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Army, Navy Release Tale Of Jap Brutality To U.S.
__ __- ★ (Continued from Page One) spent, hungry American and Fili pino soldiers on Bataan as soon as they surrendered with what the survivors later called "the march of death,” said the report. The report was assembled from statements made by Commander Melvyn H. McCoy, U.S.N., 1125 La Salle street, Indianapolis; Lt. Col. S. M. Mellnik, coast artillery, of Dunmore, Pa, and Lt. Col. Wil liam E. Dyess, air corps, of Al bany, Tex. Dyess was killed in a crash of his fighter plane at Burbank, Calif., recently while he was pre paring to return to combat against the Japanese. Mellnik is now with Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s com mand in the Southwest Pacific, and McCoy is on duty in the United grates While the report was based ex clusively on the records of these three officers, the joint statement said other Americans known to have escaped from Japanese pris on camps in the Philippines in clude three officers and one en listed man of the Marine Corps Major Michiel Dobervitch, of Iron ton, Minn., Major Austin C. Shof ner, Shelbyville, Tenn., Major Jack Hawkin of Roxton, Tex., and Cor poral Reid Carlos Chamberlain, of El Cajone, Calif. Dyess told the Army that "though beaten, hungry and tired from the terrible last days of com bat on Bataan, though further re sistance was hopeless, our Ameri can soldiers and their Filipino comrades in arms would not have surrendered had they known the fate in store for them.” The “March of Death,” Dyess said began when thousands of prisoners were herded together at ; Mariveles airfield on Bataan at daylight on April 10, 1942, after their surrender. Some of them had food, he said, i but the guards would not permit , any of them to eat; "they were i searched, their personal belong- ' ings taken, those with Japanese ] tokens or money were beheaded and then—in groups of 500 to 1.000 , men_the prisoners were marched ] along the National road off Bataan . toward San Fernando in Pampan- } ga province. • j Those who still had personal be- , longings w7ere stripped of them, s and the Japanese slapped and beat , them with sticks as they marched , without food or water on a hot j day, the report said. Dyess, describing “The March of t Death.” said that a Japanese sol- j dier took his canteen, gave the j water to a horse, and threw the j canteen away; men recently killed were lying along the roadside, i many run over and flattened by J Japanese trucks; patients bombed £ out of a hospital, dazed, wandering £ in pajamas and slippers, were j herded into the marching column: d the prisoners marched the second j day without food, but at noon were permitted to drink dirty water . from a stream beside the road; no ^ one was allowed to help prisoners . who collapsed and fell; on the | third day, the prisoners got their . first taste of “sun treatment.” j forced to sit in the boiling sun all ( day without cover. ' “We had very little water: our thrist was intense,” Dyess report ed. “Many of us went crazy and several died. The Japanese , dragged out the sick and delirious. Three Filipino and three American 1 soldiers were buried while still i alive.” The story continued: Filipino civilians who tried to help were beaten; A colonel and 1 a Filipino soldiet who picked up 1 three soldiers who had collapsed J an put them on a cart were ' seized by the Japanese and they 1 and the three soldiers, in a coma. 1 were horsewhipped; six Filipino 1 soldiers, half-crazed with thirst, : made a dash for a roadside well, i and all six were killed. “I made that march of about 85 miles in six days on one mess : kit of rice,” said Dyess. "Other ' Americans made ‘The March of i Death’ in 12 days, without any food whatever. Much of the time. ; of course, they were given the ' sun treatment along the way.” The report said that prisoners taken at orregidor a month later, among them McCoy and Mellnik. had no experience quite like the death march. However, 7,000 Americans and 5,000 Filipinos were concentrated on a square of concrete about 100 yards on each side, kept there without food for a week. There was only one water spigot for the 12,000 men. After seven days they got their first rations—one mess kit of rice and a can of sardines. At Camp O'Donneil, said Dyess’ statement, the Japanese command ing officer made a speech to the Americans and he Filipinos tell ng them they were not prisoners of war but captives without rights or privileges. The camp had virtually no wa ter facilities — prisoners stood in line from six to ten hours to get ^ drink. The principal food was rice, meat came twice in two Months—enough to give one-fourth >f the prisoners a piece an inch square, and a few times they had pomoties, a type of sweet potato, Many of them rotten. There was ntermittent raioning of potatoes —one spoonful per man. Once or ;wice the prisoners got a few man lo beans, a little flour to make a paste gravy for the rice, and