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VOL. 77.—NO. 100 __WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1944 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867 Roosevelt Backers Add 104Delegates In Four Contests 677 VOTES COUNTED President’s Total Pushed Far Above Required Majority Of 589 B, D. HAROLD OLIVER Associated Press Staff Writer New Jersey and California Dem its put 86 more delegates ir President Roosevelt’s column in n‘-arv voting yesterday and rusted his total far above the re quired majority for another nom f;?tion two months in advance of th" party’s natimal convention. just for good measure, party jeecrws counted eight more for the p'Vsider.t from Delaware and ten fron- Kontana. and Delaware par t;sVns heard Senator Tunnel (D p.u call for the "forced indue it,« TT-v-orMiiixriJ +0 stand for a fourth term, The four states, including New Jersey's 34 and California’s 52, added 104 to the Roosevelt pledg*' and claimed delegate strength and brought his total to 677, with only 589 needed. Four years ago at this time he lacked 67 for a third nom ination. but fewer delegates had been chosen then. Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, of New York, appeared assured of New Jersey's 35 GOP delegates elected in another primary yesterday, while California Republicans put their favorite son into the presi dential picture by choosing 50 del egates nominally pledged to Gov. Earl Warren, GOP convention key noter. Dewey's total pledged and claim ed delegates for the Republican presidential nomination thus climb ed to 311, including eight picked in Montana. The Republican nominating majority is 530. While it is unlikely the New Yorker will have enough pledges and delegates otherwise support ing him, before the national con vention opens June 26, a mathe matical possibility exists. Penn sylvania’s uninstructed delegation with strong Dewey leanings re ported by state leaders and 173 GOP delegates remain to be se lected in conventions. California's delegate elections were without contest in either par (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) TIDEWATER NAMED IN S§000 SUIT A suit for $40,000 damages a\d $300 expenses was filed against the Tidewater Power Company here Tuesday by L. R. Blake, father of Leroy Hill Blake, who died last February 27 of asphyxiation. The cmoplaint state that on Feb. 26, 1944 Leroy Blake, 'six teen-year-old high school student, accompanied Louis Freshwater to a movie in Wilmington. After the movie, they returned to the Fresh water home in 168 Colonial Village, east of the city limits, to spend the night. They occupied a room with Henry Southerland and re tired about 11 p.m. The three boys and Mr. and Mrs. John Freshwater were found about noon the following day in an unconscious condition by a friend of the family, George T. Gray, who reported that the house was filled wi*h gas. All were rush ed to James Walker Hospi tal and treated for asphyxiation but Leroy died early in the after noon. According to the complaint, at about 9 a. m. Billy Venters, Star News delivery boy, noticed the smell of psc rocifTpnpe anc someone called Tidewater com pany. An agent of the companj is reported to have visited the home to turn off the gas but failed te ev.er the home and arouse the occupants. It is' also alleged the (Continued on Page Eight; Col. 2] Suspension Of Rev. Orlemanski Lifted By Rev. O’Learj •SPRINGFIELD, Mass., May 16 -(dPj—Upon receipt of a letter o apology, Most Rev. Thomas H. O’ Leary, bishop of Springfield, toda; •fted the four-day suspension o Lev. Stanislaus Orlemanski, Cath p- c priest who gained headlines b; h:s visit with Marshal Stalin re cently. Fr. Orlemanski, who was sus Pended by Bishop O’Leary on hi *''rival last Saturday from Moscow *or leaving his parish without per P ission, still was under a doctor’ Cire when lifting of the suspen *'°n was announced. He has been ordered to remai ,r bed several days by his physi Clan. Dr. William C. Kotarski, wh ~ Ported the priest as being “o Uie verge of a complete physics end mental breakdown.” ★-■ Downey’s Name On Both Tickets By PAUL MILLER Chief of the Associated Press Washington Bureau SAN FRANCISCO, May 16. — Light voting was indicated in ear ly reports tonight from a Califor nia statewide primary marked by Democratic Senator Sheridan Dow ney’s bid for renomination on both major party tickets. Preliminary estimates placed the total vote at less than 50 per cent of the 3,370,878 registrants. Downey had been given a good chance generally to win the Dem ocratic nomination but little of clinching