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iigpcr lUumuujum liinntutg mar i sag VOlTtt!—NO. 101 WILMINGTON, N. C., THURSDAY, MAY 18, 1944 FINAL EDITION ESTABLISHED 1867 Leaders Of Allied Drive In Italy This trio of Generals is directing the Allied assault in Italy, south of t'assino. (left to right) Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, command er-in-chief of the Mediterranean theater; Lt. Gsn. Mark W. Clark, commander of the Allied Fifth Army, and Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers, deputy theater commander-iin-chief. (AP Wirephoto.) LEND-LEASE ACT j! EXTENDED BY FR -7— L President Hails Plan As Symbol Of Allied Unity, Speeding Victory WASHINGTON, May 17 —W— President Roosevelt today signed the third extension of the lend lease act and hailed the program as the symbol of Allied unity which will hasten the day of victory. “Through lend-lease and reverse lend-lease,” the President said in a statement accompanying his ap proval. “the material resources and supplies of the United Na- ■ tions have been pooled for their most effective use against our common enemies. “This unity of strength, both in men and in resources, among the free peoples of the world, will bring complete and final victory. "That victory will come sooner and will cost less in lives and materials because >ve .have pooled our manpower and our material resources, as United Nations, to defeat the enemy.” The lend-lease administration said in its last report that the actual total of lend-lease opera tions was $21,000,000,000 (Billions) through January 31. Mr. Roosevelt’s statement de scribed lend-lease as “a powerful weapon working for the United States and the other United Nation against our common ene mies.” He reviewed the progress of the program from its inception in 1941 to the present and said: “The promise of ever-increasing help which the United States held forth to those who defied the Axis has been fulfilled. “In April, 1941, the first full month of the lend-lease program, we furnished aid valued at $28, 000.000. In the month of March, 1944, the lend-lease aid supplied amounted to $1,329,554,000 — al most as much as the aid rendered during the entire first year of lend-lease operations.” -V TENANT VICTOR IN EVICTION SUIT NEW YORK, May 17—(#>—A landlord who barred Mrs. Helen ^milling from a newly - rented tpartment when he learned she had a child was instructed by a court today to let them enter hut instead he changed the l°ch °ri the door to keep them out. Anthony Michaels, owner of the three - room, $50-a-month Bronx apartment, told reporters that Mrs. Zwilling and her son, Brian, two, could not occupy the prem ises “under any circumstances. ’ He said in court that she had Pot told him, in leasing the apart Pient. that she had a child. Describing Mich -.s’ stand as "outrageous,” .Municipal Court Justice William Lyman held the landlord had failed to show cause for barring her and issued an cr<3er entitling her to enter. Mrs. Zwilling, wife of an or che:‘ra musician who is on the Poaci. thereupon went to the apartment. but Michaels had mached there first. He changed the lock in the presence of re porters and left again before Mrs. Zv lling arrived. She said she would attempt to gain entry again tomorrow, ac companied by a city marshal. _ Also scheduled for tomorrow is t bearing on a complaint by Mrs. Z".riling that Michaels violated a •' 'c ’aw which makes it a mis' demeanor to refuse quar*ers to anyone solely on the ground that he has a child. S. C. DEMOCRATS HOLD CONVENTION Party Beats Back Attempt By Anti-Fourth Termers To Take Control BY D. HAROLD OLIVER Associated Press Staff Writer South Carolina Democrats beat back an attempt by avowed anti fourth termers to take control of their state convention yesterday but apparently decided to have a look at the national party platform and candidates before going much further. The anti-fourth term candidate for state chairman was defeated but the gathering named an un instructed delegation to cast 18 votes in the national convention starting in Chicago July 19, and took the, unprecedented action of calling state democrats into ses sion again August 2, two weeks after the national convention, to consider. Chicago actions. In Arkansas, the Democratic state committee chose another un instructed delegation with 20 votes. Vermont Republicans selected nine GOP delegates and adhered to tra dition by leaving them free as to presidential choice, although much sentiment for Gov. Thomas E. Dewey was reported. The South Carolina convention unanimously instructed its delega tion to fight in the platform com mittee at Chicago aginst por posals to abolish poll taxes. to oppose anti-lynching laws and interference