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Ms^l ilmtttgtmt itntuuj | “Sr 'vo[777.—NO. 27 ' ------— -- - TTZ... - -— — -,-WILMINGTON, N. C., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1944 _FINAL EDITION_ESTABLISHED 1867 U. o. Armored Columns Smash Into N azi Flank; Beachhead Hold Secure AERIAL fights rage Americans Drive 2 Miles Toward Carroceto With | Renewed Energy ALLIED headquarters, Naples, Feb, 20. — (JP)— American aimored columns smashed into (he German flank today, and have driven two miles toward Carroceto jl5 a fierce counterattack sprung after -invasion beachhead forces Lad blunted an all-out, reckless onslaught by nine Nazi divisions. Allied and Axis aircraft swarm ed above the beachhead, attack ing opposing lines and opposing squadrons in maneuvers that were approaching record proportions un tji worsening weather limited their operations. Allied aircraft aloft ranged from flying Fortresses to Cubs. Ger man strength was equally evid ent. with packs of 30 to 40 or more enemy planes cutting into the crowded sky lanes. int: UUC Ui uuiuv- IU1UI.U, and “the beachhead was never more secure than today”— "he date reportedly set by the Ger mans for its extinction—Associated press Correspondent Daniel De Luce said in a front dispatch writ ten at 12:30 p.m. today. The mauled Germans relaxed ‘re initiative, he declared, and the U. S. armored thrusts, biting into the eastern flank of the Nazi salient, gained “as much as three kilometers (two miles) in the di itction of Carroceto.” These blows ay tanks and infantry began at 6:30 a.m. Saturday, and continu ed today. Thus the ground lost below Car roceto to the intense German cnarges was being recovered, and De Luce said the Germans may have lost so heavily “that anoth ei attack can not be mounted on a similar scale.'1 More than 500 prisoners have been taken in the last 24 hours, he added, and “German attacks to day were described as patrol ac tions, and German artillery began fading in power yesterday. Allied headquarters asserted the Germans, with their dead strewn thickly across the meadows, still were suffering heavy casualties ss fighting continued. Both sides were throwing an infantry, tanks, blundering artillery, and aviation, and Allied warships were booming in support off the coast. The German army there is equi valent to nine divisions with six of them—anywhere from 50,000 to 80.000 men—battling in the main attack along the Aibano - Anzio load it was estimated. The all-out Nazi offensive launch ed Wednesday morning gained “less than 3,,000 yards” on a nar row front along this road, head c,uarers announced, and some of this has been recovered. Allied I (Continued on Page Two; Col. 4) MINUTE MAN FLAG IS WON BY DAVIS CAMP DAVIS, Feb. 20—Civilian employes of this antaircraft artil lery center have won the honor of displaying a Treasury Department “Minute Man” flag beneath Old Glory on the post flag pole as a result of their war bond purchases during the current Fourth War Loan Drive, Captain L. B. Wan tuck, post war bond officer an flounced today. More than 90 per cent of the civilian employes have pledged purchase 10 per cent or more their monthly earnings in war ™nds. he indicated. At the same time, continuation ui the bond campaign to February 29 was expected to swell the pur chase of war bonds by both civi kan and enlisted personnel. . Difficulties which have delayed 'ssurance of war bonds to civi kan workers under the payroll deduction plan have been elimi nated it was announced . Three Russian ArmierjjA Battling Through Str//~$ LONDON, Monday, Feb. 21.—(A>) —Three Russian armies fighting through blizzards toward the Bal tic gateway of Pskov yesterday captured points within 30 miles of Dno, seizing 114 villages in gains of two to 12 miles, and killing more than 2,200 Germans. Moscow announced today. The swift Russian advance, facil itated by soil hardened by sub zero temperatures, threatened to outflank another ICO-mile section of the crumbling German north ern front between Dno and Novo* sokolniki. “The Germans retreating under the blows of Soviet Iroops are abandoning equipment and arms.” a midnight bulletin said. Berlin broadcasts also said the --- ■JS" •• Russians had flung . 