reelection by taking the Republican also. Besides the senatorial contest, with most other candidates like wise running on both tickets as California law permits, country wide interest centered in the se lection of national party conten tion delegates and nomination of 23 congressmen. Democrats selected 56 national convention delegates pledged to President Roosevelt for a fourth term. Republicans named 50 pledged to Gov. Earl Warren as a favorite son candidate. There was no contest on either ticket and no write-in voting. armyTnavy/wsa BUDGET REDUCED Slice Said Due To Fact Losses Of Equipment Have Been Low WASHINGTON. May 16 —iff)— President Roosevelt reported 4oday Navy and War Shipping Admini stration for the new fiscal year has been cut $8,400,000,000 under Janu ary estimates, chiefly because losses of equipment and weapons to submarines and in battle have been less than anticipated. He told a news conference the over-all war budget for the 12 months beginning next July 1 now stands at $85,700,000,000 compared with a January preliminary esti mate of $90,500,000,000 and this fis cal year’s $92,900,000,000. The present figure for the new year represents a $4,800,000,000 net reduction from the January esti mate with the $8,400,000,000 cut for the Army, Navy and War Ship ping Administration offset in part by addition of $3,500,000,000 for lend - lease and $100,000,000 for other war activities. Roughly, the Army -Navy -War Shipping reduction is 10 percent of the January estimates for them. Mr. Roosevelt remarked that they _J rtn n_j_r _ r _ ku.w jjv,n,vin, uj. uv^iux nai outlay with the remaining 1.4 per cent providing for the emergency war agencies, such as the War production Board and Officer of Price Administration, and war de tivities of regular government de partments. The revised figures trimmed the Navy’s budget $4,400,000,000, the Army’s $3,000,000,000, and the war Shipping Administration’s $1,000, 000,000. Mr. Roosevelt 'explained that the January figures were based on es timates of what would be required to carry out the strategic decisions (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) TAX BILL OKAYED BY SENATE CROUP WASHINGTON, May 16—(JV-The streamliner income tax bill ad vanced another step toward final congressional approval today while a movement to reduce the tax on night clubs bumped into Treasury opposition. The income tax simplification bill, directing LIAct L U1U.1C uam J.X& ure the taxes of about 30,000,000 wage and calary earners and pro viding a less complicated return for other taxpayers, received unan imous approval of the Senate Fi ■ nance Committee. Chairman E George D-GA( said he would call ' it up in the Senate Friday and r predicted speedy passage. It then C will go back to the House for ac ' tion on technical changes made by r the Senate committee. The Treasury’s opposition to lowering the night club tax at this time wae made known in a letter 5 to the House Ways and Means 1 Committee, which is considering a I proposal by Rep. Knutson (R . Minn) to cut it to 10 percent. The tax was raised from 5 to 30 3 percent on April 1, and Knutson said that as a result night club 3 business had fallen off, causing i hundreds of entertainers to lose 1 their jobs and threatening many clubs with bankruptcy. English Town Hit In Force By The Nazis GERMANS ARE WARNEDI British - Based Allied Squadrons Repor' Quiet During Day :■ By The Associated Press A heavy force of German planes attacked Portsmouth, English south coast port, early today, the Ber lin radio announced in a broadcast recorded by NBC. The Nazi raiders were reported over the city nearly a half hour. No announcement of the attack has come from England, which had undergone German raids on the two preceding nights. uermans Warned LONDON, Wednesday, May 17.— (.P)—Germans were warned of night air raiders by the Berlin radio at midnight after a day in which Bri hsh-based Allied squadrons were idle. Indicating the RAF was return ing to the pre-invasion attack, a Nazi broadcast to the Reich said: “Several nuisance raiders are ap proaching northwest Germany and Schleswig-Holstein.” The daylight pause in Allied air activity came after Hitler’s Eu- • rope had been rocked by a month long aerial offensive which drew 1 retaliatory raids on England by the J German air force Sunday and Monday nights. A few RAF planes carried out “intruder” operations during the day, scudding all the way to the Baltic, and a Swedish communique ] said one two-man craft had crash ed into the sea off Skane after being hit by Swedish anti-aircraft. The Canadian pilot of a Mosqui to. Charlie Scherf of Edmonton, Alta., shot down five German planes in a quick sweep to Stettin. ' He also damaged a bomber on the i (Continued on Page Eight; Col. t) ! 