with race segregation in csnnth. The effort by anti-fourth termers to wrest control of the South Caro lina convention from the regulars was defeated by 194 1-2 to 144 1-2 when Winchester Smith was re elected as state executive commit tee chairman over former Chief Justice Eugene S. Blease The convention rejected a re quest by the Progressive (Negro) Democratic party that Negroes be viven places on the 18-man dele gation. It also turned down a pe tition by a Negro citizens com mittee seeking participation in the summer party primaries. The “Progressive” Negro group had announced it would contest the seating of the all-white delegation at Chicago if denied representation. Arkansas’ selection of an unin structed delegation made it the fourth Southern state to take similar action. The party commit tee there had been expected to con continued on Page Ten; Col. 3) Ministry Students Granted Deferments By Draft Officials WASHINGTON, May 17 -A& Selective Service tonight authoriz ed the deferment of students pre uaring for the ministry regardless of whether they are attending theo logical or divinity schools. The revised regulation stipulates, however, that stuednts in other in stitutions must be under he direc tion of the specialized schools and pursuing a specific full time | course on an accelerated basis. Labor Rows Cause 28,000 To Be Idle FOREMEN END STRIP 4 ■ v Arnold Says Disputes Affect Invasion Opefo tions, Take Lives (By the Associated Press) Labor disputes in various parts of the nation left 28,000 men and women idle yesterday while lead ers of a foremen’s union decided to end strikes that have kept ap proximately 52,000 war workers awa;j from their jobs in the De troit area. The national executive board of the Foreman’s Association of America, independent organization that had sought recognition as a bargaining agent for supervisory employes in Detroit, directed of ficers of the six striking chapters io call meetings of their members “For he purpose of an immediate return to work.” Might Hurt Invasion The board acted after General H. H. Arnold, chief of the U. S. Army Air Forces, asserted ata Washington War Labor Board hearing that continuation of the controversy might affect invasion operations and might cost the lives of bombing crews through lack of sufficient fighter plane protection. The decision to call off the strikes of 3,300 members of the foremen’s association opened an avenue for the return to produc tion tasks of an estimated 52,000 workers who were off duty as a result of fthe foremen’s walkout. In addition to those affected by the foremen’s dispute, other labor difficulties in Michigan factories put 17,600 on the sidelines, and elsewhere in the country 10,400 were off duty. The Michigan idle included 11,500 at seven units of Chrysler Corp. in Detroit; 3,800 at Graham-Paige; I, 400 at General Motors’ Buick foundry at Flint; 400 in two de partments of the Chevrolet trans mission at Saginaw; and 500 at the Campbell, Wyant and Cannon Foundry at Muskegon. Approximately 3,000, represent ed by the Cio United Steel Workers, were out at the Harrison and Newark, N. J., plants of the Worthington Pump and Machinery Corp. in a dispute over retroactive pay. About 1,000 members of the United Auto Workers (CIO) were away from their posts at the Watson-Flagg machine company at Paterson, N. J. The unions de scribed both strikes as unauthori ed. SANFORD'PREVATT IS FOUND GUILTY Sanford Prevatt, charged with assault with a deadly weapon with serious injury with intent to kit for an attack on his wife, was found guilty in Criminal Courl Wednesday afternoon and sentenc ed to not less than seven years nor more than ten years to b« worked under the supervision oJ the State Highway and Public Works Commission. Jurors serving on the case were Lawrence Cox, T. E. Peterson, C W. Fulford, T. C. Jones, R- M Williams, Stone C. Pulliam, Wal ter Braswell. Austin Bordeaux, C H. Smith, W. E. Keen, C. J. Cun ningham and T. C. Clark. Levi Roberson, Negro, chargee with the murder of Arthur Me Cloud,' another Negro, during e card-game brawl, through hi: counsel, David Sinclair, tendered t< the state a plea of manslaughte] which the state Solicitor Cliftor Moore accepted. After hearing the evidence, it was adjudged by the court, Judge W. H- S. Burgwyi presiding, that Roberson be con fined to state prison for not les: than eight nor more than 10 yeaf: to be worked on the public roads Dewitt Hinson was found guilt; by the jury of operating an auti while under the influence of intoxi cants. He was allegedly involve! in an accident with damage to ; car driven by James McWatty Carolina Beach. Sentence was no passed immediately. At the close of evidence in th< case of Horace