a spoonful each of coconut lard. Some Japanese operated a black market, selling a can of fish for >5. After one week, the death rate unong American soldiers was 20 s day, among the Filipinos 150. lad increased to 50 a day among Americans and 500 among the Fili pinos. One dilapidated building was set aside and called a hospital, but here was no medicine of any kind —"the doctors had not even water o wash human waste from their patients.” Once the Japanese al owed the Red Cross at Manila to aring in quinine—“how much, the prisoners never found out.” There were thousands of cases jf malaria, and men afflicted with dysentery ‘remained out in the weather near the latrines until they died.” Frequently, for no apparent reason, prisoners were forced to line up and stand in the sun for uours. About June 1, the American pris pners at Camp O’Donnell were moved to Cabanatuan concentra tion camp, where Dyess joined Mellnik and McCoy. He found con ditions there slightly improved, with adequate drinking water and water for bathing from muddy seepage wells. But Japanese bru tality continued, and rice was still the principal diet. Officers were not forced to work at Cabanatuan, but enlisted men were, and frequently were beaten unmercifully, Dyess reported. When two Americans were caught getting food from a Filipino they were beaten on the face and body, 1 ind “after a doctor dressed their wounds, the Japs took sticks and mat them again.’’ Men literally were worked to ieath; it was not unusual for 20 per cent of a work detail to die, md “in one instance, 75 per cent were killed that way.” McCoy reported that when two \rmy officers and a Navy officer were caught trying to escape from Uabanatuan, “their Japanese cap ers beat them about the feet and egs till they could no l»nger stand, hen kicked the officers and jump :d on them.” ‘The next morning the three \mericans, stripped to their shorts, were taken out on the road n full view of the camp, their rands were tied behind them, and hey were pulled up by ropes from an overhead purchase, so that ;hey had to remain standing, but rent forward to ease the pressure m their arms,” the report said. 'They were kept in this position n the blazing sun for two full lays. Periodically the Japanese reat them with a two-by-four, and iny Filipino unlucky enough to pass that way was compelled to aeat them too. If he failed to beat hem hard enough, the Japanese seat him. After two days of this, me of the officers was beheaded and the other two were shot. “The Japanese made every ef fort to humiliate their prisoners af war. They would force them to stand and call them vile names When one older American colonel iurned away, from a Japanese re riling him, he was knocked un eonscious with a blackjack. Ameri :an flags were habitually and de signedly used as rags in the Jap anese kitchens.” The death rate at Cabanatuan in June and July, 1942, was 30 Amer ican* a day, the three officers reported the rate in August more than 20 a day, and in September 15 a day—“because by that time most of the weaker men were al ready dead.” During October it ranged upward from 16 to 19 a day and was increasing when Dyess, Mellnik and McCoy left Ca banatuan. “By that date,” said the report, “3,000 of the 12,200 Army, Navy and Marine corps prisoners at Ca banatuan had died. There were 2, 500 in the hospitals, and the Ameri :an doctors doubted that any of hem would live. j “The chief cause of death was starvation. This was definitely es ablished by autopsies performed jy both American and Japanese ioctors.” The Japanese kad taken 400 pris- • >ners who were technical men and , sent them to Japan to work in 'actories, and were arranging an other shipment of 1,000 when , Oyess, Mellnik and McCoy left Ca janatuan. The three officers and 96 others were crowded into the hold of a 7,000-ton freighter at Manila for shipment to Davao, Mindanao, a voyage which took 11 days. Un oaded on November 7, the entire iroup was given the “sun treat ment” for two hours and then forc ;d to march more than 15 miles ;o the Davao r.enal colony. There, the Japanese command ng officer who had requested able jodied laborers shouted that in stead he had been sent "walking :orpses”—but just the same they were all put to hard labor. Food was slightly better at Da i?ao, but most of the prisoners al- i -eady were suffering from beri aeri and the food was ■ not suffi cient to prevent progress of the iisease, which, caused by poor di et, produces a painful rigidity of :he arms and legs. Oranges and lemons were abundant in the vicin ity, but the prisoners could not iave them. “The arrival of two Red Cross boxes for each prisoner early in 1943 caused joy beyond descrip tion among the prisoners, accord ing to the statements of the three officers,” the report continued. “The boxes contained chocolate bars, cheese, tinned meats and sardines, cigarettes, a portion of tea, cocoa, salt, pepper and sugar. Most important of all, quinine and sulfa drugs were included. The