2P * troops into a rent A. ward Minsk in Whitt O the south, and also dt. . ne Red Army of the Ukrain was attacking wi*h mounting fury to ward the bastion of Krivoi Rog, L.ast big ore city still held by the Germans in the Dnieper Bend. Dno, 60 miles east of Pskov, is a junction on the Leningrad - Vitebsk and Staraya Russa-Pskov lines. The units of one Soviet army seized Bolshoi Zvad and Maly Zvad, 30 miles north of Dno; an other took Donets, the same dis tance to the northeast, and a tnird captured Shilova Gora, 30 miles to the east, said a broad (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) STEEL FORMULA ATTACK PRESSED Labor Spokesmen Says Equal Sacrafices Not Being Made WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—<A>>— Pressing organized labor’s attack on the “Little Steel” formula lim iting wage increases, an AFL spokesman protested .today that compared with the American worker, “everyone else is not making equal sacrifices.” In a followup of a complaint voiced yesterday by labor mem bers of the President’s cost-of-liv ing committee that the Bureau of Labor Statistics Index ’’distorts the basic facts” of wartime living costs, George Meany, secretary treasurer of the AFL, declared that the effect of living cost in creases is “cruel and disastrous to morale” of workers. Simultaneously, the National As sociation of Manufacturers and the United States Chamber of Com merce remarked that the report of the committee’s two labor mem bers has “the inevitable effect of seriously jeopardizing the chances of presenting a unanimous report” by the full committee. The objection was voiced by Rob ert Gaylord, president of the as sociation, and Eric A. Johnston, president of the Chamber, in a letter to H. B. Horton and George K. Batt, industry members of the committee. Suggesting that the labor mem bers had used the committee as a “sounding board for publicizing the conclusions of an interested group,” Gaylord and Johnston, ad (Continued on Page Six; Col. 4) I —1 Three Enemy U- Boats Sunk, Others Damaged In Mediterranean Area LONDON, Feb. 20.—(/P>— British planes and warships destroyed three enemy subma rines and damaged several others in a pack which attemp ted unsuccessfully for 11 days recently to slip through the Straits of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean, the Admiralty said today. Apparently the U-boats were trying to slip Virough to harry Allied shipping around Anlio, in Italy. Allied headquarters said some submarines already were active there, and the Ger mans have claimed sinkings of transports and warships at or near the beachhead. During two nights of this 11 day period, three large Allied convoys passed through the Straits without interference, a joint Admiralty and Air Min istry communique said. MARSHALL ISLES POUNDED BY U. S. Four Atolls, And Island In Carolines Are Blasted By Navy WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—(IP)— Army bombing planes struck at Kusaie in the Carolines island on Friday while Army and Navy planes teamed up for an attack^n four atolls in the Marshall is lands, the Navy reported tonight. Army Liberators from the Sev enth Air Force bombed docks and shipping at Kusaie, Japanese stronghold in the eastern Carolines and sank one small ship. Army Warhawks and Navy Ven tur and Liberator bombing planes pounded ground installations, an air field and a radio station in the Marshall island raids, the Na vy said irn «n announcement re leased in Washington and Pearl Harbor simultaneously. The atolls hit in the Marshalls were not identified, in line with the Navy policy of keeping the Japanese high command in the dark on operations in the Mar shalls. None of our planes were lost in the attacks. The text of the Na vy’s announcement: “Aircraft of the Seventh Army Airforce and Navy search planes of Fleet Airwing Two continue bombing attacks on enemy posi tions in the Marshall and Caroline islands during Feb. 18 (West Long itude Date). “Army Liberators bombed docks and shipping at Kusaie, sinking a small ship. “Army Warhawks and Navy Ventura and Liberator search planes attacked four Marshall at olls, scoring hits on ground in stallations, an airfield and a ra dio station. “None of our planes was lost ” -V Montreal Transit Strike