Tyler, charged wit] jack-peeping, the defendan through his counsels tendered t the state a plea of guilty of forci (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4 Germans Increase Resistance f. In Fighting Before Cassino; f//f U. S. Fliers Support Chinese $ g-* ^ €iest Honor t; ardedMarine WASHINGTON, May 17—(iP)— Marine Private Henry Gurke, who gave his life so a companion could continue to battle the Japa nese on Bougainville in the Solo mons, today was awarded post humously the nation’s highest decoration, the Congressional Me dal of Honor. Gurke, son of Mrs. Julius Gurke. of Neche, North Dakota, threw himself on a Japanese hand gre nade to protect a comrade who was operating an automatic wea poin in defense of a vital road block near the initial landing point at Empress Augusta Bay last November 9. “Concluding from the increased ferocity of grenade barrages that the enemy was determined to an nihilate their shallow two-man fox hole,” the Navy said, “he re sorted to a bold and desperate measure for holding out despite the torrential hail of shells. When a Jap grenade dropped squarely into the fox hole, Gurke, mindful that his companion manned an au tomatic weapon of superior fire power and therefore could provide more effective resistance, thrust him roughly aside and flung his own body over the missile to smother the explosion.” _v_ PAVING PROGRAM UNDERWAY E ConiDrehensive Plan For Fixing Sidewalks Is Instituted By City A comprehensive sidewalk pav ing program embracing all sections of the city was inaugurated by the city government yesterday. It is expected to take all summer to complete it. Acting City Manager James R. Benson announced that the con tract for the work had been award ed to James Donnelly, local con tractor, who was the lowest of three bidders, on a square yard basis. Mr. Benson said that sidewalks were in bad shape in all sections of the city, and that the city build ing inspection department was completing a survey to determine the locations of the paving to be undertaken. Cost of the project has not been determined, pending the comple tion of the survey. Work was started yesterday on the west side of econd St. between Chestnut and Grace Sts. in the rear of the Cape Fear Hotel. Only a portion of the sidewalk in the block is involved. Next on the list are part of the west side of Second St. between Dock and Orange Sts. near the USO club and the south side of Market St. from Third St. for one half block towards Second St. in (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 1) -V Blows To Hurl Japs From Stolen Territory Seen By Marine Head ! WASHINGTON, May 17 —OP)— Heavy new blows against the Japa * nese—possibly very soon—to hurl ; them back from stolen territory | were forecast tonight by Lt. Gen, Alexander a Vandegrift, comman , dant of the Marines. The general, who knows the Pa | cific from personal experience there with troops on Guadalcanal, on Bougainville and in other cam * paigns, gave no indication, of j course, of when and where the new blows? will be struck. But, he asserted definitely, that i the campaign against the Nippon ese will not be delayed by invasion , of Europe. In that he echoed other ' military leaders, among them Ad t miral Ernest J. King, navy .corn j mander in chief, who said months ago that plans were ready for in tensification of the Pacific cam i paign. JAPS NOW IN SPOT Nips Believed Developing Entrapment Loop In Loyang Sector BY RAY CRONIN Associated Press Pacific War Editor With American-trained Chines forces driving forward on three lorth Burma fronts yesterday the Japanese armies in that war dieater fround themselves in a spot diat was getting tougher every ninute. On the eve of the monsoon rains die Nipponese were being pushed jack by hard fighting Chinese who were heavily supported by Ameri can air forces. Picture Not Bright The picture on the other extfer nity of the Asiatic war one was anything but bright from the Allied viewpoint. In the bloody Honan sector of China. Japanese van guards appeared to be developing an entrapment loop for the Chinese forces battling furiously at Loyang. However, the Chinese strengthened their hold on a section of the north south Peiping-Hankow railway to the rear of the sector where the invaders appeared to be forming their trap. Optimism prevailed at Allied Southeast Asia Headquarters where a spokesman declared ap proach of the monsoon found the Japanese on the defensive general ly in the Indo-Burma region. Smashes Continue Two of Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stil well’s Chinese columns continued their smashes toward the enemy base at Kamaing. One was nine miles to the northeast; another 15 miles northwest the Chinese cut a main road