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The Wilmington morning star. [volume] (Wilmington, N.C.) 1909-1990, January 06, 1944, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Served By Leased Wire Of The
ASSOCIATED PRESS
NEWS AND FEATURES
With Complete Coverage Of
State And National News
VOL. 76. — NO. 302__WILMINGTON, N- C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1944_FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867
Rail Demands
Are Given To
Special Board
held union victory
FDR Resubmits Claims To
An Emergency Body
In Washington
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5.—Non-op
erating railroad employes appar
ently won a new point today in
their campaign for more pay, as
President Roosevelt resubmitted
their claims to an emergency
board in language that seemed to
limit the issi e to that of overtime.
The unions had contended that
only this issue should be open to
QlfjCUoaxvii, mcj nau uamcu at x c
opening a wage increase previous
ly recommended for them.
The White House announced that
the case of the 1.100,000 clerks,
shopmen and others who do not
actually run trains, had been sent
back to the board for consideration
of “payments for or in lieu of
overtime.”
The statement at another point
mentioned ‘unsettled claims for
wage adjustments of the non-oper
ating employes which were not
presented” at the time the board
made a previous report recom
mending sliding scale increases in
regular time pay ranging from 4
to 10 cents an hour.
Spokesmen of tne unions said
that language seemed to limit the
board to consideration of overtime
pay claims, but they said the ac
tual Presidential order resubmit
ting the case was less specific.
The order recited the history of
the negotiations, in which the 15
unions at first refused the regular
time increase, then accepted it at
the time a year-end strike was
called off, and at the same time
presented the new claim for over
time compensation. It mentioned
that the carriers and the non-op
erating employes had not been
able to agree “with respect to such
additional claims.” and at another
point said the special panel was
recalled to consider “the unsettled
claims for wage adjustments.” -
The question in the minds of
worker spokesmen w a s whether
that language went as far as the
White House statement in limiting
the issue.
In calling off their strike, the
unions offered to submit the over
time issue—and only that issue—
to arbitration by President Roose
velt. The railroads, however,
though they had accepted the regu
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 3)
T T
FILTER CENTER’S
WORKERS HONORED
Lieut. Col. Oscar C. Tigner, com
mander of Wilmington Air De
fense region, presented merit
awards to 120 volunteer workers
and 12 awards for meritorius ser
vice at a ceremony held at the
information and filter center at
3 p.m. Wednesday.
The awards, presented by the
Army Air Forces aircraft warning
service, were made in recognition
c! the work done by volunteers
at the filter center since Pearl
Harbor. The aw'ards for meritor
cus service were given to per
sons who have cooperated with the
center.
The award is a gold emblem,
reading “for merit,” and listing
the number of hours served by
the volunteer. One 3,000 hour
award, one 2,500 hour, twelve 2,
000. nineteen 1,500, twenty 1,000,
f fty 500, and seventeen 350 hour
awards were given.
Honorary merit awards were also
liven to Mayor Bruce B. Camer
vn: City Manager A. C. Nichols;
Addison Hewlett, Sr., chairman of
hoard of county commissioners;
Sheriff c. David Jones, Louis J
Poisson, R. H. Hubbard, R. A.
Bunlea, M’Kean Maffitt, Harry
lalese. Postmaster Wilbur R.
Bosher, John E. Hope, R. B. Page,
and Sidney J. Rivenbark.
Camp Mackall’s Army
Maneuvers Postponed
Because Of Weather
CAMP MACKALL, Jan. 5—UP!—
■o 24-hour postponement of the
start of the second five-day man
ors of the combined airborne
ar‘d troop carrier commands with
’n a month was ordered today
because of weather conditions.
The large-scale exercises were
set to have begun tonight with a
demonstration of the Army’s strik
,‘S Pmver from the air and were
P have continued until Sunday,
averse weaither. however, led
j.e maneuver officials to order
be postponement.
v1 was recalled that in the simi
r exercises early in December,
similar postponement was neces
also because of bad weath
er.