Continues MONTREAL, Feb. 20. _ (JP) _ Montreal tramways official said tonight that their employees were taking all cars bacx to the barns after a brief interval of work fol lowing a 30-hour strike. The tramway officials said they ‘ understood” the trouble was the same as that which brought about the strike of 4,000 street car and bus operators Friday night and Saturday — refusal of Canadian Congress of Labor men to work on the same trams as American Federation of Labor men. -V VFW MEET SET CHARLOTTE, Feb. 20. — (JP) — June 3-4 were selected today as the dates for the nanual encamp ment of the NorTi Carolina De partment of Veterans of Foreign Wars and its auxiliary in Ashe I’ille. Solon Suggests Raising Draft Age To Slow Induction Of Pre-War Dads WASHINGTON, Feb. 20— W) — Chairman May (D-Ky) of the House Military Committee sug gested today that the existing top °j, 38 years on the draft be rais ed "a few more years.” At the same time he told report ers that his committee would ”evec approve legislation to low er the minimum draft age from 18 to 17. May advocated raising of trie r,P limit as a means of slowing fath" the drafting of pre - war He said he had noticed a move ment in some newspapers and among some members of Con Sress in behalf of legislation to permit the armed services to draft 17-year-olds, with the understand ing they would not be sent into combat until they were at least 18. “The Army hasn’t asked for it,” he said, “and 1 doubt if they will. When they asked us to low er the draft age to 18, and we did it, they assured us that would care for the situation.” Seventeen - year-old boys, May contended, "are not old enough to be drafted, and if 1 had my way about it, the Army would be pro hibited from sending the 18-year olds into combar until they had at least a year of training in this country.” “There are a lot of men be tween 38 and 45 who could be / used for limited service and who could replace men already in for co-/ibat duty,” he declared. “The Selective Service law permits the induction of men up to 45, but the President has by order fixed the top at 38. There is no reason why he cannot raise it a few more years.” Gen. George C. Marshall has 1 said the Army does not want men , over 38 because experience has demonstrated that generally they , can not measure up to the hard- , ships of military life. “I think it is better to take a 42-year-old bachelor than e 37 year-old father," May comment ed. r. FDR Clinches Reports On Veto Tax Bill day passes (A ^lident May Permit Mea Jr sure To Become Law Without Signature WASHINGTON, Feb. 20.—— President Roosevelt has all but clinched reports that he will veto the tax bill, by letting pass without action the last day on which he could have signed it for prompt use of its new levies. His final chance to approve the measure in time to make some $85,000,000 per month in excise lev ies applicable to March business vanished with the coming of to day. The proposed taxes would ap ply on transactipns in the first month beginning ten days or more after they become law. The President could, of course, merely permit the measure to be come law without his signature, perhaps with a statement of dis approval as was done with one revenue measure earlier in his administration. But Mr. Roose velt’s news conference comment Friday that he will send the $2, 315,000,000 bill back to Congress Monday or Tuesday very nearly closed that door. There would be no occasion, as such affairs usual ly are handled, for sending back a .bill that was to become law without his name on it. The indications of a tax veto point up a divergence between the President and a large group in Congress which has grown so wide that it prompted Senator Vanden berg (R-Mich) to accuse Mr. Roosevelt of ‘‘running for re-elec tion on an anti-Congress plat form.” Vandenberg pointed out that the President already has vetoed the anti-subsidy bill and called the House-supported plan for service men’s voting a “fraud.” “I do not know whether the President will finally veto the tax bill or not,” Vandenberg said. “If he does, it will be for political rea sons.” Senator Taft (R-O) joined in Vandenberg’s characterization of any tax veto as political, and said it would be “foolish” as