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ASSOCIATED PRESS NEWS AND FEATURES With Complete Coverage Of State And National News VOL. 76. — NO. 302__WILMINGTON, N- C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1944_FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867 Rail Demands Are Given To Special Board held union victory FDR Resubmits Claims To An Emergency Body In Washington By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WASHINGTON, Jan. 5.—Non-op erating railroad employes appar ently won a new point today in their campaign for more pay, as President Roosevelt resubmitted their claims to an emergency board in language that seemed to limit the issi e to that of overtime. The unions had contended that only this issue should be open to QlfjCUoaxvii, mcj nau uamcu at x c opening a wage increase previous ly recommended for them. The White House announced that the case of the 1.100,000 clerks, shopmen and others who do not actually run trains, had been sent back to the board for consideration of “payments for or in lieu of overtime.” The statement at another point mentioned ‘unsettled claims for wage adjustments of the non-oper ating employes which were not presented” at the time the board made a previous report recom mending sliding scale increases in regular time pay ranging from 4 to 10 cents an hour. Spokesmen of tne unions said that language seemed to limit the board to consideration of overtime pay claims, but they said the ac tual Presidential order resubmit ting the case was less specific. The order recited the history of the negotiations, in which the 15 unions at first refused the regular time increase, then accepted it at the time a year-end strike was called off, and at the same time presented the new claim for over time compensation. It mentioned that the carriers and the non-op erating employes had not been able to agree “with respect to such additional claims.” and at another point said the special panel was recalled to consider “the unsettled claims for wage adjustments.” - The question in the minds of worker spokesmen w a s whether that language went as far as the White House statement in limiting the issue. In calling off their strike, the unions offered to submit the over time issue—and only that issue— to arbitration by President Roose velt. The railroads, however, though they had accepted the regu (Continued on Page Three; Col. 3) T T FILTER CENTER’S WORKERS HONORED Lieut. Col. Oscar C. Tigner, com mander of Wilmington Air De fense region, presented merit awards to 120 volunteer workers and 12 awards for meritorius ser vice at a ceremony held at the information and filter center at 3 p.m. Wednesday. The awards, presented by the Army Air Forces aircraft warning service, were made in recognition c! the work done by volunteers at the filter center since Pearl Harbor. The aw'ards for meritor cus service were given to per sons who have cooperated with the center. The award is a gold emblem, reading “for merit,” and listing the number of hours served by the volunteer. One 3,000 hour award, one 2,500 hour, twelve 2, 000. nineteen 1,500, twenty 1,000, f fty 500, and seventeen 350 hour awards were given. Honorary merit awards were also liven to Mayor Bruce B. Camer vn: City Manager A. C. Nichols; Addison Hewlett, Sr., chairman of hoard of county commissioners; Sheriff c. David Jones, Louis J Poisson, R. H. Hubbard, R. A. Bunlea, M’Kean Maffitt, Harry lalese. Postmaster Wilbur R. Bosher, John E. Hope, R. B. Page, and Sidney J. Rivenbark. Camp Mackall’s Army Maneuvers Postponed Because Of Weather CAMP MACKALL, Jan. 5—UP!— ■o 24-hour postponement of the start of the second five-day man ors of the combined airborne ar‘d troop carrier commands with ’n a month was ordered today because of weather conditions. The large-scale exercises were set to have begun tonight with a demonstration of the Army’s strik ,‘S Pmver from the air and were P have continued until Sunday, averse weaither. however, led j.e maneuver officials to order be postponement. v1 was recalled that in the simi r exercises early in December, similar postponement was neces also because of bad weath er. Invasion Council Meet Site Picked LONDON, Jan. 5. —W— An inoonspicious building whose entrance is guarded for the moment by a lone American sentry has become Allied in vasion headquarters in London. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower is not expected for a few days although members of his staff already are at work in the new quarters. The names of American and British officers are going up on , doors of the building, but so far only one emblem—the Shield of the United States— has appeared along with the names. LOCALTAXILAWS RAPPED BY JUDGE Loftin Says City Ordinance May Not Be Legal In County A possibility that city ordinances setting tne fares which Wilmington taxi cab drivers may charge be yond the city limits is illegal was voiced in Recorder’s Court Wednes day morning by S. E. Loftin, sub stituting for Judge Winfield Smith. Following testimony by a wit ness that a cab driver had al legedly •’harged him 25 cents too much for a trip Tuesday night into the bench, said he thought it was high time thi:> bureaucratic form of government be stopped, and legislative bodies stop making jaws regiiruing mings over wnjcii| they have no control. Judge Winfield Smith, for whom the deputy judge was substituting, however, he has consistently up held the City’s ordinance on taxi rates. What happened in Record er’s court Wednesday morning was contrary to his policy, accord ing to court records. Judge Loftin stated last night that the complainent told the court that he was an American-born German, “and this didn't go so well with me from the beginning. I was prejudiced from the start,” Loftin said. Loftin further stated that in view of the evidence pre sented in court Wednesday morn- | ing, the constitfution was beig trumpeted on by a lot of agencies, • and bureaucrats were making a lot of laws that they had no busi- ■ ness doing. “This is legislation without re- ■ presentation,” he said, referring to the city’s ordnance in rela tion to county taxi rates. Judge Loftin was referring to the city ordinance which sets taxi fare within the city limits at 50 cents regardless of the distance. The following is taken from City . Ordinances, Chapter IX. Article II, j Rates (as applying tc motor ve hicles and other taxicabs operated for hire.) “$.50 for a trip anywhere within the limits of the City of Wilming- ] ton except that section of Lake ; Forest south of Greenfield Street and east of the Housing Authority office. “$.75 for a trip to Lake Forest south of Greenfield Street and east of the Housing Authority office. “$.75 to any poin outside of the Citv Limits atid to a point not I more than 2 1-2 miles. “$1.00 to any point outside of the City Limits and to a point not more than 3 1-2 miles.” The following provision for pen alty for violation is made in the same section of the Ordinances: “Any person who shall violate any provision of this article shall be subject to a penalty of twenty five ($25.' for each and every such violation, and every day such of fense occurs shall be deemed a separate violation and offense.” Police dpemrtent officials back ed the complainant in the case, telling the complainant in private, after a warrant had been sworn, that it was illegal for a driver to overcharge a passenger. Unofficial quarte. here said that the present law was. in effect, the same as North Carolina passing a law prohibiting speeding in South Carolina. It was further said that many other cities in the state probably had similar ordinances. Thus far, no ruling has been ob tained by Wilmington or other cit ies regarding the legality of the law from the attorney general or a tribuna’ higher than Recorder’s court here. Martin Calls For Seriteo LISTS F _ &D Outlines ‘Mu. gislation For Second jession ‘ Of Congress WASHINGTON, Jan.5 — (IP) — House Republican Leader Martin today called for Federal legisla tion to facilitate voting by service men and women—an issue which will confront the second session of the 78th Congress convening Monday. The Senate, before the holiday recess, voted to toss the soldier voting problem to the States. “The States will do all they can,” Martin said, 'but there is need tor some assistance from the Fed eral Government.” Returning to Washington from his Massachusetts home, Martin said in an interview that “the peo ple back home are tax conscious, and they are growing irritated at the bureaucrats not cutting ex penses.” He outlined what he considered as “must” legislation for the new Congress, as follows: 1. Soldier vote legislation. 2. “Muster-out” pay for service men and women. ‘I hope legisla tion to this end will be first on the agenda.” 3. Tax laws must be simplified. 