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s§ tlmuutfon Unntttw #iar I “■ —---^_ L0L- 76-NI‘-301 - WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5. 1944 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED IgiT* Prohibition Controversy Opens Again HEARINGS ON BILL SET Niiords Called Same As Those Uttered Quarter A Century Ago WASHINGTON. Jan. 4.—(#1—The argument over wartime prohibi tion started all over again in the Capitol today and except for re ferences to what happened before, the words might have been a re cording of what was said a quar tet century ago. The principal argument was Monday morning hangovers in war plants VS. insistence on per sonal liberties—including service men’s claims to a voice in the decision whether they have beer. Rep. Hobbs (D.-Ala.) touched off the controversy by announcing that a House judiciary sub-com mittee of which he is chairman wil hold hearings next week on a bill to outlaw all traffic in beverages containing more than o:ie-half of one per cent alcohol by volume. Introduced last March 4 by Rep. Bryson .-SC.) the legislation! would impose prohibition for the' duration of the war and until after demobilization of the armed forc es. Its announced purpose is to curb absenteeism and promote war production, presumably through reduction of Monday morning hangovers among war workers. Hobbs said proponents would be heard first but did not name wit nesses. Dr. George "w. Crabbe. general superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League of America, said he had not arranged for the committee meeting and-did not plan to testi fy unless called. Rep. Wickersham D.-Okla.). a prohibitionist, joined in opposition to the Bryson proposal because of its plan to dry up the country by statute. "If we are to have prohibition, j we should do it by amendment to, the Constitution,” Wickersham: said. ‘I doubt if Congress has the authority.” Rep. Ploeser (R.-Mo.). a non-1 drinker but not a prohibitionist, ! asserted Congress w'ould be "tak ing unfair advantage of the men in service if it voted prohibition while they are away fighting.” ‘You can't enforce morals.” j Ploeser added. “Our last experi-1 ence with prohibition was one of the worst things that have ever happened to this country.” Bryson was not expected in Washington until late this week, but several of his colleagues in the fight for prohibition said Con gressional sentiment against lia ■ uor had increased sharply in re cent months, due largely to moro than a thousand petitions on the Bryson bill. The petitions have been sent to (he judiciary committee from all over the country and bear hun dreds of thousands of signatures. William McDermott, chief bill clerk of the house, estimated that (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) LOCAL INUUtNZA EPIDEMICPASSES The epidemic of mild influenza that has affected an estimated 10, 000 residents of the city is on the decline, according to the observa tions of officials of the New Han over Medical Society, Tuesday. It is believed that the peak of the current wave of illness was leached late last week. H. M. Roland, superintendent of schools, reported that approxi mately 30 per cent of the normal school enrollment was absent Mon day. the opening day. (Schools closed Wednesday afternoon, De cember 15 because of the snow.) However, Mr. Roland attributed the majority of the absences to the inclement weather, as attendance shot sharply upward on Tuesday. The Medical society spokesman predicted that with bright weather fewer and fewer cases would be reported. Cooperation of citizens with local health authorities—in the matter of going to bed at the first signs of sickness, and in the matter of refraining from calling doctors un necessarily—was soundly applaud ed. Local hospitals were said not to he overtaxed with flu and pneu monia patients. -V WEATHER FORECAST WORTH CAROLINA: Partly cloudy and n,il4 Wednesday. Partly cloudy and slightly warmer Wednesday night. •Thursday increasing cloudiness and mild ejwept cloudy and cooler with occasion ai light rains in the mountains. tape Fear River stage at Fayette 'ille, 23.10 feet. (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) Hitler Is Living OnBorrowedTime WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.