well. The administration has asked for $10, 500,000,000, almost five times as much as the bill is expected to furnish. Rep. Knutson (R-Minn) in a radio speech called presidential criticism of the tax bill ‘‘ill found ed and unwarranted.” He said that “it took no courage” for the Pres ident to send his heavy-tax propos (Continued on Page Six; Col. 6) -V_ WAR PRISONERS READY FOR WORK RALEIGH, Feb. 20. —(A>)—More than half of the 2,100 prisoners of war interned in North Carolina military camps will begin work for private employers within the next few weeks, Dr. J. S. Dorton, director of the War Manpower Commission in North Carolina said today. Dr Norton said a rfecent Army order released the prsioners for certain types of private employ ment. leaving approximately half ihe total number to remain in camp for camp chores. The North Carolina WMC must approve a certificate of need of war prison er labor before prisoners can be secured. Applications for the prisoner la bor and information relating to the type of work the prisoners are allowed to perform may be se (Continued on Page Six; Col. 5) _v_I MIGHTY NEW WAR SHIP 1 MUNCHED PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 20.—(A3) A new light cruiser, the Okla homa City, joined the nation’s fast-expanding navy today — first fighting craft to bear the name ot +he Sooner State capital. And a few minutes after her yellow hull hit the Delaware ri ver at the Cramp Shipbuilding company yards with sirens scream ing and a crowd of nearly 10,000 shipyard workers and guests cheer ing, the keel of a sister ship, the Galveston, was laid without cere mony in the same shipway. Smiling, white-haired Mrs. An ion H. Classen smashed a bot*le cf champagne across the Oklaho ma City’s sharp prow, -the Navy laving gently vetoed her sugges- ■ tion that water be used for the christening in honor of her native city’s new water system. Recalling that cruisers were “the backbone” of the force which prevented Japanese ships from (Continued on Page Two; Col. 8) --— ' ■ 1 — ■ ■ ■■ ■ I I Pattern Of War In The March Against Japan Solid arrow from Hawaiian islands, represents cific bagtion which marks wane of Jap-domination to the Philippines. Open arrows indicate threats to Arthur, in India, and the Aleutians. Black area is U. S. Navy attack on Truk, Japan’s Southwest Pa in" waters extending westward to Asia, and north Japan's heartland from forces under General Mac controlled by Japan. (Ap wirephoto). Nazi Plants, Deep In Europe,! Blasted By 2,000 Allied Planes NAVAL HEAD FOR INVASION NAMED Kirk Is Made Task Force Commander; Charlotte Man Also Revealed WASHINGTON, Feb. 20— OP) — The Navy tonight disclosed furth er details in the plans for the Eu ropean invasion with announce ment that Rear Admiral Alan Goodrich Kirk has been named commander of the United States task force operating as part of the combined Naval force in Eng land. Also assigned to command of units of the task force are Rear Admiral John Lessle Hall. Jr., and Rear Admiral John Wilkes. Admiral Harold R. Stark is commander of all United States Naval forces in the United King dom area. The Allied commander in chief Naval forces for the western the atre is Sir Bertram Ramsay. Kirk, a veteran *of 35 years in the Navy, 21 of which have been at sea or in foreign service, was in Great Britain three months be fore the outbreak of the Euro pean war. After the beginning of the conflict he had the opportunity to see the British fleet in action and to view the operation of the British shore establishments. Born at Philadelphia in 1888, Kirk was commissioned in the Navy and immediately began his service at sea and abroad. His tours of duty included service in the far east aboard American gun boats in Chinese waters and with the Asiatic fleet. He has specializ ed in Naval gunnery. Last year Kirk was awarded the Legion of Merit for the “excellence of detail and training operations” of the Naval task force which was on hand for the North African landings. His home is at Black Point, Conn. (Continued on Pa,ge Six; Col. 2) r - -— - i LONDON, Monday, Feb. 21.