leading to Kamaing as the Japanese battled “stub bornly.” The Chinese offensive from the Salween river area of Yunnan pro vince, coordinated with the Stilwel drives, was pressed through moun tainous terrain. At one point the Japanese were reported to be re sisting fiercely but the Chinese command said they were being en circled. Chungking announced cap ture of several additional towns. SEDITION TOAL NOW IN TURMOIL WASHINGTON. May 17 — (IP)— Punctuated by such shouted inter ruptions from the defendants as “that’s a damn lie.” the govern ment’s opening statement was given to the jury today in the trial of 27 men and two women accused of sedition. Chief Prosecutor O. Hohn Rogge told the jury, selected after more than four weeks of legal battling in U. S. District Court, that he would present evidence to show the defendants conspired with officials of the German government and leaders of the Nazi party in Ger many to cause insubordination in the American armed forces. Evidence also will be presented, he said, to show the defendants wanted to substitute a Nazi or Fascist form of government in the United States. “To bring about this Nazi revo lution,” he continued, “the defen dants intended to and did use the same methods that the Nazis had already successfully used in Ger (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 6) --V C. OF C. PROPOSES AUDITORIUM HERE Construction of a municipal au ditorium was made one of the ma jor objectives of the Chamber o: Commerce for the coming year a a meeting of the board of direc tors yesterday at which staggerec terms of office for the directors were selected. The board decided to gather ma terial on auditorium operations ii other cities and to obtain designs from several. The auditorium project, recogniz ed as a postwar one, was adoptee by the directors with a view ti giving all possible support to it ii the interest of having definiti plans for construction made so tha work on the building may start a the earliest possible moment. Fifteen members of the board o directors previously elected ha< their terms of office split under ; change in by-laws adopted at thi April meeting when approval wa: given to one, two and three yea: terms of office. The 15 drew fo terms yesterday. Those whose terms of office wil expire March 31, 1945, are; M. L (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4 "T Great German West Wall Is Mapped By The Allies LONDON, May 17—1^-The Ger man west wall has been mapped for invasion, gun-by-gun and mile by-mile, and has been found to be a buried fortress sunk in concrete and screened by minefields and barbed wire, it was disclosed to night. The secret map, made up of jig saw-fitting Allied reconnaissance photograpsh, provides Geri. Dwight D. Eisenhower and his command with details on the potential bat tlefields Where, the Paris radio commentator Paquis suggested to day, the decision probably will be reached this summer. Paquis said Gen. Eisenhower had massed 50 divisions and 80, 000 parachute troops in southerr England, that invasion craft filled the harbors and asserted “all evi dence points to the fact the inva sion will be launched sooner thar some people may expect.” In the staggered lines of deptl back from the mined coast, th( map shows a pattern of farmlanc broken by installations of defensi in camouflaged concrete clusters. These are the gun positions, the cores of the Nazi first line stand. Some show above the ground as groups of small houses, hiding the long barrels of big sunken bat teries. Others are rocket gun em placements set aslant into the ground, and open toward the chan nel coast. These have been high priority targets of weeks of night and day short-range bombing attack. As they bombed, the Marauders, Hav ocs and even fighters photograph ed the installations and brought back the record of bomb ruin and the picture of the whole defense system, piece by piece. The Germans still are relying heavily upon camouflage, virtually their last hope of secrecy since the Allies have won air supremacy over the west wall. That is one reason why so much of the de fense system is dug in under ground. But aerial eyes of the Al : (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) FORRESTAL MADE NAVY SECRETARY New York Financier Ap proved Without Oppo sition In The Senate WASHINGTON, May 17 —W— James V. Forrestal was confirmed as Secretary of the Nay today to carry on the sea war which, in his own words, has been so suc cessful that Japan’s outer Pacific defenses have been beaten down to 4he level of “a line of defense in name only.” The Senate acted shortly after the former undersecretary, at his first news conference since his nomination to succeed the late Frank Knox, paid that tribute