—(IP) — Adolf Hitler is living on borrowed time and the loan may soon be foreclosed by his own people. This is the belief of many persons who know Germany well. They have little doubt that Hitler’s fate is early death; their only division of opinion is about how death will come to him. On this there are two schools of thought. One, supported by Emil Ludwig, noted German historian and biographer, is that German generals will shortly decide to do away with the man who proclaimed on New Year’s Day that there can be no victor in World War If. Foreign Minister Jan Masar yk of Czechoslovakia sub scribes to the second school. He believes Hitler may take » his own life rather than face the disillusioned people whom he led to disaster with his glit tering promises. LAW-MAKERS BACK A ‘HIGH OFFICIAL’ Congressmen Say State ment Strikes Aid Axis Is True WASHINGTON, Jan. 4— UR — Three members of Congress tonight defended as essentially*l|-ue the statement attributed to Gen. Geo. C. Marshall, Army Chief of Staff, that strike threats had given Ger many a propaganda weapon with which it may have delayed revolts in Europe. One also suggested that any un ion leaders who doubt that labor troubles have had an effect on the war effort should be taken to the battlefronts to hear how the sol diers feel about the subject. The new outburst of comment j about the now-famous New Year’s! Eve statement by an unnamed of ficial kept at a high pitch the tu-j mult that has raged ever since it j was made public. The latest com-j ments served in the nature of a: reply to AFL President William Green who namec. Marshall as the! source«of the statement in a sharp- j ly-wordea criticism yesterday. Chairman May ID.-Ky.) of the; House Military Committee told re-i porters today that he didn't know whether Marshall made the state ment or not but "regardless of who it was," he agreed that the rail and steel strike threats gave "hope and encouragement to Hit ler and his satellite nations.” May said neither President j Roosevelt nor Gen. Marshall ever has been ‘‘critical of labor" and to labor leaders who regarded the statement as offensive, he suggest ed: “First—Have no more strikes or threatened strikes while we are at war. "Second—It anyone doubts that strikes and the taking over of the _: t UrwJ 4 Vi ^ To of nn fHo war effort claimed by such a high official, then to suggest that those complaining apply to General Marshall and I am. sure he will be deligl-Jed to furnish transpor tation to the battle fronts for first hand information and verification of the result of strikes on our own fighting forces.” Senator Reed (R.-Kas.) defended Gen. Marshall as a “model of can dor and directness,” he said the statement was kept anonymohs be cause of Marshall’s loyalty to his superior officer, the President. “If the President had the intel lectual integrity, the courage and the candor of Gen. Marshall,” said Reed in . statement, “he long ago would have said what Marshall has said. Strikes !n essential in dustry in time of war are a form of treason and should be so regard ed and treated.” From Rep. Plumiey (R. - Vt.) came the declaration that the peo ple don’t care -who made the state ment because “they know it is so. -V CON SI L RESIGNS BERN, SWITZERLAND, Jan. 4 _(.?)—Jacques Giraudet, French consul general at Geneva, resign-' ed from the Vichy government to day, following the example of other French career diplomats in Switzerland. 10,000 Men, An Airborne Division Are Ready For Sandhills Maneuvers CAMP MAC.KALL, Jan. 4. Some 10,000 men comprising an airborne division were posted to day for the second large scale maneuvers of the combined air borne and troop carrier commands within a month which will get un der way in this sandhills area of North Carolina tomorrow. High ranking official United Na tions observers are on hand to watch the exercises of these new types of fighting units which have been given actual combat tests in the Mediterranean and South Paci fic theaters, but on a somewhat smaller scale than called for in the maneuvers. The battle exercises last month were the first in which a com plete division of airborne troops have been moved, along with their equipment, to their objectives by air. The maneuvers, which will end next Sunday, call for vertical en velopment of key airports held by the Red forces. Combat teams, highly trained and fully equiped for extended field duty, will be dropped by parachutes and glid ers to seize and hold the airfields until relieved by an infantry di vision driving its way through “enemy” territory. e A troop carrier command wing operating with the Blue forces will deliver the airborne troops to their objectives in transport aircraft and gliders. Once the troops have (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) > Ceiling Prices For Coal Set By OPA Here BITUMINOUS ONLY - , Flat Dollars And Cr Cost Announced By Price Office Establishment of flat dollars and cents top legal prices for bitumin ous coal sold in Wilmington and within 20 miles of the city’s corporate limits became effective Tuesday according to an announce ment received here from Theodore S. Johnson district director of OPA, Raleigh. The effect of the order will be to eliminate • differences in ceil ing prices of the same grade of coal which may exist from dealer to dealer and to afford the con sumer an understanding of top legal prices, Johnson said. Prices were established by the Atlanta regional OPA office after consultation of November 19 with retail coal dealers in Wilmington and vicinity who sell more than 50 percent of the total tonnage of coal in this area. The