4. Congress must dispose of the food subsidy legislation now pend ing before the Senate, after the House voted to ban subsidies), and the new tax bill (passed by the House and now pending in the Sen ate.) 5. Law’s to govern postwar avi ;tion. 6. Legislation to cope adequately vith postwar problems. “This Congress,” said Martin, he former chairman of the Re mblican National Committee, ‘cannot shrink from formulating he necessary plans so that if leace comes w’e will not be caught ^prepared.” Turning to discussion of taxes, le said the people are willing to lay taxes, ‘but are not willing to lay for hobbies and unnecessary ixperiments.” and are complain ng loudly about complicated tax aws. “The Republicans can be depend ;d upon to give every possible as istance to the simplification of the ax laws.” he said. “It’s about ime we had a thorough overhaul ng of these statutes.” Another Republican. Rep. Bend :r of Ohio, came out today for egislation faciliating absentee bal oting procedures for service men md women. “Our soldiers are not going to le able to vote unless the Con gress provides them with a sim ile. Uniform federal ballot.” he _ U.S.S. Pompano, Sub, Fires Last Torpedo WASHINGTON, Jan. 5— UP) — ,he submarine Pompano, which waved the home waters of Japan tself, sinking two warships and nuch merchant shipping, has fired ler last torpedo. Tlie Navy announced today loss if the 1,330-ton raider without say ng where she went down. It most ikely was in the Pacific where :he six-year-old submarine was a ;onstant thorn to the Japanese. Listed as missing was the skip per, Commander Willis M. Thom as, of Vallejo, Calif., holder oi :he Navy Cross and the Silver star for his daring exploits. The citation accompanying award of the Navy Cross told if the Pompano carrying out “an aggressive and successful subma rine war patrol in the immediate vicinity of einfmy Japanese coast line.” The citation added that the sub marine on that particular patrol sank one Japanese destroyer, a 900-ton Japanese patrol vessel and 6.900 tons of enemy merchant ship ping. _ Russian Armies Are Threatening Entire Area lVest Of Kiev Bulge By KIRKE L. SIMPSON Associated Press War Analyst Impending fall of the Eerdichev anchor posi on the critical south west face of the balooning Kiev bulge is virtually admitted by Ber lin’s disclosure that half the town already is in Russian hands. With its surrender and imminent Rus sian capture of Shepetovka junc tion, 60 miles to the northwest, the whole inter-locking road and .rail network west of Kiev to the old Polish border will be avail able to the Russians to implement the next and crucial phase of the great battle. A shift in thi force and direction of the main Russian attack is ap parent, in suiP->rt of the conclu sion that the full weight of Red army offensive power in the bulge in now being turned northward in an effort to destroy utterly the German forces all the way to the Black Sea. A virtual lull in the effort to expand the northwestern sector of the great bulge now that the Po lish border has been reached is indicated. While the exact line on which the Russians propose to stand temporarily is not yet clear, there seems no reason to expect more than holding action on that front at this stage of the battle. Deeper penetration of Poland west of Levsk and Novograd Vo (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) » KEY RAIL JUNCTION OF BERDICHEV IS CAPTURED BY RUSSIAN ARMIES; 95 NAZI PLANES BA GGED ON RAID GREAT 800 MILE FRONT Many Objectives On Con tinent Are Blasted By RAF, U. S LONDON, Thursday, Jan. 6. —(/P) — U. S. heavy bombers and escort ing fighters blasted 95 German planes out of the sky yesterday as they ranged across a record 800 mile front to strike the Kiel ship yards, airfields at Bordeaux and Tours in France, and industrial targets in western Germany. Duesseldorf was reported by a Berlin radio broadcast to have been among the bombers' objectives. It was the biggest day for U. S. army air force gunners since the Dec 11 raid on Emden, when 138 Nazi fighters were bagged. The wide-spread operation cost the at tacking force 25 heavy bombers and 12 escorting fighters. To reach their targets the bomb ers knifed through a strong de fense which included rocket planes and ME-llOs towing what appeared to be new-type anti-air craft bombs. Gunners on the. Fiying Fortress es and Liberators accounted for 62 of the Ge man planes downed while Thunderbolt and Lightning pilots got 33 in the far-ranging operation which in scope became one of the great daylight assaults! of the war. Claiming that German losses during the day’s aerial battle's were “remarkably light,” the Ger man News Agency DNB in a broad cast dispatch said ‘more than 50 at least tour-fifths were four-en gined bombers, were destroyed— 23 of them over France.” The blow ai the Kiel shipyards was the tbird in three weeks. Never before in a major opera- ' tion has the U S. Eighth Air Force been ’able to execute so many diversionary thrusts. The airline distance from Kiel, a Ger man Sea port, to Eordeaux, in southeastern France, is 800 miles. There was no immediate an-: nouncement on the number of air craft lost or the enemy planes de stroyed. It was the second attack in two days on Kiel. That city’s ship yards, and railway targets at Muenster. also in northwest Ger