Invasion Council
Meet Site Picked
LONDON, Jan. 5. —W— An
inoonspicious building whose
entrance is guarded for the
moment by a lone American
sentry has become Allied in
vasion headquarters in London.
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower
is not expected for a few days
although members of his staff
already are at work in the
new quarters.
The names of American and
British officers are going up
on , doors of the building, but
so far only one emblem—the
Shield of the United States—
has appeared along with the
names.
LOCALTAXILAWS
RAPPED BY JUDGE
Loftin Says City Ordinance
May Not Be Legal In
County
A possibility that city ordinances
setting tne fares which Wilmington
taxi cab drivers may charge be
yond the city limits is illegal was
voiced in Recorder’s Court Wednes
day morning by S. E. Loftin, sub
stituting for Judge Winfield Smith.
Following testimony by a wit
ness that a cab driver had al
legedly •’harged him 25 cents too
much for a trip Tuesday night into
the bench, said he thought it was
high time thi:> bureaucratic form
of government be stopped, and
legislative bodies stop making
jaws regiiruing mings over wnjcii|
they have no control.
Judge Winfield Smith, for whom
the deputy judge was substituting,
however, he has consistently up
held the City’s ordinance on taxi
rates. What happened in Record
er’s court Wednesday morning
was contrary to his policy, accord
ing to court records.
Judge Loftin stated last night
that the complainent told the court
that he was an American-born
German, “and this didn't go so
well with me from the beginning.
I was prejudiced from the start,”
Loftin said. Loftin further stated
that in view of the evidence pre
sented in court Wednesday morn- |
ing, the constitfution was beig
trumpeted on by a lot of agencies, •
and bureaucrats were making a
lot of laws that they had no busi- ■
ness doing.
“This is legislation without re- ■
presentation,” he said, referring
to the city’s ordnance in rela
tion to county taxi rates.
Judge Loftin was referring to the
city ordinance which sets taxi fare
within the city limits at 50 cents
regardless of the distance.
The following is taken from City .
Ordinances, Chapter IX. Article II, j
Rates (as applying tc motor ve
hicles and other taxicabs operated
for hire.)
“$.50 for a trip anywhere within
the limits of the City of Wilming- ]
ton except that section of Lake ;
Forest south of Greenfield Street
and east of the Housing Authority
office.
“$.75 for a trip to Lake Forest
south of Greenfield Street and east
of the Housing Authority office.
“$.75 to any poin outside of the
Citv Limits atid to a point not I
more than 2 1-2 miles.
“$1.00 to any point outside of
the City Limits and to a point not
more than 3 1-2 miles.”
The following provision for pen
alty for violation is made in the
same section of the Ordinances:
“Any person who shall violate
any provision of this article shall
be subject to a penalty of twenty
five ($25.' for each and every such
violation, and every day such of
fense occurs shall be deemed a
separate violation and offense.”
Police dpemrtent officials back
ed the complainant in the case,
telling the complainant in private,
after a warrant had been sworn,
that it was illegal for a driver to
overcharge a passenger.
Unofficial quarte. here said that
the present law was. in effect, the
same as North Carolina passing a
law prohibiting speeding in South
Carolina.
It was further said that many
other cities in the state probably
had similar ordinances.
Thus far, no ruling has been ob
tained by Wilmington or other cit
ies regarding the legality of the
law from the attorney general or
a tribuna’ higher than Recorder’s
court here.
Martin Calls
For Seriteo
LISTS F _ &D
Outlines ‘Mu. gislation
For Second jession
‘ Of Congress
WASHINGTON, Jan.5 — (IP) —
House Republican Leader Martin
today called for Federal legisla
tion to facilitate voting by service
men and women—an issue which
will confront the second session
of the 78th Congress convening
Monday.
The Senate, before the holiday
recess, voted to toss the soldier
voting problem to the States.