order, John son said, is also expected to make possible a simple and practical compliance with OPA price regu lations. The new basic prices follow: Low volatile bituminous coals from District 7—Egg, stove or lump, $12.30 per 2,000-pound ton; $6.41 per one-half ton of 1,000 pounds; $3.33 per one-quarter ton of 500 pounds. Stoker. $9.30 per 2.000- pound ton; $4.91 per one-half ton of 1,000 pounds; $3.57 per one quarter ton of 500 pounds. Run-of mine, $9.70 per 2,000-pound ton; S5.ll per one-half ton of 1.000 pounds; $2.68 per one-quarter ton of 500 pounds. High volatile bituminous coals from District 8—Egg or lump, $11.10 per 2.000 pound ton; $5.80 per one-half ton of 1.000 pounds; $3.03 per one-quarter ton of 500 pounds. Splint, egg. lump or stove, $10.35 per 2,000-pound ton; $5.43 per one-half ton of 1.000 pounds: $2.84 per one-quarter ton of 500 pounds. Stoker, $9.45 per 2.000- opund ton; $4.98 per one-half ton of 1,000 pounds: $2.61 per one quarter ton of 500 pounds. Nut and slack, $8.25 per 2.000-pound ton; $4.38 per one-half ton of 1, 000 pounds; S2.31 per one-quarter ton of 500 pounds. Low volatile bituminous coals from District 8—Raven red ash (Continued on Page Three: Col. 6) NAVY IDENTIFIES LOST DESTROYERS WASHINGTON. Jan. 4—OP!—The Navy tonight identified the de troyer sunk by an explosion oft Sandy Hook as the 1,700-ton U. S. S. Turner, and said another de stroyer, torpedoed in the North Atlantic was the 1,090-ton Leary. Loss of the ships was announc _ .1 1 J.1 TVT n«*1 Kll i- ; + withheld their names. The Turn er, commissioned only last April, blew up in New York harbor with such violence that her men and guns were hurled into the sea. Little detail was given on the loss of the 34-year-old Leary ex cept that she sank in the North Atlantic after she was torpedoed Christmas Eve. Commanding officers of both vessels are listed as missing. They are Commander James E. Kyes, 37, 11621 16th Ave., South, Seat tle, of the Leary, and commander Henry S. Wygant, Jr., 37, 26th and Lincoln St. Camp Hill. Pa., of the Turner. Coast Guard cutters rescued 152 enlisted men and two officers, the Navy said, after the terrific blast split the Turner in two. Most of the rescued had injjuries. No figures were given by the Navy of the number of casualties in the loss of the two vessels, each of which carried more than 160 men. ALLIED BOMBERS BLACKEN THE SKIES IN FRENCH INVASION COAST ATTACK; ////ANCING REDS OPERA TE IN POUND Af a _ g Stamp Two 4? *6 For Sausage U. P. A. officials have an nounced that effective January 2nd' and continuing through January 16th, consumers may use spare stamp two in War Ration Book 4 for the purchase of all types of sausage, and fresh and frozer pork items. Spare stamp two in Book 4, which is valid for five points, may not he used for the pue chase of cured, smoked or can ned pork' or for canned or bot tled sausage. Retailers, wholesalers and primary distributors may use the stamp in the same manner in which they use the five point brown stamp. _\T_ SOLONS LAMBAST PENDING TAX BILL Senators Say Bill Would Make New Crop Of War Millionaires WASHINGTON. Jan. 4— OB — Citing 200 examples of allegedly excessive corporative profits after taxes, four of the 21 members of the Senate Finance Committee to day signed a minority report lam basting pending legislation which, one of the Senators said, would make “a new crop of war mil lionaires.” The legislation in question con sists of amendments to the war contracts renegotiation act which hive been approved by a majority of the Finance committee. The four minority signers are Senators Walsh fD.-Mass.'. Connolly CD. Tex.'. Ha Foliette (Prog.-Wis.', and Lucas (D.-Ili.'. Walsh asserted that the amend ments written into the pending $2. 275.600.000 tax bill, would strike down the existing p r o t e c t ion against war profiteering, “allow ing and :n some cases compelling large groups ot war contractors to make outrageous profits.” ‘I'm, „ -4 .. t provided an effective means of limiting war profteering.” the Senator said, “under it, war con tractors have been allowed liberal profits on their war business, but inordinate profits have been elimi nated. Through its operation, sol diers and the public have been given a measure of assurance that no group would make exorbitant profits during the war from juni tions and war supplies.” Walsh said the minority report would list 200 specific examples of excessive profits after taxes. He did not name any of the firms in his statement, but commented: “Forty of these companies who have had war contracts with the government show over 100 per cent earned by the companies listed is 965 per cent and there are several companies who have earned in ex cess of 500 per cent. “Incidentally, these cases have been solely selected from among cases which are in process of re negotiation by the War Depart ment. NEVEL DRIVE OPENS 4.000 More Germans Kill ed and 65 Tanks Are Destroyed LONDON. Wednesday, Jan. 5.