to the fighting forces at sea. Following the course of the naval committee which approved the ap pointment unanimously Monday without questioning the 52-year-old former New York Financier on his qualifications, the Senate ratified his nomination without even taking a formal vote. As evidence of the accuracy of his description of the Japanese po sition, Forrestal cited to reporters that American sea forces have pen etrated 1,500 miles within the ene my defense perimeter extending from the North Pacific Kuriles through the Mis-Pacific eastern Marshalls to the Bismarck archi pelago. He invited Major General Wil liam H. Rupertus, commander of the First Marine Division which drove the Japanese from Cape Glouchester on New Britain island last December, to sit in with him. Rupertus "aid that in the Cape Gloucester operation American casualties totaled about 300 men killed and 1,000 wounded, while nearly 10,000 Japanese were either killed or wounded. He said 4,500 Japanese dead had been counted. Forrestal reported that little ene my surface interfernce and prac tically no air opposition is being encountered in constant aerial at tacks against enemy positions in the Caroline and Marshall groups. ‘We have ample proof of the enemy’s weakened position in the mandate area,” he commented. But, he continued, there is evi (Continued on Page'Ten; Col. 8) LAW ENFORCEMENT MEET HELD HERE Fifty Persons Attend Con ference At The Second And Orange USO A conference of law enforcement officers was held by the Federal Bureau of Investigation at the Sec ond and Orange USO yesterday afternoon. Among the 50 men pre sent were representatives of law enforcement agencies and nationa defence plants in and around Wil mington; Sgt. P. J. Parish anc Sgt. Thomas D. Hughes of the Wil mington Police Department. Capt William I. Thomas, provost mar shal at Bluethenthal field, Lt. Nor ton Brooker, naval intelligence, G L. Kennell, chief of plant protec tion at the North Carolina Ship building Company, James B Swails, U. S. Commissioner, Har ry E. Fales, superintendent of the New Hanover Bureau of Identifies tion, and W. L. Tisdale, chief oi plant protection at the Ethyl-Dow Chemical Company. Special agents of the FBI office in Charlotte who attended were: Edward D. Scheidt, chairman oi (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) GERMANSHiPPING DEALT NEW BLOW LONDON, May 17—Iff)—Carrier borne planes of the British home fleet have blasted German shore installations and shipping near Sta dalandet in a surprise bl*w at Nor way’s west coast, the Admiralt; said today. Bomb-carrying Grumman Hell cats bombed oil tanks and a fisl oil factory, scored hits on two sup ply ships, damaged two trailer and possibly three other suppl; ships, while escorting Wildcat am Hellcat fighters shot down nine Nazi interceptors. One other ene my plane may have been downec and two others were damaged. Five naval aircraft are missing said the Admiralty announcement The Grummans and Wildcats are American-made planes. FamedW arCorrespondeni Will Be Returned To U.S. BARCELONA, May 17 —UP) Wearing odd parts of an army uniform, Larry Allen, Associated Press Pulitzer Prize winning war ’ correspondent, who survived the , sinkings of two British warships, was exchanged today after 20 months in Ital ian and Ger man prisoner of war camps. Bronzed and smiling, Allen told of unsuc , cessful at [ tempts to es cape after his , capture Sept. 13, 1942, during ___ a Co mmando Larry Allen raid on Tob,uk in North Africa when the British I destroyer Sikh, on which he was sailing, was sunk. Allen was one of 900 American and British war prisoners ex ' v. 'changed for 700 Germans and as he walked off the Axis exchange ship Gradisca he immediately an nounced he wanted to get bach to work. The 36-year-old native of Mt. Savage, Md., who was accredited to t.he British Mediterranean fleel at the time of his capture, first was held in an Italian prisonei of war camp near Chieti, east ol Rome, but after the Italian ar mistice he fell into German hands and was sent to a prison camp in northwestern Poland. Allen declared that a number ol Allied parachutists were dropped in prisoner of war camps in Ital> just after the Italian armistice but that nearly all were rounded up. ‘‘I was at Camp 21 near Chiet: at first,” Allen said, “then I was transferred to another near Sul (Continued on Page Ten; Col. 4) MOVE ACROSS VALLEY Allies Attempting To Sev er Cassino’s Road, Rail Lines With Rome ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NAPLES, May 17 —Iff)— British and Indian troops have smashed through the German stronghold of Pignataro at the mouth of the historic Liri valley four miles southwest of Cassino and tonight were moving across the