many were struck by U. S. heavy bombers Tuesday ir. one of the greatest daylight aerial assaults ever visited or. Hitler’s European fortress. Counting American and British tighter escorts the fleet in that attack consisted of some 1,500 planes. Between the two Kiel stacs, RAF Mosquito bomb ers hit smoldering Berlin in a night aUack. British and Allied planes pounded largets in north ern France and along the French “Invasion coast” today. The Vichy radio left the air to night,, indicating that the aerial battering might be continuing. The British-based U. S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators were es corted by American fighters on all their missions today except the foray at Bordeaux, which involved a round-trip flight of almost 1.000 miles. In the Bordeaux operation they were given withdraway sup port by American and RAF’ fight ers. Crews returning form Kiel said the target wssj leached in clear weather. Despite the unusually desperate resistance of Nazi fight ers they said their bombs crunch ed down exactly in the area out lined on the oi'iefing boards, build ing large fires in a city which (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) j MARINES TAKE LEAD IN PACIFIC By the Associated Press Tank-led Marines have taken the offensive against harassing Jap anese forces on New Britain while opposing air forces stepped up their attacks on each other’s mid Pacific bases in the Marshall and Gilbert islands. Another Japanese cruiser was hit at Kavieng, New Ireland, Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported today, two days after he had announced the probable sinking of two enemy cruisers and a destroyer at the same point on the supply route between the Japanese bastions ot Truk and Rabaul. Dutch and Aus tralian fliers sank two cargo ships in the Dutch East Indies. In the mid-Pacific battle for air fields, American bombers made three more raids on enemy air dromes in the southern Marshall islands, Admiral Chester W. Nim itz said at Pearl Harbor. The Japanese countered with four at tacks on United States bases in the Gilbert islands. Death Trap Set For Nazis In 1944 r r-~~-— - ■ __i vjKcAT m**. BRITAIN Irussia X’lwiv!*: ^Rumania! mmm ^ugosCaviav • *%: ***■<■ f BULGARIAXjggg^j ^iiilllliP urkeyI Gen. Eisenhower said it: “We’ll win in 1944.” And as the New Year begins, a determined world eries “On to Berlin!” From every direction men will march and planes wall fly. Smashing from the East will be the Russian juggernaut, while other A hied armies push through the Balkans and across the Channel. Other forces will drive from Corsica through Italy and across Poland and Yugoslavia. ‘MARCH OF DIMES’ CAMPAIGN IS SET Drive Will Open In New Hanover County On Jan. 15 The March of Dimes will get under way in Wilmington and New Hanover County January 15, it was announced at a meeting of the committee in the Y.M.C.A., Tues day night, at which time the Rev. James B. McQuere was elected chairman of the 1944 campaign here. J. D. Carr was elected vice chairman and Harry Dosher, man of public relations. Plans are being considered for the campaign and it is expected that they will be completed within the near fu ture. This year’s drive will not be conducted under a plan of general solicitation as in previous cam paigns here. The annual tag day will be observed on January 29, as the president’s birthday comes on Sunday of this year. Coin boxes will be placed in approximately 100 stores and business establish ments throughout the city. One large box will be on hand in the lobby of the postoffice. Harry Dosher, who was chair man of last year’s campaign, stat ed that the drive in 1943 netted only 3.999 per capita. This figure was based on the 1940 census. Dosher said that if the total col lection had been based on the in flux of the county’s population, it would probably have been less than one cent per pernon. "And that is pretty low.’’ he said, ‘as some counties in the state showed a to tal of more than 15 cents per cap ita." R. A. Dunlea, owner of Station WMFD. has allowed the campaign committee five minutes each day, beginning January 24 and continu ing through the 29th, at which ;ime a prominent citizen will speak on behalf of the campaign. It is hoped that the drive will net at least a total of ten cents per capita, truly signifying the March of Dimes in New Hanover county. -_V LUMBER MEET CHARLOTTE. Jan. 5.—(£>)— The Carolina Lumber and Building Supply Association will have an "on to victory” war conference nere January i2-13. E. M. Garner, executive secretary, announced to day. Nazis Build Italian Line; Leese Is 8th Army Head ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. 