317 MEN TOGO i TO BRAGG TODAY1 _ i Three hundred and seventeen 1 men, ages 18 through 26, will re- j port to Fort Bragg today for pre- ^ induction examinations, officials of City Draft Board No. 1 an- j nounced yesterday. Seventy-five per cent of this group will consist of shipyard em- 1 nlnsTArt iitVi a Viotta Via J 1 ■ t in the past, but due to age their j deferments are no longer recogniz- i ed. ( The following men will meet at i the county court house this morn- 1 ing at 7:30 o’clock and leave for their pre-induction examination i station: i Clarence Borner Hardee, Edwin 1 Holt Hughes, Clarence Currie Cal- 1 houn, Alton Collie, Albert Owen • Cliff, Emer Sutton Whitfield, Earl 1 Edward Williams, Jay Gilbert ' Carter, Jr., Avon Haywood Rowan, 1 William F. Mcllwain, Jr., Robert Nixon Taylor Cecil Joyce Brown, William Curtis Auld, Frank Eugen Montgomery, Julius Clyde Fair cloth, William Joseph Montfort, Robert Leonard, Robert Graham Robinson, William Hyrne Loper. Douglas Linwood Pridgen, Jr., James Bertrand Chadwick, Hildan Penn Clark, Henry Harrell, Jr., John Hamilton Hull, Golden Thorn- ; ton, Marion Thomas Mason, Gor don Alfred Boswell, Julious James ] Rick, Harry Wiliam Stutzenberg, Marion Franklin Tatum, Clyde Douglas Rowe, Norman Walter Bond, John Lee Garbade, Bemja min N. Brown, James Braddick Allen. Jack Wilder Fredere, John Clif ford Williams, Samuel Thomas Rhodes, Jimmie Driver Williams, Edward Carwell Flora, Platt Walker Davis, Dennis Lite El more, Drewery Jefferson Bridges, Oliver Ezekel Brown, Jr., Leon ■ Somersett, Otto Joseph Harper, Clyde Norman Newman, Charlie Mayo Simmons, Cleve Felix But ler, John Marshall Taylor, Wil liam Francis Merck, Charles Dud ley Norrill, Walton Vance Bull tezegar, Wade Jefferson Ward, <Continued on Page Two; Col. 5) -V Checkup Made On AH American Soldiers Stationed In Britain LONDON, Wednesday, May 17 ■ —W—A mass checkup on every man wearing the United States Army uniform in Britain waj com pleted at midnight. All units, except those in transit were confined to barracks for the previous 24 hours while credentials were scrutinized. Military police in'London and elsewhere moved through streets demanding identification of both officers and enlisted men. The move was seen both as a security measure and as a double check against absentees and de serters. French Threaten To Outflank Germans’ Entire Gustav Line; ^Chinese Drive Gains Momentum g /imen Ready L)-DayShow SUPREME HEADQUAR TERS. Allied Expeditionary Forces, England, May 16.—(£>) —They’re putting up the big scale battlemaps on the newly painted walls of the long con ference room of invasion press headquarters—and if the Ger man command could look them over, they’d be just as worried as they are now and not one bit better informed. They show all of Europe in equal scale—from the North Cape to the Peloponnesus. That was the scope of the concentric attack which the in vasion will round out in pat tern with the Italian drive and the great Russian front. The maps show every German po tential target, every mile of Nazi-held territory and poten tial objective. But wherever the Allied press officer’s pointer touches in the first announcement of Continued on Page Eight; Col. 2) -V mm nuw m ‘BIGGEST FLEET’ 'Javy Has More Than 1, 200 Ships In Service, Admiral Says LOS ANGELES, May 16—(A^— [■h Navy now has more than 1,20( ighting ships in the world’s big ;est fleet. This was disclosed tonight in ar iddress by Rear- Admiral E. L loehrane, chief of the bureau ol hips, prepared for a meeting o: he National Association of Manu acturers, here. Four years ago, Cochrane Said, mr fighting fleet consisted approx imately 380 units. “Up to the first of this year,” le reported, 'we had added to the feet more than 760 fighting ships . In the first four months o: his year alone, we delivered nc ess than 185 combatant ships.” Taking Cochrane’s approximate igures, the total number of ships n the fleet during the four yeai leriod would be 1,325, from which 2 combatant ships sunk, overdue >r destroyed to prevent capture v'ould be substracted, to give a ne1 otal of 1,243.) Turning to the postwar prospects or the Navy, Cochrane said the nternational commitments of the Jnited States would decide the lumber of ships to be retained ir ictive service and the extent tc vhich a continuing program of ship :onstruction would be carried on ind influence the disposition of th-; [Continued on Page