“The States will do all they can,”
Martin said, 'but there is need
tor some assistance from the Fed
eral Government.”
Returning to Washington from
his Massachusetts home, Martin
said in an interview that “the peo
ple back home are tax conscious,
and they are growing irritated at
the bureaucrats not cutting ex
penses.”
He outlined what he considered
as “must” legislation for the new
Congress, as follows:
1. Soldier vote legislation.
2. “Muster-out” pay for service
men and women. ‘I hope legisla
tion to this end will be first on
the agenda.”
3. Tax laws must be simplified.
4. Congress must dispose of the
food subsidy legislation now pend
ing before the Senate, after the
House voted to ban subsidies), and
the new tax bill (passed by the
House and now pending in the Sen
ate.)
5. Law’s to govern postwar avi
;tion.
6. Legislation to cope adequately
vith postwar problems.
“This Congress,” said Martin,
he former chairman of the Re
mblican National Committee,
‘cannot shrink from formulating
he necessary plans so that if
leace comes w’e will not be caught
^prepared.”
Turning to discussion of taxes,
le said the people are willing to
lay taxes, ‘but are not willing to
lay for hobbies and unnecessary
ixperiments.” and are complain
ng loudly about complicated tax
aws.
“The Republicans can be depend
;d upon to give every possible as
istance to the simplification of the
ax laws.” he said. “It’s about
ime we had a thorough overhaul
ng of these statutes.”
Another Republican. Rep. Bend
:r of Ohio, came out today for
egislation faciliating absentee bal
oting procedures for service men
md women.
“Our soldiers are not going to
le able to vote unless the Con
gress provides them with a sim
ile. Uniform federal ballot.” he
_
U.S.S. Pompano, Sub,
Fires Last Torpedo
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5— UP) —
,he submarine Pompano, which
waved the home waters of Japan
tself, sinking two warships and
nuch merchant shipping, has fired
ler last torpedo.
Tlie Navy announced today loss
if the 1,330-ton raider without say
ng where she went down. It most
ikely was in the Pacific where
:he six-year-old submarine was a
;onstant thorn to the Japanese.
Listed as missing was the skip
per, Commander Willis M. Thom
as, of Vallejo, Calif., holder oi
:he Navy Cross and the Silver
star for his daring exploits.
The citation accompanying
award of the Navy Cross told
if the Pompano carrying out “an
aggressive and successful subma
rine war patrol in the immediate
vicinity of einfmy Japanese coast
line.”
The citation added that the sub
marine on that particular patrol
sank one Japanese destroyer, a
900-ton Japanese patrol vessel and
6.900 tons of enemy merchant ship
ping. _
Russian Armies Are Threatening
Entire Area lVest Of Kiev Bulge
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
Associated Press War Analyst
Impending fall of the Eerdichev
anchor posi on the critical south
west face of the balooning Kiev
bulge is virtually admitted by Ber
lin’s disclosure that half the town
already is in Russian hands. With
its surrender and imminent Rus
sian capture of Shepetovka junc
tion, 60 miles to the northwest,
the whole inter-locking road and
.rail network west of Kiev to the
old Polish border will be avail
able to the Russians to implement
the next and crucial phase of the
great battle.
A shift in thi force and direction
of the main Russian attack is ap
parent, in suiP->rt of the conclu
sion that the full weight of Red
army offensive power in the bulge
in now being turned northward in
an effort to destroy utterly the
German forces all the way to the
Black Sea.
A virtual lull in the effort to
expand the northwestern sector of
the great bulge now that the Po
lish border has been reached is
indicated. While the exact line on
which the Russians propose to
stand temporarily is not yet clear,
there seems no reason to expect
more than holding action on that
front at this stage of the battle.