5—(£>)— German engineers are rushing to completion an Italian “Siegfried line” several miles deep and as powerful as sim ilar Nazi fortifications in western Europe, German prison ers reported today as headquarters disclosed that Lt. Gen. unver J_,eese, a tanK expert, had taken over command of the British Eighth army in its drive up Italy’s Adriatic coast. Intent m keeping the Allies from Rome as long as possible, the Na zis were said to be installing their formidable new defense system on ly a few miles from the present battle line, with its strongest fea tures located m the neighborhood of Cassino opposite the Fifth Ar my and inland from Pescara, Adri atic seaport which Canadian forc es are nearing. The desperate nature of German resistance in Italy in recent weeks possibly was dictated by the neces sity of holding until the new line could be completed Dr. Fritz Todt, German engineering genius who constructed similar “walls” in the west, was killed nearly a year ago in a plane accident, but the organization he built up is be lieved still functioning. In addition to forging the new line, the Nazis were reported forming reserves of mobile de fense units back of the fighting line and to nc leiniorcing their troops at the front with crack mountain regiments. An Allied of ficer said the enemy appeared to be preparing for a long war of attrition up the Italian leg. Canadian troops celebrated an nouncement o£ the appointment of Lt. Gen. Leese as the new com mander of the Eighth by storming and capturing “Point 59,” a strongly-defended hill about three miles from Ortona and overlook ing the coastal highway to Pes cara. The advance, first of im portance for the Canadians since a snow and wind storm hit the Adriatic sector Iasi week end, was made after a heavy artillery and mortar barrage had churned the height. The new commander of Britain’s best known army is o 49-year-old six-footer who commanded a corps of the Eighth Army through the North African and S'cilian cam paigns, and is second in populari ty in that organization only to Gen. Sir Bernard L Montgomery, whom he succeeds. Montgomery ...m J V D*. +W 4-v. n r. in the invasion of western Europe. Leese, tall and straight with gray, thinning hair and good-hu (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) WEATHER FORECAST NORTH CAROLINA: Partly cloudy and cooler Thursday, clearing in afternoon, colder Thursday nigh? with temperatures slightly below freezing in west and cen tral portion. Friday fair and continued rather cool. TIDES FOR TODAY High Low Wilmington - 6:38a 1:10a 6:53p 1:46p Masonboro Inlet- 4:43a 10:57a 5 :03p 11:04p Moore’s Inlet- 4:48a 11:02a 5 :08p 11:09p New Topsail Inlet _ 4:53a 11:07a 5 :13p 11:14p (All times Eastern Standard) Cape Fear River stage at Fayette ville, 28.95 feet. i (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) t. POLES ARE TOLD TO AID RUSSIANS LONDON, Jan. 5. —(/P|— The Polish government in London call ed on its underground in Poland today to give the right of way to the advancing Russain armies and to continue resistance to the Ger mans, but an order to cooperate with the Russian military comman ders was withheld pending resump tion of Polish-Soviet diplomatic relations. In a declaration handed to all the United Nations with which it has diplomatic relations, the gov ernment moved to avert any clash of Poles with the Red army pour ing across the pre-war Rusian Polish border, but it claimed the right to rule the country as soon as it is liberated. “The conduct of the Polish na tion in the course of the present war has proved that it has never recognized and will not recognize solutions imposed by force,” the statement said. “The Polish government expects that the Soviet Union, sharing its view as to the importance of fu ture friendly relations between the two countries in the interests of peace and with the view of pre venting German revenge, will not fail to respect the rights and in terests of the Polish republic and its citizens. “Acting in that belief, the Polish government instructed the under ground authorities in Poland to continue and to intensify their re sistance to the German invaders, to avoid all conflicts with the Soviet armies entering Poland in their battle against the Germans, and to enter into cooperation with the Soviet commanders in event of the resumption of Polish-Soviet re lations. “If a Polish-Soviet agreement such as the Polish government has declared itself willing to con clude had preceded the crossing (Continued on Page Three; Col. 7) Tentative Program For Recreation Training Institute Is Approved A tentative program for the Recreation Training Institute to be conducted ' from January 10th through 14th, and being sponsored by the Municipal Recreation De partment in