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North Carolina’* Oldest Daily Newspaper Published Daily Except Sunday By The Wilmington Star-New* R. B. Page, Owner and Publisher Entered as Second Clas* Matter at Wilming ton, N. C-. Pc*toffice Under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY CARRIER IN NEW HANOVER COUNTY Payable Weekly or In Advance Combi Time Star News nation 1 Week .$ .30 $ .25 $ .50 1 Month . 1.30 1.10 2.15 3 Months .3.90 3.25 6.50 6 Months . 7.80 6.50 13 00 l Year . 15.60 13.00 26.00 News rates entitle subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News BY MAIL Payable Strictly in Advance 3 Months .$ 2.50 $2.00 $ 3 85 6 Months . 5.00 4.00 7.70 1 Year . 10 00 8.00 15.40 News Rates Entitle Subscriber to Sunday issue of Star-News When remitting by mail please use check or U. S. P. O. money order. The Star-News cannot be responsible for currency sent through the mails. MEMBER THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With confidence in our armed forces— with the unbounding determination of our people — we will gain the Inevitable triumph — so help us God. —Roosevelt’s War Message. THURSDAY, MAY 18, 1944. Our Chief Aim To aid in every way the prosecution of the war to complete Victory. TOP OF THE MORNING Books are our most steadfast friends; they are our resource in loneliness; they go with us on our journeys; they await our return; they are our best company . . . they summon ns away from our nar row life to their greatness, from our ignorance to their wisdom, from our par tial or distempered vision to their calm and universal verdicts. Monger. -V High School Orchestra When this school term opened Mrs. Laura Norden, who has long been active in keeping orchestral music alive in Wilmington, organ ized an orchestra at the high school and has put her young players through such intensive training she feels they are now ready for a public appearance. A concert is to be given by the orchestra at 3:30 o'clock on Sunday afternoon at the high school auditorium. Naturally parents and friends of the members and music lovers gen erally will attend to note the progress of the organization. It is Mrs. Norden’s belief, shared by many in the city, that only through thorough and conscientious effort in the schools can Wil mington at last establish a community or chestra. It might take some years, but the project is worth while. The school authori ties are for it and will go as far as they can to get it under way. Public appreciation will be an important factor in its success. This is why a crowded hall on Sunday afternoon is desirable. The present orchestra will take courage to con tinue and progress with such a display of public interest. -V Religious Tolerance The Southern Baptist Convention, meeting in Atlanta, has heard the recommendation of a committee that religious liberty be made • "condition of international collaboration.” As the right to worship according to the dic tates of one's own conscience is guaranteed Americans, it is natural to think that all peoples should enjoy the same privilege. But it is hardly possible for us to expect to set the gauge in religion for other peoples any more than it is possible to dictate any of their internal policies. It would be a great thing if the peoples of the world could bring themselves to our view point on religion as on many other matters Which have been proved by time to be worth Whfie. But there- is no reason to think that ^piE can uc U.UIIC. VV lid L Xlllgll t UUUC XXX tXXC fcrave new world ahead is to cultivate toler ance for the religion of others. In his poem, The Cathedral, James Russell Lowell says something about making “truce with God.” This, we think, is the highest achievement of religion. If it can be accom plished by one faith to its complete satisfac tion, other faiths ought in all reason to be grateful it has been done. This applies equally to all faiths and denominations. Worldwide religious tolerance is a high goal indeed. -V Military Service Capt. Eddie V. Rickenbacker told the North Carolina Federation of Women’s Clubs in con vention at Charlotte that the United States must establish and maintain universal military service if the peace of the world is to be assured. “He said that for the sake of the millions of soldiers overseas,” we quote the Charlotte Observer, “it is the moral obligation of the country to adopt a program of military serv ice—first for the physical and mental bene fit of the nation’s youth and, second, for their full appreciation of the ideology of America by seeing and understanding the problems of other peoples throughout the world. He said this training will permit the young men, after a year, to replace the veterans abroad when final victory comes.” It becomes more and more clear with the flight of time that if a permanent peace is to follow this conflict it must be safeguarded |- f/ / by a large and efficient police