Deeper penetration of Poland
west of Levsk and Novograd Vo
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
»
KEY RAIL JUNCTION OF BERDICHEV
IS CAPTURED BY RUSSIAN ARMIES;
95 NAZI PLANES BA GGED ON RAID
GREAT 800 MILE FRONT
Many Objectives On Con
tinent Are Blasted By
RAF, U. S
LONDON, Thursday, Jan. 6. —(/P)
— U. S. heavy bombers and escort
ing fighters blasted 95 German
planes out of the sky yesterday as
they ranged across a record 800
mile front to strike the Kiel ship
yards, airfields at Bordeaux and
Tours in France, and industrial
targets in western Germany.
Duesseldorf was reported by a
Berlin radio broadcast to have been
among the bombers' objectives.
It was the biggest day for U. S.
army air force gunners since the
Dec 11 raid on Emden, when 138
Nazi fighters were bagged. The
wide-spread operation cost the at
tacking force 25 heavy bombers
and 12 escorting fighters.
To reach their targets the bomb
ers knifed through a strong de
fense which included rocket
planes and ME-llOs towing what
appeared to be new-type anti-air
craft bombs.
Gunners on the. Fiying Fortress
es and Liberators accounted for
62 of the Ge man planes downed
while Thunderbolt and Lightning
pilots got 33 in the far-ranging
operation which in scope became
one of the great daylight assaults!
of the war.
Claiming that German losses
during the day’s aerial battle's
were “remarkably light,” the Ger
man News Agency DNB in a broad
cast dispatch said ‘more than 50
at least tour-fifths were four-en
gined bombers, were destroyed—
23 of them over France.”
The blow ai the Kiel shipyards
was the tbird in three weeks.
Never before in a major opera- '
tion has the U S. Eighth Air
Force been ’able to execute so
many diversionary thrusts. The
airline distance from Kiel, a Ger
man Sea port, to Eordeaux, in
southeastern France, is 800 miles.
There was no immediate an-:
nouncement on the number of air
craft lost or the enemy planes de
stroyed.
It was the second attack in two
days on Kiel. That city’s ship
yards, and railway targets at
Muenster. also in northwest Ger
many were struck by U. S. heavy
bombers Tuesday ir. one of the
greatest daylight aerial assaults
ever visited or. Hitler’s European
fortress. Counting American and
British tighter escorts the fleet
in that attack consisted of some
1,500 planes. Between the two
Kiel stacs, RAF Mosquito bomb
ers hit smoldering Berlin in a
night aUack. British and Allied
planes pounded largets in north
ern France and along the French
“Invasion coast” today.
The Vichy radio left the air to
night,, indicating that the aerial
battering might be continuing.
The British-based U. S. Flying
Fortresses and Liberators were es
corted by American fighters on all
their missions today except the
foray at Bordeaux, which involved
a round-trip flight of almost 1.000
miles. In the Bordeaux operation
they were given withdraway sup
port by American and RAF’ fight
ers.
Crews returning form Kiel said
the target wssj leached in clear
weather. Despite the unusually
desperate resistance of Nazi fight
ers they said their bombs crunch
ed down exactly in the area out
lined on the oi'iefing boards, build
ing large fires in a city which
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) j
MARINES TAKE
LEAD IN PACIFIC
By the Associated Press
Tank-led Marines have taken the
offensive against harassing Jap
anese forces on New Britain while
opposing air forces stepped up
their attacks on each other’s mid
Pacific bases in the Marshall and
Gilbert islands.
Another Japanese cruiser was
hit at Kavieng, New Ireland, Gen.
Douglas MacArthur reported today,
two days after he had announced
the probable sinking of two enemy
cruisers and a destroyer at the
same point on the supply route
between the Japanese bastions ot
Truk and Rabaul. Dutch and Aus
tralian fliers sank two cargo ships
in the Dutch East Indies.
In the mid-Pacific battle for air
fields, American bombers made
three more raids on enemy air
dromes in the southern Marshall
islands, Admiral Chester W. Nim
itz said at Pearl Harbor. The
Japanese countered with four at
tacks on United States bases in
the Gilbert islands.