Two; Col. 8 CHANGES WANTED IN OPA MEASURE WASHINGTON, May 16 — UP) - rour national farm organization: :alled tonight for changes in the nice control law which would au thorize organizations as well a: ndividual sellers to challenge pric< :eilings in the courts. In a joint statement, the farrr groups sharply criticized adminis ;ration of the law, asserting tha he Office of Price Admini stration often was “arbitrary an( lictatorial,” and acted contrary t< ;he intent of Congress. Asking that organizations be al owed to contest ceiling prices, the ;tatement said: “Few farmers, for example lave the means or the time to op pose OPA actions in the court: md at the present time thei: organizations, formed for purpose if protection, cannot come to thei lefense.” The statement was signed by th American Farm Bureau Federa ion, of the National Grande, the National Council of Farmer Coope atives and the National Coopera ive Milk Producers’ Federation. The group endorsed a series o amendments offered by Senato Wherry (R.-NEB.). Legislation ti extend the price control law be pond June 30 is pending in com nittes of the Senate and the nouse. YESTERDAY’S RESULTS National League Boston 1; Cincinnati 0. Chicago 7; Brooklyn 6. New York at Pittsburgh (ppd.) American League Chicago 10; New York 4. Philadelphia 4; Detroit 3. St. Louis 7; Boston 3. Washington 3; Cleveland 2. FIGHTING IS RAGING Jap Hold On Key Rail Line Is Further Loosened By Chinese Troops BY RAY CRONIN Associated Press War Editor The surprise Chinese offensive from Yunnan province toward Burma was pictured by official Chungking advices yesterday as gaining momentum while far to the north fierce fightin raged around Loyang in the Honan sec tor. In the latter area the Chinese further loosened the Japanese hold on the north-south Peiping-Hankow to press westward toward the gate way to China’s great north-west. Thrust Repulsed The Southeast Asia Allied Com mand anounced repulse of a new Japanese thrust close to the bor der of India as British forces pressed their mopping up cam paign in the Kohima frontier re gion. Inside Burma American-trained Chinese troops maintained steady progress down the Mogaung valley. Thta f’Vlinora +_ _ across the Salween River in part of a coordinated Allied drive to reopen a land supply line between several strategic points and hit through Mamien pass, about 150 miles from tile Allies forces they seek to join in Burma. “Miserable Failure” While the Japanese radio claim ed the Salween drive was a “miserable failure,” Chungking re ported further advances Informa ' tion from the Chinese high com mand carried a suggestion that the Chinese were developing a pin cer maneuver against the Japa nese - held section of the Burma road. The Chinese drove through dif ficult mountainous terrain at a time when 100,000 Japanese troops in Burma were tied down on other fronts. They were supported by planes and American tactical ad visers. In Burma American -trained Chinese force? of Lt. Gen. Joseph : Stilwell’s command drove south ward from the Manpin area to ward the Kamaing Japanese base. Others smashed Japanese pockets of resistance near Warong, north east of Manpin. Airborne Allied (Continued on Page Eight Col. 3) -V FIA VWV « w*. m a>_ rUKtmtN WAKntU BY LABOR BOARD WASHINGTON, May 16.— (JR_ The War Labor Board called to day for a showdown on the fore men’s strike at war plants in the Detroit area, which Undersecre tary of War Patterson described as potentially the most serious walkout of the war in its effect on combat aircraft production. Shortly after the undersecretary had expressed his fears at a news conference, the WLB summoned the president and the 10-man exec utive hoard of the Foreman’s As sociation of America to a public ; hearing at 10 a.m. tomorrow ”to . show cause why the board should not immediately take all steps ; necessary to invoke the sanctions . and penalties provided by the WAR Labor Disputes Act and the exe cutive orders of the President.” Civil suits for damages constitute the only penalty of the act so long as the struck plants remain in | private hands. If the government i seized them, criminal action might be taken against any person en . couraging a strike. . Patterson told reporters that parts and sub-assemblies for al most all army planes are manu factured in the 13 plants affected, ; and the Packard Motor Car Com • pany plant which closed Friday is ; the only source of engines for the : P-51 Mustang long-range fighters. The strike began three weeks > ago as the foremen sought recogni ■ tion of their independent union. It has continued