force. We have long maintained that only by this means will it be possible to enforce peace terms and cir cumvent the militarists of warring nations, particularly the Prussians in Germany and the war lords of Japan. Because of Ameri ca’s escape from battle on its own soil and unlimited, if seriously drained, natural re sources, together with its tremendous navy and air force, the heaviest burden of pro viding and maintaining this peace army na turally will fall to its lot. If the nation’s boys, as they emerge from high school, are given a year or two years of military service, we will be well able to meet our obligation in keeping the peace abroad, and the boys as Captain Rickenback er points out, will obtain a liberal education that could not be provided by any other means. -—V French Fighting Hard French troops fighting in Italy have brought German defenses guarding Cassino into jeop ardy at the same time that British forces have placed large tank contingents across the Rapido river to turn a German retreat in face of the French and American flanking movent on the Gustav line into a rout. The part these French soldiers are taking in the quickened Allied attack shows not only great fighting ability under capable leader ship, but the attitude of the French people generally who long have awaited the day to take revenge on the Germans for their ruth lessnes^ in France since the occupation. For them the present campaign offers the first major opportunity for a reckoning with the brutal forces that overran their land and have since carried out a reign of frightfulness that staggers description. They fought in Af rica, to be sure, but there they were poorly equipped and played a minor role. Now they are in the center of the stage demonstrating with exceptional efficiency what they can do when they are fully armed. So far as this particular French army is concerned, this is D-day, and they are taking advantage of it. The fall of Rome now seems fairly certain. The attack has gained sufficient impetus, it would appear, to carry away all German re sistance. But it would be wrong to assume that from this time forth the advance will become a parade. Much bitter fighting, per haps the worst of the campaign, lies ahead. The Adolf Hitler line is still to be broken and considering its name we may be sure the Germans will do all they can to prevent that. But there, too, the Allied forces will move ahead, now that the pattern of invasion is actually being woven. Italy must be taken, and without another long delay, in order to clear the Adriatic shores and islands of enemy troops and ships, in preparation for a thrust at Germany from the south by way of the Balkans. When this can be started we may expect to learn that the Russians on the east and the British and Americans in Britain will unite in a three-way assault on the fatherland. -V A Prodigious Worker Frederick Faust, the war correspondent who was killed half an hour after the Allied drive in Italy opened, was such a prolific writer that he is credited with turning out 25,000,000 words of fiction and scenarios. His output was so rapid that he used five pen names to keep the public from wearying of his own. Eighty-five novels bear one or another of these noms de plume. He wrote so many western and adventure stories that he became known as the King of the Pulps. And the strangest aspect of this is that the great majority of his stories are well writ ten and thoroughly entertaining. They differ materially from the trash that usually fills pulp magazines. As a scenario writer he reach ed the height of his talent in the Doctor Kil dare films. Kreisler for a time composed so much mu sic that he too feared to bring it all out under his own name and borrowed the names of inconspicuous composers of former cen turies, allowing the impression to get abroad that he had merely resurrected their pieces and rescored them. We know of no other artist in any field of endeavor to equal Faust’s tremendous pro duction, with or without hired help. -V Relief For Public The newspaper subsidy bill, which would buy War Bond ads in weekly and smaller daily newspapers with $15,000,000 of federal funds, has struck another snag in Congress. Once rejected and later passed by the House Ways and Means committee, it has now been put “on the shelf’ of the House Rules com mittee, which voted against releasing it. The bill has suffered a not unexpected de cline in popularity since the Senate passed it. The Treasury, supposedly a beneficiary, doesn’t want it. Neither do the majority of newspap ers, including many of those for whom the handout was designed. There is good reason for this unpopularity. Private advertisers, without too much to sell these days, have been delighted to buy space to promote the buying of such an accessible, salable and valuable commodity as War Bonds. Each bond drive has topped its prede cessor in the sale of advertising as