Death Trap Set For Nazis In 1944 r
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urkeyI
Gen. Eisenhower said it: “We’ll win in 1944.” And as the New Year begins, a determined world
eries “On to Berlin!” From every direction men will march and planes wall fly. Smashing from the
East will be the Russian juggernaut, while other A hied armies push through the Balkans and across
the Channel. Other forces will drive from Corsica through Italy and across Poland and Yugoslavia.
‘MARCH OF DIMES’
CAMPAIGN IS SET
Drive Will Open In New
Hanover County On
Jan. 15
The March of Dimes will get
under way in Wilmington and New
Hanover County January 15, it was
announced at a meeting of the
committee in the Y.M.C.A., Tues
day night, at which time the Rev.
James B. McQuere was elected
chairman of the 1944 campaign
here.
J. D. Carr was elected vice
chairman and Harry Dosher,
man of public relations. Plans are
being considered for the campaign
and it is expected that they will
be completed within the near fu
ture.
This year’s drive will not be
conducted under a plan of general
solicitation as in previous cam
paigns here. The annual tag day
will be observed on January 29,
as the president’s birthday comes
on Sunday of this year. Coin boxes
will be placed in approximately
100 stores and business establish
ments throughout the city. One
large box will be on hand in the
lobby of the postoffice.
Harry Dosher, who was chair
man of last year’s campaign, stat
ed that the drive in 1943 netted
only 3.999 per capita. This figure
was based on the 1940 census.
Dosher said that if the total col
lection had been based on the in
flux of the county’s population, it
would probably have been less than
one cent per pernon. "And that
is pretty low.’’ he said, ‘as some
counties in the state showed a to
tal of more than 15 cents per cap
ita."
R. A. Dunlea, owner of Station
WMFD. has allowed the campaign
committee five minutes each day,
beginning January 24 and continu
ing through the 29th, at which
;ime a prominent citizen will speak
on behalf of the campaign.
It is hoped that the drive will
net at least a total of ten cents
per capita, truly signifying the
March of Dimes in New Hanover
county.
-_V
LUMBER MEET
CHARLOTTE. Jan. 5.—(£>)— The
Carolina Lumber and Building
Supply Association will have an
"on to victory” war conference
nere January i2-13. E. M. Garner,
executive secretary, announced to
day.
Nazis Build Italian Line;
Leese Is 8th Army Head
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Algiers, Jan. 5—(£>)—
German engineers are rushing to completion an Italian
“Siegfried line” several miles deep and as powerful as sim
ilar Nazi fortifications in western Europe, German prison
ers reported today as headquarters disclosed that Lt. Gen.
unver J_,eese, a tanK expert,
had taken over command of the
British Eighth army in its drive
up Italy’s Adriatic coast.
Intent m keeping the Allies from
Rome as long as possible, the Na
zis were said to be installing their
formidable new defense system on
ly a few miles from the present
battle line, with its strongest fea
tures located m the neighborhood
of Cassino opposite the Fifth Ar
my and inland from Pescara, Adri
atic seaport which Canadian forc
es are nearing.
The desperate nature of German
resistance in Italy in recent weeks
possibly was dictated by the neces
sity of holding until the new line
could be completed Dr. Fritz
Todt, German engineering genius
who constructed similar “walls”
in the west, was killed nearly a
year ago in a plane accident, but
the organization he built up is be
lieved still functioning.
In addition to forging the new
line, the Nazis were reported
forming reserves of mobile de
fense units back of the fighting
line and to nc leiniorcing their
troops at the front with crack
mountain regiments. An Allied of
ficer said the enemy appeared to
be preparing for a long war of
attrition up the Italian leg.