despite a WLB di . rective calling on them to return to their jobs yesterday. —-V [ Rickenbacker Claims > EAL To Give Hourly Service To Charlotte CHARLOTTE, May 16—UP)—Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker, president of Eastern Air Line?, said here today his company planned to provide Charlotte with hourly transport plane service as soon as war con ditions permit the acquisition of necessary equipment and the mak ing of other arrangements. Rickenbacker made his an nouncement in an interview with the Charlotte News shortly before he addressed a luncheon meeting of business men. 5 ----- “Missing In Action,” Soldier Returns * This fond embrace shows how happy Mrs. Opal Mammos was in welcoming her son. Sgt. Harold Mammos, back home in Atlanta, Ga., on Mother’s Day. Last April 25 she was notified he was missing in action after his plane was shot down over Europe. Friday night be fore Mother’s Day, she answered her front door bell — and was greeted by her son. She had heard nothing from him since the War Department had notified her he waS missing. Agreements With Exiled Nations Made By Allies By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WAS/IINGTON, May 16.—UP)—In pre-invasion announcements possibly hinting at the direction of Allied thrusts into Europe. Lon don and Washington today disclosed agreements with the exiled gov ernments of the Netherlands, Belgium and Norway for administra tion of the liberated homelands. * The agrements with Belgium and the Netherlands were signed by the United States and Britain. Russia expressed approval but did not participate in the arrange ments. She did, however, sign the agree ment with Norway. This raised the possibility that Russian forces striking across Finland might have a hand in wresting part of Nor way from Hitler’s control. North ern Norway adjoins Finland. The Dutch and Belgian agree ments were the first to be formal ly announced for western Europe and raised speculation that Anglo American invasion forces thrust ing out from the British Isles might strike directly into those ter ritories. No formal agreement has been announced between the Allied pow ers and the French national com (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) INDUCTEE TAKES BABY WITH HIM FORT SHERIDAN, 111., May 16 —(tf)—Albert Caponnetto, 29, report ed for induction into the army to day with an 11-month-old baby boy in his arms. “It’s all I can do,” h'e calmly told army officers, “my wife has had a spinal ailment since the baby was born last June and isn’t able to care for him.” ttU, a. chanc, said he did not ask for an extension of his six-month defer ment May 5 because he was in an essential industry and thought the new regulations would postpone his induction. Prior to reporting to Fort Sheri dan he made two trips to his draft board, he said, but the board re fused to delay his induction. This morning Caponetto and the baby, Albert Victor, reported for induction. Reluctantly handing the crying baby to two nurses, the father was sworn into the Army, while the child was placed temporarily in the station hospital. Following his induction Caponet to told Lt. Col. Eldon M. Senjem, commanding officer of the camp: “All I want is for the army to give me time to take care of my battle at home.” The officer immediately granted Caponetto a 24-hour pass to return the baby to Chicago, but warned the mechanic he must report back to Fort Sheridan tomorrow—minus the baby. NAZI-HELD CITY BOMBED BY REDS LONDON, Wednesday, May 17 —(#) —Soviet .Airmen heavily bombed the Nazi-held city of Po lotsk near the I atvian-Polish bor der Monday night, Moscow an nounced last night, continuing an aerial campaign against German communictions in the east similar to the Allied pre-invasion assaults from the west. There were "no essential changes” on the land front, said the broadcast Russian war bulletin. In the attack on Polotsk, which is on the Riga Rail line, "military stores and enemy trains on the lines^ at the junction were bombed,” the communique said. "Many fires were started. As a result of the bombing seven ex plosions, one of great force, occur red among the fires. All our planes returned to the base.” During the recent lull in land fighting, the Red Army airforce has been hammering German sea and land transportation in what both sides have said is a prelude to a large-scale Red army offen sive. A DNB military correspondent reported the Russians massing in the Lwow-Kowel and northern Ro (Continued on Page Two; Col. 6) Rommel Ends Inspection Of German Atlantic W all LONDON, May 16— IJPI — Nazi