well as bond*. Treasury research has shown that small newspapers have received a fair and just portion of that advertising. So why dip into the public till to do the job? The House, even in its traditional mood of election-year generosity, seems fearful of .choking on the answer ' A The Paradoxical Dies Rep. Martin Dies probably made more friends and more enemies than any man in Congress in many a long year. And he prob ably won more praise from his enemies and was subjected to more censure by his friends than any member of either house of Congress since the first session of that august body. That he did much good through his investi gations of un-American practices is as true as that he may have done some harm through needless inquiries. To his lasting credit he broke up the German-American bund and in formation he brought out sent Earl Browder to the penitentiary for making false state ments to obtain a United States passport. In his quarrel with Walter Winchell the best he could get was a draw. Now, after being a member of the House since 1931, the blond Texan is to retire, pre sumably to take up the private practice of law. His health is not the best. Probably he will find it expedient to devote much time to rest before engaging in any active work. There after, his course is open to speculation. Hav ing been in public life so long it is doubtful if he can be content with the dull routine of private law practice. It is more than probable that, once fully recovered, he will re-enter the political scene in his native state. -V A Laugh In It Probably you read the latest installment of the saga of the suffering American civilian— the one about the woman who wrote to Gen eral Marshall, asking his immediate and per sonal attention in the vital matter of her lost sleep. It seems some soldiers were quartered in her hotel, and they were so inconsiderate as to slam their doors on arising, thus disturb ing the* woman and her husband two hours before they wanted to get up. We hope that General Marshall was able to laugh. -v Terms Of Peace As the decisive battle of Europe gets under way with the thundering assaults of the Allied air armadas and the all-out offensive in Italy, the European Advisory Commission created by the Moscow Conference is completing the draft of the Allied victory terms which pro vide a grim background to a struggle that has still to reach its climax. According to reports accepted as reliable, these terms call for war to the hilt until the German armies are ready for unconditional surrender on the battlefield. There will be no negotiations, no armistice; there will be no German armies left to march home with blaring bands and flying colors to set up for a new German gen eration the fraudulent claim that it had never been defeatrd and lost the war only because traitors on the home front stabbed it in the back. The German armies must surrender as prisoners of war to await disposal by the Allies while Germany is occupied by the victorious Allied troops. And the Allies may be ex pected to see to it that there will return to Germany neither the men nor the facilities for the formation of new secret or open pri vate armies to start agitation for a new war and a new Hitler movement. These terms are still subject to approval by the American, British and Russian gov ernments but, since they have been formu lated in constant consultation with them, such approval is not in much doubt. In fact, as understood in London, they have been drafted under American leadership. For the present they will be the only terms to be conveyed to the German people by all Allied propagan da, including, presumably, the Russian. What ever diplomatic offensives the Allies do en gage in will be directed primarily toward the neutrals to plug the last holes in the Allied blockade, and toward Germany’s satellites to get them out of the war. And even to the latter no better terms are being offered than Allied leniency in proportion to their contri bution to Allied victory. The terms finally shatter the hopes which Nazi leaders are holding out to their deluded people that in the end the Allies will still con sent to a negotiated peace which will not only save some of Germany’s loot but will also lay the foundation for a new career of con quest in a Europe enfeebled by German dep redations. -And in so far as they aim at the complete destruction of the German military marhinp anri mastpr rare idea thev will un doubtedly find general approval by a world aroused by German barbarities. But there is no blinking the fact that as long as these are the only terms the Germans know they will continue to fight with the courage of desper ation which prefers the known terror of the present to the even greater terror of the un known future, and Goebbel’s propaganda must be expected to make the most of that theme. By the same token, as long as that condition prevails the Allies, too, will