Red Cross supplies had been received aboard a diplomatic ship in Japan in June, 1942. The pris oners never learned why it took them seven months to reach Da Vao.” McCoy, Mellnik and Dyess es caped from Davao April 4, 1943. When they left, 1,100 of the 2,000 prisoners there were still able to work. This was the result of the policy announced to them on their arrival by the camp commandant: “You have been used to a soft, j easy life since your capture. Alii that will be different here. You will learn about hard labor. Every prisoner will continue to work un til he is actually hospitalized. Pun ishment for malingering will be severe.” ____ Now You Can Get Quick Relief From Coughs or Bronchial Irritations Due to Colds Eases Hacking Instantly Why hack, hack, hack yourself to pieces? One dose of Bron-chu-line Emuulsion eives you unmistakable reliel — a few coses may relieve it entirely. Contains no chloroform or narcotics and no sweet sugary syrup. Not habit-forming. But if you want something real for a really nasty cough get a 65 cent bottle of Bic*n-chu-line Emulsion—from Brooklyn Pharmacy. Futrelle’s Pharmacy. Lane’s Market St. Pharmacy or any good drug store on our guarantee of unmistakable satisfaction or money back. ."I _l_ Help Vs Re - Build This Church Destroyed by Fire Jan. 2nd Only Two Days Left In Our Drive About half the quota has been reached with only 2 days to go. If you wish to contribute to this wor thy cause, please make your donations now. We wish to thank those who have so generously given aid to the Vebuilding of our church. The citizens of Wilmington have always re \ sponded to the worthwhile causes and it is with deep faith that the members of t j St. Lukes A. M. E. Zion Church NOW INVITE YOUR FINANCIAL AID TO ITS REBUILDING 6 1 ' 4 I Essentials dor (Boys BOY’S DEPT.-3RD FLOOR Juvenile Sweaters Cardigan and slipovers in plaids and plain colors. Sizes 4-12. $1.98 - $3.95 BOYS' SLACKS Smartly tailored slacks in herringbones, tweeds, solid colors, and coverts. Neat appearing and yet ‘solid' comfort. Blue, brown, and gray. 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Army Air Forces men al screening test was administer ’d by representatives of the Ar ny and the Civil Air Patrol to 200 ’tudents at New Hanover High School January 24. The aptitude examination is be ng given to all 16 and 17 year old white youths in North Carolina who are interested in learning whether they are qualified for iviation cadet training, during the tirst three months of 1944. This policy as set by the Fourth Serv ice Command is being initiated hroughout the southern states. It is felt that the results of this :esting program will be of untold ,’alue both to the school for statis ;ical purposes and to the individ jal student to determine in his nvn mind his capabilities for fu ;ure positions. HERMANS LAUNCH ATTACK IN ITALY (Continued from Page One) bridgehead had been extended 12 miles inland and to the edge of the historic Appian Way. Steady progress has been reported §ince that time, and it is safe to as sume that the Appian Way has been cut in at least one place. Apparently the Hermann Goer ing battle group was trying to force its way up to clear this main traffic artery between Rome and the coastal sector of the main Fifth Army front. A Navy an nouncement that Allied warships were heavily shelling the highway around Terracina and Formia in i dicated the enemy was rushing up i more reinforcements for a still ' greater blow at the bridgehead. i The expanding battle area as the Nazis throw more and more troops into the fight for Rome might soon engulf the summer home of the Pope at Castel Gandolfo, which is ust off the Appian Way in the Alban hills, 20 airline miles from Nettuno and about 13 miles from Rome. Yesterday’s encounter below Lit toria, the main town of the Pon tine Marsh agricultural develop ment, was the only fight specifical ly located by the Allied command, and the Germans were equally vague as they told of repelling Al lied efforts to widen the bridge head. It was believed here that the Nazis still did not know the exact extent of the amphibious opera tion. , The outcome of the impending battle almost within sight of Rome may depend on whether Allied ships can pour in reinforcements faster than the Germans can swing their nine divisions on the main Fifth Army front up to face the new threat. The Allied navy an nounced that landings so far were “ahead of schedule,” but said bad weather was beginning to inter ere. The wretched weather » vas preventing the Allies f„’ M6. trting the full pressure ot V*' lir superiority. ne>f Navajo Indians make their soap from the roots of the a* Yucca. 6 Qes?rt Approximately 60.UU0 ni8r,, ceremonies are conducted'm‘va York City annually. n ^ Next time you need calomel'*!.^'! Calotaba, the Improved calrv^T compound tablets that, makeS mel-taking pleasant. Suvar-co2« agreeable, prompt, and eSe?^' Not necessary to follow with *1,*! 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