Field Marshal Erwin Rommel has completed what may be his last personal inspection of the German Atlantic wall, devoting his closest attention to Normandy and its Cherbourg peninsula, the Berlin radio said today. German dispatches to newspa pers of neutral Sweden said the Allies were expected to make their main assault against Normandy, directly across the channel from England, but to make many other invasions all the way from Norway to the Bay of Biscay. Among the possibilities discuss ed was a direct attack on Ger many’s dune - fringed northwest coast in a thrust toward Hamburg. In Eritain. newspaper readers studied press pictures showing massed U. S. tank and yoop land ing craft at British bases. Large k landing craft flying the Stars and Stripes were shown, captioned "Heady for invasion call.’’ Morning newspapers carred m picture of the cleared main tracks of one of the United Kingdom's chief railways showing its sidings jammed with more than-100 loco motives marked "Transportation Corps United States Army.” The caption said:” They are invasion engines, ready to be moved onto tlte main lines for the first stage of their journey to the continent." Also pictured was a great Ameri can tank convoy crossing an Eng lish country lane and the cgption described it as "one of the many thundering day and night from a base unnamed to a destination un known.” (Continued on Page Two; Col. 7) JWIFT ADVANCE MADE tazis Routed From First Line Of Hills Overlook ing Liri Valley ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Na. lies. May 16-Vengeful French roops, after smashing through up o eight miles in the center of the Hermans’ Gustave line, tonight hreatened to outflank the enemy's intire defense system guarding Hassino and the mouth of the Liri /alley leading to Rome. The swift French advance be :ween the Americans on the south and the British on the north al ready had rooted the Nazis from te first line of hills overlooking Hip T.iri VmIIpv anH h;iH pliminafpH one great advantage the enemy previously held—direct observation of all Allied movements across the lowland approaches. Dozen Towns Altogether the French and Amer ican forces of the Fifth Army cap tured at least a dozen towns and commanding heights between C'as sino and the sea. The British have thrown hun dreds of tanks across the Rapido River near Sant' Angels in readi ness for a direct smash into the Liri Valley, and this concentration of fast-moving armor would com plicate any enemy efforts at an or derly withdrawal from the Cassino area to avoid the French flanking attac. French Praised It was announced officially that Gen. Alphonse Juin's French, who have won the unqualified plaudits of their Allies since the offensive began last Thursday night, were forging on northward and west ward from their two latest points of advance—the town of San Gior gio, seven miles southwest of Cas sino, and 3,800-foot Monte Fam mera, four miles southwest of San Giorgio. American troops occupied the lofty German stronghold of Spigno, four miles from the Gulf of Gaeta, after a fierce fight on the ap proaches of the rubbled town, and were reported engaged in a hard struggle for Castellonorato, be tween Spigno and the coast. The most advanced American units seized Mount Cavita, about a mile southwest of Spigno, and captured an entire enemy artillery battery nf pipht cmn<5 thprp Infantry Withdrawing Front dispatches said there Vj*s evidence the Germans were with drawing their infantry from the American sector—poscibly back to the Adolf Hitler Line—and leaving artillery to fight a delaying action. Two captured Nazi artillerymen complained that their infantry “ran like hell.” An Allied communique said the advancing forces ‘maintained the impetus of their attack,” and the official count of German prisoners passed the 3.000 mark. The Nazi 71st division had bem badly chew ed u.p by the French, and a regi ment of the 44th division virtually destroyed. Allied casualtiec, on the other hand, have been 'less than we expected,” said a member of Gen. Sir Harold Alexander's staff. He warned that progress from now on would be slower and said the Hit ler line contained pre-fabricated steel pillboxes set in concrete. Cap ture of the road running from Au sonia couth to the coast will be of great help in supplying advanced French and American troops, he said. German prisoners pouring back along the dusty roads toward the Allied rear appeared to be younger than those taken earlier in the Italian fighting, and some obvious ly were bewildered by the great artillery barrage which preceded the Allied attack.