have to brace themselves for a far more bitter strug gle than that which marked the last stages of the last war, when Wilson’s Founteen Points were as effective in causing the final collapse of Germany as Allied bullets. It is true that Wilson’s Fourteen Points did not begin to affect German fighting morale until the German armies had been defeated in the field. And it is perhaps also true that there is no element in Germany at the pres ent capable of revolt. Neverthelss, Wilson’s Fourteen Points began to work among the German masses long before the military de feat, and the submission of terms which leave the German people hope for survival should produce a similar effect. For that reason it should be made plain by the Allied leadership that the terms of un conditional surrender now drafted are mili tary terms applicable to the battlefield, and that the political terms to the German people will be formulated in connection with the so lution of the post-war problems that are next on the agenda of the Advisory Commission. They will not be the comparatively lenient terms of the Fourteen Points, and few Ger mans would expect such terms. They will not even be the terms of the Atlantic Charter, which has been made inapplicable to Ger many, at least as a matter of German “right.” But they will and must be in line with Prime Minister Churchill’s assurance that “uncon ditional surrender does not mean that the German people will be enslaved or destroy ed,” which is also in conformity with the needs and the conscience of both the Allies and the world. And in such an assurance tne German people might find not only hope but also the courage tr eud their own slaughter by sur render.—New York Times. BOY AT THE DYKE — 1944 _ ^otm?ESs, rEUROPE \ With Ernie Pyle *•*— — ■ ■ ... — ■ ■■ ——— i By ERNIE PYLE A B-26 BASE SOMEWHERE IN ENGLAND, by wireless)—The B 26 is a bomber which is very fast and carries a two-ton bomb load. In its early stages it had a bad: name—it was a ‘hot” plane which took great skill to fly and which killed more peopie in training than it did in combat. But the B-2 has lived down the bad name. The boys of this squad ron wouldn't fly in anything else. They like it because it can take quick and violent evasive action when the flak is bothersome, and because it can run pretty well from fighters. Its record over here is excellent. Bombing accuracy has been high and losses have been extremely low. And as for accidents—the thing that cursed the plane in its early days—they have been next to nonexistent here. The boys so convinced me of the B-26’s invulnerability that I took my courage in my hand and went on a trip with them. They got us up at 2 in the morn ing. Boy, it was cold getting out of our cots and into our clothes. We had gone to bed about 11, but I couldn’t get to sleep. All night long the sky above us was full of the drone of planes—the RAF passing over on its nightly raids. ‘Chief” Collins, the pilot, ‘Red Dog” Arnold, the bombardier, and I were the only ones in our hut who had to get up. We jumped into our clothes, grabbed towels, and ran out to the wash house for a quick dash of cold water on our faces. The moon was brilliant and we needed no flashlights. Red Dog gave me an extra pair of long drawers to put on. Chief gave me his combat pants, as I uau given mine away in riaiy. Also I put on extra sweaters and a mackinaw. Then we walked through the moonlight under the trees to the mess hall. It was only 2:30 a.m„ but we ate breakfast before the take-off. And we had two real fried eggs too. It was almost worth get ting up for. We drove out to the field in a jeep. Some of the boys rode their bicycles. There were a couple of hundred crewmen altogether. At the field we went into a big room, brightly lighted, and sat on benches for the briefing. The briefing lasted almost an hour. Everything was explained in detail—how we would take off, how we would rendezvous in the dark, where we would make the turn to ward our target. Then we went to the locker room and got our gear. Red Dog got me a pair of flying boots, a Mae West life preserver, a parachute and a set of ear-phones. We got in the jeep again and rode out to the plane. It was still half an hour before take-off time. The moon had gone out and it was very dark. We stood around talking with the crew. Finally, 10 minutes before take-off time we got into the plane. One of the boys boosted me up through a hatch in the bottom of the plane, for it was high, and with so many clothes I could hard ly move. I sat back in the radio com partment on some parachutes for the take-off. Red Dog was the only one of the crew who put on his chute. He said I didn’t need to put mine on. We were running light, and it didn’t take long to get off the ground. I had never been in a B-26 before. The engines seemed to make a terrific clatter. There were runway markers, and I could see them whiz past the window as we roared