—UP) —A gigantic Allied force of 2,000 planes, in the greatest single aerial assault of the war, attacked Hit ler’s fighter plane plants deep in Germany yesterday, crippling Nazi opposition to the coming invasion. German fighter plane factories at Leipzig, Gotha, Bernburg, Os chersleben, Brunswick and Halber stadt were hit, along with other undisclosed targets in Germany in a mission officially described as “the largest, most important and most habardous operation ever un dertaken.” In Washington, Gen. H. H. Arn old, commanding general of the Army Air Forces, estimated last night that the rain of fire and steel dropped by the U. S. Fortres ses and Liberators knocked out 25 (Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) RABAULSUFFERS 123-TON ASSADLT By The Associated Press American airmen heaped new destruction on Rabaul Friday Gen. Douglas MacArthur announc ed today with a 123-ton bombing assault. Thirteen Japanese planes were shot down. We lost none. American ground forces con niued their campaign for Eniwe tok atoll, westernmost enemy gase in the Marshall islands. Already, Marines have captured Engebi island and its valuable mile-long airfield. On the Arakan front in Burma, where Japanese guerilla forces broke through British rearguard positions to threaten Allied supply lines, a Southeast Asia Headquar ters announcement said the enemy is being pounded into submission but severe fighting continues. "During the last 48 hours, the main Japanese force on the Ara kan front has been showing some signs of becoming uncoordinated in the face of continous and de termined fighting and the growing pressure of our troops,” the an nouncement said. j GREAT ASSAULTS ON TOKYO SEEN Doolittle Predicts More B1 ows On Japanese Capital City LONDON, Monday Feb. 21—(P— Maj. Gen. James H. Doolitte, who led the American raid on Tokyo in 1942, today perdicted greater Al lied assaults on the Japanese capi tal “in the shortest possible time.” but indicated agreement in the Al lied high command that “Hitler must be finished first.” At the same time he disclosed the Eighth U. S. Air Force, which he is assigned to command in the western European invasion, flew over 19,000 sorties and dropped 15, 000 tons of bombs on enemy tar gets in the past 30 days. “We are going back to Tokyo— and we shall go in full array and with mighty Allies,” said the man who led a formation of American Mitchells from the carrier Hornet or. the historic flight of April 18, 1942 to bomb Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Kobe and Nagoya. “British civil and military lead ers have told me how fully they share our determination to carry the war to the very heart of Ja pan in the shortest possible time,” he declared in a speech prepared for broadcast to the United States marking the addition of a new car rier to the United States Navy. The old Horaett was sunk by American guns when she was dam aged beyond salvage in the battle of Santa Cruz islands in October, 1942. The new carrier is christen (Continued on Page Six; Col. 2) ■\T_ COMEDIAN’S WIFE EXPECTING CHILD HOLLYWOOD, Feb. 20.—UP)— Oona O’Neill, 18-year-old bride of Charlie Chaplin, said today she is expecting a child next August. No comment beyond that an nouncement was forthcoming from Miss O’Neill, daughter of Play wright Eugene O’Neill, or from Chaplin, who is booked for a dou ble bill in the courts this week. The film comedian-producer and Miss O’Neill were married in San ta Barbara, Calif., last June 13. Chaplin, 54 and four times wed, has two sons, Sydney and Charles, Jr., both by his second wife, Lita Grey Chaplin. Tomorrow the screen’s famous pantomimist is to appear in U. S. Judge J. F. T. O’Connor’s court in Los Angeles for arraignment on charges of violating the Mann Act and conspiring with six other per (Continued on Page Six; Col. 7) Famed U. S. Cargo Vessel Is Back In Her Home Port Unconquered by a submarine at tack, bomb hits and flames which raged for 68 hours in her hold alongside 6,500 tons of high octane gasoline, the Liberty ship S. S. James Iredell, built in the yard of the North Carolina Shipbuilding company, is back in a home port preparing for another go at the Axis, according to a report on her part in the war received Sunday from the War Shipping Adminis tration. Her escape from destruction is regarded as additional proof of the sturdy design and construction of these “workhorses