cooperation with Recreation Division, Community War Services, FSA and Federal Public Housing Authority and lo cal organizations, has been ap proved by City Manager A. C Nichols and Jesse Reynolds, di rector of the recreation depart ment. Miss Helen Dauncy of the Na tional Recreation Association wil be in charge of 'he Institute. Ses sions will be held Monday, Thurs day and Friday 01 next week a the Sorosis Clubroom from 10 a.m, to noon, and on Tuesday and Thursday at the Woodrow Wilson A separate Training Institute for Negroes will be held on the same dates at Robeii Taylor Homes. In discussing the program, Mr. Reynolds pointed out that the In stitute will be primarily informal. No special invitation to attend is necessary, and the meetings will be open to all those who are inter ested in learning more about rec reation. There will be ample op portunity, said Mr. Reynolds, for those attending the Institute to ask questions. The meetings are designed par ticularly to help leaners of groups (Continued on Page Two; Col. 3) FORMER GERMAN BASE Stalin Announces Victory In Special Order Of The Day MOSCOW, Thursday, Jan. 6.—If) The Red army was reported to day to have taken the German Sluch river line. The Sluch river presents a north-south line in that portion of its 30-mile course between Polon noe and Novograd Volynski. The river is east of both of these towns and the Russians already have announced the capture of No vograd Volynski, across the river.) A dispatch to the Moscow News said the troops which took this line had penetrated deep into the Polesian province (of pre-war Po land,1 in the direction of Sarny, 35 miles inside the former frontier. The Moscow News reported the front had rolled more than 90 miles west of Radomysl, starting point of the Red offensive. (A 90-mile advance due west from Radomysl would put the Rus sians across the pre-war Polish border at Korzec.) LONDON. Jan. 5.—(J>i—The Rus sian First Ukrainian army today captured the railway junction of 1 ok- _ :_1 1_1_, , , -- ' * uutivauv IU 111C German line protecting Poland and Rumania, after five days’ fighting, Premier Marshal Joseph Stalin an nounced in a special order of the day tonight. Berdichev, 25 miles south of Zhitomir, is the former headquar ters of German Field Marshal Gen. Fritz von Mannstein. Its capture increased the communication links between the Russian westward drive into pre - war Poland and southwestward drive toward the Rumanian frontier. Stalin’s announcement came aft er a delay of more than an hour in the broadcast of the regular Moscow communique — indicating that capture was completed only a short time before the announce ment was made public. The Germans, earlier, had ad mitted evacuating the eastern por tion of the manufacturing town which had a pre-war population of 51.000. It is on the trunk east west railway from Kowel in Po land to Kazatin and connects with the Kiev-Vinnitsa railway 45 miles north of Vinnitsa. The capture gave the Russians use of the lateral railway from Zhitomir to Kazatin in the south, where an important Russian force was pounding toward Rumania in hopes of cutting off the Germans (Continued on Page Two; Col, 2) TIGHTERSCHOOL LAWS ARE ASKED RALEIGH, Jan. 5— MB—Stating that an average Oi 130 000 students are absent from Nor'b Carolina’s public schools daily the lay com mittee of the North Carolina Edu cation Association (N’CEA) today urged "more adequate compulsory attendance laws. ’ The group met with Governor Broughton, Honorary committee chairman, in Hi" otfice here. The committeemen, headed by Horace fcisk of Fayetteville, NCEA president said that some absentee ism, of course was caused by ill ness, but that ‘the majority” stayed away because "there are no adequate laws to force them to attend ” A study by counties and on a statewide basis to determine post war building needs also was urged. The committee saL that no build ing had been done during the last three years, because of the war, and that expansion of buildings and other facilities—both because of increased populations and loss (Continutd on Page Three; Col. 3) China’s Armies Ready For General Offensive In 1944, Official Says CHUNGKING, Jan. 5—'^—Chi na’s armies standy ready, even with available equipment, to spring a general counter-offensive this year, but such a campaign would be contingent upon Allied acti vities in other war theaters, min ister of Information Liang nan chao said today. He declared that increased air power in China would be especial ly helplul to a Chinese offensive. A cbmmunique meanwhile an nounced capture of all villages around Owchihkow on the Yang tze river above Tungting lake, and said the Chinese were pus.a ing on into the sv*?urbs of th« city.