order in at once—so we can do the job in Jan uary. There’s a long wait ing list, these days of man power and materials short age. TERMS IF DESIRED [ *u*wm t1 loUttStltl \ HANOVER IRON W'OHKS ( 111 NORTH WATER ST. r’! ' S I . Once-a-Year Event! I DOROTHY GRAf Special Dry-Skin j Mixture j 42 25 SIZE TUSCIOUS-RICH night cream foe yjffi .L flaky-dry skin. Dorothy Gray .0 O Special Dry Skin Mixture helps soften ■ ptuttox away rough spots, tiny lines due to ir> ness. Coaxes skin to look youthfully ^ $4.00 SIZE smoother and more pliant in spite o 3 OO chapping weather, drying indoor beat. Jj| ■■ plus tax Order yours today!