down the runway. A flame about a foot long shot out of the exhausts and it wor ried me at first, but finally I de cided that was the way it was supposed to be. It’s a ticklish business assemb ling scores of planes into forma tion at night. Here is how they do it: We took off one at a time, about 30 seconds apart. Each plane flew straight ahead for four and a half minutes, climbing at a certain rate all the time. Then it turned right around and flew straight back for five minutes. Then it turned once again, heading in the original di rection. By this time we were up around 4,000 feet. We had not seen any of the other planes. The flight leader had said he would shoot flares out his plane frequently so the others could spot him if they got lost. Red Dog was half turned around, talking to me, when the first two flares split the sky ahead of us. He just caught them out of the corner of his eye, and he almost jumped out of his seat. He had forgotten about the flares and thought they were the running lights of the plane ahead of us and that we were about to collide. ‘I haven’t been so scared in months,” he said. The leader kept shooting flares, which flash for a few moments and then go out. But we really didn’t need them. For we were right on his trail, just where we should have been, and everybody else was too. It was a beautiful piece of precision groping in the dark. As we caught up to within half a mile or so we could finally see the running lights of other planes, and then the dark shapes of group ed planes ahead silhouetted against a faintly lightening sky. Finally we too were in position, flying almost wing to wing up there in the Eng lish night. 25 Years Ago Today (From the files of the Star-News) MAY 18, 1919 The Salvation Army's big drive will get under way in Wilmington tomorrow night when a banquet will be held for the team workers in the Masonic Temple. Fifteen thousand dollars is asked in New Hanover county. This and $5,000 more will be spent in Wilmington tor a home. Twenty-five or more members of the Rotary club will attend the state convention in Greensboro on Tuesday and Wednesday. The Hemenway Drum and Bugle corps will make the trip as guests of the club and will do much for the city in an advertising way. Several converts of the faith of the Seventh-Day Adventist church were baptized in the waters of Greenfield Lake yesterday by El der H. Pankoke. Services were held near the bath house and many members of the church were in attendance. -V Art Exhibition To Be Shown At USO’s Here An exhibition, arranged by the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, which is touring the country, will be on view at nearby USO clubs until the end of May, it was announced yesterday. The exhibit includes the work of Am erican and Latin American artists and also features a home decora tion display The schedule is as follows: May 18th. Southport USO, May 19-29, USO at 3rd and Grace St., May 21-23 USO at 2nd and Orange St., May 24-25 USO at 5th and Orange, May 26-27 Carolina USO, May 28 31, USO at 5th and Orange St. The Literary Guidepost »y JUrliN SELBY “THE RED COCK CROWS,” by Frances Gaither (Macmillan: $2.75). Through the years since Marga ret Mitchell’s “Gone With the Wind” the publisher of that re markable novel has been scour ing the South for its successor. I suspect that when Frances Gaith er’s ‘The Red Cock Crows” turn ed up, the publisher sighed with relief. After he read it, I also suspect , that he wondered. In many ways Mrs. Gaither’s long novel is better than “Gone With the Wind,” which those who disliked Mrs. Mitchell’s book will consider damning with faint praise. ‘The Red Cock Crows” j.<? much more socially conscious than its predecessor — its author really understands the general an te-bellum scene in Mississippi and more. The “more” is the extra ordinary tangle of social strands that ran underneath the ostensibly smooth surface of the fabric. Southern life in those days was iik« a Paisley shawl. The "right” side was smooth and convention ally patterned, but the ‘wrong” side was a mat of complicated threads which reflected the for r m mal pattern only very generally. And the great mistake of many northerners was in assuming that their southern neighbors did not understand all this. Mrs. Gaither has used a con ventional plot for her novel. There is Shandy, the Dalton plantation in “The Forks.’’ Shandy swarmed with slaves, good ones and otherwise. Its white population reflected the white rul ing class accurately, and there is the usual nearby young planter, arrogant and heedless. Into this life comes Adam Fiske from Maine; he and the neighbor inev itably are interested in Fannie Dalton, and from that point the formal story can be guessed with considerable ease. But it is not the triangle that is important, but the generous un derstanding of the underside of the shawl. Mrs. Gaither has done, for example, a memorable por trait of Scofield, the Dalton’s Ne gro headman who is torn between race loyalty and loyalty to his master. There are many such portraits, perhaps a little more at mospheric detail than is needed, and expert handling of occasion fllly melodramatic material. interpreting The War By KIRKE L. SIMPSON' Associated Press War Analyst Massed guns supporting the right 'lank of the Allied drive in Italy lave served notice on Nazi defend ers that the battle crisis is at hand, rhe guns obviously were paving the way for a tank-led lunge up the Liri valley through the dismem bered Gustav defenses to come to grip with the Adolf Hitler line .tself. That is the 12-mils span of long, prepared Nazi second-line defenses across the Liri valley from Pied monte on the mountain slopes northwest o£ Cassino to the region of Esperio in the hills south of the river. It is linked by a secondary highway which crosses the Liri at Pontecorvo, probable next main Eighth Army objective. At the point where the British have broken through from their Rapido bridgehead beyond the Ca,. sion-Formia road, the Liri valley is some 10 miles wide. Ity nal floor, lying between the mountains to the north and the lesser but formidable hill clusters near the coast, extends northwestward a full 15 miles, widening out up stream. Various Liri tributary may impede Allied progress, bui there is no formidable natural ob stacle short of the upper Liri itsel above the point at which tire Sacc joins it. It is presumed that along thj critical sector of the route to Rom the Nazi genius for contriving art fical tank Dlocke, crossfire gun em placements, meshed wire entangle ments and booby traps has rut its full course. Hitler line def.n ders cannot count here as they dio ineffectually on the Gustav line on flanking fire from high-posted guns on either side of the valley to break up a determined Allied forward Dush. In preparation for that push, Al lied guns loosed a new barrage on Monastery mountain above Cas sino. There were indication that the German garrison of the town below might be only a sacrifical rear guard detachment, covering Nazi withdrawal from both Cas sion and the battered. Monastery Hill above. Eighth Army elements were reported closing in on the Rome-Cassino highway west of the town, threatening to cut it off com pletely at the next forward step. As the pattern of the new Italian campaign, has thus far developed, the Eighth Army armored drive up the Liri appears to be its main operations. Successive objectives assigned to the Franco-American Fifth Army south of the Liri have all seemed selected primarily for the help they would give the Eighth in delivering a knockout attack against not only the Gustav line, but the less formidable Hitler line some five miles beyond. The week-long battle in Italy would -represent only a minor phase of the whole Russian-Allied strategic design if it fell short of breaking the Hitler line as well as shattering its Gustav outpost sys tem. It cannot well halt now short of contact with the inner Nazi defenses guarding the approaches to Rome. -V Daily Prayer FOR SUPREME POWER In our weakness and bewilder ment, overwhelmed by war's many pressures, we look up to Thee, O Triune God, our Father, for strength and wisdom to carry on to the end. We feel our own littleness and lack of faith and for titude. But Thou art all power. And Thou hast promised to share Thine enabling with us. Nothing jless than Thy might can sustain us. Despite our undiscerning we pray that Thou wilt unleash Thy almightiness for our aid. Open our hearts to receive Thy great help. Give us, we entreat Thee, a clear and simple consciousness of Thine aid. Without Thee we can do noth ing ; with Thee we can conquer all foes of Thy will, in our own hearts and in our pagan foes. So we commit ourselves today to the unfailing strength of Divine pow er, Amen.—W.T.E. ___v_ Wave Recruiter Will Call Here May 22-27 S. F. McFhail, specialist third class in the Waves, will be here at the post office May 22 through the 27 to interview applicants who wish to enlist in the women's par* of the Navy or those women who wish to learn something abou; the Waves. Any eligible woman may appear at the Navy recruiting office di; - ing the specified time to inqu.re about service with the Waves. Aim obtainable at the station will application forms. Women between 26 and 36 may enlist in the Waves if they have an education including tw« more years of High school sta dards. They may be married bv,‘ must have no children under 1 years of age. —-V Abner, Of Lum ’n Abner, Is Granted Deferment HOLLYWOOD, May 17 Norris Goff, the Abner of radio’s Lum and Abner, has been deferred by his Encino, Calif., draft boat'd, officials of the Blue Network said today. Goff, father of two children, will be 38 May 30. The other member of the team. Chet Lauck, father of three chil dren, is over 38. -V Many West African natives con sider the birth of twins unlucky.