— UP!—Tire Russians smashed a weak German counter-attack near the pre-war Polish border, killed 4,000 more Germans and destroyed 65 of their tanks yesterday, while to the southeast another force cap tured the stubbornly - defended strongpoint and railway station of Belaya Tserkov and 40 other Uk rainian towns. The Russians, who have killed 9.000 Geimans in the border area in two days, were reported by Moscow to have advance guards already operating across the for mer frontier. The Moscow midnight-communi que, recorded by the Soviet moni tor from a broadcast, told of a German infantry counter - attack with two battalions—perhaps 1,500 men. This force “succeeded in breaking through to the position of Soviet iroops,” it said, but “our units encircled the enemy forma tions and wiped out the Hitlerites. Over 400 prisoners were taken.” The Red army troops also de stroyed 22 big German guns, 180 trucks and captu ect seven tanks and 47 guns in the area. Another 1,10C Germans were kill ed in the White Russian battle front around Nevel, where a re surgent Soviet drive to the north captured 100 populated places and cleared the 40-miie Nevel-Velikie Luki rail line of Germans. Plesh kovo, 20 miles northeast of Nevel and the rail station of Izocha, 10 miles north of Nevel. were cap tured in the push. With the fall of the German for tress of Belaya Tserkov—announc ed in a special order of the day by Premier Marshal Joseph Stalin —more than a half million Ger mans in the Dnieper bend faced the fate of the German army of Stalingrad unless Field Marshal Gen. Fritz von Mannstein orders a mass retreat. For in addition to wresting back Belaya Tserkov in a four-day strug gle the Russians also advanced to (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) SENIORS OFFERED NAVY ^DEFERMENT’ High school seniors of eastern North Carolina who desire to en list in the Navy and finish high school may do so under a new program announced Tuesday by Jesse Helms, petty officer in charge of the Wilmington Navy Re cruiting Station. This program is designed exclu sively for 17-year-olds, and was in augurated to aid thousands of 17 year-ola high school seniors to get their diplomas before they enter the service. “In a large number of cases,” Helms said, “high school seniors reached their 18th birthdays, and were inducted without privilege of graduating. The Na7y realizes that most of these boys prefer to post pone their enlistment until after (Continued on Page Three; Col. 5) Today and Tomorrow] - By WALTER LIPPMANN uviicviiig m uic ucniuuatu; ciple that the best way to clarify an issue is to debate it, I should like to discuss an article by my old friend, Mr, William Hard, which appears ir. 'The Reader’s Digest” for December under the title “American Internationalism.” It is a curious article in that Mr. Hard is vehemently and eloquently against a policy which no serious person, so far as I know, has ad vocated, and he is m. favor of the policy to which the United States and its allies are ir. fact commit ted by the Moscow agreements. If ever there was a fierce as sault on a straw man, it is this article of Mr. Hard’s The only ex planation that makes any.sense to me is that Mr. Hard wrote the ar ticle and sent it to the printer be fore he saw the Moscow agree ments. What is Mr. Hard against? He is against giving “eternal Ameri can sanction and protection to eve ry existing boundary of the British and Russian empires.” Has any one made such a preposterous pro posal? If so who? Has Britain or Russia asked us for any such “eternal American sanction and protection?” If so, when? If Mr. Hard had seen the Moscow agree ments before he wrote his article, he would have known that the only commitment of force which Mr. Hull made was that the four pow eis wuiuu idue an measures deemed by them to be necessary to provide against any violation of the terms imposed upon the ene my.” Though it may not seem ob vious at first glance, this commit ment to prevent a revival of Ger man and Japanese military pow er and aggression is sufficient to prevent great wars in this genera, tion. No sensible person would ever think of making “eternal” commitments about anything in politics. Is Mr. Hard against this com mitment? He is not. He says de finitely that he is in favor of “an agreement to keep Germany and Japan disarmed for a time.” He is, therefore, in favor of the actual policy of the United States gov ernment and of its allies. His ela borate objections are directed against a policy which no one is following. • * * But in elaborating his objections to the policy which no responsible person favors, Mr. Hard makes several statements which peed to be looked at. He says, for exam ple, that “a basic truth in all in ternational history is that every alliance produces a counter-alli ance.” Suppose we examine the in ternational history of the past twenty-five years to see how much truth there is in this dictum. (Continued on Page Three; Col. 4) "I .