of the seas” which are lifelines of our fighting forces overseas, the announcement said. Under command of Captain Al fred L. Jones of Mobile, Ala., the S. S. Iredell sailed in convoy for the Mediterranean some weeks ago with a vital war cargo. A shadow of things to come fell soon after Gibraltar was cleared. U boats attacked the convoy. A ship filled with high explosives, which was sailing just ahead of the Lib erty ship, was blown out of the (Continued on Page Six; Col. 7) IN TRUK ASSAULT U. S. Suffered Only One Ship Damaged, 17 Planes Lost In Raid U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD. QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Feb, 20.—<JP)—The U. S. Pacific fleet lias sunk 19 Japanese ships, de stroyed 201 enemy planes and wrought other heavy damage at the Nipponese island bastion of Truk in “partial settlement” fop Pearl Harbor. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Pa cific fleet commander, today lift ed the five-day silence cloaking the attack against Japan’s own “Pearl Harbor” and disclosed in a com munique that the great thrust was carried out at a cost of one ship damaged and 17 planes lost. Great as was the devastation at the enemy’s Central Pacific fortress, Admiral Nimitz did not consider it • full payment for the Japanese sneak attack on De cember 7, 1941, when 18 Ameri can warships and 177 planes were knocked out at Pearl Harbor and more than 3,000 persons killed and missing. Apparently American forces made no landing at Truk, as was reported by the Tokyo radio. Ad* rnirgl Nimitz made no mention of any such operation. Instead, nis communique indicated, it was a sort of merry-go-round attack by hundreds of carrier planes, each of which struck repeatedly after Japanese aerial opposition had been knocked out early in the fight. Significantly, Nimitz reported the initial approach of the U. S. forces was not detected, and ‘there was no enemy air oppo* sition on the second day of the at* tack.” These ships were listed as sunk at Truk: : Two light cruisers, three tlestroy. ers, one ammunition ship, one seaplane tender, two oilers, two gunboats and eight cargo ships. Listed as hit and probably sunk were: One cruiser or large de stroyer, two oilers and four cargo ships. Failure to mention capital ships in the communique possibly indi cated the Japanese had withdrawn tneir heavy naval units from Truk. A reconnaissance flight over Truk p'eb. 4 by two Liberators revealed at least two carriers were anchor ed in the Truk lagoon. Our carrier-based planes shot down 127 enemy planes and de stroyed 74 on the ground. More than 50 others were probably de stroyed aground. The admiral s simple statement that there was “no air opposition” on the second day of the raid testifies to the terrific toll taken (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) _\r_ PEARL HARBOR, TRUK COMPARED WASHINGTON, Feb. 20— UPI — Here is how the American Navy’s blasting of Truk achieved what Admiral Chester W. Nimitz term ed “a partial settlement of the debt” to the Japanese for the Pearl Harbor raid on Dec. 7, 1941. American losses at Pearl Harbor included destruction of 177 planes, the sinking of three destroyers and two battleships and damag ing of six oiher battleships, three cruisers, one minelayer, one sea plane tender and one repair ship. All warships except the Arizona have been restored to service. At the enemy’s own “Pearl Harbor” of Truk the Japanese lost 201 planes and at least 19 ships including two light criusers, three destroyers, one ammunition ship, one seaplane tender, two oilers, two gunboats and eight car go ships. In addition, seven other enemy ships were hit and probably sunk including a cruiser or large de stroyer, two oilers and four car go ships. HMS Jarvis, Famed British Destroyer, Now Reported Lost LONDON, Feb. 20 —(iP>—The Ad miralty tonight announced the los* of the destroyer Janus, one of the veteran British warships of the Mediterranean war. The communi que gave no details. The Janus, along with the Jer vis, Mohawk and Nubian, all de stroyers, figured in a raid on an Axis convoy bound for Tripoli in May, 1941 in which five enemy merchantmen and 'hree Italian warships were wiped out. The Mo hawk was lost in that action.