valley against furious enemy resistance in an effort to sever Cassino's road and rail communications with Rome. From the battlefield, strewn with abandoned German equip ment, Lynn Heinerling of the As sociated Press reported that the crack Nazi parachute troops who for months defied all Allied efforts to storm Cassino frontally “faced the possible danger of winding up their careers in the dusty environs of that forsaken town.” Southward from the Liri valley along a twisting 15-mile front to the Gulf of Gaeta, American and French native troops drove a dis organied enemy from the last de fenses of the shattered Gustav line and fought through the outposts of the powerful Adolf Hitler line, the enemy’s last known fixed belt of fortifications before Rome. American forces driving up the coast captured the heavily-forti fied town of Castellonorato, four miles from Formia, and pushed on up the coastal road under stiff fire from enemy artillery and snipers. Castellonorato, whose fortifica tions were said to compare with those of the Hitler line, was re duced to ruins and littered with German dead. Several American divisions participating In the of fensive were without previous bat tle experience. The French, whose spectacular advance between the Americans and British has sparked the six the fortress town of Esperia, fouur miles southwest of San Giorgia and two miles south of the Liri river. They began fighting up 2,080-foot Monte d’Oro, believed to be one of the strongest forward positions of the Hitler line. In addition to wiping out the Gustav line, which the Nais had boasted was impregnable, the Al lied push already was forcing the Germans to throw their reserves into the battle. Two grenadier reg iments had been rushed from the Anzio beachhead sector to meet the onslaught. This fitted in perfectly with the avowed purpose of Allied commanders to destroy the Ger man army in Italy. (Wednesday’s German high com mand communique said a great battle of attrition was raging com parable to those of the First World War and acknowledged that Nazi troops were withdrawing before the onslaught. (“Our troops now for six days have been offering heroic re ' sistance to the great enemy su ’ periority,” the communique said in and unusual elaboration, “Inces - sant drumfire, in which huge quan i tities of ammunition are spent; the • strongest air attacks; the use of > tanks as movable artillery; as well ’ as an embittered struggle for l every fortified point and everyhiV, 1 which often changes hands several times within a short time, are giving these fifths the character of the great attirtion battles of the i laoi wuuu wcu. j As powerful squadrons of British 1 armor beat across the gun-studded floor of the Liri valley in an effort to cut the Via Casilina and isolate the Cassino garrison, hundreds of bombardment of the gutted town and Monastery Hill from the Rapi do valley on the east. The barrage appeared designed to obstruct any general enemy withdrawal from the stronghold to avoid the snap ping British trap. -V Destroyer To Honor Late Navy Secretary WASHINGTON, May 17—W-The name of Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox will be carried into battle by a United States destroy er, Secretary James V. Forrestal announced today. The name of the late secretary, who died two weeks ago, has been assigned to a 2,250-ton destroyer now under construction at the Bath Iron Works at Bath, Me. -V--— TO MAKE ALCOHOL WASHINGTON, May 17— UP) — The War Production Board today authorized an idle New Hampshire distillery to produce beverage al cohol from Maine cull potatoes, declaring that use of the plant for war alcohol was “imDractica]^ll$.,, House Arrangements Set Record The Wilmington Defense Housing Committee housed 604 families in war housing apartments' in April, the largest number If families housed in the city in any one month since the war housing projects opened in November, 1942, the com mittee reported yesterday after its May meeting at the War Housing | Center. At the end of the month, the total housing units occupied which are certified by the War Housing Center exceeded 6,000. The center certifies all government housing units and 846 private units in Wil- j mington and the county. The new Riverside apartments were reported to be filling rapidly, with 389 leases signed as of yes terday. A total of 500 units are contained in the Riverside, al >. :hough all units have not been com pleted. The last are expected to be Einished early in June. So far, 327 units have been occupied, with the Eirst families moving in the latter part of March. The committee reported that a small number of units, both fur nished and unfurnished, were avail able in the new Maffitt village sec tion.