- 1 Invasion Chief Takes Last Look Stepping from a plane somewhere in Italy, Gen. Dwight D. Eisen hower. commander of the forces expected to invade Europe from the west, extends his hand in greeting to British Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery. (International) TITO IS EXPECTED TO TAKE KEY CITY Fall Of Banja Luka Is Ex pected Hourly, Parti sans Say LONDON, Jan. 4.-Fall of Banja Luka, headquarters of the German Second Tank Army in Yu goslavitPla, in a strong blow at the heart of the whole Nazi defense system on the Adriatic coast was expected momentarily tonight as partisan warriors of Marshal Jo sip Broz (Tito) reported fresh suc cesses in the battle for the town. Tito’s broadcast communique de clared his troops had captured both the city ball and prison and driven the Germans into the northwest district of Banja Luka. Bitter street fighting still is in progress, the bulletin added, and the Germans threw in tanks and guns in unsuccessful attempts to stop the attack, launched New Year’s Eve. “Our guns are successfully coun teracting the enemy tanks and the last enemy nests of resistance are being systematically smoked out,” the communique said, with Yugo slav gur.s also denying the Banja Luka airfield to the Germans. It declared more than 240 Ger mans were killed in the fight for n_ . j_ _:_ _3 4 -- 1_H luv; njmi pnuuu >* ** The Yugoslavs intercepted a tele gram from tht5 German garrison urgently asking for help, the com munique continued. A Yugoslav government state ment in Cairo said officers of the Royal Yugoslav Army stationed in the Middle East had begun join ing Tito t(j make a common front against the Germans, with 17 of ficers already signed up. An Italian “pocket division” — composed mainly of the old Ve nezia division reg’-ouped and re named the Garibaldi division—was said to have joined the battle in Yugoslavia, fighting its way inland from the Adriatic. A Cairo broadcast added that Greek guerrillas had fought a bloody action with 7,000 Nazi troops in the Expirus region of Greece, killing 600 while suffering only slight losses themselves. (Allied officers, presumably American and Eritish, are leading mahy of Tito'p divisions, said a Budapest dispatch to Stockholm, and it is rumored in Belgrade that the Allies soon may invade the Dalmation coast.) HEARING SET RALEIGH, Jan. 4. — (IP)— Hear ing on application of the Carolina Stages to operate between Brow Hill and Morris Field at Charlotte will be held here January 20, Chief Clerk R. O. Self, of the State Utilities Commission said to day. TURIN RAILROAD YARDS HAMMERED German Transport Bottle neck In Northern Italy Is Hit ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al giers, Jan. 4.—i.T>>—German sup ply traffic through the big rail way bottleneck at Turin in north ern Italy was disrupted and a ball and roller bearing works at near by Villar Pescora shattered by a heavy and accurate onslaught of U. S. Flying Fortresses yester day, photographs showed today. A hundred direct hits were scor ed in the heart of the Turin yards by the raid, blocking at least tem porarily all through lines from France and Milan that converge at Turin to form the principal west coast route down to Genoa and Rome. Simultaneously, two other waves of Fortresses struck in clear, cold weather at the bearing works at Villar Perosa. nestled in the Chi sone River valley 23 miles south west of Turin, and turned it into a shambles. The huge main build ing of thr plant, which produces eight per cent of the Nazis’ bear ings, was blasted by direct hits and near misses, probably knock ing the factory out of the war for a long period. Twice before American bombers Villar Pprnsa vvnrks i but each time heavy clouds im paired the results. Yesterday it was pinpointed. While the weather favored heavy bomber activity for the first time in nearly a week, the opposing land armies in Italy remained stalled in heavy snow in th , moun tains and bogged to the axles in mud near both coasts. American patrols that probed Nazi defenses around the destroy-, ed village of San Vittore on the main inland highway to Rome stirred up a violent reaction be fore withdrawing, as did similar patrols at other points on the Fifth Army front. A Radio France broadcast re ported that Fifth Armj troops car ried out one raid across the Ca ' gliano river near the western coast that penetrated a mile and a half into German positions, but there, was no official confirmation. Field dispatches said Canadian forces on the Adriatic coast expe rienced their quietest day since the battle of the Moto river began nearly a month ago. The Cana dians had yet made no serious at tempt to dislodge the Nazis from “Point 59,” a strongly fortified hill about three miles out of Orto na on the coastal highway to Pescara. Patrols spent yesterday feeling out the enemy positio Red Squeeze Underlines Stalin’s Prediction ’44WilUle ‘V’ Year . By KIRKE L SIMPSON Associated