Canadian troops celebrated an
nouncement o£ the appointment of
Lt. Gen. Leese as the new com
mander of the Eighth by storming
and capturing “Point 59,” a
strongly-defended hill about three
miles from Ortona and overlook
ing the coastal highway to Pes
cara. The advance, first of im
portance for the Canadians since
a snow and wind storm hit the
Adriatic sector Iasi week end, was
made after a heavy artillery and
mortar barrage had churned the
height.
The new commander of Britain’s
best known army is o 49-year-old
six-footer who commanded a corps
of the Eighth Army through the
North African and S'cilian cam
paigns, and is second in populari
ty in that organization only to Gen.
Sir Bernard L Montgomery,
whom he succeeds. Montgomery
...m J V D*. +W 4-v. n r.
in the invasion of western Europe.
Leese, tall and straight with
gray, thinning hair and good-hu
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 7)
WEATHER
FORECAST
NORTH CAROLINA: Partly cloudy and
cooler Thursday, clearing in afternoon,
colder Thursday nigh? with temperatures
slightly below freezing in west and cen
tral portion. Friday fair and continued
rather cool.
TIDES FOR TODAY
High Low
Wilmington - 6:38a 1:10a
6:53p 1:46p
Masonboro Inlet- 4:43a 10:57a
5 :03p 11:04p
Moore’s Inlet- 4:48a 11:02a
5 :08p 11:09p
New Topsail Inlet _ 4:53a 11:07a
5 :13p 11:14p
(All times Eastern Standard)
Cape Fear River stage at Fayette
ville, 28.95 feet.
i (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6)
t.
POLES ARE TOLD
TO AID RUSSIANS
LONDON, Jan. 5. —(/P|— The
Polish government in London call
ed on its underground in Poland
today to give the right of way to
the advancing Russain armies and
to continue resistance to the Ger
mans, but an order to cooperate
with the Russian military comman
ders was withheld pending resump
tion of Polish-Soviet diplomatic
relations.
In a declaration handed to all
the United Nations with which it
has diplomatic relations, the gov
ernment moved to avert any clash
of Poles with the Red army pour
ing across the pre-war Rusian
Polish border, but it claimed the
right to rule the country as soon
as it is liberated.
“The conduct of the Polish na
tion in the course of the present
war has proved that it has never
recognized and will not recognize
solutions imposed by force,” the
statement said.
“The Polish government expects
that the Soviet Union, sharing its
view as to the importance of fu
ture friendly relations between the
two countries in the interests of
peace and with the view of pre
venting German revenge, will not
fail to respect the rights and in
terests of the Polish republic and
its citizens.
“Acting in that belief, the Polish
government instructed the under
ground authorities in Poland to
continue and to intensify their re
sistance to the German invaders,
to avoid all conflicts with the
Soviet armies entering Poland in
their battle against the Germans,
and to enter into cooperation with
the Soviet commanders in event of
the resumption of Polish-Soviet re
lations.
“If a Polish-Soviet agreement
such as the Polish government
has declared itself willing to con
clude had preceded the crossing
(Continued on Page Three; Col. 7)
Tentative Program For Recreation
Training Institute Is Approved
A tentative program for the
Recreation Training Institute to be
conducted ' from January 10th
through 14th, and being sponsored
by the Municipal Recreation De
partment in cooperation with
Recreation Division, Community
War Services, FSA and Federal
Public Housing Authority and lo
cal organizations, has been ap
proved by City Manager A. C
Nichols and Jesse Reynolds, di
rector of the recreation depart
ment.
Miss Helen Dauncy of the Na
tional Recreation Association wil
be in charge of 'he Institute. Ses
sions will be held Monday, Thurs
day and Friday 01 next week a
the Sorosis Clubroom from 10 a.m,
to noon, and on Tuesday and
Thursday at the Woodrow Wilson
A separate Training Institute for
Negroes will be held on the same
dates at Robeii Taylor Homes.
In discussing the program, Mr.
Reynolds pointed out that the In
stitute will be primarily informal.
No special invitation to attend is
necessary, and the meetings will
be open to all those who are inter
ested in learning more about rec
reation. There will be ample op
portunity, said Mr. Reynolds, for
those attending the Institute to ask
questions.
The meetings are designed par
ticularly to help leaners of groups
(Continued on Page Two; Col. 3)
FORMER GERMAN BASE
Stalin Announces Victory
In Special Order Of
The Day
MOSCOW, Thursday, Jan. 6.—If)
The Red army was reported to
day to have taken the German
Sluch river line.
The Sluch river presents a
north-south line in that portion of
its 30-mile course between Polon
noe and Novograd Volynski. The
river is east of both of these
towns and the Russians already
have announced the capture of No
vograd Volynski, across the river.)
A dispatch to the Moscow News
said the troops which took this
line had penetrated deep into the
Polesian province (of pre-war Po
land,1 in the direction of Sarny,
35 miles inside the former frontier.
The Moscow News reported the
front had rolled more than 90 miles
west of Radomysl, starting point
of the Red offensive.
(A 90-mile advance due west
from Radomysl would put the Rus
sians across the pre-war Polish
border at Korzec.)
LONDON. Jan. 5.—(J>i—The Rus
sian First Ukrainian army today
captured the railway junction of
1 ok- _ :_1 1_1_, , ,
-- ' * uutivauv IU 111C
German line protecting Poland and
Rumania, after five days’ fighting,
Premier Marshal Joseph Stalin an
nounced in a special order of the
day tonight.
Berdichev, 25 miles south of
Zhitomir, is the former headquar
ters of German Field Marshal Gen.
Fritz von Mannstein. Its capture
increased the communication links
between the Russian westward
drive into pre - war Poland and
southwestward drive toward the
Rumanian frontier.
Stalin’s announcement came aft
er a delay of more than an hour
in the broadcast of the regular
Moscow communique — indicating
that capture was completed only
a short time before the announce
ment was made public.
The Germans, earlier, had ad
mitted evacuating the eastern por
tion of the manufacturing town
which had a pre-war population of
51.000. It is on the trunk east
west railway from Kowel in Po
land to Kazatin and connects with
the Kiev-Vinnitsa railway 45 miles
north of Vinnitsa.
The capture gave the Russians
use of the lateral railway from
Zhitomir to Kazatin in the south,
where an important Russian force
was pounding toward Rumania in
hopes of cutting off the Germans
(Continued on Page Two; Col, 2)
TIGHTERSCHOOL
LAWS ARE ASKED
RALEIGH, Jan. 5— MB—Stating
that an average Oi 130 000 students
are absent from Nor'b Carolina’s
public schools daily the lay com
mittee of the North Carolina Edu
cation Association (N’CEA) today
urged "more adequate compulsory
attendance laws. ’
The group met with Governor
Broughton, Honorary committee
chairman, in Hi" otfice here.
The committeemen, headed by
Horace fcisk of Fayetteville, NCEA
president said that some absentee
ism, of course was caused by ill
ness, but that ‘the majority”
stayed away because "there are
no adequate laws to force them
to attend ”
A study by counties and on a
statewide basis to determine post
war building needs also was urged.
The committee saL that no build
ing had been done during the last
three years, because of the war,
and that expansion of buildings
and other facilities—both because
of increased populations and loss
(Continutd on Page Three; Col. 3)
China’s Armies Ready
For General Offensive
In 1944, Official Says
CHUNGKING, Jan. 5—'^—Chi
na’s armies standy ready, even
with available equipment, to spring
a general counter-offensive this
year, but such a campaign would
be contingent upon Allied acti
vities in other war theaters, min
ister of Information Liang nan
chao said today.
He declared that increased air
power in China would be especial
ly helplul to a Chinese offensive.
A cbmmunique meanwhile an
nounced capture of all villages
around Owchihkow on the Yang
tze river above Tungting lake,
and said the Chinese were pus.a
ing on into the sv*?urbs of th«
city.

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