Press War Analyst A three-way Soviet squeeze that threatens to entrap vast German forces lends emphasi? to Marsha] Stalin’s declaration that “1944 will be a year of victory for the United Nations.” The iron man of Russia made that statement at Cairo, obviously basing it on the expectation of de stroying a substantia! portion of the Nazi armies in retreat and that’s just what may be shaping up now in the frozen land of the Dnieper. Principal attention has been paid to the Russian break-through to the Polish border. But, south of that striking development in the upper corner of the Kiev bulge, Russian troops are forging what appears to be a triple entrapment pattern. They aie following the oldest military axiom divide and conquer, in a determined effort to surround or destroy virtually a third of all German forces still in Russia. Success must inevitably shorten the war in Europe. There have beer, many indica tions that with the German lines split in the north, the weight of the Russian attack would turn southward to mop up. That im pression was heightened by Mos cow announcement of the capture of Belaya Tserkov on the extreme left flank of the Kiev bulge. Its fall represented Nazi flight from (Continued on Page TwoCol. 6) * GERMANY ALSO IS HIT More Than 2,750 Planes Used In Great Shut tle Raids LONDON, Jan. 4.— UP) —Amrt-i. can heavy bombers in titanic strength lashed northwest Ger many today, with Kiel as the re ported main target,- while Ameri can and British medium bombers maintained a dawn-to-dusk shuttle service of explosives on the Pas De Calais area and the French invasion coast. Together with the fighter es corts the two great missions em ployed probably the greatest num ber of war planes ever in action in one day—more than 2,750 dropping more than 3,000 tons of bombs on the enemy. A total of 18 bombers and two fighters failed to return. All the bombing was in daylight. There were about 1.500 planes in the assault on northwest Ger many, including Flying Fortress es, Liberators and American and British fighters. They stretched across more than 100 miles of sky, darkening the heavens, and one flier said their methodical deposits of bombs on the target reminded him of a re lay of dump trucks. jljvsuixvsxx aiuJuuutciuciHa U1U XiUL identify the exact locations, but both Swedish and German report* named Kiel, big naval base and submarine and shipyard center. DNB, German news agency, said the attack was made through hea vy cumulus clouds from altitudes of 20,00 to 27,000 feet and admit ted ’great numbers of incendiar ies and phosphorous bombs were dropped and caused great dam age.” Meanwhile, the medium bomb ers and fighters raided the French coast all day, with the Pas De Calais Department as the only dis trict named. Two hundred Ameri can Marauders started the pro cession at dawn, followed regular ly by British Typhoons and Hurri canes and then by Bostons, Mit chells and Mosquitos. The Marau ders then made a second trip. It (Continued on Page Two; Col. S) BULGARIA SHAKEN BY SOVIET DRIVE LONDON, Jan. 4.— UP)—1The Red army advance into old Poland shook the Bulgarian government of Premier Dobri Bojilov today, while new peace cries were sound ed by the Hungarians, and the Poles described the Russian thrust as the “most serious political and moral crisis of the whole war.’ The Polish cabinet met today, and announced afterwards that the government’s attitude on the situ ation “will be made public in the near future.” There was no confirmation in of ficial London circles of reports of a pro-Allied coup d'etat overthrow ing the Bulgarian government, and the Germans branded the story as false. The much-bombed capital, Sofia, still remained cut off from the rest of the world. A Berlin broad cast said planes flew over Sofia today, but dropped no bombs. Important changes in policy have been anticipated from Bulgaria, (Continued on Page Two; Col. I) Local Filter Center Will Present Awards To Volunteer Workers A total of 80 awards will be presented Wednesday at 3 p.m. at the filter center tc volunteer work ers of the Wilmington information and filter center by Lieut. Col. Oscar C Tigner, commander of the Wilmington Ai Defense region. The awards, presented by t h e Army Air Forces aircraft warning service, are made in recognition of the voluntary work done by Wil mington citizens at the filter center since Pearl Harboi. The award is a gold emblem, reading “for merit,” and listing the number of hours served by the volunteer. One 3,000 hour award, one 2500, twelve 2,000, nine teen 1500, twenty 1000, fifty 500, and seventeen 350 hour awards will be made. Honorary merit awards are also being given to Mayor Bruce B. Cameron; City Manager A. C. Nichols; Addison Hewlett chair man of Board of County Commis sioners; Sheriff C. David Jones; Louis J. Poisson, ft. H. Hubbard, R. A. Duniea, M’Kean Maffitt, Harry. Fales, Postmaster Wilbur R. Dosher, John E. Hope, R. B. Page, and Sidney J. Rivenbark.